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The Gospel Messenger 

"This gospel of the Kingdom shall be 
preached hi the whole world/'— Matt. 24: 14. 

'STRETCHING FORWiED."_PMlp p . 3:13 

Vol. 68 

Elgin, 111., January 4, 1919 

^".rn!!,,:- 1 :;/-,,,,,,,,,.--.,. 

No. 1 

In This Number 

comprehend the business of 

.<,«.._ —~ ™ comprenenc me business of all the Boards not only, quire them to , a l. 

stretching , but of the whole machinery of the church v to take ac ™unt of the many changed 

■} How , ong fhese tex(s ^ st t n h n e d * u ; c u h ; mo(to •• Omons ,„ wh,ch thev w„,„H B , 

can not say. But we agree to remove them, at least 
as soon as the ends expressed by them are 'reached 

Perhaps you would like to hurry matters up a little 
The way is open. Stretch forward. 


Good Exercise in Spiritual Cultu.^. 

Tenching Gospel Truth by Contrast (D. L. M ) 1 

Is It Ever Right to-no Wrong (A. C. W.) ' " o 

Meeting of tile Genernl Mission Board ' o 

The Quiet Hour .,.; 7 

Among the Churches, .' ...'..'' R 

Around the World .' .......... 

Contributors' Forum, — 

Truth Never Dies (Poem) 3 

Eclipsing Christ. By Ezra Flory. ......'..[.'...[..'.'.'.." 3 

Tile Forward Movement in Education. Bv D. W. Kurtz 3 
Christ's wisdom in Answering Questions. Bv I. J Ros- 

euherger ' 4 

" Mere-worm " Christians. By Galen B. Royer 4 

Conquered hy Kindness. By James M. Moore, ..... 5 

"What Next? By Qulncy Leckrone 5 Stone -inH „.,;,. U~ .T 1 • ■ "- 

The Bnby. By Julia Grnydon ......Y.. 12 e beaut ' f "' inscriptions On them 

Tile Round Table, — 

Good-bye, Old Tear (Poem). By Mvrn Welch, .. 

"Whom Seek Ye?" By S, S. W. Hammers 

My Inheritance. By James A. Osterwise 

Thinking Seriously. By J. C. Flora 

God Himself Our Ground- for Gratitude. By Ralph 


National or International. By A 
Standards. By Enrl L. Florae . , 
Home and Family, — 

I Shall Not Paps This Way Again (Poem) 10 

Apron Strings. By Bess Bates 10 

Keeping tlie Balance. By Rebecca C. Foutz 10 

ing Honor to the Fathers 

One way of honoring the memory of the great 
and good men of past ages is to build monuments of 

.. And 
recite their achievements in books arid speeches. An- 
other way is to emulate their virtues. The former 
method need not be disparaged altogether, hut mo4 
people will agree that the second is the better And VOt " m t0 the truth tI,at en « b| ed them to meet their 

■s„ger;-:::::::::;:;:: .? when ^ fi ^t is used, if it is to be anything more r,robiems successfully. 

than hollow pretense, it must hi 

which they would find themselves We 
we know they would do this because this is just what they 
'I"' in their own time. This unswerving loyalty to 
Gospel principles would make their present methods 
and activities, in some respects unlike, in some respects 
he same as, their former ones, Wherever their prac- 
ice would vary from that of the past, it would be 
because loyalty to the principle required it 

True loyalty to the fathers and emulation of their 
virtues ,s not the same as doing everything they did 
and nothing else. I, is putting the samc spir|t .J Q ^ 
work that they put into theirs. It i s being as useful 
to our age as they were to theirs. It is facing the 
problems of our time with the same courage and de- 


"Stretching Forward" 

The old year has gone. It is time to forget " the 
things which are behind." It is time to stretch for- 
ward to " the things which are before." It is time for 
the Forward Movement to begin. 

By way of indicating the Messenger's desire to co- 
operate with the Church Boards in the program which 
they have adopted, and with the further purpose of 
keeping constantly in our minds the ideals they have 
set before us, we have placed in the motto space, near 
the top of this page, several Scripture texts which 
seem particularly appropriate to the Forward Move- 
ment program. 

The words which occupy the central position are 
from the same great apostle and the same letter, as it 
happens, as were those which have stood there here- 
tofore. They express most admirably and tersely the 
practical import of the new movement. They do not 
define it but they do tell us exactly what each of us 
must do to make the movement a success. 

On either side are words which summarize the 
objectives of the movement. They define the nature 
of " the things which are before," to which we must 
stretch forward, for they well state the sum and sub- 
stance of that." goal " to which Paul himself, even in 
his old age, was still " stretching forward." 

e supplemented by the 

Such trite observations as these will, of course, pass 
without question. But there is still a point involved 
which is worthy of at least a passing notice. Granted 
that we wish to honor the fathers by the second and 
better method, how shall we go about it? What does 
it mean to emulate their virtues? 

There are two answers to this question. One is, to 
do what the fathers did. The other is, to do what they 

Let us do honor to the fathers by making as much 
progress m bringing the real Gospel of Jesus into the 
hearts and lives of our fellow-men, as our fathers 
themselves did. 

A Good Exercise in Spiritual Culture 

Stretching is good exercise. Sometimes it hurts 
a little, but this is seldom just cause for alar.,, It 
probably means nothing more than the tearing down of 
\s soon as the new tissue has had time 

™:r^^j-?-^i~ »™~**^*£zzxz 

is right, in part The second is altogether right. 

If the fathers were alive today,— we mean those 
faithful ones whose^ good example we desire to fol- 
low,— they would do many things exactly as they did 
them years ago. And many things they would do dif- 
ferently. For they would be just as loyal and con- 
scientious in carrying out the fundamental principles 
of their faith now as they were then. This would re- 

Perhaps that disinclination to stretch forwan 
your church activities is due to a like reason. Lazy 
Christians get their spiritual systems all clogged up 
with dead tissue. Working this off may be a trifle 
Pa.nful. but the new life which follows is so much 
more vigorous and satisfying that it is worth the cost 

For an exercise in spiritual culture there is nothing 
better than " stretching forward." 

Teaching Gospel Truth by Contrast 

In the New Testament many striking contrasK am f„i* ;* *■„ i ...... 

ed in teachine the imnortant ,„,*. ITrU f" * ** ^.^ M h " '""-S " « said that some 

used in teaching the important truths of the Gospel. 
Jesus used a number of them, and Paul, in his Epistles, 
also uses very many. These contrasts put the truth 
in such a light that no one can mistake their meaning. 
One among the strongest, used by our Savior in his 
teaching, grew out of an experience in the temple. 
There he saw the wealthy men cast their gold and 
silver into the treasury box. As it rattled 

into the box, it might have been heard all over the 
The passage on the left is taken from that memorable temple. While this was going on, a poor widow ap- 
address which Jesus delivered to his disciples on the proached the box. She was rather poorly dressed, as 
slopes of Olivet, when the cross was already casting may readily be inferred. She did have two mites in 
its shadows over him. \ It states concisely the task of her ha nd, and these she cast into the treasury and 
world evangelism with which Jesus formally charged walked away. She may have had fears that her small 

these disciples a few week later, and which will ever 
remain the first and foremost task of the church of 
Christ, until it be accomplished. 

The passage on the right is taken from that won- 
derful sentence in which Paul sets out the one final 
function of all the varied agencies in the church,- 

gift, — two-fifths of one cent, — would not be readily 

found among the gold and silver. If we had had the 

choice of the wealth thrown in, we doubtless would 

have taken the gold and the silver, and left the mites. 

But God's arithmetic, as to real values, is different 

from ours. Jesus saw it all and, calling his disciples 
the culture of the soul into complete Christlikeness. unt0 m'm, he drew the contrast between the givers. 
This is the ultimate purpose of evangelization. This He, said : " Verily I say'unto you, That this poor widow 
is What the church is charged to do with all who heed hath cast more in than all they which have cast into 
its proclamation of the Gospel. the treasury. For all they did cast in of their abun- 

The one text embodies that part of the Forward dance; but she of her want did cast in all that she had, 
Movement program with which the Mission Board even all her living " (Mark 12 : 43-44). 
is primarily concerned. The other deals with religious 

education, the chief interest of the Sunday-school and how plain it all is! Who can misunderstand it? Try 

Educational Boards. Yet sharp distinctions here are your best and you can put ,10 other meaning into i, than -* ' *** "' ' Demosth ™« 

impossible arid inadvisable. The two texts together Jesus placed in it. The poor widow gave until she 

give after feeling around for the smallest coin 

their abundance. That kind of giving does not count 

in the sight of God. 

A good brother was soliciting money for a worthy 
cause. He approached a wealthy brother and solicited 
him for help. He answered: "Well, brother, I sup- 
pose I must give my mite." The good brother at 
and j,ngled once replied: "Don't do that; we do not need all 
you have,— even all your living." 

In that wonderful and most beautiful love chapter, 
1 Cor. 13, the apostle uses a half dozen of the most 
striking contrasts to be found in all his writings. They 
are drawn between love and other important gifts. He 
says: " Though I speak with the tongues of men and 
of angels, and have not love, I- am become as sounding 
brass, or a tinkling cymbal. And though I have the 
gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and 
all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I 
could remove mountains, and have not love, I am noth- 
ing. And though I bestow all my goods to feed the 
poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have 
not love, it profiteth me nothing" (1 Cor. 13: 1-3). 

Look at each of these most remarkable contrasts! 
Study th»m carefully, and note how, in the rest of the 
chapterr Paflr^fces the characteristics of love. 

As Drummond says, he passes the word through 

2 ^i!':.'",, Trl^ "^ ""J™ 5 ' te ?' Ch ! S ' ™ d ' l he P rism of ** H °l.v Ghost and gives us its element 

irical abi 
or a Cicero, and have, 

in addition, the silver tongue 
of an angel, and without love your words become as a 



sounding brass or a tinkling cymbal,-only a hollow, 
empty sound. 

You may have the gift of prophecy.-even the abil- 
ity to foretell future events,-but if you lack love, the 
gift does not count in Christian character. In addition 
to prophecy you may have all faith, so that you could 
remove mountains, and yet, if you lack love, your 
faith is an empty shell. It has often been said : ' Only 
believe, and you shall be saved," but you must have 
the love of God shed abroad in your heart and soul, 
if faith is to count. " Thou shall love the Lord thy 
God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with 
all thy strength and with all thy mind; and thy neigh- 
bor as thyself," if your faith is to count. 

You may have all knowledge, and understand all 
mysteries; you may have finished the common and 
hi»h school courses, taken a degree in college and uni- 
versity; you may have B. A., M. A., Ph. D., D. D. and 
LL D attached to your name, but if you do not have 
love you are nothing. Without this one great Christian 
essential, your degrees are but the thin, empty air of 
mere fame. 

And then you may,— having the wealth of the world 
as a Carnegie, a Rockefeller or a Rothschild,— sell all 
you have and give it to feed the poor and starving, but 
it will profit you nothing unless you are prompted by 
love. And then, to reach the highest possible sacrifice, 
you may give your body to be burned, but if you do 
not possess love, it profiteth you nothing. The false 
prophets on Mount Carmel, in their contest with 
Elijah, cut themselves with knives until their gashes 
made their altar and sacrifice red with their life-blood. 
Some may even have died from their self-inflicted 
wounds. Yet all this profited them nothing. 

The important lesson of love is here taught in a 

But certainly, when men stop to think, they can 
not long hold such beliefs. The very raising of the 
question, in the title of this article, " Is It Ever Right 
to Do Wrong?" shows at once the self-contradiction 
of such a philosophy. The Apostle Paul himself re- 
pudiated such a charge, brought against himself, as 
the basest of slander. The conscience of every Chris- 
tian man revolts against it, whatever self-interest may 
plead. Wherever men have proceeded on this phi- 
losophy, sooner or later, the foundations have been dis- 
solved underneath, and their cause or seeming prog- 
ress has come to ruin. 

Our Master himself said that all lies, for example, 
are from Satan, that he is the father of lies. If, then, 
we use a lie to help in a righteous cause, we are, in 
effect, pleading that we must have the devil's help in 
accomplishing God's purpose. And, just as Satan is 
at the root of all lies, so he is the source of all evil. 
Consequently, whenever we plead that " we must do 
evil that good may come," we are confessing that we 
must make a compromise with the devil, for the sake 
of accomplishing a righteous purpose, or promoting a 
righteous cause. The philosophy is utterly self-con- 
tradictory, and untenable, when one tries to think it 
out from any logical or ethical point of view. 

Even the popular phrase, " Of two evils, choose the 
least," involves a sophistry and self-contradiction. If 
the things are, in reality, evil, we can not, — we dare 
not,— choose them. What we really mean is, that of 
two seeming evils, choose the one which will mean the 
least of self-sacrifice. We do not mean that it is 
intrinsically evil, but that it involves a larger personal 

It is a false basis, at any rate, upon which to make 

the men who rest in the goodness and providence of 
God. They are the men who will do right though 
the heavens fall. 

This does not mean any petty narrowness. This 
means the larger vision, because a man takes his stand 
upon eternal truth. It does not mean any base fanat- 
icism. It does often involve a misunderstanding by 
our fellows, who have the narrower vision, who have 
less stalwart hearts, who are moral cowards, who 
are afraid to do the good which they know is right. 

" Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with 
good." " Blessed is he that overcometh." " When 
the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the 
Lord shall lift up a standard against him." " The eyes 
of the Lord run to and fro throughout the whole earth, 
seeking to show himself strong in behalf of those whose 
heart is perfect toward him." A. c. w. 

any decision, for we are never allowed by God to 

most forceful way. It places love at the very height of come into any place where we must choose evil in 

ChrisHan characer. The chapter closes by placing order to do good. " For God ,s faithful, who wd not 

love above faith and hope. All three abide, but the suffer us to be tempted above that we are able to 

greatest is love. We must have the love of God in bear, but will with every temptation, make also the 

our hearts, and also have love for humanity and for way of escape, that we may be able to bear it. The 

our fellows in Christ. Jesus says : " A new command- thing to do ,s not to weigh the two evils which con- 

ment I give unto you, That ye love one another." front us, but to pray and search for the way of 

' D . L . M . escape " which God has himself provided in every case 

of trial, and every testing time. 

Is It Ever Right to Do Wrong? jf we choose evil, we make an alliance with the evil 

Is it ever right to do wrong? Shall we do evil that one. If we throw ourselves into the hands of God, 

good may come? Does the end sanctify the means? and obtain his help, then we shall triumph on a real 

If the cause is righteous, are we at liberty to do what- 
ever is necessary for the attainment of it? Do two 
wrongs ever make a right? Is a lie ever justifiable? 
These are questions which people have asked from 
time immemorial, but they are ever new. Multitudes are 
asking them now,— not in this abstract form, but in 
practical affairs of everyday life, especially in crisis 

If the attainment of a righteous cause justifies the 
use of unrighteous means, then, certainly, they should 
be used in the highest of all causes. If it is ever right 
to do wrong, then it certainly would be for the pur- 
pose of accomplishing the highest possible end. 

So the Mohammedans reason, and they propagate 
their faith by the sword, and the poisoned cup and the 
massacre of the " infidels " follow. So, also, reasoned 
the Jesuits, justifying murder, intrigue, deceit, and 
even adultery. 

And certainly the progress and conservation of the 
Kingdom of God is the highest of all ends. It is the 
greatest of all causes,— the most sacred, the most 
holy, the most fruitful of good to mankind, and to the 
glory of God. 

Certainly, then, if the end ever sanctified the means, 
then men are justified in using any means necessary 
for the progress of the church, and the high cause of 
Jesus Christ. 

Then we must admit that the Mohammedans and 
Jesuits are right. 

But, in all Christian circles, such sophistry has long 
ago been utterly repudiated. Public sentiment would 
not, even for a moment, endure or justify any such 
procedure among evangelical Christians today. 

In the realms of private life, politics, even in busi- 
ness success, such principles are still in use, and men 
justify every kind of evil because of the outcome 
which the)- claim to be seeking. 

and lasting basis. 

There was a period in Jacob's life when he felt that 
he must do crooked work for the sake of attaining his 
end. He and his mother basely deceived and cheated 
Esau, in order to obtain the blessing of the birthright, 
which had been promised by God; but both of them 
suffered severely for this trickery and deceitfulness. 
In God's own good time, had they cast themselves on 
the mercy and love and faithfulness of God, he would 
have manifested the proper way of bringing about the 
promised blessings. 

Meeting of the General Mission Board 

[For this excellent summary of the Board's deliberations' at 
its meeting held Dec. 18 and 19. we are indebted to the kindness 
of the Secretary, Kro. J. H. B. Williams.— Ed.] 

At this time of the year there is always a great 
amount of business to be considered and the recent 
session proved no exception to the rule. Among the 
more important items which would be of general 
interest, we might mention the following as being the 
basis of a good share of the Board's work at this 
meeting : 

Since the August meeting, the Board has had a 
committee investigate the advisability of employing a 
home mission secretary. This committee made a re- 
port and the Board has decided to employ a secretary 
whose special business it will be to look after the mis- 
sion interests of the home base. In order to outline 
his work, the committee was continued, to make a full 
report at the April Board meeting. 

The General Mission Board, during the last few 
months, has been making a study of the relation which 
it would sustain to the missions of other churches, now 
operating in South China, in case a pastor were sent 
to that territory. The Board at this meeting appointed 
a special committee to seek for a pastor for the South 
China field. 

Owing to the difficulties connected with the assign- 
ment of our special supports in our foreign fields, and 
the difficulties which our missionaries find, in report- 
ing on the work of such persons as the native workers 
and orphans, the Board granted both India and China 
the privilege of trying out, in one station in each field, 
a plan by which they will offer to our people shares 
in the support of a mission, in place of the assignments 
of native workers. The assignment method often 
proves disappointing to our people, because of the 
difficulty in securing reports from their workers, and 
also because of workers frequently changing on the 
field. r 

Furloughs were granted Brother and Sister J. M. 

There came, however, later, a period in the life of Blough, Bro. J. I. Kaylor and Sister Olive Widdow- 

Jacob when he was soundly converted, — after the 
angel of God had wrestled with him all through the 
night, and Jacob said he would not let him go until 
he had obtained the blessing. Then, at the cost of 
physical defect for the rest of his life, he paid the 
price and obtained the blessing from God. From this 
time on he was no longer the trickster, the schemer, 
the supplanter, but obtained his blessings by throwing 
himself on the mercy, the love, and the will of God, 
in simple faith and implicit trust. He was willing to 
bide God's time. And now he was able to obtain his 
blessings through the will and working of God, and 
not through human scheming. It was in token of this 
that his name was changed from " schemer " to 
" prince," for a prince he had power with God and 
therefore power with men. 

So it is ever. The world does not long honor men 
who do evil that good may come, — who make a com- 
promise with evil and sin in order to escape persecu- 
tion. The names which posterity delights to honor, 
are the names of men who stood upon eternal prin- 
ciples of right, and standing out, if need be, against the 
public opinion and ' common understanding of their 
age. So it will ever be. They are the men of pro- 
found vision, with a wider horizon of truth. They are 

The Board very keenly feels the loss of Sister 
Nora Lichty, who has recently been called home, and 
expressed its sympathy to Brother Lichty in his sad 

A number of petitions were laid before the Board, 
to provide funds for building operations in China. 
The workers there are laying the foundation for a 
very strong work in years to come. • Because of the 
rates of exchange being so excessive in China, our 
Board, some time ago, asked the workers to defer all 
building operations, as much so as possible, for the 
present time. In view of this request, and in the hope 
that tfie rate of exchange will be more satisfactory later 
on, $10,000 was set apart to cover the most urgent 
items asked for by China. - The remainder of the 
budget was referred to the April' meeting for further 
consideration. Of special interest is the fact that 
China asked for $3,500 for the purchase of mission 
property at Shou Yang, China which amount the Board 
understands it granted in the above appropriation. 
This station has long been occupied by the English 
Baptist people, but they were very willing to sell the 
property to us at a reasonable figure and since it lies 
contiguous to our territory, and its occupation would 
be most advantageous for our work, the China mission 



desires to purchase this property and to open a third 
station in connection with our China work. China was 
authorized to organize a building committee, to take 
care of the many intricate problems connected with 
building operations in that land. 

Furloughs for Dr. Brubaker and family, Ernest 
Vaniman and family, and Sister Emma Horning, were 
granted for 1920. 

Our missionaries desire to participate in the educa- 
tional work in the capital of their province, Tai Yuan 
Fu. Our Board asked them to investigate further the 
possibilities connected with 1 this, and to report to us 
at a later meeting. 

Considerable time was consumed in the discussion 
of the Board's Five-year Forward Movement, which 
is to commence with Jan. 1 of this year and to termi- 
nate with Jan. 1, 1924. Many matters were discussed 
in connection with this, announcement regarding 
which will be made in due time. Possibly, as a portion 
of this work, and to give it prestige, it is planned that 
our church endeavor to raise $150,000 as a special 
offering at Winona Lake, at our coming Annual Con- 
ference. To do this, we sincerely trust that the entire 
Brotherhood is willing to cooperate in the fullest man- 
ner possible. 

A number of assignments were made for the foreign 
field, and it is hoped that a larger number will present 
their applications for appointment at the April meeting. 
Truly, our fields are in such a condition at this time, 
especially in India, that workers must be found if we 
desire to conserve the efforts which have been, put 
forth by our missionaries through their self-sacrificing 
labors in the past. 

A full report was given of the visit of the Secretary 
to the Southland, and considerable discussion took 
place with regard to how our Board may best help 
our brethren in the southern part of the country. The 
question is still open for further study, and it is hoped 
that from this there may come forth some very 
tangible plans, whereby wc can assist in prosecuting 
mission work in that territory. 

Because of the rapidly-changing conditions, the 
Board feels the necessity of the revision of a number of 
our tracts ; also the wisdom and value of securing 
other tracts, written in the spirit of service, and in 
harmony with the spirit of our times. The Tract Ex- 
amining Committee is being requested to cooperate 
in securing such literature. 

The General Sunday School Board presented a letter 
to the Mission Board, in which they pledged their 
fullest cooperation in missionary activities. This let- 
ter was much appreciated, and *we feel sure that the 
Sunday School Board, by their help and influence upon 
our young people and children, can render a splendid 
service in behalf of missions. 

A few improvements were authorized in the Pub- 
lishing House building, among these being the prepara- 
tion of a room in our library where visiting students, 
and others, desiring to read, may find a suitable place. 

Some years ago the Board acquired property at Den- 
ver, Colo., known as the Denver Colored Home. At 
this meeting a deed was signed, whereby the property 
is satisfactorily disposed of. Other deeds were exe- 
cuted, conveying properties owned by the Board which 
have been sold, — the proceeds of the same to be used 
for endowment or direct mission work. A loan of 
$1,100 was made to assist in the erection of one church- 
house. A number of appropriations were made for 
State Districts, to help them in their mission work. 

The question of music for the Church of the Breth- 
ren was referred to the General Mission Board at the 
Wichita Conference, and this question is being care- 
fully studied with a view of supplying our Brother- 
hood with suitable music for it.= various requirements. 

Other matters of a more or less general character 
were discussed by the Board, and many decisions made % 
which, we trust, will prove of advantage to the Mas- 
ter's cause, as represented by the Church of the Breth- 
ren. The meeting was one of the most pleasant which 
the Board has enjoyed, and it closed with the fond 
hope and conviction that there are great things in 
store for our people, if they labor together for the 
advancement of the Master's Kingdom. 


Truth Never Dies 

Truth never dies. The ages come and go; 

The mountains wear away; the seas retire; 
Destruction lays earth's mighty cities low; 

And empires, states and dynasties expire; 
But caught and handed onward by the wise, 
Truth never dies. 

Though unreceived and scoffed at through the years, 
Though made the butt of ridicule and jest, 

Though held aloft for mockery and jeers, 

Denied by those of transient power possessed. 

Insulted by the insolence of lies, 
Truth never dies. 

It answers not, it does not take offense, 
But with a mighty silence bides its time, 

As some great cliff that braves the elements 
And lifts through all the storm its head sublime. 

It ever stands, uplifted by the wise, 
And never dies. 

As rests the Sphinx amid Egyptian sands, 

As looms on high the snowy peak and crest, 
As. firm as rock-ribbed, stern Gibraltar stands 

So truth, unwearied, waits the era blest. 
When men shall turn to it with great surprise; 
Truth never dies. 

— Selected. 

Eclipsing Christ 


Paul knew from bitter experience that he could 
not be justified before God through trying to keep 
the law. It was that consciousness that made him 
trust in Christ all the more fully. This was also the 
experience of Luther, of John Wesley, of Charles 

Spurgeon and of others who confirm Paul's words in 
later times. 

Paul says that he preached to the Corinthians, " not 
in the wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should 
be made void." Another time Paul insisted: "If . 
righteousness is through law, then Christ died for 
nought." He would not make void the grace of God. 
When we read of the pleading of Jesus: " Father, if 
it be possible, let this cup pass from me," we conclude 
that the significance of Jesus, and our faith in him 
alone, dare not be eclipsed. 

Faith does not ignore works. It simply seeks to 
give them their true and natural place. The expres- 
sions of the Christian life are the outgoings of Christ's 
life. Our much praying, our almsgiving, our service, 
can never form the basis for our being accepted by 
God. One may attend to all the ordinances of the 
New Testament, as a ground of acceptance, and be 
disappointed. Salvation is primarily of Divine Grace 
alone. What we do is an expression, — and often a 
divinely-appointed means of expression, — of our ac- 
ceptance of the initiative grace of God in our salva- 
tion. When we begin to rest upon what we can do, 
in order to merit God's favor, we are entangled in an 
entirely different system than the Gospel. We put 
ourselves under obligations which we can never satis- 
factorily meet. Holiness unto God and love to man 
are the 'fruit of faith in Christ alone, as the Root of 
our peace. Listen to Paul once more: "I say unto 
you, that, if ye receive circumcision, Christ will profit 
you nothing. ... Ye are severed from Christ, 
ye who would be justified by the law; ye are fallen 
from grace. . . . For in Christ Jesus neither cir- 
cumcision availeth anything, nor uncircumcision; but 
faith working through love." 

Chicago, III. 

The Forward Movement in Education 

By D. W. Kurtz 

Chairman of the General Educational Board 

The Educational Board has set a goal toward 
which we ask the church to work with respect to 
Christian Education in our colleges. The goal that has 
been set is the minimum,— the very, least that is neces- 
sary to meet our needs. The more I study .the goal, 
the more I am convinced that it is too low, that it 
must be interpreted as a minimum, and that we should 
<*o as far beyond this " one mile " to the " second 
mile " as possible. 

The Forward Movement means a united effrrt on 
the part of the whole church to make progress; it is 
an effort to do those specific things that must be done 
in order to meet the needs of the church and the cause 
of the Kingdom. If we do not make progress, we 
are guilty of neglect, of burying our talents, and loss 
and ruin will inevitably result. Growth is the first 
law of life, and if we do not grow we shall die. Our 
colleges are under the oversight of the church, and they 
are largely owned and controlled by the church, but 
they must grow to meet the new needs of the church 
and humanity. 

The world must be made over, and no problem is 
settled until it is settled right. No problem is settled 
right unless it is settled in accordance with God's 
will. Hence the world must be Christianized. The 
work of missions and the Sunday-school depends ulti- 
mately upon the Christian college for trained leader- 
ship. The Christian college is absolutely essential to 
the missionary enterprise, and the spreading of the 
Kingdom of God, at home or abroad. There must be 
a forward movement in the colleges to make a for- 
ward movement elsewhere possible. 

The Christian college must train the leaders in 
Christian education, — our missionaries,, pastors and 
workers. They can not get this training in State in- 
stitutions where the specific study of the Bible and 
religion is forbidden. The Christian college must 
train for teachers, musicians, business men and wom- 
en, and give them a vision of Christian loyalty, else 

the church will fail. At present, at least half of the 
students in the colleges and normal schools of the 
United States are in State institutions, where training 
for religious leadership is impossible. The burden of 
the religious education of the world rests largely upon 
the church college. The church must see to it that 
the church college is able to meet the need. 

The Educational Board has set the following goal 
for a five-year program. This should be a minimum: 

1. Thirty-five hundred students enrolled, at least 60% 
of whom are pursuing regular college courses. 

2. $300,000 raised anually, for five years, for endowment. 

3. Ninety per cent of our students engaged in some 
form of regular Bible Study. 

4. Twenty per cent of our students looking toward a 
life of definite ChUstian Service. 

5. Fifty per cent of our college students dedicating their 
lives to the ministry or mission work. 

Let' us examine each of these statements for a 

The first item is: " Thirty-five hundred students en- 
rolled," would require an increase of a thousand over 
our present attendance. But there are at least two 
thousand Brethren, or children from Brethren homes, 
attending State schools and colleges of other denomi- 
nations. Then there are a great many who do not 
go to school at all, that should be encouraged, — even 
aided where necessary, — to attend the colleges of the 
church. " At least 60% pursuing regular college 
courses," — this would mean a very large increase over 
the present college enrollment. It would mean ex- 
actly three times as many in the college department as 
we had last year. But even then it is only 2.1% of 
the membership of the church, and that is surely not 
a large per cent to be in college, pursuing work of 
college grade. The facts are, we have the young 
people, and the money, and the colleges. What we 
need is the vision, the loyalty, the spirit of sacrifice to 
get them into our own colleges, where they can be 
trained for higher service. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1919 

The second point is : " $300,000 raised annually for 
five years for endowment." We have ten institutes. 
That means an average of $30,000 for each mst,tu- 
tion per year for five years, or an average of $150 UUU 
added to the present endowment of each college. 1 here 
is not a single college president but will adm.t that this 
is very low— die absolute minimum for efficiency hve 
years hence, and this should be greatly " oversub- 
scribed " The law demands a minimum of $Z00,UUU 
endowment for a standard college. A few of our col- 
leges have reached this minimum. But this does not 
spell " efficiency " five years hence, with the world to 
be Christianized, and a Christian democracy to be 
created. Until our colleges have reached this mini- 
mum, they are not colleges at all. The church must be 
dead if she is satisfied with this minimum. We must 
be efficient, and grow 'to meet the growing needs of 
the church and the world. 

The third point is : " Ninety per cent of the students 
engaged in regular Bible Study." There are always 
some " special " students of music or business, etc., 
who can not be induced to take Bible courses. It is 
already an almost universal custom of our colleges 
not to grant a diploma in either the academy or col- 
lege department without some Bible Study. This is 
commendable. We wish to urge an increase in this 
direction. We believe that the church college, that 
gets its money from the church people, has no right to 
eiTst unless religious education is the primary motive 
of the college. Bible Study is essential for culture, 
for religion and for democracy. All the regular stu- 
dents should study the Bible in classes for credit. This 
does not refer to the group studies under the auspices 
of the Y, M. C. A. and the Y. W. C. A. These asso- 
ciations are doing a great work. But the goal referred 
to has in mind the required work for graduation. 

The fourth point is: " Twenty per cent of the stu- 
dents looking toward a life of definite Christian serv- 
ice." This has reference to that large number of 
Sunday-school teachers and officers that are needed, 
to the social settlement workers, Red Cross, etc., that 
are in every sense in Christian service, but not all of 
whom are in the class of ministers and missionaries. 
This, again, is too low, especially if nothing more 
would be meant thnn the old type of Sunday-school 
teacher that met his class on Sunday, but never thought 
of them through the week. We must raise up an army 
-'' of laymen who are, first of all, Christians, who will- 
ingly dedicate their lives to Christian service of a 
high order. The church college must give these people 
the vision and training for the various fields of op- 
portunity that are open everywhere. 

The fifth point is : " Fifty per cent of our college 
graduates dedicating their lives to the ministry or mis- 
sion work." Of course there have been many classes 
in the past that have done better than this. There 
have been classes where every member has either been 
a minister, a missionary, or the wife of a minister. 
Where graduating classes are small; this often hap- 
pens. The past record of the Brethren colleges is most 
excellent. An investigation, a few years ago, showed 
that 45% of all the graduates of Brethren cdlleges 
are either in the work of the ministry or on the mis- 

/(ion field. But the experience of other schools shows 
[hat a very small per cent enter this field of service. 
In some institutions less than 2% of the graduates 
enter the ministry. Our contention is that the church 
school must furnish the ministers and missionaries for 
the future, and it is not too much to ask, upon a larger 
enrollment, that 50% of the graduates, who will con- 
stitute about one-third of one per cent of the church, 
should give their lives wholly to the cause of the 
church. If the church college does not furnish these 
leaders, they will not be forthcoming, and the cause 1 of 
Christ will suffer. 

The goal that has been set for the forward move- 
ment during the next five years is necessary and pos- 
sible. It can be done if the whole church wants it 
done. Much more can be done and ought to be done. 
These are the least possible to make us efficient for 
the task laid upon us by our Lord. Will we be faith- 
ful ? 

\fcPherson, Kans. 

Christ's Wisdom in Answering Questions 


Christ constantly met with inquirers, some of whom 
were sincere, while others were insincere. At times 
they sought to tempt Jesus, or to catch him in his 

Proposition I— Christ anszoered all sincere seek- 
ers definitely and with care. Matt. 19 records the 
circumstance of a young ruler who came to Jesus, in- 
quiring the way of eternal life. The evidences were 
that he was sincere, because: (1) His haste,—" came 
running." (2) His meekness,—" he kneeled to him." 
(3) "Jesus beholding him loved him." Jesus quietly 
quoted the commandments, for they in faith then, as 
now, are the means of salvation, " for Christ is the 
author of salvation to all them that obey him." But 
this young man, like many today, yet doubted his re- 
ligion ; hence, he further inquires : " What lack 1 yet?" 
He found out that he had not made sufficient distri- 
bution of his goods to the poor. Christ gave this 
seeker the needed information. 

Proposition II.— Christ answered all insincere 
querists with an evasive answer, or led them to answer 
their own query. In Luke 13 we have one inquiring: 
" Lord, are there few that be saved? " The question 
was irrelevant and insincere. And Jesus passes him 
by with this needed information: " Strive to enter in 
at the strait gate ; for many, I say unto you, will seek- 
to enter in and shall not be able." This was an 
evasive answer and bore marks of reproof. Luke 10 
records the circumstance of a certain lawyer who 
came to Jesus, seeking the way of eternal life. As he 
came, tempting Jesus, he was insincere. Jesus quietly 
had him to answer his own question by quoting the 
law. To this Jesus replied: "Thou hast answered 
right. This do, and thou shalt live." This was fol- 
lowed by a second question : " Who is ray neighbor? " 
Jesus answers by relating the circumstance of a man 
who was robbed and injured on the road from Je- 
rusalem to Jericho. A priest came that way and then 
a Levite, but they each " passed by on the other side." 
But a Samaritan came that way and administered 
to his needs. Now, says Jesus, " Who was neighbor 
to him that fell among thieves ? " The lawyer 
answered: "He that shewed him mercy." Jesus re- 
plied :" Go, and do thou likewise." Hence this lawyer, 
being insincere, met with defeat by being quietly led 
to answer his own. question. On this Solomon once 
says : " Answer a fool according to his folly." 

Proposition III. — Christ, in explaining or teaching 
a doctrine, did it so clearly that he left no grounds for 
misunderstanding or division of sentiment. The law- 
yer, referred to in the foregoing, had no trouble to 
understand Christ as the means of eternal life, after 
he had quoted the Scriptures to which Christ referred. 
And the matter, as to who w r as his neighbor, he had 
equally clear after Christ had explained it to him. 
Any child in the fourth grade of common school 
could have safely answered Christ's ^questions. And 
I take pleasure in reciting the facts that Christ's teach- 
ing, relating to faith and practice, were all that plain, — 
so much so that we are all to speak the same thing. 
We are represented as being framed, builded, joined 
and knit together, without divisions. Christ's body is 
a corporate entity, and as such can not be divided. 
When Christ came to Peter with a basin and towel, 
Peter made some inquiry. To this Christ replied : 
" What I do thou knowest not now, but thou shalt 
know hereafter." After Christ had given them the 
example of the service desired, telling them what, and 
showing them how, there were no grounds left for a 
misunderstanding, and there are no grounds for a mis- 
understanding now/ I venture the statement that 
every minister in the land, with myself, understands 
that Christ, in the communion service, washed his 
disciples' feet, and ate a meal with the twelve. After 
that he gave them his body and blood, in the symbols 
of the loaf and fruit of the vine. These were given 
after supper. While they can not help but understand 
alike what Christ said and did, they do not believe 
the record, hence dismiss it at pleasure, and do other- 
wise. The ancient priests were to make fringes upon 
the borders of their garments, and upon those fringes 

was to be a ribbon of blue. On this point there could 
be no misunderstanding. Under the Gospel we are 
forbidden to wear gold. There can be no misunder- 
standing in this clear prohibition. Many, however, 
baptized by trine immersion, wear gold, — not because 
they can not understand the Scriptural teaching, but 
because they don't believe the Divine Record. Hence 
those who wear gold, — however trivial it may seem to 
them under the wayward teaching received, — inevitably 
stand as violators of the Divine Statute. " For who- 
soever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one 
point, he is guilty of all."' ■ 

Gr'ecnvillc, Ohio: 

" Mere- Worm " Christians 


You have met and talked with them. In their 
public prayers, they who thus exercise have about the 
same series of expressions each time, and usually des- 
ignate themselyes.^nd every one about them, as " mere 
worms of' the dust," and their lives, in too many in- 
stances, are in perfect accord with their characteri- 
zation. The description is not poetical with them, 
but in contrast with their privileges is all too real. 
They live on the husks of Christianity and never bite 
deep enough to get a mouthful of golden grain. They 
may not be prodigal sons in a far country, but they 
are as far from intimate fellowship with the Father 
as if they were not in their Father's house at all. They 
dwell on the formal and external, look pious after their 
ideals of outward righteousness, and find fault with 
those who have a feast of good things at the Gracious 
Hand of the same Father. They insist that worship 
must be " at Jerusalem," but do not realize that it 
" must be in spirit and in truth." 

They are always dwelling on their sins, cares and 
difficulties. Once, a long time ago, they went to the 
cross with their guilt, and had a most joyous forgive- 
ness. They saw into the Kingdom of heaven (John 3: 
3), "but they have long since lapsed, and their eyes, 
thoughts, and all, are centered upon their wretched 
self. They never rise above their troubles, trials and 
shortcomings any more. 

Now this is not the way the Lord would have Chris- 
tians live. He meant for us to be " meek and inherit 
the earth " (Matt. 5 : 5), but he did not mean that we 
should think or call ourselves " mere worms." We 
might have been justly characterized as such before 
we put on Christ Jesus, but we, who have been " buried 
with Christ in baptism " (Rom. 6:4), are not expected 
to remain in our former condition even in our own 
estimation. " Like as Christ was raised up from the 
dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should 
walk in newness of life." Christians are called " sons 
and daughters," " priests," and such other noble, glori- 
fied terms. 

In our new life we have no more right to think 
meanly of ourselves than we would be able to think 
thus of our Lord. Can the " Elder Brother " be 
pleased when the adopted sons and daughters think of 
themselves as " mere worms " ? Never! 

Nature teaches us better than this. After the long 
winter, — the very symbol of death, — has passed, na- 
ture puts forth her bursting bud and unfolding leaf. 
All nature takes on the delicate and pleasing hue of 
fresh new green. Delighted and buoyed up, we ex- 
claim: "New life." The caterpillar goes forth in its 
groveling estate as a " mere worm." Who enjoys 
looking at it? One day, however, from that chrys- 
alis comes a butterfly, with wings large, bright and 
beautiful ! Spreading them, it soars off towards 
heaven, — the very expression of liberty and joy ! This, 
too, is the new life. What stranger and more un- 
natural thing could happen than that the butterfly 
should crawl along as its former self, the " mere 
worm," did ! 

The privilege of rising to things above is not only 
freely given to each one, but we are urged to live in 
the upper currents of God's love and goodness. "If 
[or perhaps more accurately, since] then ye were 
raised together with Christ, seek the things which are 
above" (Col. 3:1). Christ's death set us free from 
the bondage and slavery of sin, and the responsibility 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1919 

' that we " seek 




is all the more upon us, since " risen 
those things which are above." 

A sacred writer says : " Man's ways are not God's 
ways," and that may account for the former con- 
stantly puttihg things backwards, from the way the 
Father would have them. Had man written, he would 
have said : " Seek the things that are above, so that we 
may rise with Christ." Man places obedience first 
and reward last, while the largeness of the All-Father 
heart places blessing and reward first, and obedience 
to follow.because of it. What joyous obedience it is, 
that is the outgrowth of gratitude for salvation freely 
given ! 

Hence it is not by seeking heavenly things that we 
attain to the risen life. By " reckoning ourselves to 
be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God " (Rom. 
6: 11), we place ourselves, through faith, on the right 
side of the cross, and free from the power of sin and 
corruption. Thereby we walk in the newness of life. 
Why did Christ die? Did he 'endure the cross and 
despise the shame, in order that we might grovel on 
earth as " mere worms,"— full of the corruption of 
hidden sin, and with hearts foul and evil? Is it in- 
tended that we should fix our hearts and fill our lives 
with the pleasures and gains of this world, seeking its 
riches and glories, ease and comforts? Did our Lord 
deprive himself of home, fill his life with hardship, 
toil and suffering that we might forget all these, and 
struggle for wealth as so many do who live and act like 
" mere worms " ? Did Christ die as a malefactor 
""despised and rejected of men " (Isa. 53: 3), to teach 
us to hold a good name among men, to dally and com- 
promise with sin, with greed, with gain, with power, 
so that we might hold position and distinction r 
' What a disappointed Savior he must be when he 
beholds those who outwardly died unto sin through 
baptism, still clinging to earth's tinsel and trash, fear- 
ing the censure of men, and compromising, in every 
way, their convictions concerning eternal things, neg- 
lecting the " infinitely weightier realities of eternity, 
and souls, and God " ! At any rate, how really disap- 
pointed the Father has a right to be over these " bere- 
wgrm" Christians, these so-called followers of his 
who never show the power of the resurrection in their 
lives ! Men of the world launch some new business 
enterprise.' They put a lot of money into it because 
they expect good returns. What is their keen disap- 
pointment if the returns should not come! 

The Heavenly Father, nearly two thousand years 
ago, launched a great salvation scheme for the world, 
and' put all the capital of heaven (John 3: 16) into it. 
He thrust forth from heaven its greatest Treasure to 
redeem sinful man. 

" I gave my life for thee, 
What hast thou given to me? " 
What return of love are we giving the Father for 
his investment in our salvation? "Mere-worm" 
Christians surely are not giving anything in return, for 
they are not walking in " newness of life." They fail 
to have " fellowship with God " (1 John 1 : 3, 7), vic- 
tory over sin (Rom. (y. 17), and joy in service, and 
until these are found, the Savior is not, can not be 
satisfied with the travail of his soul on Calvary (Isa. 
53: 11). 

Ah, my brother and sister, as long as we cling to 
earth,' chained to its temptations, and fouled with sin's 
bondage and filth, burdened and weighed down by its 
anxieties, cares and fears, perhaps laboring in all out- 
ward appearances for the Master, but finding none of 
the joys of success in his Name, we may be sure we 
are still in the worm stage, rather than in the butterfly 
life How much better it would be, were we who live 
on the resurrection side of the cross, to know that the 
Master is on the shore, watching and sympathizing and 
inspiring, while we are trusting him for the breakfast 
of life's great, eternal day (John 21 : 4ft.) I 

Because Jesus is our Lord, and we have risen with 
him every day should have newness of life,— new in- 
spiration, a new uplift, new revealings of hope, a new 
wave of comfort to roll over our little world, a new 
assurance that the bars of death are broken and the 
grave no longer is victorious. , 

This victorious new life should bear its constant 
message in our lives as 

" In Christ I touch the hand of God, 

From his pure height reached down, 
, By blessed ways before untrod, 
To lift us to our crown; 
Victory that only perfect is 
Through loving sacrifice, like his." 

— Lucy Larcon 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

■ » ■ 

Conquered by Kindness 

2 Kings 6: 8-23 


In all the history of the north ten tribes of Israel, 
from the division of the Kingdom to the carrying 
away into captivity by Assyria, not ^one righteous 
king is mentioned. This fact is disappointing. 

Occasionally, however, there was a king who re- 
sponded to right sufficiently to open the way for God 
in a measure to manifest his power. Meager though 
these responses were, still through them we have re- 
ceived some most important lessons. It is impossible 
for us to conceive what a glorious history might have 
been Israel's had her rulers given God a chance to 
perform all his desire. 
■ Syria's Invasion 

It was likely under the reign of Jehoram, though 
his name is not mentioned in direct connection with 
the narrative. Syria was a nation to the northeast, 
which for years had been a constant menace to the 
north ten tribes. 

At this time they were waging war against Israel, 
and time after time had laid their plans to trap and 
capture Israel's king. In each case they had failed, 
and their leader was convinced that somewhere was 
one who was acting as a spy for the enemy. 

He called a council of his men, and demanded the 
identity of the traitor. In explanation he was told 
of the work of Elisha, the prophet, who was in- 
forming the king of Israel of the very words spoken 
in secret. This so enraged the Syrian king that he de- 
termined to take the prophet at any cost. 
Led into a Trap 
Elisha was in Dothan, and in the morning, when his 
servant arose, he saw a host of Syrian horses and 
chariots about the city. In his extremity he ex- 
claimed: "Alas, my master! how shall we do?" 

At the prayer of the prophet the servant's eyes 
were opened, and he saw the mountain full of the 
- horses and chariots of God, ready to protect. An- 
other prayer by the prophet, and the soldiers were 
smitten with blindness. 

Elisha promised to lead the army to the man they 
were seeking. They were in pursuit of the king of 
Israel, and hence were led to the capital city of Sa- 

The prophet was working in close touch with Je- 
hovah, and prayed that the men he had led might now 
be permitted to see. Their eyer were opened, and 
they found themselves in the very presence' of the 
king of Israel, but absolutely at his mercy. 
Coals of Fire 
It was the opportunity for Israel's king, and in his 
impatient haste and intense zeal he broke forth : " My 
father, shall I smite them? shall I smite them?" 
Scarcely could he restrain himself until he received 
the reply. 

The prophet, however, forbade violence, and called 
attention to the fact that captives taken in battle 
would not be killed. " Set bread and water before 
them," were the instructions, " that they may eat and 
drink, and go to their master." 

Years before, the wise proverb writer had given 
good advice applicable to such circumstances: 
" If thine enemy be hungry, give him bread to eat; 
And if he be thirsty, give him water to dnnk: 
For thou wilt heap coals of fire upon his head, 
And Jehovah will reward thee." 

— Prov. 25: 21, 22. 

Whether Elisha had those words in mind or not, his 
instructions were in perfect accord. ^ 
There was great provision prepared, and the hun- 

gry Syrian captives were banqueted as the guests 
of their captors. They were set free, and returned 
to their leader with a hitherto-unheard-of report. As 
far 'as that case was concerned we are told that " the 
bands of the Syrians came no more into the land 
of Israel," — conquered by kindness. 
A Modern Example 
This same principle has been tested even in mod- 
ern times, and has not been found wanting. The story 
has been often told of a Quaker family who lived in 
a small settlement in Cincinnati, respected by all who 
came into contact with them. 

War broke out between the. whites and the red 
men, and all fled to the forts for safety except this 
Friend and his family. Their decision was to remain 
and put into practice their principle of good will to 
all men. They did not even provide themselves with 
weapons. Though ridiculed and derided, they were 
firm in their purpose. In earnest prayer they trusted 
all to God, and in turn experienced a strong assur- 
ance of security. 

The Indians came through the country, plundering 
and destroying. They approached the cabin in war- 
like fashion, but were met by the Quaker who, with 
outstretched hands, greeted them in a most friendly 
manner. They entered the house and searched for 
arms. Finding none, they made signs of hunger. 
They were fed, and treated with all kindness. 

Immediately they retired to the forest, seated them- 
selves in a ring and held a war Soon one 
arose from the circle, and advanced with a white 
feather in his hand. This he fixed above the door, 
the others signifying their approval, and all disap- 

Many times in those days the Indians advanced 
with shout and war-whoop, but seeing the feather they 
turned and left. Long afterwards they said: "We 
knew it was the house of a man of peace, and we did 
not touch it." Thus even the savage Indians were 
conquered by kindness. 

Other instances even more modern will be called 
to mind by many. Fortunate would it be today if all 
nations, rulers and all, could learn lessons from such 
men as Elisha, and could realize the great power of 
courtesy and kindness in converting enemies into 

Lanark, III. , , , 

What Next? 


Foil some years past we have been looking for- 
ward to the time when the world catastrophe would 
terminate, and when the nations would be called 
upon to readjust their policies, and direct their forces 
into reconstructive channels. 

That time has now come. Old regimes have been 
broken down, thrones have tottered and fallen, em- 
pires have crumbled, emperors, princes and kings have 
abdicated. Disorganization, collapse and destruction 
have been the leading features of the world's activi- 
ties. The spirit of unrest has given expression to 
the hitherto pent-up emotions, and suddenly the world 
has been thrown into a chaotic condition. Here and 
there a strong and steady hand has been uplifted, 
guiding and directing the swaying destinies of em- 
pires and of nations, passing some into oblivion and 
reconstructing others. Upon the whole, there will be 
a reorganizing and a rejuvenating of the activities 
of the whole world. Never since time began have 
there been such serious conditions on so large a scale 
in the affairs of men. 

It has not only affected the Governments of the 
world, but its influence is sweeping through the or- 
ganizations of the church, and is powerfully affecting 
the morale of the membership. 

We look with a hopeful eye to a better condition. 
\$e confidently expect that out of the broken frag- 
ments there will be erected a world democracy thai 
will gladden the hearts of all, and though the price 
be dreadful, we are already beginning to feel that the 
result will be worth the cost. 

But, after it is all over, will the men of the next 
(Continued on Page 12) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1919 


The second pc 
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Good-bye, Old Year 

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McPherson, K 

Good-bye, Old Year! You've brought us naught but sor- 
Naught but sorrow? Ah, when you were old, 
Athwart the darkened page, there fell 
A dash of joy, — a gleam of gold, — 
And nations yet unborn will hold 
You in remembrance for that hour. 

But, oh, the countless prayers that have been offered. 

The countless alms that have been proffered, 

The countless graves that hide the dead, 

The countless tears that have been shed, 

And cannon's roar and shot and shell, 

And all the dark despair of hell 

With pain and grief, and many a withered flower, 

Arc buried in your heart, — farewell! 

When you were young wc greeted you with joy and laugh- 
But yet there hung a shadow o'er our mirth. 
Perhaps you knew the hotter fires that flamed soon after 
Were being kindled at your birth. 
Perhaps you knew that hate and rage 
, So soon would mar the fair white page, — 
Ah, well, good-bye. Old Year, to you, 
We'll turn our faces toward the new. 

Good-bye! Of all the years, you've been the longest, 

If time be reckoned by our suffering and tears, • 

But with the tolling of the bells 

That marks your death, a joyous clangor tells 

Another year is born, and music swells upon the breeze. 

He brings a cheerful, smiting face; 

Upon his brow no shadow lies, 

No trace of sadness in his eyes. 

He brings the dawn of peace, a promise for the morrow, 

That brings to us a sweet release * 

From all our doubts and fears and sorrow. 

Old Year, no need to blush in shame, 
It may be your were not to blame 
That all the woe and all the tears 
And all the hate and greed of years, 
Should culminate within your breast, 
It may be ... it was . . . for the best. 
God knows, and future years will tell, 
But now wc gladly say, Farewell, 
Old Year, to you. 

And turn our faces toward the new. 
La Verne. Cal. 

"Whom Seek Ye?" 


There was something about this question that ter- 
rified men. When Christ saw the men looking around 
among the olive trees for some one, he said to them: 
" \\ horn seek ye? " They answered : " We seek Jesus 
of Nazareth." He replied: "I am he." There was 
something about his reply that terrified them, for 
they trembled and fell to the ground. 

Those hands that had wrought so many wonderful 
miracles, those hands that had often been raised to 
bless the disciples, were bound. It was then that 
Peter drew his sword, and cut off the ear of the high 
priest's servant. Jesus compassionately healed the 
wound at once. He would not let the man suffer. 
Christ did not come to earth to destroy life. He 
came to save fallen man. The Son of God was crucified 
at the hands of his rebellious creatures. He came 
to his own, and his own received him not. They chose 
a murderer, and crucified the Son of God. Thereby 
Satan became the god of this age (2 Cor. 4:4). 

What do the people of this twentieth century think? 
"Whom seek ye?" Are we not, like Judas, — more 
willing to sell Jesus than^to serve him? Judas went 
to the Sanhedrin and to the chief priests, saying unto 
them: "What will ye give me? . . . And they 
covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver." We 
hear Christian men and women say today: "That 
was a small amount." But how many, just now, are 
selling Christ for much less than Judas? There are 
millions of men and women today, professing to be 
followers of Christ, who are selling him for a little 
pleasure at the card table, at dances, at shows, theaters, 
^secret societies, clubs, baseball games, moving picture 
shows, or other worldly and popular amusements. 

Now, brethren, let us know nothing but Christ 

Jesus. Let the world see that we seek only him. Let 
tis face this tremendous crisis of the twentieth cen- 
tury with a decision to walk in the steps of those who 
followed our Lord by the way of the Cross. 

Having forsaken the world and entered another 
Kingdom, our concern should be for its purity and 
its development. We have a great task before us, to 
deal with the sin that is creeping into the church. We 
must teach and exhort and give loving admonitions. 
At times. Teproof should be resorted to, and some- 
times righteous indignation must be shown. Note 
the bold attitude of Jesus in the temple. Let us so 
live that the world can see whom we seek ! 
Gettysburg, Pa. 

My Inheritance 


I think we all know what an inheritance is. An in- 
heritance is something that is left to us by some one. 
In this life we may inherit a great many things. Some 
people inherit weak and feeble bodies; some, impaired 
minds; some, bad habits; some, criminal traits. On 
the other hand, some inherit an inclination to do and 
be good. 

Very much depends on the person who left us our 
inheritance. For example, look at Cain, who seemed 
to have inherited and fostered the worst traits of his 
parents, and slew his brother. Or look at Samuel, 
who had a good mother, and note his noble life. We 
could find many more, but time and space do not per- 

Then, too, very much depends on how we use our 
inheritance. We all know how the prodigal son, in 
Luke 15: 11, misused his inheritance. Very often 
this is the case, even today. 

Abraham inherited land. Solomon inherited the 
throne. You and I can inherit the Kingdom prepared 
for us, if we come to God, the Father, and become his 
sons (Matt. 25: 34). 

If we follow in the footsteps of our Elder Brother, 
Jesus, we shall inherit eternal life (Matt. 19: 29). 
Jesus said he was going to prepare a home for all who 
would love and serve him, a home of wondrous beauty, 
too grand for finite mind to picture, — a home where 
there isjio sickness, no pain, no tears, no sighing, no 
death or parting, and where a good-bye is never known, 
but where all is peace and joy, — not for a little while, 
as here below, but lasting throughout eternity. God 
said, through John, that the home above is one of light, 
where we will have no need of sun, moon, or stars; 
neither any other light, for Jesus is the Light of it. 
There will be no night there. This is the inheritance 
left me by my Heavenly Father. 

In conclusion, let me ask you to share this inherit- 
ance with me. Today, if you hear his voice, harden 
not your heart. Jesus says : " Come unto me and I will 
give you rest. And the Spirit and the bride say, 
Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And 
let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, 
let him* take the water of life freely." 

Greensbnrg, Pa, 

Thinking Seriously 


Great battles have been fought in Europe. Great 
battles have been fought in the bosoms of mothers 
who have given their sons. Great battles are to be 
fought around the Peace Table. And still greater 
battles are being fought behind closed doors, as men 
and women everywhere are analyzing their own hearts 
in relation to the problems of life. One striking re- 
sult of the war has been that men are thinking serious- 
ly. Serious thought means well-directed effort. 

In pre-war times many were spending their years 
as a tale that is told. At present we are counting the 
cost. We are reading the signs of the times. \Ve are 
taking. life seriously. Selfishness and personal aggran- 
dizement are being minimized. We are seeing great 
opportunities for service. We begin to see the Chris- 
tian religion in its right perspective. The brother- 
hood of man is being translated into new terms. The 
great doctrines of the Atonement, the Resurrection 

and the Second Coming of Chjist have been given new 

" As a man thinketh in his heart so is he," may be 
said of nations as well as of individuals. Grave think- 
ing comes as a result of being called upon to make the 
btg sacrifice. This old World has been trembling be- 
neath the sacrifice of life and blood. During the re- 
construction she must tremble beneath the great sac- 
rifice of national ambition on the one hand, and the 
feeding of a hungry world on the other. The task 
and responsibility, just ahead of us, will demand just 
as great sacrifice as during the war. The winning of 
the world for democracy and Jesus Christ means a 
great sacrifice for years to come. Keep the great need 
before you. The need can only be met by sacrifice. 
The people of the world will only make the sacrifice 
as they think seriously of the realities of life. The 
greatest battles are not fought on the battle-field. The 
greatest victories are not won in the open, but behind 
closed doors, in our moments of meditation and prayer, 
the greatest ^battles are fought. " Finally, brethren, 
whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are 
honorable, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever 
things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatso- 
ever things are of good report: if there be any virtue 
and if there be any praise, think on these things " 
(Philpp. 4: 8). 
Johnstown, Pa. 

God Himself Our Ground for Gratitude 


We have recently observed what Dr. James M. Lud- 
low calls " our annual time for saying grace at the 
table of eternal goodness," or Thanksgiving Day. The 
people throughout the land were, according to custom, 
invited by our President, in his Thanksgiving Procla- 
mation, " to cease upon that day from their ordinary 
occupations and in their several homes and places of 
worship to render thanks to God." 

The writer does not, for a moment, question that 
almost everybody made that day for themselves at 
least a bit extraordinary. But his writing, under the 
above caption, is prompted by the certain knowledge 
that some there are among us who, because outward 
circumstances have brought on adversity, have been 
and are still sincerely soliloquizing: "Where, poor 
soul of mine, is your ground for gratitude? " 

Many of us have not been nonplussed for a lack of 
conscious reasons for thanksgiving. Nay verily! If 
there has arisen a puzzling situation with us, it is, 
rather, in wonderment that our year's journey could 
be of such smooth traveling, and why we should be 
made the recipients of such a grand total of highly 
abounding favors.. We have had plenty to eat ; our 
tables are laden. There is meat in the larder and grain 
in the granary. We have had sufficient to wear, and 
of our substance there was some to spare. The family 
circle has remained unbroken, and there is no percep- 
tible languor because of sickness. Thanks be to God! 

Albeit, great as the afore-named blessings are, and 
as much as they ought to augment our thanksgiving, 
they are much dependent, nevertheless, on exterior con- 
ditions, and they constitute not the rock bottom reason 
for gratitude. If they did, then our writing would 
necessarily be without much encouragement for those 
of our comrades in life, whose traveling is rugged and 
who are poor in physical comforts. As it is, tri- 
umphant gratitude stretches like a glorious rainbow 
over the empty meal barrel, the bare table and the 
desolate home. Aye, it arches the vacant chair and 
the fresh mound in the white-capped city of the dead. 

In the realm of the invisible, it is fastened steadfast 
and sure on the ever-living and ever-loving God him- 

In a certain home, overseas, the mother was left 
alone, save for the presence of her little daughter. 
The husband and two sons had been snatched from 
her by the call of arms. At the outset, though, she 
resolved to be of good courage, and in the spirit of 
other mothers in her land she clothed herself, hoping 
that all would go well and that those she cherished 
would some day return. She would " keep the home 
fires burning." 




But One day, soon afterward, as this mother searched 
most carefully, almost breathlessly, the bulletin board 
of- casualties, she found sad news concerning a loved 
one. Tears flooded her eyes at the moment, and not 
until the surgings within had somewhat subsided, 
could she be sure. Yes, it was her son, — her first- 
born, — sacrificed ! For him she mourned, and as truly 
as did David for Absalom, though not for as long. 
The thought came to her aid that other mothers, many 
of them, were passing through this same valley of sor- 
row and sacrifice. She would be brave ! 

But a second time she passed into the valley. Again 
a son was numbered with the dead. Her passage 
through this second affliction was fraught with more 
difficulty, and she succeeded only partially in regain- 
ing her sorely-taxed fortitude. 

But all energies broke down at last, beneath the 
weight of a third bereavement. That which she feared 
had come upon her. The news that her loving hus- 
band, the mate of her own heart, had also given his life, 
completely overwhelmed her. No more would he 
write letters, nor would he ever return home. It left 
her broken-hearted. What had she to live for, or to 
be grateful for now? With such feelings of wretched- 
ness breaking in upon her life, she sank and sobbed 

Then it was that her little daughter, in childish 
sympathy, drew near, put her arms around her mother's 
neck, and gently asked : " Mama, is God dead? " Ah, 
that artless question was as if an angel had spoken 
to her. It was as cheering'to her grief-stricken soul 
as the sun's rays to one coming out of a dark room'. 
" No, child," she replied-, between ebbing sobs, " God 
is not dead. Your mama had forgotten that." A 
little child was leading, and when the mother looked 
beyond her just reasons for sorrow, she experienced 
a regenerated gratitude, founded on the Loving Al- 
mighty, in whom " we live, and move, and have our 

So may we learn, dear Lord, that, in the midst of 
whatever may befall us, we do not consider ourselves 
in a class exempt from thanksgiving or thanksliving. 
May we understand that, while some of us have fewer 
items to be thankful for than others, there is always, 
for all of us, the abiding basic reason for gratitude, — 
that of thyself ! 

South Bend, Ind. 

National or International 


Abraham was the father of a great and virile na- 
tion. God does not will that the descendants of a man 
of such marvelous moral and spiritual caliber should 
sink into oblivion in a decade. They are the salt of 
the earth. They do not only preserve, but they con- 
struct, — they build. They are the force that makes 
for righteousness and purity. It was this blood that 
flowed through the veins of the kings, seers and 
prophets of Israel, and culminated in that greatest of 
all prophets, — Jesus of Nazareth. On the hills and in 
the valleys of Mesopotamia the seed was sown that 
was to germinate, grow, blossom and ripen, and, even- 
tually, spread over all the earth. Abraham had the 
elements of an executive, a diplomat and prophet com- 
bined, the full stature of a king without a kingdom, a 
sojourner among a strange people, but respected and 
honored because of his open-hearted frankness, his 
unselfish devotion to right and square dealing. 

Witness the mutual agreement between him and 
Abimelech, — a sort of reciprocity, international or in- 
terracial in a straight business transaction. We have 
no evidence that the covenant was ever infringed upon 
or broken by either." Then, too, his kind but firm re- 
fusal to accept as a gift from Ephron a parcel of land 
in which to bury his wife, Sarah. " Set the price and 
I will pay thee," — a lofty sense of diplomacy and in- 
tegrity in his relation with aliens and strangers. It is 
said he was rich in shekels, but he must have been 
infinitely richer in a high moral sense of justice and 

His was a pastoral life. The wealth that came to 
him was by the slow process indigenous to that mode 

of life. There were no get-rich-quick schemes, no 
profiteering, no monopolizing to take advantage of the 
common people. Notably there are two forces that 
operate to disturb the national and international equi- 
librium, — physical and economic. The latter is the 
most dangerous because it is the most insidious, the 
most treacherous. It works under cover. It reaches 
out its thousand tentacles. It enslaves, crushes and 
mangles. It brooks no opposition. The world is its 
field. We talk glibly about military despotism; but the 
so-called business autocrat is more to be feared be- 
cause, he holds in his hand the instrument that can 
make for peace or create war. It is, however, general- 
ly held up under the camouflage of national prosperity. 

There is a persistent pleading, from some sources, 
for a more national solidarity. Is it a repetition of the 
Bismarck dream for a more united Germany, so we can 
dominate the physical and economic policies of the 
world? One of the principal causes of the late war 
was the mad and insane national spirit that had been 
woven into the woof and warp of Germany's social and 
-political life. Egotism and self-aggrandizement had 
so distorted her mind that she considered herself in- 
vincible before all the world. Now she lies torn and 
bleeding, — a sad spectacle and a lesson for us, — af- 
flicted with racial and national vanity. 

A certain critic says that Mr. Roosevelt's analogy is 
not correct when he puts the internationalist on a level 
with a " man who loves all other women as much as 
he does his wife." He says that " one may change 
his country as he does his city without shame." 'He 
gives this definition: "An internationalist is one who, 
while he loves his country; perceives that above all 
nations is humanity." And again: "The internation- 
alist must have a higher sense of honor than the mere 
nationalist, and not encourage any gain for his coun- 
try which means injustice or injury to the world." 

Fairfax. Va. 



Among the different standards and regulations, set 
up by our Government, none are of quite so much in- 
terest to the farmers of northern Minnesota, as those 
governing the grading of potatoes. There are two 
tests which they must pass before being classed as 
"U. S. standard grade number one." First the pota- 
toes must pass over a screen of the required mesh, to 
insure being of the specified size. Then they must 
be free from scab, cuts and other defects. Only five 
per cent may be defective in number one grade. Many 
farmers are losing much of their crop this season be- 
cause it' can not stand the test. 

As we watch the sorter at work, separating the num- 
ber one grade from the culls, we are reminded of an- 
other standard, long established, which concerns every 
kind and condition of the human race. When King 
Immanuel was here on earth, he set up a standard very 
similar to that by which the potatoes are tested. He 
expects us to reach a certain size in Christian growth 
and development. When the potatoes are screened, 
they use a different mesh for those of different 
growth, — one for long, slender varieties, another for 
the round. This is just Christ's plan, as outlined in the 
parable of the talents. Each must meet the test ac- 
cording to his individual powers. He knows what our 
strength is, and though we may deceive ourselves and 
our fellow-men by saying: "I can't,'' we can not de- 
ceive him. We must use the powers and talents he 
gives us, and he will select the screen on which to test 

But how about the scabby and defective ones? 
Christ's standard is more rigid than that of our Gov- 
ernment. They allow five per cent of defects. He 
says: "Be ye also perfect." "But," you say, "that 
is impossible. No one can be perfect." Listen! The 
farmer can not remove the scabs from his crop and 
make number one 'potatoes of them, but they can be 
taken to a mill and by the use of the proper machinery 
and processes, those apparently worthless potatoes can 
be converted into pure, white flour, fit' for human food. 
Their value is changed from forty cents to twelve 
dollars per hundred pounds. TJius Christ can take 

the undersized, scabby, sinsick, and altogether worth- 
less life and, by his regenerating power, convert it in- 
to one that is pure, noble and useful. 

How about it, unconverted soul ? Can you pass the 
test as grade number one? Has the disease of sin left 
its scabs on you? The blood of the Lamb can wash 
it whiter than the snow. Has the prick of Satan's 
fork left scars or open cuts on your life? The power 
of Christ can heal them and transform your entire 
being. Like the rejected potato you may be trans- 
formed into a new life, whose value is increased be- 
yond human comprehension. 

How about it, professing Christian? Can you pass 
over the screen? Can you stand the test of Christ's 
judgment? Can you meet the standard and pass as 
grade number one? 

Tenstrike, Minn. 


Suffer Attaint for tho Weekly Devotional Meet I tiff Or 
Prayorful, 1'rlvate Meditation. • 

What the Wonderful Book Means to Me 

Psa. 119: 18 
For Week Beginning January 12, 1919 

1. Introductory Thoughts.— (1) God's Word is the great 
treasure house of God's truth. (2) Only God can give us 
the spiritual vision essential to its understanding. (3) 
God will give vision in answer to believing prayer. 

2. Read the Bible Regularly.— Not neglecting any por- 
tion of the Sacred Word, it should be read regularly. 
Merely to read favorite portions of the Scriptures, to the 
exclusion of other parts, is a habit to be avoided. The 
whole Divine Volume is inspired, and by a thorough- 
going plan should be read regularly and thoroughly. But 
even to read the Bible thus is not enough. We must seek 
to become intimately and experimentally acquainted with 
the One whom the Scriptures reveal,— with the Blessed 
Jesus who died for our redemption. 

3. The Bible Is Food for Our Soul.— It should, in very 
truth, be the Christian's daily bread. As a child,— to grow 
in size and strength, — must have good food and plenty of 
it, so the Christian must feed plentifully upon God's Word. 
Moreover, he must come to the Bible with a relish. The 
Christian who does not find God's Word sweet to the 
taste, should ascertain the cause of his dislike. 

4. A Tonic for the Christian. — It will richly repay any 
one to become a reader of the Bible in the best sense of 
that term. If you are weak, the Bible will make you 
strong. If you' are ignorant, the Bible will build you up 
in the truth. If you are assailed by doubts and criticisms, 
the Bible will dispel them as the mists of the morning 
melt away before the sun in his splendor. Do you desire 
to know more about Christ, in whom are hid all the treas- 
ures of wisdom and knowledge, the Bible is the one place 
to seek for such wisdom. Is your earthly pilgrimage 
one of sore trials? Here you may draw near to Christ 
in the full assurance of faith, knowing that heaven on 
earth has begun for you. " Man shall not live by bread 
alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the 
mouth of God." 

5. The Key to Bible Knowledge. — It is quite certain that 
we can not attain to the understanding of the Scriptures 
by study or intellectual research only. Your first duty 
is to begin by prayer, entreating the Lord to grant you, 
of his great mercy, the true understanding of his Word. 
There is no other interpreter of this Word, as he himself 
has said: "They shall all be taught of God." Hope for 
nothing from yoqr own labors, from your own understand- 
ing. Trust solely in God and in the influence of his 
Spirit. Believe this with all your heart and act accord- 
ingly. / 

6. Why the Bible Is Often Neglected. — One reason why 
the Book of books is too often covered with dust, sadly 
testifying to our evident indifference to its sacred con- 
tents, is seen in the fact that we are too deeply absorbed 
in the ephemeral literature of the day. We stack our 
tables with papers, and magazines, and litter them with 
the latest books of the day, though we plead, all the while. 
for Bible study. The remedy is a simple one.. Take time 
to read the Bible, and. let the day's "literature" have the 
scraps of time. • 

7. Suggestive References.— David's testimony, Psa. 119: 
1-18. Early Jewish teaching, Deut. 6: 6-9. God's Word a 
delight, Psa. I: 1, 2. Excellency of the Lord's precepts, 
Psa. 19: 7-11. A shield, Prov. 30: 5. God's precepts 
eternal, Mark 13: 31. The Word helps our belief, John 
20: 31. Able to build us up, Acts 20: 32. That we might 
have hope, Rome 15: 4. For obedience, Rom. 16: 26. 
For our admonition, 1 Cor. 10: 11. The Word of God 
is not of man, Gal. 1:8. 11, 12. Rightly divide the Word, 
2 Tim. 2: IS. Give heed to the Word, Heb. 2: 1-3. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1919 


The second po 
five years for en> 
That means an 
tion per year fo 
added to the pre 
is not a single c< 
is very low, — th 
years hence, ai 
scribed." The 
endowment tor 
leges have read 
spell " efficienc) 
be Christianize 
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mum. they are i 
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be efficient, am 
the church and 
The third poi 
engaged in reg 
some " special 
who can not bi 
already an aln 
not to grant a 
lege departmen 
direction. We 
gets its money 
eiist unless rel 
y of the college, 
fur religion an 
dents should stj 
does not refer 
of the Y. M. C 
ciations are doi 
to has in mind 
The fourth 
dents looking 
ice." This ha: 
Sunday-school t 
to the social sett 
are in every sens 
whom are in the 
This, again, is.* 
would be meant 
teacher that met' 
of them through! 
'' of laymen whov 
ingly dedicate 
high order. Ti- 
the vision and 
portunity that \ 
The fifth po| 
graduates dedi 
sion work." C 
in the past ths 
have been class 
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Where graduat 
pens. The past 
excellent. An : 
that 457o of al 
are either in thj 

/sion field. But t 
that a very sma 
In some institu 
enter the minist- 
school must fun 
the future, and i 
enrollment, that 
stitute about oni 
should give the 
church. If the 
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Christ will suffer 
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ment during the 
sible. It can bj 
done. Much mi| 
These are the li 
the task laid upo 

McPherson, K 


Sunday-school Lesson, Pharaoh Oppresses Israel.— Ex. 

1. 1-14; 2: 1-25. 
Christian Workers' Meeting, Our Watchword for the 

New Year.— Matt. 1: 23b. 


One was recently baptized in the Brick church. Va. 

Two were recently baptized fu the White Oak church, 

One has been baptized ill the West Goshen church. Ind.. 
since the last report. 

Fifteen confessed Christ in the Eversole church, Ohio,— 
Bro. R. N. Leatherman, of Cincinnati, evangelist. 

Thirty-three confessed Christ in the church at Canton, 
111..— Bro. J. Edwin Jarboc. of Chicago, evangelist. 

One confessed Christ in the Wakarusa church, Ind., — 
Ero. John Appleman, of Nappanee, same State, evangelist. 

Four confessed Christ in the Beech Grove church, Ind., 
— Bro. Win, L. Hatcher, of Rossville, same State, evan- 

Nine confessed Christ in the Mechanicsburg house. 
Lower Cumberland church. Pa., — Bro. H. S. Gipe, of 
Hershey, Pa., evangelist. 

Three were baptized and one was restored in the Wash- 
ington City church. D. C— Bro. J. M. Henry, home 
minister, evangelist. 

Three were baptized and one restored to fellowship at 
the Crowson church, seven miles west of Lawrenceburg, 
Tenn.. — Bro. R. C. Edwards, of Jonesboro, same State, 

e\ angelist. 


Bro. J. Edwin Jarboe, of Chicago, to begin Jan. 5 in the 
Ottumwa church, Iowa. 

Bro. Chas. Bonsack, of New Windsor, Md., to begin 
Jan, 1 in the church at Nappanee, Ind. 

Bro. Stover Kulp, of New Enterprise. Pa., to begin about 
Feb. 1 in the Smithncld church, same State. 

Bro. Warren Slabaugh, of Wenatchee, Wash., to begin 
a Bible Institute about Jan. 1 in the East Wenatchee 
church, Wash.; Bro. Paul Mohlcr, of Minneapolis. Minn., 
will conduct a series of meetings at the same time. 


Bro. Wm, Bixler has changed his address from Ellet, 
Ohio, to R. D. 21. Box 44J4, East Akron, same State. 

Bro. S. M. Annon, formerly of R. D. 1, Box 18 A, Mont- 
rose, W. Va., should now be addressed at R. D. 1, Box 26, 
Thornton, same State. 

Bro. Hiram Forney, 555 W. Lincoln Avenue, Goshen, 
Ind., has arranged to give some time to evangelistic meet- 
ings this winter. Churches desiring his assistance in this 
work should communicate with him as soon as possible. 

From the Bridgewater College " Bulletin " we learn that 
Ero. Paul H. Bowman, of the college faculty, and for- 
merly President of Blue Ridge College, has been elected 
President of Bridgewater College, to succeed President 
John S. Flory, resigned. It has been known for some 
time, by his intimate friends, that Bro. Flory greatly 
desired to be relieved of the administrative duties -which 
he has so efficiently performed for the past ten years. In 
March, 1917, his resignation was tendered the Board of 
Trustees but declined. The Board has at length yielded 
to his insistence. Dr. Flory's future plans have not been 
announced, but the Board has urged him to remain with 
the college as head of the Department of English. Dr. 
Bowman, it appears, has not yet indicated his final accept- 
ance of the new responsibilities imposed upon him. mak- 
ing this contingent upon certain other matters. He has. 
however, consented to direct the impending campaign for 
the completion of the endowment fund.- 


The Olympia church. Wash., announces her love feast 
for Jan. 4. 

The Bible Institute at Sebring, Fla.. with Bro. A. C. 
Wieand in charge, is to begin on Monday morning. Feb. 
10, to continue two or more weeks. 

Important Notice.— The Bible Institute, which was 
planned to be held at Elizabethtown College Jan. 10-17, 
has been recalled on account of the uncertain health con- 
ditions at Elizabethtown and surrounding communities — 
H. K. Ober. 

The Salem church, N. Dak., has demonstrated the prac- 
ticability of setting apart a certain number of acres for 
the use of the church, farming it to the best advantage, and 
then devoting the net proceeds to religious purposes. The 
eighty acres, thus utilized, yielded a net profit of $914. 
Here is a plan that, in some of the country congregations, 
at least, might be made to work most admirably. It 

would afford an opportunity for a united effort, truly 
worth while. 

"I believe it is your good pleasure to assist freely in 
the finances of the church as the Lord has prospered 
you," says a recent pastoral letter, among other good 
things. Is that your " good pleasure"? Some Christians 
do not enjoy this part of their church life. > 

The Loramie church, Ohio, will be in a position to era- 
'ploy a pastor after March 1, 1919. The present incum- 
bent, Bro. Ira H, Frantz, has resigned from that work, 
expecting to take up pastoral duties in Kansas, his old 
home. Any minister who may feel like assuming the 
pastorate of the church above named, may address Bro. 
L. C. McCorkle, Dawson, Ohio. 

A brother, while referring to the activities of an eastern 
congregation, says: "The Local Missionary Committee is 
creating some very favorable sentiment for home mis- 
sions." The incidental remark of the brother calls atten- 
tion to the' fact that a Local Missionary Committee has 
the opportunity of doing untold good by way of creating 
renewed interest and activity in missions, if it will but 
make the proper effort. In most congregations good 
leadership along right lines will do wonders, and this ap- 
plies in a special way to the cause of missions. 

The " Lebanon Report," a newspaper published at Leba- 
non, Pa., had, in its issue for Dec. 23, a very interesting 
and considerate account of a baptismal service by the 
Brethren in that city, on the previous Sunday. The pool 
in the Baptist Church was used for the occasion, by the 
courtesy of the Baptist people. The paper quotes, at some 
length, remarks made by Bro. J. G. Francis in explana- 
tion of the face-forward, threefold action practiced by the 
Brethren. The whole account is written in a sympathetic 
spirit and describes the service as very impressive. 

Vital religious belief is not a something that is manu- 
factured by teachers or ministers. It is born in the hearts 
of men. Some men say: " I believe in religion but I 
don't believe in the church." The fact remains that they 
can not have real religion without organization. True re- 
ligion is a social force. No man can be religious alone. 
There must be the dual relationship to God and to man. 
The church is man's expression of his religious life and in- 
stincts. It is the organization, instituted by Divine 
Authority, to permit man to serve best, for true religion 
means service. We must not forget that man's greatest 
need is spiritual, and that the church is the organization 
which has been created to satisfy this need. This, of it- 
self, justifies the existence of the church." In order to 
fulfill its Heaven-ordained purpose, the church must direct 
religion so that it will be of social value. It is the busi- 
ness of the church' to save souls, — not merely those of its 
own immediate narrow circle, but those of the great 
world field. 

The following words, taken from resolutions adopted 
Dec. 12 by the Executive Committee of the Federal Council 
of the Churches of Christ in America, will surely meet 
with a hearty response among all readers of the " Gospel 
Messenger": "In all our churches and Christian homes 
let us devoutly implore our Heavenly Father that his 
Spirit may guide the counselors at the Peace Conference 
to the end that with divine wisdom they may draft those 
common agreements and covenants for the nations by 
which justice and fair dealing may be secured in the in- 
stitutions and practices of international life. Let us pray 
that the nations with which we have been at war, in over- 
throwing their military autocracies, may not pass into 
atheistic anarchy. Let us pray that rulers and leaders 
may place-the welfare of the world above any private in- 
terest of individual or nation. Let us pray that God's 
Kingdom may come in the widest relations of men, and 
that his will may be done in all the earth, even as it is 
done in heaven." 

The Business of the Laity. — As we remember it, Chas. 
H. Spurgeon, the celebrated London clergyman, used to 
say that " it is the business of the preacher to fill the pul- 
pit, but that it is the business of the laity to fill the pews." 
The great preacher meant that every church member 
should attend services regularly, and should bring as many 
others as possible. There has never been such a thing as 
an empty church while all the laymembers did then- duty. 
The Church That Wins. — In last week's issue we sug- 
gested some questions on congregational efficiency. T,his 
wee1< w'e present an enumeration of some leading essen- 
tials that will enable the church to be a real power in the 
community: It must aim high, keep out of the ruts, and 
attempt large-sized tasks. It must send grumblers and 
persistent fault-finders to the rear, until they learn to co- 
operate with the workers. It must make much of the 
young people. — the future workers of the church. It 
must acquire the "handshaking habit." It must remem- 
ber the poor, as scripturally enjoined. It must build up a 
wide-awake midweek prayer meeting. It must circulate 
inspiring religious literature. It must inspire the shirkers 
to real service. It must do the Lord's business along 
business lines. It must secure the spiritual uplift of many 
family altars. It must be permeated by the spirit of 
heroic self-denial. It must spread the fervor of the 
'Amen corner " all over the meetinghouse. It must in- 

sist on the best things for the Sunday-school. It must 
forget the minister's shortcomings by a just appreciation 
of his faithful labors. It must illustrate Christian hos- 
pitaiity in its most exalted Scriptural sense. It must be 
loyal to the revivals as they come from year to year, but 
pastor and members must bear in mind that if this world 
is ever to be redeemed, it must be accomplished by the 
irresistible power of personal conquest. 

Adapting Church Methods to Present Day Needs. — Re- 
ports from churches everywhere seem to indicate that the 
new conditions, created at home and abroad by the late 
war, necessitate special adaptations in ways and means, 
in order that the spiritual needs of the masses may be 
adequately provided for. There has never been a time, 
perhaps, in the history of Christianity, that offered such 
marvelous opportunities for real service. While Gospel 
principles never change, methods may have to be modi- 
fied to render the mission of the church most effective. 

One of our eastern churches has launched out on a 
move of considerable significance. A transportation com- 
mittee has been appointed for the specific purpose of 
making sure that members without a conveyance are pro- 
vided with a way of getting to the love feast services. 
That is a splendid plan, so far as the love feast is con- 
cerned, but why not broaden out a little, to take in at 
least some of the other meetings? In some way the aged 
and infirm should be given an opportunity to be present 
at most of the sanctuary services. "Who can suggest a 
plan by which this most desirable result can be attained 
efficiently and systematically? We will be glad to publish 
any suggestion along the line above indicated. 

Elizabeth Fry's Rules. — The saintly character of this 
old-time Quaker lady has often been commented upon 
by her biographers. When asked, at one time, about 
some good resolutions for the new year, she suggested 
the following, which truly are well worth while: " (1) 
Never lose time. Do not 'think those hours lost which 
are spent in healthful recreation, but make it thy habit 
always to be usefully employed. (2) Never err the least 
in truth. (3) Never say an ill word about a person when 
thou canst say a good thing about him. Not only speak 
charitably, but feel so. (4) Never be irritable or unkind 
to anybody. Thou wilt be the one most injured. (5) 
Never indulge thyself in luxuries. Thou art the Lord's 
steward. (6) Do all things after prayerful consideration, 
and when thy path to act right is difficult, put confidence 
in the Supreme Power which alone is able to assist thee. 
Never forget, however, to exercise thine own powers as 
far as they go." 

One Way of Selecting a Pastor. — When a congrega- 
tion entrusts the tentative selection of a pastor to a com- 
mittee, it imposes a task of no slight magnitude.. To save 
disappointment later on, no one can find fault with a 
congregation because it wants to know all about a pastor 
before securing his services. It is the business of the 
committee to find out all it possibly can. This is the 
way one committee inquired of the people who had been 
given as references: 

" Give us a line on his personality in and out of the pulpit. 
What pnstorntes has lie had and their length? What family 
has he? His age and birthplace? His height and weight? 
What success has he had with young people, Sunday-school 
-and the men of his church? What are his views on missions? 
Does he love people better than books? Would lie be an in- 
spiration to young men and young women in their individual 
development? What is his type of preaching? Does he preach 
Christ or Emerson? What is the size of his present church, 
congregation. Sunday-school and young people's society? What 
are his weaknesses? Does he take any Interest in the finances 
of the church? What salary Is he getting? Does his wife In 
any way detract from his ability?" 

These questions may, perhaps,, cut fairly close tq the 
line of purely personal qualifications, and yet a fair and 
unbiased examination will reveal them to be of con- 
siderable significance. 

On the Threshold of the New Year.— As the Bystander 
writes these lines, the old year is drawing to a close. 
How very much like a strange dream it seems! How the 
shadows of the past rise before us to warn or to bless, as 
we who live traced our acts on the hard steel of memory's 
imperishable tablet! Over the land lies a mantle of snow, 
— white as the forgiveness of God,— teaching man the 
most beautiful of all lessons, that perfect love covers all 
failings. We say, " Happy New Year," and hope that our 
fervent wish may ! indeed be realized. We trust that 
brighter days may be in store for the world than those 
experienced in the year which has left on the heart so 
many and varied pictures of distress, death, sorrow and 
anguish. How many the changes one brief year has 
wrought!^ There are pictures on memory's tablet that 
each one may well recall. Who of us has been true to his 
vows, his promises, and all that is best and holiest? God 
only knows. The beautiful picture we began to paint one 
year ago is marred "by too many blots and blemishes. 
There is gloom where we meant to have radiance. There 
are tears where there should have been smiles. As we 
enter the portals of the new year, we may well take the 
forward look, and endeavor to make ii a year of better 
things. 8trive for the open-hearted liberality that lifts 
man to a higher plane, and gives abundant means to 
every phase of church activity! Let us go forth, to battle 
bravely with the problems of life, having more of God and 
less of selfishness in our hearts! 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1919 


The National Missionary Society of India 
The society named above has just issued its twelfth an- 
nual report. It is the primary object of this organiza- 
tion to evangelize those districts of India where no mis- 
sionary work of any sort is being carried on. Such an 
endeavor is most praiseworthy, as it takes care of many 
points that would otherwise be wholly neglected. At the 
present time fourteen native Indian missionaries are en- 
gaged most assiduously in this work. Three of these 
men are doctors, and all are well educated. Five addi- 
tional worfcSrs are being trained, and arrangements are be- 
ing made, still further to extend the activities of this 
most worthy movement. 

New Openings in China 
At this time 1,700 walled cities of China, as well as 
thousands of smaller centers and market towns are for 
the first time really open to the missionaries. According 
to a leading authority on Chinese affairs, this is due to 
a series of international events, which have caused Chi- 
nese leaders to realize the impotence of their traditional 
cults. Missionaries regard this as a strategic situation, 
offering a rare opportunity to reach people of the better 
class. Special efforts are being put forth to meet the 
issue at hand. While this involves the application of 
methods, differing from those hitherto employed, the best 
of hopes are entertained that many persons of influence 
in the community may be gained. 

Appalling Figures 
According to investigations of the Statistician of the 
Prudential Life Insurance Company, more than 500,000 
Americans have committed suicide since 1776. More 
suicides occur in the spring than during any other part 
of the year. Men are more prone to lay violent hands 
upon themselves than women. Between the years 1911 
and 1915 nearly 39,500 males and about 11,000 females 
died by their own hands. Regardless of the fact that 
self-destruction has become almost a daily occurrence in 
the large centers of population, the subject has received 
but little consideration from church or state. Sociol- 
ogists claim that most cases of suicide are due to the 
absolute lack of religious convictions, and a consequent 
disbelief in a hereafter. 

more than 1.200 miles through the country, the vital, 
immediate need of breadstuff s and fats is not to be 
doubted. (3) All Germans are united in a plea to Presi- 
dent Wilson and America, quickly to relieve the food 
situation, thus saving them from the peril of the Bol- ' 
shevists, whose influence may lead to a reign of terror- 

China Wants No Brewers' Invasion 
As might be expected, the reported decision of Ameri- 
can brewers, to exploit China, is arousing indignation 
which the press of that land is not slow in voicing. "We 
have no desire," we are told, "to drive out the opium 
fiend, only to usher in the drunken sot. Apparently the 
brewers think they must educate the Chinese to the de- 
lights of western bacchanalianism. Why do not the 
westerners come to teach us better manners than indulg- 
ing in opium, cigarets and intoxicants?" We trust that 
our great Washington Government will take steps by 
which trade expansion in China will be wholly barred, so 
far as a propaganda for the sale of intoxicants is con- 

Unseen Seed Sowing 
Not all the evidences of effective Christian teaching 
in India are Tevealed by missionary statistics. In the 
innermost recesses of many Hindu high caste homes the 
foundations for a new India are silently being laid. Nine- 
teen ladies in the house of a Brahman in Triplicane al- 
lowed Christian missionaries to hold prayer meetings. 
AtSnother point thirty ladies came from different points 
to hear the Bible read, and to sing Christian hymns. It 
should be remembered that not one of these ladies would 
dare to confess her faith publicly. Many are profoundly 
impressed, and fully determined to enter upon a life of 
perfect^ trust in Christ, but under present circumstances 
they simply can not. May we not hope that some day. 
these fettered ones will be given full freedom? 

* A Wise Factory Owner 
The Japanese owner of a spool silk factory, though not 
a Christian himself, has well-defined ideas as to con- 
genial influences for his workers. Requesting two mis- 
sionaries to give regular talks to his employes, he frankly 
admitted that he had no faith in Buddhism. Two priests 
of that cult had come once a week to talk to his workers, 
but the personal life of these men was even more ques- 
tionable than their preaching. He arranged with the 
mission workers for an hour's worship each evening, — to 
this end closing his factory an hour earlier, each day, 
than usual. His trust in the efficacy of the missionaries' 
efforts was fully justified. Greater industry and faithful- 
ness, as well as better morals were clearly* apparent. 
" Godliness is profitable in all things." 

The Uplift of the Filipino 
One of the most striking evidences of the marvelous 
transformation of a savage people, is seen in the present 
status of the Philippine Islands, as compared with their 
former estate. " Uncle Sam," strongly reinforced by the 
eyer faithful missionaries, has done wonders for the 
Filipinos. The excellent public school system has been 
a great power, and will do still more in the future. Im- 
proved methods of farming have been brought within 
reach of the native agriculturists, and the results so far 
attained are most gratifying. Religiously, also, much 
progress has been made. Though Protestant missionaries 
have labored on the islands only since the. United States 
has been in control, they are succeeding most admirably 
in arousing the natives to higher ideals. 

Authentic Information 
Immediately upon the signing of the Armistice, the 
publishers of the " Chicago Daily Tribune " took steps 
to secure first-hand information about actual conditions 
in Germany, by sending Mr. Frederick A. Smith, their 
representative, to Berlin and other points. After spend- 
ing several weeks in various parts of the country, Mr. 
Smith is giving his impressions in a series of articles. 
A few extracts from the first of these, just published, are 
given herewith: " (1) The revolution is complete and ap- 
parently genuine, — the great majority of the people seem- 
ingly having embraced spontaneously the chance to throw 
off the rulers and militaristic chiefs who plunged the 
empire into disaster. (2) Germany in general is suffer- 
ing grievously from the lack of food in unproductive dis- 
tricts. Influenza is causing a widespread increase in 
mortality on account of the lack of nourishing food, par- 
ticularly among women and infants. After traveling 

Hume Long, Secretary for the Colonies, will urge the 
British Government to prohibit the sale of liquor through- 
out the United Kingdom, though fully aware of the fact 
that it means the loss of millions in revenue. From 
France also comes the assurance that further prohibition 
measures will be added to those already in force. The 
people have seen the evils of alcoholism as never be- 
fore, and there will be no hesitancy in taking the neces- 
sary measures for safety. It took thirty years to evolve 
a bone-dry system of prohibition in Kansas, but since 
that Commonwealth has blazed the way, it will not take 
other States long to fall in line. Ratification of the 
Federal Prohibition Amendment by more than thirty- 
six States before May 1 will complete the job of making 
the United States bone-dry. 

Security That Can Not Be Questioned 
President Wilson, during his recent address at the Uni- 
versity of Paris, defined his conception of the League 
of Nations as a "moral force of men throughout the 
world," which would turn its "searchlight of conscience" 
upon any wrongdoing and aggression. " Just a little 
exposure will settle most questions," he declared. " If 
the Central Powers had dared to discuss the purposes of 
this war for a single fortnight, it never would have hap- 
pened. If, — as should have been done, — they had dis- 
cussed it for a year, the war would have been inconceiv- 
able. . . . There is a great swing of moral force 
moving through the world, and every man who opposes 
himself to that swing, must go down in disgrace. . . . 
My conception of the League of Nations is just this, 
that it shall operate as the organized moral force of men 
throughout the world." 

A Real Thank Offering 
We read, the other day, the touching account of the 
generosity of a sixteen-year-old native girl in Africa, 
who, in some way, had been won to Christ. Coming to 
the Lord's house on Christmas Day, she brought her of- 
fering, — it being the beautiful custom of the native Chris- 
tians to give their choicest gifts to Christ on that day. 
They are all poor, — a degree of poverty of which we 
know nothing. This girl, just saved out of heathenism, 
brought a coin worth eighty-five cents, — a large sum in 
that country. The missionary was about to refuse the 
gift, thinking that so large a coin could not have been 
obtained honestly. When asked about it, she explained 
very simply that, in order to give Christ an offering, she 
had gone to a neighboring planter and bound herself 
out to him for the rest of her life, that she might obtain 
the eighty-five cents. She had virtually brought the 
whole financial equivalent of her life of pledged service, 
and laid it down in a single gift at the feet of her Lord. 

No Reason to Feel Discouraged 
Many things contributed towards making the observ- 
ance of the recent Christmas season especially joyous, 
but a factor of special significance was an announcement 
by the national prohibition workers. Basing their pre- 
diction on evidence not to be questioned, we are assured 
that by May 1 the Prohibition Amendment to the Federal 
Constitution will have been ratified by the necessary 
"three-fourths" of the States. A survey of the pro- 
hibition situation reveals the fact that fifteen States have 
so far approved the Amendment. Thirty other States, 
whose Legislatures will meet this month, will be sure to 
adopt it. Colorado went bone-dry recently. Dec. 16 the 
State of Nevada made the same choice. New Year's Day, 
1919, will ever be remembered by the people of Florida, 
as marking their adoption of a prohibition regime. Ohio 
will go dry May 27, 1919. Wyoming will enter the pro- 
hibition ranks Jan. 1, 1920. The old Acme Brewery, at 
Macon, Ga„ is now packing millions of dollars' worth of 
meat, instead of bottling thousands of gallons of " tangle- 
foot." It has quit the business of starving families, and 
gone to work to feed a hungry world. Most encouraging, 
also, is the recent report from England, that Walter 

Gospel Opportunities in Persia 

Since the recent favorable turn of events, Persians no 
longer fear to be heard talking about Christ. Many may 
be seen reading their Bibles in public, with, an evident 
relish. In both the town and country districts there is 
a constantly increasing friendliness towards the Gospel. 
Whatever may be the trend of affairs in Persia in com- 
ing days, one thing is sure, — western influences, includ- 
ing the best of religious impulses, are gaining ground. 
Hereafter, Persia will not be left to her own devices, 
Unhclped, she can do very little, but assisted in the 
best utilization of her unexplored resources, she may be- 
come prosperous herself, and also be of value to other 
nations. Here is an opportunity for helpful, considerate 
service, in order that the best things possible may be 

done for Persia. 

Palestine Expresses Its Thankfulness 

A cablegram from Palestine was received Dec. 26, by 
the "American Committee for Relief in the Near East." 
Profound gratitude is shown in that message by the peo- 
ple of Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Nazareth and other points, 
toward the Sunday-schools of America for the substantial 
relief so heartily bestowed, and they do not hesitate to 
express their thorough appreciation of the unstinted as- 
sistance thus given. General Allenby, in command of 
the British forces, sent Christmas greetings " to every 
scholar, teacher, and oflioer, thanking them for last year's 
offering, instead of giving each other presents." The 
cablegram was sent by representatives of the American 
Committee in Cairo. It demonstrates clearly that the 
beneficence of the American Sunday-schools is being 

worthily bestowed. 

Leading Peace Principles Found Acceptable 

After enthusiastic receptions at various points in 
France, President Wilson has proceeded to London 
where, Dec. 26, he was welcomed with regal splendor. 
Recent utterances by our Chief Executive give rise to 
the hope that the American chart of peace is acceptable 
to all the nations concerned, — this having reference to 
the President's much discussed "fourteen points." He 
has not found, among the great leaders, any dissatisfac- 
tion with the leading principles or fundamental purposes 
proposed by him. Apparently, therefore, the various con- 
the last ten days, have not been without 
It is admitted, however, in conference 
bard work still ahead is not on principles, 
but in the defining of their concrete form, and in the de- 
termining of the details of their application in the Peace 


Coming Events in Palestine 

Unusual interest is being manifested in the proposal to 
reestablish the Jews in the land of their ancient heritage, 
bestowed upon them nearly four thousand years ago by 
God himself. One thing is sure, — the future of Pales- 
tine will be closely affiliated with the future of the 
Jewish people. A revived Hebrew nationality in the 
Land of Promise is sure to have a most pronounce'' 
moral effect-on the whole world. Such is the consensus 
of opinion, not only of the Jew. themselves, but of all 
intelligent people in general, l^ord Robert Cecil, Brit- 
ish Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs, declares that 
" the reestablishment of the Jewish nation in Palestine 
is bound to have a far-reaching influence on the history 
of the world." Another British statesman. Col. Sir 
Mark Sykes, maintains that " Palestine will ere long be 
the center of ideals radiating to every country." This, 
however, suggests a question which those, particularly 
concerned in Israel's spiritual, welfare, and in the spread 
of the knowledge of Christ among the nations, must ask 
themselves: "What will be the nature of the great in- 
tellectual and moral force which will center in Palestine 
with the regatbering of the Jews, and which is bound 
' tn radiate to every country'?" Will it be for good or 
for evil? Will it help to establish God's Kingdom on 
earth, or will it rather retard or hinder it? It must be 
conceded that, according to leading writers, the immedi- 
ate outlook is not very bright, for we must admit that 
the spirit of this reviving Jewish nationality is in its 
essence anti-Christian. Not until the day when " the 
Spirit of Grace and Illumination is poured out upon them, 
and the veil is removed from their eyes," will they 
recflgnize Jesus as their mighty Redeemer and King. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1919 

The second poj 
tn e years for ettj 

That means an' 
tion per year fo 
added to the pre 
is not a single o 
is very low, — ti' 
years hence, a: 
scribed." The 
endowment for 
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the church and 
The third po 
engaged in reg 
some " special 
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whom are in t 
This, again, isj 
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a st) 

pr ' 

of laymen who 
ingly dedicate 
high order. Tl 
the vision and 
portunity that \ 
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in the past ths 
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Where graduat 
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excellent. An 
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the future, an> 
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church. If the 
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These are the 1 
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McPherson, K 

I Shall Not Pass This Way Again 

I shall not pass this way againl 

The thought is full of sorrow; 
The good I ought to do today, 

I. may not do tomorrow. 
If I this moment should withhold 

The help I might be giving, 
Some soul may die, and I shall lose 

The sweetest joy of living. 
The present hour alone is mine; 

I may not have another 
In which to speak a kindly word, 

Or help a fallen brother. 
The path of life lies straight ahead; 

I can retrace it never; 
The daily record which I make 

Will stand unchanged forever. 
To cheer and comfort other souls, 

And make their pathway brighter; 
To lift the load from other hearts, 

And make their burdens lighter,— 
This is the work wc have 1 to do; 

It must not be neglected; 
That we improve each passing hour 

Is of us all expected. 
I shall not pass this way again! 

Oh! then with high endeavor, 
May I my life and service give 

To him who reigns forever. 
Then will the failures of the past 

No longer give me sadness, 
And his approving smile will fill 

My heart with joy and gladness. 

i t —Selected. 

Apron Strings 


Mrs. Elbrtoge set down the two pails of slop she 
was carrying to the squirming, squealing pigs as easily 
as T could have set down two bottles of milk. She 
looked up. Tn her face was strength and kindness and 
love. Hard work had set its mark there, too, but it had 
not hindered. It had only helped the strength and 
kindness and love tn grow stronger. About her were 
the evidences of moderate prosperity, obtained by hard 
work, — house, stiff and clean, barn, garage, orchard 
and truck patch. She milked and cared for the cow, 
tended the pigs, plowed, weeded and gathered in the 
harvest of the garden and orchard, for her husband and 
children were away nn other work. Her muscled body 
proclaimed her ability to do that work, and in her 
homely, kindly face was something that glorified that 

" Yes," she began. " people have said that Mrs. 
Elbridge has Harold tied to her apron strings. It 
may be I have but I am satisfied. One woman that' 
used to laugh at me. said only the other day she wished 
T had her boy tied to my apron strings. Well, we have 
done everything for our children. One year my hus- 
band worked at shearing sheep and used the money 
tn buv Mabel's piano. The next thing was a cornet for 
Harold. Paid eighty dollars for it, — second-hand at 
that We have given them music, a pleasant home, and 
a car. Now we are educating them. That's why I am 
alone with all this work. They must have their chance. 
" The girl was easy to raise. She always stayed 
with me. But it was the boy \ Mabel was the older 
by six years. She used to say, when he cut up some 
of his capers : ' Mother, can we ever make anything of 
him?* But T am satisfied. He has gotten over those 
boyish pranks. He is twenty-one now and working 
hard at school." 

A reflective look came over her face as she went 
on 5 " I always knew where Harold was. If he stayed 
out too late at night. I was there to see that he got 
home. The worst trouble he ever had was when he 
was fourteen. He used to go down to the pool-room 
at noon and help. He made a lot of money, but I 
didn't care for the money. T tried to get him to stop 
but I couldn't make him. The boys dared him to 
come in. Poleski, the proprietor, paid him well and 
he went. One day, when he didn't come home for din- 
ner, I put on my things and went down there? I 

didn't know what I was going to do, but I knew I 
was going to do something. There are always lots of 
men there, but I opened the door and stepped inside. 
As soon as Harold saw me, he dropped his,— what do 
you call it?— oh, yes, cue, and said: 'There's mother. 
I must go/ 

" I let him get out and then I turned back. Those 
men all stopped playing and sort of lined up, waiting 
to see what I would do. Poleski took the coal pail 
and slipped out the back door. 1 turned to one of the 
men and said: 

" ' Will you ask him to come in? ' 

" He came back in, with the pail empty. I didn't 
know what I was going to say. I looked at him. He 
was white end shaking. By that time I was shaking 
too and that weak ! But that didn't stop me any. 

" ' What do you mean,' I began, ' by letting my boy 
come in here noons? He is a minor. I am going to 
make it hot for you. You know I don't want him in 
here.' I went on and said quite a lot more, but I 
guess it was mostly repeating that thought. Anyway, 
when he could get a word in he says : ' What will you 
charge to let me off? ' 

" That surprised me some. I didn't want any money. 
I wanted my boy. I just wanted to keep my boy clean 
and pure and free from vice, to start out in the world, 
even if it did mean tying him to my apron strings. 

" 'Well,' I said, ' I'll let you off this time if you will 
promise me never to let him come in here again/ 

" He promised and I went out. The cool air felt so 
good. Harold had been waiting. 

" ' Momma/ he said, ' I'll never go in there again. 
The boys dared me or I wouldn't have gone at all ! ' 

" He never did go back either. So I gave him a 
nickel to get a sandwich. He hadn't time to come 
home for his dinner. And he went on back to school. 

" I have cried about him. I have worked for him. 
I have done everything for him. It has paid. He is a 
good boy now and I am satisfied." 

Prophetstown, III. 

« ♦ ■ 

Keeping the Balance 


Sister Streeter had brought her mending along to 
stitch at, while she chatted with Sister Hartling. There 
was always so much of it to do that she could not idle 
any time, and she did not mind if her good neighbor 
and church sister did see how she had to try to make 
old clothes last a little longer, for she knew she un- 

She had something on her mind and somehow Sister 
Hartling could always help when anything troubled 
her. Presently she began : " What do you think of this 
doctrine of 'just believe to be saved' that one hears 
so much about nowadays? To listen to some folks 
explain it, one would think that was all that was re- 
quired of us and yet I can't see why the Lord went to 
all the trouble to say and have recorded many other 
things for us to do. I just can't make the two meet." 

" Yes, it is rather confusing," Sister Hartling readily 
agreed, "until we are willing to balance it like the 
Lord does." After some thought she went on: "A 
little prayerful study will soon show one that there 
are two sides to it, the same as to all others of the 
Lord's plans. They make a perfect balance and it is 
only when we put more weight on the one side or the 
other, and destroy this balance, that we get all mixed 

" Well, I'll be more than grateful if you can clear 
it up for me," Sister Streeter interrupted eagerly. 

" I'll do my best," Sister Hartling returned, " by- 
telling you how I see it. You know when our Master 
was on earth he frequently explained the spiritual by 
illustrating it with the natural, or things in nature, so 
people could grasp it more readily, and that is the way 
I can best understand and explain this matter. 

" In tilling the soil, we first break up the ground 
and thus prepare it for the planting of the seed. Then, 
when the seed is planted, our work is not done by any 
means. We must keep cultivating so that the weeds 
do not destroy the life of the grain. Only by constant 
endeavor can we expect to reap the reward in the shape 
of a harvest. Now all this is man's part and he has 

to do it according to the laws of nature, — which are 
God's laws, — in order to get results. But this is not 
all, as wc- may sometimes think. .We must not forget 
God's part, without which all our labor would be for 
naught. He gives the life to the seed and causes it to 
grow. He sends sunshine and rain and thus bestows 
the increase. 

"You see here are the two sides, — the perfect balance. 
Now no amount of labor, on our part, can make up 
for the Lord's share. We simply can not give life or 
cause growth. This he does for us freely and will- 
ingly. But, on the other hand, the Lord's fulfilling his 
part of the contract will not benefit us unless we do 
ours, which is providing favdrable conditions for plant- 
ing and growing." 

"Well, that is plain enough," Sister Streeter said 
with emphasis. " We all know that God does not do 
for man what he can do for himself. It is only where 
our power ends that his begins, but I never had thought 
it out like you have. Now let me have the spiritual 
application," she urged. 

" That is easy," Sister Hartling answered. " The 
plan of salvation is worked out the same way. God 
has provided this wonderful gift of eternal life at 
great cost, and it is free to all who will accept it. No 
one could ever earn it or be good enough to deserve 
it, no matter what he did, — no more than we can put 
life in seeds and cause them to increase. Both are 
God's part and entirely beyond our power. But, as 
in nature, we have a part to do too, and it is very es- 
sential, f6r without it God can not save us. With the 
aid of the 'Spirit, we must prepare our hearts for the 
implanting of this seed of life. And we can only do 
this by complying with God's laws or commandments 
in the matter. Man has repeatedly tried to alter them, 
or put them aside altogether, but he might as well try 
to plant seeds contrary to the laws of nature, and 
expect results. 

" Then, as these theorists argue, there is really noth- 
ing to do after believing and taking the initial step by 
which the seed of this gift of eternal life is implanted. 
But the Word does not bear this out. We are much 
like the earth from which we are made. We naturally, 
and without any effort, produce sin (weeds) and, like 
the weeds, if not kept down by cultivation, it will 
choke out the good seed. Here is where our part 
comes in again. And because the Lord knows our- 
need so well, he left us abundant instructions how it 
could be most successfully done. They are all given 
for a purpose, which is our continued growth and 
ultimate salvation. Only continued obedience will 
bring the*harvest of reward." 

" That certainly sounds reasonable," Sister Streeter 
assented, "but this 'just believing* sounds so easy 
and catchy that it deludes many people." 

" Yes, just another ruse of Satan, to trip up the 
unwary," Sister Hartling went on. " Why, even the 
devils believe, for that matter. They well know that 
Christ is the Son of God. So do many others, who are 
not saved. Theirs is only an intellectual belief. To 
be effective as a saving power, it must be .of the heart, 
and when it is, it will be an active or doing belief and 
will show out in the life. But this loose doctrine takes 
with the popular mind, for it does not mention serv- 
ice or sacrifice, nor does it include the obeying of any 
commandments that do not happen to strike one's 

" Well, doesn't Paul lay particular stress on salva- 
tion by grace?" Sister Streeter questioned, not quite 

" He does, but for a very good reason at that time. 
The mixture of Jew and Gentile and the change from 
the old or Mosaic law to the new dispensation, fre- 
quently caused confusion and trouble. Some insisted 
that the law's observance was yet necessary to obtain 
this new life, and Paul had to put extra emphasis on the 
fact that the law had been supplanted by something 
better, which was free for the accepting, and required 
none of the former's ceremonial rites to obtain it. 
But at no time or place did he even intimate that the 
commandments which Christ gave were to be laid aside. 
He not only considered them necessary and important, 
but he, himself, through the inspiration of the Spirit, 



added many instructions to them that he saw were 
needed for the pruning and cultivating process, so 
that the weeds of sin did not destroy this wonderful 
and freely-given gift. Yes," Sister Hartling concluded, 
" our part in the matter is as plain as God's, and there 
need be no confusion if we keep the balance which the 
Word gives us." 

Then she smiled as she said: "This always re- 
minds me of the many injunctions not to worry or 
concern ourselves about material things. Those things 
the Lord will provide. He always cares for us. He 
certainly does, but who is foolish enough to think that 
it means that we should sit down and fold our hands, 
thinking that he will pour a living into our lap? No, 
he gives us minds to think with, and hands to work 
.with, and he expects us to use them to help ourselves. 
That is our part. But he blesses our efforts,— all of 
which would be in vain if he did not, — and gives the 
increase. The perfect balance again, — not that our 
part is as much as he does for us, but he considers and 
blesses it as such. What a lot of physical and spiritual 
weaklings we would be, if there were naught for us 
to do! We well know that the Lord never intended 
that, but, instead, that we should develop strength and 
bear fruit." 

" Quite true," Sister Streeter affirmed, " and I 
greatly appreciate your helpful talk. I think we have 
spent a profitable afternoon." 

" Yes it is much better to spend our time discussing 
matters that pertain to the Kingdom, than to engage 
in light talk or gossip," was the ready response. 

Waynesboro, Pa. 

to the field. They are getting on splendidly with the lan- 
guage, and show ability to meet the missionary situation. 
May the Father call many more to this field of rich op- 
portunity! Anna Crumpacker. 
Ping Ting Hsicn, China. 


"Write what thou sccst, and 

unto the churches" 


Our District Meeting convened at Ping Ting Hsien, 
Sept. 19. All but four of the missionaries and two of the 
children, who are on the field, were present. Three of our 
number and two children are in the homeland. Altogether 
we number thirty-six missionaries and fifteen children. 
Numerically, we are now the second strongest mission in 
the province. The responsibility of the home church, in 
finances and prayers, is no small one, if we are to bear 
our part of the burden in the evangelization of Shansi, We 
were also gladdened by the presence of Brother and 
Sister Elgin S. Moyer. Their sojourn among us has been 
a happy and helpful one. 

Sister Emma Horning gave the opening address. She 
reviewed the past ten years of our missionary experience 
and suggested policies for the future. 

Many are the problems and opportunities facing us 
now. We are asking the home church to support us for 
the next year with more than $35,000 for equipment. All 
this is greatly needed, and we are counting on your sup- 
port. The very unfavorable rate of exchange makes our 
budget double what it was in previous years, even if we 
were only doing the same amount of work as then, bat 
now, with the increased amount of work and the greatar 
opportunities, we still expect you to supply the funds. 

We spent some time in discussing our educational poli- 
cies. It will doubtless be a source of inspiration to you, 
to know that of all the schools in Shansi and Chihli, tak- 
ing the uniform examinations, the Ping Ting Boys' School 
took first place. As we have no high school, we have sent 
six boys to one of our neighboring missions, for their 
advanced work. We also have one of our graduates in a 
Bible School. 

Our native church is growing rapidly, and we spent con- 
siderable time in discussing plans for its organization. 
We are leaving them to plan the organization as much as 
possible. The worship of ancestral tablets presents one 
of our big problems. 

Undoubtedly there are some commendable features to 
the honoring of worthy ancestors. To keep the good, 
while excluding the harmful, in this ancient rite of re- 
ligious worship in China, is one of the most puzzling 
problems we have. It is comparatively easy to get the 
idols down and out of the homes, but the ancestral tablets 
are an altogether different proposition. 

We had five busy days at the District Conference. Each 
day Bro. Oberholtzer gave us an hour of Bible study. 
We were made to feel more keenly than ever the part 
we must take in promoting the interests of God's King- 
dom, j 

One evening we had a social., We were divided into 
groups, according to the college we represented, and each 
group furnished a part of the entertainment. It was quite 
evident that some of our number have not forgotten all the 
care-dispelling diversions of our college days. 

We thank our Father for the recruits which have come 

I had the privilege of spending nearly six weeks this 
fall in the Child-Saving Mission Home at this place. For 
a time it seemed difficult to find homes for the children. 
Then we began to pray definitely that a home might be 
found for each child, and in a few weeks every one had 
been placed or spoken for, with applications still coming 
in. Our manager and matron, Brother and Sister Ray 
S. Wagoner, are being wonderfully used of the Lord in 
the work, and we praise him that they arc so willing to 
be used in his service. 

The problem of finances has always been a weight, so, 
after prayer and consideration, the board of trustees de- 
cided to launch a campaign to raise an endowment of 
$75,000 for the support of the work. The epidemic has 
hindered the plans for this work somewhat, but the Lord 
is remembering us, and the fund is slowly increasing. 
We have been blessed in that Sister Addie Yoder has come 
to assist in the work in the Home, and that Sisters Kath- 
ryn Smith and Clara Dodd have been sent to us as field 

Recently a young woman was shown into our baby 
ward. In looking into a crib at one of the babies, her 
heart was so filled with love that she desired to have the 
child. It was one of the happiest scenes I ever witnessed, 
as she and her companion started home with their treasure. 
Often these foster parents, after a few weeks, months, or 
years, bring their children back to the Home, proudly 
to show how the little ones have developed, and to tell 
how they have grown into their affections. 

The days are full of pressing duties, and the work is 
not without its problems, but who can estimate the value 
of these efforts and the results in the future? To me, 
while there, the sweetest time was at the close of the 
busy days when we all gathered in the parlor, stood around 
the piano and sang, while Sister Wagoner played the 
children's favorites, " Sweet Hour of Prayer," " Jesus 
Loves Me," "Jesus Wants Me for a Sunbeam," "Kind 
.Words Can Never Die." Then Bro. Wagoner read some 
good old Bible story, and we all knelt, uniting in the 
Lord's Prayer. 

When the work of raising the endowment has pro- 
gressed a little further. Bro. Wagoner is hoping to open 
up mission work in the city. There are now more than 
a dozen members located in this wide-awake business 
center. Brother, sister, keep on praying, as i the work 
here grows and develops. New opportunities bring new 
problems, and we must have the Lord's guidance, in order 
to be led to real success in the work. 

At present I am with my parents, enjoying the balmy 
breezes at Sebring, Fla. Already a number of brethren 
and sisters have arrived from the North, and how we all 
enjoy meeting together in our neat little chapel for wor- 
ship! Our people here certainly know how to make the 
new-comer feel at home. Father and Mother Moore, 
and others, have been wonderfully used of the Lord in 
establishing this church center where our people may 
escape the rigors of the northern winters and be built up 
both physically and spiritually. Elsie K. Sanger. 

Sebring, Fla., Dec. 14. 


The District Meeting of Southern Pennsylvania was held 
in the Bermudian house. Lower Conewago congregation, 
Nov. 26 and 27. The weather was ideal and the attend- 
ance good. There were forty-four delegates, fifty-five 
ministers, and a number of other visitors. The delegates 
and visitors received their meals in the dining-hall of the 
church. Lodging was provided in homes of the members 
and friends of the church. Eld. I. W. Taylor, Elizabethtown 
College, and Eld. Galen B. Royer, of Juniata College, 
favorer us with sermons on " Home Missions " on Tuesday 
evening, after which the offering from the various congre- 
gations of the District for missions was taken, aggregating 
$795.66. The opening of the business session was in charge 
of the retiring officers. The following officers were elect- 
ed: Moderator/Eld. Joseph A. Long; Writing Clerk, Bro, 
Joseph J. Bowser; Reading Clerk, Eld. A. S. Baugher. 

We had a number of queries from the District, but no 
papers for Annual Conference. One of the important 
matters considered at this meeting was the acceptance of 
the proposition of the Trustees of Elizabethtown College, 
to turn over the college, free of debt, to the Eastern and 
Southern Districts of Pennsylvania, respectively, both ex- 
ercising in the joint ownership and control of said col- 
lege. The following Trustees were elected: J. H. Keller. 
C R, Oellig, A. S. Baugher, C. L. Baker. 

Elizabethtown College was represented by Eld. H. K. 
Ober, President, and Brethren I. W. Taylor and Samuel 
Hertzler, Trustees. Juniata College was represented by 
Brethren Wm. J. Swigart, J. J. Oiler, and Galen B, Royer. 

The time originally appointed for our meeting had been 
postponed on account of Spanish influenza, but a marked 
degree of spiritual fervor was prevalent throughout the 

entire business session. Many expressions of sincere grati- 
tude to God for his goodness, and the hope of an early 
world peace, were offered. 

As auditors to pass upon all the accounts of the Dis- 
trict yearly, Brethren Joseph J. Bowser and Jacob I. 
Baugher were chosen for three years. As members of 
the Standing Committee for 1919, Elders C. L. Baker and 
D. A. Faust were chosen; alternates, Elders C. R. Oellig 
and Albert Hollinger. Next year's meeting is to be held 
in the Lower Cumberland church, Mechanicsburg, Pa. 
Joseph J. Bowser, Writing Clerk. 

York, Pa. ^_ . 

It was evening as we started out for a two miles* walk 
to one of the villages called Nanyao. We waited till 
evening because we wanted to show the reflectroscope 
pictures to the village people. Some one had preceded 
us and told the people that we were coming. In our party 
were Miss Horning, Mr. Chang, who does the lecturing, 
a servant who helps Miss Horning to operate the reflec- 
troscope, and myself. 

It was nearly dark when we arrived. A few people had 
gathered, but we visited in a few homes until it became 
quite dark. The boy went up one street and down an- 
other, ringing the little hand-bell to call the people to- 
gether. We occupied an old temple court for the lecture, 
because there is a platform in it, and because the four 
walls help to keep the crowd closer together. As we stood 
on the platform, we could see the people coming down 
the hill with their paper lanterns, and they continued to 
come, onejby one, until about half of the lecture was over. 
When it was time to begin, a postcard with the picture 
of a beautiful rose was thrown on the canvas. Mr. 
Chang began his talk by speaking of the flowers, and how 
the Heavenly Father makes them grow, because he wants 
his people to enjoy them. As pictures of schools, hospitals, 
and business places were shown, he talked of education 
and its value to both boys and girls, of the methods of 
caring for the sick, and of the prosperity due to Christian 
civilization. As pictures of the body, muscles, bones, nerv- 
ous system, and circulatory system were thrown on the 
canvas, the people were taught the value of cleanliness. 
the harm to the body and mind, caused by the smoking of 
cigarettes and nf opium. The harmful use of the mor- 
phine needle was shown. The evil effects of the lack of 
exercise were also demonstrated. 

When Chinese young people have been in school a few 
years, they think that it is not proper to do any manual 
work, neither do they think it necessary to exercise a 
great deal. A girl who goes to school does not consider 
it lady-tike to play games which demand exercise. Much 
teaching, therefore, is needed along this line, so as to de- 
velop their bodies, that they may become strong. 

One picture which impressed the people very much was 
that of a large foot. Some one in the crowd made the re- 
mark that it would take a rather large shoe to fit such a 
large foot. Mr. Chang told them that God made people's 
feet so that they might easily walk. He made the feet of 
men and women alike, with five toes, but unfortunately 
some go against God's wishes, and devise footbinding for 
women, so that they can not be in the home, or anywhere 
else, what God intended them to be. He also told them 
of the diseases due to footbinding, such as consumption 
of all parts of the body, for the women thus hampered 
can not exercise, or get out into the fresh air. Could we 
all see the condition of these women whose feet are 
only three or four inches long, we would cry out against 
this custom. 

Next, some pictures were shown, illustrating the life 
of Christ. The people were told the simple story of 
j esuSi — many of them hearing it for the first time. They 
were told of the goodness of God in caring for his own. 
The last picture was that of a large church, and the peo- 
ple were invited to come to services. Many of them do 

While Mr. Chang was talking, we prayed that this 
crowd of four or five hundred upturned faces might re- 
ceive a lasting impression. How they seemed to enjoy it! 
How they were drinking it all in! It did sound good to 

After Mr. Chang was through talking, the head of the 
village came on the platform, and spoke of the reforms, 
just advocated against footbinding. smoking of opium and 
the use of the morphine needle. He advised all to cut off 
their queues. We know that the officials are with as, for 
laws have already been made, to dispense with these 
objectionable things. But the crowd did not seem to 
pay very much attention to him as he spoke, and we 
wondered why. Then we learned that he himself uses 
the morphine needle. The people knew this, but he 
wanted to make a good impression'on as. nevertheless. 
He knows what is right, but does not do it. He. too. 
needs the power of Jesus to help Wm. 

When we got ready to leave, the women came around 
with their lanterns, and held them up to our faces, so as 
to get a good look at us, for a foreign woman is not an 
everyday sight. We talked to them a little while, and then 
they asked us the regulation questions as to age. nationality, 
family, etc. Anxiously they inquired: "When are yon com- 
ing again? Do come soon and tet! as some more." They 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1919 

The second p<)' 
five years for en 
That means an 
tion per year foi 
added to the pr<, 
is not a single c 
is very low, — tl 
years hence, a. 
scribed." The 
endowment for 
leges have reaci 
spell " efficienc 
be Christianize 
created. Until 
mum, they are 
dead if she is : 
be efficient, an 
the church anc 
The third po 
engaged in reg 
some " special 
who can not b 
already an air 
not to grant a 
lege departmei 
direction. \\ 
gets its money 
exist unless ri 
' of the college 
for religion all 
dents should si 
does not refer 
of the Y. M. | J 
ciations are d( j, 
to has in mino l| 
The fourthy- 
dents looking | 
ice." This 
to the social : 
are in ever)' s 
whom are in 
This, again, 
would be meail 
teacher that mel 
of them througlj 
''' of laymen who 
ingly dedicate, 
high order. Tl 
the vision and 
portunity that i 
The fifth po| 
graduates dec** 
sion work." * 
in the past th 
have been clas: 
a minister, a 
Where graduat 
pens. The past 
excellent. An : 
that 45% of ai 
are either in th 
ysion field. But 
/ that a very sra 
/ In some inst * 
enter the mil 
school must 
the future, ai 
enrollment, tua* 
stitute about on 
should give tht 
church. If the 
leaders, they u il 
Christ will suffe 
The goal thai 
ment during thi 
sible. It can I 
done. Much m; 
These are the 
the task laid up 

McPherson, K 



were told that the pictures must be shown to other people, 
too, but that sometime they would have another oppor- 


Is there any value to this method of teaching! 1 Yes, 
it is one of the best ways of getting an opening^ 
lives of these people. 

into the 
It visualizes the teachings for them. 

so that they can see. as well as hear, the truth. Many of 
them have never learned, so talking sinks in slowly. It 
gives them a general idea as to why the foreigners are 
among them. It is a means of driving away the fear of 
foreigners, and opens the homes, so that the workers can 
go into the homes and become acquainted with the women, 
and teach them that which will bring them peace. It 
shows them that we are here for the good of all. 

Pray for this work and for Miss Horning, as she goes 
from place to place, showing pictures and bringing a 
message of love to the people. Mary Schaeffer. 

Peking, China. 

Members from other parts of the State, as well as 
some from the North, have expressed a desire to attend 
this Institute. Those wishing to do so, will please write 
Eld. J. H. Garst, of Sebring, stating the time they expect 
to be here. At our approaching members* meeting a com- 
mittee on lodging will be appointed, to look after the 
comfort of visiting members. The committee will secure 
the cheapest rates .possible for rooms and boarding. In 
the meantime, we should be advised of the number of 
people coming, and whether they are coming in their cars 
or by rail. J- H. Moore. 

Sebring, Fla„ Dec. 23. 



The college has had the second outbreak of influenza, 
and we were made very sad by the death of Sister D. J. 
Lichty. Her body was taken by Bro. Lichty, accompanied 
by Dr. L. S. Shively, to LaPlace, 111., for burial. Sister 
Lichty bore her suffering so patiently, and met death so 
calmly that we arc again reminded that death is not so 
much to be dreaded when we are prepared to meet God. 
We had a very touching memorial service in the College 
Chapel, after the students were again well enough to 
assemble in public worship. Out of all this cloud the 
Volunteer Band shines brightly, and seems to be de- 
termined to do more and better work for the Master. 

Bro. D. J. Lichty will make a visit to quite a number of 
the Brethren colleges, under the direction of the General i ng health could not continue her school work at that time. 
Mission Board. He will return in February, to take up When she was sixteen years old -in the summer of 1907, 

mission duoiu, uc w j „!,„„„ she was awakened to her need of a Savior through a series of 

again the work which he had started in the college. meetings at the Earlvllle church, conducted by Bro. H. K. Ober. 

The college management plans to have every student's She was baptized Sept. ir> by Bro. Martin Ebersole. 

Hers was a joyful Christian life, and she had a strong desire 

Within the past montli a and bereavement has come upon us. 
God has called one of his loved -ones to her reward. He has 
taken a life fully consecrated to 
his servitfe mid submissive to 
his will. Sister Good had an- 
swered the call, but in the 
midst of preparation for such n 
noble service, the Lord said : 
"It is enough." "Well done, 
thou good and faithful servant." 

Minnie Good, daughter of 
Brother John It. and Sister Em- 
mn Mohler Good, was born near 
the small village of Hinkel- 
town, Lancaster County, Pa., 
June 29. 1801. She died at; her 
home in Lancaster City, Not. 18, 
1918, aged twenty-seven years, 
four months and twenty days. 

With her parents she lived in 
several other localities, but al- 
ways in the county where she 
was bom, Slie leaves her blind, 
invalid father, mother, three 
sisters and two brothers. 
In the country public school she received her early education. 
She entered the Bareville high school, but on account of f nil- 

liberate on the problems of the present, in the light 
of the past. Then all will be well. 

Perhaps there is not as much real need of recon- 
struction in church, activities as there is of recon- 
secrating and redirecting and redeveloping- the par- 
tially dormant energies and resources that have, in 
recent months, been overshadowed by the more glar- 
ing activities of the temporal environments. 

The world has stood aghast at the appalling affairs 
that have come upon it. Nothing is more natural 
than that this influence should penetrate to the ranks 
of the church and likewise affect its- morale. If ever 
there is one time, more than another, for cautious 
, movement and sound judgment that time is now. 

Perhaps less, attention to the contour of the channel 
through which the church is to move, and more con- 
secrated thought as to the purity and depth of the 
stream, would effect a strength of character whereby 
it would be able to make itself the leading factor for 
world righteousness. 

The hope of the world's fitness for democracy lies 
with the church. 

Ashland. Ohio. 

Minnie Go< 

throat examined each morning, for several mornings after 
he returns to the college,, at the close of the vacation. We 
take this precaution to check the spread of the " flu," if 
any should have been exposed to it while at home, or on 
the train returning. 

We are still adding new "students to our number, and 
hope to have many more after the effects of the war have 
passed. Bro. Ira P. Eby who. with his good wife, has been 
cooking for us for more than two years has returned from 
the hospital. He is improving and is much encouraged. 
W. E. West, Business Manager. 

Mt. Morris, 111. 

It will surprise no one to state that the rage of the 
influenza has cast a pall of gloom over our entire country. 
It has brought bereavement and sorrow to many hearts 
and has impeded business, as well as all the public meet- 
ings essential to efficient and regular religious activity. 
And yet, our people have done remarkably well, and have 
practically said: "Whatever betides, we know that the 
Lord will provide." 

The quarantine of our city was lifted last Friday. Sun- 
day morning we met for our Sunday-school and preaching 
services for the first time in four weeks. We were quar- 
antined Oct. 15 for four weeks. We had had only one 
service when the quarantine was again placed on us for 
another four weeks. 

A number of our members suffered with the influenza, 
but the Lord was very gracious, and spared their lives. 
Our band is still unbroken, for which we thank our Loving 
Father in heaven. 

We met at 2:30, on Sunday afternoon, for our regular 
council. We reelected all of our present church and Sun- 
day-school officers for 1919. I never saw a better spirit 
manifested in a business meeting. We are planning to 
undertake great things for the Lord next year. 

Our people are overflowing with gladness that the stu- 
pendous world-wide war seems to be at its end. May the 
Lord control our joy, so as to render it sane, sober, and 

We ask an interest in the prayers of all our dear brethren 
and sisters. There is an open door for the Gospel of 
Jesus Christ in Muscatine. Leander Smith. 

1147 Lucas Street, Muscatine, Iowa, Dec. 23. 

to share that joy with others. Those living in heathen darkness 
soon became the great burden of her heart. About three years 
later a still small voice whispered: "Go." Seeing the great 
need, but feeling herself too unworthy for such a high calling, 
she spent sleepless nights and was engnged much in prayer. 

In the fall of 1017 she entered Elizabethtown College, aiming 
to prepare herself for the great work which, as she thought. 
God had planned for her." The tender voice of our Loving 
Savior insistently Impressed itself upon her until she answered: 
" Here am I, Lord." After thus having fully surrendered her-. 
self she said: " Now I have peace of conscience. I am so happy." 
Sept. 10 she became a member of the College Volunteer Band. 

Since coming to this city, nearly seven years ago,— she has 
taken on interest In all church activities. She was assistant 
Bible class leader, president of the Missionary Society for one 
year and taught a class of young girls in the Sunday-school. 

She was possessed of a kindly, cheerful and sympathetic na- 
ture that endeared her to her class of girls as well as to her 
many friends. She was ever ready to give a helping hand, and 
never considered it a sacrifice to do good to others. 

When Elizabethtown College closed, on account of Spanish in- 
fluenza, she came home seemingly well, but in a few days was 
stricken with the disease. After one week's illness her bright, 
promising career was ended. 

Shortly before she took her departure she said: "Mother. 
I am going home now." Eld. H. B. Yoder was called to her 
bedside and had a short season of prayer. A few minutes later 
she peacefully fell asleep. 

She was a devoted daughter and sister and was especially 
fond of children. We miss her. Her radiant smile is gone but 
we shall ever cherish the blessed life of Sister Minnie. While 
it iB hard for us to understand the purpose of God in calling her 
away we know that it was his will and whatever he does Is well 
donc . Leah N. Phillipy. 

Lancaster, Pa. 

Arrangements have been completed for a Bible Insti- 
tute in our chapel, beginning Feb. 10 and continuing two 
or more weeks, with Bro. A. C. Wieand, of Bethany Bible 
School, in charge. Bro. Wieand is to reach Sebring not 
later than Feb. 8, and on Sunday. Feb. 9, will be with us 
in our regular services. The Institute, as stated, will be- 
gin the next morning, there being a session in the fore- 
noon and another in the afternoon. There are likely to 
be no evening services until the following Sunday, when 
our revival commences, to be continued each evening, in 
connection with the Bible Institute. The forenoon ses- 
sions will be devoted to studies in Revelation, and the after- 
noon to some other line of work, — probably biographies 
of noted men ?nd women mentioned in the Bihle. 

What Next? 

(Continued from Page 5) 

generation, looking back upon the awful price of 
blood and treasure with calmer judgment, wonder why 
it could not have been accomplished without this 
devastation and this sorrow? We now look back 
thus upon the Civil War for the freedom of the slave. 

Men usually know what they want, but they do not 
always know how to get it. Their desires often breed 
a chaotic condition of thought, and nothing being 
more natural than giving literal expression to thought, 
it follows that a chaotic condition will result. 

The moral' influence on the church, of the world's 
past and present condition, may indeed be a matter 
of concern, yet it need not give undue alarm. Though 
reform, reorganization and reconstruction may be 
needed, it does not follow that these pre- 
ceded by a demoralizing upheaval or a breaking up of 
present, well-organized conditions. 

Granting that such results did occur in the past and 
that out of such conditions new energies did awaken, 
and that reform and progress did follow, yet it took 
also a generation of denominational effort to regain 
the lost prestige and momentum. 

The church can properly direct its thought, how- 
ever agitated and restless it may be, however imbued 
with the spirit of reform, reorganization and recon- 
struction it may be, if it will coolly and calmly de- 

The Baby 


She was only lent us for a little while. Only a 
few times we saw her smile as we gazed into her in- 
nocent baby face. Then, one night, a white-winged 
messenger came for her and carried the little spirit 
of our dear one back to heaven, where other little ones 
waited for her. 

We gave her up, oh, so reluctantly, and with aching 
hearts, and we could not look at the empty cradle. 
Yet, had it not been for the mortal tears which blinded 
our eyes, we would have seen the little hands beckon- 
ing to us, to come and join her in that land of light. 

Would we call her back to earth again? No, no. 
We must strive to be glad that our treasure is safe in 
her Father's house, where " God shall wipe away all 
tears from our eyes." 

Notes From Oar Correspondents 

As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is pood t 

i from a far country 

Covins. — After four weeks' closing of the churches because of 
the epidemic, we again met for services Oct. 20. On this Sun- 
day the Sunday-school offering made up In part for the time 
we were closed, and the offering for the next two Sundays 
practically made up the deficiency. We have great cause for 
thanksgiving, first that the war is over and second that our 
church has lost none by death. At the Thanksgiving Day serv- 
ice an offering was taken, and a further opportunity was ex- 
tended to all who were not present, to give their offering. The 
total amount was J411.72. We gave $45.72 to the Chinese mission 
in Loa Angeles, and ?366 to the World-Wide Missions. Dee. 
13 the church met to elect the Sunday-school officers for the 
coming year. Bro. D. J. Overholtzer was elected superintendent. 
All other officers were also elected. The Mothers and Daughters' 
Association having reorganized in October, elected Sister Jennie 
Brubnker as president. Their first program was given Dee. 11. 
—Mrs. Temple Sauble Funk, Charter Oak, Cal.,' Dec. 16. 

Elgin. — The " little church on Highland " went " over the 
top " again last Sunday. Though no effort was made to col- 
lect a big audience, on account of the epidemic, a most inter- 
esting program was carried out, the performers being mostly 
children. A little girl made a prayer, another did beautifully 
a pantomime, "Holy Night," a little boy made announcements, 
and , others sang or read. Each Sunday-school class made n 
" white offering," the totals amounting to 5120.25. Besides this, 
eight French and Belgian orphans were adopted by different 
clnsses, one by the " junior congregation " and one by the 
Ladles' Missionary Society. Of the pledges on these, ?65 is 
already paid In. Bro. J. B. Miller made the Christmas address. 
The children were remembered with the usual sweetmeats. 
. . . The " junior congregation " is a new feature in our 
church. At the close of Sunday-school, the youngsters from six 
to sixteen are marshaled to their assembly room downstairs, 
and here they have their own services, and Bro. H. Spenser 
Minnich preaches to them at the same hour the adults are 
worshiping In the auditorium. We are hoping great things 
from the venture. . . . Sunday evening Bro. H. S. Randolph, 
of Bethany Bible School, filled the pulpit. . . . Christmas 
night the prayer-meeting was unusually (Interesting and well 
attended.— Adeline H. Beery, Elgin, 111., Dec. 26. 


Auburn church bad the pleasure of having Bro, Moy Gwong. 
of Manchester College, with us Dec. 8. He preached both morn- 
ing and evening, and we enjoyed his sermonB very much. He 
also told us of many of the customs of his people. Dec. 12 
we held our council. In the absence of our elder, Bro. Crlpe. 
our pastor presided at the meeting. Church, Sunday-school and 
Christian Workers' officers were elected for the coming year. 
Bro. J. H. Urey wns reelected elder. Sister Maud Ellis was 
elected church correspondent and "Messenger" agent. We also 
had the pleasure, of having one member of the Home Mission 
Board at our council,— Bro. D. R.' Yoder. Dee. 22 our Sunday- 
school will give a Christmas program. — Mrs. M. A. Hanson, 
Auburn, Ind., Dec. 21. 

Beech Grove church met in council Nov. 30, with Eld. E. O. 





N orris presiding. Brethren Moss and John Smeltzer were nlso 
present. Eld. Norris was again reelected for another year. 
The writer was chosen "Messenger" correspondent and Bro. 
Alva Pettigrew, Sumlny- school superintendent. The deacons 
gave a report of their annual visit. Two letters were granted. 
An all-day meeting was held on Thanksgiving Day. The 
young people gave a splendid program in the evening. We met 
In called council Dec. 14, with Eld. Norris presiding. Bro. 
Wm. L. Hatcher was present. The church voted .to assist In 
the Forward Movement Plan, adopted by the General .Mission 
Board. Our love feast was held Dec. 15. Ministering: brethren 
present were: Brethren Hatcher, M. Smeltzer, G. W. Hahn, J. 
Oreenhalgh and F. Fair. Bro. Hatcher officiated. He nnd his 
wife remained and are now holding a aeries of meetings.' Sister 
Nora Shively has charge of the song service. Considering the 
• epidemic, we are having fairly good attendance and the meetings 
are splendid. Four have already confessed Christ. — Veriiic Heav- 
er, Fortville, Ind.. Dec. 23. 

I'- ■■ i church met in council Dec. 20, with Eld. Manly Deeter 

presiding. One letter was granted nnd five were received. We 
decided to have prayer meeting every- Wednesday evening. 
Brethren T. L. Hammond and Forest Nickler were elected on 
the Local Missionary Committee. Bro. D. S. Neff was elected 
as a trustee. Ifro. T. L. Hammond was elected Sunday-school 
superintendent, nnd Sister Grace Noss president of the Christian 
Workers' Meeting. Dec. 22 the children gave a Christmas pro- 
gram, after which Bro. Forest Nickler gave n talk. A collection 
of ?27.30 was taken for the Armenian and Syrian Relief.— Ethel 
SchuUer, Milford, Ind., Dec. 23. 

Buck Creek church met in council Dec. 7. Bro. Teeter, our 
elder, could not be with us, so Bro. D. L. Paul took charge of 
the meeting. Sunday-school and church officers were elected 
for the coming year, with Sister Gnrnett Current, "Messenger" 
agent, the writer, church correspondent, and Bro. E. N. Cross, 
Sunday-school superintendent. Our spring communion will be 
held May 10. Our church sent a special Thanksgiving offering 
of $12.00 to Chicngo. The regular Thanksgiving offering was 
$25.20. We are expecting Bro. L. D. Holsinger to be witli us 
in a series of meetings beginning Jan. 11. — Clara Sheets, More- 
land, Ind., Dec. 23. 

Camp Creek church met In council Nov. 30, with Eld. Christian 
Metzler presiding. Officers were elected for the following year 
with Bro. Metzler, elder, Bro. Fred Hlght, Sunday-school super- 
intendent, and Bro. Geo. Hariey, president of Christian Workers' 
Society.— MIna Heisler, Etna Green, Ind., Dec. 23. 

Elkhart City church met in council Dec. 10, with our elder, 
Bro. J. W. Grater, presiding. Officers for 1919 were chosen as 
follows : Sunday-school superintendent, Chas. Troup ; Christian 
Workers' president. Mrs. M. B. Stuck; church clerk, W. U. Mil- 
ler ; correspondent and " Messenger " agent, Mrs. B. C. Swl- 
hart; one member on the Local Missionary Committee, Mrs, 
Lawrence Ulery ; two members on the Temperance Committee, 
Brethren Ira Wise and Chas. Troup. Bro. B. C, Swlhart, our 
present pastor, was reelected for one year. On account of mov- 
ing away, Bro. Grater resigned as our elder. Bro, Christian 
Metzler, of Wakarusn, was elected as" elder for one year. Our 
series of. meetings will begin about Jan. 1, and our love feast will 
be held at the close of the meetings. — Mrs. M, B. Stuck, Elk- 
h&rt, Ind., Dec. 19. 

Kewamaa church met In council Dec. 7, with Bro. Hoy Mishler 
presiding, in the absence of Bid. J. G. Stinebaugh. The fol- 
lowing officers were elected for the coming year: Bro. Bert 
Gorsllne, Sunday-school superintendent; Brethren Bert Gorp- 
Uue, Roy Mishler and Jud Crabill, Missionary Committee; Bro. 
Bert Gorsline, president Christian Workers' Meeting, and Sis- 
ter Mertie Mishler, " Messenger " agent and correspondent, — 
Susie Gibbs, Rochester, Ind., Dec. 19. 

Lower Deer Creek, — After six weeks we met In council Dec, 
14, with a good representation. Six letters were granted. Sister 
Etta Stinebaugh was elected " Messenger " agent, and Bro, 
Herbert Dilling, Sunday-school superintendent. The treasurer's 
report Bhowed the church in good financial condition. It was 
decided to retain Bid. J. G. Stinebaugh ns pastor for another 
year. He was also authorized to secure an evangelist for next 
year.— Myrtle B. Ward, Camden, Ind., Dec. 20. 

Fin© Cre«k church met in council Dec. 24, at the East house, 
with Eld. Manly Deeter as moderator. Eld. Chas. Crlpe was 
also with us. Two letters of membership were granted and two 
received. Bro. Frank Keiser was elected Sunday-school super- 
intendent and Bro. Iven Hartsou, ii, Christian Workers' presi- 
dent. Bro. D. F. Appleman was elected ns our elder for one 
?"-«r. Brethren Delbert Mnngus and Ell Steele were appointed 
as a committee to receive funds for the support of our young 
ministers in school. The amount raised at this meeting was 
?340. Bro. Reuben Houser and Sister Alma Stump were elected 
as a Missionary Committee. The date set for our communion 
is Oct. 18, 1919. Our Christian Workers rendered a splendid 
Christmas program on Sunday evening, with Sister Mary Man- 
gus as leader. On account of the many new cases of influenza 
in Chicago, Bro. Clabaugh thought best to recall our Bible 
Institute. Our next regular council will be at the West house, 
March 15.— M. S. Morris, North Liberty, Ind., Dec. 25. 

Rook Run. — Dec. 1 was missionary day. Bro. Otho Warstler 
preached, after which an offering of $45 was lifted. Dec. 10 
we met to reorganize, electing, church, Sunday-school and Chris- 
tian Workers' officers. Bro. 1. L. Berkey was chosen elder for 
1919, Bro. Frank Phillips Sunday-school superintendent, and 
Bro. Elmer Yoder, Christian Workers' president. On the same 
evening Bro. Norman Heeter and wife were advanced to the 
eldership. Bro. "Wm. Hess and Bro. Kurtz, of West Goshen, 
were with us to assist In the work. Dec. 22 we held our Christ- 
inns exercises. Each class lifted an offering for Armenian and 
Syrian Relief. The total amount was $105.— Mrs. Clarence R. 
Crlpe, Goshen, Ind., Dec. 23. 

South Bend.— For some years we have been having a class 
of Chinese men at South Bend, Ind. Two years ago four were 
bnptized. One of these Is at present In China, two have gone 
to other cities to work, and one, Mark Gen, a very promising 
student, remained In this city. Dec. 7 one of our teachers, 
Bro. Charles Steele, called at the laundry and found Bro. Gen 
very weak. Inquiry elicited the fact that there had been an 
aching end a cough for four or Ave days, but not understanding 
the seriousness of the situation, and being pressed with work, 
he had remained at his post. Bro. Steele tried to explain 
the importance of rest in bed, and the attendance oi a phy- 
sician. Dec. 9 his weakness amounted to prostration. Dec. 
10 he had a very severe asthmatic paroxysm. Dec. 11 ha went 
to Chicago, endeavoring, amid proper environments, to regain 
his strength, but died the same evening at 10 o'clock. Bro. Gen 
had been in America about five yearB. He was always a 
diligent pupil,— faithful and earnest. The fact that he waB a 
Christian made him a leader in many ways, though younger 
than some of the other men. Those of us, who have been In- 
terested in 'the Chinese work in this city, feel the loss of this 
young man keenly, but we rejoice that we were permitted to 
be instrumental in bis conversion. — Cora V. WiBe, 126 N. La- 
fayette Street, South Bend, Ind., Dec. 23. 

Sugar Cri't-t church met in council Nov. 30, with Bid. B. F. 
Emley presiding. Sunday-school officers were chosen for the 
coming year, with Bro. Roy Wine as superintendent. Bro. 
Joseph Arnett was reelected trustee for six years. We ex- 
pect Bro. Aaron Moss to be with us Dec. 22. — Lizzie Emley, 
South Whitley, Ind., Dec. 19. 

Upper Fall Creek church met in council Dec. 21. We are go- 
ing to have our communion May 10, 1019, at 6:30 o'clock. The 
writer was chosen " Messenger " agent and church correspond- 

ent other officers were also elected.-Rachel E. Delllnger. Mld- 
aietown, Ind., Dec. 23. 

Wnkorusft church met in council Nov. 13. Officers were elected 
ni the coming year, with Uro. Christian Metzler, elder; Bro. 
Roy Merrier, Christian Workers' president; Bro. John Searer 
Sunday-school superintendent. Nov. IS, Bro. John Appleman 
.? II .1! a ° f Iueetin es- The interest was very good through- 
out the three weeks, nnd the inspiring sermons have given us a 
desire to do more work. Sister Appleman was also with us 
nn.l_lKT personal work was very much appreciated. The song 
service, which was SO well conducted by Sister Edith Pletcher 
was very uplifting. Some of the members of our sister churches 
attended these meetings nnd we appreciated their presence. 
One accepted Christ. We pray God's richest blessings on Broth- 
er and sister Aopleman and Slater Pletcher, as they go to other 
fields of InbOT.-Berthn Moyer, Wuknrusa, Ind.. Dec. 22. 

West Goshen church met in special council Dec. 18. to elect 
officers for 1019. Eld. Frank Krcider was with us. Three letters 
were received. Eld. M. D. Stutsman was again chosen as oar 
presiding elder. Bro. Samuel Miller was elected Sunday-school 
superintendent, and Bro. Alvln Crlpe, Christian Workers' presi- 
dent. Our series of meetings, which was to begin Dec 1 
has been canceled because of the influenza epidemic. One has 
been baptized since our last report.— Mrs. Oslo G. Brumbauah 
Goshen, Ind., Dec. 21. 


Pooch Blossom church met In council Dec. 12, at the Baston 
house. Our fall meetings were cnnceled because of the Influenza 
Arrangements have been made with Bro. Barry T. Fox of 
Shady Grove, Pa., to serve ns minister for this church, 'six 
letters were granted. A Thanksgiving meeting was held at this 
church and a collection of $58.75 was taken, to be used for 
missionary and reconstruction work. Officers were elected for 
church, Sunday-school and Christina Workers for the coming 
year.— Sarah A. Rlttenbouse, Easton, Md., Dec. 20. 


Deer Fork church met in council Dec. 10, with Bro. Elken- 
berry as moderator. Church and Sunday-school officers were 
elected for the coming year. Bro, D. F. Landls was chosen 
as elder and Bro. Joseph Harper as Sunday-school superin- 
tendent. Sister Pearl Ramer was elected church correspondent. 
Arrangements have been made for a teacher-training class. Be- 
cause of the forest fires and the Influenza, our church services 
were suspended for nearly two months, but we nre again en- 
Joying services, and feel thnt we have been grently blessed, 
as our community escaped the terrible flres, ond none of oar 
number hnve been taken by the influenza.— Susie Nelson, Bar- 
num, Minn., Dec. 20. 

Boot Blvver church met in council Dec. 20, with Bro. Jona- 
than Broadwater presiding. Bro. Broadwater was elected elder 
for the next six months. Bro. Wm. East was chosen super- 
intendent of the adult department of the Sunday-school. The 
Bible Class, as well as the Christmas program, was postponed 
on account of influenza. One letter of membership was granted. 
We are hoping that we may secure a pastor to take up the 
work here .again.— Mrs. J. C. Owen, Preston, Minn., Dec. 23. 

Smith Fork church met in council Dec. 21, with Bro. H. M. 
Brubnker presiding. Officers were elected for the vnrlouB de- 
partments of the church for the next year. Our Sunday-school 
and church services have been closed for some time, on account 
of the Iniluenza epidemic. So far we have lost none of our mem- 
bers. A lecture course was arranged for the winter, but already 
over half has been canceled. However, we are expecting Dr. 
Kurtz to give his lecture Jan. 5. Our pastor wna chosen ns 
elder In full charge of the work at this place for the next year. 
The Christmas offering of the Sunday-school was given for 
the Syrian nnd Armenian Relief.— Ada Sell, Plnttsburg, Mo., Dec. 

Kearney church met in council Dec. 3, with Bid. P. A. Nlckey 
presiding. Officers, were elected for the coming year, with Bro. 
J. J. Tawzer, elder; Bro. T. F. Evans, superintendent of the 
Sunday-school, and Bro. C. E. May, Christian Workers' presi- 
dent. A collection of $16.84 was taken for home expenses.— 
Mary F. May, Kearney, Jfebr., Dec. 16. 

Cando. — Services were not held at the Zion house for seven 
weeks, on account of the influenza epidemic, but were resumed 
on Thanksgiving Day. Dec. 14 the church met at the Zlon 
house in council. Six letters of membership were granted. 
Elders J. D. Kesler and Geo. K. Miller were placed In charge 
of the work of the church, as joint elders for 1019. Bro. Kesler 
was elected "Messenger" agent and the writer church cor- 
respondent for another year. Dec. 21 we held a special coun- 
cil to elect officers of the Sunday-school nnd Christian Workers' 
Meeting. Bro. J. J, Gensinger was reelected superintendent of 
the Sunday-school nnd Bro. Wllburn Smeltzer, president of the 
Christian Workers' Meeting. Dec. 22 nn offering of $73.74 was 
taken for Armenian sufferers. — Mrs. Marvin KenBinger, Zlon, 
N. Dak., Dec. 23. 

Sinem church met In called council Dec. 12, after having been 
closed for some weeks on account of the influenza epidemic. 
Eld. J. W. Shively presided. The first item of business con- 
cerned the eighty acres of land thnt had been farmed for the 
church. After expenses were paid, we had $914 In the treasury. 
After paying our dues for the year, we have $490. Five mem- 
bers were granted certificates of membership. Bro. R. E. Mad- 
dox was elected trustee for three years. The church decided 
to hold a scries of meetings in June and appointed a committee 
to secure an evangelist. On account of the epidemic, our serv- 
ices were discontinued for a time, but will again be resumed. — 
D. A. Hnfford, Newville, N. Dak.. Dec. 24. 


Eversole. — For the past three weeks Eld. R. N. Leatherman, 
who has charge of the Cincinnati mission, has been with us. 
Although the epidemic prevailed, and the weather was In- 
clement part of the time, a spiritual atmosphere seemed to pre- 
vail. The attendance and interest were good from the be- 
ginning. Bro. Leatherman gave us a series of sermons on the 
Book of Revelation. Fifteen confessed Christ, twelve of whom 
are heads of families. Our members have been greatly strength- 
ened. May the Lord blesB Bro. Leatherman and his wife In 
their efforts! On Thanksgiving Day he gave ns a splendid ser- 
mon. An offering of $60 was taken for missions. — Clara Br- 
baugh, New Lebanon, Ohio, Dec. 21. 

Fort MeKlnlcy church met in council Dec. 11, with Bid. 
Klepinger in charge. Brethren D. M. Garber and L. A. Book- 
waiter were also present. We elected our officers for the en- 
suing year, with Bro. Walter Holler as Sunday-school super- 
intendent. We had services on Thanksgiving Day. An offer- 
ing of $215.79 was taken, to be sent to the Mission Board. The 
evening after Thanksgiving, Bro. Bright gave an Interesting 
talk on China.— Mrs. Jess L. Albert. Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 21. 

Loramie church met In council Dec. 3, with Bid. I. H. Frants 
presiding. Bro. Frants presented bis resignation as pastor and 
elder. He expects to take up pastoral duties In Kansas, his 
home State. We were very reluctant to see Bro. Frantz leave 
us. He has been with us since June, 1917, and was well liked. 
The church will be in a position to call a pastor after March 1, 
1919. Any one interested write to Bro. L. C. McCorkle, Dawson, 
Ohio. We had no services during October, owing to the In- 
fluenza epidemic. Our series of meetings, to have begun Oct. 

ThnuKrivi^ p08tp l Dned antli the epldeffiIc <*«'■ IP more, A 
Thanksgiving service was held, with Bro. Frantz delivering 

Glenn Miller, Tippecanoe City, Ohio, Dec. 2d. 

o.fTcounf o'r?„'n„enT h A """ J 6 '" 8 C '° Se ' 1 '" ■«■» »«*■. 

syssft x.'sl-'x ^'ie„nrir k £H 

.Icknes. nmong „,e members. Arrangements have been mnS' 

Wet MUton.-Dec. 19 our chnrch met In council n«1„„ 
■tan'le 2°, T"," m ' X "° e •■ ° n '«»»■"»' «e ?n C n»eJ.Vp,' 
i.™ m , bu » tae »« »»1 <» »e tran.ncted, bat with ouTuto 
Bro. BtcsBlng, presiding, nnd a splendid reore.entatlnr i of ™ 
membership, sll hnvlng a »,„d to work, we Jad a „0« Lo T ' 

added n,,fc«,.K C *~' n , B " 8 "' wt,0M ao "« »■>« admonition 
added rancl! to the effectiveness of the work done, Officer" for 

(Continued on Page 18) 



donated two bones of clothing nnd bedding to B,,k o,»5 
no,,,,; wo comfort, nnd two pair of blanket" to old Fo°ks- 
°;«dd„:,*n '""'""I.' " nd Jffi '» A ™ e " l »° "Ufferer. We 
In, Z %%"« F"'p n W0 , rk / ""' <""" veil" sold, col! 
«4l i,, , .,:,, , f° J, out '"' materials nnd donations, 

™;J J» i i. r. ""''• •*""■ 0fflc ''™ "'"ted for the new 
"' "'"Sister Barbara A. Ulrey. President; Sister Csssto 
«"»'"'. Vl President; Nisi,,- Kli,.„ ,,,„, «,,,.,,„ o , 

gnZaflo','""' T"""- ™* ».!»« the f'.t ™r .7 'our o - 
gnn Itntlnn. we hope to bo able to do more work during the 
coming yenr.-Udn Wagoner, Secretary, Delphi, Ind" D«. 2d! 
LADOGA. IND.-The following is our Aid Society reuort 
from Jan. 1. 1018, to Dec. 1, 1018; Wo hold eighteen , mee" ni. 
S Of aSSSr »»"'"";"'«<>< ««ve„. Our w.rk'con.l.tSTm T 
„„,„,L™ n £,". ml , '"' ?k,nB OWMI". Our monthly dues 

"mors in*' „7,° "T'T 1 t7A " "" <"""""< «»<! tanking 
rn..l ,«,"-, T'"*' 10 " '" * 1; bnlnnCG from '"»' year. 135.12; 

,g for „ private family and mode pnjnmns for the French 

Mn w°r.- " r , m «« l "B' "«'• Held twice a monti.-Ser 
Mary W. Conner, Ladoga, Ind., Dec. 17. 

«u°i'' r , H . 5 " NCHI!9TE ''' IND.-Beport of North Manchester 
Aid Society for Doc 0. 1017, to Dec. 0. 1018; Number of mem- 
bers enrolled 02; number present nt nny one meeting. 60; 
oven,,, ■ attend.!,™, 2.1; number of nll-dny meetings. 11; number 
of business meeting., 6; nullts pieced nnd quilted. 13- com- 
forters mode ami knotted. 10. Donation, made to the Belgl.n 
Relief; garment.. 252; shoes, eleven pnlr; coat., 01; ca.h, SI 00 
We nlso have donated n carpet to the new mission church In 
our city nnd „r, sending n Christmas box of clothing and 
other nrllcles to the Orphans' Home at Meilco. We are going 
to support a native worker In China for the coming year 
Amount received from former treu.urer, 112.50; regular offer- 
ings. 131.31; birthday offering., 511.50; donations, 80.20- for 
articles snid. ?02.5d; for custom work, S11.50; from .ale din- 
ners, JH..20; total, !287. 7r ,, Oenornl expenditures, SI11.06; sue- 
,l„l, India orphan. S20.00: Mary Quinter hospital, 125.00; sister 
I'.l„y, 512.00; Red Cross, ,23.00; balance on bund, SH1.00. Value 
of comforts nnd quilts on hand. »50. We held our last buslne.s 
meeting for the year on the evening of Nov. 15. nnd elected new 
officers for 1010 ns follows; President, Sister Laura Driver- 
Vlee-Pre.ldent, Sister Emmu Bowman; Superintendent, Sister 
Belle Sinnffer; Assistant Superintendent, Sister Burkett; Sec- 
retnry, Sister draco Wright; Treasurer, Sister Dollle Wolf- 
Clara John, Secretary, North Manchester, lnd„ Dec. 10. 

PLYMOUTH, IND.— Our Aid Society has held fifteen meetings 
frnm Nov. 1, 1917, to the present time, with an average attend- 
nnce of Oftcen. Officers elected ; Sister E. L. Heestnnd Presi- 
dent; Sister D. W. Hostettler, Vice-President; Sister Wm. 
Bums, Superintendent; the writer. Secretary und Treasurer. 
Totnl tnken In for the year, S19.31. Total paid out. S29.20. Bal- 
ance on hand, S20.ll, which we turned over to ,the church for 
communion supplies.— Sister Ida Ruff, Secretary, 902 Lake Drive 
Plymouth, Ind., Dec. 5. 


Hsrrlage notices should be accompanied by 60 cents 

Please note thnt the fifty cents required for the publication 
of n marriage notice may be applied to a three months' " Gospel 
Messenger " subscription for the newly-married couple. Request 
should be made at the time the notice Is sent, and full address 

Delenbou gh- Winnie.— By the undersigned, at his home Nov. 
0, WIS, Mr. William A. Delenbough and Miss Velma Winnie, 
both of Ceattle, Knns.— Roy Klatner, Sabetha, Kaus. 

Williams-Sell.— By the undersigned, nt his home in Platts- 
burg, Mo., Dec. 11, 1018, Bro. Perry Williams and Sister Lucy 
Sell, both of Plnttsburg, Mo.— H. M. Brubnker, Plnttsburg, Mo. 


"Blessed are the dead which dlo In the Lord" 

Bulley, Matthew J., born In McLean County, III., died Dee. M, 
1018, aged 00 years, 1 month and 25 days. He married Lucindn 
Mackey In 1883. At the early age of seventeen he united with 
the Church of the Brethren. He leaves a wife, an adopted sou, 
father, one sister and one brother. Services by the writer. — 
I. L. Harris, Hume, Mo. 

Barnhnrt, Sister Effie Leila, daughter of Brother and Sister 
Ja». W. Wray. died Dec. 9, 1018, of heart failure, aged 36 years, 
3 months and 28 days. She married Bro. Lee Barnhart Oct. 17. 
1009. She leaves husband, four children, father, mother, five 
brothers and four sisters. She had been a faithful member 
of the Old Order church for twenty years. Interment in the 
Pleasant View cemetery.— Wm. Fiory, Sawyer, Knns. 

Beougher, Mildred Esther, youngest daughter of Bro. Georga 
Beougher, died Dec. l. 1918, aged 11 years, months and 15 
days. The mother preceded her three years ago. She leaves 
father, one brother and four sisters. Services at the house by 





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Bro. I. R. Beery. Borlal in Maple Lawn cemetery.— Mattle 
Welty. Flora. Ind. 

Bitter, MIbs Blanche, eldest daughter of Brother and Sister 
David Bigler, born in Elkhnrt County. Ind., died at iheir home 
near Goshen, Ind., Dee. JO, 1918. of pneumonia following Influ- 
enza, aged 31 yeara, 7 months and 2 days. Surviving are her 
parents, two brothers and one slater. Services at the home by 
Elders Hiram Forney and Wm. Hess. Burial in Oak Ridge 
cemetery.— Sirs. Osle G. Brumbaugh. Goshen, Ind. 

Boles, Sister Effie Lula. daughter of Brother and SlBter Jerry 
Meudor, born near 01 at be, Bans., died of pneumonia, following 
Influenza, ut her borne In Olathe, Dec. 2, 1918. aged 32 yeara, 4 
months and 23 days. When eleven years of age she united with 
the Church of the Brethreu and was u cheerful worker lu 
churtb and Sunday-school. June 3, 1014, she married Wm. 
Bolts, wbo survives, together with one daughter, father, mother 
and one stater. Services at the grave in the Olathe cemetery 
by Bro. H. It. Brubaker.— Edith Meador, Olathe, Kans. 

Boyd. Sister Emily, wife of I. J. Boyd, died Nov. 19, 1918, 
aged 08 yeara. She bad been a member of the Church of the 
Brethren for nbout forty years. Services by Eld. A. N. Hyl- 
ton. Interment in PJeaBaut Hill cemetery.— Pernie L. DlckerBon. 
Willis, Va. 

Brandt, Annie M., daughter of Brother and Sister Henry D. 
Keeney, died of influenza, at the home of her parents, near 
Behrersburg, Pa., Oct. 27, 1918, aged 18 years, 2 months nnd 18 
days. She married Boy Brandt juat one week before her death. 
She leaves ber husband, parents, live sisters and four brotbera. 
Services by Eld. Jacob Pfoutz. Interment in Zelglcr's ceme- 
tery.— J. P. Merkey, llehrersburg, Pa. 

Bro baker, Everet Bay and Ann* Estbsr, children of B. M. 
and Mary Brubaker, of Prairie City, Iowa, died of pneumonia, 
preceded by Influenza. Dec. 7, 1018. nnd Dec. 8, 1018, aged 5 
monlhB and days, and 7 years and 4 months, respectively. 
Father, mother and three brothers survive. Services by the 
writer. Interment in the Proirle City cemetery.— Jbb. Q. Gotlgli- 
nour, Ankeuy, Iowa. 

Bruuk, Sister Lenule A., died Dec. 2, 1018, aged 34 years, 3 
montliB and 24 daya. She united with the Church of the Breth- 
ren in 1018. She married Oliver Bruuk April 9, 1004. To this 
union were born three bohb and one daughter who survive, to- 
gether with her in. I'.ui'i, molher, three sisters and two brothers. 
Bervlces by the writer. Text, Philpp. 7: 21. Burial in the 
Olathe cemetery.— II. T. Brubaker. Olathe, KanB. 

CampbeU, Mary Alice, dnughter of Brother and Sister J. W. 
Campbell, died of pnuumonln, following Influenza, Dec., 14, 1918, 
uged 14 years, 5 months and 15 days. She Is survived by her 
father, mother, one sister and three brothers. She united with 
the Church of the Brethren nt the age of eleven, nnd lived a 
devoted Christian life. Services at the home by Bro. O. E. Losh- 
buugb. Interment In the Edna cemetery.— Zuda Loshbaugh, Hol- 
low, Okla, 

Corbin, SiBter Vesta Fern, daughter of Brother and Sister 
John W. Corbin, dlea at ber home nenr Dayton, Vn., Oct. 30, 
1918, from n complication of diseases, following an attack of 
Spanish. Influenza, aged 20 years. 1 month and 22 days. Sister 
VeBta was a very bright girl, living a faithful life in the 
church of her choice, with which she united almost four years 
ago. She is survived by ber parents, two sisters and four 
brothers. Services and interment at Weavers (Meunoiilte) 
church, conducted by Bro. L. S. Miller, assisted by Bro. D. W. 
Bucklew. — S. I, Bowman, Harrisonburg, Va. 

Cosner. Adam, son of David CoBner. died Dec. 3, 1018, aged 
83 years, months uud 10 days. He leaves two eons, one 
brother and several grandchildren. June 23, 1850, be mnr- 
rled Anna Cooper. To this union were born four sons and one 
dnughter. He was u faithful member of the church. In 1800 
his brst wife died and he later niurrled Elizabeth C. Riuker who 
died in 1005. Burial at Grassy ltidge. Services by the writer.— 
Earl C. Cosner, Gormania, W. Va. 

Cox, Plezzle, son of Brother and Sister Jacob Cox, died of 
Influenza, Nov. 3. 1018, aged 25 years, 11 mouths and 27 days. 
He married Susie Wilson and to this union were born two 
children. He leaves bis wife, two children, mother, father, two 
brothers and five sisters. Services by Eld. A. N. Hylton. In- 
terment in Pleasant Hill cemetery.— Pernie I>. Dickerson, Willis, 

Cross, Bro. Wm. U., born nt Sines, Md., died of influenza at 
CrelBn, Md„ Oct. 23, 1018, aged 23 yearB and 8 months. Bro. 
Cross is survived by bis wife, father, one brother and a sister. 
Be united with the Church of the Brethren iu early Ufe, being 
Installed as deacon in 1910, and several years luter was called 
to the ministry, in which he served faithfully. Services at 
Pine Grove church by Bro. E. T. Fike. — Zenas L. Mellott, Sines, 

Bcaxdorff, Bro. John Elbert, born in Missouri, died Nov. 2, 
1018, near Brumbaugh, N, Dak., aged 36 years, 4 months and 
21 dayB. In 1904 he married Olive Calvert, who survives, to- 
gether with four children, father, mother, four brothers and five 
sisters. He was a member of the church, serving as deacon for 
several years. Service* by Bro. Geo. Steveps, of Ellison, N. Dak., 
and Bro. E. H. StauDer, of the Brumbaugh church.— Mrs. Lydia 
Deal, Bock Lake, N. Dak. 

Beardorff, Charles Franklin, born in Wabash County, Ind., 
died at his borne, near Bock Lake, N. Dak., Oct. 31, 1918, aged 
32 yearB, 10 months and 12 days. Iu 1908 he married ElEle 
Jane Robertson. He was a member of the church, serving as 
deacon, besides being an active Sunday-school worker. He 
leaves wife, father, mother, four brothers and five sisters. Serv- 
ice* by Bro. Geo. Stevens, of Ellison, N. Dak., and Bro. E. H. 
Stauffcr, of the Brumbaugh church. — Mrs. Lydia Deal, Rock 
Lake, N. Dak. 

Dickerson, Sister Matilda J., nee Quessenberry, died Nov. 23, 
1918, aged 80 years, 2 months and 20 days. She married Bro. 
Ira J. Dickerson. To tbl* union were born six children, one 
of whom died in infancy. Surviving are husband and five chil- 
dren. She was a member of the Church of the Brethren for 
thirty-eight years and lived a consistent Christian life. Serv- 
ice* by Eld. A. N. Hylton. Interment in Pleasant Hill ceme- 
tery.— Pernie L. Dickerson, Willie, Va. 

EIrod, Bro. Calvin, aon of Brother and Sister Wiley C. Elrod, 
born In Washington County, Va., died Dec. 10, 1918, aged 40 
years. 8 months and 14 day*. He had planned to unite with the 
church some time ago, but owing to sickness he was not re- 
ceived until Dec. 7. He leaves his wife, mother, three sisters 
and three brothers. Services by Eld. D. F. Bowman at the 
home. Burial in the Pleasant View cemetery. — Mary Bowman, 
Johnson City, Tenn. 

Etslncer, Mrs. Pearl, nee Ecklebarger, wife of Samuel Et- 
slnger, born in Goshen, Ind., died at the home of Brother nnd 
Sister John Etslnger, Dec. 13, 1018, aged 18 years, 10 months 
and 3 days. She was the daughter of Theo. and Cora Eckle- 
barger. She married Samuel Etslnger Jan. 2, 1918. She is. 
survived by ber husband, father, mother, one sister and one 
brother. Services at the Union Center church by the writer, as- 
sisted by Eld. David Anglemyer. — Iverson E. Mlshler, New 
Pari*, Ind. 

Fansler, Bro. John, died of strangulated heroin nt the Cnr- 
thape Hospital, Mo.. Nev. 28, 1018. aged 70 years. He was a 
faithful member of tbe church for many years. Burial at 
Adrian. Mo.— J. L. Swltter. Carterville, Mo. 

FUnrhbnnch, Emery, died at the home of bis parents, York. 
Pa., Nov. 29, 1918, aged 1 year, 4 months and 13 days. Services 
at tbe house by Eld. J. A. Long. Text, 2 Bam. 12: 23. In- 
terment in Mount Rose cemetery. — Alice E. Trimmer, York. Pa. 

Ftcy, Catherine B., nee Young, born nenr Milton Grove, Pa., 
died in Girard, III., Dec. 4, 1018, aged 77 years, 8 month* and 
12 days. In 1871 she married Jacob S. Frey who, with two 
children, preceded her. Two children survive. She united with 
the Church of the Brethren while young. Services at the 
Girard church by Eld. M. Flory. assisted by Eld. I. J. Harsh- 
barger. Interment In the Pleasant Hill cemetery.— Ethel Hnrsb- 
bnrgor, Girard, 111, 

Grossnlckle, Sister May, wife of Bro. M. S. Grossnlckle, died 
at her home nt Laurens, Iowa; of pneumonia, following in- 
fluenza, Oct. 16. 1918, aged 36 years, 10 months nnd 25 days. She 
was the daughter of Brother and Sister Wm. H. Gnffin, of Mt. 
Morris, III She has been a consistent member of the Church 
of the Brethren since she was ten years old, nnd took a very 
active pnrt In nil church work. She lenves her husband, two 
sons, fnther, molher, two sisters and one brother. Services at 
the home by Bro. H. H. Wingert, of Klngsley, Iowa. — Mrs. F. 
E. Wingert, Franklin Grove. 111. 

Ill]], Kyle W., son or Geo. and Alice Hill Hill, died of pneu- 
motila. following inflnenzn, Oct. 22, 1018. aged 27 years, 3 months 
nnd 16 days. He was n member of tbe Metbodlst church. He 
married Nolo. Dickerson March 31, 1016. To this union wns 
born one child. He leave* wife, one child, father, mother, three 
brothers and three sisters. Interment in the cemetery near his 
home, — Pernie L. Dickerson, Willis, Va. 

hi. .■■■!. Slater Barbara, wife of Martin II. Horst, of Canton, 
Ohio, died after an Illness of thirteen years, Oct. 15, 1005, she 
suffered a stroke. Three years later she suffered the second 
stroke. In March, 1018, she suffered the third. From that time 
on she wns entirely helpless. The end came very peacefully 
Dec. 1, 1018, at the ace of 71 years, 11 months and 12 days. 
She united with the Church of the Brethren in 1883 nnd was 
faithful until tbe end. Her work is finished. She Is gone but 
not forgotten. She leaves her husband, three sons, two sis- 
ters nnd nine grandchildren. Services by Bro. Adam Miller. 
Text, John 14: 1. Services nnd Interment nt the Valley Chapel 
church. — Rachel A. Mohn, Louisville, Ohio. 

Huffman, Mnry Viola, daughter of Mason L. and Belle Huffman, 
died of pneumonia, following Spanish influenza, Nov. 13, 1918, 
nged 11 years, 3 months and 2 days. She is survived by father, 
mother, two brothers and one sister. Interment in the Brum- 
baugh cemetery. — John Deal, Bock Lake, N. Dak. 

Inks, Clara Ethel, daughter of Brother nnd Sister Chas. Inks, 
born Nov. 4, 1S95, nt Llgonier, Ind.. died Nov. 16, 1018. at We- 
n a tehee. Wash., aged 23 years and 12 days. She became a mem- 
ber of the Church of the Brethren at an early ago, and con- 
tinued faithful until her death. Two years ago she enrolled 
in the Nurses' Training Course at the Deaconess Hospital nt 
Wenatchee, nnd would have graduated next year. While about 
her duties, during the epidemic of influenza, she contracted the 
dread disease, and passed away after but a week's Illness. She 
lenves father, mother and four sisters. Services at the gravo 
by the writer, assisted by Eld. J. J. Fllbrun. Interment nt 
the Valley View cemetery in East Wenatchee. — Warren Slabaugh, 
Wenatchee, Wash. 

Kelly, Mattfe L., daughter of Brother and Sister Daniel Clark, 
died Nov. 10, 1918, of influenza, followed by pneumonia, aged 30 
years, 11 months and 8 days. She united with the Church of 
the Brethren when fourteen years old. She leaves her husband, 
three daughters, father, mother, four brothers and three sis- 
ters, Services by Bro. A. M. Lnughrun. Interment In Snow's 
Chapel cemetery. — Lois P. Clark, Johnson City, Tenn. 

Kendlg, Robert L., only son' of E, L. and Annie E. Kendig, 
died of pneumonia, following Spanish Influenza, Oct. 12, 1918, 
nged 29 years, 1 month and 23 days. He leaves father, mother, 
one sister, wife nnd child. He united with the Church of the 
Brethren at the age of twelve and was especially gifted in Sun- 
day-school work. — Mary Forrer, Stuarts Draft, Ta, 

Eientz, Mary, born in Darke County, Ohio, died at the home 
of her daughter, Mr, G. G. Harmon, in San Diego, Cal„ of 
pneumonia, following Spanish Influenza, Dec. 12, 1018, aged 85 
years nnd 14 days. Sister Klentz united with the Church of 
the Brethren when ten years old and was a faithful mem- 
ber. She waB tbe mother of thirteen children, five of whom 
preceded her. Services by the writer in San Diego, — Eugene 
W. Pratt, Santee, Cal. 

Kurtz, Amanda, daughter of John and Christina Overholser, 
died Dec. 16, 1918. aged 02 years, 3 months and 7 days. She be- 
came a member of the Church of the Brethren in 1894. She 
wns united in ninrrlnge to Bro. Lewis Kurtz in 1893. To this 
union were born <five children, alt of whom survive. Besides the 
children she Is survived by ber husband, her mother, one 
brother, three sisters and two grandchildren. A short service 
wns held at the home, 203 Kenyon Avenue. Elkhart. Ind., after 
which the body was taken to the Yellow Creek church, where 
services were conducted by Bro. Frank Kreider and E. C. Swl- 
hart.— Mrs. M. B. Stuck. Elkhart. Ind. 

■ .!,..,. wi. Polly, dnughter of John and Elizabeth Alwinc, born 
in Somerset County, Pa„ died in Goshen, Ind., Dec. fl, 1918, 
nged SO years, 5 montbB nnd 18 days. She married Lewis Leh- 
man Sept. 28, 1850. To this union were born three sons and 
two daughters. She became a member of the Church of the 
Brethren about thirty-eight years ago. Surviving her are hus- 
band, two sons nnd two daughters. Services by Elders Hiram 
Forney and I. L. Berfeey. Burial In Alwlne cemetery. — Mrs. 
Osle G. Brnmbaugb, Goshen, Ind. 

Lute, Sister Mary Ann, daughter of Brother and Sister Henry 
McQunte, born in Lebanon County, Pa,, died of heart trouble 
nt Shiloh, Ohio, Dec. 12, 1918, aged 62 years, 8 months and 12 
daya. She married W. H. Lutz Sept. 25, 1879. To this union 
were born two sons, one of whom died two years ago. She 
has beeu a faithful member of the Church of the Brethren 
since she was nineteen years old. Services at the home by 
Bro. Lester Heisey. Text, Heb. 4: 9. Interment In the Shiloh 
cemetery. — Mrs. Emma Heisey, Mansfield, Ohio. 

McMulIen, Alice Virglnln, wife of Albert McMullen, died Nov, 
-17, 1018, aged 51 years nnd 1 day. She 1b survived by her hus- 
band, four children, father, stepmother, several brothers and 
sisters. Interment In Welsh Run cemetery. Services at the 
borne by Bro. Jacob S. Keller, assisted by Bro. L. E. ElUott. — 
Mrs. Sarah A. Keller, Mercersburg, Pa. 

.'■ i. in. Mary, nee Brumbaugh, born in Hnrtville, Ohio, died 

in Goshen, Ind., Dec. 9, 1918, aged 88 years, 1 month and 12 
dnys. She mnrrled Daniel Madiera June 8, 1848. To them were 
born twelve children. She was a faithful member of the 
Church of the Brethren for more than fifty-five yeara. Her 
husband and two children preceded her. Ten children, thirty 
grandchildren and twenty-four great-grandchildren survive. 
Services by Eld. Hiram Forney. — Mrs. Osle G, Brumbnugb, Go- 
shen, Ind. 

Motzcar, Charles Clifford, born in New Weston, Ohio, died 
of complications following influenza, Dec. 8, 1018, aged 19 yearB, 
months and 12 days. Although he never made a confession 
of faith, he was a regular attendant at Sunday-school. Serv- 
ices at the United Brethren church by Rev. Alfred Kissel, of 
Horatio. Ohio.— C. D. Miller, New Weston, Ohio. 

MUler, Luella M-, daughter of Melvin and Rozett Miller, died 
In Mercersburg, of pneumonia, following influenza, Nov. 27, B)18, 
nged 2 yenrs and 18 dnys. She is Burvived by father, mother 
and one brother. Services In the home by Bro. Jacob S. Keller, 
assisted by Bev. Busey, of the United Brethren church. In- 
terment in Mercersburg cemetery. — Sarah A. Keller, Mercers- 
burg, Pa. 

Miller, Sister Fannie, wife of John W. Miller, died Nov. 26, 
1018, aged 61 yearB, 8 months and 8 days. Her husband pre- 

ceded her about a year ago. Sister Miller was a faithful mem- 
ber of tbe Church of the Brethren. She leaves one daughter 
and three sons. Services at the Old church by Dr. John S. 
Flory, assisted by Bev. M. Stephens, of the Methodist church. 
Burial In the cemetery near the church. — M. A. Good, Bridge- 
water, Va. 

MUler, Sister Sophia Conning, born near Hanover, Germany, 
came to America with ber mother when a small child. She 
died Dec. 5, 1918, aged 76 years, 11 months and 20 days. She 
married Isaac MUler In June 1866. To this nnlon were born 
three sons and three daughters, — two eons and two daughters 
having died when small. She onlted with the Church of the 
Brethren Bome fifty years ago and lived a consistent life. Serv- 
ices nt the home by Bro. B. F. Ooshorn. Interment at Maple 
Grove cemetery.— Mae Mltchel, Saline City, Ind. 

Mlshler, Bro. Moses, born In Kosciusko County, Ind., died of 
Spanish influenza and pneumonia, Dec. 12, 1018, aged 35 years, 
5 months and 9 dayB. He married Laura Norrls In 1905. To 
this union were born two sons and a dnughter. He united with 
the Church of the Brethren in 1907 and wns elected to the 
office of deacon Sept 26, 1009. He leaves wife, three children, 
one brother, stepmother and grandmother. Services by the 
writer, nssiBted by Brethren Daniel Wysong and Leroy Fisher, 
at the Gravelton house. Interment In the Union Center ceme- 
tery. — Henry Wysong, Nappanee, Ind. 

Mondabangh, Wm. Howard, 'born in Ogle County, III., died 
nt Sheldon, town, Nov. 28, 1018, aged 76 year* and 10 days. Bro. 
Mondnbaugh was a consistent Christian, serving as deacon for 
nearly a quarter of a century. Ho Is survived by his wife and 
two sons. Services by the writer, assisted by the pastor of 
the Christian church.— J. E. Rolston, Sheldon, Iowa. 

Netzley, Sister Anna Martin, born in Lancaster County, Pa., 
died at her home in Glendorn, Cal., Dec. 8, 1018, aged 01 years, 
8 months and 16 dnys. The cause of her death was heart 
failure. She married Uriah Netzley In 1852. To them were 
born five sons and two daughters, one daughter having preceded 
her. Besides the husband and children she leave* twenty-two 
grandchildren and twenty-six great-grandchildren. She united 
with the Church of the Brethren many years ago. Services by 
Bro. G. H. Bashor, assisted by Bro. Yundt. Burial In Oak- 
dnle cemetery. — Sallle E, Miller, Glendora, Cal. 

Patterson, Helen Geneva, daughter of Brother nnd Sister Her- 
man Patterson, died of pneumonia following Influenza, Dec, 1, 
1918, nged 6 years, 1 month and 23 days. Services at the home 
by Bro. I. R. Beery. Burial In Maple Lawn cemetery. — Mattle 
Welty, Flora, Ind. 

Phlllpps, John Wesley, son of Brother and Sister John W. 
Phlllpps, died Dec. 12, 1918, aged 1 year, 6 months and 26 days. 
Services nt the Sugorland church by Eld. John S. Fike.— Goldle 
S. Judy, Eglon, W. Va, 

Reber, Sister Mnggle, wife of Bro. Jacob Rcber, died at the 
bome of her parents, Brother and Sister Geo. E. Keeney, near 
Bethel. Pa., of influenza, Dec. 12, 1918, aged 18 years, 1 month 
and 12 days. She united with the Church of the Brethren when 
eleven yenrs of nge, and has been an active member. She 
leaves her husband, parents, one sister and two brothers. Serv- 
ices at the home by Eld. E. M. Wenger and Bro. S. Q. Meyer. 
Text, Jer. 15: and 1 Sam. 20: 18. Interment In Zelgler'B ceme- 
tery. — J. P. Merkey, Rehrersburg, Pa. 

Roed, Bro. Ell, born in Floyd County, Va., died Dec. 10, 1918, 
aged 67 years, 5 months and 16 days. In 1873 he married Delilah 
Booth. To this union were born two Bona and three daughters. 
His wife died In 1896, and he later married Alma Bowman, who 
survives, together with two sons, three daughters, one brother 
nnd one sister. He united with the Church of the Brethren in 
18S0, serving as deacon for thirty years. Services at the Beaver 
Creek church by Bro. A. N. Hylton and the writer. Inter- 
ment In tbe Reed cemetery. — N. S. Mannon, Floyd, Va. 

Royer, Lawrence Edwin, died Oct, 16, 1918, aged 15 yenrs, 9 
months and 28 days. Denth was caused by Influenza. Besides 
his parents he leaves one sister and eight brothers, one of whom 
Is in France. Another, who was with the American Expedition- 
ary Forces, Is now on his way home. Lawrence was baptized 
in 1014 and lived faithful until the end.— Mrs. Wm. Royer, 
Cnnton, Ohio. 

Shiver, Lydia Rebecca, daughter of Mrs, Martin Shiver, died 
at Mercersburg, Pa., of influenza, Dec. 7, 1918, aged 14 years, 1 
month and 10 days. She is survived by her mother, three broth- 
ers and three Bisters. Services by Bro. Jacob S. Keller. In- 
terment at Licking Creek church. — Sarah A- Keller, Mercers- 
burg, Pa. 

Shiver, Susan Flora, daughter of Mrs. Martin Shiver, died 
of influenza, Dec. 6, 1918, aged 5 years, 1 month nnd 12 dnys. 
Services in the home by Bro. Jacob S. Keller. Interment nt 
Licking Creek church cemetery. — Sarah A. Keller, Mercers- 
burg, Pa. 

Bhowalter, Sister Ida Susan, died nt her home, near Hinton. 
Va.. Dec. 12, 1018, aged 44 years and 8 months. Her sickness 
wns of short duration, yet she bore it patiently, and had the 
privilege of enjoying the blessing of the anointing service. Sister 
Ida wns of a very cheerful disposition, full of Christian zenl. 
She united with the Church of the Brethren when young, and 
lived a consecrated life. She was a faithful teacher in the Hinton 
Grove Sunday-school for a number of years. She leaves, be- 
sides her mother, two sisters and five brothers. Services and 
interment at Weavers (Mennonite) church, by Bro. B. S. Lnndes 
and Eld. J. M. Kagey, Text, Acts 20: 24. — S. I. Bowmun, Har- 
risonburg, Va. 

Shrlnsr, Minnie, dnughter of William and Lodane Slipper, 
born in Caes County, Mich., died In Elkhart, Ind., Dec. 18, 1918, 
aged 38 years, 6 months and 21 days. Deceased was united in 
marriage to Henry Shriner Dec. 24, 1906. She leaves her husband, 
her mother, one Bister and one brother. A short Bervice was 
held at the home nt 810 Cleveland Avenue. The remain* were 
taken to Cassopolis, Mich., for burial. Services by Bro. B. C. 
Swlhart.— Mrs. M. B. Stuck, Elkhnrt, Ind. 

Snowbcrger, Ira James, died of influenza Dec, 15, 1018, aged 
32 years, 9 months and 13 days. He married Sister Florlne 
Holland and soon after united with the church, serving for n 
number of yenrs as deacon. He Is survived by his wife, three 
children and one Bister. Services by Elders Brice Sell, J, B. 
Miller and the writer. Text. Matt. 14: 22, 36. Burial In the 
Riverview cemetery. — Jas. A. Sell, HoIIldaysburg, Pa. 

Spldle, Margaret, died July 17, 1918, aged 82 years, 9 months 
and 22 days. She was the daughter of Jacob and Sarah Shively 
Marker. April 4, 1858, she married John Spldle. To this union 
were born seven children, two of whom, with the fnther, pre- 
ceded her. SlBter Spblle united with the church flfty-flve years 
ago nnd was a faithful member. Services nt Gettysburg by 
Brethren Jesse StutBman nnd A. H, Welmer. — Anna Witwer, 
Greenville, Ohio. 

Splcer, Iva Irene, born in Blttersvllle, Pa., died at the home 
of her father in Blttersvllle, Nov. 20, 1918, nged 21 years, 7 
months and 16 days. Death was due to Influenza and pneu- 
monia. She is survived by an infant child, her fnther, three 
sisters and onev brother . Services nt the Church of God, Wind- 
sor, Pa„ by Eld. D. Y, BrUlhart.— S. C. Godfrey, Red Lion, Pn. 

Stone, John, born In Juniata County, Pa,, died at Zlon, N. 
Dak., Dec. 0. 1918, aged 03 years, i month and 3 days. He 
married Mary Delhi Nov, 22, 1852. To this union were born 
eight sons and five daughters. He leaves his wuTe, six sons, 
five daughters, a number of grandchildren and Bevernl great- 
grandchildren. He was a consistent member of the Church of the 
Brethren for many yeara. Services by the writer, assisted by 
Eld. Geo. K. Miller.— J. D. Kesler. Zlon, N. Dak. 

THE. GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1919 



Strickler.— Bro. Adnm Cleveland, born In York County. Pa., 
died at Lin home in "Windsor. Pa., Nor. 16. 1018. aged 28 years. 
1 month and 13 days. His death was caused by pneumonia, 
following influenza. He united with the church about four 
months ago. He is survived by his wife, child and parents. 
Services nt the Church of God, "Windsor. Pa., by Eld. D. T. 
Brlllhart.— S. C. Godfrey, Red Lion, Pa. 

Suramerftcld, Jos., died July 4, 1018, aged 09 years, 8 months 
and 14 days. He was a member of the Church of the Breth- 
ren for over forty years. Services nt the Onego church by Eld. 
John S, Fike.— Goldle S. Judy, Eglon, "W. Vn. 

Tire. Sister Hazel Anna, youngest daughter of Ellas and Es- 
ther Tice, born at Rldgevlllt, Ind., died at the bom* of her 
brother at Marion, Ohio, Dec. 17, 1918, aged 25 years, 10 months 
and 25 days. She leaves two brothers and two sisters. She 
united with the Church of the Brethren in 1913, nnd has ever 
lived a devoted Christian life. Services nt the home by Bro. 
Goo. llenrdorrf, of Marlon, assisted by Eld. Guthrie, of Wyan- 
dot. Text, Rev. 14: 13. Burial In the Marion cemetery. — Rachel 
Bowman, Marlon, Ohio. 

Tobias. Bro. Timothy L., born in Lebanon County, Pa., died 
of Influenza, Dec. 10, 1918. aged 42 years and 1 day. He mar- 
ried Permilla Hummel, To this union were born three daugh- 
ters and two sons, nil of whom survive, together with an 
aged mother. He united with the church when a young man. 
Services at the home by Brethren E. M. "Wenger, J. "W. Meyer 
and E. "W. Edris. Text, Rom. It 17. Interment in the Union 
cemetery.— J. P. Merkcy, Rehrersburg, Pa. 

Toustcn, Sister Margaret, wife of Bro. Andrew Tousten. died 
in the Welsh Run congregation, Pa., of double pneumonia, fol- 
lowing influenza, Dec. 10, 1918, aged 51 yenrs and 20 days. She 
was n member of the church for mnny years. She- is sur- 
vived by her husband and four children. Services nt the home 
by Bro. Jacob S. Keller. Interment in the "Welsh Run ceme- 
tery. — Mrs. Sarah A. Keller, Mercersburg, Pa. 

Westfall, Cleo Gladys, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Jesse "West- 
fall, died Dec. 6. 1018, aged 3 years. 8 months and days. Death 
was caused by being severely burned. She leaves father, mother, 
one brother and one sister. Services at the Maple Spring 
church by Eld. Moses Pike.— Goldle S. Judy, Eglon, "W. Va. 

Whitehead, Sister Nettle Neff, born In Elthnrt County. Ind., 
died Dec. 4, 1918, aged 45 years, 10 months and days. She 
married Bro. Geo. ^Whitehead Oct. 21, 1894. To this union were 
born two sons. She was the daughter of John F. and Elizabeth 
Neff. She united with the Church of the Brethren when about 
twenty years old. She is survived by her husband, two sons, 
mother, one sister nnd seven brothers. Services at the home 
by Eld. David Anglemyer. Burial In Maple Grove cemetery.— 
Iversou E. Mishler, New Paris, Ind. 

Whitney, Viola Ruth, nee Forney, daughter of Brother and 
Sli+er Jonas Forney, of Morrill, Kans., born Nov. 16. 1892, died 
at home in Belleville, Knns,, of pneumonia, following In- 
fluenza, Nov. 26, 1918, nged 26 years and 10 days. She was 
united In marriage to Mr. Lee Whitney Dec. 14. 1010. To this 
union five children were born, Last spring the Holy Spirit 
brought conviction to the heart of Sister Rnth, nnd June 1 she 
was received into the church by baptism. While her new life 
was brief, It was full of joy, and _ the end was glorious. A 
short service was conducted nt the grave by the writer. In- 
terment in the Morrill cemetery, Morrill, Knns.~C. B. Smith, 
Morrill, Knns. 

Williams, Thurlough Edmoud, Infant son of Brother and 
Sister John Williams, died of pneumonia and brain fever, fol- 
lowing influenza, Dec. 14, 1918, aged 5 months and 20 days. He 
leaves father, mother nnd three brothers. Services at the home 
by Bro. P. L. Fike. Interment in the Brethren cemetery.— Tillie 
Deidiker, Peace Valley, Mo. 

Wolford, Sister Geanetta, wife of Bro. David Wolford, died 
at Santa Ana, Cal„ of paralysis, Nov. 10, 1918, aged 40 years. 
She leaves a husband, one son, one daughter nnd an adopted 
daughter. The remains were brought to Pennsylvania for 
burial ip Green Mountain cemetery. Services In the church at 
Waterford, Pa„ by Bro. M. J. Brougher, of Greensburg, Pa. 
Text, John 14: 1-4.— Mrs. W. E. Wolford. Ligonler, Pa. 

zlegler, Elmer C, died of Influenza and pneumonia, Dec. 13, 
1018, aged 20 years, 10 months and 23 days. He was a member 
of the Friends Church at Flshertown. He is survived by his 
parents, one brother nnd two sisters . Services at the home by 
Brethren James and Brlce Sell and Rev. Gross. Interment in 
Flshertown cemetery.— Sara A, Potter, East Freedom, Pa. 

Zimmerman, Bro. Wm., son of John and Wllhelmina Zim- 
merman, born In Germany, died at the Soldiers' Home In Marlon, 
Ind., Dec. 13, 1018, aged 72 years, 2 months and 3 days. He 
came to America with his [ arents when seven years old. June 
- 8 1871 he married Susan f . Davis, who died a year ago. To 
this union were born eleve; children, eight of whom survive. 
He united with the church in early manhood. Services by the 
writer in Lognnsport. Text, Job 5: 26. Interment in Mt. Hepe 
cemetery.— J. G. Stinebaiigh, Camden, Ind. 


. •* .** , * o* j* ji jt jt j* j* j* jt j« jt jt jt jt je t * j( ,.* v -* je j« jt j* t •* 


To the Best of Cooks 


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Cook Books 

Were sold by the hundreds for Xraas presents 
simply because they are the most practical and 
economical cook books on the market. 

Revised Inglenook Cook Book 75c 

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No. 6601. The Man for the Hour. Same as No. 5600 
above but with different lettering. 


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others can raise money selling our Scripture Text ^ 

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terms and instructions. fc 

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marvel of artistic bean- r 

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useful gift for a birth- * 

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frleudly recognition. , 

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Each International * 

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t>tlMl l l M 






General Mission Bonrd.-H. C. Early, Chairman, Penn Laird, 
Va - Otlio Winger, Vlce-Chnirman, North Manchester, Ind., J. 
J Tod" Mcpherson, Kans.; A. P. Blough, 1315 Grant Ave., 
Waterloo' Iowa; Chas. D. Bonsack, New Windsor. Md.; Llfs 
Advisorv ' Member, D. L. Miller. Mt. Morris, 111. Secretary- 
Treasurer for the Board, J. H. B. Williams, Elgin, 111. 

General Sunday School Board.-H K Ober, Chairman Blizn- 
bethtowu Pa : S. S. Blough, Vice-Chairman, Astoria, 111.; Jas. 
M alohle'r Treasurer, Leeton, Mo.; Ezra Flory. 3435 Tan Buren 
Street Chicago; C. S. Ikenberry, Daleville. Va. Secretary for 
the Board, J. E. Miller, Elgin, 111. 

General Educational Board.-D. W. Kurtz, President McPher- 
sua Kans ■ D M Gnrver. Vice-President. Trotwood, Ohio; J. 8. 
Fln'rv Briugewater Vn. ; D. C. Iteber, North Manchester. Ind. ; 
J. W Lear, Decatur, 111. Secretary for the Board, H. A. Brandt, 

EI Temi)Oronco Committee.— P. J. Blough. Chnirmaa, Hoovers- 
ville Pa.; A. J. Culler, Secretary, Mcpherson, Kans.; J. Cnr- 
eon Miller, Treasurer, Mooces Store, Va. 

Peace Committee.— W. J. Swlgart, Chairman, Huntingdon. Pa.; 
A C Wieand, Secretary. 3135 Van Buren Street. Chicago; Jacob 
Funk Treasurer, Wiley, Colo. 

Homeless Children Commlttee.-Frank Fisher President, Mex- 
ico, Ind.; P. S. Thomas, Secretary. Harrisonburg, va. ; B. E. 
John, Treasurer, McPherson, Kans. 

Committee on Dress Reform.— E M. Stndebaker, Chairman. 
McPherson, Knns.; J. J. John. Vlce-Chslrmon New Windsor 
Md ■ Lydla E. Taylor, Secretary-Treasurer, Mt. Morris, III., 
Eva'Trostle, 3435 Van Buren Street, Chicago; Mary Polk Ellen- 
berger, Mound City, Mo. 

Tract Examining CommIttce.-T. T. Myers. Chairman .Hunt- 
ingdon. Pa.; Edgar Kothrock. Secretary. Holmesvllle Nebr. ; B. 
B. Hoff. May wood. 111.; Jas. M. Moore. Lanark, 111.; J. P. 
Dickey, La Verne, Cnl. 

Glsh Committee— J. E. Miller, Chairman. Elgin. 111.; H. A. 
Brandt. Secretary, Elgin* 111.; J. W. Lear, Decatur, 111. 

General OIBoers of Slaters' Aid Societies.— Mrs M. C. Swlgart 
President. 6P.11 Germantown Ave.. Philadelphia. Pa.; Mrs. Naomi 
Shaw Vlcc-Presideat. 1249 East 13th Street. Des Moines. Iowa; 
Mrs. 'Levi Mlnnlch, Secretary-Treasurer, Greenville, Ohio. 
■ General Railway Transportation Agent.— P. S. Miller, Roanoke, 

The Gospel Messenger 

No one can afford to do without the "Messenger," that is why one sister, poor in this 
world's goods, writes that she saves small coins throughout the year in order to be sure of 
enough money to pay for her " Messenger." In the same spirit a brother, 76 years old, sent 
in his renewal a few days ago for 5 years. He has read the " Messenger" all his life and 
would not think of doing without his church paper. 

Keep in touch with the Spiritual Life of the Church. Renew your "MES- 
SENGER " subscription. $2 per annum, postage extra to Canada, 50c. (All sub- 
scriptions discontinued on date of expiration if not renewed.) 


Annual Meeting Treasurer.— J. B. Deeter, West Milton, Ohio. 
Auditing committee.— L. JR. Peifer, 3353 Wnlnnt Strtat, Chl- 

Auuinng Lummnw. — u. n. . ,-..c. , ^« 
cago; B. M. Butterbnugh. Warsaw. Ind. 


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Please find inclosed dollars for which 

you may enter my subscription to the " Messenger" 

f or years. Price of the " Messenger," 

$2.00 per year. 


-Town State 

R. D. or Street 

P. S.— INCLUDE 10c for 1919 YEARBOOK 


I,, ,,, 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1919 

The second 
five years for 
That means a. 
tion per year I 
added to the pi 
is not a single 
is very low, — t 
years hence, 
scribed." Thf. 
endowment fo 
leges have rea 
spell " efrkieni 
be Christianiz 
created. Unn 
mum, they are 
dead if she is 
be efficient, an 
the church am 
The third pc 
engaged in re; ^ 
some " special 
who can not 1: I 
already an ah 
not to grant a 
lege departme 
direction. W 
gets its money 
e\ist unless rl 
' of the college 
for religion ai 
dents should sf 
does not refer j 



■ 1 


of the Y, M 
ciations are dt 
to has in mhy 
The fourth 
dents looking 
ice." This 
to the social 
are in every b 
whom are in 
This, again, i 
would be mea«| 
teacher that nie'l' 
of them througj 
of laymen whtfl 

high order. Tl 
the vision and 
nortunity thati 
The fifth poj 
graduates dec^ 
sion work." ' 
in the past th 
have been clas 
a minister, a 
Where graduat ' 
pens. The past 
excellent. An 
that 457o of ; 
are either in t 1 
A\on held. B 
/ that a very s 
/ In some ins' 
enter the mil 
school must 
the future, a 
enrollment, t 
stitute about 
should give t! 
church. If th 
leaders, they w 
Christ will su' 

The goal * 
ment during 
sible. It ca 
done. Muc 1 
These are 
the task laid 
fill ? 

■ ;f 


omclii! Orran of the Churcli of the Brethren 

A rellgloui weekly published by Bratbr*n Publlnhliig noun*, 

10 to 24 South State Street, Elgin. 111. Subscription price, %'£.W 

per Mhiimu. In advance. (Canada subscription* rirtj uanta axtra.) 

D. L. Mil I. Kit, Editor KIIWARI) I KANTZ, OITice Kd'tor 

L. A. PLATE, \ --i -f .iiif Editor 
Special Contributors: H. B. Brumbaugh, Huntingdon. Pn.; J. 
B. Moore. Betartng, Fin.: II. C. Early, Penn Laird, Vn.; A. C. 
Wlenncl, Chicago, III.; D. W. Kurtz, Mi-IMierson, Ivans.; II. A. 
.Brandt, Elgin, 111. 

BoslncBB Manager, R. E. Arnold 

Entered at the Poatofflce at Elgin, 111., aa Secoad-claaa Untrr. 
Acceptance for mailing al apeclal rate of poatage provided (or la 
Btctlon 1103, Act of October 3, 1017, authorized August 20, 1S18. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Png« 13) 
the coming year were elected, with Bro. S. A. Blessing, elder, 
and Bro. Samuel Wenger, Jr., Sunduy-echool Buperlntendeot. 
Bro. Blessing mnde an earnest plea for a strong, united effort 
on the part of the entire membership, In behalf of the work of 
the church for the ensuing year, and the prospects Beem very 
encouraging.— J. Henry Showalter, West Milton, Ohio, Dec. 21. 
White oak church met Sunday afternoon at the home of the 
writer, for a short service, following which two applicants were 
baptized. We ask an interest in the prayers of all, that the 
White Onk church may grow In spirit and In numbers. — H. C. 
Davidson, Lynchburg, Ohio, Dec. 21. 


Big; Creek church met in council Dec. 10, with Eld. N. S. 
Gripe presiding. Bro. Gripe was chosen elder for another year. 
Sister Nellie Klnzle was chosen Sunday-school superintendent, 
and the writer Christian Workers' president. Five letters were 
received and one waa granted. Our Sunday-school recently sent 
$25 to the Orplinns' Home in Enid, Okhi.— Onia HolikTicnd, 
Cushlng, Okla., Dec. IS. 


Mabel congregation mojt in council Dec. 21, to elect officers 
for the coming year. Brethren, H. H. Bitter nnd E. Hileman 
were elected Sunday-school superintendents, nnd Sisters Mary 
B. Rlttcr and Mnrle Roberts. Aid presidents. We missed two 
weeks' services on account of the influenza, but our attendance 
Is about normal again.— H. H. Ititter, Mnbel, Oregon, Dec. 23. 

Myrtle Point church met In council Dec. 7. Bro. C. H. Bark- 
low was elected as elder for the coming year, the writer as 
"Messenger" agent nnd correspondent; SiBter Minnie Hermann, 
Sundny-school superintendent; Sister Nora Knight, Christian 
Workers' president. Two letters were granted. A collection of 
$22.19 was taken for general church work.— Rachel Michael, 
Myrtle Point, Oregon, Dec. IB. 

Portland.— We held our love feast Dec. 14, with Bro. S. P. 
Van Dyke officiating. About fifty enjoyed the feast. A number 
of members from the Newberg congregation were present, as 
well as a good representation of the home members. We were 
glad to have so many young brethren with us at this meeting, 
and also Bro. Joslah Royer, who has been absent on account 
of sickness in the family. Sister Nellie Carl led the song 
service. The spirit of the meeting wbb good. The Sunday morn- 
ing services were also well attended and the visiting members 
were an inspiration and help to us.— Grace W. Hewitt Port- 
land, Oregon, Dec. 18. 

Codoma.— Dec. 8 the Fairview Sunday-school held its Chil- 
dren's Day exercises. The weather was ideal and the attendance 
large. Bro. Daniel Bowser, of the York church, was the prin- 
cipal speaker, dealing largely with the importance of giving 
the right instruction to the young. RemarkB were also made 
by Brethren Crtet and Hoover, of York, and Eld D Y Brill- 
hart. Codorua Sunday-school held its Children's Day exercises 
on the Sunday following. The program consisted of recitations 
and songs, after which Bro. J. J. Bowser, of York gave an 
address. His theme was: "The Seriousness of Living" The 
interest was good, and all participants did well Bro J H 
Keller also gave a short talk, after which n collection' of' $47 
was taken for Armenian Relief.-S, C. Godfrey, Red Lion, Pa., 

tower Cumberland congregation recently closed two series of 
meetings Bro. Nathan Martin, of Elieabethtown. Pa., came 
to the Baker house Nov. 16, and conducted a two weeks' series 
of meetings. We feel that the members were greatly revived 
The meeting closed Nov. 30. Our love feast was held Dec 1 
at the Mohler house. Bro. Martin officiated. A number 'of 
visiting brethren were present. Dec. 2 the series of meetings 
commenced at the Mechanicsburg house, conducted by Bro 
H. S. Gipe, of Hershey, Pa., and contluued until Dec lfl Nine 
were baptized We enjoyed the messages these brethren brought 
us.— J. w. Galley. Mechanicsburg, Pa., Dec. 24, 

Pitt8bur c l,.-Bro. C. Walter Warstler having taken up the 

La S dlTldu t B i bI P n! BbUr l gh , Ch " rCh "*» in Member* JJ 
Ladles Adult Bible Class had arranged a reception in honor of 
Brother and Sister Warstler for Oct. S. On that day the 

nam nil ," *T PUt .° a ' and . the ««Pt»o» was postponed 
until Dec. 12 when we had a very enjoyable and well-attended 
^iJ^f* Ef-J- E - Hol8in e« eave the address of wel- 
come to which Bro. Warstler responded. Three neighboring 
frnrJ £!, ""* "TT* i nd br0Uffht greetings and good wishes 
from their several churches: Dr. C. L. Cartwright, of the Mary 
| n r :" B ; ods ' <*urch, Hev. Gilbert Coudett. of the Squirrel 
Hill Methodist church, nnd Rev. H. M. Harley of the f"s 
Brethren Everybody enjoyed the excellent program rendered 
and also the lunch which the ladies served. After n piensa ut 
evening we departed wishing Bro. Waretler nnd his family 
™»-Mrs. A. O. Horner. Pittsburgh. Pa' 

Smlthfleld church met in council Dec 
Holslnger presiding. Only few changes 
fleers for the coming year. Bro. Holslnger ... 
pastor and elder. Bro. Stover Kulp, of New Enterprise will be 
gin a series of meetings about the first week in February. Bro 
T. T. Myera. of Huntingdon, will talk to us Dec. 2* in he In 
terest^of the Anti-saloon League.-Jno. Perrln. Barbara Pa , 

vm PP £* r Co ^'" aBO church met 1° council at Eaet Berlin Dec 21 
a .'..£" »' ? a ^ er pre8idln e. Two were received hy letter We 

iiny 3 ( and 18. nnd our fall low * — - ■ 
Oct. 18 nnd 10. 

what it should have been, on nccount of sickness nnd other 
causes. From this place we went to the Crowson church, 
seven miles northwest of Lnwrenceburg, and began meetings 
In the evening, continuing until Sunday evening, Dec. 8. As 
an immediate result three promising young people accepted 
Christ as their Savior nnd were baptized, and one was re- 
stored to fellowship. Bro. Edwards preached the Word with 
power, and endeared himself very much to the people while 
here. He is thinking some of making this bis home, since he 
Is well plensed with the country and the prospect of building 
up a strong congregation of our people in this, the heart of 
the great mission field of the South. We would be very glad 
indeed, if nny of our Brethren, who may be traveling south- 
ward to spend the winter, would Btop off at Lnwrenceburg, to 
render nny assistance they may be able to give.— A. M. Basbore, 
Lawrenceburg, Tenn., Dec. 21. 


Bethel.— Dec. 18 Bro. J. A. Miller enmo to us. On account of 
rain and bad ronds, we could not have services at night. We 
held our Council Dec. 19. Bro. J. A. Miller was chosen as 
elder. Sister Elta Miller as " Messenger " agent, and Bro. 
Willis Neff. Sunday-school superintendent. On account of 
sickness we have not kept up our services regularly for some 
time. We meet on Sundny evenings in a community sing, which 
is enjoyed by all.— Minerva Strohm, Kenedy, Tesjas. Dec. 22. 

Mnnvcl.— Bro. J. H. B. Williams was with us Dec. 1 and 2, 
giving us some very interesting sermons. Bro. Brubaker, of 
Nocona, preached the remainder of the week. We had our 
love feast Dec. 7. The following Sunday five accepted Christ. 
Bro. J. Wm. Miller, of San Antonio, expected to be with us 
throughout the week, to help with the singing, but was called 
home because of illness. Dec. 14 we met in council. We elected 
our officers for the coming year, with Bro. M. H. Peters, elder; 
Bro. J. G. Ralrigh, Sunday-school superintendent and Slater 
Jane Badger, Christian Workers' Society president.— Ethel O. 
Peters, Manvel, Tex., Dec. 17. 


Bethlehem.— The Thanksgiving offering, taken at Bethlehem,' 
as recently reported, amounted to $66.35. On the first Sunday 
an offering of $2 was given at the White Oak schoolhouae; one 
of $29 at BInckwnter Chapel and one of $42 at Cedar Bluff,— 
all preaching points In the Bethlehem congregation. These 
amounts, with a few checks sent by other individuals, bring 
the total Thanksgiving offering up to $145. Half of thlB amount 
goes to the General Mission Board nnd half to the war sufferers. 
— E. E. Bowman, Naffs, Va., Dec. 19. 

Mine Bun church met in council Dec. 14, "with Eld. D. M. 
Glick presiding. Bro. D. M. Quann was nppointed Sunday-school 
superintendent for next year. Eld. D. M. Glick was chosen 
as elder in charge for another year. We did not have any church 
services In October, on account of influenza.— R. Anna Brltton, 
Rhoadesviile, Va,, Dec. 38. •* 

Peters Creek church met In council Dec, 7, with Bro. C. B. 
Eller as moderator. Officers for 1919 were elected, with Brethren 
Miller Garst and J. T. Henry, "Messenger" agents, and the 
writer, correspondent. There was $209 due on the Mason's Cove 
churchhouse, built last spring. That amount, with enough to 
cover some other small debts, was easily raised by volunteer 
subscriptions, nnd so we enter the New Year free of debt. Sister 
Lizzie Wimmer was received as an elder's wife, not having 
been present when her husband was ordained. Letters were 
granted to Bro. J. H. Wimmer and family. Bro. Wimmer goes 
to Selma, Va., ns pastor and elder of the church there. We 
wish them much success in their new field of labor.— Mildred 
Naff, Roanoke, Va., Dec 20. 

Trevilian church met in council Dec. 14, wlth~Eld. I. N. H. 
Beahm presiding. Bro. Isaac Neff was chosen elder for the 
coming year. Sister F. M. "White was elected Sunday-school 
superintendent. Bro. F. M. White, of Belmont, has moved Into 
the Trevilian congregation. We are glad to have him nnd his 
family with us. He has consented to conduct a teacher-training 
class for us, beginning with the first of the year.— Rebecca 
Glick, Trevilian, Va., Dec. 20. 


East Wenatchee church met In council Dec. 14, with Eld 
M. F. Woods presiding. Among the items of business was the 
adoption of a constitution which, we believe, will be a great 
help to the working plans of our church. Bro. Warren Sla- 
baugh was chosen elder, with Bro. J. J. Filbrun, assistant. Sis- 
ter Cleo Hemeuger was elected as president of the Christian 
porkers' Society. Because of the growth of our Sunday-school 
it became advisable to organize a Junior Department. We now 
have three departments. With our new officers we hope to have 
a very prosperous new year. We expect to have a series of 
meetings and Bible Institute soon after the first of January 
Bro. Warren Slnbaugh will conduct the Institute, and Bro Paul 
Mohler the meetings. These are to be joint meetings of the 
\\ enatchee and East Wenatchee churches. Our love feaBt was 
postponed for the present, on account of the influenza.— Mrs 
E. R. Eikeaberry, East Wenatchee, Wash., Dec. 16. 

Olympia church met In council Dec. 17, with Bid. D. B. Bby 
presiding Officers were elected for the coming year, with Bro 
iby as elder, Sister Mary Lehman, church correspondent- Bro 
Wesley Lehman, Sunday-school superintendent. Bro. Warren 
Slabaugh, of Yakima, Wash., will hold a two weeks' Bible In- 
stitute, beginning Dec. 23. Our love feast will be held at the 
4.— Bettle Shumate, Olympla, Wash., 

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Send for Your 1919 


(Formerly Brethren Almanac) 

Ten cents will bring you the Yearbook. Renew 
your "Messenger" subscription and send for the 
Yearbook today. 



Put this handsome felt motto in your window and 
',', help the saloon to gol Size 5x9 inches; each 12c. 

7, with Eld. w. H. 
ere made In the of- 

close of our Institute, Jan 
Dec. 2L 

Bearer Kun.-Our Thanksgiving offering for World-wide Mis- 
sions was $30.75. The Sunday-school added ft to this At the 
witn rCT " w-l! 1 ?? ° Ur Su ""»"c"°°' ™s reorganised? 

SKi^M . f rr id O ^U1err„ro^eerdtn° e I BIGGEST OPPORTUNITY OF YEARS 

S, jSMVfflSrTi. ^"'Ar m e„L"\uSf:.-°S t ' 
Arnold, Burlington, W. Va., Dec. .23. F 

feast at the Latlmore house 
_. writer wns reelwli-il Sninlnv-Bchonl mi. 
perintendent for Ea.t Berlin. At our Thonksgivng service, 
the offering „„ oll »tea to J168. half going for hon.e and 1 '„" 
for foreign „l«,l„ n work. Owing to the epidemic of inline m 
the series of meetings, that was <o have been held a East 
fan f "^"."•/t""' W ' Schl »«"". »' Eltabcthtown, w„. 
called. We feel thankful that things look better at 
lag.— Andrew Bowser. East Berlin, Pn.. Dec 

this writ- 

Lawrenceborg. — Bro. 

ward p. 

i". of Joacsboro Tenn 
began preaching Nov. 17 st the Lone Star church, four miles' 
east of Lswrenceburg. continuing until Sundny. Dec 1 Th? if 
Untlon and Interest were good, but the attendance was no 

Knohley congregation met in council Dec. 14. Two com- 

mlttees were appointed and two letters were granted. Dec 1 

three of our ministers were ordained to the eldlrship by Bluer, 

Dec 18^ Arnold.-A. L. Sites, Aatloch, W. Va™ 


,.!'f,. I f , 7 D ^ 2 Br °- J - Edson m "*' •» Onekamo, Mich., 
mo„* t ' l' Ve U " a serIes "' "«""» «»ul-ln.plrlng m, 
Td wc?re SnTr "'" "'"^ • t '«"* l >«"« "» encouraged, 
and we are hoping to see much visible fruit from the work 1^ 
he future. While the attendance was good, it was not wh.t It . 
would have been, had there been less sickness lu th. town 
Some- of our members were not permitted to attend any of th, • • 

r? P „ ,„ * e , WM ' 1 "' w heautlful all during the moet- 
Bro. IJlery closed his meetings on Sundny evening, Dec. 
1 went to Winona, Ind.. to help in arranging the pro 
SS. ""'. C °. m "" : C """'"™- -" 0" recent Thanksgiving 

service an offering w„ sent to the General Mission ITund 

m™°b°'.^, ', * 7 ' 25 - . We WOU " 1 " ke '» «» »° touel, with any 
member, that ore contemplating a change of location, a. wo till 
hat we have advantage, worth, of consideration. We are d" 
ZZ Y , i" B ™™ ,VOrk< " s " > ™ tcd »•'"' <••■ »« we have a 

as Si «e D rr" *" per " , ° a ' w ° rt - wn - =• 



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■ M '- M-K ' fl ■!■' ! ■ - M-Hns . ■:* ■:• •:■ * •;• 

The Gospel Messenger 

"STRETCHING FORWARD. 1 '— Philpp. 3:13 

Vol. 68 

Elgin, 111., January 11, 1919 

No. 2 

In This Number 


Providential Preparation, , ^ 

Why It Is Culled "Movement," - Y* 

Making and Using Money (D. L. M.) 1* 

The Forward Movement itt the Mission Board Meeting, 17 

The Military Exemption Act of 1003 (J. II. M.) 18 

The Open Way into the Book of Revelation (D. L. M.). IS 

The Quiet Hour --3 

Among the Churches ** 

Around the World -° 

Contributors' Forum, — 

Peace Over Earth Again (Poem) IjJ 

The Best for God. By Ezra Flory V* 

The Bird's-eye View of n Missionary Sunday-school. By 

W. G. Nyce , ■ *Jj 

True Courage. By Mrs. J. W. Burnett, ...' -° 

Fruitless Unrest. By W. J. Swlgart -0 

Clearing the Way. By Leo Lillian Wise -1 

The Round Table, — ' 

In Harmony (Poem) jjjj 

Feeding His Sheep. By Vera F. Sellers ^ 

"My Brother." By Jacob Funk -- 

An Opportunity Lost. By Leo Lillian Wise, :•■>-% 

Teaching Missions to Children. By H. A. Claybaugh. .. 2i 

After Rending a Book. . By W. 0. Beckner, 22 

as Seen from an Aeroplane. By Olive A. Smith, -A 

These Constnnt Calls to Give. By Ira J. Lapp ^ 

Home and Family, — 

Angels of the Household (Poem) - 20 

Mandy Miller Enjoys the Evening. By Rose D. Fox, .... M 

Dress an Index to Character. By Mrs. J. Alfred Flora, .. 20 


Providential Preparation 

You would think that such a wonderful work as God 
had marked out for Moses would call for a very won- 
derful kind of preparation. It did. His preparation 
was wonderful. And yet so natural. It was not sud- 
denly and miraculously dropped down on him from the 
skies. He got it through a long, a very long, train of 
events. It was made up of experience with people 
and things,— the people and things he would need to 

How, in spite of the designs of wicked men, his life 
was saved, and the first, years of it spent in the lap of 
his own mother, where he drank in the purest of 
spiritual, as well as physical, nourishment; and how 
the next years came to be spent in the court of Pharaoh, 
where he had access to all the " wisdom of the Egyp- 
tians ". ; and,how still other long years were spent in 
the wilderness, through whkh he was later to lead his 
people,— all this is wonderful inde'ed, and hi is hope- 
lessly stupid who does not see in it the beneficent 
Providence of God. But that Providence,— let it care- 
fully be noted, — consisted not in conferring wisdom 
and preparedness upon him, but in providing him with 
the opportunities. 

That is the way God prepares men for service now. 
Not until you have made diligent use of all the means 
at your command will it be time to ask why God has 
not given you such an equipment for life as he gave 
Moses. And then you will not care to ask. You will 
be too busy in the field of service into which God has 
led yon. _ 

Why It Is Called "Movement" 
It is because, the idea is that it should move. If 
that seems -to you unnecessary, please suggest a better 
way of getting " forward." 

Inertia,— Norton's " Natural Philosophy " used to 
say— is that property of matter, by virtue of which 
a body tends to retain its present state. Something 
like that comfortable feeling that steals over you the 
first warm days of spring. 

Sorry to disturb you, brother, but the time has come 

for you to move. Souls are perishing for want of the 

Bread of Life. The only way to help them is to go 

where they are. ' That means we'll have to move. 

It's the seductive comfort of that " present state " 

that hin,ders. We must move. The trouble is with 
you and you and you and me. When we all get to go- 
ing, the church -will move. And then it will go for- 
ward. _^__— . — — — 

Making and Using Money 

In a recent course of reading, the following gems 
were noted down on money-getting and money-using: 
Every dollar that a man has should be used to the 
glory and honor of God. 

If a man's pocketbook is not converted with his 
soul, the man will not get to heaven with it. 

It is not wrong for a man to make money, but it 
is -wrong for him to spend it foolishly. 

There are certain things that money alone can se- 
cure, but among the things it can not secure or buy, 
is a good character. 

If men loved men as they love the almighty dollar, 
the millennium would be just around the corner. 

Wealth is a curse unless the owners of it bless the 
world with it. 

Everything a man has is God's. On that profound 
principle the whole of human life should rest. We 
are not our own, — we are bought with a price. 

The first duty of every man who has money is to 
ask himself: What would Christ have me do with it? 
The second is to go and do it after hearing the answer. 
" Whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his 
brother have ne«d, and shutteth up his bowels of com- 
passion from him, how dwelleth the love of God in 
him? " 

Most of the evils of our present condition flow out 
of the love of money. The almighty dollar is the 
God of Protestant America. 

The teaching of Christianity about wealth is the 
same as about anything else: It all belongs to God 

and should be used by man as God would use it in 
man's place. 

It is a great mistake, which many people make, — 
church members among the rest, — that the money they 
get is their own, to do with as they please. Men 
have no right to use anything us they please unless 
God pleases so, too. 

It is just as true now as when Paul" said it, nearly 
twenty centuries ago: " The love of money is a root 
of all kinds of evil." It is the curse of civilization. — 
the greatest god of the human race today. 

If all the money, owned by church members, were 
spent to the honor and glory of God, there would be 
fewer costly dwellinghouses and houses of worship, 
fewer expensive automobiles, and very much more 
money given for the great mission work and spreading 
'of the Gospel. 

All wealth, from the Christian standpoint, is in the 
nature of trust funds, to be used as the Administrator, 
— God, — shall direct. No man owns the money for 
himself. The gold is God's, the silver is God's. That 
is the plain and repeated teaching of the Bible. 

The church that thinks more of fine architecture and 
costly furnishings, than of opening its doors to all 
people that may want to hear the Gospel, is a church 
that is mortgaged to the devil for all it is worth, and 
he will foreclose the mortgage at the first opportunity. 
The foolish, unnecessary expenditure of money by 
the world, and church members, too, on their trivial 
pleasures, at a time when men, women and children 
.are starving and crying for food, is a cruel and un- 
christian waste of opportunity and of God's gold. 

A careful reading and study of these gems of 
thought on the money question will be most helpful. 
If found true, live them out in your life and so please 
God. D. l. M. 

The Forward Movement at the Mission Board Meeting 

Last week the Secretary of the General Mission 
Board gave us a comprehensive view of the business 
transacted by the Board at its December meeting. 
Since he could not speak at length of the numerous 
matters mentioned, we have asked his permission to 
state, in a little more detail, what the Board did about 
the Forward Movement. The program had already 
been adopted, as Messenger readers are aware, so that 
there was no question on that point. But the Board 
fully understands that laying out a program and making 
it effective are two entirely different things. It is 
under no illusions as to the nature of the task it has 
undertaken. In evidence of this, we think you will 
be interested in certain measures considered and 
agreed upon. 

Of these none seems to us more significant than the 
preparation of some special Forward Movement litera- 
ture. A group of leaflets, bearing on various phases 
of the program, was authorized. In fact some of the 
manuscript is already in hand. Arrangements for 
this literature are not yet complete, but the following 
definite assignments have been made. 

Bro. H. C. Early, Chairman of the Board, will tell 
"What the Board Would Do With $250,000 An- 
nually." " Fifteen New Missionaries Annually for 
the Next Five Years,— Is It Possible?" is to be an- 
swered by Bro. Galen B. Royer, of Juniata College, 
and long associated with the Mission Board's activ- 
ities. Bro. E. H. Eby, who has just returned to the 
India field, will discuss " The Local Missionary Com- 
mittee and Its W ork -" " A Workable Plan of Sys- 

tematic Giving" is to be worked out and described 
by Bro. Ross D. Murphy, of Shippensburg, Pa. Sister 
Martha Martin, of Elizabethtown, Pa., is preparing a 
treatise on " Mission Study for Juniors." Bro. Edgar 
Rothrock, of Holmesville, Nebr., Secretary of the 
Tract Examining Committee, has been assigned the 
subject, " A New Mission Station Annually in Each 
State District." He is to tell how this can be done 
and what it will mean for the Home Mission Work. 
" Wanted,— Three Hundred Men Annually for the 
Ministry " is the inspiring theme to be handled by 
Bro. V. F. Schwalm, of Manchester College. Bro. 
J. H. Cassady, of Huntingdon, Pa., one of our most 
experienced evangelists, will outline " An Evangelistic 
Campaign for the Church of the Brethren." Finally, 
the Secretary himself, Bro. J. H. B. Williams, will 
have something to say about " The Forward Movement 
Idea " and " The Resources of the Church Mobilized 
for Service." 

" Finally " is hardly the proper word, however, irf 
the last sentence, as other topics and writers will 
certainly be added to the list. Besides this, the Secre- 
tary is not likely to be the last of the group in respond- 
ing to his assignment. 

It may be that you are wondering what the Board 
intends to do with this literature and, in particular, 
whether any of it' is likely to have any bearing on 
your plans. If so, we suggest that you write the Secre- 
tary and ask him whether you are to be bothered 
with it, or whether there is anything you need to do 
about it. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1919 


The second 
five years foi 
That means 
tion per year 
added to the 1 
is not a singlt 
is very low,^ 
years hence, 
scribed." Tl 
endowment f 
leges have rf 
spell " efficie 
be Christian 
created. Ur 
mum, they ai f 
dead if she is 
be efficient, a 
the church ar 
The third p 
engaged in rt 
some " specia 
who can not 
already an al 
not to grant 
lege departmi 
direction. M 
gets its mone; 
exist unless r 
'of the colleg 
for religion a 
dents should ' 
does not refi 
of the Y, M. .' 
ciations are d 
to has in mir 
The fourt 
dents lookin 
ice." This 
to the social 
are in every 
whom are in 
This, again, 
would be me 
teacher that m 
of them throuj 
of laymen whl 
ingly dedicate 1 
high order. T 
the vision am 
portunity that 
The fifth p. 
graduates de*^ 
sion work." 
in the past tl 
have been cla: 
a minister, a 
Where gradui 
pens. The pa 
excellent. Arr 
that 457o of 
are either in 
ysion field. B 
' that a very 
In some ins 
enter the mi 
school must 
the future, l 
enrollment, i. 
stitute about 
should give 
church. If 1 
leaders, they 
Christ will si 

The goal 
ment during 
sible. It ci 
done. Muc 
These are 
the task laid 

A careful reading of the foregoing list of subjects 
and writers, or possibly even a casual reading of it, is 
enough to show that the Forward Movement program 
is not regarded by the Mission Board as a mere device 
for whiling time away at its meeting^, but that it is 
taking the matter seriously. Consider a little further 
testimony to the same effect. 

You are probably familiar with the efforts of the 
General Sunday School Board to encourage Sunday- 
school efficiency by suggesting certain definite require- 
ments as a condition of being recognized as a standard 
Sunday-school. Notwithstanding the limitations of all 
methods of this kind, the plan has proved its useful- 
ness. The Mission Board decided to make use of 
the same method in promoting congregational ef- 
ficiency in respect to missions. The matter was not 
worked out fully, but the main points in such a "stand- 
ard " were considered and tentatively adopted. Would 
you like to know what they are? 

Remember that this is only tentative and incomplete, 
but it was agreed that any church, to be regarded as a 
standard congregation, should be able to meet some 
such requirements as these : The pastor or elder in 
full sympathy with missions, sqme plan of systematic 
giving, at least one mission study class a year, a mis- 
sionary superintendent in the Sunday-school, a mis- 
sionary committee in accordance with the 1911 Con- 
ference decision, faithfulness in meeting all District 
apportionments, special missionary sermons at least 
semiannually, a missionary library. 

Wouldn't something like that be a very modest mis- 
sionary standard? Look it over again carefully and 
then ask yourself whether your congregation measures 
up to it. If it does not, ask yourself another ques- 
tion: Is any part of the responsibility yours? If such 
a list of tangible points were tacked on the wall of your 
church somewhere, would it help, possibly, to keep 
the whole membership reminded of their obligations? 
Bro. Williams referred last week to the Board's 
contemplated " drive " for a Conference offering. It 
is believed that this offering should be worthy of the 
occasion and the cause, as well as of the resources 
with which God has so abundantly blessed us. To 
this end the Board has in mind a more thoroughly 
organized effort than has ever been made before, 
something after the manner of the numerous financial 
campaigns which were so successfully carried through 
in connection with the war. It is certainly a shame 
that the children of this world should be so much 
wiser in. their generation than the children of light. 
Shall we not learn some measure of that wisdom? 

Of all these matters you will learn more in due time. 
The chief purpose of these remarks is to assure you 
that in launching this Forward Movement our Church 
Boards fully realize that it is no child play ; that they 
have undertaken the direction of this campaign with 
a vigor worthy of the high ends in view ; that they mean 
business and are counting on the loyal cooperation 
of every member of the church. 

Elders and pastors, are you awaking to the oppor- 
tunities before you? Are you marshalling your forces 
for the great 1919 offensive? Are you ready? Have 
you begun to move? And will you keep on and on, 
" stretching forward " until " this gospel of the King- 
dom shall be preached in the whole world " and " till 
we all attain . . . unto the stature of the fulness 
of Christ " ? , 

The Military Exemption Act of 1903 

In our last article we had something to say regard- 
ing the part the Brethren should take in making war 
•impossible. In this one we call attention to some ob- 
servations, respecting the enactment and application 
of the law relating to the exemption of members 6f 
nonresistant religious bodies from active military duty. 
We need not call up the experiences of our Brethren 
during the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812 and 
the late struggle between the North and the South. It 
is only to the world-wide war and some things leading 
up to certain privileges granted us during the war, that 
we wish to refer. 

In 1903 a bill entitled, " An Act to Promote the Ef- 
ficiency of the Military, and for Other Purposes," was 

introduced in Congress, and after being fully discussed 
and amended, was passed by both the Senate and the 
House. The bill contained twenty-six sections. Sec- 
tion two deals with those exempted from active mili- 
tary duty, such as Vice-president, members of Con- 
gress, customhouse officers and clerks,, postmasters 
and others. At the end of this section'there is a pro- 
viso reading as follows : 

" Provided, That nothing in this Act shall be construed 
to require or compel any member of any well-organized 
religious sect or organization, at present organized and 
existing, whose creed forbids its members to participate 
in war in any form, and whose religious convictions are 
against war or participation therein, in accordance with 
the creed of said religious organization, to serve in mili- 
tary or any other armed or volunteer force under the 
jurisdiction and authority of the United States." 

In its original form, and before being passed by 
either House, the bill did not contain this section. At 
the time there lived in Washington a very intelligent 
gentleman, whose relatives, then living in Virginia, 
were members of the Mennonite Church. Going over 
the bill carefully, he observed that no provisions had 
been made for members of religious bodies opposed to 
participating in war. Being on good terms with the 
chairman of the committee, having the bill in charge, 
he called his attention to what seemed to him a grave 
defect in the bill. The chairman, who happened to be 
well acquainted with the Brethren in Virginia and 
some other States, as well as some other nonresistant 
bodies, readily perceived what hardships such a bill, 
in case of war, might produce for the members of these 
religious organizations. Between the two the proviso, 
as quoted above, was worked out, introduced and in- 
corporated in the bill, which passed both the Senate 
and the House in that form. The bill, including the 
noncombatant proviso, being satisfactory to Roose- 
velt, then President, was signed by him Jan. 21, 1903. 
This, it will be observed, was eleven years before the 
European war broke out. 

When the United States entered the war and plans 
were drawn up to raise an immense army, due notice 
of this proviso was taken by the President and the 
military department, so that, when the military regula- 
tions were published, the noncombatant clause was 
made to stand out quite clearly. This proved very 
satisfactory to our people, to the Quakers, the Men- 
nonites and other nonmilitary organizations. In the 
working out of the draft, however, all drafted non- 
combatants experienced more or less difficulty in se- 
curing exemption from active military duties. Right 
at this point our members were not as well prepared '_ 
for the situation as they should have been, and yet, 
where the cases of drafted young brethren were han- 
dled skillfully, they fared as well as could have been 

The military heads at Washington showed due con- 
sideration for the conscientious scruples of the mem- 
bers of the churches opposed to war, but this can not 
be said of all those entrusted with the execution of the 
nonmilitary regulations. In not a few instances some 
of pur young brethren were subject to considerable hu- 
miliation, and at times their treatment bordered on 
persecution. This was no fault of the law passed by 
Congress in 1903, or the instructions sent out from 
Washington. It seems not to have been understood 
that the very bill, providing for the exemption of mem- 
bers of nonresistant religious organizations from active 
military duties, was signed by Roosevelt, who, during 
the late war, denounced the actions of those who 
claimed such exemption on account of their religion. 
Right on this hangs a story that has not yet appeared 
in print. Those who have read some of the books, 
written by Mr. Roosevelt before he was dreataed of 
for President, will recall some very severe statements 
that he made against certain religious people, who re- 
fused to take an active part in some of the wars in 
which even our country was engaged. Well, when he 
ran for a second term of office, all these statements 
were selected, printed in a little tract and widely dis- 
tributed by certain of his opponents, with a view of 
turning as many of the voters of nonwar religious 
bodies, as possible, against him. 

The one who helped frame the religious exemption 

proviso of the Military Act of 1903 came to Elgin, 
with a view of having the Messenger take the matter 
up and expose Mr. Roosevelt's attitude regarding peo- 
ple holding nonresistant views on account of religious 
scruples. We had a long talk on the subject. 

In the meantime we wrote Congressman Hitt, who 
was then in Washington, and had him sound the 
President regarding the hard things that he had writ- 
ten years before against the members of the churches 
opposed to war. Mr. Hitt had been sttpplied with 
extracts from the writings of Mr. Roosevelt and took 
the matter up with him. He then wrote us a very 
nice letter, saying that he felt sure that the views of the 
President had undergone very favorable modifications 
regarding the nonmilitary views of the Brethren, Men- 
nonites and Quakers, and he was quite sure that in 
event of war he would insist on no violation of con- 
science along this line. There the matter rested, so 
far as the Messenger was concerned. We said noth- 
ing about the widely-circulated extracts, much to the 
disappointment of the gentleman who called on us at 
Elgin and some of the Brethren who had become a lit-' 
tie stirred up over what, to them, seemed a serious 
political situation. 

We are telling all this to show that the exemption 
of our people from active military duty is a matter that 
was worked out, passed by Congress and approved by 
President Roosevelt before the European war was 
dreamed of by the masses in the United States. Let 
it be remembered that the military Act of 1903 super- 
seded all previous regulations respecting the exemp- 
tion of nonresistant bodies from military service, and 
the importance of the Act, so far as the Brethren are 
concerned, will be quite apparent. Surely, the Lord 
had a hand in this. 

But the world war is now over, having ended, as we 
think, in the interest of that which is best for mankind. 
Generally speaking, our boys were well c-ared for, and 
not one of us should now fail to show due gratitude 
to the Government for respecting our views, and pro- 
tecting us in our religious rights. Respecting war, 
the attitude of the church has undergone no change. 
We were driven out of Germany on account of out- 
opposition to militarism and have now lived to see the 
day when our peace claims are being taken up by the 
best thinkers of the world, and in time these tenets are 
destined to become more popular than the war spirit 
ever was. We-are not to change our nonmilitary at- 
titude. Instead of surrendering or modifying our 
peace claims, it becomes our duty to emphasize and 
strengthen them, and, along with others of like views, 
help push them to the front and keep them there until 
wars shall be entirely abolished from the earth. Tak- 
ing this view of the situation, our people have tremen- 
dous responsibilities resting upon them. j. h. m. 

The Open Way into the Book of Revelation 

Several years ago our brother, Eld. M. M. Eshel- 
man, published a book with the above title. A number 
of copies were sold, and satisfaction was given to 
those who read it. Since the publication of, the book, 
our dear brother has lost his eyesight, and the world 
is in darkness to him. There are yet unsold several 
hundred copies of the book, and he has great need of 
the money invested in them. In order to have them 
sold, he has reduced the price from one dollar to 
fifty cents. If you do not have a copy, the opportunity 
is offered you now, to secure a copy at a very low price, 
at the same time exercising the privilege of helping 
our needy brother. 

The book is prepared in studies, with five hundred 
questions and answers, and as many quotations from 
the Scriptures. Our brother spent a busy year in get- 
ting it ready for the press. You will find it well worth 
what you give for it. The book is well bound in 
cloth. Will you kindly make an effort to sell these 
books and thus give the author needed help? Send 
fifty cents to the Brethren Publishing House, with 
your address, and the book will be sent postage pre- 
paid. If you feel to do so, send a dollar, get two 
books, and give one to a friend. Please help ! 

p. L. M. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1919 



Peace Over Earth Again 

Rejoice, O world of troubled men; 
For peace is coming back again, — 
Peace to the trenches running red. 
Peace to the hosts of the fleeing dead, 
Peace to the fields where hatred raves, 
Peace to the trodden battle graves. 
'Twili be the peace the Master left 
To hush the world of peace bereft, — ' 
The peace proclaimed in lyric cries 
That night the angels broke the skies. 
Again the shell-torn hills will be 
All green with barley to the knee; 
And little children sport and run 
In love once more with earth and sun. 
Again in rent and ruined trees 
Young leaves will sound like silver seas; 
And birds now stunned by the red uproar 
Will build in happy boughs once more; 
And to the bleak, uncounted graves 
The grass will run in silken waves; 
And a great hush will softly fall 
On tortured plain and mountain wall, 
Now wild with cries of battling hosts 
And curses of the fleeing ghosts. 
And men will wonder over it, — 
This red unflaming of the pit; 
And they will gather as friends and say. 
" Come, let 'us try the Master's way. 
Ages we tried the way of swords, 
And earth is weary of hostile hordes. 
Comrades, read out his words again; 
They are the only hope of men! 
Love and not hate must come to birth; 
Christ and not Cain must rule the earth." 

—Edwin Markham.' 

school teachers; four provided courses for the study 
of denominational history; eleven offered study in 
• Christian missions. The more remote the subject was 
from religion, the larger the schedule of hours, ex- 
cept in the one course of Bible study. We should re- 
member that these institutions, as a rule, were estab- 
lished upon the theory that they were to impart a re- 
ligious form of education. Mr. Magee concludes thus : 
" Is there any possible connection between what has 
just been said and the present poverty of our churches 
in religious workers? Should our churches longer be 
compelled to depend upon mere novices, when other 
fields are demanding experts? " 

God has a right to our best in religious education. 
There is no such thing as cheating God. " With what 
measure ye mete it shall be measured to you again," 
will apply here as elsewhere. 

Chicago, III. , 9 , 

A Bird's-Eye View of a Missionary Sunday- 


When my friend, whom I was visiting, said : " Sun- 
day-school ts at 9 : 30 tomorrow morning," I experi- 
enced no thrill. I had not missed a Sunday for twenty 
years, except for sickness or some other matter be- 
yond control, and so, to go with him to his Sunday- 

The Best for God 


What Ezra and Nehemiah fail to tell, of the con- 
dition of the Jews after their return from the captivity, 
the prophets give us in a portrait of the moral con- 
ditions. Malachi calls upon his people to present their 
offering to the governor who would not accept their 
lame and sick. He accuses them of robbing God to 
their own undoing. The spirit of that age is apparent 
in the inability of these people to discern moral values. 
Hear them : " Wherein hast thou loved us ? " "Where- 
in have we despised thy name? " " Wherein have we 
polluted thine altar?" "Wherein have we wearied 
thee?" "Wherein shall we return?" "Wherein 
have we robbed thee? " " Wherein have we spoken 
against thee? " God should have the best in offerings, 
in worship, in service. 

He who berates the Christian is not rendering the 
best to God. He who neglects the Word, or tries to 
belittle it, is not giving God the best. He who per- 
sistently lauds another institution above the one for 
which Christ died, and of which he is' himself the 
Head, is not giving God the best. Mothers who are 
prone to talk about the glory of dress, and then rebuke 
little children for boasting of their new shoes or new 
clothes, can not give God the best. The father who at 
the table commends himself for some shrewd device 
by which he makes money out of another's loss, and 
then scolds his son for greed in overreaching another 
child, is not giving God the best. 

Thus we might continue to turn the searchlight upon 
various activities and find interesting correlations. Let 
us turn it once more,— this time upon our religious 
education. When we consider that we are giving 
twenty-five hours to secular education and but one 
hour to religious teaching; twenty-seven dollars to 
the former and ninety- four cents to the latter; trained 
teachers and good equipment to the former, and teach- 
ers with little or no training {rnd meager equipment 
for the latter, we raise the question : " Are we giving 
the best to God ? " 

Mr. Magee studied the catalogues of forty-five de- 
nominational colleges. He found that twenty of these 
provide for no religious education other_ than Bible 
study ; only seven offered courses in religious psychol- 
ogy; eight offered courses in pedagogy for Sunday- 

school, was a matter of course, and I considered the 
prospect with perfect calmness of mind. Even when 
he added : " You may be called on to speak a few 
minutes, as you are so interested in missions, and ours 
is a missionary Sunday-school," I was unperturbed. 
I had often done that. So I slept that night without 
any premonition of the rare and delightful experience 
which was to be mine the next day. 

It was a bright, sunny morning when we got into 
the car, and started the three-mile journey to the 
church, which I remembered was located on the corner 
of two of the principal streets of the neighboring town. 
Two or three cars were ahead of us, one came up 
behind, and another turned into our little procession 
from a crossroad. Presently we were stdpped at a 
railroad crossing, and I discovered three more cars 
held up ahead of our line, with more still coming in the 

" You have the same* Sunday joy-riding crowd as 
we have at home, I see," I said to my host. He 
looked at me a moment, and laughed. 

" Behind us are the Lawries, going to our Sunday- 
school. Ahead of us is Bro. Davis with his big family ; 
also going to our Sunday-school. I'll venture that 
every car in this line is going to the Brethren Sunday- 

He got up and looked backward and forward, along 
the line, and remarked, as he sat down again : " Yes, 
they're all going with us." 

The train had moved on by this time, and after a 
short run we pulled up to let the women alight, and 
then found a position in a long row of cars by the 
curb, which stretched down one whole square, and 
half way up the other side. We hastened back to the 
church, where it looked to me as if there must be a 
Convention on, or a District Meeting, or something,— 
crowds of happy-faced, enthusiastic people, old and 
young, were pressing into the three large entrances 
with an eagerness that seemed to indicate a fear they 
would miss something unless they got in on time. 

Over the central doorway were grouped four large 
flags,— an American, a British, a Japanese sun and a 
Chinese Dragon. 

" Quite a patriotic display," I remarked to my friend, 
as we passed in. 

" Oh," he replied, " those are the flags of the coun- 
tries where we are doing business,— branch Sunday- 
schools, so to speak. The American flag is for the 
homeland, of course, the British for India, where we 
are paying the running expenses of a Sunday-school, 
and the others are for Japan and China, where also 
we are maintaining two schools. All the money given 
in those schools is spent for missionary work else- 
where, and we pay their expenses." 

My eye caught an array of striking posters on the 
wall of the corridor we were passing through, each 

one having something to do with the need of the 
Gospel in every land. My friend informed me that 
these were all prepared by pupils of the school. Some 
were in black with pencil or brush, and some in colored 
crayons, while one was a most creditable water color, 
and I thought at once of the consecrated little artist 
who had done this service for the Master. Inter- 
spersed also were many pictures from magazines, with 
prints of leaders of the past, and here- and there a 
telling motto. 

On the walls of the Sunday-school Toom mottoes and 
inscriptions also maintained their silent work of edu- 
cation. One of these, in particular, impressed itself 
forcefully upon my mind. It was this: "What shall 
it profit a Sunday-school if it gain the whole town, 
and lose the spirit of missions?" 

Three beautiful silk service flags hung in suitable 
positions in the big room. And not one of them was 
military. One was inscribed: " Enlisted and Serving 
in Foreign Mission Work." On the blue ground of 
this flag there were nine white stars, and one gold one, 
— indicating that one worker would never come home 
on a furlough. 

On the second flag, the inscription at the top of 
which read : " Engaged in Home Mission Work," there 
were fourteen white stars. 

The third flag bore a constellation of 125 stars, and 
the inscription read, " Enlisted, Trained and at Work 
in Special Service in the Home Church." There were 
five gold stars upon this flag. 

All these workers were upon the same basis of 
recognition, and honored alike by the home church, 
and this, I thought, would be about the way the Master 
himself would look upon it. 

Fully five hundred people were in attendance, — 521 
as the wall board disclosed later, when the secretary 
had made his rounds. These all united in the Assem- 
bly, which was a frequent feature of this school, — all 
departments joining in the opening service in the 
main auditorium. I expected to see or hear some 
reference to missions in this opening exercise, but; 
to my surprise, I did not,- nor later in the closing. I 
learned that it is an invariable custom to hold a Mis- 
sionary Five Minutes once a month, after the lesson 
period, — and this did not happen to be a Missionary 
Sunday. This was varied every three months by one 
or another of the departments giving a fifteen or 
twenty-minute missionary program, and once a year, 
or oftener as the Lord sent the opportunity, an entire 
day was devoted to a missionary demonstration of 
some kind. But plainly, as I could see for myself, the 
effort was made not to overdo the subject to the ex- 
clusion of other good and necessary Sunday-school in- 
terests. • 

The plan seemed to be to keep the atmosphere in- 
tensely missionary. This resulted in a natural and 
perennially-vigorous class interest, which would find 
its own irrepressible expression, and I was informed 
that never a Sunday passed without the work in other 
lands receiving attention, or being used as an illus- 
tration in most of the classes. 

In the Antiochers' Class of men, named after the 
first missionary center; where I was given a seat, the 
secretary, after the Class business had been disposed 
of, and just before the lesson, drew from his pocket 
a letter which he waved exultantly. It bore an Indian 
post-mark, and the men all looked expectant. It was 
from a former member of the class, now a missionary 
in India, and the reading of it was received with great 
enthusiasm. Among other things, the writer made 
reference to the need of new tires on the automobile 
that the boys had given him a year before. The writer 
said: " I'm afraid I'll soon- have to walk again, but I 
certainly have been able to make time this year." In 
a few minutes the bearer of a hat was around the class, 
and had $100, which was handed to the Treasurer, a 
motion being passed to send it for this particular need. 
The lesson for the day was : " Jacob Fleeing from 
His Angry Brother," and the teacher had two of the 
men ready with short talks on " Armenia, the Land to 
Which Jacob Fled," and " Present-Day Mission Work 
Among the Arabian Mohammedans." 
I do not know just how classes in the other de- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 11, 19i9 


The secop 
five years (• 
That mean; 
tion per yei 
added to tht 
is not a sin§ 
is very low, 
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to the social! 
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This, again, 
would be me 
teacher that n 
of them throu 
of laymen wl 
ingly dedicate 
high order. 7- 
the vision an 
portunity tha 

The fifth o| 
graduates di^ 
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in the past t 
have been cla 
a minister, a 
Where gradu 
pens. The p; 
excellent. A 
that 45% of 
are either in 
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/ that a very 
In some in 
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school must 
the future, 
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should give 
church. If 
leaders, the) 
Christ will s 
The goal 
ment durin; 
sible. It c 
done. Mue 
These are a 
the task laic 

partments gave expression to the dominant interest, 
though I do happen to know, from overhearing the 
conversation of several women, as we stood in the aisle 
after dismissal, that one of the organized classes of 
women, in its business session that day, arranged for 
a survey of the town, and surrounding country, plot- 
ting out the streets and townships among the seventy- 
two .available members of the class, whose business 
it was to obtain an informal religious census of the 
field. The idea was impressed upon me that far-away 
was not designed to operate to the exclusion of close- 

I peeped into the Primary Room, and bumped into 
the young superintendent as she was coming out with 
an armful of books and papers, and a beaming face. 
She seemed to appreciate my open admiration of her 
very wonderful collection of working materials. In 
one corner of the room she had arranged what I at 
first thought was a fish-pond. One one side of a large 
shallow pan full of water at what was evidently a 
representation of a dock, was moored a little yacht, the 
kind you get at the five-and-ten-cent store. On the 
other side a sand bank led up to a miniature jungle and 
a little kraal, and close by, in a little creek, was moored 
a tiny canoe. This was Africa, and trips were taken 
by the children, and supplies sent across in the little 
vessel, and one or two of the teachers, upon the other 
side, brought out the little " natives," and I could 
readily see how the whole thing could be made very 
realistic indeed. 

In another corner, upon a table, had been erected a 
cunning little tea-house, and it did not need the little 
sunken garden, with its rustic bridge, and other well- 
known native objects about the place, to tell me that 
this was Japan. Three missionaries from Japan on 
furlough, and a Japanese student visiting this room, 
had left their autographs with the superintendent, and 
these were tacked up upon little posts and served as 
garden decorations. 

The two other corners of the room and an alcove 
^had representations of India, China and South Ameri- 
ca, and the superintendent told me enthusiastically 
what good times the children had in visiting these dif- 
ferent lands, and what stores of information they 
were acquiring. 

" Here is where missionary careers are begun, — in 
this room," she said. " And I expect to go over, too, 
in a few years, after I have finished my training as a 

The offering that day was $49.50— and the amount 
was no sooner on the wall-board, than two or three 
young fellows, in a class near the board, beckoned to 
the secretary, and presently the record read an even 
$50. Fifty dollars was an average offering, and it all 
went to some form of mission work, the expenses of 
the school being abundantly provided by free will and 
unsolicited offerings direct to the treasurer. 

The spirit of that Sunday-school was life, and the 
chief desire seemed to be to help others to enter into 
it. They gathered around me,— a total stranger to 
them all,— as if I had been a long-lost brother, and the 
pleasant and happy impressions that I carried away 
with me will not soon be forgotten. 

I was endeavoring to find words to express this to 
my friend while we were riding home in the car. 
Then we both turned our attention to what Jennie the 
daughter, was telling her mother: "We had such a 
good time in our class today. Miss Annie likened 
the story of Jacob leaving home to that of the Prodi- 
gal Son, and then she told about a Prodigal daughter 
that she knew of, and she told it all so tenderly and 
touchmgly that she had us all crying. And when she 
asked us if any of us wanted to start back home today, 
six of our girls gave themselves to Jesus." 

And my friend said softly to me: " Missions did it 

Pottstown, Pa. 

and more personally responsible, and our own in- 
dividuality is severely tried. Our interests are be- 
coming broader. We are thrown together more, and 
we are beginning to see all nations as one great family, 
and God as our Father. 

As members of that human family are we facing the 
great questions and issues of the present, with fidelity 
and courage, making ourselves, as brother and sister 
to all, worthy members of this household, to lift and 
draw all men to the Father ? 

To be an elevating, uplifting power one must not 
lose his individuality in the rush, and go on with the 
crowd. One must have the courage of his convictions. 
This characteristic seems to be the word of the hour, 
and yet true courage appears to be sadly lacking in the 
world. How great and admirable the trait when ex- 
hibited in the life! 

But what is real courage? To be brave enough to 
do the right regardless of consequences. But some, 
through wrong teaching and environment, have a de- 
praved idea of what is right- or what is true courage. 
Some do the things they believe to be right. Like 
Paul, they are to be admired for being conscientious. 
I wonder, in this day of Bibles everywhere, how many 
would like to place themselves in this crowd. 

Then there are those who have had a different en- 
vironment, who really feel smitten in conscience, but 
who desire to be like other people, — popular. Oh," 
what a position this— to be popular! Such people are 
moral cowards. Yes, even if they do not like the 
word, it applies to them. Some are too big cowards 
to endure criticism. It takes more " backbone," more 
manhood to refuse to do wrong than it does to partake 
of or practice evil, even in the face of great physical 
danger. Exercise of brute force is not courage. There 
is nothing brave or noble about this. To endure being 
persecuted, slurred and derided because of principle, 
is courage which can never be measured or appre- 
ciated on earth. 

Daniel was a beautiful example of this type of 
courage. Oh, how many times, in Sunday-school and 
home, we have studied and admired his life! Yet can 
we and do we live his life in 1918? Jesus took the 
unpopular trail. How few today are willing really 
to march beside him ! Truly, we partake of the com- 
munion, but do we participate in his bodily sufferings? 
Will the cup be drained even to persecution? 

Meditation upon these beautiful lives of faith can 
not help but impart true moral courage. How mar- 
velous the reward of faith ! And no less grand and 
glorious will be the reward of those who, today, get 
_the broader vision of our place and power in the world, 
and stand firm fof every word that fell from the lips' 
of our Master. 

Be brave, be truly courageous, and the power of 
God's Spirit will fill the soul, joy and peace will abide 
within, and the whole creation, which is waiting for the 
-revealing of the Christ Spirit, by the children of God, 
will recognize and be drawn to that beautiful life. 

Palisades, Colo. 

True Courage 


In these days of trial, sorrow and suffering, when 
men and women have been tested as to their position 
and part in the great world family, we arc made more 

Fruitless Unrest 


A sound mind is the greatest thing in the world. 
Sane thinking is the highest attainment of a human 
being. Correct judgment and right discrimination are 
the highest marks of a man., Good common sense 
is a most serviceable and desirable quality of mind and 

Simple and commonplace as .these statements may 
seem, these qualities are not as commonly possessed as 
one might suppose. 

Wisdom is the needed quality— not superior mental 
power or poetic genius— just common sense. Not 
knowledge, but sense to use that knowledge. Not great 
skill or power, but discretion to direct the skill and 
power one has. This is what wisdom is. Not the dis- 
covery of truth, but the application of the truth in 
personal affairs, is what counts. " If to do were as 
easy as to know what were good to do, chapels had 
been churches and poor men's cottages princes' palaces 
It is a good divine that follows his own instruction. I 
can easier teach twenty men what were good to be 

done, than be one of the twenty to follow my own 
teaching. The brain may devise laws for the blood, 
but a hot temper leaps over a cold decree." So Portia 
rattles on in playful philososphy to Nerissa. " Wisdom 
is the principal thing, therefore, get wisdom." " Wis- 
dom is better than- riches." We freely grant the truth 
of all these trite sayings ; but too often fail in the ap- 
plication of them to our own individual experience 
and doings. 

The truth of all this becomes apparent at different 
times and in regard to different aspects of life and 
living. There is much useless and fruitless and boot- 
less disaffection and unrest, because of vacillation and 
fickle judgment, lack of sense in choosing and deciding, 
failure to discern merit and make the best out of a 
course when once in it. 

A mind of this sort, riding in a steam car, looks 
out and sees a trolley, and wishes he were in the trolley 
car instead of the steam car; or if in a trolley, seeing 
the fine pike, wishes he had come in an automobile — 
never content with the choice that has been made or 
the place in which he is. If he goes, he repents and 
wishes he had stayed at home; or if he stays at home 
he wishes he had gone. Instead of entering into the 
enjoyment of what he has and the profit and pleasure 
that rightly belong to the pursuit or place he is occupy- 
ing, and making the most possible out of it, he is fret- 
ting himself over what he might have had, had he taken 
another course, or chosen another pursuit. By the 
time he is becoming proficient in some calling he be- 
gins to look out for another. Or, when he begins to 
prosper in one community, he moves to another. 

There is a. deal of camouflage in life. Things are 
not always what they seem, and people do not always 
see right. Distance gives enchantment to many views. 
The outside, or far-away, promises more than that 
which we have. " The pasture looks better in the next 
field," or even in the commons to the roving member 
of the grazing herd. Instead of enjoying the, place 
one occupies he (or she) is discontented in looking 
at the place and position of others. Content and satis- 
faction with unchangeable conditions are desirable 
states of mind,— but all too rare. The prospect is 
brighter in the West to the discontent in the East. 
The teacher's wife thinks the farmer's wife has the 
more desirable place, while the farmer's wife wishes 
her husband had been a teacher or a preacher, instead 
of a farmer. 

A boy in drilling pants and slouch straw hat, hot and 
tired,— and a bit lazy,— leaning on his fork in the hay 
meadow, gaping at the passing railroad train, wishes 
he could ride in that, instead of swelter under the 
boiling sun in the field. The odor of new mown hay 
comes in through the window of the royal and lux- 
urious chair car and excites the pleasure and memory 
of the millionaire, sitting there and suffering from lack 
of bodily activity and brain fag, burdened with mon- 
strous business cares and pressed with worrying re- 
sponsibilities, hastening to a meeting of his Board, on 
the results of which hinge momentous consequences. 
(Anything that reminds us of our youth and child- 
hood is interesting to us. ) He looks from the window 
and admires " the boy with cheeks of tan and upturned 
pantaloons " and, remembering his own boyhood days, 
so full of health and so free from burdens and cares, 
wishes from his soul's depth he could exchange with 
the boy, and walk the meadow, take his fork and turn 
the hay, and get a full whiff of the wilting grass, eat 
as heartily and with as little peril to his aching stomach 
as the boy will do— to fall asleep as quickly in the even- 
ing, and to be as hard to waken in the morning as* he. 
Alas for boy! Alas for man! There; are plenty of 
" Maud Muller and the Judge " cases in the world. 
" Alas for judge ! Alas for girl ! " 

" Of all sad words of tongue or pen, 
The saddest are-lhese: 'It might have been,'" 
and many sentimental creatures have, with the il- 
lustrious author, sighed ^alas " for both, that a pros- 
pective romance should be so ruthlessly thwarted. 

But that is not the saddest moral in the story,— that 
Maud did not become the wife of the judge. That 
what might have happened didn't. The sadness is 
that both of them lost the real worth of triumph or 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1919 


Tiffin, Ohk 


From Our Correspondents 

As cold water 

o a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country 

joy, or whatever of their own real state and station, 
in sighing over the prospective or visionary pleasure 
that might have heen. 

Bret Harte, in facetiously and yet philosophically 
paraphrasing the popular poem, changes a little the 
plot, and climaxes the romance with the actual mar- 
riage of Maud and the judge. Waiving sentiment and 
poetry and romance in favor of cold, hard facts, he 
represents the match as mismated in education, and 
unmated in culture and social qualities. They lived 
legally bound, but separate and apart in taste and 
spirit and sentiment. He lived his life and she lived 
hers. The house illy kept, she dozes in the presence 
of numerous and dirty children, while the judge enter- 
tains his friends alone in the library, or in the court 
chambers. Harte closes his parody with 

" The saddest words of tongue or pen, 
Are ' It is.-aud hadn't ought to'v^ been." q( ^v inconvcnience experienced, and yet it only took 

The stupid and persistent refusal to recognize the a few moments to rempve the offending object, 
opportunities, the possibilities, the good and the de- j s ft not true, many times, that in life's pathway 

sirable in the places, states and pursuits in which we manv see obvious hindrances, but it remains for the 
are, loses for us half the sweets of life. The restless one big-hearted person to take a little time to remove, 
looking over the good that is already ours, and behold- them, and clear the path. May you and I leant not 
ing the merits and charms that reside in the visionary 0Iuy t0 sec the stones, but also to remove them, mak- 
fields that might be possessed, bring much disappoint- mg t | le pathway safe for those who follow us! 
ment, as well as failure, into human life. It is not 
only the grazing brute that sees the better grass in the 
next field, instead of cropping the sweet product at 
her feet. Many people do not get half out of life that 
is in it for them, because they do not pick up what 
is strewn in their pathway ; because they do not appro- 
priate what is afforded to them in their regular and 
ordinary vocations and avocations; because they do 
not partake of the sweets that are theirs for the taking. 
Our eyes are very holden,— even our physical eyes 
are. We search and look fretfully for things that 
lie on the table right next to us, and see them not,— 
probably because they ace so near to us. VVe live right 
in the midst of good and happiness, and recognize 
them not till they are clean gone forever. There are 
" books in running brooks, tongues in trees, sermons 
in stones and good in everything," had we but the 
quickened senses to perceive them and to interpret 

The two disciples walked with Jesus and talked 
with him and ate with him, and yet their eyes were 
so holden that their burning hearts did not know it 
was he. " Hadst thou known the gift of God and who 
it is that speaks to thee," said Jesus to the woman at 
the well. Could we but know, or have consciousness 
of, the power and joy of full salvation and peace in 
Christ Jesus, that are ours just for the awakening and 
perceiving and possessing them! All have abundance 
of good things if they only could know it and enjoy it. 
It is not more blessings that any one of us needs, so 
much as it is a keener sense of perception and more 
alert appreciation of the blessings we already have. 
It is a regrettable fact that it is often necessary that 
a blessing or a good be removed from us before we 
can appreciate its value. It is a pity that sight and 

offering of $40 was taken for the Armenian and Syrian Relief. 
Bro. I, J. Ttosenherger In now with us and will remain at least 
a i>nrt of the winter. We now have four preachers in Sebring, 
and are looking for others.— J. H. Moore, Sebring, Fla., Dec. 26. 

Astoria Church met in council Dec. 30, with Eld. D. J. Blicken- 
staff in charge. One letter of membership was received and 
three were grnnted. Church ana Sundny-school officers were 
elected for IMf), with Bro. Joe Etter, superintendent of Astoria 
house, anil Bro. Howe Stanffer for the South Fulton house; 
Sister Blough. president of Christian Workers' Meeting; Bro. 
Abe Lind, elder for one year: Sister Fairy Clnnnin, President of 

religion, — to have within us the mind of Christ. " The 
law of the Lord is perfect, converting [correcting] the 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

. ♦ « 

Clearing the Way 


MANY a time when my father and I would be OUt Aid Society. The church secured Bro. S. S. Blough as pastor 
...-,, 1 for another yenr.— Gold le Elchcnbcrg, Astoria. 111., Jnn. 1. 

for a drive or walk, he would,— if there was an ugly 
stone or other obstruction in the path, — stop to re- 
move the obstacle. 

Once, when I was quite young, I asked : " Why do 
you do that?" He answered: "Well, it makes it 
easier for some one who will come along afterwhilc." 

Now the fact remains that we were not the first to 
pass by the obstruction referred to. Many others, 
oftentimes, had gone by, grumbling, no doubt, because ™' 


Butte. Valley.— Our church and Sunday-school wore discon- 
tinued for three weeks' on account of influenza. We have now 
had services again for three weeks and on Thanksgiving Day. 
Our collection was $37.00. The church was closed the second 
time for two weeks. We met In council Dec. 21 nnd elected 
church nnd Sunday-school officers for the coming year, with 
Bro. H. F. Maust. elder; Adnline Moore, "Messenger" agent nnd 
correspondent; Bro. O. M. Moore, superintendent of Sunday- 
school. Two families have left us and others are going soon. 
We regret this, as we are few In number and need their help. 
Next Sunday we will take n collection for Armenian and Syrian 
.Belief.— Ada line Moore, Mncdoel, Cal., Dec. 22. 

Golden Gate Mission— At our council, Dec. 0. we elected Sun- 
day-school officers ior the coming year, with Brethren John 
Reynolds and Joe Miller, superintendents. Our Christian Work- 
ers" officers for the coming six months were also elected, with 
Bro John Ries and Sister Agnes Kerr, presidents. Dec. 22 our 
Sunday-school gave an interesting Christmas program. Dec. 
21 Eld. D. L. Miller came to us, and preached on Sundny even- 
ing- also on Christmas morning. He gave a lecture on his 
travels In Ihe Bible Lands each evening during the week, ex- 
cept Saturday. We certainly enjoyed Bro. Miller's lectures and 
his stay with us.— Ivy Walters, Onklnnd, Cal.. Dec. 28. 

Inglowood church met in council Dec. 7 for the election of 
officers. Bro. Wertenbaker was reelected elder and pastor and 
Bro E. A. Calvert. Sunday-school superintendent. Dec. 15 the 
Mission Band of La Verne College gave a prograi 
readings and songs were splendid and aroused thi 
spirit In all who heard them, 
ceived for the expens 

The talks, 
An offering of about $8 was re- 
of the Mission Band. We held our 
Christmas service Dec. 22. Bro. Guthrie showed pictures con- 
cerning the birth and early childhood of Christ. He showed 
a number of beautiful pictures while the solo " Jerusalem "was 
sung Quite a collection of gifts of food ' and useful articles 
was received for distribution among the poor nnd needy. The 
Christmas offering, amounting to over $80. was given to the 
Armenian nnd Syrian Relief Fund. Three letters of membership 
were received at our last council.— Susan Stoner, Inglewood, Cal.. 
Dec. 24. 

la Verne congregation met In council Dec. 17, with Eld. S. 
J Miller presiding. Eld. R. H. Miller, of Los Angeles was 
called to the pastorate of our church. The annual election of 
officers resulted as follows: Elder. Bro. J. P. Dickey; assistant, 
Bro. S. J. Miller; Sunday-school superintendent. Bro. H.J. 
Vanlmon; Christian Workers' president, Inn Mnrshburn. Hie 
work of renovating our church nnd- installing pews Is progress- 
ing and we hope it will be finished in a week or two. 
while we are having services In the college chapel. 

-Grace H, 

~ — r r . ... , wuiii: nt wt ™.**n — .■ 

hear-in" are scarcely thought of as blessings,— till they Mn ,„, L a Verne, cm., Dec. 21. 

- church has ognin been holding service on Sunday, 
has heen somewhat limited on account of 

eettng, nnd after 30 

but the attendance 

Ihe Influenza. The church held n business 

attending '-0 some minor bu.Inc.., elected Bro. D. L. Forney, 

Verne, formerly of Iieedley. aa pastor of the Pomona 

We are all very thutikfnl for aome one to accept the 

panlon lie brings 

of Li 

are gone. It is a pity that many persons never know 
how dear and precious and sacrificing is a mother's 
love and presence until she is dead, and the quiet and 
responseless face lies impassive, and ears are heedless, 
and the face unresponsive to the outpouring of love and 

, , ., , .. r in OUT Ulium, mm nc iii-j - w 

appreciation for her devoted and beautiful life,— now ch|ir( , h what lt ougnt t o be.-sister Mary e. Forney 
closed and removed forever. Indeed, it is a pity that cm. r, 
the privilege of repentance and the joy of reconcilia- 
tion with God are rejected and flouted, often, till 
mercy is clean gone forever. / 

OruunpaJgn church met In council, with Eld. W. L. Heckman 
presiding. One letter of membership wns read. Bro. Clyde 
Lewis was chosen as Sunday-school superintendent, and Sister 
Alice Kltson, Christian Workers' president. „Bro. Geo. W. 
Miller, of La Place, 111,, was chosen elder In charge for one 
yenr. The writer wns chosen clerk and corresponding secretary. 
Our revival meeting, which lind been In progress two weeks, 
closed with three accessions. Bro. Chns. Walters and wife, of 
Astoria. III., n+slsted In these meetings, which proved to be 
very helpful and inspiring.— F. H. Christian. Champaign, 111., 
Dec. 21. 

Liberty church met in council Dee. 30, with Eld. I. D. Heek- 
innn presiding. Sunday-school und church officers were elected 
omlng year, with Bro. I. D. Heckman, elder, and Bro. 
Lucas C. Akers. Sunday-school superintendent. The latter spent 
the past seven months In Camp, and we were indeed glad tp 
welcome him back. Bro. O. O. Stutsman, our former pastor; 
now residing at Burr Oak. Kans., spent a few days with us re- 
cently, having been called to baptize Bro. John Campbell. Bro. 
I. J. Gibson, who hns been our pastor since June. 1018. is 
leaving to resume his studies In Bethany Bible School. We are 
lioplns I hat some of the brethren may he procured frequently, 
to deliver sermons here until a minister Is secured and per- 
manently located at Liberty.— Marguerite Lnndon, Liberty, Ill- 
Jan. 2. 

Vlrden. — Afler seven weeks we were permitted to have 
church services again, for which we were very glad. At a re- 
cent business session our Sunday-school was reorganized with 
Bro. 10, E. Brubaker, superintendent, Sister Ethel Brubaker 
was reelected president of the Christian Workers' Society. Last 
Sunday evening our Christian Workers gave a splendid New 
Yenr program. Bro. Haynes also delivered a most Inspiring 
address on the text: "Forgetting the things which are be- 
hind, ... I press on toward the goal."— Stella Brubaker, 
Vlrden, III,. Dec, 30. 


nllHMvlllo.— Dec, 11 to 22 a series of meetings wns held at 
the miHsvlllc house, conducted by Bro. Christian Metzler, of 
Waknrnsa, End, The sermons were very Inspiring nnd the at- 
tendance good. One was baptized and one reclaimed. Wo held 
our love feast Nov. Id. Owing lo sickness nnd inclement weath- 
er Ihe crowd was small, but we had a very spiritual meeting. 
Dec, 7 we met In council nt the Bllssvllle house, with Eld. John 
Markley presiding. Several letters were granted. Bro. Oren 
Run* wus ejected Sunday-school superintendent. We are hop- 
ing to do more work during the coming year.— Stella Ruff, 
Plymouth, Ind., Dec. 30. 

Falrvlew.— We met In regular quarterly memhers' meeting 
Dec. 20. One letter was granted. Our Sunday-school was re- 
organized for. another six months, with Bro. Elmer Crlpe as 
superintendent. Christian Workers' Meeting wns also reor- 
ganized. Willi Slater Anna Crlpe ns president. Church officers 
were also elected for another year. The attendance at this 
meeting was small.— largely due lo sickness. We met on the 
following morning for Sunday-school, to review the lessons of 
the pnst quarter. An offering of ?fl» was lifted In response to 
tlu- call of our Sunday-school Belief Committee.— Lulu E. Boot. 
La Fayette, Ind., Dec. 2ft. • 

Flora cuurcl) met In council De.-. 28, with Eld. Ira Kreider 
presiding. Brethren Gilbert Stlncbaiigh nnd Riley Flora were 
also present. The yearly church visit was reported and Eld. 
Stlnebaugh gave us friendly admonition nn improvements. Bro. 
Kreider wns reelected as elder In charge. At a recent council 
we elected Bro. Irvln Brim as superintendent of Ihe Sunday- 
school.— Mnttie Welty. Flora, Ind., Dec. 2fl. 

Huntington country church met \n council Dec. 28. with Eld. 
Snell presiding. Our crowds have been small nt Sunday-school 
and church services for some time, owing to the epidemic, but 
we nre hoping for better attendance in the near future. Wc 
had services on Thanksgiving Day. and Bro. Snell preached for 
U8 \n offering of fl7 was taken. The Mission Endeavor Class 
lately sent (25.H to support a pupil In the B° ar ?J n * School In 
India Our Sisters' Aid recently sent a box to the Old Folks 
nnd Orphnns' Ilome at Mexlco.-Mary J. Miller. Huntington. 
Ind., Dec. 31. 

Ladoga.— Todny being review, we varied the exercises a little 
by having a Chrlslmas and Missionary program. After a very 
interesting session, n collection of ?10 wns token for Armenian 
Relief We are hoping many good Ihlngs for and from our 
Sunday-school for the coming year.-Lula Goshorn, Ladoga. Ind., 
Dec. 20. 

Mlddletown.-Dec. 2ft we elected new officers for our Sunday- 
school with Bro. A. F. Carpenter, superintendent. We bad a 
fair attendance, considering that there hns been sc .much sick- 
ness. But we are trusting nnd praying for better days 
come. We have had several 
We hope the dlst 
resume our work. 

with him. We pray 
in our midst, that 


To return to the first thought of this article, and as 
a conclusion thereto,— the religion of Christ is the 
sanest thing in this world. It is said, and, I suppose, 
truthfully, that there is not an absolutely sane man 
on all subjects in all the world,— nor ever has been. 
God's thoughts are higher than man's thoughts and 
the nearest approach to a sane man is the one who 
thinks most like God thinks. God's Word tells us his 
thoughts or how he thinks. The best way to get our 
minds to be sound and sane, is to align them with the 
principles and teachings and tenets of the Christian Of Influenza, hut no deaths. 

ibslde, so that we may be able to 

Florida J. E. Green, Mlddletown. Ind., Dec. 

pnstorate, and are thankful for the good con 

— that he will be given patience and wisdom 

work together to make our 


Dec. „. 

Notice to the Churches of North Dakota, Eastern Montana 
and Western Canada.-The war Is ended, all restrlWIoas on 
travel between Canada and the United States are removed -and 
n hsrmonv with the decision of our last District Conference 
the District Conference for 1010 will be held July 8. and 10 
I? Bow Valley church. Glelchen. Alta., Can -I. M. McCnne. Dis- 
trict Secretary, Irricann, Alta.. Can., Dec. '-7. 
Bethel church met in council Dec. 14, The election of church 
officers resulted ns follows: Elder. A. D Crist » 

agent. Harmon Towns; trustee. Albert Eastwood. ^ 
elded to paint our churchhoiiBi 
For the benefit of -those who pa 

sx;;s;«s'-,i»D«.r, ,„,*. «» ,,, 

,.p,,„Hc Const Line B. R. We nave a good country for Ben- 

eVa faruXg al» <« "»« »"° vegetable. We especially de- 

""!■ to correspond with mlni.ters p.e.lng tl.rong 

for a series of meetings. Address: I 

-Mrs Harmon Towns. Mlddleburg, Fin.. Dec. 23. 

T,J^;^T^^Tkm, m and others. A. the Cose an 

' Messenger ' 
It was de- 
■ and flnlBh paying for the same, 
pass through Jacksonville and 
will say that the Bethel 

to arrange 
! Eld, A.~D. Crist or the writer. 

Montlcello church met In council Dec. 21. Bro. G. B. Heeter 
presided. The work of several committees was accepted. On 

O^-idtrnrGiater^ra/t^ K Lf 

were chosen, with Bro. K.lph Miller as Sunday-school snperln- 
rendont and Bro. Lawrence Br.n.nn ,s Christian Worker.- pre. - 
dent. Onr pastor. Bro. John F. Appleman. was reeleetcd.-thls 
l„, the third year he has served us. Onr love feast was held 
on Thanksgiving evening. An offering was taken, which was 
sent to the General Mission Board Onr Sundny-schoo sent as 
„ Thanksgiving offering, two barrels of provisions to the H ast 
„g. Street Mission. Chicago. Dec. 22 we enjoyed <■*»"*» 
Christmas prngrnm. given by the Sunday-school. Our >oung 
neon en- well ,„ the children, responded well In the r work 
On Christmas Day cheer was brought into the homes of several 
nged and Tick families, by the yonng People's class carrying 
remembrances to them. Onr revival services will begin Jan. 1. 
wlTh Bro Chas. Bonsnck ns evangellst.-Fern Crosh. Nappanee. 

I "i.tlc. '.. = Ald Sooietle.. Churches and Indlvldual..-The win- 
ter .e.son being on and the privation cased by the epidemic 
ter "eason neim, f d , the cll j. of Logans- 

, , mi on ll«le bind o, workers here is ready to distribute 
£, n lotMng. food or other help »s may b. sen, 
sucn armies «" « Murnhv 1728 M chigan Avenue. 

Send donatloD. to « « ( H £ Murphj 17 ^* ^ ^^ 

KOTto"l£t ■JUS passing through grange to stop each 
Sunday at 1430 Michigan Avenue. Any minister desiring 

(Contiuued on Page 2S) 

stop eacn 
g to take 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER- January 11, 1919 


The secoi 
five years I 
That mean 
tion per ye 
added to th 
is not a sin 
is very low 
years henc 
leges have 
spell " effic 
be Christil 
created. I j 
mum, they f \ 
dead if she ' 
be efficient, 
the church i 
The third 
engaged in 1 
some " sped 
who can not 
already an i j 
not to grant l 
lege departn 
direction. A 
gets its mom 
exist unless 
y of the collej 
for religion . 
dents should 
does not re 
of the Y, IV 
ciations are 
to has in m 
The tour 
dents lookinll 
ice." This!/ 
to the socia|fc 
are in everv ' 
whom are ir 
This, again, { 
would be me 
teacher that n 
of them throuj 
' of laymen wl 
ingly dedicat 
high order, 
the vision ar 
portunity th 

The fiftl 
graduates d"*\' 
sion work." 
in the past t 
have been cte 
a minister, £ 
Where gradu 
pens. The pi 
excellent. A, 
that 45 % of ? ' 
are either in 
ys'ion held. E 
/ that a very 
/ In some in 
enter the ir 
school must 
the future, 
stitute abou 
should give 
church. If 
leaders, they 
Christ will s 
The goal 
ment durin 
sible. It c 
done. Mui 
These are A 
the task lau 



In Harmony 

Great Maker of our hearts, we bring then back 

To thee, and on thy table lay them down, 

And pray that thou wouldst take them all apart, 

Remove the dust, restore that which is worn; 

Drop in the oil of grace, and set again 

Their parts in place, and pivot all their wheels 

111 jewels cut from thine own crown: of Faith, 

Of Virtue, Knowledge, Temperance, Patience calm, 

Kindness and royal Love; and then, O God, 

Hold them to thine own heart until tiles' beat 

In unison with all thy thoughts, and point 

With steady hands, that never lag nor haste, 

To all the circling hours of starry Truth! 

— John T. McFarland. 

Feeding His Sheep 


The soft light of the setting sun shone through 
the stained glass windows of the church, and lingered 
on the words : " God Is Love," written on the wall 
encircling the pulpit. It was the hour for the sacred 
song service, held every Sunday evening, and already 
the ninety and nine of the fold were comfortably 
seated, awaiting the announcement of the first hymn. 
With a smile that took in the whole ninety and nine, 
and the stranger within the gates, the chorister led 
in the melody that swelled from the hearts of the 
people until it carried the Sacred Story beyond the 
walls of the church, into the near by streets, where 
many paused to listen. 

With the echo of the last hymn and the knowledge 
of the need of the people, burning in his heart, the 
pastor spoke the words : " Blessed are they which do 
hunger and thirst after righteousness, for they shall 
be filled." Were they not the words of his Master and 
theirs? If he did not help to satisfy that longing, 
through spiritual guidance and prayer, what would 
become of the sheep of his pasture? Then he thought 
of the words of Jer. 23: 1, and there followed a ser- 
mon of such blessing and strength that the people 
wondered at his understanding of their need. The 
benediction came as a seal to the Word that was 
spoken, and conscious of the pressure of a welcoming 
hand, even the 1 stranger passed through the church 
door, realizing that, " blessed are they which do hun- 
ger and thirst after righteousness, for they shall be 

Waynesboro, Pa. 

> "My Brother" 


" If a man say, I love God, and hateth his brother, he is 
a liar." 

These are hard words, but none the less true. They 
seem hard, for when we consider who is our brother, 
we will find that it takes a much larger circle than 
most of us are willing to admit. Indeed, it seems to 
me, that the same fellow wdio happens to be my neigh- 
bor, also happens to be my brother, and Christ's very 
apt illustration, as to who is my neighbor, leaves no 
room for doubt. All humanity is included in the 
circle. Some of them may not be of my choosing and 
not to my liking, yet they are my neighbors, to deal 
with as becometh a Christian. 

So with my brother. He is flesh of my flesh, blood 
of my blood, and though I may be somewhat ashamed 
of him, at times, yet he is my brother,— mine to love, 
mine to help, mine to save. We may as well take this 
view first as last, for Christ came into this world to 
save it, and. before coming, he loved it. He loved 
them all,— the murderer, the thief, the obstinate, the 
wreckers of homes, the destroyers of virtue,— in fact, 
the whole catalogue of criminals was included in that 
love, and this is the same world that we are to love. 

The Master gives us to understand that we shall re- 
ceive little thanks if our good deeds are done to those 
only who love us. If the good and gentle and meek 
and loving are the only ones to receive our kindness, 
then our reward will be very small. It is perfectly 

permissible to hate sin, but hatred for our fellow-man 
has no place in the program of the Christian. 

It is an impossibility to love God and to hate his 
creature. The man who says he loves God and hates 
man, is a liar. Do not excuse yourself, my brother, 
by enumerating the deeds of violence, of savagery, of 
vengeance that your brother may have committed. 
Possibly, if you take a square look at yourself, you 
will see some of the same brand of stuff not so far re- 
moved in your own life. God has dealt with ^ou in 
very much mercy and methinks that you will have 
need of his mercy for future sins. 

I love to think of every one as God's child. Some 
may have wandered far away from him, but still he 
loves them with an everlasting love. Well, then, let 
your love he like God's ! You can test your love to 
God by just how much you love your brother. He 
is the true Christian who seeks the welfare of every 
man, in every way possible, who Is always loyal to 
them, so that, in no case, will he take advantage of 
them, or serve himself at their expense. He makes 
their cause part and parcel of his life. I am thinking 
that if we take this view of the matter, many of our 
business affairs will have to be readjusted. Greed and 
graft will be eliminated, war will have no place in 
the history of such a people. The Golden Rule will 
be a. real thing and not a mere sentiment. Prove your 
love to God by loving your fellow-man, and prove your 
love to your fellow-man by deeds of service, even 
though he may be your enemy. He is also your 

Wiley, Colo. , ^ , 

An Opportunity Lost 


There is a story told concerning an aged woman, 
who lived not far away from one of Queen Victoria's t 
country homes. The Queen was in the habit of coming 
to this country residence unannounced, so the country 
people would watch for her, and when it was known 
that she was in their midst, would hope that, in some 
way, they might pay homage to her. 

One day, while spending a short time in the country, 
the Queen was out driving. Suddenly a storm came 
up. The footman went to the door of a near by cot-, 
tage to ask the loan of an umbrella. In response to 
his rap, the door was opened a little ways by the mis- 
tress of the home who enquired ungraciously: " Well, 
what do you want ? " 

The footman replied : " We have been caught by the 
rain. Will you please lend us an umbrella? 

" Will you bring it back ? " demanded the old woman. 

" Yes," answered the footman. 

She brought him the oldest one she had, — an old, 
ugly, green umbrella, and as she handed it out to him, 
said, still more ungraciously than ever: " Now see to 
it that you are careful with it ! " 

The umbrella was so old and worn, so full of holes, 
that it did not answer veiy well as a protection, and 
soon a heavy gust of wind turned it wrong side out. 
The next day the Queen's carriage drove up in front 
of the cottage and again the footman rapped on the 
door. He handed the woman a beautiful gold-handled 
umbrella, saying: "The Queen wished me to tell you 
that she was so sorry your umbrella was broken and 
she hopes you will accept this one in its place." And 
he was gone before the astonished woman could utter 
a word. 

When she realized what it all meant, she cried and 
sobbed, she wrung her hands, and would not be com- 
forted. " Oh, dear," she wailed, " just to think that 
all these years I've hoped that some time the dear, good 
Queen would pass here, and I might have the oppor- 
tunity of doing something for her just once. And 
now she was at my door, and I would have been proud 
to let her have my best umbrella, but instead I gave 
her that awful, old, discarded one, and how dreadful 
I talked. Oh, dear ! " 

Some day, in God's beautiful heaven, we are going 
to be smitten to the heart because at some time we 

willful misconstruction of another's words or deeds 
will make us writhe in agony, and no word of com- 
fort will come to us in our self-condemnation. 

Let us learn to be more gracious in manner and 
speech to stranger and friend alike. Then, when we 
come to the end of the way, there will be no sighing, 
no tears, no sorrow over unkind words and acts of the 

Tiffin, Ohio. , 

Teaching Missions to Children 


, about two months ago, 

Just near us, about two months ago, we found 
very pitiable situation in a home. At that time one 
of our workers accompanied the aged wife, who is 
past seventy, to the little cottage. His mission was 
to help carry some donations that the old lady had been 
given at a near by bakery. 

In the home, the need of help was evident on every 
hand. The roof was full of holes. It had just rained 
and the bedding, clothing and furniture were soaked. 
Water was standing in puddles on the floor. The 
man of the house was past eighty and unable to work. 
The old people sleep in a room almost as dark as 
night in daylight. *. 

Since we have learned of their situation, supplies 
have been sent to the little cottage. A new roof has 
replaced the old one. 

The superintendent of the Bethany Primary Sun- 
day-school told the children in a very vivid way, and 
asked them if they would not enjoy bringing a Thanks- 
giving offering and take it to the old people on the 
Sunday prior to Thanksgiving. The children were 
delighted and suggested many things that they might 
bring. The following Sunday the children came with 
their offerings. They were asked why they brought 
' the things. One little girl replied: "To thank God 
for what he does for me." 

About twenty children with their teachers soon ar- 
rived at the home, each carrying his offering. The 
old man wept when he saw the children, saying: 
" God surely sent you to us." The children sang some 
of their songs in the home, while the old people were 
lost in appreciation. The teachers experienced no 
trouble in keeping 1 order. ■ The children were so im- 
pressed and interested in what they were doing, that 
they did not have time for disorder. The old man took 
the hands' of the children and repeated several times: 
" God sent you." 

The old people were made happy and given some 
needed help. The children received something that 
will remain with them through life. The primary 
teachers believe this to be one of the ways to teach 
children the missionary spirit. 
Ckieago, III. _ 

After Reading a Book 


I read a good book, not long ago. It doesn't matter 
what it was about, nor who the author is. The thing 
worth while is that what some one else puts down 
in a book makes you think some things yourself. 

One thing I thought about was Judas Iscariot. He 
was a grafter, you know. He got land hungry, had no 
money to buy with, lay awake nights to think about 
that field, — had that on his mind more than anything 
else, and one day he sold his soul for enough to cinch 
the deal. 

But where did Judas get his start in his career as 
a grafter? He had to start somewhere. Here is 
how it was. His child mind was as plastic and im- 
pressionable as any child's mind. His heart was as 
pure and innocent as any child's heart. He was not 
horn a grafter, any more than you were. If you are 
a grafter, you learned it, and so did he. 

It was the " atmosphere " of his parental home that 
started him to thinking that all other people were his 
legitimate prey. His father was a devout Jew, so 
far as praying on the street corners was concerned. 

- Judas often went out with him when he went to prav, 

led to recogmze an ambassador of Christ's. Some and stood there by him as he folded his hands togethe 

unnecessary word, spoken to a brother or friend, will and said over his prayer. But that was not all The 

return to gneve us. Some uncalled for criticism or old man loaned some money to a widow and said he 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 11, 1919 


would charge her only a low rate of interest, knowing 
full well that when pay day should come for her he 
would have a chance to get hold of her-small home 
property. And he wanted that. Making long prayers 
and robbing widows of their houses was the way he 
sized up a good Jew, — a man who prayed and was 
shrewd at a bargain. 

Yes, that was the " atmosphere " of the home in 
which the unfortunate lad had to grow up. Is it any 
wonder that he came to hold the view-point of life 
that he held? Notice, a good man in that "atmos- 
phere " was one who said his prayers and who was 
shrnvd at bargaining. It was the common view- 
point held up as ideal in his home. 

An incident occurred when Judas was about twelve 
jears old that stirred his young blood clear to the 
iboWom of his nature. He " pulled off a stunt," as 
itbft boys said, and got away with it and heard his 
father's kindly approval. It was when the circus 
<came to town. Iscariot gave Judas half a dollar to 
ipay his way into the show that day and let him go with 
the other lads of his age. Judas came home at night 
:and told how he went around behind the tent and 
•wattrtied his chance and then crawled in under the 
'.tent and had his half dollar left when he got home. 
Iscariot only laughed when he heard the boy's recital 
of the day's events, but a few days later he laughingly 
told one of the neighbors about it in Judas' presence, 
adding that he guessed the boy would be able to get 
through the world all right from the way he was start- 
ing out. 

That was the first time Judas had had a chance 
to try his own luck at the game and it meant for him 
the beginning of his individual life career. Certain 
ideals were erected in his mind and had been given ex- 
pression and in the course of nature his life current 
was to run in that channel ever afterwards, — unless, 
perchance, some great good friend should be able, 
through .great tribulation, to supplant that ideal with 
a nobler one. 

Just this last-named task is what his great, good 
Friend, Jesus of Nazareth, attempted to do. But he 
got to him too late. The currents of action had al- 
ready worn down too deep a channel to permit the 
crooked nature to escape from it. Judas, the grafter, 
■could not change his character after it had become 
fixed through continuous exercise of his ideals. 

Suppose Judas had been your son, would you have 
been willing to do all in your power to keep him from 
the awful end he came to? 
McPherson, Kansas. 

Already there is much speculation as to what will 
happen when these boys are free to come back and 
take up the work of citizens in a time of peace. Often 
we hear it said: "John will never be contented to go 
into the store again," and " Henry won't be willing 
to be a clerk when he comes back." Speculators hold 
on grimly to their land, because they arc sure that the 
boys will all wish to be farmers. But it is hard to 
tell what effect these years will have upon the soldiers. 
Undoubtedly they will be broader-minded, more ef- 
ficient individuals because of their experiences, but the 
matter of individual tastes and talents is one that 
can never he safely foretold. The war is a developer 
as well as a destroyer. The clumsy, awkward youth, 
who once walked with eyes downcast, has made an 
astonishing success in the aviation corps; while the 
delicate boy, who knew no work more strenuous than 
looking after his own comfort and pleasure, has be- 
come a real hero in his ability for continual self-sac- 
rifice. Transformations are marvelous and we swiftly 
forget all that we once learned about the necessity of 
preparing the youth for the kind of work which is in 
harmony with his native tastes and talents. 

With all the broadening effects of experience and 
the knowledge that comes from the gaining of visions 
in regard to proportions, the soldier must become the 
citizen again, with the idea of service bigger, wider, 
and more effective than ever, or his experience has been 
of 1 no avail. And we, who have not had his task, 
have had one equally important, — the task of keeping 
the " home fires burning." Our schools and churches, 
our civic life and home life, must be such that they 
will challenge the bast efforts of men who have fought 
many battles besides those reported in the newspapers. 
They have seen visions and dreamed dreams. They 
have walked with death, and they have gained a knowl- 
edge of values and proportions which, we believe, will 
make them better citizens, even though they may put 
to flight all our fondest dreams of what they will do 
when they return. Are we ready for their return? 
Can we give them the room they need for the larger 
life? Can we realize that they will be men, not boys, 
when they come back to us? 
Emporia, Kans. 

hair every day, it is readily done, but if you neglect 
it for a week, then it pulls." 

The principle of systematic giving has been clearly 
set forth in Holy Writ, and I am wondering if the 
church has done her full duty if she fails to make 
operative methods whereby it is convenient and pos- 
sible to give, whereby all can be induced to give, 
regularly and proportionately. This, indeed, should 
be a part of every live church's program. Why these 
constant calls to give?. Perhaps the days of our 
stewardship are not as long as we might suppose. 

Miami. .V, Mex. 

As Seen From An Aeroplane 


A recent number of a popular magazine tells of a 
lioy from the Middle West who is becoming educated 
In the matter of relative values by flying over New 
York City in a Government aeroplane. It is shown 
that this is one of the ways of gaining a knowledge of 
the true proportions of things. From the sky a certain 
gigantic building in the city looks like a spool of thread. 
As he goes higher and higher, the great city, with its 
thousands of living, struggling human beings, becomes 
a mere speck on the surface of the earth. 

So closely is the physical related to the mental and 
spiritual, that such a person comes to see the pettiness 
of personal desires and the folly of the disputes which 
engage the average mind. No one can have exag- 
gerated ideas about himself as a person, or about other 
individuals, when a great city like New York is seen 
as a speck far below. In brief, it is shown that the 
war is teaching us all wonderful lessons. Still, there 
are few occupations in which men and women can 
ride around in the air, even for the' advantage of this 
kind of knowledge. The solid old earth still holds 
us by <he force of gravitation, and it seems probable 
that the majority of us will need to spend the most 
of our days on its surface. The question is whether 
the young man who gains this knowledge of values and 
proportions, will be able and willing to come down 
and toil among his fellows— the spiders and flies who 
have not been able to share the experience of his 

A man is what he is, not what men say he is. His 
character no man can touch. His character is what 
he is before his God and his Judge, and only he him- 
self can damage that. His reputation ia what men 
say he is. That can be damaged. Reputation is for 
time ; character is for eternity, 

These Constant Calls to Give 


Giving is a Christian virtue and therefore demands 
constant exercise. Why not give constantly, for we 
are in constant receipt of blessings? The sun con- 
tinues to shine, the birds continue to sing, the river 
and brook continue to minister, the grass continues to 
grow, our cup is constantly being filled by a Lavish 
Hand, so, why should we not just as constantly give? 

You made a contribution last week, but since then 
you have had, six days in which to produce and so, if 
giving be exalted to its rightful place in your life, 
you will desire to make another contribution. 

Our life consists in our giving. Paul reduces this 
to a principle when he says : " Upon the first day of 
the week let every one of you lay by him in store as 
God hath prospered him." Here we have the solution 
to our problem. We have giving systematized,— a 
system which every Christian should adopt, for he 
says: " Let every one of you." 

The system demands that we give regularly: " Up- 
on the first day of the week." 

This system demands that we should give propor- 
tionately: "As God hath prospered." 

This system is sound because it is an approved busi- 
ness method,— sound because it leaves the matter with 
you and your God, as to how much you should give. 
Thus it becomes a free-will offering. 

The system is sound because it makes it easy to give 
on the basis " as God hath prospered you." The in- 
dividual, who adopts this system of giving, is im- 
pressed with the truth that he need not give more than 
he can, but that God demands that we give all that 
we can. There is only one time to execute a duty and 
that is when that duty becomes apparent. It is when 
duties pile up that they become galling. Permit me 
to illustrate my point with this homely simile: "Giv- 
ing is just like combing your hair,— if you comb your 


SuRffeetlone for the Weekly Devotional Meeting Or tor 
Prayerful, Private Meditation. 

The Joy of Perfect Trust 

Romans 15: 13 
For Week Beginning January 19, 1919 

1. Introductory.— (1) Faith is the certainty of God's 
all-sufticiency: (a) His omnipotence; (b) his omniscience; 
(c) his infinite love. (2) Therefore faith floods the heart 
with joy and peace. (.1) This faith is the gift of Cod. (4) 
Open your hearts for his " filling." 

2. Live by Faith.—" Let not your heart be troubled; ye 
believe in God." This is Christ's Cure for frctfulness. He 
offers for our healing the balm of trust in a Father's care 
and watchful Interest. If today you have money enough 
to purchase present necessities, Faith says: " Fret not 
thyself, for fear that you will fetch up at the almshouse." 
If today your children gather about your hearth, Faith 
says: " Enjoy the music of their happy voices: gather 
confidence from their unquestioning trust; train them (or 
tj»d, and trust them to his care without tormenting your 
soul with the fear that death might bear them from you, 
or, if they live, that some dire calamity may ruin their 
lives." If today you arc in the enjoyment of health, and 
rejoice in strength ," as a strong man to run a race." 
Faith says: "Let not your heart he troubled with fear 

. of possible ills. To worry and to fret is hut to hasten 
their coming." With each new morn Faith comes and 
says: "I will bear the burdens and overcome the foes of 
this day, and to its close I will cheer your heart with 
perfect peace." 

3. Our Assurance of God's Love.— Just think of it,— 
God is love! You can lift up your heart today and say: 
" God loves me." Think of it,— all your sins are pardoned, 
washed away in the blood of/Jesus Christ. Think of it — 
you are the object of God's care, and he will never leave 
you nor forsake you, and neither death nor hell can ever 
touch you, for you are his and he is yours forever. Is 
that the kind of news to make one miserable? 

4. Work But Do Not Worry Anxiety does not empty 

tomorrow of its sorrow, but it does empty today of its 
strength. It brings a double weakness, for it makes us 
feeble in today's endeavors and faint-hearted for the fu- 
ture. Jesus warns us against anxious thought as one of 
the insidious dangers to which we are constantly exposed. 
Faith in God furnishes the great defense against the 
gnawing and destructive effects of "anxious care." 
Thoughts of God's sovereignty, of his love, of his grace, 
and of his power will steady the heart and stay the soul 
against the ravages of anxiety. 

5. How to Increase Our Trust.— (1) Consider what 
mighty possibilities are involved in the truth that God is 
infinite, and that you are a part of his plan. (2) Memorize 
some of the Scripture promises, and recall them when the 
temptation to worry returns. (3) Cultivate a spirit of 
gratitude for daily mercies. (4) Realize that cumbering 
care has never been of the least possible use, and never 
will be. It wastes vitality, and impairs the mental fac- 
ulties. (5) Help and comfort your neighbors. (6) For- 
give your enemies and conquer your aversions. 

6. Suggestive References.— All things are possible if we 
fully believe, Mark 9: 23. Our belief in God is all-power- 
ful, Rom. 1: 16. Peace through our faith. Rom. 5: 1. The 
gift of God, Eph. 2: 8. The shield of faith, Eph. 6: 16. 
Trust in the Living God, 1 Tim. 4: 10. The good fight 
of faith, 1 Tim. 6: 12. The just shall live by faith. Hcb. 
10: 38. The substance of things hoped for, Hcb. 11: 1. 
The Lord our Helper. Heb. 13: 5. 6. Faith must be sin- 
cere. James 1: 6. Faith made perfect by works. James 
2: 22. Faith leads to victory, 1 John 5: 4. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1919 

The secon, 
five years fo 
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scribed." T 
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would be me 
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of them throu 
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ingly dedicate 
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the vision an 
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graduates cf* 1 
sion work." 
in the past t 
have been cla 
a minister, a 
Where gradui 
pens. The pa, 
excellent. Ail 
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Christ will si 

The goal 
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done. Mm 
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the task laic 
ful ? 


Sunday-school Lesson, Moses the Leader oT Israel. — 
Ex. 3: 1 to 4: 17. 

Christian Workers' Meeting, The Good News, — A Sav- 
ior!— Matt. 1: 21; Luke 2: 10, 11. 


G. W. Ellenberger, of St. Joseph, Mo., in the 

South St. Joseph church, same State. 

deeply, even though lie can not make individual reply to 
all. We have in hand a well-written sketcli of Sister 
Lichty's life and work, the publishing of which is deferred 
for another weejt on account of unavoidable delay in se- 
curing the engraving of Sister Lichty's portrait. 

A telegram from Pres. John S. Flory, of Bridgewater 
College, states that " owing to the prevalence of influ- 
enza in the community, the revival and Institute at 
Bridgewater College, scheduled for Jan. 18 to 26, is re- 
called. There will be no Bible Institute at the College 
this session." 

Our latest word from the missionary party, en route to 
India, was written at Shanghai, Nov. 29. All were well. 

With the very best of connections at Hong Kong, they early on Monday morning preceding the date of i 


Two were recently baptized in the church at Ligonicr, 

Two were recently baptized in the church at RedclifT, 
Aha., Can. 

Four have .been baptized during the past six months 
at Sidney, Ohio. 

One has been baptized in the Centralia church, Wash., 
since the last report. 

Four have been baptized in the Eagle Creek church, 
Ohio, since the last report. 

Three were baptized at Champaign, III., — Bro. Chas. 
Walters, of Astoria, same State, evangelist. 

Twenty-six confessed Christ in the Coventry church, 
Pa., — Bro. Geo. W. Flory, of Covington, Ohio, evangelist. 

One was baptized and one reclaimed in the Blissvillc 
church, Ind., — Bro. Christian Metzler, of Wakarusa, same 
State, evangelist. 

Four were baptized and four restored in the Browns- 
ville church, Md., — Bro. Wm, E. Roop, of Westminster, 
same State, evangelist. 

Two were baptized in the Brick church, Greenland 
congregation, W. Va., — Bro. B. B. Ludwick, of Mt. 
Pleasant, Pa., evangelist. 

would he able to leave that place Dec. 11, and reach 
India by New Year. Failing this, they would be . de- 
tained a month at Hong Kong. 


Bro. Hugh Miller, of Gettysburg, Ohio, to begin Feb. 
2 in the Muncie church. Ind. 

Bro. Oliver Royer, of Circleville, Ohio, to begin some 
time in January in his home church. 

Bro. S. E. Thompson, of Garden City, Kans., to begin 
Jan. 26 in the Ottawa church, same State. 

Bro. C. D. Bonsack, of New Windsor, Md., to begin 
Feb. 10 in the Moxhain church, Johnstown, Pa. 


Southern Pennsylvania is to be represented on the Stand- 
ing Committee of the 1919 Conference by Brethren C. L. 
Baker and D. A. Faust. 

Bro. S. S. Neher, late of Twin Falls, Idaho, should now 
be addressed at Kingsley. Iowa,— he being in pastoral 
charge of the church at that place. 

Bro. C. W. Guthrie announces the change of his ad- 
dress from 1144',< East Twenty-third Street to 3722 
Madison Avenue, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Bro. J. W. Grater, formerly elder of the Nappance 
church, Ind., has resigned fronijrthat work, and will be, 
hereafter, in pastoral charge of the Decatur, III., congre- 

Bro. I. J. Rosenberger, of Greenville, Ohio, is now at 
Sebring, Fla„ where he is to spend at least a part of the 
winter, and his correspondents should so address him 
until further notice. 

Bro. J. L. Mishler and wife, of the Pleasant Valley 
church, Ind., arc spending the winter in Florida,— the 
failing health of Bro. Mishler. eld,er of the congregation; 
making this step advisable. 

Bro. Geo. W. Flory, of Covington. Ohio, spent several 
hours at the Publishing House on Tuesday of last week 
and dropped into the "Messenger" rooms for a few 
minutes, to extend his greetings. 

Bro. Virgil C. Finnell left Elgin early last week for 
Daleville. Va.. where he was scheduled for a series of 
addresses in the Bible Institute. Following this he is to 
do some Religious Education Work in Roanoke and other 
Virginia churches. 

Bro. Leonard H. ,Root, of Mount Morris, III., having 
resigned his pastoral work at that place, has arranged. to 
give the coming year largely to evangelistic work. 
Churches, desiring Bro. Root's services, will do well to 
communicate with him as early as possible. 

Bro. D. J. Lichty, our India missionary, now in the 
homeland and so recently bereaved, spent New Year's 
Day with friends in Elgin, and called at the "Messenger" 
rooms the following morning. While he feels his great 
toss most keenly, he has no other thought for his future 
than that of returning to the mission field. Bro. Lichty 
asked us to say to the host of friends, who sent him mes- 
sages of sympathy, that he has appreciated them all most 


Elders of Southern Indiana will please note Bro. J. 
W. Rarick's announcement among the Notes, concerning 
pending plans of improving the "Aged Persons' Home" 
of that District. 

Bro. Jerome E. Blough, Treasurer of the District of 
Western Pennsylvania, makes an announcement among 
the Notes that should have the immediate attention of 
elders and pastors in that District. 

As announced by Bro. I. M. McCune, District Secre- 
tary, the District Conference of North Dakota, Eastern 
Montana and Western Canada will be held July S, 9 and 
10, in the Bow Valley church, Gleichen, Alberta, Canada. 
The members at Logansport, Ind., have many needy 
families to look after, by reason of the influenza epi- 
demic, and could make excellent use of clothing, food, 
etc., that Aid Societies, churches, etc., may feci like send- 
ing to thiem. See the appeal of Bro. J. G. Stinebaugh, 
President of Middle Indiana Mission Board, 
among the Notes. 


The new church, near Mossyrock, Centralia congrega- 
tion. Wash., is almost completed, and will be dedicated 
Jan. 12. Bro. D. 3. Eby is to deliver the address for the 

After last week's issue had gone to press and almost 
wholly printed, we received a telegram, announcing the 
Bible Institute of Southwestern Missouri and North- 
western Kansas, to be held in the Peace Valley church, 
Mo., beginning Jan. 7. Had the announcement reached 
us two days earlier, it might have been inserted in the 
issue of Jan. 4, and served its intended purpose. We 
take this opportunity of again reminding our readers that 
important announcements should reach us not later than 

.. .ssue. 
Ine Messenger" that reaches you on or before Satur- 
day, closes its columns on Monday, and the press starts 
operations next day. It is obvious, therefore, that no- 
tices, arriving later than the time mentioned above, can 
not be inserted in that week's issue. 

One of our correspondents writes us that his church 
adopted, "an amendment to its constitution which would 
give the church direct and full control of the Sunday- 
school." To most of our readers such a move may seem 
uncalled for, but closer investigation will reveal the fact 
that in too many congregations the church and Sunday- 
school are measurably moving along separate lines of 
action. In a Sunday-school of that sort the organization 
is effected within its own ranks, the church having no 
direct control. Whatever supervision the church, above 
referred to, decided to exercise, by means of an amend- 
ment, is wholly proper. As a matter of fact, the Sunday- 
school is clearly a department of the church, and as such 
should be directed in its work and general policy by the 
officers duly elected by the church. In that way only can 
the close cooperation between the Sundajj-schooJ and the 
congregation in general be fully maintained. 

For some weeks past our correspondence has contained 
references to an unusually large number of cases in which 

On page 28 Bro. S. E. Netzley, the wide-awake agent t]l e needy or afflicted have suffered neglect at the hands 

of the Batavia congregation. 111., offers some excellen. 
suggestions how' the five thousand new subscribers for' 
the " Messenger," as called for by the " Forward Move- 
ment," can readily be secured. Our brother speaks from 
an experience of many years, and the fact that he holds 
a record of " 100% efficiency " as an agent, should 
enlist for his communication more than ordinary atten- 
tion and consideration. Bro. Netzley also makes liberal 
use of the "Brethren's Card," with the church services 
printed on the one side. In his canvass he distributes 
them judiciously, thereby inducing some to attend serv- 
ices who would not otherwise do so. He also places a 
Brethren's Card in each book that passes through his 
hands. . 



The new house of worship, erected for the Cincinnati 
mission, is to be dedicated Jan. 16, Bro. H. K. Ober, of 
EHzabe'thtown, Pa., delivering the dedicatory address. 

Any one having a copy of the " History of the Tunk- 
ers," by H. R. Holsinger, and willing to dispose of the 
same, will please communicate with Bro. D. W. Kurtz, 
McPherson, Kans., naming the price at which he is will- 
ing to part with the book. 

Bro. I. W. Taylor desires us to call attention to the 
following announcement: "The District Meeting 
Eastern -Pennsylvania will be held April ,23 and 24, .„ 
the Spring Creek congregation, not at Ephrata, as stated 
in the '1919 Official Directory.'" 

Are. you giving your best in genuine sympathy with the 
many bereaved ones? We do not recall another time in 
our own experience when so many of our friends have 
suffered the loss s of their loved ones. And the same is 
true of many others. God bless all the sorrowing and 
make us his willing ministers in their behalf! 

Not very often does a congregation, as a body, re- 
ceive a Christmas present, but that very thing happened 
to the Muncie church, Ind., when Bro. W. H. Cooper 
presented the members with the mortgage that had here- 
tofore rested on the church property. All debts are now 
fully paid, and the general expenses of the church are 
provided for. 

Such of our congregations as may still be debarred 
from holding public services, should by all means con- 
tinue to receive all their Sunday-school supplies, dis- 
tnbutmg the periodicals and quarterlies to the houses, and 
having the lessons studied as thoroughly as possible with- 
in the family circle. In that way the interest may be 
maintained until the school is ready to resume its regular 

A definite financial system of giving will always bring 
satisfactory results, so far. as congregational needs are 
concerned. Haphazard, methods can not possibly meet 
the expected requirements. One of the western churches 
closed its last fiscal year with a balance of over $100 on' 

of their fellow Christians. We are made. to wonder at 
the meaning of this. Is our religion becoming mere 
formality, as one of our informants concludes? This 
writer tells of an afflicted one who, as he puts it, is 
"sneered at by the elder and others of the church mem- 
bers, and is left to suffer, while there are at least $15,000 
worth of automobiles surrounding the church every Sun- 
day." That sounds pretty bad, doesn't it? Our cor- 
respondent says, too. that these members are very faith- 
ful in attending church services and in the other usual 
church obligations. What can be the matter? We should 
like to believe that he has overdrawn the picture, but 
we are more than half afraid there is too much truth in 
it. What is the substance of our religion? Or is it only 
shadow? . — 

"The Friendly Church." — A recent issue of the Ur- 
bana, 111., "Courier" speaks of the death of a minister 
of that city, and emphasizes the fact that he caused his 
church to be known as " The Friendly Church," because 
he had the power of imparting his personality, which was 
the very souf of sociability, to his entire membership. 
He was not offensively friendly, nor condescendingly 
friendly, but simply friendly in the real sense of the 
word, without guile, and without other purpose than be- 
ing helpful in whatever way he could. It was natural 
with him, and so genuine that its influence unconsciously 
affected his entire membership. The stranger who hap- 
pened to drop into that church was so forcibly impressed 
by the hearty welcome accorded him, that ever after he 
thought of that church only by the name unanimously 
accorded $o it, "The Friendly Church." 

An Entire Church at Work.— While contemplating the 
missionary phase of the " Forward Movement," the By- 
stander was forcibly impressed by the thought that in 
several ways we might learn a greatly-needed lesson 
from the zeal of the Moravians, so far as missionary 
activity is concerned. Tha^ church, as few others, since 
the days of the apostles, has caught the New Testa- 
ment conception of things, and from first to last has held 
it steadfastly. The entire membership constitutes an or- 
ganized missionary body. It lives only to establish and 
maintain evangelistic undertakings in the lands of dark- 
ness. It has no other errand so important upon earth. 
As Bishop Levering so admirably explains: "Whenever 
men or women unite with us in church fellowship, we 
endeavor to make them feel that they are entering a great 
missionary society." A wonderfully large proportion of 
the members is actually toiling upon pagan soil. But 
what is even more remarkable,— those who remain at 
home. by no means count themselves, free from responsi- 
bility, and at liberty to look on without concern, and to 
be at ease. They hold themselves subject to call, and 
by warm sympathy, by constant and fervent prayer, as 

hand because it adonted a nr^tViT"" " iV T "" weU as by Hberal & Us of money, which cost no slight 
>t adopted a practical financial plan. Other self-denial, lend inspiration and courage to the sorely- 

years, when no systematic plan was employed, there 
was always an annoying deficit. 

burdened toilers at the 1 front, and hence are able to for- 
ward the work quite materially. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1919 




India Distressed by Famine 
Late cable messages fully confirm earlier intimations 
by .our own missionaries, that India is facing a serious 
famine. Unpleasant as such news may be, to all of us, it 
is the part of wisdom fully to inform ourselves as to 
actual facts, and then to do the best we can under the cir- 
cumstances. A letter from Bro. Stover, earlier in the sea- 
son, indicated a serious lack of rain, and apparently the 
apprehensions, then entertained, have been fully confirmed 
by the latest cable reports. While a little rain has fallen 
in some parts of the land, the larger part, of the country 
will be in great straits for six months at least, and prob- 
ably more. Latest authentic information, direct from our 
workers, will be published at an early date. 

other countries of Europe, of America, and, in fact, 
throughout the world. Should such a result be accom- 
plished, it would do away with the perpendicular division 
between nations on the line of national and racial char- 
acteristics. There would be established, instead, a hori- 
zontal division between the different classes of men,— 
in brief, capital against labor! 

President Wilson in Italy 
Jan. 2 our nation's Chief Executive crossed the Italian 
frontier, and was given a most enthusiastic reception at 
various points, and especially in the city of Rome. A 
seven-day tour of ftaly will be made. Incidentally, 
President Wilson will have an opportunity to reconcile 
the conflicting claims of the Jugo-Slavs and Italians, both 
of whom lay claim to the same strip of coast territory 
along the Adriatic. The situation is aggravated by so 
many complexities that it presents one of the greatest 
"puzzles to be worked out in the final peace settlement. 
President Wilson is to be given full opportunity to study 
the situation in all its bearings. It is to be hoped that his 
ready tact will be able to pour oil on the troubled waters. 

The Helping Hand 
While every sympathetic heart of our country is nobly 
responding to the call for help in the Bible Lands, it 
is encouraging, indeed, to learn that those who have been 
helped and enabled to care for themselves, are, in turn, 
anxious to assist in the great work of relief. At the 
Red Cross Orphanage in Jerusalem a number of young 
men are learning carpentry, shoemaking and other trades, 
their pay being but thirty cents a day. And yet these 
young toilers,— like the believers of apostolic days— are 
willing to give " out of their poverty," to help those who 
.are in sore distress. Many of the women of Palestine, 
earning but a pittance each day, willingly give even be- 
yond their real ability, in order that some one may be 
kept from starving. 

The Miner's Greatest Foe 
One of the largest coal operators in the United States 
estimates that intoxicating liquor is costing the country, 
at the very minimum, 8,000,qOO tons of anthracite annual- 
ly Other operators— of hundreds who have been asked, 
—estimate a loss of twenty and twenty-five per cent. Ev- 
ery mine located in license territory, is losing two days 
labor after each pay-day. Now, while many miners are 
constantly complaining about this or that feature of their 
work' they fail to see that the greatest enemy of their 
real prosperity is one of their own creation— strong 
drink Benjamin Franklin at one time said that ' the 
highest tax we pay is the one we voluntarily place upon 
ourselves." Liquor is the miner's Highest tax, and also 
his most inveterate foe. 

Making the Church Really Efficient 
A new spirit of higher aspirations and greater efficiency 
seems to permeate practically all denominations of our 
country at the present time. With very few exceptions 
the call of the present-day opportunity has come to them 
with an irresistible force, and preparations are being made 
to meet it as adequately as possible. One of the largest 
churches in St. Louis, Mo., is making use of a unique plan 
to have every member employed at a definite task. To 
this end the membership is divided into companies 
ten each of which is in charge of a captain responsible 

Great Britain's Masses Want Demobilization 
So far as the great bulk of Great Britain's population 
is concerned, there seems to be a great pressure for the 
speedy demobilization of the British army. The people 
are war-weary, and determined to get down to a normal 
basis of living as soon as possible. Lloyd George, the 
country's great leader, has during the recent election 
been given unmistakable evidence by the votes of the 
people, that they are in full harmony with his views on 
leading questions. He has clearly put himself on record, 
so far as his opposition to conscriptive military service 
and ultra-militarism in general is concerned, and his ut- 
terances have struck a responsive chord. 

of the leaders of the martial element are pushing 
compulsory military training for a huge reserve corps, 
to be available on short notice. Most army officers 
favor a universal one-year training period. When Na- 
poleon permitted vanquished Prussia to have only 
a small standing army, the militarists of that land 
at once adopted compulsory military training. Keep- 
ing the specified number of men under arms, the com- 
panies composing the army' were continually changed. 
In this way the whole German nation was militarized and 
Kaiserism started. We are sure that no one favors the 
plan of Prussianizing our nation, and yet something of 
that sort might happen unless we are willing to enter 
into the war-averting-agreements of a League of Nations. 

Momentous Difficulties 
As the war has been the greatest in all history, so the 
Peace Conference must on a vast scale redraw the map 
of the greater part of Europe, Africa and Asia.— a prob- 
lem of infinite difficulty and delicacy. The members of 
the august tribunal are facing a task of the most ter- 
rifying perplexities. Germany's future will be whatever 
the peace dictators are pleased to nlake it. If they are 
actuated by principles of fairness as well as strict justice, 
the permanency of peace may be reasonably certain. 
Should there be, however, a disposition utterly to crush 
that country, as well as to deal selfishly with the smaller 
nations, there are bound to be future wars in plenty. In 
view of this, due consideration should be given to the 
urgent plea on the part of many, that fervent prayers he 
offered for Divine Guidance of the Peace Conference. 

Disastrous Effects 
No class of men has watched the dire results of the 
influenza epidemic more anxiously than the officials of 
the various life insurance companies. Information from 
all parts of the country has been compiled by them, 
and all are agreed that deaths, caused by the epidemic up 
to Jan. 1, have reached the enormous total of 500.000. 
Losses sustained by life insurance companies, directly 
due to the epidemic, have so far reached the appalling 
aggregate of $125,000,000. which imposes a severe strain 
on even the most conservative companies. In fact, sev- 
eral of the weaker concerns have already been crowded 
to the wall. While it was thought that the computation 
of rates and the mortality risks were placed on an ab- 
solutely scientific basis, the ravages of the epidemic have 
shown their utter inadequacy. 

The United States Wholly Altruistic 
European nations, vitally concerned in the pending 
deliberations of the Peace Conference, find it difficult to 
comprehend that the representatives of the United States 
will not insist upon any material reward for the share 
taken by this country in the war. So long have Euro- 
pean nations looked upon war as a lawful means of gain- 
ing spoils for the Victor, that it is difficult tor them to 
realize how any one could be animated by a wholly un- 
selfish motive. Following the Boxer uprising in China,— 
during which the principal nations of Europe, together 
with the United States, participated in the task of re- 
storing orderly conditions— large indemnities were as- 
sessed against the Chinese Government. Only one coun- 
try—the United States— refused to accept the proffered 
funds— later on dedicating them to the noble task of 
educating Chinese students in the colleges of the United 

States. — 

The Y. M. C. A. Not to Blame 
While during the war, and even since the close of 
hostilities, a most remarkable work has been done by 
the Y. M. C. A. for the comfprt and well-being of our 
soldiers, both in the United States and in Europe, not 
a little criticism has been indulged in. This is partly due 
to a lack of information, but some of it is doubtless a 
deliberate attempt to belittle the work done by the Y. 
M. C. A. Dr. John R. Mott, replying to some of the 
criticisms in a recent comprehensive statement, clearly 
proves that the Association has not, as charged, finan- 
cially profited by the operation of canteens; that it has 
furnished many articles to the soldiers wholly free, be- 
sides all their writing paper and envelopes; that the over- 
seas secretaries have not been discourteous and impatient 
in their dealings with the soldiers. Dr. Mott's statements 
seem to be well substantiated and reflect creditably upon 
the Y. M. C. A. 


'"' "'"™ '=«■-;—"- - - - "Definite about sinking Germany's surrendered navy as 

,e general activity of those assigned to him. Definite jail, ng^ ^ most S effectual plan o[ disarming - 

lines of work are confided to the members of each group, 
and the captain makes sure that each one sticks to his 
post. As a result, every 

Just now, 

The Need of Sober Thought 
while leading diplomats in Paris are 



nember does his allotted task. 

Momentous Times 
While, with the signing of the Armistice, the great 
struggle of over four years came to an end, it will be 
many months before any true estimate can be prepared, 
showing what has been gained and lost in this world 
war. The price paid in men, in money, and in d ev "' a - 
tion and distress, has been beyond all computation. Will 
the result measure up to the cost of attainment? That 
will depend on the deliberations and final decisions of 
the Peace Conference. At the present time Europe is 
largely in a state of turmoil. National militarism is sup- 
posed to have been dethroned, but it will require close 
watching, lest it reappear among the victorious Allies. 
In Russia the power of the Bolsheviki, with the red flag 
of the workingmen and soldiers, has taken hold of af- 
fairs. There is great danger that the erratic teachings 
of these political visionaries may gain a foothold in 

rendering it harmless, a clamor is being made to spei 
six hundred million dollars for additional battleships for 
the American navy. To those who had fondly hoped 
that after the declaration of peace there would be gen- 
eral disarmament, the proposition above alluded to is de- 
cidedly disappointing. Are we to continue as before,— 
to place heavy burdens of taxation on the nation, espe- 
cially when the indebtedness of the recent war is still 
upon us? Our beloved Chief Executive has given us 
Blowing assurances concerning the benefits to be derived 
from the " League of Nations." Shall we spurn all that 
and continue to foster the very spirit of intense n. 
ism, which has just wrecked half the world, 
the debts of twenty or more 
Meanwhile, here at home, 


and piled 

nations mountain-high? 

there is already great differ- 

ence of opinion over 

the. size of our standing army in 

nion over me, siic u. „... -* — = 

the future. Both Senate and House favor a force of 
-sufficient to police the 

Death of a Noted Exponent of Fasting 
At the ripe old age of eighty-seven years, Dr. Henry 
S. Tanner died Dec. 28, 1918, at the County Hospital of 
San Diego, Cal. Dr. Tanner's practical application of 
the theory that health and long life are promoted by long 
periods of fasting, attracted world-wide attention some 
years ago. For several weeks in the summer of 1880 Dr. 
Tanner was the most talked-about man in America, if 
not in the world. This came about through his fast of 
forty days, conducted at New York under the strictest 
of medical and scientific supervision,— he being the first 
person of modern times, voluntarily to undergo such an 
ordeal. It was Dr. Tanner's firm conviction that many 
ailments, to which the human body is susceptible, might 
readily be cured by judicious periods of fasting, and 
in not a few instances his theory has been amply vindi- 

World Expansion 
Basing their predictions on developments that followed 
the close of the Civil War in 1865, close students of world 
affairs look for a most extensive expansion of industrial 
and agricultural activities in the various fronlier regions. 
A large part of the world's natural resources have not as 
yet been touched, but with the release of thousands of 
men from the world's armies, the widest utilization of 
these is sure to follow. Already a number of transcon- 
tinental railroads are being planned, in all parts of the 
various continents. The very heart .of Africa is thus 
to be reached, and similar facilities arc to be given parts 
of Australia, Asia, and other undeveloped regions. Will 
the Christian forces, in this era of world-wide develop- 
ment, be alive to the opportunity thus presented, of pro- 
claiming the Gospel Message to the thousands provi- 
dentially made accessible? 

Colorado Prospers Under Prohibition 
Jan. 1 Colorado entered upon its fourth year of pros- 
perity under prohibition. So well satisfied is every com- 
munity in that Commonwealth, that it would be impos- 
sible to vote a return to liquor domination. The whole 
moral and economic order of things has been so com- 
pletely changed and improved since the law became ef- 
fective that those who most opposed it are now its 
warmest defenders. Before the election of 1914, when 
th amendment to make Colorado a dry State was car- 
ried by a narrow margin, it was predicted that grass 
would grow in the streets of Denver. This and other 
dire calamities were prophesied, if Colorado went dry 
but, somehow, they never happened. On the contrary, 
the beneficial results of nearly three years under pro- 
hibition are so clearly apparent that another amendment, 
making Colorado "bone-dry." was carried at the recent 
election. Denver, as the largest city in the State, has 
not found it necessary, by reason of the closing of its 
saloons, to adopt any measures other than those sug- 
gested in the ordinary economic administration of Its 
municipal government. One year was sufficient to dem- 
onstrate the truth of the statement that crime and the 
liquor traffic go hand in hand, and that the closing of the 
saloons and the consequent loss of license revenue are 
more than offset by the decrease in crime and expense 
incident thereto. When prohibition became effective in 
as an immediate closing of 
saloons and seventeen 

not less than 500,000 men,- 

Philippines, the Sandwich Islands, the Mexican bor- 

der, the Panama Canal, and to meet emergencies. Some 

Colorado. Ian. 1. 1916, there was an mm 

breweries. Denver then 
had a population under 250,000. Now it is 270.000 Ar- 
rests for drunkenness in the same city decreased from 
3,129 in 1915, to 1,549 in 1916. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1919 

The secom* 
five years foi 
That means _ 
tion per year 
added to the 
is not a singl< 
is very low- 
years hence, 
scribed." T 
endowment i 
leges have n 
spell " efficie 
be Christian 
created. Ui 
mum, they ts..w 
dead if she is 
be efficient, a 
the church ai 
The third f 
engaged in r> 
some " specij 
who can not 
already an a Z 
not to grant 
lege departm 
direction. V 
gets its mone 
exist unless 
of the colleg 
for religion i 
dents shouldf 
does not reft I, 
of the Y- M. J 
ciations are i 
to has in mii 

The four A 
dents lookinl 
ice." This | 
to the social 
are in every wj 
whom are in i j 
This, again, 
would be mel 
teacher that ml 
of them throul 
of laymen wll 
ingly dedicatfl 
high order. 1 , 
the vision an 
portunity tha 
The fifth J 
graduates d P 
sion work.' 
in the past t 
have been cla 
a minister, 
Where gradu; 
pens. The pa: 
excellent. Ai 
that 45% of 
are either in 
ysion field. P I 
/ that a very 
' Tn some in 
enter the m 
school must 
the future, 
stitute about 
should give • 
church. If 1 
leaders, they 
Christ will sfl 

The goal 
ment durinj 
sible. It c 
done. Muc 
These are A 
the task laic 


Angels of the Household 

Selected tty Aiuin Leah, Goshen, Ohio 
Not they who cluster round the hearth 

With cheerful looks and smiles, 
Who charm away our grief and care 

With loving words and wiles; 
Upon whose cheek the bloom of health 

Has left the roseate glow. — 
No, these are not the angels sent 

To guide our steps below. 
Too often we forget that life 

Is but a passing day. 
That all its bliss, its joys and hopes 

Like mist will fade away, 
And strive to win for those whe love 

Pride's highest rank and name, 
Forgetting that the silent grave 

Knows not of earthly fame. 
But when the twilight shadows fall 

Upon the weary earth, 
When e'en the children leave their play. 

And hush their noisy mirth. 
Then memory o'er our heartstrings sweeps 

Her shadowy, mystic wand, 
And those we loved in other days, 

Again beside us stand. 
Again our mother's loving voice 

With music cheers our way; » 
Once more we clasp the prattling babe 

We lost but yesterday: 
And every love that heaven has caught 

From earth's unkindly shore, 
Again to us in fancy comes 

To bless us as of yore. 
And when by earthly cares recalled. 

We put our dreams away. 
How worthless seems the dross of earth 

Which over us held sway! 
Our hearts are purer than they were. 

And free from passion's tides; 
The dearly loved and early lost — 
They are our angel guides. 

— Ninette M. Lowater. 

Mandy Miller Enjoys the Evening 


There, the last dish is in the cupboard. I guess I'll 
go out on the porch a spell, and enjoy the evenin'. 
Seems to me this is about the hottest day we've had 
this summer. There's Mary Warren a settin' on her 
porch, with a white dress on: It does beat all, — at her 
age. Her hair is every bit as gray as mine, if she does 
let it fall away from her forehead in loose waves. 
Well. I'm thankful I never was no hand to try to fool 
people by lockin' younger than my age. I might go 
over and talk to her, but I reckon 'tain't necessary, — 
her legs are as good as mine, 'specially since I've got 
so rheumaticky. (My, but the mosquitoes are thick! 

I wish my .front porch was screened in like Mary's, 

but I never was no hand to spend money when 'tvvasn't 
necessary. I'm thankful I'm not too lazy to kill a 

Mary Warren never seems to get tired, running 
over to the Jones home. I s'pose she finds out all 
about their business that way. Well, I never was no 
hand to pry into other people's business. I went over 
to Mary's once when she had just come from the 
Jones home, hopin" she'd appreciate my friendly in- 
terest and tell me about them, but all she did was to 
ask me if I had a pair of Harold's outgrown shoes, that 
Jim could wear. The idea! Me givin' a pair of my 
boy's shoes to that little urchin. No, thanks! 
'T wouldn't be so bad, if the family really needed help, 
but I figure that a man that can walk half a mile a 
day for exercise, is strong enough to support his 
family. My man never neglected his family, and he 
couldn't walk a step, the last ten years of his life. Of 
course, 'tain't ever)' one that can write, but there's 
other easy jobs. Any one can find work that wants 
it. I just told Mary I didn't know as I had any that 
would fit him. and then I remembered that my beans 
were' 'most boiled dry, and hurried right home. 

There's them two Simmons kids again. They always 
go by slow and look in. I know what they want; 
they'd like a chance to swing in my hammock, but I'm 

not goin' to begin it, or I'd be pestered to death. 
There, they are opening Mary's gate. I wonder if 
she's goin' to let them swing. Well, for the land's 
sake! If she ain't swinging 'em herself, and laughin' 
as if she wasn't over ten years old ! I'd be ashamed to 
laugh so loud, — at her age. I'm thankful I've got too 
much dignity for that. I'm glad I didn't go over. I 
wonder what she's gone into the house for. Well, if 
she ain't bringin' out a double handful of cookies! 
Land sakes ! I should think one apiece would be 
enough. Look at 'em run! Mary must 'a' told 'em 
to take some home to their baby sister. Well, it's a 
pretty easy way to get rid of 'em, — awful expensive, 

There's Mrs. Needham. I wonder what she wants. 
I s'pose she's coming to borrow something. That's 
about all she ever does, except to forget to return any- 

Good evening, Mrs. Needham. Yes, it's pretty hot. 
A cup of sugar? Why, yes, I guess so. Sugar's 
pretty expensive, and we can't get much of it any 
more. I don't much approve of this borrowin' busi- 
ness, these war times. Did you bring anything to put 
it in. Mrs. Needham? That gold-band cup I bor- 
rowed from you a couple of months ago? Why, 
surely you must be mistaken, but I'll look and see. 
Well, sure enough. It is here, up on the top shelf. 
Wait, I'll wipe it out. Let's'see, how did I happen to 
borrow it? Full of sugar? You don't say! Well, 
now, this will save me the bother of returning it. 
Won't you sit down awhile, and enjoy the evenin' 
with me? Well, good-bye, then. 

I'm glad, she's gone. I call that mighty little, to 
come right to my house and tell me I owed her her own . 
cup full o' sugar. I reckon she'll know it when I 
borrow anything from her again. Anyhow, J was 
going to pay it back as soon as I could spare it. Now 
I'll have to go. and buy some right away. 

There come the Nelson girls. I wonder if they'll 
stop here. I wish they would. I heard that they are 
going to marry the Martin boys, — have a double wed- 
ding, and all that sort of thing. If they stop here, 
maybe I can find out when it's to be. No, they're 
goin' in at Mary's. 

I don't see what their ma means, to let them marry 
into that family. Why. the Martins used to live neigh- 
bors to us in Iowa, and a more shiftless outfit I never 
saw. Many a time I've gone over to Mrs. Martin's 
to borrow a loaf of bread, and she wouldn't have a bit 
in the house. And more likely than not the children 
(there were certainly enough of them) would be 
cryin' for bread. I remember that once I went over 
and they hadn't had any bread in the house for three 
days. I was shocked at such carelessness, and told 
Mrs. Flannigan about it, and she didn't do a thing but 
go an' put her hull bakin' o' bread, except one loaf, 
into a clothes-basket, and take it over there. 

Of course, the boys seem like good boys, — good 
Sunday-school workers an' all that, but you never can 
tell. Sometimes shiftlessness an' things like that crop 
out, even to the third and fourth generation. Of 
course, if their man don't care, I'm sure it's none of my 
business, but I reckon I could tell her a few things, 
if she'd take the trouble to ask me. Anyway, I'm 
glad my Clara is married to a banker. I wish she'd 
come to church more regularly, though ; she's gettin* 
a little bit careless. I must speak to her about it. 

I wonder what Mary's talkin' so earnest about. I 
wish I'd gone over when I first thought about it. I 
believe I'll go yet. I'll see first that the back screen 
is honked. Why, I believe they're going. Pshaw! 
Well, I'll go anyhow, as soon as they're out o' sight. 
Then I'll be there if any one else comes. 

Why, there comes Martha Jones, running. I wonder 
what's wrong. Now she's gone in at Mary's. I wish 
I could hear what she's a sayin'. For the land's sake ! 
If Mary ain't a goin' with her without even stoppin' 
for her hat ! I wonder what can be the trouble. May- 
be Mr. Jones is took worse. I didn't s'pose he was as 
bad as that. Well, if he dies, I s'pose I'll hear about 
it in the morning. If they want anything, I reckon 
they'll let me know. 

There's the, minister. He's going to Mary's too. 
Well, he'll get left,— maybe he'll stop in Here, an' 

talk to me awhile. I've been wantin' a chance to tell 
him a few things. Pshaw ! there's the telephone. 
Just as sure as I get to enjoyin' the evenin', it's sure 
to ring. I 'm most tempted to have it taken out, some- 

Hello. Yes, this is Mandy. Oh, is that you, Mary ? 
Where are you? At McLane's? What,— the Jones 
baby suddenly took with pneumonia? Well. I'm hot 
surprised. It's a wonder they ain't all dead. If I 
wasn't so rheumaticky, I'd go right down, — there 
ain't anything down there I can do? Well, if my help 
ain't needed, I sure won't walk down there, — they 
want some one to take care of the twins? Land sakes, 
Mary! Surely they don't expect me to have them 
little cyclones tearin' through my house all day long? 
Martha will stay too, an' keep 'em outdoors? Why, 
that would be three to cook for!- I'm sorry, but, — 
he expects to pay for it? How can he? I thought 
he was out of work. He has a job now? Well, it's 
about time. Of course, it'll be hard on me, — having 
'em tumblin' round under my feet, but some one will 
have to take care of 'em, an' I reckon it might as well 
be me as any one. When will they be here? All 
right, I'll look for 'em in the morning. Good-bye. 

I wonder if the minister's gone yet? I guess he must 
he, — I don't see him anywhere. Well, I reckon I 
might as well go to bed ; it's gettin' late. 
* * * 

I wonder what time the Jones children will be here. 
I'm glad I changed my mind an' decided to help them. 
I always was quite a hand to help people when I 
knew they really needed it. It gives one a pleasant 
feelin' to be doin' what they can, and I reckon it'll 
give some of us a mighty pleasant feelin' in that day,' 
when Jesus says: "Inasmuch as ye did it not." 

And Mandy slept. 

Minot, A r . Dak. 

Dress, An Index to Character 


That dress is an index to character can not be 
doubted. Experience teaches us that excessive dress- 
ing betrays a frivolous mind, low ideals, and the lack 
of purpose in life other than to attract the admiration 
of the opposite sex. Simple, tasteful clothing is worn 
by women of culture, high ideals, and those having a 
noble purpose in life, — that of Christian service. The 
clothes, of course, do not make the character of the 
individual. Neither does the wool produce the char- 
acter of the sheep. But the spirit of the individual is 
only known as it is. manifested through tile action of 
the body. 

With the good-thinking people, women's efforts to 
rid the world of evils such as tobacco, strong drink, 
etc., would stand out with so much more power and 
influence, if they were not slaves to the institution of 
fashion, which is second only to that of the liquor 
traffic. With this before us, would we not say we are 
dealing with a subject worthy-of our most serious con- 

We feel that we are making a mistake here, in not 
considering it seriously, in clamoring for the things 
that tend to lead us downward instead of upward. It 
is plainly seen that women are forsaking the teaching 
of the, Gospel and are following the God of Fashion. 
All through the ages we read where woman had to be 
warned against pride and vanity, which seem to be 
her besetting sins. Reading the Word of God, it 
seems we would have no need of church rules or club 
reforms, is so plain in its teaching on simplicity. 
It is serious, when we step aside from the Word of God. 
We wish all might understand that simplicity, ~which 
is taught by our Master, is placed on higher ground 
than tradition or custom. The laws of God are un- 
changeable and when we step aside from this teaching 
we are doing a very serious thing, without considering 
its results. The Word was given by Divine Authority, 
and should command our fullest respect and most 
cheerful obedience. But why is it that we seem to 
refuse to obey? We appear to forget that the soul is 
of greater importance than the body. The ornaments 
of the heart are of more value than all the gems and 
pearls, for this body will perish, but the soul lives. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1919 


Virtue love, gentleness of spirit, purity and a cultured 
mind are the priceless jewels that are to be worn by 
the Christian. The lack of these are often seen in 
the body displaying ornamentation. 

While we send missionaries to convert the heathen, 
many of us are bowing down to the God of Fashion. 
Why waste our money for all these things entirely use- 
less? Think of the sorrow and suffering. Many are 
starving for food to sustain the physical body and 
■many are starving for food for the spiritual body. 
Our Government called for men, and many responded. 
There is a call from our great King in heaven to which 
all should respond with greater zeal and deeper respon- 
sibility than to any Government call. God hates even 
a proud look. " He resisteth the proud, but giveth 
grace to the humble." 

In reading God's Word we see where he brought 
severe punishment upon women because of pride and 
extravagance in dress. Let us take warning. To 
whom am I the most loyal— Christ and the church, 
or the world? This question is good for each of us 
to think on. " Love not the world, neither the things 
that are in the world. If any man love the world, the 
love of the Father is not in him." Let us consider this 
seriously and adhere strictly to the simplicity of the 
Gospel. Let us do everything, great and small, with a 
single view of pleasing God. If we please him, no 
matter about pleasing the world. 

The Gospel is the study which prepares for eternal 
life. Let us study the Word more, that we may not 
drift worldward. And those of us who prpfess Chris- 
tianity, let us meditate upon the Gospel truth and 
meekly submit to its plain and simple teaching. The 
more we know the great facts in the life of Jesus, and 
meditate upon them, the more our characters are trans- 
formed into the same beautiful image. Where, in 
the light of such a life, is there room for worldliness! 
Where is there excuse for following the frivolities and 
foolishness of the world! Christ did none of these 
things and neither can we if we are his followers. 
Roanoke, Va. 

p 0we r,— a power that can be depended upon, and a power 
that has met the test and proved its value. In my esti- 
mation nearly two million soldiers are ready to say and 
are saying: "This Power, this Friend is found in Christ. 

Then let us mobilize every available power to bring the 
world to Christ. "Let the Spirit and the bride [the 
church] say. Come, and let him that hearcth [the Chris- 
tian] say Come, and whosoever [everybody that recog- 
nizes God[ will, let him take the water of life freely. 

It will take time for the working out of this plan, but 
let it start in America. The world is looking to see what 
America will do now. America stepped in and interceded 
for humanity, for the weak and helpless. Now the world 
is ready to follow our example. We must give then, the 
very best tilings possible.-the best in our lives, our 
services and our all. J- ™P h W.lhford. 

Camp de Mcucon. France, Npv. 27. 

receiving the children. Then we shall receive the reward 
of " inasmuch as ye have done it unto the least of these." 
Mrs. W. J. Benner, Matron. 
Timbervillc, Va„ Dec. 26. 



« Write «hat thou ««t, "id "■"< '" »ntothechurch«" 

Thanksgiving Day here, at the Y. M. ( 

s being 
observed' with" many different ceremonies: At 7 A. M. 
the Catholics held their early mass; at 9 A. M. we, C» 
F A held Thanksgiving services. Chaplain Brundage 
was the speaker of the morning. He brought a very im- 
pressive message to the soldiers, crowded in the big Y 

^iThis address he emphasized the fact that this Thanks- 
giving was like the first, inasmuch as we were ready to 
explore a new age and new conditions. The world he 
said would be new to us from this time on, because a ter 
seeing what we have, the world would seem to us like 
new -just as it was to the pilgrims when they landed at 
Plymouth, before going out into the wilderness.- he 
land of forests, where wild beasts and savage Indians 
abounded. He showed how the originators of Thank . 
giving Day builded an altar and thanked God for the bless- 
fngs bestowed by him, before attempting to go farther; 
and that we, just before embarking for our homes, had 
met to thank God for his blessing to the world. 

Since leaving Camp Shelby we haven't had a very good 
chance to carry on our. Bible Class, but we met last 
Sunday with a good attendance, and splendid interest was 
manifested. I find it rather surprising to see the change 
"hat takes place in the boys, after seeing the horrors of 
war and its desolation. After leaving home and friends 
one would think they would have a tendency to harden 
their hearts and ignore what is right, but from my ob- 
servation it seems that they think more seriously o he 
finer things of life, pertaining to the soul I was <a k ng 
to a man this morning after services. He said. I tell 
you that was a wonderful address. The tears ran down 
my cheeks like water." 

So it seems, when the conditions about us are unfavor- 
able and the soldiers' spirits have fallen, the Spirit of God 
speaks peace. Then it is that Christ is our Counselor an d 
Guide, to carry us through and sustain us. Then it is 
that we find we are not tempted alone that we arr : not 
left alone to overcome the evil one. Christ's words come 
to us: "Lo, I am with you alway." 

I thank God for the consolation of One who ,s ever 
ready, though "other helpers fail." . . . \*' h " c * h £ 
the greatest means of drawing men from a life of sin to 
the fold of God is to show them their need of a reserve 

Yesterday, while looking over the last number of the 
"Gospel Messenger" (Dec. 14). I was much impressed by 
the short write-up by " D. W. K." on the subject of 
" Gratitude." To me it is very fitting. Since then many 
thoughts along that line have been running through my 
mind. The one uppermost is this: " Have 1 always re- 
membered to thank my Heavenly Father for the many 
favors and mercies received?" 

Then I thought of the first time I ever prayed. I was, 
just past my seventeenth birthday and some one had 
conferred on me a favor which, at that particular time, 
I yery much appreciated. After expressing my heartfelt 
appreciation, I retired to my room, closed the door and 
knelt and thanked God for putting it into the mind of 
that person to confer the favor. I remember how hum- 
ble and utterly dependent I felt, in the sight of a kind 
and all-wise Father who had, from my earliest existence, 
guided all my ways,-had protected and cared for me 
when I ofttimes would have fallen into the depths of sin 
and shame. . 

But to the subject of " Ingratitude." It does seem hat 
nothing so chills and fairly freezes our inmost soul as 
not to be appreciated, especially by those whom we serve 
most A few months ago, while teaching the Bible Class 
in our country Sunday-school, I was feeling somewhat 
discouraged because of the lack of interest and the sma I 
attendance, and so expressed myself. One of my pupils 
remarked: "Jesus Christ himself was not appreciated 
when he was here on the earth and did so much for the 
people. Why should we expect it? " 

Sure enough! But why do so many of us accept so 
many blessings without returning to show our gratitude 
or appreciation? In our prayers, instead of continually 
asking for more favors and blessings, let us cultivate the 
habit of praise and thanksgiving. Let us take time to 
"count our blessings" once in a while, and especally 
now, at this particular time of the year, while the sacred 
associations of the recent Christmas season are st,H fresh 

. . Anna Reed, 

m our minds. 

Myrtle Point, Oregon. 

The District Mission Board and the Santa Fe Avenue 
workers have for some time been contemplating a change 
of location, as the industrial district is crowding out the 
resident population at our present location. A number 
of years ago the " Channing Street Mission " met with 
a similar (ate, and was merged with our present work. 
The work at the two places has covered nearly twenty 
years, and the good accomplished will only be revealed 
in eternity. Scores have been baptized, many of them 
have passed to their reward, and others are widely scat- 

At a recent meeting, in which the Mission Board met 
with the Santa Fc workers, they requested the Board to 
be allowed to move the work to Boyle Heights. The 
Board granted the request, to try out the work there 
for six months, agreeing to furnish half the support 
for the pastor if the workers of Santa Fe and Boyle 
Heights would furnish the remainder, and secure per- 
mission from the First Los Angeles Church to make the 
change. Within one week the balance of the support 
was pledged, and unanimous permission granted by the 

In accordance with these plans, we closed our services 
at the Santa Fe Avenue Mission on Sunday, Dec. 22, with 
the Christmas services and the usual gifts to the Sunday- 
school. Next Sunday. Dec. 29, our work and workers 
move to Boyle Heights, 234 North Record Street, and 
unite with the Mission there. 

We have appointed a chaperon to accompany the chil- 
dren to our' new location and return, paying their car 
(arc both wavs. Thus we will try to care for those who 
have been with us in former years. An all-day meeting 
has been planned for next Sunday, at which time the 
organization of the Sunday-school and Christian Work- 
ers' Meeting will be effected. A series of meetings is con- 
templated in the near future. The writer is retained as 

C. W. Guthrie, 
3722 Madison Avenue, Los Angeles, Cat. Dec. 24. 


The old year is almost spent. Christmas is already in 
the past. Many sad hearts are mourning the loss of loved 
ones. Many are waiting to hear from their boys, to 
know they are safe. Many homes have empty chairs, 
yet in the midst of all the sorrow, we have many reasons 
to rejoice. At last we have peace.-not only national 
peace but the peace and good will that Jesus brought. 
Many sacrifices have been made that we might be able 
to help feed the oppressed and starving children in for- 
eign lands. Truly, it has been well said that this is 
not a time of self but of sacrifice." 

We have nineteen bright, happy, lovable children in the 
Home at present. There has been very little sickness and 
as yet none of the influenza epidemic. We feel very grate- 
ful to the Great God who has cared for us. • 

The children were very liberally remembered on Christ- 
mas Day by several individuals and Aid Societies: also 
two Sunday-school classes. Such gifts bring happiness 
and joy into these little lives. Some time before the great 
d»y J ca y me, boxes began to arrive Little hearts wer 
beating fast. Many quest.ons were asked Little feet 
were funning here and there.-al. were wi.hng to help 
make the day a success. One little boy, who. with his 
two sisters, recently came to us, said they never had an 
orange nor a toy! and only knew of having on. St e - 
candy. Can you imagine what a pleasant Christmas 
mean, to them, when I tell you they had never J,e«n 
taught of the things that mean so much to us The> are 
only little, but they have already learned that ^ they ha, 
missed much. They are not willing to go back to live as 
They did before. When we see the homes from which 
such children have come, it makes us feel that we want 
to do more. It makes us work with renewed energy. 

O yes. they are worth all the trouble, all- the care and 
expense. We must give them better homes we must 
each out more. There are many more such children who 
need our help. Let us rally to the great need.-that of 

People who have traveled through the southern moun- 
tains often speak of this section as the log-cabin country, 
and well they have a right to give it tins name, for 
wherever you may chance to be, while in the mountains,- 
look whichever way you will.-and you will see these 
little log-houses dotting the sides and tops of the moun- 
tains These little cabins arc of all sizes and all degrees 
of excellence, but they usually consist of a single room, 
rough-floored and ceiled, with a big stone chimney at 
one end, one door at the front and another at the back, 
with, possibly, a window or two. 

As prosperity attends him, the mountaineer may add 
another log-room or two, alongside the first, covering 
them with one roof, and usually leaving an open passage- 
way between. The chimney, often built of hewn stone, 
hides a greater part of the end of the cabin. The house 
itself is built of hewn logs, that is. hewn on two sides 
one to face inward for a somewhat smooth wall and one 
to face outward to give an appearance of finish to the 
building. Few take the trouble to square the log on all 
four sides The round sides are turned towards each 
o.her and the cracks made by their failure to meet are 
chinked with wedges of wood and wet clay or mortar 
The larger crevices, which appear in time, may be plugged 
up, but the smaller ones only help in the ventilation, in 
which the wide fireplace and the open door are the most 
important. It is customary, with these mountain people, 
to have the door of the cabin open throughout the day^ 
This is a habit that was born both of hospitality and of a 
desire for light and air. A. nigh, the door is s ihut and 
fastened.-a precaution that dates from the days of In- 

d ' HoJp'umy is a cardinal virtue of the mountaineer. He 
usually has a spare bed for company. If no , and he 
knows you can not fare better at a neighbor s, he will 
make sure that you are accommodated, though the chil- 
dren or his wife and himself, have to sleep on the floor. 
The farther back in the mountains, the truer this is. 
Ne ,„ ess to cities and the railroads have made the n.oun- 
faneer both more suspicious of his abi hty .0 please to 
tastes of the stranger, and more greedy of the strangers 

"Travelers from the homes of the well-to-do or from 
restaurants of the cities may find the fare ra her 
meager It is always the habit of the mountaineer to 
« hospitality with an apology for its P a.nness: 
» Vou-all are sure welcome if you can eq al our. fare. 
What the mountaineer eats, for the most par,, he raises 
„„ his own land.-" hog and hominy" being the most 
(Continued on Page 30) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1919 

The second 
five years toi 
That moans 
tion per year 
added lo the 
is not a singl* 
is very low,— 
years hence, 
scribed." T 
endowment f 
leges have n 
spell " efficie 
be Christian 
created. Uj 
mum, they a f 
dead if she is j 
be efficient, a 
the church ai 
The third f 
engaged in n 
some " sped: 
who can not 
already an a 
not to grant 
lege departm 
direction. V 
gets its mone 
exist unless l 
y of the colleg 
for religion l 
dents should | 
does not ref< 
of the Y. M.. 
ciations are < 
to has in mil 
The four 
dents lookin 
ice." This 
to the social! 
are in every 
whom are in' 
This, again 
would be me 
teacher that n 
of them tnTOU, 
of laymen wl 
ingly dedicate 
high order. 1 
the vision an 
portunity tha 
The fifth I 
graduates d*"" 1 
sion work." 
in the past t, 
have been cla I 
a minister, a 
Where gradu: 
pens. The pas 
excellent. Ar 
that 457o of 
are either in ' 
ysron field. B- 
/ that a very 
In some in 
enter the m 
school must 
the future, 
stitute aboutl 
should give 
church. If t 
leaders, they 
Christ will su 

The goal 
ment durinf 
sible. It a 
done. Muc 
These are f 
the task laid 
ful ? 




The Mount Morris church has had her share of church- 
less Sundays during the fall and winter. Twice we have 
had to suspend services on account of the epidemic of 
influenza. Each time we were unfortunate in losing one 
of our number by death. Conditions ha\e cleared up now 
until we are enjoying unrestricted service privileges 
again. We are thankful for the relief that has come. 

Our hearts rejoice in the return of the boys who had 
gone to answer the Nation's call. Already a few have 
come back, and more are sodn to be at home. May it 
never occur again, that men shall be called upon for such 
a service! 

Our Thanksgiving offering to the General Mission 
Board was $245.56. 

The Christmas offering for the Armenian children is 
not yet complete, but stands at $245.60. This offering is 
being held till Jan. 1, in order to give those who could 
not be at the Christmas service a chance to give with 
us who were there. 

We are looking forward to a revival in February and 
are hoping that we will not have to postpone it, as so 
many have had to do in the months past. 

Dec. 28. Lola M. Root. 


The Aid Societies of Michigan and some from Northern 
Indiana sent many good and useful articles of clothing 
to us for distribution in needy homes. Herewith we give 
an illustration of the joy that was brought to one of 
the homes by your gifts. 

A few days before Christinas several pieces of clothing 
and a few toys were sent to a widowed mother, and 
two days later wc received these letters: 

From Hi*. Mother.—" I wish you could liave seen the children 
Inst night. It would surely have made you happy. The little 
brown dress is fl little large, but it will do fine. I can use 
everything nicely, but the rubbers I will bring back. I told the 
children: 'I wonder if Papa knows. I believe he does.' He 
lind such n wonderful vision of what God would do for us. 
How it pays to be n Christian when everything goes well, but, 
oh. in time of trouble, how dear the Lord gets to any one! 
Love from us nil to all. Pray for us!" 

From Her Crippled Boy, Who Can Not Walk.— " I WHS sure 
glad to get the things. I needed the knife, as Mamma burned 
my other one with somo onion peelings. Many, thanks for all the 
things you sont." 

From Her Girl of Eleven, Who Sends Her Thanks.— " How 
surprised we were when Mamma got home with her big load 
of presents! I thank you very much for all the things. I am 
wearing the shoes already; they just fit me. When we tried 
the babv's dress on she said: 'It do looks nice, don't it?' And 
she hugged up the dolly and nsked if it was hers. Brother has 
been wearing his gloves nil evening. He cut his thumb with 
his new knife, but he didn't mind that." 

We thought these letters of thanks should be made 
known to the sisters of the societies, that they may 
learn something of how their work is appreciated. 

Any other societies, that feel led to help in the work 
here, may rest assured that it will be appreciated. 

May the Lord bless the work of our sisters in the 
Aid Society! Sister Roy E. Miller. 

65 Cutler Street, Grand Rapids, Mich. 

I spent most of the year 1918 in teaching vocal music 
in Virginia, Tennessee and North Carolina, and find a 
great need for more and better singing in the church and 
Sunday-school services. I taught in three churches where 
I had conducted classes twenty-five years ago. It was 
surprising to see how few of those, having formerly sung, 
were in the classes at this time. Some have gone to 
their reward, others have lost interest, and a few seem to 
have forgotten that the young people must be taught if 
we are to keep up our singing. 

Very few people sing by note. I find the young people,- 
as a rule, are interested in music, but the crying need 
every' where is leadership. There is not as much singing 
now in the home and social circles as thirty years ago. 
This, to my mind, is one cause for the lack of interest in 
so many churches. Unless we, as a church, wake up and 
give more attention to having music taught in our congre- 
gations, three things will happen within the next thirty 
years: (1) We will have instrumental music in our serv- 
ices. (2) The spiritual and devotional side of music will, 
to a large extent, be lost sight of. (3) Congregational 
singing will be a thing of the past. 

Instrumental music will not supply the need. It is only 
a substitute, and a poor one at that. There is nothing 
more inspiring than a congregation singing with spirit, 
understanding and grace in their hearts. Singing is an 
expression of the emotions. Wc sing as we feel. Xhere 
seems to be a drifting away from the old standard hymns 
and spiritual songs. One reason for this is the introduc- 
tion of some of the popular songs into our devotion. 
Think, for instance, of trying to worship God by singing 
" Keep Sweet," " Brighten the Corner." " Keep on the 
Sunny Side," etc. These songs can be sung with profit 
to those who are out of humor and have the blues, but 
there h no worship in them, — not a word that lifts the 
heart toward God. Contrast these with such hymns as 
"Holy, Holy." "Break Thou the Bread of Life." "*Tis 

So Sweet to Trust in Jesus," and many others of varied 
expressions, which stir the emotions and lead one away 
from the things of earth, to stand on higher ground where 
the soul is refreshed in the presence of God. 

It is very gratifying to recall an incident in connection 
with the closing of one of my classes in Page County, Va. 
When making an appeal for workers, and urging better 
preparation for singing in the world to come, six stood 
for Christ, and four young people were baptized. 

Many a conscience has been awakened by the influence 
of sacred song, and inspired to live a higher and nobler 
life. This should encourage the teacher of sacred song to 
make his work largely evangelistic. There is too much of 
the mechanical in our singing and too many songs with 
only a "jingle." Pray for more teachers and a revival of 
sacred songs, — songs that appeal to the devotional and 
spiritual life. " For it is good to sing praises unto our 
God; for it is pleasant; and praise is comely" (Psa. 147: 
1). D. M. GHck. 

Trevilian, Va., Dec. 23. 

Messenger' and 'Missionary Visitor" quite thoroughly, 
while in the hospital, I am impressed with the fact that 
those who do not take these publications, or take them 
and do not read them, arc missing a great source of in- 
struction and inspiration." 

In closing, I desire to express my fervent hope that 
every agent may be prepared to do his share in reaching 
the proposed goal: "Five Thousand New Subscribers for 
the 'Messenger.'" S. E. Netzley. 

184 N. Van Buren Street, Batavia. III. 


There are certain elements that enter into the success 
of any undertaking. A disregard of these essentials will 
inevitably spell failure. Perhaps this neglect, on the 
part of some of the agents, is one of the reasons why the 
promoters of the " Forward Movement " insist upon the 
speedy realization of the slogan*: " Five Thousand New 
Subscribers for the ' Messenger.' " 

Aside from the pastor and the evangelist, there is no 
better medium of communication between the church and 
its members than the "Messenger." For that reason no 
home in the Brotherhood should be without the official 
church paper. Xhe, important question, therefore, is: 
" How shall we make the five thousand new subscribers 
an accomplished fact?" The answer is: "Through ef- 
ficient agents, working conscientiously in each congrega- 
tion of the Brotherhood." Note a few of the essentials: 

1. Let each agent go carefully over his field, checking 
up such families of his congregation as are not, at present, 
subscribers for the church paper. Then let him visit 
these families personally, — not at the church or some 
other unsuitable place, as is the custom of some of the 
agents, — but in the home of the prospective subscriber, 
where everything is favorable for an appropriate presenta- 
tion of the question. It is much easier to obtain a sub- 
scription when the solicitation can be attended to in the 
privacy of the home, than in a crowd, where an embarrass- 
ing situation, at times, is created. 

2. It is a good plan to read the agents' letter to the entire 
congregation at church, on some Sunday previous to the 
individual soliciting. That will pave the way very nicely. 
As the agent starts out, let him not become too easily dis- 
couraged. When^a member says "No" the first time, 
when approached, perhaps he has not had sufficient time 
to consider the matter. He should be called upon a 
second and.- occasionally, a third time before taking the 
"No" as final. Usually, however, by this time, the pro- 
spective subscriber is ready to yield to the well-put argu- 
ment of the faithful agent. 

3. The agent should see to it that all members of the 
congregation, financially unable to subscribe for the " Mes- 
senger," are provided with the paper. This is a point of 
importance. No congregation can afford to have a single 
family unsupplied with the "Messenger." 

4. After the " Messenger " has been placed in every 
home of the congregation, let the agent solicit friends 
and acquaintances outside of the church. In this way 
the "Messenger" may be introduced into many homes. 
The writer of these lines has thus succeeded in placing 
the "Messenger" in many homes of nonmembers. In 
addition to that, many of our premium books, such as 
"The Other Half of the Globe," "Saturday Night," "New 
Testament Doctrines," and others, have been advanta- 
geously introduced. 

5. The agent should also see to it that a copy of the 
" Messenger " is placed in the Public Library, or other 
places of the kind, where it may breathe its Gospel roes- 
sage to countless other readers not otherwise reached. 
By the help of the Naperville and Elgin congregations the 
writer has been enabled to send thirty copies of the 
"Messenger" a year to the Joliet Prison. Who can 
estimate the far-reaching influence of the good s^eed thus 
dropped into some sin-sick soul? The chaplain reports 
that "the boj's " appreciate the paper very much. In 
addition to this, the writer is also furnishing fifteen cot- 
tages of the Girls' State Home at Geneva with copies of 
" Our Young People." I do not make mention of this 
in a spirit of idle boasting, but simply to show our agents 
the extent of the field to be covered. 

If "a drop of ink will make a million think," it is time 
and money well spent to distribute good literature. If 
only a single soul, even, is "touched and saved through our 
efforts, how great is our reward! I know of no better 
way to reach a large majority of people, than through the 
reading of the " Messenger." 

I was much impressed by a paragraph in Bro. O. D. 
Buck's " Reflections." written while he lay sick in one 
of our hospitals. He says: "As I have read the 'Gospel 


WHEREAS, We, the teachers and students of the 
Twelfth Annual Bible Institute of the Eglon Conference 
of West Virginia, in session assembled this 28th day of 
December. 1918, feeling keenly the tremendous issue and 
far-reaching importance of the approaching International 
Peace Conference, and 

WHEREAS. We are very desirous and prayerful that 
the religious conscience regarding peace principles be 
amply protected and guaranteed in all nations, 

THEREFORE, Be It Resolved, 

1. That we petition the General Peace Committee of the 
Church of the Brethren to use every wise measure and 
strenuous effort within their province, to the end that the 
World Treaty may furnish this protection and guarantee; 

2. That the Peace Committee of the First District of 
West Virginia be petitioned to indorse this paper; and 

3. That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the "Gos- 
pel Messenger" for publication. 

Institute Committee: Obed Hamstead, James W. Beegh- 
ly, Jonas Fike, W. L. Teets, Ezra Fike. 

District Peace Committee: Emra T. Fike, Chester 
Thomas. . ,» . 



We can look back over our past life and see wherein 
we have faileqV We have let many opportunities go by 
for accomplishing good. But these opportunities are 
gone never to return. Now we" have passed the portals of 
another New Year. Let, us Hot be dilatory. Let us, with 
new energy, lay our hands to the Gospel plow, and see if 
we can not do better work in the interest of the great 
world field. Some of us have become dull and need en- 
lightenment. Our eyes have become dim, and our vision 
needs to be improved. We need to be stirred up, to take 
on a higher life, to make us more vigorous and energetic. 

Some of us are almost at a standstill. Now is the time 
to come out of our state of lethargy, for time is too 
precious to be trifled with. The Lord's work is something 
we should be greatly concerned about. We should see 
where we are standing, and what the results will be if 
we do not rouse up and put on the whole armor of God, 
working while it is day, for "the night cometh when, 
no man can work." Florida J. E. Green. 

Middletown, Ind. 


How they have grown! About twenty-two or twenty- 
four years ago the first one, from a District standpoint, 
was held at Holmesville, Nebr. How the people did 
crowd that house to see what it would be like! It was 
published as being the first one of the kind held in-the' 
Brotherhood. The work" was largely elementary. Since 
that time the writer has attended many District, County 
and State Conventions. 

A four-day Institute has just closed at Huntingdon, Pa. 
I am safe in saying that, in its spiritual teaching, clear- 
ness in presentation of the abundant life in Christ Jesus, 
and the characteristics a disciple of Jesus will manifest 
with the abundant life, this Institute has not been sur- 
passed by any I have attended. And why? Is it not be- 
cause we are beginning to recognize the talent, experience 
and ability of those who have made a special study of the 
vital things which make for Christian character, outside 
of our denomination as well as in it? 

In this Institute was a State Sunday-school worker, 
Mr. Johnson, and Charles G. Trumbull, editor of the " Sun- 
day School Times." Both of these men, with those of our 
own church, made their. audiences long for and reach up 
by faith for that abundant life as it is in Christ Jesus. 
Brethren, let us throw down the human bars of selfish- 
ness and move upward, outward and onward to perfec- 
tion. J. E. Young. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 21) 
up pastoral work here may eommunicnte with the writer. — J. 
G. Stinebnugh. President Mission Board, Camden, Ind., Dec. 31. 
Notice to 1 1n- Southern District of Indiana. — The Trustees of 
the Aged Persons' Home met at that Institution Jan. 1, to 
discuss plans for its further development. This is the oldest 
Home of Its kind in the Brotherhood and recently became the 
property of the District. The farm consists of 14S acres. 
There are two buildings, of sixteen rooms each. This was 
the gift of our fathers more than thirty years ago. The build- 
ings are not modern In equipment and do not meet the legal 
requirements of the Board of Charities. In harmony with Dis- 
trict Conference we will, in the near future, make a personal 
canvass of the churches of the District, so that the coming 
summer we may be able to make such i 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 11, 1919 


necessary. Will the elders make an appeal tor ttu *•*' * b . 
Societies, also, will Please take notice May all «W»e ror a 
oral donation! All donation, should bo sen to Fred "'£"*"■ 
Mlddletown. Ind.-Ily Order or the Trustee.. J. IN. R»««. 
Secretary, Muncle, Ind. 

oak Grov. church ,net In council Dec. 21 with ■•'£•££ 
Whltmer presiding Two letter, were B ran^d. The following 
officers were elected (or the coming year. Bro. ». »' "'' 
111" „„. writer. .-U- -»« » :*^S 
Xaracon. "Mceneer agent^ At the Drm M ,. 

lag, on Sunday evening, Bro. uussei v->< „ Miller 

dent o„r Thanksgiving oflerlag nmonnted to $16.-IIarry Miller, 
North Liberty, Ind.. Dec. 26. 

Measnnt Volley church met in members' meeting Dec -1. with 

were granted We decided to ™i „ n ,, n ,...chool collection., 

-e^^'p'Slag^'S^^ .£-- --£ 
the following year: Bro. f ■ L ' ™. s1 ""' "', cs er Kindv. Chris- 

Christina Workers' Meeting. Bro i. "• »" • , ve „ r , „„d 

of the Aid Society was re "^""l" C „ collection was taken for 

Hiram Forney presiding T >e ycarl report, o «* _ rf 

aad secretary »" e ' e " d " SunSay -school. im.1V. Christian 
the church '""J" 1 ;,.'™ s,.,r, ; grand total, $1,214.05. 
Workers' Meetlag, $3u.07, Aid society *■■",£ t Qllltc 

Our membership numbers about niaet < »' /".« aur t„ B the 
number haye died and a »™«jj'' ™ y m °S. ° K „rt,. fr.ra the 
past year. Dee. 29 was Mi .. Ions j Day o|terlng o , 

E. Swlhart presiding. Two letters i oi d .„„„, s „perln- 

Bro. Walter McConnell was '*%'" *H e nr* J. Neff, " Mes- 
4endent for the coming year, aad Sister Henri § _„.„„„, 

senger" agent and correspondent . "«■ ' „ pr e ac ked a 

rendered a Christmas program. Bro J. a. o Burger, of 

S sermon, which was nrach ^pprecl ated. »*° M S ^ e \o the 
Howe, Ind., began a series of mee LI »' • cont ,„ ue our 

SS5 , h a e ,er°-i y Mr. tny He„?r J W ^,\outh P Whl..e,, Ind., Dec. 

for church and Sunday-school. Bro. Bolston was chosen elder 
by unanimous vote. Our .ervlce. hare been resumed again 
after being closed first on account of scarlet fever and then Influ- 
enza —Mrs A. C. Woodward. Cullender, Iowa, Dec. 30. 

spring Creek church met In council Dec. 20 with Bro. Harvey 
Oman, presiding. Bro. Gillntn was chosen elder for the ™ming 
year. Sister Will Elliott, superintendent; the wrier. Me.son 
ger " agent nail correspondent. Our series of meeting, and love 

feast were postpo 1 on account of Influenza. Our church ^ 

only closed a few Sunday.. Owlag to the Inclemency of the 
weather we did aot meet for Thanksgiving services. An * 

ering of .11.80 wU taken later for World-wide Mission. Our 
Sunday-school gave a Chrl.tmils program Dec. 22 All offering 
,,f $27.87 was tnken for Armenian and Syrian Kellef.-Mrs. Fannie 

Long. Fredericksburg, Iowa, Dec. 27. 


Lawrence congregation met ln .council Dec 27. Our J""": 
Kid V E racCuue presided. The communion aad scries of 

ewrert, Bro H W Hyrc. Trustee; Sister Elsie Forney, LlerK 

a ur Sumfnv schoo Secretary ; 'the writer. Sunday-school super- 

itid "n , nil president of Christian Workers Society A good 


all present.-J. H. Hoover. Lawrence, Ivans. Dee. 28. 

Ottawa church held It. annual election of officers Dec -7 
Bro K F McCnne was chosen as elder ln charge for the com 
Bro. B. 1. mcluiu | ,ed Suadny-school super- 

nfon'dnt and Bra j™' Carliey. preside,,, ., the Christian 

as o7"o,r™rsrf ^SH'" 

World-wide Missions amounted to *»'•«»• Our ™"£ given 

to the coming of Itro. S. IS. Thompson, of °" r ' , «"^ lt ^,^"" M ' 
to Begin To two weeks' series of meetings Jan. 20.-O11VC M. 
Wheeler, Ottawa. Kana., Jan. 1 

flnnnetnl report was read, showing a balnnce in the treasury of 
Jfl.n.3. The church decided to use ?5.58 out of the Sunday- 
school treasury for our apportionment for home mission dnea. 
We have decided to use the subscription plan to raise money 
for our current expenses for nest year. Bro. Wallace Ault was 
elected trensurer. The writer was chosen "Messenger" agent 
and correspondent; nlso delegate to District Meeting. Our church, 
was closed for some time, on account of influenza, but we are 
holding regular services at this time.— Lee Patton. Chllilcothe, 
Ohio, Dec, 24. 

Cincinnati Mission.— We will dedicate our new church Jan. 19, 
the order of exercises being as follows: 10 A. M., Sunday-school, 
11 A M. sermon by Bro. S. Z. Smith; basket dinner; 2: 30, ded- 
Icatorv service, with sermon by Bro. H. K. Ober and prayer by 
Bro D. M. Gnrver; 7:30, sermon by Bro. H. K. Ober. Sister 
Nora Shlvelv will be the song lender. Bring your "Kingdom 
Songs No. 2." We would appreciate a good representation of the 


. m rw s Fid Wm K. Hoop, of Westminster, Md., 

w'i. r r Br. Re s""F."sp.t-r - .u'perln'.cndcn't.-Mrs. Nelllc S. K.o.zel. 
Brownsville, Md., Dec. -31 

TtopcH. church met •»~"SJfcS^£ l 2^£^ 

niutre^SaoiTon "a^oKe Spaalsh ,„fl„e„za.-Mr, 
Sarah E. Yontz, Topeka, lad.. Dec. 31. 

"In Center church met In council Dec 2 1, v ,1th Ehl. D.^H. 
Anglemyer presiding. One etter w as re e ed >rs , MeMag 

ed. Our church, Sunduy-sc hool uud Oh'«tla B JoM D . 

were reorganized for th. ' 0", »g e». chrlB _ 

panee, Ind., Dec. 31. j F A 

Wnlnot church met in council Dec -1 » »i • thrlstlan 

pieman in chnrge The ^"■..^gj^f ° B rc. Lev, Puter- 
Workers' officers were eleciei Burroughs, presl- 

baugh, lender of p-rnjer meet. Ing 11 ^^ supK . 

dent of Christian Worker. Meeting ^ Nehep gnye 

iatendent; Bro. J. P. Apple nan eld «. ^ ^ HMtlngs 

a good report of our T "»»"« m "_' Rohr e r gave the treas- 
Street Mission of Chicago. B Jc ..e Bo hi ^ by „„. 

urer's report. T " e „ n,e . c " , " ! T C , l ° S ei„oe Ind., Dec. 28. 
Appleman.-Helen Mowiser, Tippecanoe I , ized our 

W e.t Go.h.„ ir'«e Creek^Dcc.« r W L re m g ^ 
Sunday-school, with Bro Lewis ^i o(herB m movlag 

ber „, onr member h, c moved ^oway ^ como ^ 
in and we believe that witii _ i tlnue to grow as It has 

tunitles. We trust aKW*™"™ program was given 

Swlhart presiding. He remained wltl us o year 

two very l»'«i;f »= ""'""IhroH Sunday school .uperlntend- 
were elected, w th Bro W b J r orkers . president; Bro. Welmer, 
ent; Bro. Mathlas, """''"" BIlmlB. trustees, and the writer, 
clerk; Brethren Bates and Eo> Hllem bren ^ , npg e a3 

correspondent. While our «"™ d " y « some g0 „d spiritual ser- 
Znrhr.ur'pSorBrrObrd^Blfe^Della Hllem.n, Marlon. 

Ind., Dec. 31. 

F .™.d congregation met if ^.J^ ^ere^.ed ^ 
Wise presiding. Officers for tie "i b . Hondsaker; 

Wlowsi Sunday-school .™' n " 1 *°''w it,o l>ih.c., Bro. D. W. 
Christina Worker.' presiaer.^ Br-o « c|u]reh 

Wise was reelected elder O . s „ 1. (h| _ ^, 

ice. thi. In" ""'."".Srf UaVbop. to enter upon fe 
£ l, ;e , ;r' ,, wi.r"re»^ed"e t ne a ;gy%o„le Stevens Sell, Nevada, 

tl Irch me, „, ."^^.SS!.''*-,,? \t SS 
presiding. Our Sunday-siliool was rco g (or w „, d lue 

is .uperintendent .0"_ T £S3S'Slnl.ta Onagy,, Iowa, 
Mlssioas amounted, to $170.80, air.. 

Dec. 26. „„ „ h Eld H . h. Wlng- 

Klngsley church met in council "»-»■ J.'J " w *„ chos e„. with 
ert presiding. Officers for tl j com «»,„„, . Er0 . Dc„W 
Bro. Earl Wilson. Sunday -school J C Society; Sister 

Van Orsdel, president of the chrls ™" slBter ,. Aid. Bro. Neher 
Kathryu Wiugert pre.iden of tl W^ , ( wM „„,„.,, 

was chosen na "Messenger =»"»«, „ „„e place Instead 
that we ceatrollze our «° A r^'° e , we have beea doing for 
of alternntely at »''•'£;* us from Twin Poll., 
.cveral years. Bro. S. S. Neb or nme ^ ,„ ,„, corn- 

Idaho, about Dec 1, to take up , 7 

iug yenr.-Edlth Lehman, Klng.l, 1, 10 . The pegul|ir 

North English church met In council u Sund|ly . 

business for the next year •« '"„ eU ,e,ed. On Thnnks- 
.chool aad Christian workers «l"swi ch „ r ches In 

giving Day wo held union «"''"""," ,„„,„.>,■ of stormy 
town" but Ihe nttendance w . ■ not m»g^ „ t founctl 

weather. An offcrhg ^ W-f^,,, "low*. Dec. 23 
Bluff.. Iowo.-A. W, Miner. Em(ipy pljce , 

Sllfer church met in council ™' " ' , strlct . B ro. Bol.ton 
2S ^'c^S'ou" SL^JSS New Office,. w«e chosen 


N .„ Haven ohurch m« 1„ coun^Dcc 23 ™ e S cn K d °„[T, 
presided. Bro Trnllor, W II I ». was Iccte^ I „ ,, 

the Sundaj-schoo.. S late r Since Sher, > ' a „ mon „ 

Kid. Boblson rcmaiael and e ^° k „, „ r 0rand Rapids, and 
Sunday morning. Eld. C L. W dkn , on 3undny 

„,.. Ployd Banger, of^^ f "»"» C 111 . oup ^^ , f 

morning. Bro J l.d.o I Ire. postpone them for 

ffi p^nT-A'na'l^mrTck. Mlddleton, Mich., Dec. 31. 
Wnrrensnurg church met In .council Dec 28 wllh Md D L ; 

elder of the South Warrenshurg , h 1 . <™< ° s „„ a morn . 
ing. Bro. Mohler guyc us ■ b >^»™ "™ de cldea to postpone 
ing, which wa. eajoyed by every PM. wo Blck „ M> . Our 

our love feast until sprlu. on nciount „, .„ ,, ^ ^ 

SST o«. r ng e K*!:* h c"p.dem,c.-Bowe„a Wampler, 
Warreasburg. Mo.. Dec. 3C 

will be the soag lender, onng your n,u BU «^ 
Songs No. 2." Wc would appreciate a good representation of the 
church here on that day. Como and bring well-nlled baskets. 
Those coming hv auto will find that the best road to this place 
Is the old Cincinnati Pike out of Dayton. Those coming by the 
way of the Big Four should come to Wlnton Place. Train 
leave. Sprlngaeld at 8:05 A. M.; Dayton. 8:45 A. M.. ."Iviag 
nt Wlnlon Place at 10:08 A., M. Another tralo leaves Springfield 
at 11:50 P. M„ Dayton 12: 25 P. M„ arriving at Wlnton 
Place at 1:32 A. M. Via B. & O. B. B.. leave Dayton at 8 
A M nrrlvlag at North Side at 0:48 A. M. Cincinnati Northern 
leave. Greenville, at 8:08, arriving at Wlnton Place at 11:25 
A M. lntemrhan ears leave Daytoa every hour on the even 
hour Those coming to Wlnton Place should take Clark Street 
car to Done Avenue, wnlk north to Chase Avenue, we.t to the 
church Those coming over the Intcrurbnn Line shoo, d go 
west to Chambers Street, north to the church. Those coming to 
the North Sldo should walk north to Chose Avenue, east to the. 
church. There will be good train service homo after both the 
afternoon and evening servlcc.-R. N. Leotherman, 1322 Cba.e 
Avenue, Cincinnati. Ohio. Doc. 31. 

ClrolevlBc mission mot In council Dee. 25, with Eld. I. G. 
BlOL'her presiding. Officers were elected for the en.u ng year, 
with Bro Ben Moomnvv. clerk, and Bro. Henry Cook. Mes- 
senger" agent. Bro. Cook was also elected delegate to Annual 
conroronct. and, wltl, the writer, delegate to District Confer- 
ence Our series of meetings will be held ln January by the 
postor.-Ollvcr Boyer. Clrelevllle. Ohio, Dee. 2T. 

Covlnston.-The " Trl M " class of young men ln our Sunday- 
school has beea an Important factor la the success .of our work. 
Thl. ; clns. was always ready tor work aad wllllag to help 
carry out the plans of the evecu.lve hoard of the school. They 
o„ heavily when the men were called. It was dttlog that a 
memorial Service should he held. Lust Sunday Bro. Geo. W. 
?,„y preached .0 a large audience. The boy. of the eta. were 
seated together. Some special music wn« given and then Bro. 
Plory read the Obituary notices, of the forty .four boy. gone 
from this class, three will never come bnck.-Bllzabeth D. Boscc- 
berger. Covington, Ohio, Dec. 24. 
„,,, creek ehnrch met. ln council Dec. 21, with Eld. G. A. 

^SuuTmw, ;-*•» '" "r srSrUTup™ 

as follows: Brn. O. A. Salder, elder; Bro. Leigh irreed. super 
Intendent Sister Alice Bos.orman. "Messenger" agent: the 
w ■ 1 , en responding secretary. Slace the last report four have 
been added to th. Church. Ou Tha°k.gWI»g ™ «^J ,»^™ 

, „n,l Svrinn Heller The Mission Band Class added 
J.7 0»" m l.l»nar"y .««!ng for the year 10,8 amounted to 
InS more H.nn for Ihe preceding year. One . - « » 
i„n- mpnntlv for colleee, to prepare for the mluistrj. vec. 01 
„, I ,an \ve hndiflih „. Bro. Virgil C. Plnn.ll, -.«•'« 
.everal very Interesting lecture..-Pearl Bodab.ugh, Williams- 
town, Ohio, Jan. 2. 


Ah. Church, on account of th. i epldemle ha, -t been^per- 
mltted to meet for _ public '".„„"., ,'"" „' m , „„„. for a few 
During this period the baa was remove £ (he ,,„,,„„ 

day. between Sundays; then put : on agaim c ommunlty 

doors were opened ngnln ».»«"-»« hay , mnny 

have been sick but u deaths have re.uKea V ^^ ^^ 
thing, to be thankful '»'■„;». '"„« , llt lh( . condition of the 
aervlces we were mode to relieci o u ond pe . 

world would be If, 'V' "T Woubf t ," world nn.lly revert 
llcioas .erviccs were removed. >" "" l "p , l wr „ te: "Neglect 
to" barbarism' It I. not na »»««"' l J» p ,F "°. L We ,„a rellgloa 
not the a.sembllng of yourselves '""^"".^j L s „ fly e,y, Alvo, 
are one; otherwise neither is anything. 
Nebr., Dec. 30. 


^nko B,dge._0,, church met In connel, 1 De. 14 and^lecM 
s,l„. following officers for the foml at yea r ^ j,. F . 

TV J r "c' e i Weibfv ' — s"g.t Vhrt« Martha Welbly 
Nedrow, C. J- weioiy. i ■ Sunday-school was also re- 

was f^ e l,aTT N drow „, .nperTn«nden,. Dec IB our 
nrgnalzed, with R. A. r.eur"i i results of their labor, for 

junior Mission Band brought •",'"« ^."f^rt^t „, „ little 
'"« >!f' 5;"r.' ln.ere,"tng' y ,o*-h'c;r ',,,c children state In whj 
over *2. It """ '"" excellent Chrlstmns program was ren 
they had invested An evceUent ^ ^^ „„,„,„„„,!, 

dered on the evening °' l ,^; lr |,,, 1 ' treat and .end the money 
decided to dispense wllh their usual treat Draounl .d to 

thus .nved to »■ ™ "^ J'iJ ,-Jhool superintendent 
$17.80. As a little surprise, tne . , popcorn and 

„„d his wife Presented euh child w 1 . ppte el a „d. We 

candy os a personal gKt, ™cn ■« ^ rf oup num . 

S e caire d d TSr B:r'G. e r 1S,ara Funderburg. 
Ludlowville, N. V., Dec. 30. 

. ,„ council Dec 22 and elected officers for 
Surrey church met In council »£■ - „ SM „ V e S ta Lam- 
another year: Elder. Bro D T. JlerdM?, » s „ nd „y-.chool 

SrjS"A"5S?tf !, h o..dT"-Nor» E. Pelry. Surrey, N. 
D„k., Dec. 20. OHIO 

Bunker Hll. ISugar Creek^-We met '".SStowa.^teu 
Bro. W. b. P'*" ^ ll«,h. 'tier trustee for three years; 

church clerk: Bro John [J.M* tier ^ „ w ,^ 

the writer, church cor es jMl „„ sch00l 0Dd 

n» in the Interest of "■j" 1 ™-, ".,, „ e h „ v e lost none of our 

Ch0, e f "M r's SaTalf Mb uaugh Berlin. Oh,., Dec. 20. 
members.— Mrs. saran »i » , rB „ 

Cusrleato. church rMtU ™ nnc ll^c. » « ^^ ^ 
;;';;;,""„rrw.H e aee T." »".«-, S..1 .nperlntendent. Our 

-wn, unio, j mi. *•■ „ 

officer." were cL-tcd for the coming year Wc then bad a ve y 

Xw",te ne w:r.lTe"d' V .o T,"' C eh,crSp, J »an' Ms » .'prlend 
his wife was or.iai i i nlln]= i r ,. was Installed In that 

?s Er ,e oSr^ei. il ;,.vTtera!Ly"^rbi 

his home study, war ■«»";"' q . Q t j-, we hnTe been an- 
lowed to attend . . rv i a ; ,, , s „ n ,i„,-,chool liter.- 

Ohio, Dec. 28. DBy , d Byeply 

r ..,.rl» ' nr "°™Vcle,cnglr v»,s elected Sunday-school sn- 
presldlng. Bro CIl dc t « ..Messenger" ogeat; Sister 

pcrlntendent: Sister urn inj , , fo „ ur communloo, 

h-n'Viocf ^4^. bisted four dayj e Beside. 
0„r home talent we ,h « h ^EhL 1. Brothep and 

church, Bro. a. A. Snher. or '""' ' especially glad 

Moyer. All gave us valuable as. stance we ^ ^^ 

for the information Brother an, 1 Sis tor . I g ^^ o( 

lug the work of our missions rles aad thlna g 
Christianity. Sister Cora St 1, y, o f Mn" ch. ttr C ^^ ,„ 
with us during the eollre """ - u.hclman gave u. 

singing, which »'« much J™"™' ' »£ attendance Va. not 
two periods each day of »»>»»""'>, the , n ,erest was excellent 

s e we°decs:rt. ?.rasfsass u. u^«. «««. 

F M!d2r-rlrch r met U c.acl^ 14^,,^ 

Bro. Edgar Sehooley, pre»U™t of Chr, sti.n (o en _ 

Wo had our Chri. mas program Dec. -3, aa ^ Ap _ 

me y a,a h n e , S „7' n B O eircV. n -"Edw. 5 rd 1arv.s, M.ddle.owa, Ohio, 

" D K.w 1 Co,U.,..-Our cuarterly ^VViVtr.^D-.vl'd 

but was -■■•"'."'Sr™ «S '» ""» bJ E1a ' 

Leathcrmaa. Dec 7 the mee'lat lved „„ d three were 

David Dredge. Two Letter, were jece ^^ 

granted. Bro. Walter Haik was re cted esl dent of 

pcrlntendent. Bro John M.sslen.nni ^ lm . rJ elasses 

because of the lnflueii... An ■'■'"g™™ """ neo pi e are tak- 
"-^^r^ot^lodue,, epidemic we did 



in' 1 


The seconc* 
five years toi 
That means 
tion per year 
added to the •_ 
is not a singl- 
es very low,-* 
years hence, 
scribed." T 
endowment i 
leges have re 
Spell " efficie 
be Christian 
created. Ui 
mum, they a.«*r ' 
dead if she is 
be efficient, a 
the church ai 
The third r 
engaged in r< 
some " specu 
who can not 
already an a 
not to grant 
lege departm 
direction. V 
gets its mone 
exist unless 
' of the colleg 
for religion * 
dents should ' 
does not reft 
of the Y, ML 
ciations are < 
to has in ma 
The fourl 
dents lookin 
ice." This ' 
to the social 
are in every 
whom are it 
This, again, 
would be me 
teacher that 
of them thro 
of laymen wll 
ingly dedicate 
high order. 3 
the vision ar 
portunity th 
The ft f tli 
graduates d 
sion work." 
in the past t 
have been cla 
a minister, a., 
Where gradu 
pens. The pa 1 
excellent. A 
that 45% of, 
are either in 
Aion field. F) 
/ that a very | 
In some ir 
enter the a 
school mus 
the future, 
stitute abou 
should give 
church. If i 
leaders, they 
Christ will s 
The goal 
ment durin 
sible. It c 
done. Mut 
These are/' i 
the task laic • 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 11, 1919 

(Continued from Page 27) 
common staple. This expression, as far as I can learn, 
is only another term for com bread and bacon. 

Occasionally a small cook-stove is a possession of even 
a far-back mountaineer, but the fireplace is the stand-by 
of perhaps the majority of the cooks. The iron pot of 
our great-grandmothers' time still swings on the crane in 
the mountain fireplace, and the "Dutch oven," or "bake 
kettle," as it is most commonly called in the mountains 
still does its duty amidst the glowing coals on the hearth 
The corn bread, or pone, is made of corn meal, cold 
water and salt, patted into a long, thick cake and de- 
posited in the bake kettle to remain until it comes out a 
golden brown. When wrapped in a greased paper and 
covered with live coals in the fireplace until baked, this 
pone is called "ash-cake." 

In the corner, or on the porch, of many a mountain 
home, stands the spinning-wheel. Its hours of duty 
today are not so many as in generations past, and carding 
and spinning are confined more generally to the needs of 
socks and mittens than to shirts and dresses. 

1 have seen fields that are too steep for any plow to 
cultivate or any beast to walk upon, and there no farming 
is done except with the hoe. Such fields are usually good 
for only one or two seasons of cultivation after having been 
cleared of their forest growth. The one-horse turning- 

P | I Uken thC P ' aCC ° f ° Ur grandfathers' wooden 

share Many d.scarded specimens of these plows may 
still be found ,„ the mountains. A plow, known as the 
bull tongue, which I may describe as a single-toothed 
cultivator wrth W i de flaring wings> ^ 

•ameers „ their sole horse tool, being used first to scram- 
ble the ground two or three inches deep for the planting, 
and afterward, along with the heavy iron hand hoe. <o 
ultnate the crop. Add to these implements the ax and 
the gun. and you have fairly represented the complete 
mechanical equipment of the far back mountaineer 

I he very poorest mountaineers live in the gorges or 
coves on the mountain sides or mountain tops, and in 
he rough hill land. They are usually housed in a ragged 
relative of the log cabin, though sometimes more forlornly 
ma slatternly plank hut. l n such a house the ch im y 
has degenerated into a cobblestone and mud daub or 
even perha a stick ch b or 

htt.e above the height of the fireplace. A patch of corn 

:£*£r a hog or ** ^.- r -t£ 

Kdison, Ga. °' K Helm ' 

rid? T "T tT " ly gra ' eful that not °"e fatality 

»,t ;; c .." rch circ,c - After ,his »«>■« 'w. a 

father and daughter, were received into church fellowship 
by the ordinance of baptism 

Several new families have located among us, a, least 
for the winter, and we greatly appreciate their help in the 
various church services. At present about forty-eight 

cTem T T iVi " g ''" 3nd n " r t0W "- B <= f °" "* eP ' 
demic broke out, our Sunday-school had reached an at- 
endance of seventy-five and we hope to regain this num- 
bered „ ,„ a vcry shori . £ 

ditions continue favorable. 

A members' meeting was held last Monday evening at 

cm 21 Br °- 2ig,er - A *° M 'y —be/being p g rc . 
en., plans were inaugurated for more efficient work. 

1. ■ . ^ Ard, "«" w " ''"ted as our Sunday-school 
Chr :; w"'; Si . S(erE,sie A '"inger was chosen as ou 
Christian Workers' president. 

A committee was also appointed to arrange for a place 
■" which to hold a series of meetings. The hall in w„ ch 
our regular services are held is also used for lodge pur- 
poses a nd can not be secured for continuous servic du - 

muc a ,7 e , u '"' ' hC neCd °' a e<»'"hhouse yery 

mucl and „ might prove the „„, Qf w . > J 

forjhis ,„ the near future, before property values' in- 
Just now the raanfacfuring interests of the town are on 

?he increase and this, no doubt, will attract some of our 
ople who arc looking for locations in towns of , h 

lind. These conditions can be made the nucleus fo 

Permanent church activities, if conserved at tne^ppo" 

A^kindly greeting awaits all who may come this way. 
Catharine Hollinger. 

church. St „i- Count? 'on* ' * t "aTV' "' T».™r.w». 
months and 29 rt RV j> ihJ, . . . i B18, aged 52 ?«■", 4 
1880. To .i,m\ d : r V- 6 .r S „ h \ i rSdren ,r V E J'l' B ™"»"»'S" '» 
of the Church of the Brethren .,-,1 became a member 

vived by her l„ [.band two ™„i , "'"* " B °- She '• ■"'- 

her husband, little »on, fatber mother Jwo, . sl,rvlv » d by 
brother. The passing away or ,M. ™,„; i ™ """' """ one 
was reared In a Christian h„„i ' j 8 moth " "as sad. She 

s ss h«^r^^u£3br„H ra= " s "■-- 

without the .novlnl „ta h °nd qJL*? P Mr »"™ 8 ' ."" 6nd c »""> 
-Iter. Burla, ,„ "the ^ eeS^f?' B^S,' &£ 


Marriage Dotlc .. ahoulj bg acc0ffi[)ai]led ^ 5o ^ 

of^rrrK iJa'e.'S^.SffiUTS"??! ** »" t a'""-"»''»» 
™"«fW" subscription t°, tf. i.wl? i.. i^ m0I "hs' "Gospel 
|. V ou,d be „.de at the t.Se* tti Sl^'SK IZ'U *fi™ 

^'SJ,";"?^';,;"- cb„„,. „ f ,be 

The Muncie congregation is closing one of the most 
successful years in the history of the church. The Zr 

CUT!: a " Ce in ,' hC ChUrCh SCrVk « has ■ncrelsed let 
cut) -five per cent during the last two years. Twenty.™. 
;«-• ap,, 2 ed a „d five reclaimed during the Tast ^a" 

%Z£2T<£££%£; °ST" prese,,t 

™»ee reported a„ debts paid^S ^ZIUZ' 
I-cuses of the church me,. The Sunday-schoo 1 " . so " 
»tl Pr :.T°" S year ^ —^attendance has b ," 

re^rTbe'-" reaC ' ,ing "" g ° a ' '" 1919 ' Wha^sLl. th^ 

offi A c'er a s r f o C r en ,!,c CO r C -' "* ChUrC " deCide " «° "«' «" — 

L. L Tce.e and I'" 6 ^ r- 13 "*"" D " W ' B °—. 
*-.i« leeter and Jonathan Greenhalgh were called , 

£1; K KftT^'^iS 

Studebaker Sunday-school superintend- 


"Blessed are the dead which 

SLEEP "") 

a die In the Lord" j 

Beaver, John, died Nov. 1 iflifi at 
Pneumonia, aged M vear. ■> m „„?h. n I , f° e ' ot i*""""* and 
five brothers and 8 "fe£ "„* 1 rj ' ^" y ' His '•«».» and 
weeks ago. Services by 'the " r i,„ ,, '"""'" s,,t " dIe " s ^ 
-John E. norland, B»„Ke r ,o"n "a Intem ™ t '" =."»S«tow . 

Mtowed by pneumonia. Dee 8 "Sis . gert ",' " " ic " °' "'"™"» 
2= days. She became a n.en.her ,f e ","'■ 3 ««"'">■ »'«. 

when sixteen years old she i, s ,,,.., I,c ' , C ''" r ;" »' 'he Brethren 
three brothers and two slaters llrl" ">' hCP """"' ■»•«■«. 
writer. Interment i," , S CrLI " '", "'* hm " bj ' ">" 
Sabetio, Kans. Creok eemetery._R. A . Toa ,, r 

ent: Bro 1 o W,„„. -u y " SChCo1 su P"intend 

Sisters Rachel Rarkk g v; o laMb an W ° rkerS ' P ' eSide "' : 
Rarirl „■ " arick . Viola Mahoney and Bro W r ar I 
Karicfc m.ssionary committee; Brethren 1 O w' 

« .-. .o dVrr^'r^arrrk vv ; e ar ; 7Z"^ 

be waged in our c „ ? - "1'S'Ou, campaign is to 

May we do our par, "„ r ,'"" '"' m0n "' "' Febr " ar >'- 
Muncie, l„d Dc *2; * '" g tb %«"*™'" 

Geo. L. Studebaker. 

regular church .ervice. Dec 15 Tll V?"" '° h °' d 

— ni,yt; h :::xf a r"--^;n;-t: 

— s blessings ^^C? S~* 

«rffi5ty5t?riS ^'ifeVnoa" f f- County, 
Dec. 10. IMS „ c ,.,| M ,.„,.';'' ," home '" Le Loup, Kans., 

With the Church „, tbe' 1 reihrenin ,VA° d ^ "" >S - S "' '"" t " i 
Beeghly in ,870. To this u„|„„ ° 5J' She , m«»led Urlas J. 
whoa, with the father in'o" Services "a t" "h ""■l""'"' "" ot 
wmer. interment a, P„ ,„, £5 r^- o'.Ut 

nn™5See JO / I o. t h:' e b. /n , .i SSEJ"?? ?£* ?" - "hilip 
Pa., Dee. 20. 1018, of 1.1,,,,, i/ 1 '", d " Cuovensvllle, 
montbs. „ nd a „; s S1 °e uniied with ,„"« '""■ " Bed M ."a™. 8 
In 1M0, ln the Chess Creek nh,,.^ ." C '' ur0 ' 1 of th e Brethren 
until her death No, M 10O& S m„ T, 5 „" <1 » VOted ™ e "">er 
to which „,„o„ were born Tur eblWrS^f^S.S'" 1 ' B " g "- 
daughter, with the father survive !m,' ? "' " son nnd 

preceded her a little o'!f,\„T years "go* \"„ '."'?" ""»<*'" 
laid 10 rest With the mother Neither H,'. ^5, SO ° w ns 

were able to attend the funeral be " i ,/'" " or el'"^™ 
Interment in ,l,e Greenville ee*ete' n ? * "'" '""»«■»■■ 
of KM. Geo. D. Cleav,^ St^S^^^^ «"»" 

=3 B I°S o S ,' 8 p t "e„r„";.' 1 ag d ed" 21 h J e e r ar h rib'e' SSTtJ^ D -" 
one sister and two brothers. Service, in ,, ,. , f, ! '? th ? r ' ,l "" her ' 
by Bro. John Price. Interment I , ?l,i » « L " ,crt '"-l"e church 
by.-Glenn Cnrr. Batavia. Iowa ' Bre 'l"e° cemetery near 

''."™vilu B „7ari?;^'a7„f ai i t tS r r?rt to "' °"'»- H « «■ 
honorably discharge,! l" ,B He „ n U , W V '" ISm . »« d was 
the Brethren Aug "l "om r„, J , d W " b tho Cluir eh of 

Dec 18 1018 nf i,i. °, """" mln C ever faithful. He died 
Ti,.„e, ano'e CO.." ,,, ' ! du'e" „" ;"«,'*, ""« b »' Pe "' 
8= years. II months inu 23 dav, old He w "' ° ld , " ee ' b " lne 
Henrietta IVelglo June „, S B ro LI, T"".?"'. '" S ' ,ter 
family of eight children „ ^, d ^ the deat," "" '"' "' ° 
leaves a widow -i nnmh.. ~r , ' e,,t " summons. He 

Children. Servos 7,°Z Py,m P 0„7c,,""eh"' <K , , ' S , ""* ^' ""> 
oh. cemetery near by.-Mrslri I,oo7,V 'd.'T L.r-Lyett 

:' '■ "-"^irye^^^^r™ - K b »=-^ 

and nine dausbtm She ,S „T,|, hTc, Wer , "."" """ »""» 
at the age of twe,,,v-,hr.s,e 1 ,vs ,«'"' ' °' '.'" Br « b ™ 

fl u C er 2 r.t Ce c C a'mS,^ W, N e ebr f ^T Jf^S."- °' S "»"" b '- 
months nnd in dnvs «i,I i" , ' 1918i aged 20 Veara, 4 

She has Seen a member o, t,rrr H U! ";°" d ""> '»'«' 8 0„. 
her childbed. Se" e |« b ,",„ b'e 1 „me''b^B , , f „' h ; S"'"™" """« 

atTaSbiC"^ Dec^'iofs' 1 ,™" •°° d CeC " C " d "' d " d 
15 days. Death was due %o i„l , *"<>'- >">•>■ 3 months and 

Bro. J. B. Moore^onsTau'-e'lSeToradt-^br 1 " "" ^ "> 

K,f" ta S„,°^ S 'i„ b 8"^°/ ( S , "y l e , ir, CO "m t 0„,r' T " «""""• 
became a member of ,h T church of a?", 1 ',." 1 9 """• He 
twenty year, „,„. H e marSriry S Shfcl '" VT't ""tn'" 
union were born eleht ehlWe.n ... . anocs. in 1874. To this 
Services by Kid DA St In,. "', ","°? l " ed '" '"""tW- 
Mary E. Crist, Qnlkttr, Kan, I °'" m< ' 1 " '" «■«■"" cemetery.- 

:^T^-~-"? say 

cSter/by'V rrCLc-i/waS. J^S* ^" 2 

d tol°TA„Z„ z ^D"e a ^ a ,'o e i8 te „g ed J f n r - and M f' °' W - F ""«' 
S 8 by S Bro'T"„ P "Nr 8 '"T St.'^'ft.'^SSl T 

dr. cLr^^e^ecrr ssg.'sJSs,^ - - "St 

Wichita, Kane. ^rancz, J532 Pennsylvania Avenue, 

Hoover, Sister Elizabeth Guyer wife of Urn pis ™ ti 

?r>!;i- bS^ 1 s^sa^r^^-s^jE! 

<CT h?r te LSerT,™X„r b r.brjte; Te l P »' N lV , 'i' 

*i d.T u .: ni, ,,s , ;'i' ! rr a " ec ' 1 a j "« 8 - 2 »■•■'»■ 

were h„ . "'""led J. p. House in 1880. To this union 

Brethren In her youth. Services at the cemetery b. Bid Amos 

Re'r-west"^' tSW*!*;, '■ f- M, "" er ° f »i«i-™ 
nost'er, M„ ' ebr ' 8e " ul ehurch.-Lutle Holloway, Knob-,",""' m™' G , e ,°-. W " d » u « ht " Of Sadie nnd Wm. Boit- 
nott, born near Maxwell, Iown, died Dec. 0. 1018. nt her father's 

sT'on 8 , ",'- ,5a S! W % " eed 1S '""• 1 .nonth nud 20 ,',y, 
ried Ceo vv fc n* J" 1 "™'' °' " e Brethre " '" 1017 - Sbe »S 
h„.„ ™ a ^»" e " b «"«0'- J»n. 24, 1017. To this union was 
born one dnughter. She leaves husband, daughter, father and 
b. the wH,° 1 "'a- lhe , rS o" n r J tW ° SlSters - S "*es at the grave 
Maxwe.i.Towa. T ""' ' °"; ^ " : ' : 4 - J ' K ' """'nb'erry. 
Kennedy, Polly, died Dec. 20, 1018. aged 84 years and 
months. She lived a consistent lift, having been a 
member of the Church of the Brethren for over forty years 
Service, by the undersigned, ns.lsted by Bro. s. I F^ory -J 
It. Kindig. Wnyneaboro, Va. 

M^,*",'° e m' S i 8 ' er Vcr "°' d,cd 0ct - »>■ 10I S. at her home nt 
McAllstervUle. Pn„ of inlluen 2 n nnd pneumonia, aged 17 year" 
11 months and 7 days. She was a devoted Chrlstinn. The 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 11, 1919 


mother and four Sisters survive. Services by the writer nt the 
home. — John B. Rowland, Bnnkortown, Pa. 

Linda ey. Sister Mflbe) Kvelyne, born at Kinross, Iowa, dhnl 
nt her home at Phoenix. Arizona, Dee. 5, IMS. of Spanish in- 
fluenza, aged 14 years, R months and in days. She was the 
daughter of Brother and Sister Ed. I.indsey, of Phoenix, Ari- 
zona. She leaves her father, motheV nnd three sisters. Her 
brother preceded her In death about a year and a half. Mabel 
was Biefe only two days, before the summons came. It was a 
painful shook to her parents, sisters and ninny friends. At the 
nge of twelve she confessed Christ as her Snvlor, uniting with 
the Church of the Brethren at North English, Iowa, of whleh she 
was u faithful member at the time of her death. She was laid 
to rest In the English River cemetery, near South English, 
Iowa, by the side of her brother. Short funeral services were 
conducted at the cemetery by Bro. I». P. Miller.— A. W. Miller, 
South English, Iowa. 

Mftrtwny, Chauncey, sou of Brother nnd Sister Geo. Mortceny. 
died Dec, 0, 1918, of Spanish influenza, aged .11 years. He is 
survived by his wife, three children, parents, two brothers and 
one sister. Services at the home by- Rev. Hoffmier. of the Re- 
formed church. Interment in Husband cemetery at Somerrilt, 
Pa.--J. W. Wegley, Somerset, Pa. I 

iLirtrrny. Lloyd, son of Brother and Sister Geo. Mnrteeny, 
died of cancer, Dec. 0, 1018, aged 28 yeurs. He is survived by 
bis wife, four children, parents, two brothers and one sister. 
Services at bis parents' home by Rev. Potren, of the Lutheran 
cfiiirch, and the writer. Interment in the Envnnsville ceme- 
tery.— J. W. Wegley, Somerset, Pa. 

Miller, Sister Margaret Ann, daughter of Eld. Daniel (de- 
ceased) and Sister Bettie Miller, died Dec. 11, 1!)18, aged "<4 
years and 18 days. She hud been nn invalid for several years. 
She was a faithful member of the Church of the Brethren. ' 
She Is survived by her mother, one brother and two sisters. 
Services at the home by Eld. Peter Oarber. Interment in the 
Pleasant Valley cemetery.— Ruth E. Williams, Mt. Sidney, Va. 

Mongold, Bro Geo. W-. died of influenza Oct. 23. IMS, aged 
20 years, 3 months and 13 days. He is survived by his wife. « 
Services by the writer.— S. W. See, MathJtrs, W. Va. 

Morey, Bro. Charles, of Ireton, Iowa, died Dec. 12, 191S. aged 
27 years. Twenty-four hours later his wife, Sister Ada Woods 
Morey. died at the age of 24 years. They were buried In the 
family lot at Hawarden, Iowa. Services by the writer, nssisted 
by Rev. Stuart, of the Presbyterian church.— .1. E. Rolston, 
Sheldon, Iowa. 

Myers, Sister Mary, daughter of John and Barbara Wherley. 
born in Preble County. Ohio, died Dec. 10, 1018, aged 89 years, 
6 month's and 8 days. She married Samuel Myers In 1855. Her 
husband died twenty-three years ago. To this uniou were 
born seven children. She leaves four sons, one brother, one 
sister and seven grandchildren. Services by Bro. J. Franklin 
Brnbaker. Interment in Lexington cemetery. — Mary Bowser, 
West Alexandria, Ohio. 

Nnrslbbal, Icehabhai, died at his home in Vali Mission. India. 
Oct. 18, 1918. On Friday preceding his death he was sdnt to 
an out-village in apparently good health. On Tuesday he re- 
turned with an. attack of lung trouble. Sister Himmelsbaugii 
did all she could for him until the Lord called him home on the 
following Friday evening. He was baptized In the early dnys 
of the mission In Raj Plpla State, Avas called to the ministry 
several years ago, and until recantly was one of our only two 
Indian ministers. He completed the Bulsnr Bible School course 
under Bro. Blough two years ago, and hnd since been the 
chief helper of the inexperienced missionaries in Raj Pipla 
State. He leaves his wife and five children to mourn his loss. 
We feel it a great loss to our whole mission. Such capable work- 
ers are only too few, but The Lord's will be done.— S. Ira Ar- 
nold, Post. Umnlla. via Anklesvnr, India. 

Sbimk, Sister Olive, daughter of Michael and Lizzie Dltmer, 
born near Potsdam, Ohio, died of bronchial pneumonia, follow- 
ing iniiuenzn, Dec. 10, ,1918, aged 29 years, 1 month and 2d 
days. In WOO she married Elmer Shank. She Is survived by her 
husband, three children, father, mother, three brothers and four 
sisters. She wns a faithful member of the Church of the Bret|- 
ron. Services from the home by Eld. Newton Blnkley. Burlnl 
In cemetery near! by.— Mary Weisenbarger, Laura, Ohio. 

Shaw, Bro. Dell F., born in Gage County, Nebr.. died at 
Beatrice, of Spanish Influenza, followed by pnenmonin, Dec. 0. 
1918. aged 21 years, 7 months nnd 14 days. Services by the 
writer at the South Beatrice church. Text, John 11: 2.— W. W. 
Blough, Beatrice, Nebr. 

Shermnn, Bertha Mary, wife of Geo. Sherman, and daughter 
of Jonathan Plunkctt, died of influenza, at her home near New 
Carlisle, Ohio. Dec. 18, 1018. aged 32 years and « months. She 
is survived by her husband, four children, father, three brothers 
and two sisters. Services by the writer at the home. — D, D. 
Funderburg, New Carlisle, Ohio. 

Snell, Paul Galen, son of Brother and Sister Jacob Snell, 
died nt the home of hie grandparents at Cambridge. Nebr., of 
pnenmonin, following Influenzn, Dec. 8. 1018, aged 6 years, S 
months and 18 days. Services by Bro. J. B. Moore. Inter- 
ment at the Aftou cemetery,— Constance Snell,,' Nebr. 

Snider, Surah, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Sam Weldy, born 
in A'dams County, Ind., died of acute indigestion nt her home 
In Wells County," Ind., Dee. G,\ 191S, aged III) years. In IsTil she 
mnrrled James Snider. She was a member of the Church of the 
Brethren for a number of years. She leaves- her husband, one 
daughter and five sons, one of whom is in France. Services at 
the Bmmaus church, near Tocsin, by Eld. 1). M. Byerly. Text, 
Joshua 1: 11— Emma Miller, Decatur, Ind. 

Snyder, Sister Ida, daughter of Elias and Alice Snyder, born 
near Cedar Rapids, Iown, died of Influenza and pneumonia, Dec. 
23, 1918, aged 3.3 years, 7 months' nnd lfi days. She united with 
the church in 1912. She leaves her patents and one sister. 
Services by the writer. Interment in the Dry Creek cemetery, 
near Toddville. Iowa.— S. B. Miller,, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

Tyson, Sister Sarah J., born in Bordentown, N. J., died In 
Norristowu. Nov. IB, 1918. aged (19 years, 6 months and 24 days. 
Sister Tyson was a devout Bible student. Services from the 
home by Bro. G. E. Yoder. Interment at Morris City cemetery. 
—Emma N. Cassel, Norrlstown. Pa. 

Whetzel, Margaret Ann, wife of B. Whetzel. died Dec. 14, 1918. 
aged 26 years, months and 14 days. Services' by the writer 
ut the New Dnle church. Interment In the New Dale cemetery.. 
Text, John 5: 28— S. W. See. Matlnns, W. Va. 

Winters, William Orvllle, born at Gait,. Grundy Co.. Mo., died 
Dec. 20, 11118, at Wichita, Kansas. De^ath was due to complica- 
tions. His age was 27 years, -8 months nnd 18 days. He Is 
survived by his wife, one daughter, ills mother, several half- 
brothers and one haif-slster. He was baptized Into the Church 
of the Brethren in 1914, nnd remained faithful until death. 
Services by the writer. Text. Rev. 22: 14.— M. S. Frantz, 1532 
Pennsylvania Avenue, Wichita, Kans. 

Wolfe, Paul Wilson, eldest son of Elder and Sister James W. 
Wolfe, died Dec. 14, 1918, of pneumonia, preceded by Influ- 
enza, aged 10 years, 11 months and. 4 days. He leaves father, 
mother and one brother. Services at the grave by Eld. Jere- 
miah Thomas. Burlnl In Thomas cemetery. — Idn D. Wilson, 
Brandonville, W, Va. 

Woods, Sister Georgin A„ died at the borne of her sister, 
Mrs. Chns. Morey, of Ireton, Iown. Dec. 11, 1918, aged 17 years, 
Burial at Hawarden. Services at the grave by the writer, as- 
sisted by Rev. Stewart of the Presbyterian church. — J. E. Rol- 
ston, Sheldon, Iowa. / 



The merchant stood examining the samples of the binding while his friend 
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" There are tildes when a man would give a lot to know something about the 
law. There are limes when a knowledge of the law concerning Sales, Insurance, 
Persona! Properly, Rills, Conlraets, Patents, Wills, etc., would save a man humili- 
ating and expensive experience. Any farmer or business man will tell you as 
much when he gets in a communicative mood. Putney's Popular Law Library t 
contains just the information that you and I want for ready reference, and that. 
Inn, in language anyone can understand — " 

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me over a set." 

Mr. Farmer, Merchant., Banker, or other business man, if you could see and I 
examine a set of Putney's Popular Law Library we believe that you would be 
as much interested as was the merchant in the true incident reliited above. We 
say this because this 12 volume library containing 4,685 pages covers the whole 
field of legal knowledge in a concise, readable and masterly way. These volumes 
are especially prepared to meet .the needs of the average man. Consistent home 
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in law. » 

We were indeed gratified at the number who took advantage of our recent 
offer on this $75.00 Popular Law Library. We still sell the Library at $9.95 
f. o. b. Elgin, while our stock lasts. . But to close out the few dozen sets that re- 
main we make the following special offers to those who wish to examine the books 
^in their own home. 


12 Volumes, 4,685 pages. Three Quarters 
sheep binding. 





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$75.00 LAW LIBRARY ""'^■^^ W wS 1 k s ruptcy 

9.95 Cash, f. O. b. Elgin, 111. ^^^^^^^» Spanish-American Law 


Three Special Offers c ««■■ 



If I 


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decide to keep it I will pay for the books by the plan marked with a cross. 
Be sure to put a cross before the plan preferred. 


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Library, of 12 volumes, three quarters sheep binding. 

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I will return the books in good cond*ion by the end of the five-day limit. 


R. D. or Street 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1919 


Official Organ of the Church of tho Brethren 

A rellgloua weakly published by Bretbrca Publishing Hone*, 

10 to 24 South State Street, Elgin, 111. Bubicriptlon price, 92.00 

ptr annum. In advance. (Canada anbacrlptlona fifty cant* «tra.) 






. cc 




ci J 


r_ . 



of 1 





a i 









D L. MILLER, Editor EDWARD FRANTZ, Office Editor 

L. A. PLATE, Asslitant Editor 
Special Contributors: H. B. Brumbaugh, Huntingdon, Pa.; J. 
H. Moore. Sel.rinc Fin.; H C. Karly,- Penn Laird. Va. ; A. C. 
Wlennd. Chicago, III.; D. W. Kurtz, MePhcrson, , Kans. ; H. A. 
Brandt, Elgin, 111, 

Business MonsEcr, R. E. Arnold 

Entared at the Poatofflce at Elgin, 111., aa Secoad-claae Hatter. 
Acceptance for mailing at apaclal rata of pottage provided for la 
eaction 1103. Act of October 8. 1917. anthorl ied Anguat 20. IMS. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 20) 
not begin our meetings Nov. 2. We bIbo postponed our love 
fenst until spring. At our church service, Nov. 24, we lifted 
au offering to provide a Thanksgiving dinner for some of the 
poor in Chlcngo. We held n union service with the United 
Brethren church on TlinnkBgivlng evening. An offering wns 
taken for the Belgian Relief Fund. Dec. 28 our church met In 
council. We elected church mid Sundny-school officers for the 
year. Our pastor wns retained for another year. Bro. Percy 
Beery was elected trustee; Lily Adcock, " Messenger " agent ; 
Bro." Harvey Stoner, ' superintendent of the Sunday-school; the 
writer church correspondent. — Mrs. E. B. Bagwell, Bremen, 
Ohio, Dec. 30. 

Sidney.— During the fall our pastor, his wife and the Sun- 
day-school teachers have, put forth nn earnest effort to keep 
our Sunday-school and church record up to normal. While 
ninny were sick, and several have died, we have succeeded In 
holding good attendance and interest, and our collections, at 
present, exceed all others in the history of the Sidney Mission. 
On Thanksgiving Day union services were held at the High 
School Auditorium. In the evening we held aervJceB nt our 
church. Bro. Wm. J. Tinkle and wife, of Bellerontalne, were 
with ny. Bro. Tinkle gave us n fine message. An offering of 
$24 was taken and sent to the General Mission Board. On 
Christmas evening Bro. Irn Frnntz, of Lorainle, gave us a splen- 
did message. Our pastor made a strong appeal for "Belief and 
Reconstruction work and nn offering of S40 wns taken. Because 
of the epidemic we have had no revival or special effort for In- 
gnlherlng. but during the past six months four have been bap- 
tized.— Bessie P. Schmidt, Sidney, Ohio, Dec. 31. 

Sutar Creek congregation enjoyed a sermon on Christmns Day 
by Eld. Samuel Driver. Bro. Dan Thomas, of Latty, Ohio, 
preached Dec. 22." We gave Christmns baskets to some of the 
poor people of Lima. The baskets were distributed by Brethren 
S. I. Driver, John Brndy and R. H. Rex. — Carrie B. Early, 
Limn, Ohio. Dec. 31. 

Sugar II Ul church met In council Dee. 17, with Eld. J. Frank- 
lin Brubnker presiding. Two lct^rs of membership were read. 
Oct. 11) hnd heen appointed for our communion, but on ac- 
count of the Influenza has been postponed until spring. Sundny- 
school officers were elected for nuother year, with Bro. Harry 
Erbaugh ns" superintendent at the Toms Run house, and Bro. 
Isaac Bowser at the Sugar Hill house. Bro. John Good wns 
chosen as "Messenger" agent. On Christmas Day Bro. John 
Garst gave us a very Interesting sermon. — Mary Bowser, West 
Alexandria, Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Went Milton. — Dec. 22, with sacred song and story, our Sun- 
day-school celebrated the birth of our Savior. Well may our 
hearts rejoice and sing for joy, for no greater gift or blessing 
,cnn the infinite God ever bestow upon the world. The entire 
offerings of the day, amounting to $02.20, were given to the 
Armenian and Syrian Relief. Thus we end the work of the 
year, — a yenr of joy and Badness, of sacrifice and blessing, a 
year that will never be forgotten as long as the stories of 
enrth'g conflicts and victories are rehearsed among the children 
of men. May God give, us pence! — J. Henry Showalter, West 
Milton, Ohio, Dec. 26. 


Portland. — Our Christmas program was rendered on Tuesday 
evening. Dec. 24. Bro. Reed hnd charge of the opening services. 
The Sunday-school pupils gave recitations and songs. The 
decorations were in keeping with the Christmas season. All 
present were remembered by the Sunday-school with n treat. 
We were sorry that a number of our boys and girls were absent 
on account of sickness, but we hope for their speedy recovery. 
The teachers of these pupils were appointed to look after their 
treat.— Grace W. Hewitt, Portland, Oregon, Dec. 20. 


Lancaster. — Our Children's Meeting, Dec. 1, was Interesting and 
well attended. Bro. John C. Zug. of Palmyra, Pa., and Bro. J. 
G. Meyer, of Elizabeth town, Pn., addressed the school. In 
the evening we enjoyed a spiritual love feast with nbout 100 
communing. Several visiting ministers were with ub. Bro. John 
C. Zug officiated. The night before Christmas many homes 
of the unfortunate ones of our city were made happy on re- 
ceiving baskets of provisions. Our exercises were held on 
Christmas Day.— Leah N. Phllllpy, Lancaster, Pa., Dee. 30. 

Ligonler. — After eight weeks without services on account of 
the epidemic, we are enjoying church privileges again. Nearly 
every member was afflicted but there were no deaths. After 
preaching last Sunday, two more were added to the church, mak- 
ing Ave for the year. Bro. Roy Wolford was elected Sunday- 
school superintendent, and Sister Ruth Wolford. Christian 
Workers' president. Dec. 15 we listened to a fine sermon by Bro. 
A. Klein Wolford, of Santa Ann, Cal. We have preaching every 
Sunday instead of twice n month.— Clare Wolford, Ligonler, Pa., 
Dec. 31. 

Morrellvllle.-— Dee. 22 an Interesting Christmas program was 
given by the Sunday-school. Notwithstanding the disadvan- 
tages under which the program was prepared, because of ' the 
epidemic, the result of the effort was highly gratifying. A 
unique feature of the occasion was the surprise which had been 
planned for the pastor, Bro. C. C. Sollenberger. At the close 
of the service a Christmas gift of ?120 was presented by the 
church as an expression of their appreciation nnd good will. 
The gift is valued for its material worth, but more especially 
for the spirit of confidence and cooperation which it signifies. 
— Mrs. C. C. Sollenberger. Johnstown, Pa., Dec. 30. 

Moxham congregation met in rouncil Dee. 17. Brethren Waldo 
Harehberg.T and Chalmer Gardner, who had previously been 
elected to the deacon's office, were Installed, our elder. Bro. Levi 
Ilnrshberger. conducting the service. Bro. Hnrshberger hav- 
ing resigned as elder, Bro. Clyde M. Horst, pnstor of Walnut 
Grove congregation, was elected for one year. It was im- 
possible to hold our love feast this fall, because of the epidemic 
of Influenza, so we decided to hold It Easter Sunday. We also 
decided to have Sister Marguerite Bixler Garrett conduct the 
singing during our revival. In which Bro. C. T). Bonsack will 
assist us, beginning Feb. 10. The election of officers for church 
nnd Sunday-school was held and Bro. Irvln Hoover was elected 
Sunday-school superintendent. — Mrs. J. C- Flora Johnstown Pn 
Dec. 31. 

Notice to the Elders and Pastors of Western Pennsylvania.— 
Bro. J. B. Deeter, Annual Meeting Treasurer, calls for three cents 
per member this year. Instead of one and one-half cents aa for- 

merly. This money Is tfow due. Please get it to me before the 
last of March, so as to have It appear In the Business Booklet 
of the District Meeting. Sending it with the delegates to the 
meeting is not sntlsfnctory. — Jerome E. Blough, Treasurer, 1309 
Franklin Street, Johnstown, Pn., Dec. 31. 

Pot tif town.— Dee. 22 we met for the purpose of electing of- 
ficers for the j church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers* 
Society. The present pastor, Bro. G. K. Walker, was reelected' 
pnstor and elder for one year. Bro. Chas. Crosby was re- 
elected Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Wm. Wadsworth, 
Jr., president of Christian Workers' Society. Two of our or- 
ganized classes recently held n joint meeting. Officers and 
teachers were elected , and the necessary committees for or- 
ganized work were appointed. Both classes are beginning the 
new year with renewed Interest rind with prospects for an en- 
larged enrollment. The Women's Bible Class has organized an 
Aid Society nnd will begin sewing soon after the new year. 
Our Sunday- school has shown a steady growth. The recent 
epidemic interfered greatly with the work, but at present the 
school Is nbout normal. Recently the members of the church 
came to the- home of the pastor to spend the evening, The 
Young People's League rendered an Interesting literary pro- 
gram, at the close of which one of the members, In a very unique 
mnniier, presented the pnstor with a smnll Christmas package, 
containing $50. ns a token from the church. — Mrs. G. K. Walketv 
Pottstown, Pn., Dec. 29. 

Tyrone. — "ftyere was a very unique Christmas service enjoyed 
in the Tyrone church Dec. 22, the chief feature being an »n- 
trimmed tree. Christmas hymns were sung by the audience and 
the children sang, "Away in a Manger." The pastor delivered 
tho Christmas message and made an appeal for the starving 
Armenians. At 'the suggestion of the children to trim the tree 
'with money it wns trimmed with bills. This wns entered into 
very enthusiastically and notwithstanding the Btormy night and 
small audience, nn offering of Snl.Oo wns lifted. Dec. 27 the 
church met in council, effected the reorganization of the Sunday- 
school and elected some officers for the church. A different 
method Is being worked out for the Christian Workers. — Mra. 
W. M. Ufri.rh. Tyrone, Pn., Dec. 31. 


Pleasant Valley. — Dec. 10 Bro., W. R. Argabright, of Fnirview, 
Mo., began a series of meetings. Each service was well at- 
tended. There were no additions to the church, but It was 
greatly strengthened. Bro. Argabright will go from here ' to 
Smiths Chapel, W. Vn„ where he will conduct a series of meet- 
ings. As a result of a recent visit of Mr. and Mrs. W. H. 
Swndley to our church, a strong teacher-training class was or- 
ganized. — Penrle Sellers, Jonesboro, Tenn., Dec. 27. 


hit. Zlon.— After being deprived of church privileges for sev- 
eral weeks, we feci that we can more fully appreciate the great 
blessing that comes from assembling together. The epidemic 
hns raged In our community for several months, but so far we 
have not lost any members, for which we are very thankful. 
Nov. 16 we met In council, with Eld. D. N. Spitler presiding. 
The report of the visiting brethren was very satisfactory. Our 
love feast wns held Nov. 23. We very much appreciated hav- 
ing Bro. J. M. Kagey, of Dayton, Va., with us. He officiated 
nt the meeting. He nlso preached an nble sermon on Sunday 
morning following. Bro. D. M. Glick wns nlso with ns, hav- 
ing been In the community for some time, giving Mb stereoptlcoo 
views of tiie Holy Land and holding several singing clasBes, for 
which we are very grateful. At this writing our church nnd 
Sunday-school services are being closed again, much to our 
regret. — H. F. Sours, Lurny, Va., Deer"23. 

Topeco. — After being closed two months on account of the 
influenzu epidemic, our Sunday-school reopened Dec. 1, Our 
Thanksgiving service wns held the Sunday following. An of- 
fering of $24 wns taken. We also met today. An ^offering of 
S10.15 wnB taken for the needy. Meetings hnve been discon- 
tinued again for the present.— J. W. Weddle, Floyd. Va., Dec. 


Centralla church met in council and elected officers for the 
new yenr, with Bro. E. L. Whisler, elder; Bro. J. L. Whlsler, 
superintendent of Sunday-school; Bro. Ernest Gregory, Chris- 
tian Workers' president. One has been received by baptism 
since our last report. We had expected to have Bro. Streeter. 
of Chewelah, with us for a two weeks' series of meetings to 
begin Jan. fl. but on account of so much influenza, these meet- 
ings, ns well ns those nt the County Farm,' hnve been post- 
poned. The new church near Mossy Rock is almost com- 
pleted nnd will be dedicated Jan. 12. Bro. D. B. Eby, of Olym- 
pin, will preach the dedicatory sermon. Sickness has hindered 
nnd delayed the work, but there hnve been willing workers. 
The people of Richland Valley 1 are well pleased and are grateful 
for the help given. We hope to give them a two weeks' series 
of meetings after dedication and to close with a love feast. — Idn 
McNnmee, Centrnlin, Wash., Dec. 31. 

Outlook church met in council Dec. 28, with Bro. .A. H. Partch 
in charge. Bro. C. A, Wagner was chosen elder for the ensuing 
year, and Sister C. A. Wagner, " Messenger " agent nud cor- 
respondent. Other church officers were chosen for the same 
length of time, and Sunday-school and Christian Workers' of- 
ficers for six months. Dec. 29 our Sundny-school offering 
amounted to $20, to be used for Armenian and Syrian Relief 
work. Following Sunday-school, Bro. Wagner preached for ua.-f 
Mrs. Arthur A. Myers, Outlook, Wash., Dec. 29. 


Cllfty.— Dec. 19 Eld. J. S. Zigler began a series of meetings 
which closed Dee. 27, on account of so much influenza In the 
community. Bro. Zigler held sixteen meetings in all. We met 
each morning for Bible study, using the Book of Hebrews. We 
had preneliing services nt night. The people were greatly in- 
terested In the Bible study, and we believe that good Impressions 
were made. Bro. Zigler visited in quite a number of homes In 
the community and made mnny warm friends* We hnv« had an 
evergreen Sunday-school since April 1, 1913.— Marv Crist, Clifty 
W. Va.. Dec. 30. 

Greenland.— Dec. 7 Bro. B. B. Ludwlck, of Mt. Pleasant, Pa., 
began a series of meetings at the Brick church and continued 
until Dec. 23, preaching in all twenty-one splendid sermons. 
The best of interest wns shown. Two* young people were added 
to the church by baptism. The members nt this place have 
been much encouraged and strengthened. Wo did not have 
services on Thanksgiving Day on account of bad weather, but 
Bro. Ludwlck preached our Thanksgiving sermon Dec. 21. An 
offering of $18.18 was taken for missions. We also gave an 
offering of $6.37 for Armenian nnd Syrian Relief.— Myrtle Idle- 
man. Maysvllle, W. Va„ Jan. 1, 

Pierce.— We enme to this place, which is n mission point in 
the Maple Spring congregation, In June. In July we tried to 
organize n Sunday-school which, we think, hns been very in- 
teresting, but the nttendnnce Is small. On account of inclement 
weather nnd smnll attendance we have closed for the present. 
Bro. Emrn Flke, of Eglon, W. Va.. comes every second Sunday 
and preaches. If he can not come, he usually sends some one. 
'We would be glad for nny minister, layman, or Sunday-school 
worker, to visit us. We were much encouraged when three of 
the Volunteer Mission Band from Blue Ridge College, Bro. 
Garner, Prof. Mellott nnd Sister Berthn Pike, gave us a very 
Interesting program Dec. 24. They discussed three subjects- 
"Gifts." "Which Way?" and " Habits." We hope they can 
arrange to visit us again.— Homer C. Kleht, Pierce W Va 
Dec. 31. . 

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The Gospel Messenger 

STRETCHING FOKWARD."~Pliilpi). 3:13 

'Till we. all nthiin unto . . . the stature 
of the fulness of Christ."— Eph. 4:14. 

Vol. 68 

Elgin, III, January 18, 1919 

No. 3 

In This Number 


Something That Lasts nnd Costs, ...'. 33 

Making the Preacher Free 33 

Ethics (P. W. K.) 33 

The Question of Salvation and Works (J. H. M.) 33 

For a League of Nations, 34 

The Minister as Shepherd (A. C. W.) 3-1 

The Quiet Hour .....30 

Among the Churches, 40 

Around the World, . 41 

Contributors' Forum, — 

Death (Poem) ? By Myra Welch 35 

The National Security of Trust in Jehovah. By James 

M. Moore, 35 

Secret Societies and the Lodge. By I. J. Rosenberger,.. 35 

Under Southern Skies. By J. H. B. Willinms, 35 

Saved,— When? By Felicia Nightingale. . 3(1 

Shall We Have Universal Compulsory Military Training? 37 

The Ronnd Table*— 

The Brevity of Human Life. By S. Z. Sharp, 38 

Christian Stewardship. By D. C. Moomaw 38 

Sincerity. By L. H. Prowant 38 

"Love the Brotherhood." By Noah Longanecker, 38 

The First Emancipation Proclamation. By Daisy M. 

Moore 38 

Home and Family, — 

The Old Home (Poem). By Julia Graydon 42 

A Revival of Family Worship. By S. S. Biough 42 

The Best Things We Can Give. By Ida M. Helm 42 

. . . EDITORIAL, . . . 

Something That Lasts and Costs 

Addressing a body of earnest young people, the 
speaker suggested two questions, among others, which 
they ought to ask about their contemplated life-work. 
The questions were: "Will it last?" and "Does it 
cost?" A negative answer to either question would 
be sufficient ground, it was held, for rejecting the 
pfoposal under consideration. How could one af- 
ford to put his life into something which would not 
last? And how could he expect his accomplishments 
to be worth anything if they did not cost? 

These are first-class questions for people, young or 
old, to ask about their work, especially if they would 
lay any claim to being Christians. It is hard to un- 
derstand how anyone of normal mentality can be satis- 
fied to give his chief thought and strength to objects 
which, even if attained, endure for a short time only, 
when he might just as weft devote himself to something 
that can never perish. And for a Christian, — well, 
the thing is inconceivable. 

Any reader who wishes to test himself on this mat- 
ter will find a convenient method in the Forward Move- 
ment which the Church Boards are launching with the 
opening of the new year. It will enable him to find 
out whether\the thing his heart is set on is something 
that will last. By comparing what it costs him, with 
the cost of participation in the Movement, he can also 
judge where the greatest value lies. Things worth 
having cost something. 

Some people may not understand how the Kingdom 
of God can be "without money and without price," 
and yet be the costliest proposition in the world. They 
would, if they would take the advice of Jesus, and 
seek it first. «~™™^_^^^^_ 

Making the Preacher Free 

Here is the story of a preacher and his two sons 
that might well have more than one good moral. The 
preacher is a successful evangelist and loves his work. 
His whole heart is in the cause but, like many other 
preachers, he is short on worldly goods. The two 
sons are successful business men and, unlike many 
other business men, they are also interested in saving 
souls and building up the Kingdom of God. 

So these boys came to their father one day with a 
proposition like this: " We want to go in with you as 
silent partners. We will attend to the entire financial 

part of the work. Go where you please, stay as long 
as you think you are needed, never stop to think 
whether the people can pay you or not. We don't 
care whether you preach in a rich city church, in the 
slums, or in the .remotest country church. We will 
pay all your expenses and a good salary besides." 

The proposition was gladly accepted and for a num- 
ber of years this evangelist has been holding meetings 
on this basis, going where he is most needed and lead- 
ing hundreds of lives out of darkness into light. 

Isn't that fine? What sincere ambassador of Christ 
would not rejoice to be thus freed from all concern 
about a living for himself and his family, while he 
pours out his energies unreservedly in the Master's 
work? But some preachers do not have rich sons, and 
some of those who do, have not succeeded in impress- 
ing them with the desirability of such an arrangement 
as we have described. 

Make as many applications as you like, so they do not 
all miss yourself, but please give a special thought or 
two to these facts: (1) Many ministers, — perhaps 
most, — are compelled to consider the financial side 
of the question in choosing their field of labor. (2) 
That a pastor or evangelist should feel obliged to make 
his choice of a field depend on its financial strength 
rather than its spiritual need and his fitness to minister 
thereto, is a very grievous evil. 

Having considered these facts, consider also this 
question: What should be done about it? Shall we 
be satisfied with pouring out our wrath on the preacher 
who accepts the call with the most money behind it? 
He decides wrongly sometimes, no doubt. His tempta- 
tion is such as is common to mortals. Other people 
than preachers have been known to choose locations, 
and even vocations, solely because of their money- 
making possibilities, — a tiling no Christian has a right 
to do. 

The root of the trouble is in the system which makes 
-the preacher's support entirely dependent upon the 
local community to which he ministers. The remedy 
must be sought in a wider distribution of burdens 
and resources, a plan that will free the preacher from 
the dominance of the pocket books of his own parish- 

ioners and enable him to work where his labor will 
count for the most. Are there no wise ones among 
us who can show us the way out? Or are we all still 
too carnal, too selfish, too unbrotherly, to hope for 
anything better? 


Ethics is the science of conduct. Descriptive eth- 
ics studies the actual conduct, customs, morals of the 
race, both past and present. Theoretical ethics in- 
vestigates the problem of what conduct ought to be, 
the highest good, the summum bonum. Notice, the 
problem is not to discover the " good," but the su- 
preme or highest good. " The good is always the 
enemy of the best." But for the sake of brevity, 
philosophers use the term " The Good " for the ideal 
or highest good. 

What, then, is the supreme good? Kant found it in 
" good will," for he said: " There is nothing in heaven 
or earth that is good without qualification, except the 
good will. All authorities readily agree that good 
character must have good will. But good will is not 
enough. Goodness must have two qualities, (1) good 
will, and (2) good act. But how can we determine 
what is the good act? Christians have an answer 
ready. Jesus said: "I am the way of life; follow 
me." The problem is solved for him who accepts 
Jesus as the Truth and the Good, and therefore the 
Way of Life. 

But the philosopher wants to know reasons why a 
certain act is good, and he can find no human ex- 
perience more satisfying than happiness. Happiness, 
then, is the test of goodness. Those acts are good 
which bring the most happiness to the most people, for 
the longest time, with the least mixture of pain. The 
universe is so made that goodness results in hap- 
piness. " If ye know these things, happy are ye if 
ye do them." It is significant that the various words 
for happiness are used over a thousand times in the 
Bible. The Gospel of Jesus is good news, — that 
brings happiness. 

Goodness must have the good will and the good act, 
and these result in blessedness. d. w. k. 

The Question of Salvation and Works 

' Not long since we read a statement to the effect 
that the most dangerous teaching in all this country 
is the doctrine of salvation by works. The writer then 
went on to show how the sinner is saved by faith and 
not by works, that works cut no figure whatever in the 
scheme of human redemption. The writer did not 
say what he meant by the term " works,"— or " good 
works," as he now and then put it,— but one could 
readily discern, by reading between the lines, that he 
was driving at the obedience of the Gospel, or per- 
forming the external duties set forth in the New 
Testament teachings. 

' And, by the way, most of those who preach and write 
against what they designate as "salvation by good 
works," are careful not to define the term "good 
works." They quote freely what Paul says about a 
man being justified by the faith of Jesus Christ and 
not by the works of the law (Gal. 2: 16), but never at- 
tempt to define what the apostle meant by the " works 
of the law," or " the faith of Jesus Christ." It is 
simply justification by faith and not by works, leav- 
ing the impression that by works are meant the external 
duties such as baptism, the church ordinances, and 
even good deeds. It is an attempt to establish the 

Wesleyan doctrine of justification, or salvation by 
faith alone. John Wesley states it thus : " That a man 
is justified by faith alone is a very wholesome doctrine 
and very full of comfort." It is true that a man is 
justified by faith, but it is not the faith that stands 
alone. The faith that saves never stands alone. It is 
invariably associated with obedience. A man may 
have faith without obedience, or faith without works, 
as James puts it. Referring to this type of faith. 
James then adds : " Can faith save him " (Jas. 2: 14) ? 

When writing of justification by the " works of the 
law," Paul had no reference whatever to the duties 
set forth in the New Testament Scriptures. There 
were, in the days of the apostles, those who endeavored 
to blend the requirements of the Mosaic law with the 
requirements of the Gospel, and in a measure make the 
two institutions one. They would, therefore, have 
all Gentile male converts circumcised, and otherwise 
keep the law of Moses. To this they would attach all 
that was taught by the Master respecting the condition 
of pardon. 

In arguing the question, Paul took the position that 
those who accepted Christ were no more under the 
Mosaic law, but were children of God by faith in 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1919 












11 , 




I li 



Christ Jesus. Those accepting Christ in faith, accepted 
all the "duties and responsibilities for which that faith 
called It meant a complete separation from the 
Mosaic law, with all its rites, ceremonies, and sac- 
rifices To every Jewish convert it meant the end ol 
the Mosaic law, along with all its works. The doc- 
trine which Paul taught was fully confirmed when 
the apostolic conference convened in Jerusalem, for 
there it was clearly set forth, as recorded in Acts 15, 
that obedience to the law of circumcision, and other 
Mosaic requirements, should not be demanded of 
Gentile converts. This decision placed the church in 
the right light before the world, with the Gospel as her 
rule of faith and practice, and the law of Moses serv- 
ing as our schoolmaster to bring us to Christ, that we 
might be justified by faith (Gal. 3: 24),-that is, liv- 
ing faith in Christ Jesus. 
When we listen to a minister endeavoring to con- 
' vince his genteel congregation that a man is justified 
by faith and not by works, and appeals to what Paul 
has written, respecting the works of the law for proof, 

he impresses us as one 

who is beating against the air, 

for there is not one chance in a thousand that he may 
have in his audience even one person who believes that 
the works of the Mosaic law cut any figure in justifi- 
cation. If by "works," or even "good works," he 
means the duties set forth in the teaching of Christ 
and the apostles, let him come out squarely and say 
so Then we will know where to place him. The man 
.who teaches that obedience to the Gospel cuts no 
figure in salvation, comes as near flatly contradicting 
Christ and the apostles as it is possible for a human 
being to do. When Jesus says, " Not every one that 
saith unto me. Lord, Lord, shall enter into the king- 
dom of heaven ; but he that doeth the will of my Father 
which is in heaven " (Matt. 7 : 21), and some preacher 
stands before his audience, saying that " we are saved 
by faith only, and that other duties play no part in 
the plan of salvation," what is that but a contradiction? 
Another ringing proof on this point : In Matt. 25 : 
31-46 we read about a lot of disappointed people who 
were denied an entrance into the kingdom everlasting, 
just because they refused to help and encourage the 
needy and unfortunate, and yet there are those who are ' 
Baying that good works, or doing good, have nothing 
whatever to do with the salvation of either men or 
women, Jew or Gentile. 

If there is anything that is made plain in the teaching 
of the Master and his apostles, it is the doctrine of 
faith and obedience, and never one without the other. 
To be " doers of the word, and not hearers only " is 
a characteristic teaching of the whole Sacred Record. 
It comes marvelously near being the last thing that 
the Spirit ever transmitted to the human race : " Bless- 
ed are they that do his commandments, that they may 
have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through 
tire gates into the city " (Rev. 22 : 14). Paul, writing 
of Jesus, would have us take this view of it: " Being 
made perfect, he became the author of eternal salva- 
tion unto all them that obey him" (Heb. 5:9). Jesus 
is the Author of eternal salvation, not for those who 
stop at faith, but for those who obey him in faith, 
doing whatsoever he has commanded us. 

The Brethren built better than they, at first, thought, 
when they made the doctrine of faith and gospel 
obedience their own. They were among the very first 
to plant the doctrine on the new continent. They still 
cling to the same line of teaching. Only now and then 
will one so far lose sight of this fundamental point as to 
endorse the "faith-alone" doctrine, — a doctrine that dis- 
parages what the Master says about loving him and 
keeping his sayings. Now is the opportune time for us 
to make a speciality of the doctrine of salvation by the 
faith that calls for the doing of the things that Jesus 
commanded. We need to teach people the impor- 
tance of doing, of obeying from the heart the form of 
doctrine delivered us. The importance of hearing and 
doing, and not hearing only, can not be too strongly 
emphasized. We need, more than ordinarily, to im- 
press the fact that faith without works, or faith with- 
out obedience, is dead, not only in religious matters, 
but in everything else.' 

The " faith alone " doctrine tends to underrate the 

true value of repentance, baptism, the church ordi- 
nances, the works of crjarity and everything that con- 
tains in it the element of doing. It is doing that we 
need to teach more in the family, in the school, in 
the church and in the nation. Love and faith, standing 
alone, and advocated alone, is a menace to the church, 
as well as to the family and state. It is only when as- 
sociated with obedience and the good works, that God 
has ordained for his people (to walk therein), that the 
full benefit of faith can be realized and appropriated. 
Instead of emphasizing " doing less," we need to 
emphasize " doing still more," and then see to it that 
the spirit, which should enter into obedience, is equal- 
ly impressed on the minds of believers. Faith alone is 
dead, and work alone is hypocrisy. Together they 
mean life and loyalty, whether we apply the principle 
to church or state. In faith, the Master did the will 
of his Father, and in the same faith all the true chil- 
dren of God will both love and keep the sayings of 
his Son. True, by grace are we saved through faith, 
but this is said of those who obey the Gospel, and 
not of those who single out the one item of faith, and 
hinge their salvation wholly on that. Or, as Jesus puts 
it : " Whosoever heareth these sayings of mine and 
doeth them" (Matt. 7: 24). J. H. M. 

For a League of Nations 

[The following " Declaration," adopted by tile Executive Com- 
mittee of the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in 
America, is commended to the earnest consideration of oil lovers 
of peace. — Ed.] 

The war crisis of the world has passed, but a world 
crisis is upon us. 

" Shall there be a common standard of right and 
privilege for all peoples and nations," President Wilson 
inquires, " or shall the strong do as they will and the 
weak suffer without redress ? " 

" Are we to lapse back," asks Lloyd George, " into 
the old national rivalries, animosities and competitive 
armaments, or are we to initiate the reign on earth of 
the Prince of Peace ? " 

The time has come to organize the world for truth 
and right, justice and humanity. ■ To this end, as 
Christians, we urge the establishment of a League of 
Free Nations at the coming Peace Conference. Such 
a League is not a mere political expedient ; it is rather 
the political expression of the Kingdom of God on 

The church of the Living God rightfully calls for 
the creation of agencies adequate to enforce law, to 
keep order throughout the world, and to preserve the 
rights of the weak and helpless. Selfish and lawless 
nations must be restrained. Security and fair economic 
opportunity must be guaranteed to each by the united 
power of all. " The impartial justice meted out must 
involve no discrimination between those to whom we 
wish to be just and those to whom we do not wish 
to be just." These are matters fundamental to the 
rule of the Prince of Peace. 

The world is now so small, the life of nations so 
intertwined, the mastery of nature's titanic forces so 
complete, and the power of selfish, economic or na- 
tionalistic groups to enslave whole peoples and to 
bring tragedy to the entire world so dangerous, that 
the reestablishment of the old-world order of irre- 
sponsible states has become intolerable. 

We must have a governed world in which the se- 
curity and rights of each shall rest upon the combined 
strength of all. Humanity must be organized, on a 
basis of justice and fair dealing. The law of brother- 
hood must supersede the law of the jungle. 

A League to attain these results must be demo- 
cratic in spirit and in form. It must be capable of 
continuous adjustment to the advancing life of sepa- 
rate nations and also of the world. It must be directed 
by the enlightened conscience of mankind. The he- 
roic dead will have died in vain, unless out of victory 
shall come a new earth wherein dwelleth righteousness. 
The church has much to give and much to gain. 
It can give a powerful sanction by imparting to the 
new international order something of the prophetic 
glory of the Kingdom of God. What is the Kingdom 
of God, if it be not the triumph of God's will in the 
affairs of men, " righteousness and peace and joy in 

the Holy Spirit "? And what is this vision of a world- 
federation of humanity, organized on a basis of justice 
and fair-dealing, for the effective and impartial main- 
tenance of peace, if it be not of the Kingdom of God? 

The church can give a spirit of good-will, without 
which no League of Nations can endure. Nations 
have been held together by the vivid perils and gigan- 
tic tasks of war. New bonds must be forged that will 
still hold them together. This is the special function 
of the church. 

The church can give the driving power of faith, 
without which no great ideal can be realized. To 
doubt is to fail; to believe is to conquer. 

The church has much to gain. Its message will en- 
counter less opposition from selfish nationalism. Its 
missionary enterprise will prosper as never before, 
freed from the blight of unchristian conduct of the 
nations of Christendom. 

The church will, moreover, recover its international 
character and consciousness. National churches will 
find themselves linked in a world brotherhood. A 
new era of fellowship and cooperation will dawn. 

The League of Nations is rooted in the Gospel. 
Like the Gospel, its objective is " peace on earth, good- 
will toward men." Like the Gospel, its appeal is uni- 

, Let us implore our Heavenly Father, God Almighty, - 
that the Peace Delegates of the Nations may be guided 
by the Divine Spirit and enlightened by the Divine 
Wisdom to the end that they may embody, in the new 
fabric of the world's life, his righteous, loving and 
holy Will. ' . 

We call upon all Christians and upon all believers 
in God and lovers of man, to work and pray with 
whole souls, that out of the ashes of the old civiliza- 
tion may rise the fair outlines of a new world, based 
on the Christ ideal of justice, cooperation, brotherhood 
and service. ^^^^_^^^^_ 

The Minister as Shepherd 

This is the title of a small volume, written by Charles 
Jefferson. It has recently been offered to our ministers 
through the Gish Fund. The members of the Gish Fund 
Committee are to be most sincerely congratulated for 
giving us this book, for no better' book have they ever 
put on the list. 

Every minister of the church should read it. If it should 
so happen that every one of our ministers should study 
and inwardly digest this small volume, it would mean 
a revolution in the progress of the church. I wish, per- 
sonally, to extend my thanks for the book, in the most 
heartfelt way. It is a long time since I have read a book 
that has taken so deep a hold on my heart. 

For another thing, this volume is very small. The 
pages are small; the print is large; there are 229 pages, 
all told. Some of our ministers, I feel sure, will get so 
interested in it that they will read it in an evening or 
two. Personally, I have read it mostly while going back 
and forth on the street car to my work, day by day. But 
after awhile, I became so intensely interested that I could 
wait no longer, but simply finished it up one evening 
before retiring, in spite of having a lot of other things 
that were clamoring for attention. 

Again and again, I rather anticipated that the author 
was steering for dangerous waters, and might go where 
I could not follow him, and endorse his teaching. But 
each time I found that the pilot knew the course he was 

What Dr. Jefferson here says has the more weight, be- 
cause of his owil phenomenally successful pastorate, in 
one of the large and difficult churches of New York City. 
Mr. Jefferson is also the author of some other books 
which are of exceptional value. His volume on "The 
Character of Jesus '■' is one of the very best on that subject 
that have ever been written. Early in the present war, 
he wrote a volume, entitled, "What the War Is Teach- 
injg," which comes nearer speaking the real sentiment of 
our own people than any pronouncement I have read on 
the subject. 

In fact, Mr. Jefferson is fast forging his way to the very 
front ranks of the best religious writers of the English 
language. He is spiritual; he is progressive; he is con- 
servative; he is literary; his words beat with heart-throbs; 
his counsel is born out of experience; his theories have 
been put to the test; he speaks from what has borne fruit 
in actual success. Again, let me hope that every aspiring 
minister among our people will read this book, will re- 
read it, will study it, will digest it, and will be more faith- 
ful as shepherd of the flock because of the reading. 

A. C. W. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1919 





(Written on the Death of Esther Martin (Nee Miller). La Junta, 

Colo., Nov. 13, 1918) 

Just a length'ning of the shadows, 
Just a short'ning of the breath. 
Just arraying of the features,— 
Is this dying? Is this death? 
Just a rest for weary footsteps. 

Just a folding of tired hands. 
Just a glimpse, across the river 
Where the Holy City stands. 
Just a dosing of the eyelids 

Just a hush, — why mourn and weep? 
Sovit is the Heavenly Father 

Giveth his beloved sleep. 
Death? Ah, yes, we call it dying, 
When six feet of earth is thrust 
O'er the temple .of our loved ones, 

And the dust returns to dust; 
Bpt when all the mists have vanished, 
And we meet on yon bright shore. 
We shall know 'twas but the entrance 
Unto life forevermqre! 
La Verne, Cal. .-*-. 

The National Security of Trust in Jehovah 

2 Kings 18: 13-19: 37 
When Hezekiah became King of Judah, he found 
a sad state of affairs, religiously. His father, Ahaz, 
while on the throne, had revived, to a very large extent, 
the idolatry and evil that had ever been a menace to 
peace and prosperity. Sacrifices were offered and 
incense was burned in the high places,— on every high 
hill and under every green tree. 

There had been trouble with Syria, which resulted 
unfavorably to Judah. Desirous of revenge, Ahaz had 
made a league with the powerful nation of Assyria, far 
to the east, against Syria. This resulted in reducing 
Syria to a position of- a tributary to the eastern nation. 
As a result of these- circumstances, Ahaz had gone 
to Damascus for a conference with Tiglath-pileser of 
Assyria. While there, he was attracted by a heathen 
altar he saw. Upon his return he had a similar one 
made for Jerusalem, and caused it largely to take , 
the place of the brazen altar erected according to the 
instructions of Jehovah. Thus the good results of 
earlier refbrms were largely destroyed, and the task 
that confronted the new king was a most difficult one. 
Reforms in Judah 
Hezekiah had convictions, and to such the tenacious 
resistance of evil is but a provocation to stronger ef- 
forts. The high places were, removed, pillars broken 
down and everything pertaining to idol worship felt 
the force of the righteous king's determination. 

He even found that the brazen serpent, made by 
Moses hundreds of years before, had become an object 
of worship by the people. Valuable as this relic was, 
as a reminder of God's healing power upon those bit- 
ten by the serpents in the wilderness, it became a 
curse when considered an object of worship. The only^ 
remedy was to dispose of it, and it was, accordingly, 
broken to pieces. 

In general, Hezekiah strongly placed his trust in 
Jehovah. The yoke of Assyria, which his father had 
voluntarily taken, he threw off. A threatened invasion 
caused his confidence to waver somewhat, but only 
for a time. He settled down with his faith strong in 
the power of God to protect, and would acknowledge 
allegiance to no earthly authority. 

Assyria's Defiant Message 
The Assyrian king was unwilling to lose any of 
his authority, and sent three of his best generals with 
a great army, to bring Judah into subjection. The 
spokesman was Rabshakeh, and the first part of his 
message was directed to Hezekiah. It opened with 
an attempt to over-awe him with the immense power 
of the army before Jerusalem. That move was fol- 
lowed by the false claim that Jehovah had ordered this 
assault on the part of Assyria. 

The next part of the message seems to have been 
meant for the soldiers guarding Jerusalem and the 
people in general. It contained a promise of peace and 
prosperity, on condition that they would turn away 
from Hezekiah's plea to trust in Jehovah, and sub- 
mit to the king of Assyria. There was also a recount 
of the heathen gods conquered, and an effort to be- 
little the protecting power of the God of the Jews. 

Upon hearing the message, Hezekiah was much dis- 
tressed. He went for refuge to the house of Jehovah, 
and sent for the prophet Isaiah. His only hope was 
that there would come a cjivinc rebuke against the 
words of Rabshakeh, which, in reality, were uttered 
in defiance of the Living God. To this end they 
prayed. An assuring answer came through Isaiah, 
that there was no need for fear, for the Assyrian army 
would be withdrawn. 

The Assyrians were called away from Jerusalem by 
other pressing conditions, and .that eased the situation 
for a time. There came, however, a letter that brought 
new concern. It contained a great boast of the de- 
struction that had come upon l?ll the nations around, 
and a renewed threat that the same result would soon 
come upon Jerusalem. 

The Letter Spread Before Jehovah 
The letter was received and read, — its defiant mes- 
sage being enough to disturb the peace of mind of any 
king. It was rather a singular method of handling 
such matters that Hezekiah adopted when he spread 
the letter before Jehovah. 

The prayer offered was simple, yet sublime. There 
was a recognition, of the absolute sovereignty of Je- 
hovah over earth and heaven, in that he had created 
them. Then followed an earnest plea tliat notice be 
take of the words that were sent to defy the living 
God. Hezekiah recognized that the Assyrians had 
triumphed over the gods of the nations around, but 
that was easily explained in that they were merely the 
work of men's hands. The final plea was that God 
would save his people from the hand of the enemy, 
to the end that all the kingdoms of the earth might 
know that Jehovah is God alone. 

The prayer brought its answer, first in the form of 
an assurance through the prophet Isaiah, that Judah 
would be given absolute protection. The King of 
Assyria was not to shoot an arrow or cast up a mound 
against Jerusalem, but by the way he came, should 
he return. 

Victory without Human Violence 
True to Jehovah's promise, the victory came. In 
the dead of night a hundred and eighty-five thousand 
were slain— the backbone of the Assyrian-army. The 
king himself returned (o his own land, and there met 
a violent death at the hands of some of his own people. 
A more sweeping victory has never been realized, 
and yet there was not a blow struck by God's people. 
They had done no wrong to Assyria, to deserve the 
disgrace and oppression that was planned for them. 
They stood for the right, and trusted the fighting of 
their battles to him who is always prepared and abun- 
dantly able to deliver. 

The saddest day in any nation's history is when the 
leaders and the people begin to forget God. Many a 
downfall has thus started. It is unfortunate that 
people and nations will suffer the agony and distress 
of oppression and tyranny when the way is ever open 
for that security in Jehovah that forbids interference 
from outside enemies. 

Lanark. III. , L 

Secret orders administer oaths, — extrajudicial oaths, 
— which impose unwarranted penalties, hence they are 
lawless in this. These orders keep some orphans and 
support some widows, but this is all by previous con- 
tract, for which they have already been paid, hence it 
is not at all charity, but a business transaction. It is 
worth remembering that to do good, there is no need 
of joining an oath-bound, secret society, and to hold 
secret meetings behind closed doors with some secret 
password. These gatherings are commonly held in 
rooms after night, with window-curtains closely drawn. 
Listen to the following texts that forbid such fellow- 
ship : 

" Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel 
of the ungodly nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor 
sittcth in the seat of the scornful " (Psa. 1:1).. 

" Re ye not unequally yoked together with unbeliev- 
ers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with un- 
righteousness? and what communion hath light with 
darkness? And what concord hath Christ with Belial? 
or what part hath he that believcth with an infidel? 
Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye 
separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean 
thing; and I will receive you " (2 Cor. 6: 14, 15, 17). 
" Jesus answered htm, I spake openly to the world : 
I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, 
whither the Jews always resort; and in secret have 
I said nothing" (John 18: 20). 

" Be not ye therefore partakers with them. And 
have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of dark- 
ness, but rather reprove them. For it is a shame even 
to speak of those things which are done of them in 
secret" (Eph. 5: 7, 11, 12). 

" And they were more than forty which had made 
this conspiracy. And they came to the chief priests 
and elders, and said, We have bound ourselves un- 
der a great curse, that we will eat nothing until we 
have slain Paul" (Acts 23: 13, 14). 

" 1 f a soul swear, pronouncing with his lips to do evil, 
or to do good, whatsoever it be that a man shall pro- 
nounce with an oath, and it be hid from him; when he 
knoweth of it, then shall he be guilty in one of these. 
And il shall be, when he shall be guilty in one of these 
things, that he shall confess that he hath sinned in 
that thing" (Lev. 5: 4, 5). 
Crccnvillc, Ohio. 

Secret Societies and the Lodge 


My theme above named is no new one, but the ob- 
jectionable features thereof must grow in the judg- 
ment, of conscientious, considerate minds. I do not 
know of an organization of intelligent,, brainy men, 
whose creed, principles and doctrines evolve so many 
dark and horrid inconsistencies as do secret societies. 
They profess to be religious, yet reject the name of 
Christ, as in their manual lying before me. Christ 
warned : " He that honoreth not the Son, honoreth not 
the bather. . . . Whosoever denieth the Son hath 
not the Father." Hence, a religion that has no God 
nor Christ in it, is a heathen religion. 

Under Southern Skies 

The Trip 

Secretory-Treasurer of tile General Mission Board 

In compliance with instructions of the General Mis- 
sion Board, it was the writer's privilege, recently, to 
visit portions of the Southland. This was done for 
the purpose of investigating conditions in the church- 
es, and opportunities for further advancing the Mas- 
ter's cause. 

A few days of October were pleasantly spent with 
the brethren of Southern Missouri and Northwestern 
Arkansas, in their District Meeting at Springdale, Ark. 
Though the attendance was not large, the spirit of the 
entire Conference was the most commendable, tem- 
pered with love, sympathy and kindnes^. Springdale 
church is located in the growing city of the same name. 
Apple-growing is one of the principal industries, and 
it was a rather unusual sight to see the red fruit being 
hauled to town by the wagon load and scooped into 
the cars that were waiting to distribute it over less 
favored regions. 

Southern Missouri has suffered much in loss of 
membership through emigration. Her membership is 
not as large as some years ago, but the spirit and am- 
bitions of the members, as expressed in their District 
Conferences, will, if put into practice, bear abundant 

We had planned to visit several of the churches in 
this territory', but the prevalence of influenza pre- 
vented this. 

We much appreciated the hospitality of the splendid 
brethren of this District, at the Conference of which 
so many were gathered, and regretted that we could 
not tarry longer. Bro. C. H. Brown is the elder in 
charge of this church, faithfully assisted in the mln- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1919 


tea , 







a i 




t» \ 

isterial labors by Brethren Wyatt and Harader. Though 
Bro. Wyatt's sight is now gone, we are led to believe 
that this has only clarified his spiritual view of the 
heavenly city, the contemplation of which he so much 

In November and the early part of December we 
visited a number of die churches in Texas, Louisiana, 
Alabama and Florida. 

Stopping first at Nocona, Texas, we were met by 
Bro. Sam. Molsbee, President of their District Mis- 
sion Board. In this neighborhood influenza had left 
its -evidences, — some being sick, and others just re- 
covering. We were pleased to meet a number of the 
brethren in Conference, and regretted that some of 
the most active of the church were ill with the epi- 

To this territory Bro. Abe Molsbee migrated with his 
sons many years ago, and hard by the Nocona church 
he and his faithful companion now sleep. Patriarch 
that he was, his sons, with their families, are now 
among the most active of the church. 

The church here is prospering under the leadership 
of Bro. D. G. Brubaker, who is supported as its pas- 
tor. Besides the home church, Bro. Brubaker, with his 
two or three active colaborers, cares for four outside 
appointments. The latter fact we would especially 
impress upon our Northern ministers, a number of 
whom often live in the same congregation, — not in- 
frequently almost rusting out, — and yet, in whose ter- 
ritory there live isolated members that seldom have 
opportunity to enjoy public worship. 

We stopped over Sunday with the Father's children 
at Fort Worth. The little band of members here had 
made arrangements for an all-day's meeting, the day 
closing with a love feast. The Fort Worth church is 
small. The members are scattered over the large city, 
and the field is large. Bro. A. J. Wine is the only 
minister. Sister Cora Leicht, living close by the 
church, and with the cause at heart, is nobly standing 
by the Sunday-school. She opens the church doors, 
rings the bell to summon the school together, teaches a 
class and wins her way into the homes and hearts of 
the neighborhood. This city, of more than 120,000 
souls, is one of the great gateways to the South. It 
is destined to grow rapidly. As our sons and daugh- 
ters go into this large city, this congregation, with its 
churchhouse, imperatively needs a live pastor. A 
short visit with Bro. Brillhart, of Dallas, only thirty 
miles distant, and a call on the boys at Camp Bowie, 
completed our visit. 

The members of the Live Oak congregation live in 
and about Weatherford, Texas, about thirty-five miles 
west of Fort Worth. Here Bro. K. G. Tennison spent 
the best years of his life, sowing the seed of Gospel 
Truth, much of which remains unharvested. No 
minister resides here now, and preaching is seldom 
enjoyed by these members. Through the kindness of 
Bro. E. A. Frantz we were enabled to visit a number 
of the members. We found them steadfast in the 
doctrines of the Brethren, and were much disappointed 
that through the inclemency of the weather we could 
not visit more. We feel sure that the brethren and 
sisters of Weatherford would appreciate a good, live 
minister locatifig among them, where' there are oppor- 
tunities for a livelihood. A good, live, tactful pastor 
at Fort Worth could be of assistance to the Live Oak 
church and perhaps build it into a strong working body. 
From Fort Worth we went down, through splendid 
fields of cotton and well-arranged plantations, to 1 Huf- 
smith, Texas, near which place is located the Pleasant 
Grove church. Here was scheduled the District Con- 
ference for this territory. Pleasant Grove, in reality, 
is a mission church, fathered by Bro. J. A. Miller, who 
has been preaching here for years. 

In true Southern spirit, the few Pleasant Grove 
members entertained the District Meeting royally. We 
shall never forget our evenings in the home of Bro. 
Long, nor the music, the social evening, and the old 
fireplace, — so unusual to us, — that we enjoyed in the 
home of Bro. Bond here. 

The churches were all represented by delegate, — 
a fact that we commend to our Districts whose mem- 
bers are living close together. Note the distances that 
these delegates had to come, — 350 miles from the East, 

350 miles from the North, 270 miles from the West. 
Think what a treat it is to these brethren, living so 
far apart, in small churches, to be together for these 
three days. 

Others, likely, will detail these meetings for the 
Messenger readers, so we shall desist. The spirit of 
the meeting, the immensity of the District, the prob- 
lems that loom large, and the small number of mem- 
bers, often with limited resources, enabled us to un- 
derstand something of the needs and problems 6f this 
District, in a far different light than we had ever been 
able to grasp. The entire territory in which half of 
our Brotherhood live, — Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, 
Indiana and Illinois, — could be placed in this one great 
District and yet enough land would be left over to 
make nine Districts the size of the three Districts of 
Maryland combined. 

Three days were spent in Conference. Most of the 
speakers appointed were present, and the addresses 
by them showed thought and careful preparation. The 
District Conference was aggressive and evidenced a 
strong desire to further the interests of the Kingdom. 
The music for the entire Conference was in chrfrge of 
Bro. J. Wm. Miller, of San Antonio, Texas, a good 
singer and a splendid organizer for song. Bro. Miller 
should be known as a singing-school leader more 
than he is, for surely he can get pcopte to sing. We 
could not help wishing that scores of churches in 
the Brotherhood could have his services. 

With regret we left this little church and the whole- 
souled members gathered here, among the stately pines, 
moss-covered and graceful, and go on down to spend 
the Sabbath with the Manvel church. 

Manvel church is one of the oldest in the State, and 
at sundry times in the years past has been the home 
of many of our brethren, now residing in other places. 
Bro. M. H. Peters is the present elder of this congre- 
gation, ably assisted by Brethren Samuel Badger and 
j. A. Miller. However, Bro. J. A. Miller, who is the 
elder of every church in the District with the ex- 
ception of this one, is busy nearly all the time in his 
large " parish " and has little time to be at home. The 
membership of this church is not so large, but is ac- 
tive. Especially does the church appreciate its young 
people, so earnest and helpful in every way. It gave 
us much pleasure here, in the devout home of Bro. 
Badger, to have a conference with Brethren Peters and 
Moore, — two members of the District Mission Board. 
With their help we were enabled to understand what 
it means to finance a large District with a scattered 

A night's "ride brought us to Taft, Texas, the home 
of the Portland congregation. Bro. D. H. Blocher and 
family are the only members residing here at this time, 
though there are others living scattered, far off from 

Here the soil is black. The cattle in December 
browsed in green oats, half-knee-high. The cotton 
stalks were high and spreading, revealing the place 
whence came the millions of dollars' worth of cotton 
seen about the gins. Many Northern people have 
moved to this place, and the opportunity for our 
church should be splendid for those who would want to 
farm. Cotton is the main industry, and this year's 
crop has paid for the land in many instances. 

A night and half a day, and we were met at Roanoke, 
La., by Eld. J. F. Hoke. Only a day could be spent 
in this country, so, prosperous with its rice, and looking 
so familiar with its nice cattle and good homes. The 
church here is prosperous, the young people are mem- 
bers and interested in spiritual things. Much Gospel 
seed has been sown in this territory, and the church 
surely has splendid opportunity, with its three young 
and active ministers, to impress itself upon the com- 
munity. Here again, as at most places visited, was 
presented to us in a forcible manner, and in a way, that 
we will not soon forget, the fact that our members in 
the South feel lonely, and are of the opinion that the 
church " up North " should look toward the South 
more than it does. There is a good churchhouse in 
Roanoke, and seven miles distant is the town of Jen- 
nings, where we have another house. This house is 
for sale, as the automobiles carry the membership to 

On a Friday morning we landed at the depot at 
Fruitdale, Ala., and were greeted by several brethren. 
Here is the home of the Fruitdale-Citronelle college 
venture, of years gone by. The buildings have been 
sold and appropriated to other good uses. In this 
territory, located about sixty miles north of Mobile, 
are to be found four organized churches, Fruitdale 
being the mother of the others. Five ministers care 
for these four churches, Bro. Madison Wine being 
elder of them all. In addition to caring for these, 
eight other appointments are kept up. A very con- 
siderable impression has been made upon the resident 
peoples here, — many of them finding spiritual peace 
and association in the Church of the Brethren. We 
met a number of these good, hospitable members and 
only regret that we could not remain longer with 
them. We left this place, feeling happy for the priv- 
ilege of worshiping even for a 'time among such warm- 
hearted folks. 

A long, wearisome journey, — waiting for trains, 
missing connections, and disappointing brethren who 
were looking for us, — finally brought us to Sebring, 
Florida, and we were almost immediately in the con- 
genial home of Brother and Sister J. H. Moore. We 
were tired, but with a tempting supper, such, as Sister 
Moore knows how to serve, our tongue loosened and 
\ye enjoyed a most royal evening visit. 

The next day we were introduced to Sebring. Sit- 
uated on the shores of Lake Jackson, this young town 
of six summers is rapidly growing. The population is 
quite largely composed of winter tourists, though likely 
the permanent residents will increase, as industries 
multiply and develop. 

A very commodious church has been built here, and 
our brethren have it conveniently located. When 
we were there, the tourists were coming, and Brethren 
Moore and Garst were^ in their glory, helping pros- 
perous Northerners, on an errand of comfort bent, to 
get located. 

The soil is sand, and in this were planted thousands 
of acres of orange and grape-fruit trees. Most of 
these are young, though here and there an orchard 
gleams out golden, revealing the marked possibilities 
of the country. The church is composed almost ex- 
clusively of the tourist element. It is yet young. Few 
native Southerners were to be seen, and with such-a 
prosperous tourist constituency we saw no missionary 
problem that the brethren can not handle. 

Here our journey was brought to a sudden end. 
News from home, of illness' and influenza seemed 
to demand our return. \ye regretted much that we did 
not get to call, as we fully intended, on the Brethren 
of Arcadia, Tampa, St. Petersburg and Middleburg, 
but it was not to be so. 

We learned, however, that these places are looking 
forward to bigger things in the church. It is hoped 
that Tampa may some day become the location of a 
congregation of the Church of the Brethren, with a 
minister to pastor it. Opportunities in plenty there 
are in Florida, but no one will warn you against the 
" land man " quicker than our brethren who are al- 
ready located. 

We must always pay tribute to the hospitality of the 
South. Maybe it is in the climate, maybe it is in the 
soil, possibly the influence of the watermelon and 
the sugar-cane and the oranges leaves its impress, 
maybe it is because folks can live close to the Father's 
hospitality in his great out-of-doors. Can it be that 
he is more hospitable to these people with his warm 
sunshine and snowy cotton ? We would not attempt 
a solution of the question but thank all for the pleas- 
ures of the trip. 

In another article we shall try to state a few of the 
problems, drop a few lines of good cheer for those 
located, and advice to those thinking of a change, — a 
commodity which is always cheap, especially from 
those who are always giving it. 
Elgin, /"■ T ^, 

Saved,— When? 


The minister called himself a broad-minded man. 
He was. It is easy to be too broad-minded. But in a 
spirit of self-satisfaction, he made this statement from 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1919 


the pulpit: "I do not say that all the members of 
our denomination are going to be saved, and 1 do be- 
lieve that many people in other denominations will be 
saved." Again the same minister said : " You know, 
we simply have to sin a little, but if we repent, we 
can be forgiven." 

" Going to be saved." When ? If they are not 
saved now, when is it that they are going to be saved? 
"Sin a little today; pray a little tomorrow," is his 
doctrine. Is that the teaching of the Christ, who was 
God manifest in the flesh, that we, being in the flesh, 
by following his example might grow like unto God 
in spirit and in truth? 

This was not a Brethren minister, but, nevertheless, 
many Brethren are led into a spirit of indifference by 
many forms of this malicious doctrine, under whose 
influence we all come more or less, as we meet it in 
varied forms and various places. Of all the verses 
of Scripture that are wrested to the destruction of 
immortal souls, perhaps none suffers as much as 1 John 
1 : 8, for it is often used to justify a sinful life though 
intended for no such interpretation. 

We do not say that the finite mind can ever be per- 
fect in judgment, but the human heart can be cleansed 
from sin. The Scripture does not say that Jesus was 
manifested to take away the consequences of our sins, 
but to take away the sins themselves,— to take out 
of our hearts the love of sin, the desire to sin. When 
all the lusts of the world, that hinder the Spirit from 
making the soul perfect before God, are removed, the 
same heart can be filled with holy affections and ambi- 
tions, and a desire to work only those things pleasing 
in the sight of God. When we are saved, we will not 
sin wilfully nor carelessly. More sins are committed 
through carelessness than through willfuln«ss. Both 
are subject to condemnation. 

. It has often been taught that if your conscience 
does not condemn you, no sin will be laid to. your 
charge. Don't believe it, friend. Your conscience, 
of itself, is not infallible. Somewhere in your town 
is a clock, upon which- you depend for perfect time. 
At certain intervals you compare your watch with 
that clock, and set it accordingly. Unless you set 
your conscience daily by the Word of God, it is not to 
be depended upon. It would do you no good whatever 
to look at (he clock unless you also compared your 
walcli with it at the same time. It does no good to 
-read the Word of God daily, or even hourly,* unless 
you examine yourself at the same time, and compare, 
the two. 

I speak from experience. Once I believed my con- 
science to be a safe criterion, and I wish no man to 
duplicate the sorrow that came to me. The greatest 
sorrow that a human being can know, is to feel that you 
have lived and taught an error by precept or example, 
and thereby caused the downfall of some one. Such 
a sorrow was mine,' and the blame may be placed 
largely upon an unenlightened conscience. 

But God has taught' me a better way,— the way of 
truth, the way the Lord died upon the cross, to estab- 
lish the glory and beauty of righteousness, of a life free 
from the old desire and affections. It is not given to 
all to suffer the sorrow of a great repentance, and yet 
we must all get a vision of Gethsemane (where the 
burden of sin seems piled upon our hearts) and of 
Calvary (where we crucify the flesh and die to sin) 
before we can come to the Mount of Olives, the Chris- 
tian's tower of hope. 

The pangs of repentance must precede the joy of 
salvation. Can a man repent a little every day? No, 
for true repentance is one of those things we never 
wish to experience but once, so we seek a way to avoid 
it. Jesus provides the way. He takes away the sins, 
that, resting in his care, we may not commit them 

It is essential that young people especially be kept 
' free from the malicious influence of this " easy " doc- 
trine. Young people are more apt to love worldly 
things than those who have lived to see the folly of 
them. It is far better for a minister, or the church 
he serves, to be condemned by the world as narrow, 
than- to teach a doctrine merely' because it is easy for 
people to believe and accept it. .Cling fast to the 
scripture as it is written,— not as it is interpreted by 

various theologians. I like the advice given in Jer.« 
6 : 16 : " Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for 
the old paths, where is the good way, and walk there- 
in, and ye shall find rest for your souls." 

Jesus said : " Be ye also perfect." Now " perfect " 
means " completed " or " filled up," so we may say that 
we have obeyed that command only when our salva- 
tion is complete and we are filled with the Holy Spirit. 
He tenants no temple that is partly or intermittently 
given over to the pleasures and lusts of earth. Salva- 
tion is not for the next.JJfe. " Now is the accepted 
time." We should not get in the habit of simply look- 
ing forward to heaven, but must let God make it a 
■ part of our present experience. Jesus died on the 
cross that we might have that experience and have it 
now. Unless we have accepted that gift in all its 
fullness, we arc denying ourselves a blessed privilege. 
Unless we preach it and teach it with all our mind and 
strength, we are not fulfilling our obligations to God 
and to the church. Jesus did not teach that we " must 
sin a little every day," but that we must not sin. What 
are we teaching, — not alone by word of mouth but by 
example? ^^_ 

Shall We Have Universal Compulsory Mili- 
tary Training? 

[The following article, from the " American Friend," IB of 
vital interest at the present time, niul KliouM be given confeder- 
ate attention.— Ed.] 

a League or other machinery will definitely do away with war 
is nonsense or sheer hypocrisy.' 

" This is the familiar Tory-Junker argument in favor of 
returning to the military status quo ante, but does it 
represent anything more substantial than Tory-Junker 
opinion? Is manhood so perverse, is statesmanship so 
bankrupt, that no means can be provided for safeguard- 
ing the world against a repetition of the horrors in which 
it has been submerged for more than four years? When 
this present conflict is ended must the human race remain 
shackled to the military machine while it works out in 
semi-industrial slavery the stupendous debt that has been 
incurred in crushing German autocracy and likewise works 
out the equally stupendous cost of a new program of 

" It is estimated previous to this year that the nations 
of Europe alone were spending $2,000,000,000 a year on 
their military establishments, and these expenditures found 
their highest justification in the claim that preparedness 
for war prevented war. All the thousands of millions 
that were poured out so lavishly prevented nothing. In 
the end civilization was plunged into the bloodiest and 
most disastrous war of all human history. 

" If the old preparedness proved worthless as a means 
of defense, what will the new preparedness cost and will 
il be less worthless? War has been revolutionized in the 
last four years. Even Germany, after forty years of 
methodical preparation, was not ready for the kind of 
war that had to be foug'ht, and was compelled to reorganize 
all of her military machinery and all of her finances 
and industries to meet the new situation. A nation 
can be prepared for modern warfare only by putting 
it completely on a war basis and subordinating all 
of its activities to the single business of slaughter. It 

ntirc educational 
omission upon 

Among the important questions, claiming attention v/as recently estimated by one of the British Labor Mem- 

at once, is the one stated in the above title. Although 

the great questions of the conditions of peace, and 

the steps to be taken in reconstruction both at home 

and abroad, properly occupy a large place in the minds 

of all our citizens, it must be remembered that the 

policy which is to be adopted in our own nation, re- 
specting compulsory military training, is in process of 

being determined. We may each have some share in 

deciding what that policy is to be. As furnishing some 

information, bearing on the question, we give below 

extracts from various sources, presenting important 

considerations which should be emphasized just at this 

time : 

England Rejects Compulsory Military Training in Her 
" Detailed reports from London regarding the great 

new Education Act which Parliament has passed, 

modelling from the ground up England 

system, show one striking omission, 
which Americans may well ponder: 

"The act contains no provision whatsoever for com- 
pulsory military training. 

"From one point of view it is a magnificent tribute to the 
sound English spirit. Even in the midst of war, with 
Germany a stone's throw away, England can study her 
educational problems coolly and decide quietly to keep 
her schools as training centers for individualism plus 
service, rather than, in a panic, to sacrifice them to the 
Prussian system of military drill. 

"And it is all the more striking because England, like 
America, has h>< various strenuous organizations dedi- 
cated to the job «f fastening military training upon the 
school system. They have been well financed and have 
held meetings and distributed literature showing the hor- 
rors of life without military training; they have had ques- 
tions 'put' in the House, and, in general, have betrayed 
a fine zeal on behalf' of their propaganda. But H. A. L. 
Fisher, the Minister of Education, told a delegation from 
the Miners' Federation some months ago, that the Gov- 
ernment had canvassed the question of compulsory drill 
for the secondary schools and had decided that the inno- 
vation had neither educational nor military value and \ 
would not be adopted. 

" Mr. Fisher has proved as good as his word. The Edu- 
cation Act, which sweeps out of existence eleven Educa- 
tional Acts and repeals parts of eleven others, provides 
for compulsory education up to fourteen years. Between 
the ages of fourteen and eighteen all English boys and 
girls must attend either the regular schools or, if they 
arc obliged to work, then they must attend continuation 
schools and their employers must help to make that school 
attendance possible. Physical training is provided with- 
out stint, but of military training there is not to be a trace. 
" England certainly has a quality all her own I" 
Mr. Roosevelt's Gospel of Reaction 
(Editorial in New York World) 
"Mr. Roosevelt said in the course of his speech at 
Springfield some time ago: 

•When peace comes let us accept any reasonable Proposal 
h.,h„ railing for a League of Nations or any other machinery 
wMerrea." otter, som. chance of lessening the oumbe, : of 
Sur. war" But l.t u. rraerab™ that any prom!., tb.t .ucl 

hers of Parliament that if another war must be reckoned 
with after this war, the cost of preparation will not be 
$2,000,000,000, a year but nearer $20,000,000,000, a year, 
and these figures arc not extravagant. Unless there is a 
way out of this horrible trap in which we have all been 
caught, a condition of peace can be little preferable to a 
condition of war. The death losses may be less but the 
economic burdens will be so great that civilization will 
remain perpetually in chains, staggering under a burden 
so colossal that the future can carry no hope. The Ger- 
man Government will have been defeated but the German 
idea will have triumphed everywhere. 

"If Mr. Roosevelt be right the war is already a fail- 
ure. . . . 

1 " Mr. R. of course is wrong — monstrously wrong. If 
this war means anything it means that the Tory-Junker 
system is not only dead but damned. It can have no 
resurrection unless the self-governing peoples abandon the 
real cause in which they are fighting. There is no salva- 
tion in the old formula of preparedness. This is now 
preeminently a war to end war, and a league of nations 
is the only way out of the Golgotha of militarism. It is 
not a proposal to be sneered at or dismissed as Utopian. 
It is today the one hope of a civilization weltering in 
blood and agony." 

President Opposed to Universal Military Training 
The following statement was issued April 6, 1917, 
in connection with the draft legislation and has never 
been withdrawn by the President : 

" This legislation (the General Staff's plan for raising 
an army ol 1.000,000 men by draft makes no attempt to 
solve the question of a permanent military policy for the 
country, chiefly for the reason that in these anxious and 
disordered times a clear view can not be had either of 
our permanent military necessities or of the best mode of 
organizing a proper military establishment. The hope of 
the world is that when the European war is over arrange- 
ments will have been made composing many of the ques- 
tions which have hitherto seemed to require the arming 
of nations, and that in some ordered and just way the 
peace of the world may be maintained by such coopera- 
tions of force among the great nations as may be neces- 
sary to maintain peace and freedom throughout the world. 
" When these arrangements for a permanent peace are 
made we can determine our military needs and adapt our 
course of military preparation to the genius of a world 
organized for justice and democracy." 
Could Permanent Military Training and Service Militarize 
(Editorial from The Notion) 
" Now we are quite aware that in debating this subject 
any one who suggests that America might be militarized by 
universal service is met with incredulous smiles, if not 
by charges of pro-Germanism. But no less a person than 
Mr. Walter L. Fisher, a memberof Mr. Taft's cabinet and 
a believer in strong military preparedness, has pointed 
out that the past of America offers no analogy or security 
on this point. Because we were without militarism when 
we had a regular army of only 25,000 men and 2,200 of- 
ficers, there is no logical reason to assume, he points out, 
that we shall not be militarized when we have 50.000 or 
75.000 regular officers devoting all their time to teaching 
the art of war and preparing for its exercise." 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 18, 1919 







Tl 1 



of I 







a .. 













The Brevity of Human Life 


We were forcibly reminded of the shortness of hu- 
man life by the statement that Jacob made to Pharaoh, 
as given in a recent Sunday-school lesson. Life seems 
long or short according to the standpoint from which 
we view it. In our early teens, the time seemed very 
long, as we looked forward to the time when we 
should be twenty-one years old, — the time when we 
could cast our first ballot, and be our own master. 
Now, in our eighty-fourth year, when we look back 
to the period when we were a boy, the time seems very 
short. We can remember an incident that occurred 
eighty years ago as vividly as if it occurred only yes- 
terday, and the space covered seems very short. 

This reminds us of what Job says: "Man that is 
born of woman is of few days and full of trouble. 
He cometh forth as a flower and is cut down. He 
fleeth also as a shadow and continueth not." The 
Psalmist says : " The days of our years are threescore 
and ten, or even by reason of strength, fourscore 
years ; yet is their pride but labor and sorrow." 

Jacob said to Pharaoh : " The days of the years of 
my pilgrimage are a hundred and thirty years. Few 
and evil have been the days of the years of my life." 
To Jacob his lifetime seemed very short. This seems 
to be the experience of all aged people. Besides, these 
years are beset with much evil. The disappointments, 
obstacles to be overcome and the losses sustained, cast 
a shadow over a great portion of our lives. 
Fruita, Colo. 

Christian Stewardship 


Among the many essential obligations, resultant 
from our alignment with our Loving Lord, there is 
none more vital than that of our caption, " Christian 

There are at least two features of the subject that 
make it vital, one of which is God's ownership of our 
so-called possessions, and the other the need of these 
possessions in carrying on the work of the church. 

The former is testified to in the passage : " The 
earth is the Lord's and the fulness thereof," and the 
latter: " Upon the first day of the week let everyone 
of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered 
him." Under the law one-tenth was required and 
those who failed to obey were punished accordingly. 
Under grace, that is our law, — all is required, even 
ourselves personally. 

We are seemingly loyal to our Lord's teachings in 
most things, and while some of these things are of 
minor importance, yet, in the matter of stewardship, 
we are gravely delinquent. I may not be amiss in my 
accusations if I say we do not give as much under 
grace as those gave who were under the law, and 
J will say further that our punishment will be propor- 
tionately greater. We suffer, at the least, immeasur- 
ably in spiritual development, spending or wasting our 
lives waddling about like " babes." 

In the first place, every man and woman, wdio is 
loyal to the Lord, will give to the limit,— not one-tenth, ' 
but as much as the church requires to carry on its 
work. One who wjll stand by and see the church suf- 
fer in its activities when he has the means to meet 
the demands, is not the friend of God. 

In the second place, all of the larger concerns of 
the Lord's Kingdom should receive their share of our, 
holdings in bulk, that is, if we arp possessed of a large 
measure of the Lord's goods, it is our paramount duty 
to give without stint, thousands, tens of thousands, 
hundreds of thousands. 

Were the members of the Church of the Brethren 
to measure up to the Divine Standard, they would be 
able and willing to give millions each year for the 
equipment of all the agencies now engaged in spread- 
ing the Gospel tidings through all the nations. 

Of quite recent times the American people have 

shown the possibilities of financing great movements 
by voluntarily subscribing billions of dollars in sup- 
port of a bloody war. How much more should we be 
willing to subscribe millions to bring peace and good 
will to the lost nations of the world ! 

A mercenary objector says that our first duty is to 
" provide for our own household," in order to escape 
the penalty due an " infidel." This is true, in a limited 
sense, but not true when we give all to the household 
and practically nothing to the church. 

Our church has won the distinction of punctilious 
observance of certain forms and ceremonies not specif- 
ically emphasized in the New Testament, and has lost 
immeasurably in spiritual development by neglecting 
the weightier matters of the law, to wit, "judgment, 
mercy and faith" 

Under the Mosaic law the people were called " rob- 
bers." who withheld the Lord's portion, and the like 
fate awaits us if we do not fulfill the obligations of 
Christian stewardship. 

Roanoke. Va. 

■ • ■ 



"And whatsoever you do in word or deed, do all in the 
name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the 
Father by him" (Col. 3: 17). 

To be right in life we must be sincere. A lie can 
never be right. It is always a sin, for Satan is a liar 
and the father of lies (John 8: 44). 

We can look upon these bodies but we can not see 
each other. The real person dwells within the body 
and is only known by signals we give out from time 
to time, as our words, deeds, actions. After w r e are 
gone, it is not so much how we looked but what we did 
by which we are remembered. Then let us be sure 
our signals are true ones, for " if the light that is 
in thee be darkness, how great is that darkness " (Matt. 

It is easy for us to pretend to be something which 
we are not, in order to appear well in the eyes of 
others. If we are doing such things, we are giving out 
false signals and show at once to others that we are 
not sincere. 

Jesus said: "I do nothing of myself; but as my 
Father hath taught me, I speak these things." There 
we have Jesus' standard," and he was the most deeply 
in earnest of any. He never needed to be ashamed 
of anything. He was found doing because he always 
was about his Father's business. Is it possible that 
we sing, pray, give and preach to be seen of men and 
forget the Master who seeth in secret and will re- 
ward openly? Perhaps David forgot this great truth 
When he numbered Israel with such awful results. 
Later Ananias and his wife Sapphira forgot God and 
lost their possessions as well as their lives. Joseph 
remembered his. God when he said, on being tempted 
to sin : " How then can I do this great wickedness, and 
sin against God" (Gen. 39: 9)? 

That we live right lives in the sight of our God, 
is the only true test of our sincerity. And in loving 
and obeying God, we will be found loving and serving 
others. O Lord, help us to be true! 

Hamter, Ohio. 

" Love the Brotherhood " 

1 Peter 2: 17 

Love is that which satisfies, hence it is the factor that 
makes for happiness. Lovers the essence of the Chris- 
tian religion. It is the life of the soul. Hence, to love 
the Brotherhood implies that we are satisfied with her 
as a body,— that her rules, methods, faith, teachings, 
principles, etc., are all so dear to us that they satisfy 
us. We love them all. We love the Brotherhood. 
Any one who does not love the Brotherhood is dis- 
satisfied and, of course, not happy. Such are not a 
blessing to the church. Such always bring about an 
unrest in the church. 

Paul, like our Master, was willing "to spend and 
be spent" for the church, because she was dear to 
him. He loved the brotherhood. Hence, he was a 
blessing to the church. So were Peter, John and 

others. But how about those who are members of 
the Church of the Brethren in this age? Such are 
still among us and are a great blessing to the church, 
but one by one they are passing over. We all know 
that Brother Quinter loved the Brotherhood, or he 
would not have said: "If I die, I wish to die right 
among the Brethren." But our aim is here to pen a 
few lines about our dear brother, Samuel Sprankel, 
who, not long since, passed over. 

Permit a few clippings from the " History of the 
Church of the Brethren of' Northeastern Ohio ": " He 
was noted, all along his life's work, for his punctuality 
at all church services. For fourteen consecutive years 
he missed only two Sundays, and on one of those his 
mother lay dead." He had lharge of the Lake Shore 
church where " he missed only two meetings in four- 
teen years, 'and three Sundays in twenty-one years." 
The last services he attended were in the Tuscarawas 
church, of which he had charge. On his way to a 
special council he consulted a physician in Canton. He 
was advised to go home as quickly as he could. But 
he iwent ten miles farther to said council. He re- 
turned with Bro. Strausbaugh to Canton. There he 
was till his physician sent him home in an ambulance. 
He still lived a few days. 

" How could he do all this?" the reader at once 
will ask. He loved the Brotherhood. Like Brother 
Quinter, " he loved the brotherhood " and was will- 
ing to " spend and be spent " for the church. " Su- 
preme love to God, and universal love to man " is 
Christ's message to us all. Would I be satisfied and 
be happy, and be a blessing to the world ? If so, I must 
" love the Brotherhood." 
Harlvillc, Ohio. 

The First Emancipation Proclamation 


There are many people still living who remember 
President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation, with 
its far-reaching consequences. Slaves had been im- 
ported from the far African shores and were being 
largely used by Southern planters. Man was not in- 
tended by the Creator to be a slave to man, and so 
divided was opinion on that question, in the union of 
States, that a division among them became imminent. 

The story is familiar to all, as is the final announce- 
ment by the President, which freed all the slaves held 
in the seceded States, restoring them to a state of in- 
dependent manhood and womanhood. 

Over 2,000 years ago the first Emancipation Procla- 
mation was issued from the cross on Calvary. Christ 
had seen much of the bondage of man to sin, — in fact 
his birth was a direct consequence of man's slavery 
to Satan, since he came to earth to combat that very 

His entire life was a preparing and an approach to the 
Emancipation Proclamation, which was to make free- 
dom from sin possible to every class and condition of 
man, regardless of " race, color, or condition of servi- 
tude." His few years upon earth were devoted to the 
dissemination of this one idea. His teaching was 
permeated by the portentous truth that man must no 
longer remain in slavery. 

It rested with him to loosen the shackles, to ^shake 
off the fetters which, from the beginning of time, had 
held man a prisoner to earth. The ultimate process of 
rending the bond of those seeking a new freedom of 
spirit, was not brought by a mere setting down in print 
of the fact, that, from -thenceforth, every man, for all 
time, might find his spiritual serfdom done away with. 

The first Emancipation Proclamation went into ef- 
fect when the three words, " It is finished," were 
spoken by the dying and atoning Christ. He had lived 
for this ideal; he died for it. In offering his life as 
an' atonement for all mankind, he made us free. 

Betrayed, mocked, tortured,— yet his three words 
ring down the centuries as the herald of a new spiritual 

Paul says: " Thanks be to God that whereas ye were 
the servants of sin, ye became obedient from the heart 
to that form of teaching whereunto ye were delivered, 
. . . being made free from sin." 

Fairfield, Pa. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 18, 1910 



Sunday, Dec. 15, was the day set for the dedication o*f 
111* First Church of the Brethren in the State of Dela- 
ware. Eld. A. L. B. Martin preached the dedicatory 
■sermon, which was very good. Owing to the fact that 
the day was very rainy, the attendance was small, but 
'the offering was large, considering all things. 

Heretofore this little band worshiped in a schoolhouse, 
'but, realizing that we needed a more appropriate place, 
we decided to purchase a building Which was then for 
sale in the town of Greenwood. After some remodeling, 
this building makes us a very comfortable churchhouse. 
Greenwood is located on the main line of the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad. There is also a railroad running from 
Chesapeake Bay to the ocean, which passes through the 
town, making it convenient for brethren traveling through 
(here to stop, also for the brethren of Denton, Md., to be 
with us in our services. As we are part of that congrega- 
tion, it is necessary for them to be with us often. 

It was decided to have Bro. Martin preach for us Dec. 
17. THe will hold a series of meetings for us some time 
t« 'the future. 

Dec. 27, with Eld. W. M. Wine presiding, we organized 
our Sunday-school, electing Bro. Harry Pressei as su- 
perintendent. We also elected a business committee and 
a Sunday-school Board. With Bro. Wine as our elder, 
we feel much encouraged to go ahead. Although he 
lives some twenty miles north of Greenwood, he is faith- 
ful in his service. ' Clara Seldcrs. 
Farming ton, Del., Jan. 1. 

On the evening of Dec. 24 a Christmas program was 
held in the Chinese Mission in Chinatown. Influenza has 
made its presence keenly felt in this mission. Two of our 
very promising workers, Bro. Wayne Chung and his 
sister, Mary Chung Wong, fell victims to the disease. 

We are glad to report that a bright young Chinese 
woman has recently been added to our number by con- 
fession and baptism. She and her sister, who has been 
a member of the church for more than a year, are high 
school graduates. They speak the English language flu- 
ently. They promise to be very helpful factors among 
the women of Chinatown. Delia Lchmer, 


Husband and I arrived at this place one month ago 
to take charge of the work under the direction of the 
" Mission Board of the Northern District of Missouri. We 
find a broad field and are gratified that a little group of 
faithful and willing workers has "kept the home fires 
burning" by having their Sunday-school and Bible Study 
class in good order, although without a pastor for the 
past year. 

We are now having Sunday-school at 10 A. M., preach- 
ing services twice each Sunday and all services well at- 
tended. Christmas night a program was rendered for the 
benefit of the Armenian and Syrian sufferers and an of- 
fering of $23.68 was given. 

"We will begin a series of revival meetings Sunday, Dec, 
29, to be conducted by the pastor, Eld. G. W. Ellenber- 
gcr. Last Sunday night Bro. E, Slater, of Springfield, Mo., 
preached for us acceptably. Friday, Dec. 27, we held our 
first quarterly council. Bid. J. S. Kline officiated as moder- 
ator. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected as 
follows: Trustee and Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. 
Geo. Miller; clerk. Bro. E. N. Huffman; Christian Work- 
ers' president, ^Bro. C. S. Garber; "Messenger" agent 
and church correspondent, the undersigned. We were 
glad to have with us also, at this meeting, Bro. M. R. 
Murray, of St. Louis, who assisted in the closing devotions. 

In behalf of the work here, when so much needs to be 
done, and when so many obstacles present themselves to 
the workers, we request the prayers of the brethren and 
sisters, especially those who live in the Northern District 
of Missouri, that the work may prosper and that the 
workers fail not in their duty. Mary Polk Ellenkereer. 

6035 Pryor Avenue, St. Joseph, Mo. , 


The Los Angeles church met in regular council Dec. 
27, with Eld. C. W. Guthrie in charge. On account of 
sickness in his family, our presiding elder. Bro. D. W. 
Crist, could not be present. A number of Sunday-school 
and church officers were elected for the ensuing year. 
The writer was elected correspondent. . The influenza 
epidemic prevented us from holding our love feast at 
the appointed time. We decided to ' postpone it until 

At the request of the workers of the Santa Fe and Boyle 
Heights missions, within the bounds of this church, and 
by the consent of the church, the Mission Board of 
Southern California and Arizona took over the Boyle 
Heights mission, and merged the two. On account of 
the Santa Fe district rapidly becoming a factory center, 
Boyle Heights was chosen as the more desirable place 
for worship and missionary activities. 

Dec. 29, at 2 P. M„ the members of the united mis- 
sions met to organize Sunday-school and Christian Work- 
ers' Meeting. This resulted in the election of a band of 
earnest, consecrated workers for the various offices. 
Brethren L. M. Davenport and C. F. Smith were elected 
superintendents of the Sunday-school. 

At 3:30 P. M. Eld. G. H. Bashor. of Glendora, de- 
livered a very appropriate discourse to a well-filled house. 
In the evening Eld. C. W. Guthrie, pastor of the united 
missions, delivered an illustrated lecture on "The Nativity 
of Christ." 


On Wednesday evening, preceding Thanksgiving Day, 
we listened to a splendid discourse by our pastor, Bro. 
John F. Dietz. The meeting was well attended. 

Dec. 7 we met in council. Officers for the ensuing year 
are as follows: Bro. John F. Dietz, pastor; Sister Olive 
Dietz, church clerk; Bro. Ed Wcisenberger, financial 
secretary; Bro, John P. Guthrie, superintendent of the 
Sunday-school; the writer, superintendent of the Chinese 
Sunday-school; Bro. H. F. Wagner, president of the 
Christian Workers' Meeting; Sister Annie E. Pifer, " Mes- 
senger" agent: the writer, correspondent. 

Dec. 8 we had a full day, — Sunday-school and church 
service in the forenoon; the baptism of four of our young 
people in the afternoon; then our love feast in the even- 
ing. Fifty-four communicants were present and we en- 
joyed a real love feast, 'conducted by our pastor. The 
members of the Chinese Sunday-school were present and 
on the following Sabbath five of them, who are now be- 
ginning to speak English quite well, applied for baptism. 
Dec. 22 five Chinese and two Americans were baptized. 

The Chinese Christmas program, which began at 5 
P. M., Dec. 22, was composed of readings, recitations and 
music. Bro. Moy Wing spoke on " What Christ Means 
to Me." The pantomime. " Rock of Ages," was very im- 
pressive. The largest crowd we have ever had, was 
present at these services. 

Since our readers are cooperating with us, wc are lo- 
cating quite a number in the city and visiting them. Wc 
are glad to help. M. B. Williams. 

Detroit, Mich., Jan. 2. 

do pray to be fully resigned to his will, without murmur- 
ing. And we do pray to be made able to perceive his 
will and his hand in all times of distress and need. If 
famine or the hard times, sure to result from not having 
more rains, will result in bringing India more fully in 
sympathy with our Savior and Lord, then, with all our 
hearts, we can praise him even for the famine and the 
consequent sorrows, 

Today, as some of our teachers were sitting eating, I 
heard them say to one another that if rains do not come 
within a month there will be looting here and there, and 
titties will be serious for the women and children. One 
said : " Women will not be safe at all in my village." 
The teachers say that in some villages near the jungle the 
people even now have no food, no grain having matured, 
and people are living off wild roots, shoots of trees, 
etc. The Cattle have even trodden down the jungle reeds, 
which normally they never touch, but which grow ten or 
more feet high, and arc used to make walls for village 

Our teachers say that the poor can pull through very 

well for one month yet, generally, but after that, if no 

rains come, God only knows what will happen. Never, 

(Continued on Pnge 42) 


Bro. J. H. Wimmer has accepted the call of the Sclma 
church as her pastor and elder, We rejoice to have him 
as a shepherd of our little flock. Often wc have pressed 
on under discouragements, remembering the scripture 
which says: "Upon tins rock I will build my church; 
and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it." Bro. 
Wimmer used that , same text the first Sunday. 

Dec. 25 one of the best programs ever given in the 
town was rendered in our church. It consisted in part 
of a splendid short talk on the birth of the " Babe of 
Bethlehem," by our pastor, and a pageant, " The Cross 
Beside the Flag." An offering of $43.30 was taken for 
Armenian and Syrian Relief. 

Dec. 29 Bro. Wimmer gave us the outline of a strong 
Bible course and suggested our taking it up to make our 
Bible study more systematic. Dec. 30 a council meeting 
was. held in the Sclma church, with Bro. Wimmer pre- 
siding. Letters of Bro. Wimmer, wife and son, Wilber, 
were received. The treasurer's report was read and ac- 
cepted. Then officers were elected for the year as fol- 
lows: Bro. F. A. Carter, clerk; the writer, correspondent; 
Bro. Wimmer, "Messenger" agent. Bro, D. L. Carter 
was appointed to secure an evangelist for a series of meet- 
ings. Bro. L. M. Carter, chairman of finance committee, 
suggested the envelope system of giving. Bro. C. D. 
Hylton was retained as advisory elder. Sunday-school 
officers were elected, with Bro. D. L. Carter as superin- 
tendent. The meeting was very inspiring and we feel 
that God will use our pastor to awaken our congregation 
to a realization of its mission in this place. 

Ada K. Carter. 


The Monsoon rains in India, this year, are generally 
from one-third to one-half of the normal, with rare in- 
stances of more than the normal. But up to date, Oct. 
1, the latter rains have not come. In many places rice was 
not put out at all, for lack of sufficient rain. Where it 
was planted, it has ripened, burned up early, and will 
produce only one-fourth crop and less. Some places the 
farmers will not get as much as the seed sown. But if 
it should rain even yet, there would be bumper crops 
of juwar, cotton and other winter crops, thus saving the 
situation greatly. Juwar is one of the staple food grains, 
together with rice. 

The Christians of the Bombay Presidency have been in 
much prayer for rain, and God has often heard our prayers 
in this behalf really, for which we are very grateful in- 
deed. But this time we seem to cry in vain, for rain 
does not come, though India is so needy. No, not in 
vain, for he does hear and answer, surely, but his answer 
must he something better than we now know. Oh. we 


for thu Weekly 

Love's Power for Ourselves and Others 

1 Cor. 13: 13 (Am. Rev.) 

For Week Beginning January 26, 1919 

1. Introductory. — (1) Love's nature: "It is that kind 
of love which God has for us. It is that desire to give 
and to bless which is ready to bestow itself even where 
it meets with no response." (2) Love's preeminence: 
'•The greatest of these." (3) Love's cultivation: "By 
meditation upon God's love to us." 

2. Love a Foundational Principle. — If out religion is 
to be real and spiritual, it must be rooted and grounded 
in brotherly love. "He that hateth his brother can not 
know God," nor can he know man. The precious, Heaven- 
approved quality of love will open the eyes of every true 
child of God to the abiding beauty of every human soul, 
to the temptations resisted, as well as those we have 
conquered, to the aspiration after something higher, 
struggling like a plant in a dark dungeon toward the 
light, to the glorious possibilities hidden in the being of 
every child of God. Clearly to recognize the good con- 
cealed within our brothers and sisters will help us to 
catch some bright glimpses of our Father in heaven. It 
is human selfishness which hides the true nature of God's 
children, — however degraded they may have become by 
their own fault or the fault of others, — from our sight. 
It is the same deep, deadly shadow whicli deadens our 
own perception of God. Through brotherly love, filial 
affection to God is born in human hearts, and when that 
sacred emotion has once filled our whole being, spiritual 
religion is known and loved. 

3. Love, the Test of Discipleshjp.— The world looks in 
vain for that one mark of discipleship which the Master 
laid down: " By this shall all men know that ye are my 
disciples, if ye have love one to another." The world 
holds aloof from the church, not because the world is 
wholly lacking in the religious spirit and temper, but be- 
cause that distinguishing note of love is lacking in Christ's 
professed followers. The world has well-nigh lost re- 
spect for God's people on that account. 

4. Love as a Herald of Joy. — This is the positive as- 
pect of love, — the doing of something good to every one, 
whenever an opportunity presents itself. No one is in 
such a position but that he can do something to help 
others,— if it is only by being pleasant and cheerful in 
manner. We may not all be able to help others with our 
influence and money, but we can help with our sympathy, 
our good will and kind words, if nothing more. 

5. A Blessed Privilege. — We are commanded to love 
one another, and how are we to do it? Is love a matter 
of will, or is it a passion of the heart? Can we, by mere 
formal determination of mind, change dislike to love? 
Can the hatred of enemies be suddenly and by mere 
force of volition turned into the warm regard of friends? 
It is. and must ever be, a gift of Christ's nature.— a love 
that passeth understanding. By it enemy and friend are 
drawn together into brotherhood, and glorified in the 
splendor of infinite Christian sympathy. 

6. Suggestive References.— Do what love suggests. 
Matt. 5: 41, 42. Love's mission, Matt. 25: 34-40. Love's 
test, John IS: 12. 13. Love must be sincere. Rom. 12; 
9, 10. Love as Christ loved. Eph. 5: 2. Let love abound. 
Philpp. 1: 9. Have the same love. Philpp. 2: 2. 'Knit 
together in love." Col. 2: 2. "The bond of perfectness," 
Col. 3: 12-14. "Increase and abound in love," 1 Thess. 
3: 12. "Taught of God to love." 1 Thess. 4: 9. "The 
myal law." James 2: 8. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1919 











.i re 





( li 





Sunday-school Lesson, The Passover. — Ex. 11: 1 to \2: 


Christian Workers' Meeting, God's Letter to the World. 

— Matt. 4: 4, 7, 10. 

Bro. D. R. McFadden, of Smithville, Ohio, at New Car- 
lisle, same State. 

Bro. A. I. Heestand, of Woosler, Ohio, in the Akron 
church, same State. 

Bro. H. S. Reploglc, of Scalp Level, Pa., in the Hunting- 
dun church, same State. 

Bro. G. O. Stutzman, of Burr Oak, Kans., to begin Feb. 

2 in the Sterling church, Colo. 

Bro. E. F. Caslow, of Grand Rapids, Mich., to begin 

about March 1. in the Glendale church, Ariz. 

Bro. Thomas Patrick, of Penbrook, Pa., to begin Feb. 1 

af the Mt, FIopc house, Chickies church, same State. 


One was recently reclaimed at Schoolfield, Va. 

Two were recently baptized in the Ligonier church, Pa. 

Eleven were recently baptized in the Detroit church, 

Two were received by baptism at Indianapolis, Ind., 
since the last report. 

One has been reclaimed in the Allison Prairie church, 
111., since the last report. 

Eleven were baptized at New Enterprise, Pa., — Bro. C. 
D. Bonsack, of New Windsor, Md., evangelist. 

One was baptized in the Turkey Creek church, Ind., — 
Bro. Reuben Shroyer, of North Canton, Ohio, evangelist. 

Fifteen were recently baptized in the West Conestoga 
congregation, Pa., — Bro. H. B, Yodcr, of Lancaster, same 
Slate, evangelist. 

Five accepted Christ and were baptized in the Copper 
Creek church, Ind., — Bro. Waller Gibson, of Goshen, same 
State, evangelist. 

Sixty-nine confessed Christ, of whom thirty-six have 
been baptized at Basic, Va.. — Bro. A. S. Thomas, of Bridge- 
water, samcState, evangelist. 


Bro. J. C. Murray, whose address in the Yearbook is 
given as Wenatchee, Wash., is now located at North Man- 
chester, Ind. 

At last reports Bro. D. L. Miller was engaged in a large- 
ly-attended meeting at Live Oak, Cal., without being 
hindered by the influenza, as had been the case at other 
places. Lindsay, same State, was the next point on his 

We regret the necessity for further delay in the publi- 
cation of the biographical sketch of Sister Nora Arnold 
Lichty, referred to last we^t. This has been unavoidable, 
but we have good reasons to believe that we shall be able 
to give it in our next issue. 

Bro. J. F. Britton, of Bristow, Va., has decided to con- 
tinue his evangelistic labors during the present year, and 
i?> ready to consider calls from congregations that may 
desire his services. As some engagements have already 
been entered into, early application will be necessary to 
secure a favorable date. 

The Secretary of the General Mission Board is attend- 
ing a Missionary Conference this week at New Haven. 
Conn. This is a conference of the Mission Boards of the 
various denominations, at which matters of interest to all 
the Boards are considered. Bro. Otho Winger, Vice- 
Chairman of the Board, and Bro. D. J. Lichty, now in 
America on furlough from the India field, have also 
planned to attend the conference. 

Bro. Reuben Shroyer, of North Canton. Ohio, is in a 
position to serve several churches in revival efforts at the 
present time. On account of the prevalence of influenza, 
a number of the churches have postponed the series of 
meetings arranged for, and some have deferred them in- 
definitely. Those who desire to secure Bro. Shroyer's 
services just now, while several desirable dates are still 
open, should address him without delay. 

Bro. A. J. Culler, of McPherson. Kans.. called at the 
" Messenger " rooms on Thursday of last week, as he was 
on his^way to Chicago to attend a committee meeting. He 
is a member of the committee appointed by the last Con- 
ference to draw up suitable formulas for installing church 
officials, and to revise certain minutes, as recommended by 
the Committee on Revision of Annual Meeting Minutes. 
Bro. Culler says the college work at McPherson is mov- 
ing along prosperously again, since the passing of the in- 
.fluenza epidemic. 

Bro. Edgar Rothrock, Secretary of the District Mission 
Loard for the State of Nebraska, asks us to announce that 
the Omaha church is looking for a new pastor, to begin 
his labors March 1, the present workers, Brother and Sis- 
ter M. R. Weaver, having resigned after ten years of faith- 
ful service. "T^c congregation has sixty-five members, a 
new churchhousc and a new eight-room bungalow parson- 
age. Correspondence should be addressed to the clerk, 
Bro. J. W. Rasp, 210 Keeline Building, Omaha, Nebr. - 

The District Meeting of Southwestern Kansas and 
Southeastern Colorado, to be held at Hutchinson, Kans., 
has been deferred from th.e date previously assigned to 
April 26-28. A schedule of the various sessions is given 
among the Notes. 

Have You Seen the Yearbook? 

After sundry adventures, the 1919 Yearbook 
has at last escaped from our hands and now rests 
secure in its regular place in thousands of homes. 
If you have not seen the Yearbook, ten cents in 
silver or stamps will bring you a copy all your 

The 1919 Yearbook is corrected up to Novem- 
ber, 1918. All changes since the first of Novem- 
ber are to be printed in the " Messenger " as 
they come in, and, if noted in the Yearbook, will 
keep the lists up-to-date. 

Just remember that the Yearbook or Almanac 
contains some special features this year, notably 
the articles by Brethren J. H. Moore, D. L. Mil- 
ler and Jno. S. Flory. Ten cents will bring your 
copy of the Yearbook. 


The Basic church, Va., announces her love feast for 
Feb. 1. 

The Deshler church, Ohio, will rededicate their house of 
worship on Sunday, Jan. 19, at 10 A. M., — Bro. Otho Win- 
ger delivering the address for the occasion. 

The Roaring Spring church has purchased a parsonage 
adjoining their church grounds, which will be a provision 
of great convenience to the pastor and family. We have 
often wondered why more of our churches, while erecting 
a house of worship, do not provide for a parsonage also, 
on an adjoining lot. It would prove to be a decided ad- 
vantage in a number of ways, and an excellent investment. 

Special Notice to Western Pennsylvania. — Bro. M. Clyde 
Horst, Clerk of the District just named, desires us to call 
attention to the following: "In order that all business for 
District Meeting be printed in the Program, all papers 
from the churches, and all reports *oT committees and 
treasurers, should be in the hands of the District Clerk 
on or before March 1, 1919." 

We were impressed by the recent report of the Akron 
church, Ohio. While the expenses of the congregation have 
been unusually heavy, generous donations have been made 
for various benevolent purposes. Those who may wonder 
as to the secret of such unwonted liberality, are given an 
insight into the matter by the correspondent. All is as- 
cribed to the potency of prayer,— five groups having made 
ample use of this most excellent means of grace. 

Our contributors, when reporting news from the church- 
es, will please bear in mind that our room for communica- 
tions of that sort is necessarily limited. For some years 
we have made it a rule to report only the leading officers 
elected at church councils, confining ourselves to the fol- 
lowing only: Elder, pastor, Sunday-school superintendent, 
Christian Workers' president, "Messenger" agent, "Mes- 
senger" correspondent, church clerk, church trustees, 
Local Temperance Committee, Local Missionary Com- 
mittee. We trust that our correspondents will kindly re- 
member these restrictions, when sending church news, thus 
avoiding needless correspondence regarding the matter. 

The Need of Today: Men of Faith.— Loyally entering 
upon the tasks and obligations of, the " Five Year Forward 
Movement," there is need of enlarged vision, but even 
more so of abounding faith, — the secret of abiding strength. 
The man of faith is the Lord's steward. He is the Load's 
mouthpiece. God uses him because ''the man of faith puts 
himself entirely within the Master's hand. For such men 
tHe world waits, for such men God yearns, that through 
them he may hasten the time when the wickedness of 
ungodly men may be curbed, and when universal right- 
eousness will fill the world with its jubilant song. Never 
was there a time when moral heroes were more needed. 
The world waits for such. The pulse of the race throbs 
fast with the expectancy of mighty movements for social, 
betterment. The atmosphere of the nations is tense, with 
stupendous national upheavals and reshapings. The heart 
of the church of God may well quiver with prophetic an- 
ticipations of the mightiest baptism of love and power it 
has ever known. 

A Pastor's Motto. — A recent communication to this 
office was written on a sheet that bears the letter-head of 
a busy pastor. We were specially attracted by the motto, 
prominently displayed: " Friend of the Troubled; Counsel- 
or on Life Problems." As we pondered over the signif- 
icant words, we were forcibly reminded of the fact that 
they concisely state two very important phases of pastoral 
efficiency, — features that were especially emphasized by the 
Great Teacher. The consecrated pastor's mission is ever 
one of consolation and cheer to the troubled, just as his 
counsel should point out a way of peace and safety through 
the bewildering maze^of life's problems. 

" The Unplumbed Depths."— A current writer recently 
made this observation: "Every nation has its unplumbed 
depths, in which lie strange and terrible possibilities." The 
thought impressed us with its far-reaching significance, not 
only as applying to nations, but equally pertinent as to in- 
dividuals. In a very real sense each person has his "un- 
plumbed depths," — a realm of mystery,— but we are glad 
that the "possibilities" need not, necessarily, "be strange 
and terrible," but that they can be, indeed, "wholly pleas- 
ing and truly wonderful." Have we not all seen the musi- 
cian who, with the hand of a master, can draw sweetest 
melody from the instrument that hitherto has been rather 
disappointing? And so, thank God, it may be with any 
one of us, if we allow theGreat Master to sound the "un- 
plumbed depths " c.f our hearts, to bring forth therefrom 
unexpected treasures, precious and rare,— unknown even 
to ourselves. 

Putting Something into the Prayer Meeting.— A writer 
in one of our exchanges pertinently remarks that no one 
should expect to get anything out of the weekly prayer 
service if he neglects to put something into it. That is 
true enough. No business man can hope to make a suc- 
cess of his business without putting into it the best that 
is in him. How common to hear people exclaim, after a 
prayer meeting: " I didn't get anything out of it " ! Was 
the meeting at fault, or did the critic fail to go in the right 
frame of mind? A brother met an aged deacon on the 
morning after the weekly prayer meeting, and enthusiasti- 
cally remarked: " We had a fine meeting last night." Woi^ 
deriugly the deacon asked: "What was there about it, so 
especially fine?" "Well," said the brother, V the leader 
asked me to say something, so I did some earnest thinking 
about the subject, before going to the meeting, and, really, 
all that was said wonderfully appealed to me." The 
brother unconsciously uttered a great truth. Thinking 
beforehand about the subject to be considered, and then 
prayerfully and briefly presenting one's testimony, is sure 
to make any prayer meeting a most interesting one. 

Making the Most out of the Home Department.— A 
writer in a recent issue of the "Sunday School Times" 
advanced an idea with which the Bystander is 'much 
pleased. As he says: " Getting members for the home de- 
partment is a fine thing, but getting them to promote 
themselves into the visible Sunday-school is better." 
Many of the best Sunday-school workers are urging a 
double enrollment, — once as a home department member; 
secondarily as an honorary member of the class to which 
he or she would belong- if a regular attendant. This brings 
them more or less in touch with the school, includes them, 
by special invitation, in any^social occasions or. special 
services, and links them Up, in personal acquaintance and 
friendship, with (hose of their own age. Much, 'of course, 
will depend upon the tactfulness of the class to which such 
home department members are coordinated. The teacher 
as well as the members should feel a special responsibility 
for the honorary classmates, considering them, on the 
quiet, as a^sort-of home mission field. It should be their 
definite aim to bring-rhem. into active membership. While 
the double enrollment has worked most successfully in 
some of the schools, undoubtedly much depends upon- the 
class in question, to win the home department members 
for the regular class work. 


At sundry times the duty and privilege of special prayer 
and special thanksgiving have been urged on our people. 
The Central Service Committee again appeals to all our 
people that earnest prayer and supplication be made in the 
congregations, in the families and in the shut-in places, in 
behalf of the Council of Nations, now meeting to decide 
the terms of peace, and to adopt measures and plans for 
the prevention of wars in the future. 

The importance and far-reaching significance of the 
work, in the hands of these men, can not be exaggerated. 
The affairs of all nations are dependent on the outcome of 
this Council. ,The interests of the entire human race, of 
every tongue and nation, will be affected. One of the 
greatest responsibilities ever laid upon a human council 
rests upon these ijaen. Every believing soul should pray 
that wisdom from God Almighty may be manifest in the 
minds and conclusions of these men. 

The Central Service Committee desires to lay this mat- 
ter upon the earnest attention and faith of every member 
o f the Church of the Brethren. Pra~y that the basis of 
settlement, established in the present case, may be just and 
right to all, and that justice and peace for the future may 
be secured. W. J. Swigart, Chairman. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1919 



other well-known objectionable things. Destructive as 
they are to mankind, physically and otherwise, they well 
deserve a like fate. 

The World's Sunday School Convention 
With the Restoration of peaceful conditions throughout 
the world, it may be possible to arrange for the World's 
Sunday School Convention in Tokyo, Japan, originally 
scheduled for 1916, but deferred on account of the war. 
Officials of the World's Sunday School Association re- 
cently convened in New York, and a message of inquiry 
was sent to the Sunday-school workers of Japan, asking 
them to name the date when the Convention is to be held. 
Meanwhile detailed plans are developing for this great 
gathering of the Sunday-school forces of the world. It is 
justly regarded as a supreme opportunity to present the 
claims of Christianity for the most advantageous consider- 
ation of the Oriental world. » 

Silence and Desolation 
An American newspaper correspondent, who recently 
visited the battle-scarred areas of France and Belgium, re- 
ports that an uncanny silence now broods over that vast 
scene of desolation. He describes it as the strangest land- 
scape the world has ever seen. As far as the eye can 
sweep the horizon, there are ruined villages, blasted woods, 
shell-torn and pitted fields. Circling over the great area 
of horror and destruction are great flocks of crows and 
vultures. The picture is strongly suggestive of "the end 
of all things." A few villagers are beginning to creep back 
to -their former homes,— now naught but a mass of ruins. 
But the rigors of the winter must pass before any recon- 
struction on a large scale can be attempted. 

Profiteering on Child Labor \ 
Recent findings by the Government's Child Labor Com- 
mittee indicate that more than 910 children between six 
and ten years of age. are working in five industrial plants 
in North Carolina, — so far as investigations have been 
made. Those in the cotton mills work regularly on eleven- 
hour shifts. These industries are presided over by two 
men who. solemnly had assured Congress that without a 
Federal law North Carolina would protect her own chil- 
dren. " The Charlotte Observer," a newspaper of that 
State, naively states that "cotton manufacturers exclude 
five-year-old workers from their mills, and that children 
of six to ten are employed ONLY eleven hours a day." 
Note the " only," and then do your part to have Congress, 
by a strong enactment, protect the child workers of the 
nation against the profiteers. 

Facts That Tell Their Own Story 
Already North Dakota is reaping some of the favorable 
results of entering the prohibition fold. Its State peniten- 
tiary now has only about 100 inmates, and if this most de- 
sirable decrease of convicts continues, that State will soon 
take steps to quarter the few remaining prisoners in some 
other institution. Another phase of prohibition economics 
is reported fr6m the State of Oregon. One of the great 
plants, formerly used as a brewery, is now manufacturing 
furniture, and another one is engaged in the manufacture 
of shoes. In former years Oregon had to send to Michigan 
for its furniture, and for -more than seven decades had to 
buy its shoes in far-off Boston. Now the two brewery 
plants, instead of being a curse to the people are proving 
to be real blessings. 

that large accessions will be gained by the Socialists if the 
United States rules against the manufacture, sale and use 
of intoxicants. It will be seen from "the above that the 
temperance workers have to deal with a thoroughly 
aroused and most determined foe. It is to be a fight t'o the 
finish, and unlimited sums of money will be made use of 
to achieve their ends. This is a direct challenge to every 
temperance worker in the United States. "The King's 
business requireth haste." Let it not be said that the 
manufacturers of strong drink are more active and self- 
sacrificing than the children of light I 

Pastoral Helpers 
More and more is the fact being recognized in congre- 
gational circles throughout the land that a pastor should 
not and need not do all the pastoral work that requires 
attention. He can not manage all of it, to begin with, and, 
furthermore, it would -not be wise to attempt the task, 
granting that he were able. A Dayton pastor, we under- 
stand, has formed an association of workers, known as 
■' Pastoral Helpers." Regular monthly meetings are held 
b> this body. This association has a president, secretary 
and a corps of district workers. The latter visit new mem- 
bers, distribute literature, take subscriptions for the church 
paper and attend to whatever other work may have to be 
looked after. No task is too menial, and none is too 
large. The plan has great possibilities. 

Archaeologists Still at Work 
New discoveries have recently been made among the 
ruins of Nineveh, bringing to light an entirely new lot of 
tablets. According to the records on the tablets, they date 
back to a period more than 2,000 years before Christ. Be- 
sides the historical data there are also crude pictorial repre- 
sentations. One of these pictures presents the flood, as 
the designer would have conceived it, had he read the Bi- 
ble account. The stories of the early days of the race 
must have been commonly-circulated household tales of 
Chaldea, four thousand years ago. These tablets also 
show accurate representations of "The Temptation of 
Adam and Eve," "The Serpent." "The Apple Tree and 
a number of other Scriptural scenes. All told, they faith- 
fully attest to the absolute authenticity of the Bible. 

Poison Gas to Be Sunk in the Ocean 

According to a recent report, the Government is going 
to take sixty-eight million dollars' worth of poison gas 
out to sea in iron tanks, drop it into the water, and let 
it sink to the bottom. Only thus can it be safely de- 
posed of This gas had been manufactured by order of 
the War Department for the Allied spring drive, and 
would have constituted the greatest gas offensive of the 
war, bringing death to thousands and laying waste vast 
stretches of soil. It was recently learned that in some 
way the proposed invasion of Germany, as above referred 
to came to the knowledge of the Central Powers, and 
made the German peace delegates exceedingly anxious to 
sign the Armistice. While such an absolute destruction 
of the poison gas, whatever its original cost, is the only 
safe way of escaping its evil effects, we are wondering if 
a like summary procedure might not be applicable to 

The Passing of Theodore Roosevelt 
Just after closing the columns of our last issue, on Mon- 
day, Jan. 6> the sad tidings of Col. Theodore Roosevelt's 
departure were heralded far and wide by the daily press. 
He died at his home at Sagamore Hill, N. Y., at the age of 
sixty years. For seven years he was President of our 
great nation, -discharging tfie important duties assigned 
him with great faithfulness and skill. He was a consistent 
exponent of the "strenuous life," doing with his might 
whatever he conceived to be his duty. It is generally con- 
ceded that his death came at a time when his country could 
least spare his services. His intimate friend, Major Gen- 
eral Leonard Wood, paid this tribute to the departed one: 
" Unselfish loyalty, honest and fearless criticism, have al- 
ways characterized the life and work of Theodore Roose- 
velt, and he lived and worked always for his country's best 


The President in*he Pulpit 
It was thoroughly characteristic of the nation's Chief 
F.xecutive that, with filial regard for his ancestors, he 
should, during his stay in England, visit the old Congre- 
gational church at Bristol, where his mother's father, 
Thomas Woodrow, was pastor from 1820 to 1835. That 
the President complied with the urgent request to enter 
the pulpit and to address the congregation at the place 
where his mother spent her girlhood days, is as pleasing 
to Americans as it was unusual for the English. We quote 
a brief section from the address: " It is from quiet places 
like this, all over the world that the forces are accumu- 
lated that presently will overpower any attempt to accom- 
plish evil on a great scale. . . . Out of communities like 
these come streams that fertilize the conscience of men, 
and it is the conscience of the world we now mean to place 
upon the throne." ■ 

Jerusalem Gives Thanks 
When British forces took possession of the City of 
David, they did not content themselves with the glory of 
that achievement, however remarkable it was, but they also 
took steps to supply the city with greatly-needed modern 
conveniences. Surveyors were detailed to look into the 
question of supplying the ancient city with clean, fresh 
water. Repairing some of the old aqueducts, dating back 
to the time of Solomon, and adding a complete system of 
piping, they soon secured an ample supply of water, in- 
voking, thereby, the profound gratitude of all the citizens. 
The installation of a sewer system is also making good 
progress, and has done much to eliminate diseases. Fully 
10,000 of the people have been given work on the streets 
and roads in and about the city, and the result of this is 

most gratifying. 

Seventy Thousand Industrial Casualties Annually 
Justly the entire world looks with horror upon those 
who brought the late war upon us, since, for every million 
men, mobilized upon European battle-fields, there resulted 
an annual casualty list of 50,000. But shall we, as Chris- 
tians, be oblivious to the still more appalling fact that for 
every million men, women and children, mobilized for 
service in the industrial establishments of our land, there 
is a casualty list of 70,000 each year? At first glance it 
would hardly seem possible that such inexcuiable condi- 
tions should prevail, but reliable statistics assure us of the 
truthfulness of the statement. While safety measures are 
demanded by the authorities, in many cases they are not 
wholly complied with by the employers. The desire for 
increased output and larger gains arc too often allowed to 
militate against the proper safeguarding of human lives. 

Why Girls Go Astray 
Social workers are still struggling with the old problem 
of devising best ways and means of preventing and over- 
coming the social evil. A leading worker among delinquent 
girls of the United States assures us thai the number of 
new girls who take the first step in the downward path is 
at least 60,000 a year. That means 5,000 a month, 1,200 a 
week, 165 a day, seven every hour, one in every eight min- 
utes. They come from every walk of life, but probably 

not more than one in ten of the girls enters a life of shame of a heathcn cu i t 
by her own choice. Some of the reasons why girls go 
astray, are summed up in the following: (1) Lack o^f proper 
home instruction in morals and in sex relations. (2) Im- 
proper environments, where suggestive and corruptive con- 
versation sows the seeds of unlawful desires. (3) Induce- 
ments held out by men of evil design, promising promo- 
tion in business, and even a possible marriage. 

The Crafty Buddhist Missionaries 
Fifty yca^s ago no one would have predicted the pos- 
sibility or probability of Buddhist missionaries endeavor- 
ing to gain a foothold in the principal cities of the United 
States. From recent reports, however, it is quite ap- 
parent that these emissaries and propagandists are not 
only here in considerable numbers, but it is also evident 
that they are fully determined to make their work count 
in every way possible. In most instances they have 
brazenly adapted the Christian hymnology to their own 
system of worship, using the tunes as we know them, 
but changing the wording to suit their idolatrous be- 
lief. Thus, instead of singing, " O, for a thousand 
tongues to sing my dear Redeemer's praise," they para- 
phrase the latter part to "My holy Buddha's praise." 
And so they proceed to do with many other hymns, 
sacred and dear to us by their association with sanctuary 
services for many years. It seems most distressing to 
see these old-time songs prostituted to the furtherance 

Prayer as an Adjuster of Difficulties 
From a recent issue of the " Missionary Review of the 
World " we glean 

ticulars of an incident that shows 
most admirably the power of prayer in the adjustment of a 
perplexing situation. In a mission station in India, a dis- 
agreement among the native workers threatened great 
harm to the work, and to cast reproach upon the cause of 
Christ. Finally matters assumed so serious a phase that 
an American missionary was prevailed upon to settle the 

^and'tCa. of ,1,000.000,00, and decide, ..he dry f^^^Zt^ Z %?£%£ 

forces in every State of the Union and also befo e the cto«* »eteM ct ^^ aqoroached lhe tenl , rea<ly 
United States Supreme Court. Questions never before 

A Challenge to the Temperance Hosts 

Three hundred distillers of the United States met in 

Chicago Jan. 7, pooled their interests, amounting to a 

,ised in the country's history will be put up to the Su- 
preme Court. One is the constitutionality of the Constitu- 
tional Amendment itself, which aims at a dry nation. The 
highest court of the nation will be asked to pass on the 
question as to whether thirty-six or any number of States, 
■ can impose a rule of personal conduct on other States that 
are not included in the combine. Another point to be 
raised is. whether the Federal Government can force a 
State to surrender its inherent right to handle exclusively 
matters that pertain to the personal liberty right of the in- 
dividual citizen of a State. The distillers, while admitting 
during their convention that the Prohibition Amendment 
will receive the indorsement of the thirty-six States, are 
taking steps by which the fight will be earned on ,n the 
courts Mr. Levy Mayer, chief attorney of the distillers, 
has been instructed not to spare any expense, as long as 
the billion dollars hold out. It is to be one of the biggest 
legal fights in the nation's history. A number of techni- 
calities "—the bane of honest enforcement of judicial de- 
cisions.-will also be urged. The distillers further claim 

me side of the controversy approached I 
to state their side of the case. Looking into the tent, and 
seeing the missionary engaged in prayer, they quietly 
withdrew A later visit showed him still praying. The 
other contestants in the controversy next drew nigh, and 
found the situation of affairs precisely as their opponents 
had discovered it. Successive visits, stealthily made, re- 
vealed the missionary still absorbed in his protracted sea- 
son of prayer. Thus the visits went on until, at last, both 
parties happened to meet at the tent simultaneously. Then 
it was that thev discovered the missionary even more de- 
voutly engaged in prayer, for he was prostrate on the 
ground. So great was the influence of the missionary s 
praver upon his little audience that a great conviction of 
wrong-doing smote, all participants in the quarrel. Peni- 
tcntlv they confessed to one another, their hearts deeply 
stirred. Forgiveness was sought and given, and their 
troubles vanished. The reconciled Christians then with- 
drew to wait for their missionary friend. The latter, how- 
ever, after taking down his tent, quietly went away. Hu 
task was done. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1919 




S ' 







poi ^ 

g r 4 








The Old Home 

The house is standing, but 'tis empty now 
And still as death itself, save when the mice 
Go scampering o'er the rotten floors, in search 
Of food which is not there, but which once was 
When Ann her pantry stored with tempting sweets 
That sometimes mice with but two legs would steal. 
No merry voices ring throughout the halls, 
And in the open grate no fire burns, 
Though cold the day, and snow upon the ground. 
The old gate swings on broken hinge, and creaks 
With mournful sound, while I stand here before 
Our home, where once we lived and loved and did 
Not dream of separation, — which will come 
To all. Do I heboid the light shine out, 
As once it shone in years long gone? No, 'tis 
The sun's reflection on those broken panes. 
Would my reflections were as bright, and yet, 
My heart is thankful such a home has been. 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

. ■»■- 

A Revival of Family Worship 


" And thou shaft teach them diligently unto thy chil- 
dren, nnd shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine 
house. . - ■ And thou shalt write them upon the posts 
of thy house, and on thy gates" (Deut. 6: 7, 9). 

Thus spoke the Lord God unto his peopte con- 
cerning his commandments in the former times, and 
because they neglected his precepts, they came into 
an evil way. The proper consideration of these things 
in the home would have constituted worship, or would 
have led to worship. We can easily see what God's 
desire was. He always knew what he desired to ac- 
complish by any commandment of his. He knew that 
the reading of the Word would have a helpful influence 
upon the people. The spiritual discussion of Bible 
truth is always helpful to the righteous man. Then, 
too, connected with the study of God's Word is the 
institution of prayer. How strengthening, uplifting 
and enlarging is (prayer! 

It must have been a pleasing sight to God, to have all 
his people gather the family together and spend time 
reading his commandments and teaching them ,to 
those who were growing up. Had Israel continued to 
do this there would have been no captivity, but the con- 
tinuance of a nation as a blessing to the whole world. 

Those fortunate enough to have been reared in a 
home where the family altar was established, remember 
with pleasure the blessed experience of the hour of 
devotion. At the close of the day, or perhaps before 
the work of the day was begun, — in some homes at 
both times, — the family was called together. Any 
hired help or visitors in the home were included in this 
worshiping circle. Even now, w r hen *you recall those 
sacred experiences, you are moved by the remembrance 
of them. That old family Bible is sacred to the mem- 
ory of some who long ago have left us. Sometimes a 
hymn was sung in connection with the reading. After 
this the entire family knelt, and the father poured forth 
earnest petitions, praise and thanksgiving to God in 
behalf of that united family. As the children went 
out into life, one by one, these prayers would follow 
them in strong petition, that they might be kept in the 
way of righteousness. How our hearts were united 
in those petitions! What lasting benefit came to all 
who thus engaged ! Shall these benefits and pleasures 
be denied the coming generations? 

Judging from what others say, and what we our- 
selves have discovered, the family altar is greatly 
neglected at the present time. If we were to seek the 
reason for this we would find various excuses. Let us 
hope that our own people have not gone so far away 
that there is no hope of returning. The daily worship 
of the family should not be neglected. God's blessings ' 
have always rested upon it. How sad that this inspir- 
ing practice should be lost sight of! We fail to count 
familv devotions of first importance and let other 
things step in their way. So, once in a while, we for- 
get and after a time it becomes rather easy to drop 
it all together. When the family worship is gone, 

much of the private devotion will soon go with it. 
Further, may we not say that the reason why it is so 
hard to maintain the weekly prayer meeting is due to 
the fact that there is so little worship in the home. Too 
many homes lost entirely that which did so much in 
moulding their lives when they were in the homes of 
their parents. 

There is some hope that the practice of observing 
the " Morning Watch " may lead us back again to 
the family altar. It is a splendid practice within itself, 
and if it should restore family worship, as well as es- 
tablish the secret prayer vigil, it would be doubly 

If prayer becomes an habitual experience in the 
Christian's life it will naturally become his vital breath. 
If God had a more definite place in our inner lives, he 
would be restored to his rightful place at the family 
altar about the fireside. He would likewise have again 
his place of power in the prayer service of the church. 
When family worship is properly kept up, men and 
women will not need to be urged to attend the weekly 
prayer meeting. When those who have learned to 
enjoy the prayer hour in their homes, press earnestly 
into the weekly prayer meeting, it will again become 
the power of God in the living church. Let us not 
forget Jesus' words : " Greater things than these shall 
ye do." 

In the words of another, on this important subject: 
" It has a natural foundation and reason, in the unity 
of the family, the close and tender relations of the 
household, and the sanctity and love of the Christian 
home; suggesting and inviting the family acknowledg- 
ment of mercies and petitions fof Divine presence 
and blessing. Upon the family altar, continued through 
the ages, has always rested the blessing of God. It 
honors God, the Giver of all good, the Source of all 
happiness. It makes the home a sanctuary of God's 
dwelling. It binds the household together in a more 
hallowed love. It pleads the grace of covenant prom- 
ise. It instructs and unites all hearts in the truth 
and love of Christ. It builds a wall of defense against 
error and evil of the world around us. It bears wit- 
ness of God, our Savior, to the stranger within our 

What home training are our young folks getting in 
the exercise of religion? Do we ever asjc our chil- 
dren to exercise in prayer in the home? How can we 
do this when we have no prayer 1 hour? What can we 
expect of them when they should become the pillars 
of the church? Shall the church of the future be 
a praying church? But how if we do not do our duty 
in our homes, will there be a future church? 

We are now starting out on the " Five-year For- 
ward Movement." We have a large work before us. 
There is no one who can not find something to do. 
Are we in real earnest about the matter? How much 
of a place shall prayer have in this matter? "The 
effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth 
much." Yes, some one must do heavy labor for 
Christ, but let us not lose sight of the place of prayer 
in this work. If you feel that you can not do much 
work, train in Christ's school of prayer. Build up the 
broken down family altars. 

May I point you to a vision? The Church of the 
Brethren, — a united church in this matter. What a 
power if, during the next five years, every member 
would engage in daily private devotion alone with 
God, if, in every home, the family altar would be 
erected, if, in every church, the weekly prayer meet- 
ing would be flourishing! If this body of people 
in dead earnest, having cleansed themselves of sin, 
were to prostrate themselves before their God,, plead- 
ing for strength, wisdom and power, what might not 
be accomplished! The family altar must play a large 
part in this victory for Christ. 

Astoria, III. 

The Best Things We Can Give 


Peter's words to the lame man at the Gate Beau- 
tiful convey to us a message qf the best things we can 
give today. The great needs of life do not require silver 
and gold, and that is fortunate, for many of us do not 

have the silver and gold to meet the demands of chari- 

The deepest poverty is soul poverty. The greatest 
need is spiritual need. The crudest hunger is heart 
hunger. If we are rich in spiritual wealth, — rich in 
the things of God, — we can give that which the mil- 
lionaire, who has nothing but silver and gold, can never 

The most pitiable beggars are those who are living 
in luxury, — tempted, worried, suffering heartache and 
ingratitude and disappointment. They are living with- 
out hope, having never laid hold of the Promised One, 
hungering for kindness, sympathy, love, and appre- 
ciation, — longing for some one who cares. The call for 
help comes to us from these splendid, gloomy man- 
sions of the rich. Are we ready to bestow sympathy, 
kind deeds, encouragement, — spiritual alms? 

" They starve who have not love to bear them up: 
They freeze who know not Love's divine caress: 
The want of love! It gives life's bitterest cup its bitter- 

" Yet, lo! Love's voice, so long by strife kept dumb, 
Shall wake earth's millions with resistless call; 
I hear her cry: 'Hoi brother, sister, come! I claim you 
all.' " 

Ashland, Ohio. 

Sarah S. ITlIcry 

Sister Sarah S. Ullcry, nee Hildcrbrand, was born .Time II. 
1845, died July 28, 1018, at her home nt North Liberty. Ind.. 
iiged 73 years, 1 month and IT 
days. She united with the 
Church of the Brethren early in 
life. living faithfully until dentil. 
She was an active Sunday- 
school worker until age de- 
manded a rest. 

She was married to Stephen 
A. tilery Sept, 1. 186.1 Four 
daughters nnd one son eame to 
the home. The eldest daugh- 
ter preceded her mother Nov. 1, 
18SJS. The aged husband; three 
daughters, one son, eleven 
grandchildren, six great-grand- 
children, one sister, and two- 
brothers survive her. 

From a paralytic stroke. May 
lit, she never recovered. She 
was never nble to talk enough 
to express what was ou her 
mind. The Inst sixteen days 
she was confined to her bed, 
suffering more or less all the time, but enduring it patiently. 
She was anointed and very soon resigned to God's will. 

July 2S another stroke eame over her which. In her weakened 
condition, she was not able to resist, and within thirty minutes 
she had peacefully laid aside life's burden and fallen " asleep 
in Jesus." In accordance with her wishes, the funeral services 
were held at the home, Bro. H. B. Dickey in charge. Interment 
in the Fair Cemetery which, in her childhood, was a part of 
her father's farm. Iva Sollenberger. 

North Liberty, Ind. 

(Continued from Page 30) 
in famine times, were prices so high as now, wc hear. 
.Prices of certain grains and goods are several times the 
normal, and many things, formerly thought needful, are 
not obtainable at all. Railway cars for transporting grain 
from one province to another are often not obtainable, 
and the boats, too, seem to be employed in Government 
service, so that, at any rate, it is clear that a very hard 
winter is ahead of us/ The cry of real famine may be 
wired to you long before this reaches the homeland. 

A very dreadful malady, called " influenza," has been 
spreading over our Presidency during the last few months, 
Lately pneumonia develops along with it, and is proving 
very fatal. Daily now, in Bombay, a city of a million 
souls, some 500 to 700 deaths are reported. In Poona, a 
city of a little over 100,000, about 150 deaths are reported 
daily, and even village people are stricken down by it. 
As many as twenty and twenty-five deaths are reported on 
one train, in one trip, going from Bombay to Ahmedabad. 
310 miles. Years ago, when plague was at its worst, 
only from 300 to 400 died daily in Bombay. Two of our 
little girls and two women from our immediate com- 
munity were taken. Besides, this is the regular fever 
season. One of our better grade of teachers is seriously 
ill at Bulsar, just now. 

When all our teachers came in for their pay, we met 
for a Bible reading and prayer. All were reminded of the 
failure of the rains, the awful war in Europe, the soaring 
high prices of everything needful, and the unprecedented 
amount of sickness all about us. There was an evident 
softening of hearts, a feeling of utter helplessness, and 
need for reliance upon our Good God. Such an attitude 
does the suppliant good. In prosperity we are apt to 
forget him. In need and distress we have no other re- 
source, so we call upon him. It is given to us, not only 
to bfrlieve on his name but also to suffer for his sake. 
Whettfer hard times- or good days be ahead of us, we are 
earnestly praying for great blessing in the Master's vine- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1919 


To him be the praise and 
1. S. Long. 

yard this touring season, 

Vyara, India. • • ■ 

During the year 1918 the Unity congregation has en- 
joyed many spiritual feasts. During the month of May 
Bro. S. I. Bowman, of Harrisonburg, Va„ held a series 
of meetings for us at the Union Chapel house. There 
were four added to the church. 

During the month of July Sister Eva Trostle, of Chi- 
cago, visited among some of the churches in Virginia, 
giving her excellent talks to mothers and daughters on 
dress reform. We believe her visits did much good. 

In August Bro. C. G. Hesse, of Philadelphia, Pa., 
preached for us at the New Dale house for two weeks. 
The interest was good, and fifteen were added to the 
church. At our council meeting in August, Bro. John M. 
Roller was elected to the ministry. He is now in Bethany 
Bible School. 

Bro. Moy Gwong was with us during the latter part of 
August and gave several very interesting talks on the 
customs and life of the Chinese people. Bro. Ernest 
Wampler, our missionary to China, was with us the first 
of September and gave several interesting talks on mis- 
sions and mission study. ■ 
Owing to the inclemency of the weather, our Thanks- 
giving service was not very well attended. Bro. C. E. 
Nair gave us a helpful lesson. The collection amounted 
to $72.62 for World-wide Missions. Our love, feast, at 
the Fairview house, was fairly well attended by the home 
members, only a few from the adjoining congregations 
being present. The home ministers officiated. 
C. Hoover, of the Timberville church, was 
Sunday and gave an excellent sermon. 

Dec. 6, 7 and 8 a Sunday-school Institute was held at 
the New Dale house. Bro. Paul Bowman and Bro. Will- 
iar, of Bridgewater, gave some very helpful instructions. 
Because of the epidemic in our midst, we did not have 
any Christmas service. May God be praised for the many 
blessings that have come to us during the past year and 
may we enter the New Year with greater zeal! 

Anna R. Roller. 

He certainly is worthy of the increased confidence that is 
being placed in him. 

Addresses were also given by Eld. A. U. Berkley, of 
Johnstown, Eld. C. Walter Warstler, of Pittsburgh, and 
District Sunday-school Secretary, F. B. Statler. Mid- 
year meetings of the Mission poard, Peace Committee, 
Ministerial Board, and Sunday-school Board were held 
also, — the latter having charge of one period on the 
program. M. Clyde Horst, Secretary. 

Johnstown, Pa. 

with us on 


Christmas Day brought cheer and gladness to every 
member of the Home. At 8 A. M. all the old people, 
children and helpers assembled in the large sitting-room, 
where the children sang several songs, after which ap- 
ples, oranges and candy were distributed among the older 
brethren and sisters. The children then returned to their 
own house, to receive their treat. Three of the leading 
merchants of the city furnished the fruit and candy. The 
New Carlisle Sunday-school and the Sunshine Class of 
the Trotwood Sunday-school donated to our children 
books, dolls and toys,— such as make glad the hearts of 
little children. This class has, for a number of years, 
brought sunshine to the little people of the Home on 
Christmas Day. The Price's Creek Sisters' Aid Society 
donated a comforter, which is very acceptable these cold 
winter nights. The President of the Board of Trustees 
presented us with a hundred pounds of whole wheat 
flour. A week before Christmas individual boxes be- 
gan to arrive at the Home, some members receiving a 
number of them. Almost every one was remembered by 
. some special friends. _ 

May the Lord richly reward all those who assisted in 
bringing cheer and happiness into the Home! At this 
time we have twenty-three old people, five brethren and 
eighteen sisters. The oldest is ninety-two and the young- 
est forty-eight. We have thirteen children, three boys 
and ten girls, ranging in age from one year to fourteen. 
Every member of the Home was well and able to partake 
of a bountiful Christmas dinner and to enjoy the blessings 
of the day. Sarah E " 

Greenville, Ohio. 


We have had difficulties, but West Dayton is now look- 
ing forward to greater activities. Every one is putting his 
shoulder to the wheel and cooperation is the watchword. 
We are still working at some disadvantage, because of 
the influenza, but indications point to improvement and 
we pray God that it may soon end. 

Thanksgiving Day a very inspiring sermon was given 
by Rev. Love. A general offering of $41 was taken for 
the City Mission. Our communion was held in the eve- 
ning, Bro. Warner officiating. The attendance was not 
large, because of sickness, but it was a real inspiration 
to be there. An offering of $57 was taken at this service. 
Sunday. Dec. 1, Bro. Homer Bright, a returned mis- 
sionary from China, gave an interesting illustrated talk on 
the great work being accomplished by the missionaries 
in China. An offering of $18.50 was taken for foreign 

The classes in teacher-training and home missions are 
proving very interesting, under the able instruction of the 

The regular annual election was held Dec. 5. Bro. 
Harry McPhcrson was elected superintendent. A col- 
lection of $20.49 was taken for foreign war sufferers. 
The money will be given to our committee who has this 
matter in charge. , 

Sunday evening, Dec. 22, the young people rendered a 
cantata under the able direction of Rev. L. A. Wcimcr. 
The theme of the Christ-child ran through the entire 
service. Lieut. Homer also gave a very interesting talk. 
West Dayton is heartily in favor of the Forward Move- 
ment, though we think the standard should have been set 
even higher. If ever aij opportunity presented itself, ■• 

never faced a m 
promising I .lure." Every minister and worker should 
be abreast of the times,-up and doing. The need of 
soul-emancipation Is paramount. Our constant aim should 
be to bring souls to Jesus. If we pray more, if we are 
earnest and sincere, surely the Lord will bless our efforts 
for good. May we not start the New Year w.lh a firmer 
determination to bring more 
thought should be ever present in our mi 
Lord Jehovah help us to that end! N 

two deacons. The selection was unanimously in favor 
of Brethren A. B. Crist and D. E. Smith. They, with 
their wives, were duly installed the same evening, 

Sunday morning, Dec. 22, Bro. B. F. Masterson, of 
Long Beach, gave a very interesting illustrated talk to 
the children. Sunday morning, Dec. 29. Bro. Otto Min- 
nich preached for us. 

Our pastor, Bro. R. H. Miller, has accepted a call to be- 
come the. pastor of the church and College at La Verne, 
Cal. Although we feel the loss keenly, yet we are glad 
to make the sacrifice, knowing that Bro. Miller is enter- 
ing a field 'of much larger opportunities, and that he will 
have a congregation whose assets are unlimited. There 
arc lew young men who possess the rare and noble 
Cbristifn characteristics of Bro. Miller, and we feel sure 
that his future will be one of much usefulness to the 
church. He labored with us just eighteen months, and 
during that time our congregation made a marked im- 
provement in every way. We held two revivals, during 
which twenty-one were baptized, one restored and twen- 
ty-one received by letter. Thirteen were granted letters. 
All of our indebtedness was paid during the past year, 
and we are looking forward hopefully to the work of the 
new year. Lena Irene Swank. 

1156 East Forty-fifth Street, Los Angeles, Cal., Jan. 2. 

No doubt the year 1918, as it closes, will go down on 
the pages of history as having eclipsed all other years 
in human suffering and in devastation. It has witnessed 
shattered and crushed homes, lamentation and weeping, 
because fathers, mothers and children have gone down 
through the Valley of the Shadow of Death. It occurs 
to the writer that it might go on record as the " death 
year." No tongue will ever tell, nor pen describe the dep- 
rivations and the sorrows our country has been forced 
to endure. Hence it exceeds, in significance, any year in 
the annals of our country. 

But the old year has, now closed, with all its carnage, 
ravages, ordeals, plagues and epidemics. Why should 
we mourn and weep, as the apostles did, when the sun 
was shrouded in darkness, when the people felt the earth 

miake and shake, and when they heard Jesus cry out: 

" My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" Then 

The Church of "the Brethren never faced imort ^ [oved oncs saw him , aken down f rmn the cross and 

placed in the sepulcher. The door was closed with a 
great stone and the seal of the governor was placed 
. upon it. 

Reader, can you imagine the gloom, the sorrow and 
darkness that hung, as a great pall, over the world at 
that momentous time? But thanks be to God, that, 
amidst all that gloom and commotion, while the people 
were vet agonizing by reason of the great sacrifice it 
required to redeem a lost world, God sent an angel down 
on the third morning. The seal was broken and the stone 
PROM WEST MANCHESTER CHURCH, INDIANA rol | cd | )ack , thnt the Savior of the world might come forth 

Sunday-school and arise, triumphant over death, hell and the grave. 

souls to Christ? That 
lids. May the 
B. Wine. 

Because of the influenza 
■and preaching services have 
for the last three months. 

Bro William Buckley, of Bradford, Ohio, was to have 
been present at our love feast, appointed for Oct. 12, and 
to begin our scries of meetings the next day, but as there 
was a State-wide ban on all public gatherings, our meet- 
ings were deferred indefinitely. 

W- again attempted to begin our series of meetings 
3ro. Buckley was present and gave us two good 


to abandon all 




The eighth Bible Institute of Western Pennsylvania, 
held in the Scalp Level church Dec. 31, 1918. to Jan. 
3 1919 was the best one for several, years. Notwith- 
standing the influenza situation, the attendance was nor- 
mal, and the interest keen and appreciative. The char- 
acter of the regular work given was of a very high order. 

Eld Galen B. Royer, Professor of Missions at Juniata 
College gave most excellent instruction in "Missions," 
" Sunday-school Pedagogy," and " General Church Econ- 
omy " Because of his wide experience in missionary 
activities and foreign travel, as well as in general church 
work, he has a message such as few, if any, in our Broth- 
erhood can give. . 

Dr Paul H. Bowman, Professor of Biblical Literature 
and Theology at Bridgewater College, and President- 
elect of that institution, lectured on the first eleven chap- 
ters of Genesis, and the epistles of Paul to Philemon 
and to the Philippians. This was his second visit to 
Western Pennsylvania, and he has a standing invitation 
to come again. His work is unusually rich and practical. 

been greatly interfered with The gloom was dispersed and the dark clouds gave way 
been greatly ^ ^ ^ ^ Righ(eousness who arose .. wlth healing in 

bis wings." to give new life. The world radiated with his 

e/lory and love. 

Thus we see that there was, so to speak, a new world 
ushered in. This is the new world or kingdom that 
Isaiah saw: "And the ransomed of the Lord shall return, 
and conic to Zion with songs and everlasting joy upon 
their heads: they shall obtain joy and gladness, and sor- 
row and sighing shall flee away" (Isa. 35: 10). 

And now, as 1919 dawns upon our country, should we 
not realize that we are standing at the sunrise of a new 
era that will largely revolutionize our country? We 
will be confronted with many new ideas, issues, prob- 
lems and possibilities. The writer believes that the 
Church of the Brethren should awake to her great pos- 
sibilities and adapt herself to those conditions, that she 
may move forward in the great mission of evangelizing 
the world and receive the great harvest that awaits her 
in the future. . 

These thoughts were brought to the mmd of the writer 
as Day, as he sat alone in his home, eatir 

sermons, but the church thought it wise 
services, as influenza conditions were becoming serious. 
For about three weeks,, following Dec. 1, there were 
scores of cases,-in several instances whole families bc- 
sick with the disease. But the Lord has blessed our 
these afflictions, there being only a few 

egular services Dec. 29, hoping that 
e the work. Bro. Russel Weller, 
the fore- 

church even 

We resumed our 
we may be able to continu 
of Copemish, Mich., preached a good sermon 
noon Our last quarterly council of 1918 was not held 
until Jan. 2. The business of the meeting was disposed 
of very pleasantly. A full corps of officials for 1919 was 
elected with Eld. I. B. Book in the chair. 

The church decided to hold a series of meetings some 
time in the spring, and hopes to secure the help of Bro. 
Buckley Today, with an attendance of 105, the Sunday- 
school raised an offering of $162.42 for the Armenian 

Calvin F. 
Ind., Jan. 5. 

North Manchester. 


Our services were discontinued from Oct. 6 to Dec_ 8. 
of the prevailing epidemic of influenza. The 
lifted, the offering for 

on account 

first Sunday after the ban was 

Sunday morning. Dec. 15, 

foreign missions was $103.62. 

we held memorial services for one of our Sunday-school 

pupils, who died with influenza. - , 

Friday evening, Dec. 13, was our regular business meet- 
ing for the election of officers for the coming year. Bro. 
Geo F. Chemberlen met with us in a special council on 
Wednesday evening, Dee. 18, for the purpose of electing 

on Christmas - 

a scanty, cold dinner. The only warm thing he had was 
a cup of hot water. There was no one to express a word 
of cheer or comfort, except " George." the pet cat. Think- 
ing of the gloom that had come into our home and coun- 
try my heart filled with sadness. My eyes were brim- 
ming with tears, but as I further meditated a ray of 
cheer came into my heart. I thought of the twelve 
series of meetings in which I had the privilege of labor- 
ing and the 216 sermons preached during the year. 1 
called to mind the 453 visits made in our evangelistic work 
in homes where we tried to talk about Jesus and his love, 
and then worshiped with the family. While many of our 
young men were being called to the service of the Stars 
and Stripes, we had the joy of seeing quite a number en- 
list under the blood-stained banner of King Emmanuel. 
" From victory unto victory 

His nrmy shall he lead. 
•Till ovcrv foe Is vaiiamshetl 

And Christ Is Lord indeed." 
The writer is greatly interested and pleased with what 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1919 














has been announced as the " Five-year Movement." In 
order to make this movement a grand success, we should 
strive to make a long step during 1919. And this could be 
done if all the money spent by the members of the 
church for "the lust of the flesh and the lust of the eyes 
and the pride of life," were given for the extension of 
Christ's Kingdom. "Wherefore, lay apart all filthiness 
and superfluity of naughtiness and receive with meek- 
ness" the "whole armour of God, that ye may be able" 
to go forth to meet our great possibilities in the new 
fields that arc opening to us. 

The writer has decided to continue the evangelistic 
work for 1919, and is ready to consider calls from con- 
gregations that may desire his services. As there are 
already a number of calls, I would suggest that you 
write soon, so that I may arrange for the meeting, stat- 
ing time, etc. 

In closing, I want to thank the dear brethren and sis- 
ters and friends for their kindness and encouragement. 
May the grace of God and the communion of the Holy 
Spirit be with you all till we shall meet again. 

Bristow, Va. . , , . J. F. Britton. 


The work here has prospered under the pastorate of 
Bro. H. A. Brubaker and wife. In a city the size of Akron, 
where the membership is large and greatly scattered, it 
is no small task to care for the flock. We have members 
in East Akron, Cuyahoga Falls, Kenmore, Barberton and 

During the year, thirty-three were received by baptism, 
and two pastoral letters were sent out to each member of 
the church. Nine anointing services were hejd. At the 
present time God is graciously raising up some of our 
number, Only one member has been claimed by death. 

The Sim day-school attendance may fall a little below 
that of the previous year, but the offerings have been lar- 
ger. Two classes are each supporting a native worker on 
the field, two classes of boys and girls are jointly sup- 
porting an orphan in India, and two young ladies' classes 
Contributed $30 towards purchasing Christmas gifts for 
the India Orphanage. ' We had the " white gift " Christ- 
mas service again this year, — the children contributing 
$30 worth of staple groceries which were given to nine 
needy families. The older ones gave $60 for Armenian and 
Syrian Relief. 

A Junior Christian Workers' Society has been organized 
and is doing excellent work under the direction of Bro. 
Theo. Brumbaugh. They rendered a Christmas program 
on Sunday evening before Christmas, and also gave one 
number in the morning exercises. During the past year 
the Senior Christian Workers supported a native worker 
in China, a bed in the China hospital, and donated $100 to 
furnish the dispensing and dressing room of the Hospital. 

Eighteen of our young men were called to the colors, 
and seven of them were overseas. One was in trench 
service for sixty-four days and received a wound in the 
knee from shrapnel. He has been returned to the United 
Stales and will soon be with us again. 

Jan. 4 we met in business meeting, with Eld. A. F. 
Shrivcr presiding. Five letters were received and one was 
granted. The church decided to retain our pastor for an- 
other year. On account of the epidemic Bro. A. I. Hee- 
stand did not conduct a series of meetings, as previously 
announced, but expects to begin them Jan. 11. 

Although our expenses were heavier this year than last, 
yet more was contributed to missions than ever before, 
and the year was closed with a surplus in the treasury. 
We attribute the success of the work here to the "much 
time spent in prayer," — five group meetings being held 
each week. May the Lord continue to use the band of 
Akron workers! Alice Tippy Klinger. 

63 Falls Street, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio, Jan. 7. 


The third biennial joint District Sunday-school Institute 
of the First and Southern Districts of Virginia was held 
in Roanoke Jan. 3 and 4. 

The committee had arranged a very choice program of 
four sessions. Elders Galen B. Royer, Virgil C. Finnell, 
and D. J. Lichty were the chief speakers. They are men 
of pleasing personalities, cultured minds, and well-ripened 
ic experience. 

Brethren T. S. Moherman. C. S. Ikenberry, Walter H. 
Kahle, and Sister Bessie Barnhart also contributed largely 
to the success of the Institute by their respective parts 
on the several programs. 

The meeting was under the immediate supervision and 
management of Brethren Ikenberry, Bowman, and others. 
In the business session the treasurer's report showed a 
balance of $564.72 cash on hand. An offering was then 
taken, making it $80 more. 

This District Institute has been supporting a mission- 
ary. Sister Rebecca S. Wampler. Brother and Sister Le- 
land Moomaw offered, of themselves, to support a mission-, 
ary in the foreign field. This beautiful offer of service was 
accepted by a rising vote of thanks. This offer so fired 
the Institute with enthusiasm that, on resolution, it was 
decided thus to support three missionaries in the foreign 

The Institute took the important step of sending a peti- 
tion to our General Peace Committee. The following re- 
port from the committee was offered and adopted: 

Inasmuch as the entire world, at present, Is deeply Interested 
In the establishment of a righteous and permanent peace; and 
Inasmuch as the decisions of the present World Peace Confer- 
ence nre to affect nil nations, we, the delegates of the joint Sun- 
dny-school Conference of the Southern and First Districts of 
Virginia, In Institute assembled this fourth day of January, 
1010, do hereby petition our General Peace Committee to take 
such Immediate steps as will tend to secure absolute liberty of 
religious conscience, so far as pence principles are concerned, 
to the citizens of all nations. 

Committee: D. C. Naff, E. E. Bowman, W. M. Kohle. 

The Institute was attended by a good delegation and 
more especially by a good local patronage. The general 
sentiment was that the Institute was a decided success. 

The Roanoke City church, in charge of Eld. P. S. Miller, 
opened their homes and their hospitable hearts to the 
eminent satisfaction of everybody. They took excellent 
care of the people. The Institute gave a rising vote of 
thanks to the Roanoke church. Mrs. J. H. Shickel. 

Roanoke, Va., Jan. 6. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country 

Glendale church met in council on New Year's Day, with Bro. 
Arnold presiding. Three letters were received and two were 
granted. The following officers were elected: Win. Piatt, elder; 
O. E. GUIett, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Harold Kurtz, 
president of Christian Workers' Meeting. Bro. Caslow, of 
Grand Rapids, Mich., will have charge of our series of meetings-, 
to be held about March 1, followed by n love feast. A teacher- 
training clnBS has been organized, with our pastor, Bro. C. W. 
Ronk, as teacher. — Emma T, Whiteher, Glendale, Ariz., Jan. 7. 



Chioo. — For four Sundays we were not permitted to have 
services on account of Influenza, but Nov. 24 we again were nl- 
lowed to meet for worship. Thanksgiving evening our pastor, 
Bro. C. E. Davie, gave ns a splendid sermon, nfter which an of- 
fering was taken. Dec. 14 we held our love feast. Bro. Blocher, 
of Rio Linda, officiated, and the next morning he gave us an 
excellent sermon. Dec. 20 we met in council. All church of- 
ficers were elected for the coming year. Sunday-school nnd 
Christian Workers' officers were elected for six months. Breth- 
ren Arnie Wright and G. W. Swisshelm were chosen super- 
intendents of Sunday-school, and Sister Grace Dnvls, Christian 
Workers' president. In Jnnunry our Sunday-school will take a 
special offering for relief work.— Sarah E. Rife, Chlco, Cal., Jan. 4. 

Pnsndona church met in council Dec. 31. All officers for the 
coming year were elected. Bro. W. E. Trostle was again chosen 
as our pastor. The ban having been lifted the second time, we 
nre thankful that we can assemble ngnin in God's house. We 
praise the Lord for his goodness to us and pray that this ter- 
rible plague may be stayed, nnd that our church work mny 
continue. — Mrs. Alice Vanlman, Pasadena, Cal., Jan. 2. 

Raisin chureh met in council Dec. 34, with a good attendance. 
Bro. J. Hnrman Stover presided. After the, reading of the 
minutes and hearing of committee reports, our pastor, Bro. A. 
O. Brubaker, was unanimously elected to the eldership. The or- 
dination service was conducted by Bro. Holsinger, of Laton, nnd 
Bro. Edgecomb, of Fresno. "Officers were elected for the com- 
ing year, with Brethren J. O. KIramel, J. E. Young and H. S. 
Sheller, trustees; church correspondent, the writer; Sunday- 
school superintendent, J. E. Young; president Christian Workers' 
Society, Sister Lottie Ross. The budget of expenses for the 
coming year was increased and the church decided to purchase 
a parsonage. The outlook for the coming year is very promising. 
On Christmas Eve an excellent program of music was given, 
which was much appreciated. An offering of $64.53 was lifted 
for Armenian and Syrian Relief. It was presented as a White 
Gift offering.— W. Harlan Smith, Raisin, Cal., Dec. 28. 

Wntcrford. — Like many other congregntions, we had to dis- 
continue our services for over a month on account of influenza. 
No deaths have resulted among our members. Thanksgiving 
evening we met In praise and prayer service. Christmas Eve we 
had a similar service. Our Christmas progrnm was rendered 
Dec. 20. We are very grateful for the interest that the children, 
especially those outside of our own denomination, took In mak- 
ing the service an enjoyable one. Dec. 26 we met in council, 
with Eld. Levi WInklebleck in charge. Church officers for the* 
coming year are: Brethren J. W. Deardorff nnd Levi WInkle- 
bleck, elders; Bro. R. M. Fike, clerk ond treasurer; Bro. Willie 
Dlnsmore, " Messenger " agent. Sunday-school officers were 
elected, with the writer as superintendent. Bro. Sam WInkle- 
bleck was elected president of the Christian Workers' Society. 
About half of our officers are young people, and we nre glad to 
see them take hold of the work. Our scries of meetings and our 
communion service have been postponed until spring. Dec. 20 
Bro. Wilbur Weiroer preached his first sermon on the subject of 
" Light,"— Hattie B. Denrdorff, Waterford, Cnl.,. Dee. 31. 

Snnta Ana congregation met in ceuncll Dec. 23, with E!d. S. 
G. Lehmer presiding. The following new officers were elected: 
S. G. Lehmer, elder; Sister Dorcas Wolford, president Christian 
Workers' Society; A. Klein Wolford. Sun day -school superin- 
tendent. We were glad to welcome Into our congregation Bro. 
S. M. Miller and family.— A. Klein Wolford, Santa Ana, Cal., Dec. 


Sterling church met in council Jan. 1, with Bro. Nickey pre- 
siding. Bro. Nickey was chosen elder for the year. Officers 
were elected, with Sister Ollie TJllery, clerk; Bro. D. B. Miller, 
Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Mary Countryman, church 
correspondent; Sister Alger, Christian Workers' president. Bro. 
Stutzmnn, of Burr Oak, Knns., will Irold a series of meetings 
for us, beginning Feb. 2. Our love feast will be held at the 
close of the meetings.— Mrs. C. W. Griffin, Sterling, Colo.,, Jan. 6. 


Moscow church met in council Dec. 21, with Eld. A. T. Mow 
presiding. The following officers were elected for the coming 
year: Bro. A. I. Mow, elder; Sister Snsie Mow, church clerk; 
Brethren Floyd Lyon and D. J. Montgomery, Sunday-sehoof 
superintendents; Sister Susie Mow, Christian Workers' president; 
the writer, church correspondent. This was the first meeting 
held since Oct. ft", on. account of the influenza. We expect to 
begin our regular services Jan. 5. Bro. Fred A. Flory is to- 
remain with us as pastor for the coming year, and we look 
forward to a prosperous year. On account of the epidemic, 
our revival, which was to be held by Bro. B. J. Fike in Janu- 
ary, will be postponed Indefinitely. — Arrio Lvon, Moscow, Idaho 
Dec. 31. 


Allison Prairie church met in council Dec. 28, with our eMer 
in charge. Bro. N. H. Millar waa r«gl«cted as elder for another 

year. Sunday-school and chureji officers were elected for the 
yenr, with the writer as superintendent of Snnday-school and 
also as one of the church trustees. Sister Miller was elected 
Christian Workers' president. It was decided to have Bro. 
Burton bold onr revival meeting in August. One has been re- 
claimed since the last report. — Ernest Fry, Lawrenceville, III.. 
Jan. 1. 

Coal Creek church (Canton House), tins just passed through 
a very interesting and profitable series of meetings, conducted 
by Bro. J". Edwin Jnrboe and wife, of Chicago. Sister Jarboe 
led the singing, which we appreciated very much. Thirty-three 
confessed Christ. The meetings closed Dec. 23 with a love 
feast. On account of influenza a number of the members could 
not be present. During these meetings a baptistry was installed 
in the church, nnd dedicnted. Sundny morning, Dec. 22, eighteen 
were baptized, and on Monday evening, before the feast, seven 
others were baptized. We feel that the meetings were a real 
success. — Susie Vansyckel, Canton, 111., 'Jan. 1. 

Decatur. — Our people rejoice to have Eld. J. W. Grater, of 
Nappanee, Ind., with us as pastor. He arrived Jan. 3, and Im- 
mediately took up the work which had suffered somewhat in 
not having any one in charge since last fall, when Eld. J. W. 
Lear and wife left ns to attend school. In spite of our handi- 
cap, however, several precious souls have cast their lot with us 
during the Interim, — one lady especially being marvelously led 
to our faith nnd practice through earnest prayer and a desire, 
on her part, to find a people who " earnestly contend " for thf> 
wh'ole "faith once delivered to the saints." Eld. W. T. Heck- 
man, of Cerro Gordo, filled our pulpit In a commendable mnnner 
for the past few months, supplying the speaker when he him- 
self was unable to be present. Bro. Heckmnn presided at our 
members* meeting, nt which time workers were appointed for 
various offices during 1010. We are glad for the presence of 
those in our midst who recently retired from active rural life. 
We extend a hearty welcome to any of our brethren and sisters 
Jo locnte with us, and enjoy the hallowed associations of Chris- 
tian service in our city. — Orley Glen Dnvis, 251 East Olive Street, 
Decatur, 111., Jan. 7. 

Dixon church met In regular business meeting on Monday 
evening, Dec. 30, Eld. John Heckman presiding. One letter of 
membership was received. Bro. Heckmnn was reelected as 
elder, and Brp. Thos. McWethy ns Sun tiny -school superintendent 
for the coming yenr. We held services on Thanksgiving Day, 
and had a basket dinner nt the church. An. offering of $34 
was lifted for the General Mission Board. A barrel nnd hox of 
provisions and some cash were sent to the Chicago mission. 
The Sunday-school pupils gave an Interesting program on Snn- 
day evening prior to Christmas. At this time a Christmas offer- 
ing wns lifted, amounting to $13.41 which, with the birthday 
offerings of $12.50, wns sent to the Rellen and Reconstruction 
Coirimittee. — Mrs. Ella M. Johnson, 215 Madison Ayenne, Dixon, 
111., Jan. 3. 

Hickory Grove. — There are only a few members here, but 
Sister Oanfield nnd myself have been placed here by the- 
Mission Board, to do the best we can to -build up the church. 
They tell us it was formerly a strong congregation nnd our 
only hope is that it may be so again. Our present Sunday- 
school force is such that we must use some teachers of other 
denominations.. We regret very much that, on account of fail- 
ing health. Sister Cronse can not continue her work In the 
Sunday-school. Our membership purchased a parsonage about 
one and a half miles from the church and paid about one- 
third of the purchase price. Our neighbors are helping to pay 
for it too. which shows that the people have a mind to 1 work. 
Sister Canfield ond I both received some very substantial Christ-.. 
mas gifts from our Sunday-school classes, which were appre- 
ciated very much. We crave the prayers of the churches that 
our work here mny bring the Christ into closer touch with the 
many that need him.— G. G. Ca*ufleld, Mt; Carroll, 111., Jan. 8. 

Kaska"kla. — Influenza has taken one, from our midst, — Sister 
Pearl Taylor. After eleven weeks we are glad to be permitted 
to go to the house of the Lord again. A, collection wns re- 
cently taken for Armenian and Syrian Relief.— Edith Eaglet on, 
Beecher City. II!.. Jan. 7. 

West Branch church met In council Jon. 2, with Eld. S. 3. 
Plum presiding. One letter was granted. Officers for the' com- 
ing year were elected, with Bro. Wm. H.. Cordell as superin- 
tendent of the Sunday-school. The Christian. Workers' officers 
nre the same as last year, Bro. S. S. PTnm was elected as 
elder and pastor for another year. We also elected a Missionary 
Committee. Onr evening meetings were discontinued for the 
present. None hove been taken from our number by Influenza, 
for which we are thankful.— Mary Fry, Polo, 111., Jan. 4. 


Baugo chureh met In council Jan. 4, with Eld. H. M. Schwaim 
presiding. Brethren Harvey Schwaim, Hiram Roose and Wm. 
Hess assisted. Two deacons were elected. Bro. H. S. Bowers 
has been elected elder for the year. We decided to hold our 
next series of meetings in October. The Sunday-school has been 
fully organized for the year, with Bro. Solomon Moyer as su- 
perintendent. The attendance has been ratheqajsmall. on account 
of the epidemic— Gletn Schwaim, Wnkanisa, Ind.. Jan. 7. 

Canton City church met in council Jan. 2, with Eld. Ira E. 
Long presiding. One has been received by letter since our last 
report. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected for 
1019. Bro. C. C. KIndy, of Nnpervllle, 111.-, was chosen elder 
nnd pastor, to take charge in March. Bro. Weybright and Sister 
Emley were chosen superintendents; Sister Rosella Shock, "Mes- 
senger" agent; Sister Grace Humbert, "Messenger" correspond- 
ent; Sister Rosetla Shock, Christian Workers' president. Our 
Sunday-school and church attendance has not been what we 
would* like, on account of the influenza. The ban was on for 
three weeks but now we nre having services again. Our Christ- 
mas exercises were postponed. We took an offering of $21.85 
for the Armenian and Syrian Relief. Our Sunday-school de- 
cided to support a French orphan. Some of our Sunday-school 
boys have returned from Camp, nnd others are expected soon. 
Our missionary, home department and Aid Society workers nre 
all busy. — Mrs. J. B. Bailey, Huntington, Ind., Jan. fl. 

Copper Creek church began a series of meetings Dec. 14. 
with Bro. Walter Gibson, of Goshen, Ind., ns evangelist. The 
church lias been built up and strengthened. The song service, 
in charge of Bro. Riley Kendall, of Topekn, Ind.. was enjoyed 
by nil. Five were baptized.. The meetings closed Jan. 5. Ar- 
rangements (were made for Brethren Gibson and Kendall to re- 
turn, nnd begin another series of meetings June 1. We ex- 
pect to bold the meetings in a tent, as our house is too small to 
accommodate the people. — Sherman Kendall, Bennetts Switch, 
Ind., Jan. 8. 

Elkhart Valley church met In council Dec. 28. Bro. Frank 
Krelder was again chosen elder. Other officers were aled elected. 
We are starting the year with new zeal, endeavoring to give 
God our best.— Mary C. Smith. Elkhart, Ind., Jan. 4. 

Indianapolis church met in quarterly council Jan. 4. Owing 
to the extremely cold weather, our elder, Bro. W. Carl Rnrlek, 
of Munele, Ind., could not be with us. Matters pertaining to the 
development of the church were discussed at length. Since our 
Inst report two of our Sunday-school scholars have been received 
into the church bv baptism. Five letters have also been re- 
ceived. Owing to the Influenza, our church was closed for 
several Sundavs, which has had a bad effect on our attendance. 
The Sunday-school raised a special offering on Christmas Sun- 
dav, which amounted to $50.05. This Is to go for "the Armenian 
and Syrian Relief.— J. J. Kintner. 50 N. Holmes Avenue. In- 
dianapolis, Ind., Jan. "V 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1919 


KUlbuck church met in council Dec. 21, with Eld. V. B. Brown- 
ing in chnrge. Ofllcers were elected for the next six months, 
with Bro. Gussle Leclngton. superintendent of Sunday-school, 
nnd Bro. Chester Onrner, president of Christian Workers' So- 
ciety. It wns decided to appoint a committee to secure a resi- 
dent elder for this congregation. Our Mission Study Class Is 
doing good work, with Bro. Ira T. Hiatt in charge.— H. E. Mills- 
pnugh, Mnncie, Ind., Jan. 7. 

Loon Creek church met In council Jan. 4, with Eld. D. W. Paul 
presiding. Two letters were granted and two received. Bro. 
Samuel Funderburg was reelected Sunday-school superintendent 
and also church treasurer. Our pastor, Bro. B. D. HIrt. and 
family, have moved here and are ready to take up the work. 
Owing to Influenza, we had to dismiss services for several weeks, 
but are now having them regularly. We are hoping to see good 
results from the work during the coming year.— Mae Hoover, 
Huntington, Ind., Jan. 8. 

Logansport church met in council Dec. 20. Officers were 
elected for the new year, with Sister Bertha Oherlln, clerk; Bro. 
Harry Murphy, Sunday-school superintendent.— Dora Hlrt, Lo- 
gansport, Ind., Jan. 2. 

Maple Grove church met in council Jan. 4, with Bro, Neff pre- 
siding. Officers were elected for the new year as follows: Bro. 
Rollo Neff, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. James Peters, 
Christian Workers' president; Bro. Manly Deeter, elder. Three 
letters were granted and two were received. The quarterly 
collection was 550.20. We have made new resolutions to work 
nnd obey the Master as he calls. Since most of the world 1b 
at peace, we should rejoice.— J. Galen Whitehead, New Paris, 
Ind., Jan. 4. 

Mexico. — After having our church closed for three months on 
account of influenza, we reopened for Sunday-school nnd preach- 
ing services Dec. 29. Although the disease has been prevalent 
In this community, no fatalities have occurred In our congrega- 
tion. On account of a few cases of scarlet fever, and also in- 
flueuza, our services are not so largely attended as usual, but 
the joy of once more meeting in the Lord's house was evidenced 
by all present.— Bertha I. Fisher, Mexico, Ind., Jon. 1. 

Mlddlebury church met In council Dec. 27. with Eld. J. H. 
Flke presiding. One letter was received. The deacons gave a 
favorable report of the yearly visit. A number of good sug- 
gestions wore made for the spiritual growth and development 
of the church. We decided to hold our spring communion Mny 
31. to be preceded by revival meetings. We elected our officers 
for church and Sundny-school; also Christian Workers' Meeting. 
Bro. J. H. Flke wns reelected elder; Elmer Knuffman, super- 
intendent for Sunday-school; Clarence Troyer, president of 
Christian Workers' Meeting. Dec. 29 we had a good attendance 
at Sunday-school and church. We elected our teachers for Sun- 
day-school. Afterward the children gave a short Christmas 
program. The offering for Armenian and Syrian Relief was 
?30.— Mrs. Bessie E. Sherck, Mlddlebury, Ind., Dec. 31. 

New rorls.— On Thanksgiving Day Bro. David Metzler, of 
Nnppanee, gave us an inspiring sermon. Our missionary offer- 
ing for that day was 572. We reorganized the Sunday-school 
and Christian Workers' Society, with Bro. Mervln MIshler, su- 
perintendent and Bro. Eldon Evans, president. A Christmas 
program was given by the Sunday-Rchoot Dec. 22. An offering 
of $41 was lifted for Armenian and Syrian Relief, nnd ?300 for 
World-wide Missions. Dec. 28 Sister Ida Fields gave a reading: 
" The Prince of the House of David." Jan. 2 we held our first 
members' meeting, with Eld. Chas. Arnold presiding. Two let- 
ters were received. Bro. Eldon Evoub was chosen church his- 
torian We decided to Include a home department and cradle 
roll in our Sunday-school— Levi Arnold, New Pnrls, Ind. T " 

school scholars were given a treat. A collection of $43.83 was 
taken for Armenian and Syrian Relief. — Ella Statler, Ozawkle, 


, Jan. 


Plevna church met In council Dec. 28, with Eld. Elsworth 
Weimer presiding. Bro. Weimer was reelected ns elder for the 
coming yenr. We reorganized our Sunday-school with Bro. 
Earl Kendall ns superintendent. Our Thanksgiving offering 
was ?16.68 for General Missions.— Tena Smith, Kokomo. Ind., 
Jan. 5. 

Pvrmont— We met in council Dec. 14, with Bro. D. L. Barn- 
hart presiding. Brethren Floyd Smeltzer and Ben Metzger were 
elected superintendents. The writer was chosen correspondent 
Our Sunday-school has not been largely attended on account of 
influenza. Many of our members have been 111, but we rejoice 
tn the fact that all have been spared. Dec. 20 an offering of 
$100 'was lifted for Armenian and Syrian Rellef.-Mrs. Claude 
Cripe, Rossville, Ind., Jan. 4. 

Bossvllle.— The Influenza epidemic has brought sorrow to many 
homes and several have been taken from our midst. The ban 
was lifted Dec. 28. and we are having Sunday-school and preach- 
ing services again. We were obliged to cancel our Bible In- 
stitute and series of meet^ J""- * We held our quarterly 
council, with Eld. W. L. Hatcher presiding. Three letters were 
received and one wns granted. All officers were elected I foi the 
coming year, with Bro. Amos Crlpe, church clerk; Bro Jesse 
ByXr trustee; Bro. C. C. Hylton, Sunday-school superintend- 
ent- Bro Floyd Wagoner, Christian Workers* president; Sister 
Lillian Hufford, church correspondent.-Ella Hatcher, Ross- 
ville, Ind., Jan. 6, 


Greenc-We have not held services for six w«k« on account 
of the influenza. Several of our number have been taken by 
death Many others have been very III, but have recovered We 
are hoping it may be possible for us soon to have services 
Sgnln Out Sunday-school received the banner for hav ng the 
largest enrollment of new members of the schools of the Dis- 
trict during the third quarter of 1018. Our home department 
Las been self-supporting this last year and in addition, gave 
$10 30 to mlssions.-Elsle A. Pyle, Greene, Iowa, Jan. 8. 

s a iem.-Slnce our last report we have had a feast of spiritual 
things Our District Meeting convened Sept. 18. 10 and 20, and 
was followed by a ten days' Bible Institute, conducted by Bro. 
E B Hoff, of Chicago. There were two »»»*«■» J J'- °" 
Thanksgiving' Day we planned for services, but the day being 
verv ^stormySu/ services were held on the following ^Sunday 
An offering of $00.20 was taken for World-wide Missions. Our 
«"»?<£ during the .inter have been ^^^ 
"22 ft"ure Z ls bHgh^BrTherand's^er Wag^ 
Ir TeU^cqualSerwith'heir flock no*, and have consented 
to remain another year. Sister Mettle^Caskey was chosen as 
SundnT chool superintendent. Two letters o membership .were 
received We look forward to the homecoming ot two of our 
Sunday-school boys, Bro. Ar.le Caskey and Bro. Christie Ster- 
ling, both stationed at Camp Dodge, Iowa.-Mrs. Minnie Wray, 
Prescott, Iowa, Jan. 4. 

Notice to the Churches of Southwestern Kansas and South- 

Hutchinson April 26-2S. baturaay. * k. m., Mlnlitprlal 

^..nrtnv A M.. Sunday-school Meeting; 1.30. Ministerial 
Meeting- 7 P M.. Missionary Meeting; Monday, Business Meet- 
"g for' the District. Program Committee to ; "'ounce pro- 
gram lnter.-J. E. Crist. Moderator; O. H. Feller, Clerk. 

mot in council Dec. 28. Sunday-school and 

Whtlo Hock church met in council Dec. 30. with Bro. S. L. 
Myers presiding. Election of officers was held for .the year. 
Bro. S. L. Myers was reelected elder. Sunday-school officers 
were also elected, with Bro. Qco. Barlnger, superintendent. 
On account of Influenza, the White Rock congregation had no 
meetings for four weeks. — Irena Shnler, Lovewell, Kans.. Dec, 30. 


Meadow Branch. — Dec. 20 the Junior Christian Workers of 
this congregation rendered n splendid Christmas program in 
the Westminster church. The Scripture rendlngs, recltatlona and 
speclnl songs proved both Interesting and beneficial. Tbo at- 
tendance was exceptionally large. Unusual offerings hnve been 
lifted by this congregation for nellcf nnd Reconstruction Work. 
So far the amount raised Is more than $700, which, with ad* 
ditlonal amounts, will later be forwarded to the General Mission 
Board. Brethren Garner and Nail were reelected Sunday-school 
superintendents nt Meadow Brnnch and Bro. Harry Tingling 
at Westminster. Our next love fenst Is set for May 17.— W. E. 
Roop, Westminster, Md„ Jan. 4. / 

MonecHey congregation met In council In the Thurmont house 
Jan. 1. Kid. T. S. Fike presided, assisted by Bro. Wnlter Thom- 
as. Bro. Arthur Rice was elected to the ministry, and will be 
Installed In the near future. Our next -council will be held 
Murch 20. — Allen D. Hoover, Grnceham, Md., Jan. 8. 

Homestead. — Jan. 2 friends and members of the church, to 
the number of twenty-one, took possession of tho parsonage for 
n while. The good women got bUBy and soon a bountiful 
dinner was ready. Even the cupboards were not overlooked, but 
were well filled. After dinner we returned to the filing-room. 
First we had some selected readings. Then wo listened to the 
testimonies which made us feel that we were sitting In henvenly 
places. We also had prayer, followed by song. Then good-hys 
were said,— our friends wishing us a prosperous and happy New 
Tear In our work here. May God bless them, and may we help 
them to a deeper consecration of heart, aud enlist others under 
the banner of the King. We ask the "Messenger" family 
to remember In prayer the little band of members here nt Home- 
stead. — A. B. Hollinger, Benzonln, Mick., Jan. 0. 

Zlou congregation met in council Jan. 4, with Eld. Samuel 
Bowser presiding. Officers elected for 1010 are as follows: 
Elder, Bro. S. Bowser; Sundny-school superintendent, Bro. M. 
L. Moats ; Christian Workers' president, Sister Ola Bowman ; 
".Messenger" agent, Bro. Melvln Martlndale; correspondent, the 
writer. On account of the epidemic, our Sundny-school could not 
render a program for either Christmas or New Tear's Day.— Neva 
R, Moats, Prescott. Mich,, Jan. 0. 

, Montlcello. — Dee, 15 we were again permitted to open our 
church doors, after seven weeks' quarantine. A union Thanks- 
giving service wns held In the Methodist church that evening. 
New Tear's Day wns spent In members' meeting, which shonld 
have convened In December. Considerable business was trans- 
acted nnd the meeting wns enjoyable. The church ndopted the 
Missionary Forward Movement. Eight letters were granted and 
five received. Jan. 5 Bro. E. H. Stauffer, of Rock Lake, N. Dak., 
gave an nddress. At noon n basket dinner was served in the 
basement. The nfternoon wns spent In a Sunday-school workers' 
meeting IMnns were discussed nnd "adopted for making the 
standard of the Sunday-school higher. The lnflueuzn epidemic 
has broken out again, nnd at this writing the public schools 
are closed for another two weeks.^Mrs. W. S. Sink, Montlctllo, 
Minn., Jnn. 7. 


Oak Grovo.— Bro. J. W. Deeter, of McPherson. Knna., who la 
working in the interest of the Genernl Sunduy School Board, 
began n series of lectures on Sundny-school problems In our 
church Dee. 18. During the week thnt followed, we organized 
the home department and the cradle roll. One young people's 
class wns also organized. A teacher-training class wns started 
with an enrollment of twelve. Bro. A. W. AdklnB wbb chosen 
as teacher. A survey of our community was made, which re- 
vealed the fact that there Is a possibility of multiplying our 
enrollment. Dec. 22 an offering of $13.30 was taken to aid Bro. 
Deeter In his work. Dec. 28 we met in council. Bro. A. W. 
Adklns wns nppointed agent for the Mutual Aid Society, nnd the 
writer, correspondent. On account of influenza, our series of 
meetings has been postponed.— May Kllllngsworth, Collins, Mo., 
Jan. 6. 


Grandvlew.— A number of members have had the Influenza 
and some homes have been saddened by death. The epidemic, 
apparently, has not yet run Its course. We pray the kind Father 
to prepnre us all to meet whatever seems best.— Katie B. Keller, 
Frold, Mont., Jan. 4. 


Omahn.— First Church of the Brethren met Dec. 31, at 8 o'clock, 
In regular council, Eld. L. L. Meek, of Octavla. presiding. Of- 
ficers for the coming year were elected: Elder, L. L. Meek; 
Sunday-school superintendent. J. W. Rasp; "Messenger cor- 
Respondent, Miss Madge Burchard. 4010 N. Thirty-fifth S reet As 
a means of meeting our current expenses It was decided that 
hereafter each member, receiving an income, pay three per cent 
from each pny check into the church treasury, this being strictly 
Biblical "ns the Lord hath prospered." It was *fso decided, 
that owing to the Influenza conditions still prevailing, the Omaha 

Center church, Ind. After preaching four sermons. Influenza 
broke out nnd the meetings closed. The second week of Novem- 
ber I begnn meetings In the Turkey Creek church, Ind. The 
interest grew nicely until the second week, when influenza broke 
out there also. One had made the good choice and the meetings 
closed. On account of influenza some meetings have been post- 
poned until another year, some Indefinitely, so that now I am 
in a position to serve any church that would want my services. 
The docket Is clear until late spring. Surely there Is need of 
earnest effort to save the lost, to redeem the time, because the 
days are evil. — Reuben Shroyer, North Canton, Ohio, Jan. 1. 

Bradford church met in council Dee. 11, with Eld. J. M. Stover 
presiding. Officers for 1010 were chOBen as follows: Sunday- 
Bchool superintendent, Ora Stover; church clerk, Harry Royer; 
" Messenger " agent, Laura Relff ; church correspondent, the 
writer. On account of the Influenza, our communion, which was 
to have been held In the fall, was postponed Indefinitely. — Pru- 
dence Eby, Bradford, Ohio. Jan. 4. 

Eversole. — Our congregation at present has a prosperous out- 
look nnd Is to splendid working order. Our Sunday-school has 
been making rnpld strides In both attendnnce and collection. 
Eld. Wm. Mlnnlch, of Union, Ohio, has had charge of this con- 
gregation for the last four years, end his efforts have been much 
appreciated. He also has charge of a large congregation, — Salem, 
—nnd he felt he could not give us the time that we needed or 
thnt ho desired to give. For this reason he requested to be 
released. Bro. John Root, a young elder of our congregation, 
has boon elected to take chnrge of the work here for two yearB. 
Wo nlso elected Sunday-school officers, with Bro. Harvey Lan- 
dia, superintendent. Church officers were also elected. Bro. 
Parker Cain is our trustee. On Christmas Day Eld. J. O. Garst 
gave us a splendid discourse.— Clara Brbnugh, New Lebanon, 
Ohio, Jan. 1. 

Hnrrls Creek church Is once more enjoying regular Sunday 
services after being without them for nine weeks because of the 
Influenzn epidemic. We met In council Jnn. 4, with Eld. Chas. 
Flory presiding, Four letters were received and two were 
granted. The pastoral committee reported having secured Bro. 
D. G. Berkebllc for the next fourteen months. Officers for the 
year were elected, with Bro. Roy Waggoner ns Sunday-school 
superintendent; Bro. Henry Bollinger, church clerk; Sister Cns- 
sel, " Messenger " agent; the writer, correspondent. On Sundny 
-a collection of $204.30 was taken for Armenian and Syrian Re- 
lief. Of this amount $20 was given by the Sisters' Aid Society. 
$10 by the Banner Clnss of Juniors, nnd $51.25 by the Good 
Cheer Clnss. — Mrs. H. R. Hoover, Bradford, Ohio, Jan. 8. 

Rohk church met In council Jan. 4, with Eld. Jas. A. Guthrie 
presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected, with 
Bro. Abram Coll ns superintendent. Bro. Guthrie wns re- 
tained ns elder for another year. The writer was chosen "Mes- 
senger" correspondent. Bro. A. Coil Ib our delegate to Dis- 
trict Meeting. We have arranged with Bro. B. F. Perry, of 
Eaton, Ohio, for a series of meetings in May. We are also plan- 
ning to secure a song lender, to give us Instruction for two weeks 
preceding the meetings.— Mrs. Gertrude Guthrie, Spencervllle, 
Ohio, Jnn. 4. 

Hand nidge. — We reorganized our Sundny-school and Christina 
Workers' Society for the coming year with Bro. W. F. Rob- 
erta, superintendent, nnd Bro. J. IB. Roberts, president. We 
are having interesting Sundny-school nnd Chrlstlnn WorkerB' 
Meetings, although the attendance Is not Inrge on nccount of 
sickness. Jnn. B our Sunday-school took an offering, for the 
Armenian and Syrian Relief. — L. H. Prownnt, Homier, Ohio, Jan. 

Upper Twin church met In council, with Eld. Anron Brnbaker 
In charge, Two letters were granted. We decided not to close 
regulnr services on nccount of the epidemic unless requested to 
do bo by the Board of Health. The serleB of meetings at Wheat- 
vllle has been deferred for the present. A committee wsb ap- 
pointed to look Into the case of a Bister regarding her admittance 
to the Brethren Home, A collection for the poor fund was 
taken, and n report of this fund wns read and accepted.— Mrs. 
A. M. Rlnehnrt, Eaton. Ohio, Jan. 1. 

West Milton. — Agnln our church enjoyed n gracious out- 
pouring of favor from our Heavenly Father on the occasion of 
the Installation, or consecration, services which were held Jan. 
fi. These ImpresBlve nnd very helpful Bervlces were conducted 
by Eld. S. A. Blessing, assisted by Eld. J. W, Fidler, who de- 
livered the address and charge to the officers and teachers of 
the Sundny-school. Following this service, Bro. Fidler preached 
an excellent sermon on "The Promise of the Father." In the 
evening, after a most spiritual aong service, In which we were 
assisted by Prof. J. A. Atkins, of Cincinnati, Bro. Blessing 
preached one of his best Bermons on the subject of the New 
Tear.— J. Henry Sbownlter, West Milton, Ohio, Jan. 6. 


Chlckies church met In council Jan. 1, with Elders Henry S. 
Zug, Samuel B. FahneBtock, Hiram Kaylor and Samuel S. Eshel- 
man present. Officers for the different church activities were 
elected as follows: Bro. Samuel S. Eshelman, elder In charge 
for three years; Morris B. Glnder, Sunday-school superintendent 
of Chlckies Hill Sundny-school; S. N. Becker, of Mt. Home Sun- 
day-school: B. G. Stauffer, president of Christian Workers' So- 
rloty ■ Kmmo Zug, President of Sisters' Aid Society. We expect 
to start n series of meetings at the Mt. Hope house Feb. 1. having 
the promise of Thos. Patrick, of Dauphin County, to conduct the 
same.— P. C. Geib, Monhelm, Pa., Jan. 4. church met In council on New Tear's Day, with Eld. 
D Y Brillhart presiding 1 . Bro. S. B. Myers wns ordained to 
the eldership and with his wife duly Installed. Elders J. A- 
Long and E. S. Miller assisted. We Intend to hold two love 

church should not attempt to hnve the District Meeting, owing , t8 , n tne ,pri„g,-one at the Falrvlew house May 11, the 
to the difficulty ot lodging the people: al.o In view ot the fact otl ,„ nt , he Codor „. house May 25. Bro. S. K. Hartman was 

"■" reappointed chnrch trustee.- - ' 

ng pastors in the spring. After the business session 
"very pleasant social nnd watch meeting was hcid-M. R. Weav- 

_31S North Twenty-second Street, Omaha. Nebr.. Jan. 6. 
"sooth Loup.-We hnve Jnst closed a two weeks' series of meet-, 
ings conducted by Bro. J. i'erry Prather. of McPherson, Kans. 
Although sickness and cold weather were a hindrance, those who 
could attend the meetings were built up spiritually We were 
sorry Bro. Prather could not be with us longer.-Suslo McLellan. 
Litchfield. Nebr., Jan. B. 

Arowell— Our revival meetings were postponed, on account of 
the Influenza, from Oct 27 to rice. 8. They continued two weeks. 
Our pastor, Bro. Home; wns assisted by Bro. C. F. McKee of 
Oaks Pa The meetings were very helpful and we hope that 
some' good has been done-Mrs. Hannah D. Hoffman, Dunellen, 
N. X. Jan. 6. 

. C. Godfrey. Red Lion, Pa.. Jan. 
George. Creek.— Fnirvlcw church met In council Dec. 28. with 

Id Jasper Barnthousc presiding. We elected the following 
officers for 1919: Bro. C. M. Driver, elder; Brethren Ira Merry- 
mun nnd F. F. Durr. Sunday-.ehool superintendents; Bro. J. 
W Debolt, Christian Workers' president; Bro. F. F. Durr. 
church correspondent. A apleodld Cbristmns program waB ren- 
{Continued on Page. 48) 



lt,.,„„;.r.- church met In council, with Eld. 

Ocawkio church 

wTXkT "T*,7 b— =™»^™ ea 

It u »i. Vtamped out no w "f^^^hTe V&TgSL 
tt we-taTa Z^'^LSZ which ... the Sunday- 

D. M. Shorb pre- 
rlous reports of the 
„ work" we're'" rend" and accepted. Church nnd Sunday- 
school officer, were elected for 1019. with Bro Ira Michael, elder, 
and Sister Ira Michael, superintendent of the S.inday-icbool. 
Bro Shorb preached nn Inspiring sermon on Sunday morn ng. 
Dec 21). Sunday evening being exceedingly atormy, no services 
were held. We held services on Thanksgiving Day, and lifted 
nr i offering for general mlsslons.-F.lsie Larsen. Bowbell., N. 


Announoement.-The first Sunday of September the writer be- 
gan meetings in what Is known as the Plevna church, located 
In Howard County, Ind. Th. Interest wan good throughout. 
The drat Thursday la October I began meetings In the Union 

MCNCIE, IND.-Bepnrt of tbe Sisters' Aid Society of the 
Klllbuck church. Antlocn honoe: We held fourteen meetings 
during the year. We did Red Cross work, made aun-bonnet* 
prayer coverings, sewed one-half day on children's c othee 
Jnd served lunch at one sale. We donated J5 tn the ministers 
',,,,,„ with us In our revival; S3 to the Mary Qulnter gave 1 pair of blankets to the Old Folks' Home; made 
f bonne'.; and gave .10 to the Armenian and Syrian Relief Fund. 
Officers for 1010 are: Katy Mlllspaugb, President; Mar a Preddy. 
vice .president; the writer. Secretary-Treasurer; Luclle Shaffer. 
Assistant Seeretary.-Lulu M. Hiatt, Mnncie. Ind.. Jan. 2. 

NORTH MANCHESTER, IND.-Report of Plunge Creek Aid 
Society: We held fifteen meetlnge.-twelve regu ar and hree 
caned Total attendance. 198; average, IS Total free-will of- 
ferlng. S23.49: overage. $1.80. Received 55.01 for work done. 
<">oe 1 for sale dinners, total. S83.S8; total expense. H.66; bal- 
ance M3 70 Work done: 4 comforts. 71 garments. 2 covering!, 
a bonnets Snnday-school curtains. Donations: 16 spool, of 
thread- 20% yard, of m.terlal; 8 do.en button.; on. paper of 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1919 

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pins; 2 papers of needles; 1 quilt lining and top; 1 suit-case; 
1 ball of floss; 1 bonnet; 4 waists; 1 skirt; second-hand goods 
amounting to ?5. Donations made by the Aid: 1 box. sent to 
the Marlon Mission, and valued at $10, contained 15 new gar- 
ments, 4 suits of underwear and 6 pair of hose. Clothing do- 
nnted to Red Cross, for refugee work, valued at $18.95; second- 
hand clothes, $5; total, $21.05. Box sent to Douglas Park 
Mission, Chicago, valued at $23, contained 12 dresses, 5 aprons, 
8 skirts, 3 shirts. 1 dress skirt, 1 cont and hood, 7 pair of hose 
and 12 hondkerchlefs.— Mrs. Leona M. Poland, North Manchester, 
Ind„ Dec. 31. 

TOTSDAM, OHIO.— We held twenty-eight meetings, with nn 
average attendance of seven. We sewed two days for a mother- 
less family and one day in another home, for which we re- 
ceived $1.00. Wc made 01 sun-bonnets, quilted 27 quilts, pieced 
7 comfort-tops and knotted 1 comfort. With donations from 
friends, and membership fees, the total amount received for the 
year was $115. We paid out $60 toward carpet for our church, 
$10.50 for dishes, $0 for library stand, $4.50 for two rocking- 
chairs, $13 for material and $5 for aisle matting, total. $111.00, 
leaving n balance of $3.40. -Officers for 1010: President, Sister 
Amanda llobbins; Superintendent, Sister Lydla Christian; Treas- 
urer, Sister Bertha Miller; Secretary, the writer; Committee, 
Slstors Emma Ditmer, Lornn Baker and Carrie Hoke. — Mary 
Welsenbnrger, Luuro, Ohio, Dec. 28. 

ONION CITY, IND.— Report of Ladles' Aid Society for the 
year 1018: Amount on hand, Jan. 1, 2018, $30; received during 
the year, $57.77; total, $87.77. Expended during the year on 
carpet for church, $30; Red Cross, $5; on church debt, $50; 
toial amount paid out, $85; balance, $2.77, Our work con- 
sisted of quilting, making comforters, aprons, sun-bonnets, etc. 
The meetings were very irregular and poorly attended during 
the year for various reasons. The Society met nt the Ladies' 
Aid rooms Jan. 2, 1010, and reorganized by electing officers as 
follows : Dora Noff singer, Secretary nnd Treasurer ; Elizabeth 
Cook, President ; Adda Netzley, Vice-president ; Lottie Lewis, 
Superintendent of Work; Anna Freldline, Asslstnnt. — Dora Noff- 
slnger, Union City, Ind., Jan, 3. 




notices should be accompanied by 



Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication 

of u marriage notice may be applied to a three months' "Gospel 
Messenger" subscription for the newly-married couple. Request 
should be made at the time the notice is sent, and full address 

Blank-Smith.— By the undersigned, at the residence of the 
bride's parents, N. B. Smith, of Franklin Grove, 111., Dec. 10, 
1D1D, Mr. Edward Blank and Sister Verdu Virginia Smith.— E. 
| J. Knouse, Franklin Grove, 111. 

Coster-G rambling.— By the undersigned, Dec. 24, 1918, at their 
home in Johnstown, Pa., Brother Russell Rny Custer and Sister 
Sarah Ethel Grumbling, both of Johnstown.— M. Clyde Horst, 
Johnstown, Pn, 

UavlB-Norrla.— By the undersigned, nt the parsonage, Dec. 27, 
1018, Brother Win. Thomas Davis, of Indinnapolis, Ind., and Sis- 
ter Delia Anna Norris, of Nickerson, Kans.— O. jH, Feiler, Hutch- 
inson, Kans. 

Grove-Coffmnn. — By the undersigned, at ' the home of the 
bride's parents. Brother and Sister W. H. Coftman, Kinross, 
lown, Dec. 18, 1018, Brother Harley I. Grove, of South English, 
Iown, nnd Sister Bernice B. Coffman, of Kinross, Iowa.— J. H. 
Brower, South English, Iowa. 

Jones-McBrlde. — By the undersigned, nt the parsonage of the 
Allison Prairie church, Lawrence County, 111., Jan. 1, 1919, 
Mr. John Jones and Sister Leatha McBride, both of Lawrence 
County, III.— N. H. Miller, Cerro Gordo, 111. 

Joyco-McCoUy.— By the undersigned, Nov. 26, 1018, at the 
bride's home, Yoder, Co 1,0., Brother Noble Joyce, of Fredonia, 
Kans., and Sister Rovena L. McCoIly.— S. P. Hylton Yoder 

Mj-ors-GUlam.— By the undersigned, at his residence, Dec 25 
1018, Brother Little Myers, of Wnddams Grove, 111., and Sister 
Jessie Qlllam, of Ollie, Iown.— H. N. Butler, Richland, Iowa. 

Sell-Stevens. — By the undersigned, at the Church of the 
Brethren, Fernald, Iowa, Dec. 25. 1918, Brother Cecil L. Sell 
and Sister Onn A. Stevens, both of Fernald.— John A. Robinson, 
Des Moines, Iowa. 

Snell-Vanlman.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
father, Bro. D. C. Vanlman, Virden, 111., Dec. 25, 1918 Brother 
Ernest Snell, of Auburn, 111., and Sister Iva Vaniman, of Vir- 
den, III. — I. J. Harshbarger, Girard, III. 

Stronmicl- Kenny. — By the undersigned, at Loganville Pa 
Dec. 25. 1B18. Brother Cnrrvin C. Stremmel, of Llneboro Md ' 
nnd Sister Nora C. Kenny, of New Freedom, Pa.— J L Mvers' 
Loganville, Pn. 

Wolford-Ankney.— At the home of the bride's parents Mr 
and Mrs. Freeman Ankney, LIgonier, Pa., Dec. 14. 1918, Bro 
Arthur Wolford and Miss Mabel Ankney. Ceremony by Rev 
Farnsworth, pastor of United Brethren church.— C. D Wolford 
Ligonier, Pa. 


"Blessed are the dead which die In the Lord" 

Adnms, Sister Emma Cameron, died Not. 12, 1918. of Spanish 
niluenan. aged 10 years nnd 12 days. Short services nt her 
home hy the writer.— C. C. Sollenherger, Johnstown, Pa. 

o B ,^f' Ioh ° pap,,CT ' ••" »' Amos end Sarah Baker, died Dee 
9. 1018, need 02 years. C months and 9 days. He married Kate 
L Hoover In 18S2. To this union were horn three sons, all 
? SS™ *"' M "'- B « »»lteo with the Chorch of the Brethren 
..I ,' becn " '"h"" 1 " sulTerer for the last sis months 

with paralysis. Services nt the Baker church by the writer — 
Q. A. Snider. Limn, Ohio. 

pf "ni i Oh 1 n o 1 « b0rn i n „ T0pk C ° Unty ' Pa - died in Harrlsburg. 
Pa Dec. 23. 1918, aged 33 years and 11 days. Death was due to 
tuberculosis. He is survived by his wife, two children, mother 
and sisters .Services at the Codorus church by Bro. S. B. Mvers 
Interment in the adjoining cemetery.-S. C. Godfrey, Red lion, 

Berkley Bro. Norman W., son of Brother and Sister Clavton 
Berkley, died at Johnstown, Pa.. Deo. 21. 1918. aged 20 vears 
Death was due to Spanish Influenza and pneumonia. In 1012 
he married Miss Mabel Schultz, of Elgin. To them were born 
four children. Besides his wife and two children he leaves 
father, mother, two brothers, one of whom is In service in the 

t D n aV q,;nH nd ^° t^^"'.. ** *" *"* HCUVe nnd enthusiastic 

in Sunday-school and church work, serving as deacon. Services 
by Bro. J. C. Flora. Burial in Berkley cemetery.— Mrs J C 
Flora, Johnstown, Pa. ' 

Black Bro. Charles B., of Union Bridge, Md.. died of pneu- 
monin, following influenza, Nov. 3, 1918, aged 32 vears 10 
months and 20 days. In 1908 he married Sister Cora L Wolfe 
To them were born three sons and one daughter. He leaves 

his wife, two children, father, mother, six brothers and seven 
sisters. Services at the home by Eld. Jesse R. Klein. Text, 
Psa. 68: 5. Interment in the Beaverdam cem tery. — Cora L. 
Black. Union Bridge, Md. 

Bowman, Guy I/., born at Knoxville, Iowa, died at Blue 
Springs, Nebr., Dec. 19, 1918, of Influenzo, aged 24 years, 2 
months and 22 days. On Christmas, 1917, he married Sister Alice 
McPheron, who, with nn infant daughter, survives. After serv- 
ices by the writer, the body was laid to rest In the cemetery 
near the South Bentrice church.— Edgar Rothrock, Holmesville. 

Brubnkcr, Bro. Abraham Z„ son of Brother ana Sister Jacob 
Brubaker, born In Lebanon County, Pa., aied Dec. 14, 1918, 
aged 42 years, 5 months and 28 days.' In 1897 ke married Amy 
A. Snyder. To them were born three sons and one daughter. 
In 1800 he and his wife united with the Church of the Brethren 
at Midway. He was called to the ministry in 1900 and advanced 
to the second degree in 1913. He held different' offices in the 
church nnd Sunday-school, in which he took nn active part. He 
is survived by his wife, three sons, one daughter, parents, one 
brother and three sisters. Burial In Midway cemetery. Services 
by Eld. Martin Heisey and the writer. Text, 2 Cor. 5: 1. — 
S. K. Wenger, Rexmont, Pn. 

Brumbnngh. Sarah ^Florence, wife of Eld. M. R. Brumbaugh, 
f born near Williamsburg, Pa., died at her home at Martinsburg, 
Pa.. Dec. 10, 1018, of a complication of aisenses, aged 50 yenrs, 
4 months and 16 dnys. She was a member of the Lutheran 
church. Besides her husband she leaves four daughters and 
three sons. Services nt the Lutheran church by her pastor, 
Rev. W. W. F*ey, assisted by Eld. J. K. Brown. Interment in 
the Brumbaugh cemetery at Clover Creek.— J. H. Crofford 
Martinsburg, Pa. 

Bneher, Merlnnd Oliver, son of S. G. and Mabel Bucher, died 
Dec. 14, 1018. of Spanish influenza, followed by pneumonia, aged 
months nnd 16 days. Besides his parents he leaves two,' 
brothers and two sisters. Services by Eld. S. S. Blough.- Ia- 
. terment in the Woodland cemetery.— Mrs. J. H. Bucher As- 
toria, 111. 

Clayton, Mary A„ born at Ladoga, Ind., died at her home in 
Cerro Gordo, III., Dec. 8, 1018, aged 58 years, 2 months and 8 
dnys. She married Jas. E. Clayton in 1882. For forty years 
she was a faithful member of, the Church of the Brethren. She 
leaves her husband, two brothers and three sisters. Services at 
the church in Cerro Gordo by Eld. W. T. Heckman. assisted by 
Eld. A. L. Bingamnn. Burial in Cerro Gordo cemetery. — Mrs. 
Emma Wheeler. Cerro Gordo, III. 

Cocanour, Sister Mary A., nee Stewart, born in Richland 
County, Ohio, died of heart failure in Richland County, Ohio, 
Dec. 25, 191S, aged 69 years and 12 days. In 1S82 she married 
Bro. Geo. Cocanour, who preceded her four years ago. To this 
union was born one son, with whom she resided nt the time of 
her death. She united with the Church of the Brethren in 
18S4 and remained faithful to the end. She leaves one brother, 
one son, one grandson and two stepchildren. Services at the 
home by Bro. Lester Heisey. Burial at Ankenytown, Ohio, 
where services were held by Bro. G. S. Strausbaugh,— W. S. 
Cocanour, Shiloh, Ohio. 

Dining, Bro. Daniel L., son of Brother and Sister Geo. Dllling, 
born in Blair County, Pa., died of heart trouble at his home 
near Delphi, Ind., Dec'. 26, 1018, nged 66 years, 1 month and 4 
days. In 1876 he married Mary Brechbiel. To them were born 
ten children. He is survived by his wife, eight children, eleven 
grandchildren, two brothers and three sisters, five half-brothers 
and three half-sisters. Bro. Dilllng was a faithful attendant and 
loyal supporter of the church. Services by Eld. G. B. Heeter, 
assisted by the writer, at the Monticello church. Burial in the 
adjoining cemetery.— J. G. Stinebnugh, Camden, Ind. 

Dunn, Donald Ivan, son of Tom and Lillie Dunn, born Sept 
3, 191S, died Dec. 22, 1918, of stomach trouble. Services by the 
writer. Interment in the Evergreen Home cemetery, at Beatrice. 
—Edgar Rothrock, Holmesville, Nebr. 

Elkienberry, Susan, eldest daughter of David and Esther 
Smoyer, born In Cnrroll County, Ind., died at her home in Flora, 
Ind., of paralysis, Dec. 26, 1918, aged, 75 yenrs, 5 months and 26 
dnys. In 1S06 she married Henry D. Eikenberry. To this 
union were born five daughters who, with the husband, eight 
grandchildren nnd two great-grandchildren, survive. In 1874 
she united with the Church of the Brethren. Services at the 
church by Bro. I. R. Beery. Text, 1 Thess. 5: 9, 10. Interment 
in Moss cemetery.— Mattie Welty, Flora, Ind. 

Eshclman, Bertie, born in Jasper County. Mo., died of pneu- 
monia at Los Angeles, Cal., Dec. 19, 1018, aged 27 years, 9 months 
and 27 days. The body was taken to Clovis, N. Mex., the home 

of his parents, where services were held by the writer C D 

Fager, Clovis, N. Mex. 

Feller, Sister Anna Ulrlch, born in Trumbull County Ohio 
died Dec. 11, 191S, aged 88 years, 1 month and 18 days She 
married Urlas Feller Oct. 3, 1S5S, who preceded her Jan. 12, 
1010. To this union were born four sons and three daughters' 
Of these, three sons and two daughters are living. There are 
sixteen grnndchlldren and twelve great-grandchildren 
companion she united with the Church 

With her 
of the Brethren In 
jssM, and remained steadfast till the Lord called them home 
Grandma Feller will be greatly missed by her children and 
the large circle of friends, but none will miBs her more than 
her dutiful daughter, Laura, who never grew weary in her long 
and tender care of her mother. Services at the Union church 
west of Plymouth, Dec. 15, 1918, conducted by Eld J F Ap- 
plemau, of Nappanee, Ind., assisted by Eld. S. F.' Hendricks 
Interment Q the adjacent cemetery.— A. Laura Appleman, Nap- 

of Brother and Sister James 

pauee, Ind. 

Foster, Howard Roswell, 
Foster, died Dec. 22, 1918, of congestion of "the"bra"n°7o II owing 
influenza, aged 2 years, 1 month and 20' days. He is survived 
by father, mother and one brother. Services at the home by 
Bro R. E. Loshbaugh. Interment in the Edna cemetery.— Zada 
Loshbaugh, Hollow, Okla. 

Harris, George,- son of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Harris* died of 
influenza Dec. 11, 1918, being a few days over 29 years of age 
He leaves a wife and a child. He was a member of the M. - 
church. Services by the writer. Interment In 
cemetery.— Edgar Rothrock, Holmesville, Nebr. 

Haugh, Sister Clara, bom in Detour, Md., died Nov ">Q 1S18 
aged 69 years, S months and 15 days. She was the daughter of 
Daniel and Ellon Grossnlckle. In 1872 she married Henry S 
Haugh. Five children were born to them, three of whom pre- 
ceded her. She was a faithful member of the Church of the 
Brethren for many years. Her husband, two children three 

andehildren, three brothers and four sisters survive —Lydin 

Burial in GrandvleW cemetery.— C. C. SoIIenberger, Johnstown, 
Pa. | 

Howard, Sister Sadie Jordan, died Dec. 23, 1918, at the 
Memorial Hospital, Johnstown, Pa., of blood poisoning, aged 31 
years. She is survived by her parents, brother and sister, hus- 
band and six children. Services at the home of her parents bv 
the writer, assisted by Rev. Evans, of the First Congregational 
Lhurch. Interment in Grandview cemetery.— C. C. SoIIenberger 
Johnstown, Pa. 

Hutchinson, Sister Esther, nee Kreider, died at her home in 
Himtsdale, Pa., Dec. 22, 1918, aged 33 years and 29 days. Sister 
Hutchinson was a devoted church worker. She Is survived by 
her husband, one daughter, father, mother and one sister. Serv- 
ices at the home by Eld. W. I. Sheaffer, assisted by the writer, 
interment at Huntsdale cemetery.— A. A. Evans. Carlisle, Pa. 
Kagey, Bro. Samuel P., died at his home, near Singer Glen 
Va.. Oct. 30, 1018, aged 81 years, 2 months and 21 dnys. Bro. 
Kagey had been afflicted for several years, and bis death was due 
o dropsy and other complications. He had been from earlv 
*" C «! S ™ e , nt member of th « Church of the Brethren. Services 
at the Mt. Zion church by the writer, assisted by Eld B B, 
Miller Text, Heb. 13: 14. Interment in the Linville Creek cemV- 
tery.— I. Wm. Miller, Singer Glen, Pa. 

Helper, Sister Earl A., died in East Conetnaugh, Pa., Dec. 22, 
1018, aged 24 years. Death was due to Influenza and pneumonia 
bhe Is survived by her husband, critically ill of the same dis- 
eases, and two small children. Brief services by the writer 
Dec. 24, 1018. Interment in Headricks' 
Horst, JohnBtown, Pa. 


Blue Springs 

Dickey, Fostorln, 


Hootca, Claude, son of Brother David and Sister Alice Hooten 
born March 7. 1885. died Dec. 25, 1018, aged 33 years, 9 months 
and 19 days. He was one of twins; the other, Clyde, died at the 
age of seven years. His, death was caused by influenza, followed 
by pneumonia, in Seattle, Wash., where he had been a raotorman 
for a number of years. The body was brought to his old home 
in Nebraska, and lovingly laid to rest in the Stark cemetery 
on his grandfather's homestead, near the South) Beatrice church 
The deceased was converted at the age of ten, and was a mem- 
ber of the Baptist Church. Services by the writer. Text Rev 
22: 16.— Edgar Rothrock, Holmesville, Nebr. 

Howard, Sister Katie, died at her home Dec. 11, 1918 f 
Spanish influenza, aged 36 years. A few days later her five- 
year-old sou died of the' same disease. There remain of the 
fomily the father and five children. 1 Brief services at the grave 

cemetery.— M. Clyde 

Keltner Bro Stanley D., son of Brother and Sister W. W. 
Keltner, died at his home In Williston. N. Dak., Dec 21 1918 
of pneumonia, following an attack of influenza. He was born 
at Loran, Stephenson Co., III. Ho died at the age of 25 years, 
5 months and 25 days. Feb. 3, 1917, he was married to Miss 
Coy Taylor, of Trenton, N. Dak. This union was blessed with 
one child He is survived by his father, mother, wife, one son 
and a brother somewhere in France. One brother preceded him. 
— anointed on Thanksgiving Day. Services by the writer 
by Rev. EL. Hobbs, of the M. B. church, Williston, 
ton N Dak" '" Eivervle «' cemetery.-O. A. Myer, Wlllis- 

, n , 1 i Un *' ? lster Anna E " wife of Bro - John Kline, died Nov. 29 
1HI8. aged 70 years. She was a patient sufferer for a number 
or years. She was a consistent member of the Church of the 
Brethren. She is survived by her husbnnd, five daughters, one 
son and ten grandchildren. Services by Eld. H B Toiler 
Burial in the Greenwood cemetery.— Leah N. Phillipy. Lancaster! 

teatherman, Eld. David, son of Chas. and Catherine Leather- 
man born In Hampshire County, Va., died Nov. 29, 1918, in 

?n i? 1 "" 1 '-,^ ° ffed 77 yenr8 ' 3 mo » tna a «* 25 days. 
In ?869 he married Sister Mary H. Smith. In 1882 he was called 
to the ministry and labored faithfully in several mission church- 
es in Madison, Green and Ross Counties. He is survived bv 
his wife, two daughters, two grandchildren, two sisters and one 
brother Services by Eld. David Dredge, assisted bv Eld D 
Funderburg. Burial in the New Carlisle cemeterv.-Ruth B. 
Shroyer, New Carlisle, Ohio. 

Ugnitz, Mabel D. ( daughter of Brother and Sister M D 
Gauby, born at Washington, Kans., died at Morrowvllle, Kans ' 
of Spanish influenza, Dec. 23, 1018, aged 19 years. 2 months and 
n,r l B ' io-,t k She Y n , Ue ^ With the Ch,,reh of the Brethren. 
In Wn^ '« he , ma " M Mer,ln H " Lienit2 ' wno i3 ln service 
in France She leaves an infant daughter, five sisters, three 
brothers, father and mother. Interment in the Brethren ceme- 
Kans near Wnshlneton ' Kan s.— Samuel M. Gauby, Washington, 

lolling, Nellie M., daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Campbell, 
died Dec. 20, 1918, aged 35 years, 6 months and 28 days In 
1006 she married Henry Lolling. She was a member of the 
Church of the Brethren for eleven yenrs. Sha leaves husband' 
parents one brother and three sisters. Services by the writer 
at the home. Burial in the East Salem cemetery— W 
Nickerson, Kans. 


,<^ nS : I ll7 ; llbeth ' nee Grlfp . died of acute bronchitis, Dec. 20 
1918, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Mary Johns. Services bv 
the undersigned. .The deceased was 58 years of age. Inter- 
ment in the Sandyvale cemetery.-C. C. SoIIenberger, Johnstown, 

MeConnell, Geo. W„ born in York County, Pa., Sled nt his 
home in Glen Rock, Pa., Oct. 20, 1918, nged 26 years, 3 months 
and 2 days. His death was due to influenza and pneumonia 
He is survived by his wife, child and parents. Services at the" 
Codorus church by Bro. S. B. Myers. Iilterment in the ad- 
joining cemetery.— S. C. Godfrey, Red Lion, Pa. 

McGnffoy. Wm., born at White HaJI, III., died Sept. 13 1918 
aged 77 years and 11 days. In 1862 he enlisted in Co. H 107 

'•\° l Inf - ,°" d ,™ 8 discharged at the close of the war. In 
1866 he married Miss Ruth Duell. To them eight children 
Zfra Z T ?\ J, "'horn survive except one. He also leaves his 
wife, twenty-three grandchildren and three great-grandchildren 
He was a faithful member of the South Beatrice church Serv- 
ices by Bro. Rothrock.— W. S. McGaffey, 'Virginia, Nebr. 

McMiUen Anna, died Nov. 24, 1918. aged 75 years, 2 months and 
3 days. She was twice married, first to Mr. Welsh About 
fifteen years ago she was married to Joel McMillen She leaves 
three children by her first marriage. She united with the 
Church of the Brethren in 1907, and lived faithful to the end 
Services by the writer. Interment in the Mineral Creek ceme- 
tery. — D. L. Mobler, Leeton, Mo. 

McMillen, Joel, died Dee. 31, 1918, aged 67 years, 1 month and 
V? / a l S - . He T aS twice m&TTi ^ nrst to Jane Wyatt, who 
died about twenty yenrs ago. About fifteen years ago he mar- 
ried Anna Welsh, who died a month before he did He leaves 
tV ,'. , M ns ~ nnd one dau S nter *>y **s first marriage. He united 
with the Church of the Brethren when seventeen yenrs of aee 
ana lived faithful to the ena. Services by the writer inter' 
ment In the Mineral Creek cemetery.-D. L. Mohler,' Leeton, 

Maddooks, Sister Lydin Brumbaugh, widow of Eld T B 
Maddocks, born at Clover Creek, died Dec. 24, 1918 aged 80 
yeors, 4 months and 22 days. She is survived by four' sons and 
four daughters. Services at the chBrch by Eia. F R Zook 
Interment in the cemetery at Clover Creek.— J. H. Croffora' 
Martinsburg, Pa, ' 

Miller, Bro. Jacob PI., born In Lancaster County Pa died 
Dec. 26, 1018. in Williams County, Ohio, agea 84 years, 3 months 
and 12 days. In 1856 he married Lesh C. Picking To them 
were born ten children. He leaves two sons and three daughters 
Services by Eld. G. W. Sellers, assisted by Eia. J w Reiser 
Text, Rev. 21: 4.-S. A. Miller, Bryan, Ohio. 

Minnick, Bro. Join M., aiea at Camp Lee, Oct. 8, 1918 of pneu- 
monia, following influenza. The remains were brought back- 
to the Fairview church of the Unity congregation. He had 
his home at Bro. D. F. Roller's for about nine years He 
leaves father, two brothers and two sisters. Services at the 
church by Brethren J. S. Roller and Walter Myers.— Anna rJ 
Roller, Timberville, Va. _ 

Mummert, Emmett. son of John and Malinda Mummert, born 
at Nevada, Mo., died at Hudson, Mich., of Influenza Dec 18 
1018, aged 30 years 8 months and 22 days. He united with' the 
church when twelve years of age. He leaves father, mother 
and one brother. The remains were broneht to Flora Ind 
Services by Bro. I. R. Beery. Interment in the Maple 'Lawn 
cemetery.— Mattie Welty. Flora, Ind. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1919 


O.lej-. IX Kbbert. bom in Schuyler County. 111., died 
n«. 30. WIS. nnoil 35 yearn, 11 months nnd 23 dnys. She united 
with the Church of the Brethren In 1005. She married Thos. 
Oxley In 1010 She lenves her husband, five children, mother, 
father six sisters and one brother. Services at the home by 
Bro. P. A. Crist. RurinJ in Qulnter cemetery— Mary E. Crist, 
onlnter, Kans. 

Ken.berger. Lewis, hern in Holmes County, Ohio, died Dec. 
25 1918 need 70 years. 2 months nod 16 days. He nnlted with 
the Church of the Brethren at the ngc of twenty-four yenrs. He 
married Rehetah Akers Oct. 18. 1802. To this union were born 
seven sons and six dnuBhters. Two sons nnd live daughters pre- 
ceded him He lenves his wife. Ave sons, one daughter, sixteen 
grandchildren and eight great-grandchildren. Bro. Rensbcrger'a 
seat was seldom vacant nt church. He lived in the Turkey 
i'reek congregation for a number of years. Funeral at the 
Ornvelton house by the writer— Henry Wysong. Nnppnnee, Ind. 
Riley Bro Jeremiah, died at his home, four miles north of 
Lnnorte Ind.. Dec. 13. 1018. aged 75 yean. Heath was due to a 
complication of diseases. In 1S77 he married Altera Brown. To 
this union were born four daughters. His wife and two daugh- 
ers preceded him. In 1SO0 he mnrried Flora Replogle, who sur- 
vives Ingether with two daughters. He hnd been a member 
of the Church of the Brethren, in the Laporte congregation since 
1870 nnd lived In that faith until death. Services at his late 
home bv Bid. Wm. Hess, of Goshen. Interment In the Laporte 
cemetery— Mrs. Louise Sweeting. Lnporte, Ind. 

Rltslns, Sister Cnthnrlne, nee Shatter, died Dec 24, 1018, aged 
Si years and 17 days. She married John C. Myers To this 
union were born eight children. Her husband died |. ,1871. 
A number of yenrs later she mnrried Bro Henry Ritr.ns who 
preceded her. In early years she and her husband united with 
1 Christian church and later with the Church of the Brethren, 
„ which she was a faithful worker. Her last few years were 
inent nt the Old Folks' Home at. Mexico, Ind. She lenves two 
son" four grandchildren and three great-grandchildren. Serv- 
M. at the Courier house by Bid. Irvin Fisher. Interment In 
the near by cemetery— Bertha I. Fisher, Mexico, Ind. 

Royer, Sister Qoldle, nee Sawyer, born In Morrill, Kun.., died 
at her home, of heart trouble, following Inlluonr.n. Dec. 27, 1018. 
aged "i years » months and 10 days. Nov. 5. 1010, she mar- 
ried Mr F L Itoyer. To this union one child was horn. Early 
in life she'unlted with the Church of the Brethren BesMes her 
usband Mid little .on .he is survived by her father. Eld W. 
H H Sawver. five brothers and four sisters Service, at the 
home by the writer. Interment In the Morrill ceinetery.-C. B. 
Smith, Morrill, Kans. 

Schlo.ser, Sister Emma, wife of the lnte Eld. John W. Schlosser 
born in Schoeneck, Pa., died Dec. 20. 1018. aged 52 years 2 
months and 8 days. Death was due to n complicntioa of kidney 
"u benrt trouble. She is survived by three sons and three 
daughters She united with the church twenty-nine years ago 
and was a consistent member of the Springville church. Serv- 
ice, nt the home nnd nt the Stelnmetz meetinghouse by Bro. S. 
W ■Taylor nnd the home ministers. Interment In adjoining ceme- 
tnry— Anrou R.'Glbbel, Ephrata, Pa. 

Seott, Sister Sarah C, daughter of Samuel F. nnd Nancy Kln- 
,le was bom in Virginia. Her parent, drove overland from 
Virgin a to Miami County, Ind.. when she was bu a small 
cl did She was united in marriage with Daniel Scott, Dee. 25 
1873 To this union were born two children who tenderly cared 
for their mother in her long and painful sickness Stater Scott 
united with the church over thirty years ago. nnd lived an ex- 
emplary Chrtatlaa life. She wa. a devoted wife and mother 
Her highest ambition was to make home hnppy Dur ng her 
sickness she wns anointed. She died Dec. 22. 1018. aged 60 
•cars 5 months and 12 dnys. She is survived by her husband 
one son nnd one daughter. These, with her husband, lived in 
the parental home. There are also two grandchildren Services 
„ Mexico, by Eld. J. F. Appleman, of Nnppanee. Ind. Interment 
In the „d ncent cemetery on the forty-Mil. wedding nun iversnry. 
Dec 25 1918. Eld. S. T. Fisher, of Peru, Ind.. assisted in the 
funeral ' service— A. Lnura Appleman, Nappnnee, Ind. 

shntto. John, bom In Guernsey County, Ohio, died Dec 23 
1918, aged 7S years, months and 18 days. He married Matilda 
Frank To this union five children were born. The mother 
and two children preceded him nenrly forty years ago In 
1S79 he mnrried Anna Shively. To them seven children were born. 
One daughter died six years ago. He is survived by hisw.fe. 
nine children, twenty-six grandchildren, four sreat.grmdonll- 
dren nnd one brother. Mr. Shntto united with the Church of 
the Brethren In 1891. He served in the Union Army during he 
Civil War and received an honorable discharge. Service, at the 
church by Bro. S. Z. Smith. Interment in Grnceland cemetcry.- 
Bessie P. Schmidt. Sidney. Ohio. 

Shlrkey, Bro. Elmer Maylnnd, of the Unity ™ngree»tion Va 
died of pneumonia, following Inlluenra. Dec 21, ™, aged 3i 
year., months nnd 9 day.. He lenves his wife and four 
children. Service, nt the house by Bro. J S Roller Intern eat 
In the Linvllle Creek cemetery.-Anna P.. Roller, Tlmberville, 

Slough, Lou, nee Bishop, wife of Arthur Slough, died near 
nourbon ind., of cancer, Dec. 16. 1918, aged 34 years 2 months 
and 14 days. She leaves husband, three sons and four daughters 
Services nt Yellow River church by Rev. Keller, assisted hi 
Brethren E. E. Shively and Floyd E. Lecper. Interment in Mt. 
Pleasant cemetery.— Mrs. F. E. Leeper. Bourbon. Ind. 

Spongy, Sister Vlda June, daughter of Brother and Sister H. 
J. sTaugy of Hooversville, Pa., died at the City Hospital 
Johnstown Pa., Dec. 20. IMS. nged 18 years and 16 days Death 
was due to complications, following nn attack of Influenza. The 
deceased was the youngest member of a '» r e« f » m , lly - »°^ """ 
the first to depart this life. Services at the famUy home Dec. 
■'3 at 10 A M„ by the writer, assisted by Eld. P. J. Blough 
Text, 1 Cor. 15: 49. Interment In Mnple Spring cemetery.-M. 
Clyde Horst. Johnstown, Pa. 

Stover Murgaretta. daughter of Dr. and Mrs. Maurice Stayer, 
diej Of Si, nish indue,,,.. 8 Oct. 21. 1018. aged 6 years Service. 
,„ the home by Rev. J. N. Scheie., of the Christine, church. .as- 
sisted by the writer. Burial at Rockwood. Po.-C. C. Sollca- 
berger, Johnstown, Pa. 

Stroup, Mary, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James Stroup died 
Dec. 20, 1018, of pneumonia following Influenza, aged 18 y«»™. 
Short services at the home by Bro. Floyd E. Leeper Interment 
in Mt. Plensnnt cemetery.— Mrs. F. E. Leeper, Bourbon, Ind. 

Strrcmr, Sister Catherine, nee Gingerich. born in A"htanu 
County. Ohio, died nt her home in Elkhnrt County Ind., Dec 
22, 101S. aged 71 years. 5 months and 11 days. She married 
Abraham Stryeker Feb. 20. 1872. Her husband preceded her 
live yenrs She leaves six sens, two daughters, one sister nnd 
three brother.. Services by the writer at the Dnion Center house. 
—Henry Wysong. Nappanee. Ind. 

•vVnlter, Edw.. born in Philadelphia. Pa., died Dec. 18, 1018. 
aged 63 years and 3 day.. He united with the Church of the 
Brethren in 1SS5. He mnrried Minnie Scrogum in 1887. Two 
sons were born to this union. His wife died about four months 
ago He lenves two sons, six brothers nnd two sisters. Serv- 
ices nt the Woodland church by Eld. S. G. Bucher nnd Bro. 
S. S. Blough. Interment In Woodland cemetery— MrB. J. H. 
Bucher. Astoria, 111. 

Will Bert Edward, son of Brother Bert and Stater Kntle Will, 
born March 30 1018, died of Influenza, followed by pneumonia. 
Dee 2 1918. Services at the home by the undersigned. .In- 
terment In the South Beatrice cemetery. — Edgar Rothrock. 
Holmesvllle, Nebr. 

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Be will not foreaka the*. 


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No. Bios. The Lord Is my ehsp- 

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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1919 


Official Orcan of the Church of the Flrrthrerj 

A rellglouB weekly published by Brethren Publishing Bouse 

16 to 24 South State Street. Biffin, 111. Subscription price, U.W 

per annum, in advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents •xtrn.) 

L. mi l in, Edlto 

nlssloiis. One 

R. D. Cook, Dlllsburg, Pa., 

EDWARD FBANTZ, Office Editor 

... ,'LATE, A»»l*t«nt Editor 

SpPrlol Contributor*: H. B. Brumbaugh. Huntingdon Fa ; J. 

II Ttfoore SebrlUB. flu.; II C Early, Penn Laird, Va.; A. C. 

Wlrnini. Chicago, ill.; D. W. Kurtz, RIcPhcrson, Kana.; H. A. 

Brnndt, Elgin, III. 

Itn -i .t Manager, R- E, Arno ld 

"Entered at the Postofflce nt Elgin, III., hb Second-class Matter. 
Acceptance for moiling nt special rnU of p 01 tag* provided for in 
■action 1108, A ct of Octobw 3, 1017, authorised August 20, HUB. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 46) 
dered and nil were remembered with the usual sweetmeats A 
collection of J74.70 wob taken for Armenian and Syrinn Relief. 
The Sunday-school ndded ?30, making a totnl of $10-1.75,— Grace 
Merryman, Masontown, Pa,, Jan. 7. 

Hanover church met in council Jan. 1, with Eld. Daniel Bow- 
ser presiding. Church nnd Sunday-school officers were elected, 
with Bro Daniel T. Forry, Sunday-school superintendent; Bra. 
Jacob E Myers, president of the Christian Workers' Society; 
the writer, correspondent. Two letters were granted. We de- 
cldod to hold our love feast on Sunday, May 4. A constitution 
nnd by-lawB for the government of the Christian Workers So- 
ciety were adopted. Since our last report our Sunday-Bchool 
rendered an Interesting Christmas program and gnve *38 for 
Armenian and Syrian Relief.— Mary A. Rblnebnrt, Hanover, Fa., 
Jan. 0. 

Uitonlor Church opened for services Dec. IB, after being closed 
for eight weeks on account of the Influenza epidemic. Most of 
our number were sick, but all recovered. Bro. A. Klein Wol- 
ford n young minister from Santa Ana. Cal., preached for us 
In the morning, and Bro. J. W. Snnuer in the evening. Dec. 
29 two young people were baptized after services.— Opal Wol- 
ford Leonard, Llgonler, Pn„ Jan. 2. 

Lower Concwngo congregation met In council at the Wolga- 
muth house Nov. 23, with Eld. O. W. Cook presiding. We had 
n very pleasant meeting in discuBsing many questions con- 
cerning the welfare of the church. We decided^ we would re- 
spond both to home and foreign 
elected for the Wolgamuth house.- 
Jan. 1. 

Now Enterprise— Our serlea of meetings, conducted by Bro. 
C. D. Bonsnck, were very well attended, considering health 
conditions. At the end of two weeks we closed with eleven 
accessions by bnptiBm. We also held our love feast, which had 
been postponed since Nov. 5. Dec. 27 our Sunday-school suc- 
cessfully rendered a Christmas program. The church wns filled. 
An offering of ?27.91 was taken for the Armenian nnd Syrian 
Relief. The school also desired the money that would have 
been expended for Christmas candy to be donated to the same 
work. This nmounted to $45; individual organized classes 
gnve $15.32, making a total of $83.23. The quarterly members* 
meeting was held Jan. 4. with Eld. D. T. Detwller presiding. 
Our local ministers were appointed as n committee to secura an 
■evaogeliBt to conduct our meetings In the fall. Our pastor, Bro. 
H. Stover Eulp, who wishes to take up school-work in the fall, 
preparatory to his work in the mission field, has asked to be 
relieved. Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro, Oscar 
Beach nB superintendent.— Margaret Replogle, New Enterprise, 
Pa„ Jan. 4. 

Pittsburgh. — We held our Christmas exercises Dec. 22. The 
program wns very well rendered to a good-sized audience. We 
used the " White Gift " program, which brought a large number 
of useful gifts for the needy families of the city. Our offering 
nmounted to about $53. The work here 1b progressing nicely 
nnd we are looking forward to a year j of good things. — E. H. 
Hortzler, Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Roaring Spring.— Dec. S we held our Rally Day services. 
Brother nnd Sister Gnlen B. Royer were with us and gave some 
very Interesting and instructive addresses. Dec. 20 we met 
in council, with Bro. M. J. Weaver presiding. At this meeting 
we adopted a constitution and elected officers of the church 
and auxiliaries. Dec. 22 the primary department gave a very 
Interesting Christmas program, under the supervision of our 
primary superintendent, Sister Elizabeth Barnett. The chorus 
also rendered some appropriate selections. We will meet in 
council Jnn. 10, to close the work of 1918, and to make plans 
for the new year. The church has purchased a parsonage ad- 
joining the church grounds, and in the spring will secure pos- 
session of the snme. — Lena M, Hoover, Roaring Spring, Pa., 
Jan. 0. 

Rommel church having been closed on account of influenza 
since Oct. 6, with the exception of one Sunday (Nov. 24), had 
the privilege of enjoying services again Dec. 29. We assembled 
In council Dec. 30. Our pastor, Bro. H. B. Helsey, Is retnlned. 
Two letters were granted. Bro. Jns. E. Murphy was reelected 
Sunday-school superintendent. Other church and Sunday-school 
officers were elected. Our treasurer reported a balance of $300 
in the treasury, although we incurred the additional expense of 
equipping the parsonnge with electric lights and a heating sys- 
tem.— Mrs. Jas. E. Murphy, Rummel, Pa„ Dec. 31. 

Scalp Level congregation, which Includes Windber nnd Scalp 
Level, met In council Dec. 30. Officers nnd committees were 
elected for the coming year, with Bro. J. H. Lehman as "Messen- 
ger" agent, and Sister Harvey Knavel and the writer as cor- 
responding secretaries. Bro. H. S. Replogle, our pastor, was re- 
elected for another year. A letter from Sister Grace Clapper wns 
read. Brother and Sister Replogle were appointed to send a 
reply to Sister Clapper's message.— Amy Manges, Scalp Level, 

, Jan. 1. 

Spring Grove church met in council Dec. 29. Eld. I. W. Taylor 
presided. Sunday-school officers were elected for the coming 
year, with Bro. Frank Weltzel, superintendent. Our delegate 
to Annual Meeting is Eld. L W. Taylor; to District Meeting, 
Bro. Amos M. Martin and the writer. Our series of meetings, 
which was to be held at the Voganvllle house, was canceled for 
the winter, on account of the epidemic. We elected Bro. I. W. 
Taylor bb elder for a term of three years. — Florence L. Mohler, 
New Holland, Pa., Jan. 4. < 

Vlewnaont church, of the West Johnstown congregation, met 
in council Dec, 19, and elected officers for the coming year. Bro. 
Clyde M. Horst, elder in charge, presided. The following of- 
ficers were elected : Bro. Arthur Rummel, clerk ; Bro. Henry 
Hofacker, trustee for a term of three years; Brethren Geo. L. 
Peterson, Jacob S, Stutzman and Henry Hofecker, a committee to 
secure a pastor. It Is also their duty to keep the pulpit sup- 
plied each Sunday until a pastor la secured. Two letters were 
granted. Bro. Louis Fritz haB returned from Camp Lee, hav- 
ing been discharged from service. More of our boj-B are ex- 
pected in the near future.— Mrs. Charles H. Stutzman, Johns- 
town, Pa., Jan. 6. 

Walnut Grove. — We celebrated the birth of our Lord on 
Sunday evening, Dec. 22. Though the church had been closed 
for a number of weeks, the committee worked hard, and a 
very appropriate and interesting program was rendered, in con- 
nection with the White Gift service- An offering of over $250 
was lifted for charitable and relief work. The T«acher-tralning 

Class In the first Standard Course graduated with an appropriate 
service Dec. 8. Another class is in progress now. Seal Course 
classes, hindered by the Influenza epidemic, are planning to be- 
gin work ngaln. Dec. 20 a financial rally, in the interest of 
the new church debt, wbb held. The Sunday-school offering 
nmounted to over $550— Elizabeth W. Howe, Johnstown, Pa.', 
Jan, 6. 

West Conestoga congregation has closed a very interesting and 
helpful serlea of meetings, conducted by Bro. H. B. Yoder, of 
Lancaster, Pa. He preached twenty-six sermons In all. Fifteen 
were baptized the first dny of the New Tear. We hope there 
may be still more.— A. G. Fahnestock, Litltz, Pa.. Jnn. 2. 


Basic— It is with great joy that I send this report, as we 
have been enjoying many rich blessings. Dec. 1 Bro. A. S. 
Thomas began a series of meetings and continued for two 
weeks, after which the. writer took charge. There were sixty- 
nine confessions; thirty-six have been received and twenty-five 
await baptism, Dec. 27 we met in council and elected our church 
and Sundny-scbool officers. We decided to hold onr love feast 
Feb. 1, and would be very glad to have our neighboring brethren 
come. The work here is very encouraging. May the Lord blesB 
his work and workers everywhere. — L. S. Yoder, Basic, Va., 
Dee, 29. 

Elk Run church met in council Jah. 4, with Eld. W. H. Zigler 
presiding. Three letters were granted. Bro. Caleb Smith was 
appointed "Messenger" correspondent. Some repair work is 
being done on the church, preparatory to District Meeting, to 
which we are looking forward the coming spring. Our Sunday- 
school was reorganized with Bro. E. D. Smith as superintend- 
ent.— Carrie V. Huffer, Staunton. Vo., Jan. 7. 

Grtenmount — After having been without services for Ave 
weeks, we were glad for the privilege of again assmbllng to- 
gether. Nov, 15 we met In council. Superintendents of the 
different schools In the congregation were chosen, with Bro, 
W. F. Gnrber for the Greenmouut seho61. Dec. 28 Greenmonnt 
church again met in council, with Eld. J. W. Wampler presid- 
ing. One letter of membership wns granted. Committees were 
appointed nnd church offlders elected. Bro. D. C. Myers was 
chosen Christian Workers' president and Sister Katie Kline 
correspondent for the Mt. ZIon church. — Annie Miller, Harrison- 
burg, Va., Jan. 2. 

Harrisonburg:. — Bro. B. S. Coffman came to us Sept. 1, as pastor 
of the Harrisonburg church. The work is progressing nicely, in 
spite of the epidemic. Almost every family has been afflicted 
by the disease. Through the help and inspiration of Bro. 
Coffman we raised more than $700 toward the debt on the 
Sunday-school rooms. Our Christmas program was rendered on 
the morning of Dec. 20. An offering of $15 was taken for Ar- 
menian and Syrinn Relief. We met in council Jan. 3. Officers 
were elected, with Bro. P. S. Thomas as elder, and Bro. J. E. 
Roller, Sunday-school superintendent. — Mary Blosser, Harrison- 
burg, Va„ Jan. 7. 

Peters Creek church met In annual Thanksgiving service In 
the Peters Creek house; also in the Oak Grove houBe. After 
recounting the blessings of the year, an offering of $138 was 
taken for the General Mission Board, to help in raising the 
$200,000 asked for. We also had services Christmas Day. Bro. 
C. E. Eller preached. Bro, Eller impressed upon us the spirit 
of true worship and how that our gifts constitute a part of that 
worship- Dec. 20 our Christmas program was rendered. At 
our last council it was decided that our congregation establish 
a relief fund of $1,000. After the program a strong appeal was 
made by Bro. Levi Garst and an offering of $1,078 was lifted. 
The following Sunday, at the Oak Grove house, $212 was raised, 
making a total of $1,290. We expect more to be added to this 
fund. In addition to this our young people are giving half of 
their Christmas money for relief work. — Mildred Naff, Roanoke, 
Va„ Dec. 31. 

Schoolfleld.— From Dec, 20 to 29 our elder, Bro. H. J. Woody, 
delivered a series of Inspiring sermons. We met in council Dec. 
28. Bro. Woody was elected as elder for 1019, and Bro. A. T. 
Prather, superintendent of Sunday-school- We had a New 
Year's service Jnn. 1, conducted by the writer. At thlB service 
one confessed Christ.— W. C, Swift, Schoolfleld, Va„ Jan. 2, 


Loomift church met in council Dec. 27, at, the Britain Flat 
school house. Our services have all been closed for about eight 
weeks because of the influenza epidemic. Having had no serv- 
ice on Thanksgiving Day, we recently took our offering for 
World-wide Missions. It amounted to $80. Two letters were 
received. Bro. Geo. Shamberger was elected as elder in charge, 
with our other four elders as bis assistants. Bro. C. E. Holmes 
was reelected clerk. The building of our churchhouse has been 
deferred until the next council. — Mrs. Alice Rothrock, Tonasket, 
Wash., Jan, 4. 

Wenatehee Park church met in council Dec 21, and tlected 
officers for the coming year. Bro. A. B, Peters was present to 
assist. Sister Maud Welmer waB elected Sunday-school super- 
intendent ; the writer, elder in charge and "Messenger" corres- 
pondent. Dec. 23 Bro. Warren Slabaugh commenced a Bible 
Institute, which continued until Dec. 31. The attendance was 
not large, — an average of seventeen being present. We feel 
much benefited by having Bro. Slabaugh with us. He presented 
the truth in Buch a forceful manner that It made some very 
lasting impresslous.— C. p. Rupel, Plain, Wash., Jan. 2, 


German Settlement.— Dec. 22 we began "our twelfth Annual 
Bible Institute, which continued until Dec. 29. Eld. I. N. H. 
Beahm gnve us a thirty-five minute talk each morning on "The 
Acts of the Apostles." In the afternoon be gave us a forty- 
minute talk on "Sunday-school Pedagogy and Homlletlcs." He 
also preached each evening. Eld. Jonas Fike taught from the 
Book of James. Bro. J. C. Beahm and his two daughters were 
here to assist. Prof. Beahm led the singing during the week, 
and gave us several interesting talks on " Church Government." 
Sisters Ruth and Stella Beahm gave several readings. Bro. 
Oren Gorner and Prof. F. L. Malott assisted by giving talks. 
Other home workers also took Dart in the program. Two let- 
ters were granted, and Bro. H. C. Miller was installed Into the 
ministry, The program for Dec. 29 consisted of a prayer and 
missionary program. These meetings have been very helpful to 
all.— Goldle Judy, Eglon, W. Va., Jan. 1. 

Mt. Union church met in council at the Miles Hill house Dec. 
26, and elected officers for the coming year, with the writer 
as elder and pastor; Bro. Jas. Hamilton, Sunday-school super- 
intendent. It was decided to hold a Bible Term in tha near 
future. Our church and Sunday-school are doing fairly well. 
Both attendance nnd Interest are good. Bro. Wm. Hamilton 
nnd wife came on Christmas Eve, and we were very glad to have 
them with us. Bro. Hamilton preached on Sunday evening fol- 
lowing. Bro. Francis Hamilton, wife and daughter, from North- 
eastern Ohio, are also here. — Solomon Bucklew, Morgantown, W 
Va., Jan. 2, 


Word en church met In council Dec. 31, with Bro. J. MT Myers 
presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected, with 
Bro. Wlllurd Henderson, Sunday-school superintendent, and Sis- 
ter Mira Crlpe. superintendent of Christian Workers' Society. 
Two letters were received. The writer was chosen correspond- 
ent and " Messenger " agent. On account of the epidemic we 
discontinued Sunday-school and preaching services for a time, 
but we are now meeting regularly, with renewed Interest. — Mollle 
Turner, Stanley, W1b., Jan. 1. 


of the Church of the Brethren 

19 19 


The Forward Movement, 2 

The Living Church, 4 

Home and Foreign Missions 8 

The Sunday-school Work, ' 14 

Educational Progress, 20 

Temperance 23 

The Peace Committee 26 

Child Rescue Work, 27 

Dress Reform, 1 28 

Sisters' Aid Societies, ...» 31 

The Confessions of an Editor, By J. H. Moore, . . 32 
Historical Sketch of Printing in the Church, 

By D. L. Miller 34 

Literary Activity of the Brethren, By Jno. S. 

Flory, 39 

Entered into Rest * . 46 

Lafayette L. Steele, William R. Deeter, 

Jesse C. Ziegler, Roy A. Frantz, 

Jacob D. Haughtelin. 

Official Directory, 53 

Ministerial List, 54 

Churches and Missions 77 

District Mission Boards, 87 

Almanac 90 

Ten cents will bring you the Yearbook or Breth- 
ren Family Almanac. It contains 96 pages of ma- 
terial that will save you many times its price. 



of thfe 


Do you have all of these books? Note also that " 
Bro. M. M. Eshelman's Open Way into Revelation " 
which was $1.00 is now on special sale at 50c per copy. * ' 


Biography of James M. Neff $ .80 

Life and Sermons of James Quinter, 1.00 

Life of R. H. Miller, 1.00 

Religious Poetry of Mack, 50 \', 

Thrilling Incidents and Poetical Musings on 

Sea and Land 1.35 * [ 


History of the Brethren in Virginia $1.00 

Literary Activity of the Brethren, 1.25 

Nineteen Centuries of the Christian Church, .. .50 

Some Who Led, 60 

Thirty-three Years of Missions, 1.25 

Two Centuries of the Church of the Brethren, 

Cloth $1.50, Half Leather, 2.50 


The Beatitudes, $ .75 

Christian Attire, 10 

Christianity at the Fountain, 1.00 

Close Communion, 35 

Doctrine of the Brethren Defended^ 65 

Dress Reform, 20 

God's Means of Grace 2.00 

Head Dress for Women, 05 

Kesler-Ellmore Debate, 1.50 

Lord Our Righteousness 50 

New Testament Baptism 10 

New Testament Doctrines, JS 

Olive Branch of Peace, 75 

Open Way into Revelation, 50 

Outline of Fundamental Doctrines, 25 

Trine Immersion 75 


» 4- t "K"H '< " I'*- l" t- H ..|..|..| „ |, <l< „ |,. 1 .. | .. M ., | ,. |„ ll | | I .t. in i, I , i ll H . * 

The Gospel Messenger 

"Tills gospel of the 
preached In the whole ' 

STRETCHING FORWARD."— Philpp. 15:13 

'in mii to . . . Ihe stature 
of Christ."— BIpB. 4:14.' 

Vol. 68 

Elgin, 111., January 25, 1919 

No. 4 

In This Number 

Editorial, — 

Why We Are So Few J 

ReHBion and Pure Religion •■■•• 

Child Guidance and Mule "Drivnnee" (A. C. W .) 

Standing on the Promises ,'";;,' 

Congregations Changing Conference Derisions (D. i. M.), 

The Novelty in Life (J. H. M.) r '"• 

Excursions In Booklnnd (IT. A. B.) ■ ■ '"' 

The Quiet Hour ■ bb 

Among the Churches "" 

Around the World \ 

Contributors' Forum, — * 

Ib Anybody Happier (Poem)! ^ 

Tlie Forward Movement. By J. M. Plough bl 

Will a Man Rob God? By Ira J. Lapp bl 

Confession. By R. H. Miller & r 

A Mighty Responsibility. By J. S. Sherfy b_ 

Tapers. By Agnes M. Gelb °- 

A Justified Eslstence. By W. O. Beekner. »; 

The Passing of Norn Arnold Liehty. By J. W. Lear, .. S3 

The Round Table, — 

The Surgeon's Prayer. By Mrs. J. Z. Gilbert 54 

" The Man with the Hoe." By D. W. Shook b4 

Missionary Sacrlneo. By Herman J. Grove u* 

Our Relatives. By Ellsn Pope Van Dyne j» 

Without Christ. By Leander Smith \ »* 

Home and Family, — 

Winter (Poem). By Julia Grnydon, 58 

The Minister's Wife. By Fern M. Wagner bs 

of God" cause you to do, or think, or feel? That 
is your religion. Have you examined it lately to see 
40 if it is "pure"? ^_^__^^^^_ 

J5 Child Guidance and Mule "Drivance" 
™ " I will instruct thee and tcacli thee in the way which 

hV» thou shalt go: I will counsel thee with mine eye upon 
r,fi thee. Be ye not as the horse, or as the mule, which have 
"*? no understanding" (Psa. 32: 8, 9). 


Why We Are So Few 

" But numbers are no mark 

That men will right be found. 
, A few were saved in Noah's ark 

" While many millions drowned." 

You remember the old hymn, don't you? At least 
the lines quoted above. They state the truth. But it is 
one of those truths which lend themselves so easily 
to selfish uses. The amount of pious laziness which 
these lines have soothed to sleep is beyond-'all estimate. 
If we could really believe that this little product of 
the rhymester's art is an adequate explanation of our 
failure to achieve numerical success, we might take 
some just comfort from it. 'But who con believe this? 
Who will say that more consecration of our hearts and 
hands and purses to the progress of the Kingdom 
would not have yielded a much larger fruitage? 

Is one hundred thousand the limit of our possi- 
bilities? Is that a charmed figure that for a generation 
past we could only say, when asked how many there 
were of us : " Oh, about a hundred thousand " ? What 
magic is there in that number that we can not go be- 
yond it? 

None, but the " magic " of easy contentment with 
our own comfortable circumstances, and the " magic " 
of selfish unconcern about the rest of humankind. Let 
us be honest about this thing! It is no time now to 
quiet our guilty consciences with poetry. The proper 
mood is that of confession, humiliation and penitence, 
that God may forgive our slothfulness and use us from 
this time on in pushing the Kingdom forward. 

One of our popular proverbs is: "Experience 
teaches a dear school, but fools will learn in no other." 
In our text, the Psalmist tells the same story from 
another point of view, so far as it relates to God's 
children, and his methods of dealing with them. 

There are two pictures in this scripture. The first 
is that of the guiaance of a child, with the parental 
eye always upon it, watching the child, to help it at 
the proper moment. The child in the home is, as a 
rule, never out of the mother's sight, always under 
her watchful eye. Th'e child is uneasy when he loses 
consciousness of the mother's presence, and the moth- 
er is uneasy when she does not know 'where the child 
is. . 

Being thus in the constant presence of each other, the 
mother is able to counsel the child at every moment 
of need. At every new turn of events she caff give the 
proper teaching and instruction. This is the picture of 
"child-guidance" which is suggested by the words: 
" I will counsel thee with mine eye upon thee." ' 

Contrasted with this is the other picture of a horse 
or a mule, with a bit in his mouth and a bridle on his 
head,— jerked first this way and then that by a driver. 
It is a picture not of guidance, but of "drivance," 
if one may be permitted to use that term. It is the 
kind of management that a mule must have. And so, 
also, mulish dispositions among God's children must 
be handled in the same way. 

God's preference, of course, is to deal with us al- 
ways as with little children, and not as with mules or 
donkeys, which have to be driven with a stick or club 
here or there. 

The same truth was expressed in a little different 

way to Saul of Tarsus, when the Lord met him and 
said to him: "Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? It 
is hard for thee to kick against the goads." Evidently 
something was goading on Saul, — goading him in his 
conscience. And he, smarting under such goad- 
ings, was kicking at the goad, — thus hurting himself 
more than ever. But finally, Saul was willing to yield 
and say: "Lord, what wilt thou have me to do?" 
And ever afterwards he was very amenable to the 
Lord's guidance. Let us beware' lest we, too, fail 
to respond to the gentle instruction of our Heavenly 
Father, and must suffer the rough handling of ad- 
versity to keep us in the path of duty and rectitude. 
a. c. w. 

Religion and^ Pure Religion 

James tells us what pure religion is, but what would 
you say religion is, just religion, without any qualify- 
ing adjective? Here is a definition that may start you 
on a line of profitable thinking: "Religion! is the re- 
action of the soul to the impulse of God." 

Does that "reaction" bother you? The idea is 
that every human being feels somehow the impact of 
God upon his soul. God " speaks " to him in some 
way, perhaps in many ways. Now the thing the 
man does, or refuses to do, in response to the divine 
impulse within him,— his attitude, whatever it is — 
that constitutes his " reaction " and that is his re- 
ligion. . 

What is your reaction? What does the impulse 

Standing on the Promises 

The value of a promise depends partly on the na- 
ture of the promise itself but chiefly on the nature of 
the one who makes it. In the case of those promises 
which Peter describes as " exceeding great and pre- 
cious," we have been accustomed to think mainly of the 
first condition. And this condition is indeed abundant- 
ly fulfilled, since these promises involve " all things 
that pertain unto life and godliness." 

But even such comprehensive promises would be 
valueless without the requisite ability and sincerity 
back of them. It is only when we think of this aspect 
of the matter that we begin to realize what it is that 
really makes God's promises so " precious." And as 
this realization grows upon us, we do not think so 
much about the promises as we do about the love and 
wisdom and power which the promises express. 

Children like to exact promises of their parents and 
good parents like to promise good things to their chil- 
dren. But as the children grow older and become bet- 
ter acquainted with their parents, and understand the 
constant concern of their parents for their welfare, 
they are less anxious about striking bargains with them. 
They know they can trust their parents' love for them. 

Standing on the promises of God is good. Stand- 
ing on the character of God, as revealed in Jesus, is 
still better. 

Congregations Changing Conference Decisions 

A good, faithful sister writes, asking if it is the right 
of a local congregation to change by vote the decisions 
of our General Conference. Reference is made to the 
fact that such action had been taken and that it is 
under contemplation by others. A very earnest request 
was made that the subject receive attention in our 
church paper. 

There can be but one answer to this question. No 
congregation has'a right to change or set aside a de- 
cision of our Annual Conference. Admit this right, 
and it at once destroys our form of church govern- 
ment, and not ours only but every other form of union 
in government. If a congregation has the right to 
change a decision of Conference, then the individual 
has the right to change decisions of the^ongregation, 
-and individualism results. The story is told of a 
church in Scotland that fell into individualism. A good 
man and his faithful wife stood together for some time. 
Finally a doctrinal difference arose between- them. 
After a lengthy discussion, the deacon said to his com- 
panion : " Weel, Janet, I am sure o' mesel, but I dinna 
ken aboot you I " 

Our church has held, from the beginning, that the 
counsel of the Brotherhood, in Conference assembled, 
should be accepted by the entire membership. We have 

the best form of church government in the world. 
Our national government is based on the same lines. 
There is no ruling ecclesiasticism among us. Each 
congregation manages its own local affairs. It elects 
its own officials and has the right to determine the 
ordination of bishops. Each one elects delegates to 
represent them at District and Annual Conferences. 
The delegates to District Meetings elect members of 
the Standing Committee and these, with the delegates 
from the congregations, become the voting body in 
the Annual Meeting. If a query, after discussion by 
this body, receives a two-thirds vote of the delegates, 
it becomes the counsel and rule of the Brotherhood. 
Ours is essentially a representative, republican form 
of government. If we are to have a Christ union in 
our Christian Brotherhood, no better form of govern- 
ment could be adopted. And this means that we must 
give :nsent to the decisions of our Conference. 

Suppose that, in our national government, some of 
the States were to assume the right to change and set 
aside the decisions of our National Congress, signed by 
the President, what would result? Anarchy, and the 
destruction of government. Once men fought for 
State rights, but were overcome, and now our Union 
is stronger than it has ever been in the history of the 


fttfc 60St»Et MESSENdEft-January 25, 1919 

United States. If we want our church union to be 
strong, we must abide by the counsel of our General 

A query, to pass legally, must first receive the assent 
of a local congregation and pass the District Meeting. 
It then goes to the Annual Meeting, where it is fully 
discussed and voted on. In the discussion of questions, 
full liberty is given, and sisters have the same right as 
the men, to speak. If the query, after full discussion, 
receives a two-thirds vote of the delegates, it passes; 
otherwise it is lost. If it passes, it becomes the rule of 
the Brotherhood. 

As already indicated, for a local congregation to as- 
sume authority to change or set aside a decision of 
Conference, means the setting aside and breaking up 
of our form of church government. What is the use 
of holding an Annual Conference, paying out tens of 
thousands of dollars for railway and other expenses, 
having delegates assemble from all parts of the coun- 
try, discuss end pass queries and then have them set 
nside by individuals, and local congregations? If this 
sort of thing prevails, it can have but one ending,— 
the breaking up of our form of church government. 

It is safe to say that this movement did not start in 
with congregations but with individuals. Some began 
setting aside Conference decisions that did not happen 
to suit them. Some leaders in the church did the same 
thing. If a decision did not please them, they ignored 
it. Here is an illustration: Conference wisely decided 
that no solicitation for money for church purposes be 
made by individuals. These calls should come through 
District and the General Mission Boards. Prior to 
this, the Brotherhood was flooded with individual so- 
licitations for various purposes and some of these 
proved failures. A good, influential brother wanted a 
churchhouse in his new neighborhood. This was a 
good desire and he should have followed the advice of 
Conference, but he ignored it and made a private 
solicitation. One brother received a letter from him, 
and sent him a sum of money ; also a letter, calling his 
attention to the fact that he was violating a decision 
of Conference. His reply was: "Oh, this is only a 
very small matter." Since this leading brother assumed 
the right to violate a decision of Conference, others 
followed his example, and this has grown until we 
hear of such things to which our sister refers. 

We'repeat again, these considerations bring forcibly 
to the front the important question : " Are we to con- 
tinue to hold Annual Conferences, spend large sums of 
money, discuss and pass upon queries, only to have 
them set aside by individuals and local congregations?" 
Will you consider this question carefully and prayer- 
fully, and answer it in accord with the Gospel and in 
line with common sense and sound reason. 

It would be a sad day for the Church of the Breth- 
ren to set aside her Annual Conferences. So much 
good is done in the fine, spiritual meetings, held these 
times, in connection with the Conference. It would 
be an irreparable loss to the church. Better let us, as 
individual members and local congregations, live up to 
the decisions, and if they do not suit us, let us bring 
up queries to have them changed. This is the only 
way in which we can successfully carry out our Gospel 
form of church government. d. l. m. 

The Novelty in Life 

In Luke 3: 23, according to the Revised Version, we 
read that Jesus was about thirty years old when he be- 
gan to teach, or when he entered upon his public min- 
istry. This was also the age of John the Baptist when 
he began his preaching in the wilderness. 

In the New Testament no reason is given why the 
work of the Kingdom should be thus delayed. Not a 
few commentators suggest that, since thirty years was 
the age when the priests entered upon their official du- 
ties, that fact had some bearing on the action of John 
and Jesus. This age was reckoned by both the Greeks 
and the Jews as the period of full maturity of the men- 
tal and physical powers of men for either sacred or 
civil duties. As regards the law, it probably played no 
part in determining the time when the two men of 
prophecy should enter upon their missions. They were 

not priests, and, of course, were not governed by the 
regulations intended solely for the priesthood. 

Nor do we think that time for mental and physical 
preparation cut any special figure. Jesus at twelve 
knew enough to distinguish himself among the Jewish 
doctors of the law. He was only a boy, and in a way 
he had boyish habits, and yet he was an intellectual 
marvel. However, at the age of twenty-one he was in 
a position to make a better impression on the people as 
a man, and this increased as he grew older. At the age 
of thirty he was looked upon as a well-matured man, a 
man among men and as such, capable of commanding 
the respect of men. Had he begun his preaching at 
the age of fifteen, he would have been looked upon as 
a boy, and the novelty of the situation would have at- 
tracted more attention, and would have drawn more 
people to his meetings than the doctrine he taught. 
Thirty was probably the psychological time for Jesus, 
as well as John, to make his mission known. Both were 
to do the work of men and not of boys. They went 
about their work as men, — and marvelous men, too. 

If there were, in those days, people looking for the 
mere novelty in public work, Jesus made no special 
effort to gratify their curiosity. True, the masses mar- 
veled at the miracles performed, but the thinking men 
and women saw something more than curiosity in the 
wonders they beheld. Miracles were made to mean 
something, and this something was to prove that Jesus 
is the Christ, the real Son of God. What was done 
and said gave men and women a higher conception of 
the man and his mission. The novelty was lost sight 
of and the real question to decide was whether Jesus 
is the Christ, and whether he taught the doctrine 
that God authorized him to teach. It was looking at 
things from a plane higher than that pertaining to fhe 

In" this age we are a novelty-loving people. Men 
and women will go for miles to listen to a sermon de- 
livered by a man one hundred years old. It is not a 
question as to how well the man can preach, or what, 
doctrine he may set forth. It is the age of the speaker 
that draws. It is the same of the fifteen -year-old boy, 
who, by chance, occupies the pulpit. As a rule, he is a 
better drawing card than the most profound preach- 
er in the State. The girl of twelve, who feels im- 
pressed to preach, can almost empty the best churches 
in town and fill some out-of-the-way audience room. 
She may not know as much about the Bible as the 
most inefficient preacher in the community, but she 
can get a better hearing than all the ministers in town 
put together. 

The time was when a woman preacher could easily 
fill the most spacious assembly hall to be had. Hun- 
dreds would go to church early, in order to be sure of 
a seat, just because a woman was going to preach. On 
such occasions the sound church-going sleepers would 
never think of taking their accustomed nap in the 
pews. The woman in the pulpit could do more than 
any of the gifted ministers. She could keep her audi- 
ence awake. What she said may have been fine, and 
her methods of presenting truths may have been above 
the ordinary. But it was the novelty of the situation 
that brought the people to the meetings. In these days, 
when it is common for women to fill pulpits, they do 
not draw like they did fifty years ago. The same thing 
is true of the boy preachers. We see more of them and 
the novelty of the situation has disappeared. 

Fifty years ago an Oriental traveler came into the 
town where we lived. It was announced that he had 
visited the ruins of Babylon, had written a book con- 
cerning his researches in the Bible Lands, and that on 
Monday evening he would lecture on his travels. When 
the evening came the house was packed. We were 
there too, and on one of the front seats. We would 
never think of missing an opportunity of hearing 
something about the ancient metropolis of the Eu- 
phrates region. Scores'came out of curiosity. The 
novelty of the thing drew them. Scores sought in- 
formation, and those who had ears to hear got the 
worth of their money. In our day a few Bible Land 
travelers can still command fine audiences, but only 
about one in ten is succeeding. Oriental travelers are 
becoming common. We get used to them and they 
fail to attract more than ordinary attention. The nov- 

elty has disappeared and the people are looking for 
something new. 

The preaching of Jesus may have been new in the 
beginning, but during his earthly sojourn it never 
grew old. What he taught is not old even now. It 
is still new and will remain new as long as time may 
last. The Master did not depend upon mere novelty 
to secure an audience. It was what he did and what 
he said that moved the people, and the grand truths he 
uttered are still relished. We may even now be in- 
fluenced by the novelty, and finally grow tired of the 
things that are merely fascinating, but somehow the 
great fundamental truths of Christianity remain by us, 
and by them our lives are shaped. j. h. M: 

Excursions in Bookland 

* Making Good in the Ministry. Robertson, $1.00 
The successful minister's life is much more than a series 
of chicken dinners. Only those who have been preachers, 
or who are acquainted with the habits of a preacher, ap- 
preciate the hard work that lies back of " making good in 
the ministry." In its way the work of the minister is not 
less exhausting than the work of the farmer or of the 
business man. Preaching is a profession demanding an 
energy, application, and an indifference to monetary re- 
wards that is equalled by few other catlings in life. 

Like every other man whose heart is in his work, the 
minister is a worker who desires to succeed. Deep down 
in his heart every minister desires to make good in the 
ministry, although he may be compelled, for a season, to 
make tents or sell real estate. It is for this reason that 
the story of John Mark, of New Testament times, makes 
a book of interest to all preachers. John Mark had no 
little difficulty in getting under way, and in this he was 
not unlike the average minister. His experience will 
serve as a sample of some of the problems that confront 
the average minister. Professor A. T. Robertson has 
taken all the fact* that have come to light with reference 
to John Mark and woven them together into a biograph- 
ical narrative which he calls: MAKING GOOD IN THE 
MINISTRY. It seemed to the Bookman, however, that 
the author did not quite measure up to the promise of 
the title and the chapter headings of the book; and yet it 
may be that the Bookman expected too much for his dol- 

Pedagogy for Ministers. Hobart, $1.00 

A somewhat different approach to the problem of "mak- 
ing good in the ministry " is suggested by Professor Ho- 
bart's," Pedagogy for Ministers." There is much that the 
minister can appropriate from psychology and pedagogy. 
The main wonder is that there has not been a more con- 
scious effort to profit from these other fields of knowledge. 

It seems to the Bookman, who happens also to be a 
minister, that there is altogether too much emphasis placed 
on the public side of the work of the/preacher. There is 
a tendency to regard the public delivery of a message as 
the sum and substance of the work of the minister. But 
the preacher is more than an orator; the successful preach- 
er is also a teacher. Where the preacher is nothing more 
than an orator, the congregation is very apt to go home 
and do as it pleases after a brief season of mutual con- 
gratulation. Perhaps this undue emphasis on the orator- 
ical side of the minister's work has helped to fix the gulf 
that too often exists between Sunday religion and week- 
day living. 

There is a way, too, in which the overemphasis, so 
often put upon the public side of the work of the preacher, 
tends to give us weak and scattered churches, continually 
crying out for pastors but receiving none. When minis- 
ters go here and there, preaching the Word, but do not 
provide for proper follow-up work, there is apt to result 
a whole string of little shepherdless flocks. Sometimes 
the isolated flocks arise from the migratory habits of 
members, but often they arise also from the roving preach- 
er who has not discovered that the preacher must also be 
a teacher. Such preachers can not claim to be true to the 
Pauline practice unless they return to visit and encourage 
the churches they have started. Even then, such scattered 
churches do not begin to have the chance to grow as do 
those churches in which the preacher settles down and, 
becoming a leader in the community, carries on the work 
thus begun to its logical conclusion. 

Because we think of the preacher as an orator and not 
as a teacheV, when it would be more proper to think of 
him as both, we are inclined to overemphasize the im- 
portance of the work of the evangelist. The spectacular 
work of the evangelist too often blinds us to the fact that 
the series of meetings will do the congregation little 
permanent good unless the home ministering body con- 
tinue the work thus begun on throughout the year. Of 
course the occasional special evangelistic service has its 
place in getting new blood into the church, and yet such 
efforts do not mean much unless the new converts are 
properly cared for. We need to cultivate as well as to 
sow the seed. 

There are still other complications that arise out of a 


THE GOSPEL MESSENOER-January 25, 1919 

narrow conception of the work of the minister. If, as a 
result of our conception of the-minister as orator only, 
we give undue importance to the work of the evangelist, 
we need not be surprised if people come to think that the 
only time to join the church is when a series of meetings 
is on. This sometimes gets to be the case, unless death 
threatens and haste must be made. Then, too, magnifying 
the work of the evangelist tends to make people feel that 
the evangelist should do all of the work at the time of a 
series of meetings. The congregation is apt to lean back 
with the air of one who says: " Go to, now; get us a lot 
of people." 

Sometimes the evangelist accepts this challenge and a 
still further complication arises. The evangelist brings in 
the people all right, but he does it in such a way that they 
look to. him and not to the church. This last happens 
when the evangelist fails to realize that the finest tiling 
that he can do is to leave the new converts thoroughly 
loyal to the local leadership. 

The Bookman may have strayed a good way from 
" Pedagogy for Ministers," and yet he feels that he has 
not used the book as simply a spring-board text. A book 
that puts the emphasis on the minister as teacher, and 
thus neutralizes some of the over-emphasis on the minis- 
ter as orator, is really dealing with the questions we have 
just been discussing. Our aim has been to show that the 
preacher who thinks- that his work is done when a con- 
vert has been baptized, is mistaken. The work has really 
only begun, for he who said to baptize, also said that we 
should teach them to observe all things. Of course 
■ "Pedagogy for Ministers" seeks to apply some of the 
simpler laws of pedagogy to both the oratorical and the 
teaching phases of the ministry, but we 1 have chosen to 
notice the last, because it is the part most commonly over- 


Is Anybody Happier? 

Is. anybody happier because you passed his way? 
Does anyone remember that you spoke to him today? 
This day is almost over and its toiling time is through; 
Is there anyone to utter now a kindly word of you? 

Did you give a cheerful greeting, to the friend who came 

Or a churlish sort of "howdy" and then vanish in the 

Were you selfish, pure and simple, as you rushed along 

your way, 
Or is some one mighty grateful for a deed you did today? 

Can you say tonight, in parting with the day that's slipping 

That you helped a single brother of the many that you 

Is a single heart rejoicing over what you did or said? 
Does a man whose hopes were fading now with~couragc 

look ahead? 

Did you waste the day or use it; was it well or poorly 

Did you leave a trail of kindness or a scar of discontent? 
As you close your eyes in slumber, do you think that God 

i would say, 
You have earned one more tomorrow by the work you 

did today? '• — Detroit Free Press. 

The Forward Movement 


Jan. 1, 1919, should mark the beginning of a new era 
of aggressive evangelism in the Church of the Breth- 
ren. We have passed our Bicentennial and yet our 
membership is but 100,000. It would seem (to an on- 
looker at least) that there has been something vitally 
wrong with our evangelism in the past. Not that suc- 
cess or progress is measured by numbers, but, faced 
as we were, with a heathen world of accessible mil- 
lions and a large percentage of non-Christians in 
America, there is absolutely no justifiable reason for 
our lack of growth in the past. So, first of all, let us 
come humbly before our God and confess our failure 
to obey his great command. Yes, let us confess it with 
shame and penitence. 

A year ago the General Mission Board, Sunday 
School Board and Educational Board together adopted 
a Five- Year Program and set it before the Brother- 
hood as a goal to be reached in the " Forward Move- 
ment." It is a splendid program, excellent, and worthy 
of the most earnest and prayerful support of every 
member of the church. It filled with praise the heart 
of the foreign missionary, and made his nerves tingle. 

Every advance in the home church fills us with satis- 

But what has happened? We have not heard of any 
ready and enthusiastic response on the part ox the 
Brotherhood. Our church papers do not seem to have 
caught the inspiration.* So far as we have heard, the 
program is merely on paper but not in the hearts of 
the people. Why this lethargy? In fact, we have been 
informed that instead of beginning with 1918 we pro- 
pose to begin with 1919. Why this delay? One pre- 
cious year of God's grace gone without any special ad- 
vance. Can it be? Moreover, we must confess to a 
great disappointment when we read the brief report of 
the late Annual Meeting. We searched for some men- 
tion of the Forward Movement, and some enthusiastic 
meeting in its behalf, but all that we found was one 
speech by the Sunday-school Editor. We have not had 
\ a full report yet, so we trust there was more. 

Brethren and sisters, these Boards have outlined an 
excellent program for us. It is a most commendable 
move, and a most needful one, but let us not think that 
since they launched it, it is theirs to carry out and we 
will look on to see how it goes. This program is large 
and demands the very best help of every member. Half 
of the church can not carry it out; the whole church 
must do it. Look at the program! Study it! There 
is work for every one; something each one can do. 
That is the glory of it. See, it calls for the conversion 
of sinners, for young men for the ministry, for new 
Sunday-schools, new scholars in the Sunday-school, 
for money for mission work and for the colleges, for 
daily Bible study, for more students in our colleges, 
and more of these for Christian service, for more sub- 
scribers to our church periodicals, for an increase in 
mission work at home and abroad. Excellent ! Is 
there not enough to keep us all busy? Let us not be 
satisfied with doing only one of the things mentioned, 
but let us help each cause represented in these requests 
by doing our best in the congregation where we live. 
We can all be soul-winners, and we ought to be. We 
can all give money. We can all bring new scholars in- 
to the Sunday-school. Come, let us all set to work 
with a holy enthusiasm, and outdo the program. It 
can be done and it ought to be done, but unless you do 
your best, it will f ot be done. 

But from the beginning let us fix it definitely in our 
hearts that a mere effort will not accomplish the end. 
" Not by might, nor by power, but by my Spirit, saith 
the Lord." No amount of trying or sweating or striv- 
ing will bring the result, unless it is Spirit-directed. 
Human efforts alone are useless. Without being en- 
dued with power from on high we are not fit for serv- 
ice in the Lord's great harvest field. " Man is God's 
method "of evangelizing the world, but it is man " full 
of the Holy Spirit." We should undertake nothing in 
this program except for God's glory and the evangeli- 
zation of the world. Love for Christ and obedience 
to his last command should prompt our every effort. 
The Holy Spirit fills us for this very purpose. 

Notice this sentence in the introduction to the pro- 
gram: " That this great opportunity may be effectually 
embraced, every member of the Church of the Breth- 
ren is called upon to deepen his spiritual life through 
systematic Bible study, the restoration of family wor- 
ship, and the adoption of intercessory prayer in behalf 
of the world." This touches the mainspring of the 
Christian's life, and consequently of the Christian's 
service. It is to be hoped that throughout this entire 
year every member has been making this heart-prepara- 
tion, without which there can be no forward movement 
pleasing to our Master. Notice the three points : Bible 
study, family worship, intercessory prayer. Grand ! 
These three, done in the Spirit, will certainly accom- 
plish the object, ,i. e., deepen the spiritual life. In Bi- 
ble study we feed the spirit as faith appropriates 
Christ's fulness, and in intercession this faith works 
out in love, in behalf of the lost. Should any one have 
neglected this heart preparation till now, then let him 
give himself to it with all diligence during the remain- 
ing days of the year, so that a complete and united 
church may be ready for the Forward Movement, even 

as a whole army moves forward at the order of their 

And now, at the close, may I suggest that by written 
word and spoken word this Forward Movement be con- 
tinually kept before the Brotherhood. Every pastor 
and bishop should present it to his church and urge it 
upon his flock. Every Sunday-school superintendent 
should lay it upon the heart of his school. Every 
teacher should emphasize it to his class. Every col- 
lege should enlist its whole student body in this great 
enterprise. Every church paper should abound in en- 
thusiastic messages in its behalf. Every District Mis- 
sion Board, every Mission Study Class, every volunteer 
band, every prayer meeting should throw its full force 
into the movement. Who dare neglect? 

Aliwa, Sural District, India. 

Will a Man Rob God? 

" Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon the earth, 
where moth and rust consume, and where thieves break 
through and steal: but lay up for yourselves treasures in 
heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth consume, and 
where thieves do not break through nor steal; for where 
thy treasure is there will thy heart be also" (Matt. 6: 

A plain, positive command and yet it is dead, void. 
It might as well have been left untranslated, in the 
original Greek, for all the heed we give it. 

Money is concentrated energy. A dollar repre- 
sents that much of our muscle, brain and brawn. A 
proper conception of our stewardship will prompt us 
to put ourselves under the burdens of this old world. 
Why should we rob God by passing down, to future 
generations, farms, stocks, bonds? If I interpret the 
Book correctly, each generation will be supplied with 
the necessary equipment to meet its own needs. 

Recently an old gentleman died, and his heirs quick- 
ly, by mathematical calculation, apportioned the shares 
which would be theirs. A nephew, who was to receive 
$250, sighed as he remarked: "Just enough for one 
night's blow-out." How much better if the uncle 
would have turned the money over to the Mission 
Board, rescued some orphan, or educated some strug- 
gling young person ! This world would mightily move 
onward if men would get a vision of their dollars con- 
verted into Kingdom energy. 

It is a matter of statistics that wealth only remains 
in the family three generations. The progress of men 
is made by struggle, and when the necessity of struggle 
is removed, decadence sets in. If some of the men, 
who amassed great fortunes for their heirs, could 
return from their graves and take a look into their 
office, scan through their books, we imagine they would 
receive the severest shock of disappointments. The 
biggest dividends are not realized in investments of 
brick -and mortar, but in human potentialities. 

Miami, N. Mex. 

•The reader will not forget that Bro. Blough's article was writ- 
ten mnny weeks ago. By the time his earnest nnd splendid ap- 
penl gets back to Tndla, we trust he will have discovered, along 
with other readers of the "Messenger." at leaat some evidence 
of the paper's interest in th« Forward Movement.— Ed. 


" 1 am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst 
of a people of unclean lips" (Isa. 6: 5). 

A particular interest attaches to the narrative of 
which these words, form a part. It records the initial 
event of a great and useful career. 

Isaiah's confession is a model. He speaks of un- 
cleanness of lips. It is both in himself and his country- 
men. But where it is found is of no concern to him. 
He displays the same aversion for it in himself as in 

. Now it is not easy to do this. Many a man has a 
very acute discernment of evil when it comes to the 
world outside of himself. But once his field of vision 
is drawn to this side of the boundary line of self, his 
discriminating aptness disappears. His vision is re- 
liable only at long range. 

How may this failure be overcome? There is only 
one way to open the inner field of self to this neces- 
sary scrutiny. Jesus announced it in John 12:25, 
" Hate your life in this world." The broken Wolsey 
echoed this truth in his pathetic " Love thyself last." 
Self-love will forever exclude from self this all-im- 
portant and true evaluation of good and evil. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1919 

Is it rightly called all-important? Yes. This in- 
ternal separation of ourselves from evil, by its recog- 
nition and confession, is an indispensable prerequisite 
to God's cleansing. The latter is impossible without it. 
On the other hand, it is the guarantee of God's cleans- 

Let us suppose ourselves in God's, stead (Heaven 
forgive the supposition). Two men have splendid 
ability to discern and evaluate good and evil. They 
are alike unsparing in their condemnation of evil. 
One, however, when he finds it in his own door yard, 
when it serves his own ends, when it would impugn 
his own character to expose it r is diligently silent. 
Now we, in God's stead, would rightly reason thus: 
" Me is no bona fide enemy of evil. By his silence 
he condones it in himself. He is an enemy only of 
that evil, the exposure and destruction of which im- 
perils none of his selfish interests. We shall never 
cleanse him." But the other has the same holy se- 
verity and aversion for evil, no matter where found. 
The location of the sin does in no way modify his re- 
gard for it. And consistently he does all he can to 
eliminate it. With regard to him we reason: " He is 
indeed a bona fide enemy of the evil. He is deeply 
averse to it, be it in himself or elsewhere. His will- 
ingness to confess is not behind his readiness to con- 
demn. We will add our power to his, and cleanse 
him of it." 

God, in fairness to men, can cleanse only those who 
are averse to that which is averse to him. He who 
allows any sin to hide behind the fact that it is in him- 
self, refuses God's cleansing. But a disinterested, un- 
biased aversion for sin, which spares not one's own 
self (to use the figure of Isa. 6), will invariably put 
the seraph on the wing towards us, by way of the» 

" If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to 
forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all un- 
righteousness " (1 John 1: 9). 

Los Angeles, Cal. 

« ♦ « 

A Mighty Responsibility 


Responsibility for lives is man's universal obli- 
gation. Yet few of us comprehend the extent of this 
responsibility. It is only when peculiar circumstances 
force upon our attention the fact how responsible 
we are, that we cry out beneath the burden which so 
nearly crushes us. 

Such was the cry of Judah in the very captivating 
story of Joseph and his brethren. Joseph had come 
into great popularity and power in Egypt. He was the 
wise food administrator who had conserved the food 
surplus of the full years, so there was sufficient for 
the famine, not only for themselves, but also for their 

Joseph's brethren had come for food, and Simeon 

had been held as a pawn, that he might prove his 

brethren. They must not come before Joseph again 

if they failed to bring Benjamin. Also, there was the 

■ mysterious return of their money. 

However, venerable Jacob was not to be bereft 
easily of his -youngest son. Reuben pleaded, even of- 
fering the lives .of his two sons, i& he should fail to 
bring the lad home safely. But Jacob's life was 
bound up in the lad's, and so he did not consent. 

Then Judah made his beautiful plea, — eloquent, pa- 
thetic, irresistible. He says that, should he fail to 
bring the lad back safely, he will bear the blame for- 
ever. So Benjamin was sent. But, as a further prov- 
ing of the integrity of his brethren, Josepil brought 
Benjamin under censure and into prison as a spy. He 
was to be retained as an Egyptian slave while the 
ten brethren returned to their father Jacob. This 
brought to Judah a keener consciousness of his re- 
sponsibility than he had yet experienced. He realized 
that if this decree were unchanged, his father would 
die of sorrow, and throughout his own remaining sad 
years he must bear the constant consciousness of hav- 
ing brought upon his aged father the fatal shock. 

Under such a stimulus he made that memorable, elo- 
quent and touching appeal to the Egyptian ruler, con- 
cluding, triumphantly, with the words, " Now there- 

fore, let thy servant, I pray thee, abide instead of the 
lad a bondman to my lord; and let the lad go with 
his brethren. For how shall I go up to my father, 
and the lad be not with me? lest peradventure I see 
the evil that shall come on my father." 

But Jacob is not the only father of sons, both 
obedient and otherwise, whose "life is bound up in 
the lad's life." The Divine and Eternal Father has 
many dear children, whose lives have been intrusted 
for a time to the care of some brother or sister. And 
his life is literally bound up in the lives of these chil- 
dren. Nor was Judah the last brother who has be- 
come surety for another^ and who must " bear the 
blame forever " if he fails in his stewardship of lives. 

Human interrelationships are such that it has been 
well said that "none of us liveth to himself and none 
dieth to himself." Each person possesses a power of 
influence and is very responsible for its use. The 
brother or sister in a home is responsible, — at least 
in a measure, — for the lives of those who live under 
the same roof. And if, through any failure of theirs, 
those lives shall fail to return to the Father, then that 
brother or sister must " bear the blame to my father 
forever." Could we but feel how mighty is our re- 
sponsibility, we, too, might cry out: "How shall I 
go up to my Father if the lad be not with me? " 

The Sunday-school teacher is called to teach a 
class of young lives. When once he has accepted the 
sacred charge, he is responsible for the righteous and 
eternal lives of the " lads," or " lassies," as the case 
may be, and should he fail to use fully every ability 
and opportunity to influence for good each individual 
life, he must certainly " bear the blame forever." 

When the attendants have announced to the parents 
the safe arrival of a healthy son or # daughter, that 
same announcement should mean to each parent a 
responsibility to their God, even in excess of that 
which Judah sustained to Jacob. And heaven pity that 
parent who does not feel sufficiently keenly his or her 
responsibility for the righteousness and eternal salva- 
tion of their children, to cause them sometimes to cry 
from an agonizing heart: " How shall I go up to my 
Father, if the lad be not with me? lest I see the evil 
that shall come on my Father! " 

Yes, we have varied relations wit* others. It may 
be but a classmate. Or it may be one who is under our 
instruction five days a week. It may be an intimate 
friend or associate. But whoever it is, we are re- 
sponsible to the extent of our influence and ability to 
lead that one back with us to the Father. And, my 
brother, my sister, how can you go up to your Father 
if that one, — brother, sister, son, daughter, father, 
mother, classmate, pupil, friend or associate, — be hot 
with you? How can you bear to see the evil that shall 
come upon your Father? How can you look upon 
his sorrow, disappointment and pain of heart because 
you have been untrue to your trust and have failed 
to bring back the beloved child? 

Then there are thousands and millions of the created 
sons of God, far away in the homeland and across the 
sea. For these we are responsible, because, by the 
rightful use of our time, talents and means, very many 
of these shall be brought safely back to the Father's 
house. And let us not fail to see ."that his life is 
bound up in the lad's life." 

If we have experienced the saving grace of the 
Lord Jesus, we are expecting to return from the Egypt 
of this world to the heavenly Canaan. But how, O my 
brother, my sister, shall I, or shall you go up to our 
Father if the lad, — the one toward whom we sustain 
a possible saving relationship) — be not with us? " Lest 
I see the evil that shall come upon my Father." 

Bloom, Kansas. 

Many tapers are needed to light the lamps that re- 
veal the beautiful things in life, — tapers that shall kin- 
dle the flame in ministers, reformers, philanthropists, 
teachers, authors, poets, artists, musicians, statesmen, 
— in all who help to make the world better. It may be 
a mother who kindles the flame, — a wife, a husband, a 
friend, or a passing stranger. 

One of the greatest lights in American history gives 
the credit to his mother. The Apostle of the Reforma- 
tion had a pious mother who kindled in her son a flame 
that defied Catholicism. The influence of an indus- 
trious, patient wife caused the tiny spark of manhood, 
left in John Bunyan, to burst into flame. A friend 
served as the taper in William Wilberforce's life. Tal- 
ented, but easily influenced by congenial companions, 
he was leading a gambler's life. He was saved, to be- 
come the emancipator of slaves in England. John B. 
Gough was traveling fast to a drunkard's grave, but a 
young man induced him to sign the temperance pledge. 
He, in turn, has helped to kindle a flame of determined 
resistance in others who were traveling the road he 
once followed. While in prison, Jerry McAuley heed- 
ed the pleading of a former associate in crime. What 
a powerful flame was kindled there, — one that has 
helped to light thousands of sin-darkened souls. 

Just as the light of the taper was lost in the glow 
of the lamps, so the human taper may be surpassed 
by the flame it has helped to kindle. 

" One taper lights a thousand, 
/ - Yet shines as it has shone, 

And the humblest light may kindle 
A brighter than its own." 

It takes a big, unselfish life to be content with being 
only a taper. " Don't spurn to be a rushlight because 
you can not be a star." So many are striving to be a 
star, no matter how they accomplish it. Some one 
found it necessary to give this advice: "Don't be a 
shining light at the expense of some other person's oil." 

Every act, — no matter how insignificant it may seem 
to you, — may serve some soul as the taper did the lamp. 
On the other hand, it may destroy the divine spark in 
some soul. Some of us shirk responsibility / by assum- 
ing indifference, but " your indifference turns a damper 
upon the fires in other hearts, — fires that would warm 
and light the world." 

To those who are content to be tapers, Daniel prom- 
ises this reward : " And they that be wise shall shine as 
the brightness of the firmament, and they that turn 
many to righteousness as the, stars for ever and ever." 

Manheim, Pa. - 



Twilight was falling. The cathedral was dark and 
gloomy. Beautiful frescoes, paintings and statues were 
all unseen. -tThe chancel door opened and a priest ap- 
peared, bearing a taper. As he lit the lamps, all the 
glories of the cathedral were revealed. The taper was 
but a feeble flame, and in the glow of light that flooded 
the cathedral, its tiny light was lost. * 

A Justified Existence 

■ BY W. 0. BECKNER ■ 

When my father used to farm the yellow, rocky 
hillsides in East Tennessee, it was my job, when the 
spring crops were being put into the ground, to 
" sprout " the fields, cutting out the sassafras and 
locust sprouts. They were needless, and for the ends 
to be sought, they had no justified existence. Their 
presence did not contribute to yielding desirable re- 
sults, and therefore they were taken away. 1 

When the tender stalks of corn popped their points 
through the ground, they were given different treat- 
ment. They were nurtured and cultivated that they ( 
might grow up to yield the desired fruits. Their ex- 
istence was justified by what they yielded. 

In the late issue of the Missionary Review of the 
World there is an article about the Christian College 
which gives some startling figures. These certainly 
justify that Institution's existence as a powerful 
agency for good in the church. I wish every mem- 
"ber of the Church of the Brethren could read that 
short article again and again, and get the full meaning 
of its wonderful figures. In the past, too many of 
us have thought of our colleges as " sassafras " and 
other needless sprouts in our church field, and that 
because the first chapters of Genesis do not give any 
record of where God asked Adam to name them, 
therefore they were not justified in existing at all. 

But for the figures. One small college in New 
England recently celebrated the centennial anniversary 
of its existence and has never had at one time to ex- 
ceed one hundred students. Yet among its graduates 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1919 


there are 542 ministers and 70 foreign missionaries. 

to say nothing of more than 100 college teachers and 

32 college presidents. 

De Pauw University, a Methodist institution, has 

sent out 448 ministers of the " Gospel at home and 


One Christian university, name not given, has sent 

out more men and women into the foreign mission field 

■than all the State universities put together. 

In a recent five-year period, eighty-two per cent of 

all missionaries to the foreign field came from Christian 
schools, while only thirteen per cent came from State 
and city universities. 

In a three-year period ninety-two per cent of the 
ministers of the Methodist church who had college 
training, came from' Methodist schools. State institu- 
tions contributed only four per cent. 

In 1915 the Presbyterian colleges in America re- 
ported a total of 28,445 graduates, of whom more than 
twenty per cent were in the ministry of the Word 
at home, and an additional two and one-half per cent 
■were in the foreign field. Such a record is little short 
of marvelous. 

Figures are not given as to how many devoted and 
loyal lay church workers have come from these same 
schools, but the records of all show that the student 
who takes his training in Christian schools, comes 
away from them with a devotion and loyalty, for the 
particular church supporting the school, that stays 
with him throughout life. The Church of the Breth- 
ren has hundreds of heart-breaking examples of those 
who have been lost to us entirely, both in member- 
ship and in love for the church, through having taken 
their training in State schools. 

I do not know that any one has compiled statistics 
to determine where the graduates from our Brethren 
■colleges are working, but any one acquainted with 
them, in a general way, will get a good idea by looking 
over the Ministerial list in our Yearbook and the list 
of missionaries for the foreign field in the Missionary 
Visitor. In the few short years during which we have 
been aggressively fostering Christian colleges, we have 
seen them justify their existence by the fruits they 
have borne. 

The unanswered call for scores and scores of pre- 
pared pastors ia the church today, and a simple look 
into the next twenty years, are surely enough to stir 
us to attempt the " impossible " for our cause. Our 
program for our " Five Year Forward Movement " 
for our colleges is none too big. Big tasks challenge us 
to attempt big things, and under God we shall succeed. 
McPhcrson, Kansas. 

The Passing of Nora Arnold Lichty 

~ BY J. W. LEAR 
When the information that Brother and Sister D. J. 
Lichty, of India, were to spend a part of their furlough at 
Mt. Morris, was made known 
among both the faculty and 
student body, there were 
evidences of satisfaction and 

They were with us but a 
few weeks, — long enough to 
be greatly appreciated, — 
when Sister Lichty came 
down with influenza. When, 
later on, the news of her 
death gained publicity, a 
gloom, difficult to throw off, 
enshrouded the school. 

Sister Lichty was born 
Jan. 17, 1880— the oldest 
child of E14- John Arnold, 
. of La Place, III. She had the 
privilege of being ushered into a Christian home atmos- 
phere, a^d as a consequence she became, early in life, a 
devout Christian. Soon she developed into an enthusiastic 
church worker. By nature she possessed a remarkable de- 
gree of determination. 

Sister Lichty had a strong desire for an education, and 
after finishing the grades at the country school, she en- 
tered the Academic Department of Mt. Morris College, 
from which she graduated in 1902. 

During these years she joined the Missionary Reading 
Circle and became so much inteVested in the unfprtunate 
people of India that she resolved to spend her life in 
bringing the Gospel Message to them. Accordingly, in 
the autumn of 1903. she bade adieu to her friends and em- 
barked for far-away India. 

Nora Arnold Lichty 

Not so long after her arrival in India, however, she was 
stricken with a virulent attack of enteric fever and for 
weeks her life hung in the balance. The physician advised 
that she return to the States, because he believed that she 
would not live a year. This was a crisis in the life of Sis- 
ter Nora, but with her accustomed resolution she said: 
" If I am to die, 1 will die in India." 

Bro. Lichty, to whom she was betrothed, and who had 
preceded her to India, proposed matrimony that he might 
the better assist in caring for her. She demurred for his 
sake, but finally consented, and th« marriage was consum- 

While Sister Lichty never fully recovered her former 
strength, by the grace of God they were permitted to 
spend fourteen years among the people she had chosen to 
help. And while she could not do as much field work as 
some others, she so ordered the affairs of the home, that 
her husband could devote the major part of his time to the 
help of others. 

Brother and Sister Lichty were spending their second 
furlough in the homeland. It was her only thought to re- 
. turn to India, and when it seemed evident that she would 
not be permitted to do so, she wished that her husband 
might return. Then she meekly resigned her own case 
to the care of the Heavenly Father, and said: "His will 
be donel " 

On Saturday, Nov. 7, she contracted influenza, which de- 
veloped into pneumonia, and at 9:20 P. M. on Thursday 
following, her spirit took its flight to the land of pure de- 
light. She could say with Paul: "To me to live rs Christ, 
but to die is gain." 

She leaves, to mourn her departure, her husband, a father 
and stepmother, and two sisters, Etta and Stella. Their 
loss is but temporary, however, and to it they willingly 
resign themselves. 

The remains were taken to La Place, 111., — her father's 
home, — Dr. L. S. Shively, of the College, accompanying 
the stricken husband. 

On Sunday afternoon, in the presence of a large con- 
course of people, an appropriate service was conducted by 
Eld. Geo. W. Miller and Dr. Shively. The body was laid 
to rest in the cemetery near by, where her mother was 
buried when Nora was but a child. 

The finger of God touched her and she slept. It was 
God's will, and we are satisfied. 

Resolutions of Respi ■■' 

WHEREAS. It has pleased our Henvenly Fnther to call from 
service below to service above, our highly esteemed student. 
Sister Norn Arnold Lichty;, and 

WHEREAS, Mount Morris College hns lost n kind, sympa- 
thetic, self-sacri (icing helper; nnd 

WHEREAS, the Church of the Brethren hns sustained an Ir- 
reparable loss on the India mission Held, on which Held she hns 
labored for more than fourtee'n yenra; therefore 

RESOLVED, That we, the faculty of Mount Morris College, ex- 
tend to the sorrowing husband, parents nnd sisters, who for 
many years have been loyal supporters of this Institution, the 
expression of our deepest sympathy in tills hour of their sad 
bereavement; and 

RESOLVED, That a copy of these resolutions he given to the 
husband, and to the parents nnd Bisters, nnd that they be pub- 
lished In the "College Campus," "Mount Morris Index" and 
" Gospel Messenger." 

Committee: M. W. Enimert, Mrs. Ira R. Hendricksou, Miss 
Charlotte Euston. 

Notes From Oar Correspondents 

As cold water to a thirsty soul, 

Fruit dnle church met in "ffuarterly council Jan. 4. Sunday- 
school officers were elected, with Rro. S. K. Miller as superin- 
tendent. Bro. W. Wine was chosen elder for the coming year. 
The writer was reelected correspondent. It was agreed to send 
a petition to the General Mission Board, asking for help in filling 
the appointments for pceachlng in this part of the South. There 
is great need for mission work and until this country is worked 
tike the foreign Held, nothing much can be done. Brethren come 
sometimes and hold meetings, lint wiiat we need is ministers 
to locate here.— J. Z. Jordan, Frultdnle, Ala., Jan. 14. 


Fresno.— On account of influenza few services have been held 
Intely. Dec. 16 we met In business session. The following of- 
ficers were elected for the ensuing year: Bro. J. H. Stover, elder 
In charge: J. Ed. Bowser, Sunday-school superintendent: Miriam 
Rhoads, Christian Workers' president.— Mr*. O. N. Whitlow, 
Fresno, Cal., Dec. 20. 

Lindsay.— Dec. 22 n Christmas program was given to a splen- 
did audience. At the close of the program an offering of $141.02 
was taken for the wnr-strieken countries. At our December 
council the church unanimously decided that Bro. M. S. Frantz, 
of Wichita. Kans.. should be our pastor. He is not a stranger 
to our congregation, having held a series of meetings for us two 
years ago We consider our church very fortunate to get such 
a lender and are looking forward to his coming not later than 
Sept 1 This is ttie fifth week of the revival meetings at Wood- 
vllle' conducted by Bro. P. E. Robertson. In this little village 
there are two churches, but no religious service of any kind. 
About two vears ago the church helped to organize and maintain 
a Sunday-school there. As a result of Bro. Robertson's effort 
six have confessed Chrlst.-Mrs. EmmB V. Yoder, Lindsay, Cnl.. 
Jan. 0. 

Lone Beach.-Our last business meeting was held DM. 27, at 
which time officers for the new year were elected, with Bro. E. 
K Beekley, superintendent of the Sunday-school, and Bro. H. 
H.' Vanlman. president of the Christian Workers' Society. Our 
love feast was postponed until after our next council. The 
usual Christmas program was not given this year, on account 
of Influenza. However, the members of the primary department 
were remembered with a treat. Jan. 5 an Impressive lnstat- 
stion service was conducted by Bro. J. W. Cline. of Los Angeles 
for the officers and teachers of the Sunday-school. An Ulustrated 
lecture of his trip abroad, given by our pastor. Bro. Bom. was 
muc. enjoved recently by n large audience., Two letter* of 
membership have lately been roceived.-Blancbe L. Fraot*. Long 
Beacb. Cal-. J»D. 10. 

McFariand.— Our regular services hate again been discon- 
tinued on account of the influenza. Although few of out fami- 
lies have escaped the epidemic, so far all have been spared ex- 
cept one. Our Sunday-school enjoyed Its Christmas program 
Dec. 23. An offering of $184 was given for the Armenian Relief. 
At our December council Bro. Andrew Bllckenstnff was reelected 
drier; Urn. Eldo Bllckenstaff. Sunday-school superintendent.— 
J. Ross Hannwnlt. MeFnrlnnd. Cat., Jan. 7. 


now Vnlley.— We have our church and Sundav-school in good 
working order again, after the epidemic of Influenza, and arc 
very thankful to our Fnther for the Protecting Hand that has 
been over lis nil the while. We met Jn council Dec. 14, with 
Bro. J. S. Cnlp presiding. Officers for the coming year were 
elected. Our five resident elders were elected as overseers of 
the church, and Bro, C. M. Miller, who served us so well as Sun- 
day-school superintendent, last year, was reelected. With our 
hnsement now nrrnnged for Sunday-school classes, and with the 
Lord lending, we hope to do more efficient work the coming 
year.— Maude Pobst, Glelchen. Alta.. Can., Jan. 7. 

Irrlcnnn church met in council Dee. 21. This was our first 
public meeting since the outbreak of the Influenza. All were 
glad tn be permitted to meet again, and the business passed 
off plensnntly. Elders f'ulp nnd Shntto. from the Bow Valley 
cliureh. were present. Bro. Cnlp officiated. We retained him as 
our elder fn r another yenr. Bro. Geo. Long is Our Sunday-school 
Milierlnlendeht for tlie coming six months. Two letters were 
received ntid one was granted. The committee IB charge of the 
erection of the new church building reported favorably, and 
work has begun on the basement. The next dny being Sunday, 
Bro. Shailo gave Us two helpful sermons. Jan. R we took our 
annual rhrlstmns offering for the relief of suffering. It nmounted 
to over $50.— Pearl Cowley, Irrlcnnn. Alia,, Can.. Jan. 14. 


liethel.— We have closed our Sunday-school during the winter 
months, on account of the cold weather and long distances some 
have to go. We have had an average attendance of forty-five 
during the summer months and all seemed interested. Bro. 
FlU, of Denver, came every second nnd fourth Sunday and 
preached morning and evening for us. We greatly appreciate 
Ills efforts. We enjoy hnvlng members stop with us, especially 
ministers. We are stilt trusting Hint a minister will locate 
here. Others, as well as ministers, arc invited.— Elnora B. 
SwltKer, Arrlbn, Colo., Jan. 11. 

Colorado Springs,— After an interruption of ten weeks We 
were permitted to meet ngain for public worship, but not till 
three weeks later were we permitted to reopen the Sunday- 
school. None of otir members was taken from us by the epi- 
demic. We trust that normal conditions will prevail agnln In the 
near future. A specif! 1 effort will lie required to bring into the 
services again those who have become accustomed to staying 
at home, especially children whose parents are non-members. 
Oirr contemplated series of meetings and love feast, were post- 
poned Indefinitely. At our recent quarterly meeting all church. 
Sunday-school ami Christian Worker*' officers were elected for 
the year, with Katie Ituch, church clerk; John Truesdell, Sun- 
day-school superintendent; Itro. Alfred Campbell, president of 
Christian Workers' Society. We have recently Installed a set 
of maps and new blackboard b, which will help greatly tn the 
teaching of the Sunday-school lessons. We have cottage prayer 
meetings each Thursday evening. A singing class meets on 
Tuesday evening. One was recently received on confession of 
faith.— Bettin Root Crist. W. Colorado Springs, Colo., Jan. 13. 

Grand Vnlley.— First Church met in council, with Bro, J. E. 
Bryant presiding. He was reelected as elder for the coming 
year, with liro. J. D. ColTtnau, assistant; Bro. Homer Wanger, 
Sunday -school superintendent and church clerk; Bro. Cbas. 
Henry, president of Christian Workers' Society ; the writer. 
" Messenger" agent and correspondent. We had no church 
services from Oct. to Jan. 5, nnd it was a great pleasure to 
meet again. Jan. fi our birthday offerings nmounted to |4.31. 

Mrs. Mlnervn lllxson, Grand Junction, Colo., Jnn. 14. 

llni dm church met in council Jan, 11, with Eld. S. G. Nickey 
presiding, Bro. Nickey was elected elder for another year; 
Sister Mary Hinzle, church clerk. Hro. Wm. Hlnzle will be 
our Sunday- school superintendent for the next six months, and 
Bro. Irvln Buckingham, president of Christian Workers' So- 
ciety. We have decided to improve our church grounds by the 
planting of some trees. New members are locating among us. 
one being Bro. Mays Heiny, whose services In song will be ap- 
preciated. Our Sunday-school nnd church attendance has been 
Nina 1 1, owing to the deep snow.— E. L. Lnpp, Fleming, Colo., 
Jan. 12. 


Notice to Churches of Idubo and Wetittrn Montana. — As our 
Writing Clerk, Bro. S. S. Neher, has moved from the District. 
as Retiring Moderator of last District Meeting I have appointed 
Bro. Fred A. Flora, 234 N. Washington Avenue. Moscow, Idaho, 
to lilt his unexpired term of office. All matter for District Meet- 
ing should be in his hands at least thirty days before District 
Meeting.— M. Alva Long, Welser, Idaho. Jnn. 13. 

Welter church met in council Dec. 21, with Eld. M, Alva Long 
presiding. Seven letters were granted. Bro. Harry Beckwlth 
was elected superintendent; Sister Adia Beckwlth president of 
Christian Workers' Society. Pec. 22 the Sunday-school and 
Christian Workers' Society rendered a Christmas program. The 
children enjoyed the blessing of sacrificing their treat. Their 
offering besides was fS.Sft. This, with the offering taken up the 
following Sunday, for Armenlnn and Syrian Relief, made a 
total of fSH.27. in the absence of our pastor, Bro. Bolinger, of 
Frultland, very ably filled the pulpit Jan. 5.— Mrs. Cora R. 
Long, WeiBcr. Idaho. Jon. 7. 


Butavla Church met in business session Jan. 6, with Eld. G. 
H. Hengley presiding. The yearly reports of the various com- 
mittees offered much In the way of encouragement. Our pas- 
tor's report, especially, showed that both he and his have been 
diligent. Among a multitude of other duties they made 316 
paBtoral calls during the year. The Sisters' Aid Society also 
deserves a word of praise. Although few In - number, they 
ralseil over $100 during the year. Over $50 of this amount was 
sent to the Chicago missions. The home department has also 
offered to donate a part of its fund to mission work. The 
Orphanage Committee, which has been In existence only three 
months, has been instrumental in placing one child In a good 
Christian home. Owing to the influenza epidemic we decided not 
to hold our usual series or meetings at this time.— Nellie K. 
Netzley. Bntavla, HI.. Jan. 10. 

Glrard church met in council Jan. 14. with Eld. W. H. Shull 
prpsldlng. On Thnnksglving Day an offering of $117 was taken 
for World-wide Missions. Recently the Sunday-school took an 
..frerlntf of $126 for Armenian Relief. Because of health condi- 
tions the Sunday-school did not give ils usual Christmas pro- 
gram We nre thankful that none of our membership was taken 
by the epidemic, and that the church and Sunday-school are 
now busy nt work again.— Ethel Hurshbarger. Girard. 111-. Jan. 

'woddams Grove.— At our last quarterly business meeting in 
December the congregation made out its program for the com- 
ing year, looking to the following as its goal: It was realised 
Hint doing things counted for more than simply talking about 
them It was unanimously decided to remodel and make 
modem the old churchhouse at Louisa, and make It a more 
(Continued on Page 60) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1919 


The Surgeon's Prayer 


Recently one of our dear sisters was called upon 
to undergo an operation in a hospital of this city. 
After being anointed, she entrusted her all into God's 

Next morning Bro. Gilbert and the writer left home 
early for the hospital, as promised, in order to greet 
the sister with a few cheery words before the time of 
the operation. 

Some minutes after our arrival, the doctor and a 
brother from our college came, and in a short time the 
nurses, having completed the necessary preparations, 
started with the patient toward the operating room. 
We followed down the long corridor, at the end of 
which is a small, quiet room. Here the nurses left the 
patient and, at the invitation of the surgeon, we entered 
the room. He closed the door behind us, saying, as 
he did so : " This is a private room, and it is my cus- 
tom to have prayer before undertaking an operation." 

We shall not soon forget the circumstance. TJie 
sister lay upon the stretcher and we, with bowed heads, 
stood near her, while the surgeon offered a prayer 
most earnest and appropriate. How good his words 
sounded to us, and how glad we were to join in such a 
service ! 

During the last few years we have gone to a number 
of our city hospitals upon similar occasions, but never 
before have we seen or heard anything just like this. 
In our experience, at least, it is no ordinary occur- 
rence to hear one of the chief surgeons in a large 
hospital offer prayer. 

It was with renewed assurance of God's care that the 
patient passed into the operating-room. Reader, would 
such conditions not make the thought of hospitals and 
operations less dreadful to you? 

Los Angeles, Cat. 

"The Man With the Hoe" 

Hoe-men are great benefactors of the race. We 
may oppose them, as the stone or baked earth opposes 
the progress of the hoe, but they will cut up weeds in 
spite of all opposition. Their mission is to cut weeds. 
In defiance of unpopularity, they continue to uproot 
error, and mellow the soil about truth. Men will often 
defend their vices much more than they will their 
virtues. I am not sure that any of us enjoy seeing 
other people slashing around in our gardens, even 
though they profess to be cutting down weeds. We 
prefer to do it ourselves, but the trouble is we often 
neglect it. 

This process of hoeing only mellows the soil, to be 
sure, and weeds wi^l spring up again with renewed 
vigor, but we are likely to get hoed again by some 
one, if wc are not wise enough to do it ourselves. In 
the meantime the plants are getting a good start by 
being hoed. 

Our best and most frequent hoeings come in youth. 
Almost any one is willing to give us attention at this 
period of life. The plants are small and tender, while 
the weeds are hardy and vigorous. We probably need 
hoeing most at this time. As the summer of life ad- 
vances, the gardeners get weary, or, it may be, gain 
a great respect for us, and so do not quite dare to do 
their duty. This often happens. It is very unfor- 
tunate for a man to be habitually wrong and not know 
it, while he is hedged about by a kind of false dignity 
that no one dares to tell him of his faults. It is well, 
for the misbehaving boy or girl, if people do not hesi- 
tate to be quite free in correcting evident misdoings. 
Another reason why we neglect hoeing later in life, 
is because our gardeners see that corn, potatoes, and 
onions, have gotten a good start, and they think them- 
selves sure of a good crop without further trouble. 
The difficulty of getting at the weeds at this time of 
the year has some consideration. The vegetables have 
become large and hide them. At first the hoers look 

for plants among the weeds, but now they look for 
weeds among the plants. In this way many weeds are 
allowed to grow, and as summer passes on to autumn, 
these weeds become tall and rank, and the vegetables 
are once more hidden from view. In fact, such a 
garden looks like one that has not been hoed at all. 
A casual observer might not be able to observe the 
difference at all. But there is a difference. If a gar- 
den has been thoroughly hoed during the early part 
of the summer it will more readily bear some neglect 
during the latter part. And if the boy has been faith- 
fully trained, the man will not need so much attention. 

In an unhoed garden there may be as many plants 
as in one that is thoroughly-hoed, but they are tall, 
pale, and fruitless, hardly distinguishable from weeds, 
and practically no better than weeds. On the other 
hand, the garden that has been hoed in early summer, 
although apparently full of weeds, is likewise full of 
fruits. Down among the weeds, if we will only look 
for it, there is a rich, ripe harvest. Don't you recall 
that man. digging potatoes by the roadside, though he 
first, with a scythe, was compelled to mow down a 
rank growth of weeds that was overtopping the po- 

It often happens that old men's minds are very 
weedy, — allowed to become so late in life,— after the 
plants have all matured. Offensive habits become 
fastened on them. Wrong views of life cut them off 
from all sympathy with the present. Forbidding tem- 
pers repel all who approach, and they are looked upon 
as gardens containing nothing but weeds. If, how- 
ever, we will take the trouble to enter fully into their 
acquaintance and history, if we will work our way in 
among the weeds, though we may get pricked by 
thistles, and covered with burs, we shall find an abun- 
dant harvest of good works. 

Grundy Center, Iowa. 

Missionary Sacrifice 


Surely a missionary does not undervalue the com- 
mission which is put into his hands; But what is 
meant by the weeping and wailing among the friends, — 
of his immediate circle of friends? The tears which 
are shed might be excused if he were going to some 
heathen island. But sometimes the missionary note is 
pitched on the same key. The mountains and hills of 
the native land become dear to one who never loved 
them before. There is a wringing of hands and never- 
ending talk of missionary " sacrifice." Surely, the man 
is going to be executed, — we would suppose, — instead 
of going to serve in the name of our Lord and Master, 
Jesus Christ. But he who was rich and became poor 
for our sake, deserves better service than this. 

There is so much in the giving. Some bestow their 
favors so graciously that the value is doubled, while 
the gift's of others are as a blow in the face. Are we 
not guilty of treating our fellow-men better than Jesus, 
though he deserves our loving service much more than 
any other being? How often we say: " So many chari- 
ties, — we can not afford them." The word is applied 
to the Lord Jesus, as though he were a poor beggar and 
unworthy. The cattle on a thousand hills, and all the 
silver and gold are his. We treat the Master niggard- 
ly. The eastern magi fell down and worshiped the 
Babe in the manger. They opened their treasures and 
gave him gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh. It 
is not right for us to magnify the little we do for him, 
and to call it sacrifice. All he asks is a willing mind 
and cheerful obedience. Can we not give that to him, 
who came down from his throne in heaven and made 
his Father's will his meat and drink? 

Every year hundreds of young men leave our shores 
on various errands. Thousands of people rushed to 
California when gold was discovered. Husbands left 
their wives and families. Hundreds left everything, to 
suffer, toil, starve, and even perish from cold, on the 
overland trail. Many sank from exhaustion on the 
banks of the Sacramento River. The same was re- 
peated when gold was discovered on the Yukon River. 
But there is no word of sacrifice there. And why 
should we regard as a sacrifice what little we do for 

our Blessed Lord, who died that we might live? Is 
not our talk of sacrifice ungenerous arid heathenish? 

" In peace let me resign my breath, 
And thy salvation see; 
My sins deserve eternal death. 
But Jesus died for me." 
Pottstoum, Pa. 

Our Relatives 

" Our relatives are the friends nature gives to us, our 
friends the relatives God gives to us." — George Sand. 

, Those priceless people who are kin to the mind and 
the heart 1 They satisfy- r a hunger and a thirst and a 
great longing. For as the child's imperative need is its 
parent, so the man's essential demand is his friend. 
He needs him. 

And whether he comes in the form of an aged man 
or a little boy ; whether she comes as a mother, a com- 
rade, a sweetheart or a wife ; whether it be chum, or in- 
ferior, or superior, that is just the manner of their 
coming. It's the fact that they have come that counts. 
God has given his gift to you. 

So often they reach you suddenly, circuitously, from 
quite the opposite ^direction to the one in which you 
are looking; as the angels, " unawares." And the cur- 
rent of your life is redirected, and of your thought, 
and of your feeling. Things are different. 

The rest of your world may be kind, but if it's not 
kindred, the hunger's still there, and the longing. But 
there is an element in your fellow that appeases that 
craving, as substantial and appetizing food stills the 
insistent cry for it. And that element is comprehension 
first, and reliability all the time.- You feel secure in 
the thing that he will do, or say, or think. For the 
hearts in you beat from the same motive power ; on the 
inside you work alike. 

And the charm that holds these two so closely bound 
together is sincerity, every moment, everywhere. Arti- 
ficial methods can wreck their tie as surely as a vol- 
canic eruption, and as completely. 

Emerson explained that "the only way to have a 
friend is to be one." One couldn't ask for anything 
more, nor anything easier. It's just a habit, really, be- 
ing candid, and being fair. And little honest praises 
and little frequent helps, and all the other everlasting 
small things that we do, or could do, or would do if 
we only thought in time. It's just a kind of training; 
a keeping fit for the friend God gives to us. We will 
be a friend in turn, — that tremendous achievement! 
" For a friend may well be reckoned the masterpiece of 

Washington, D. C. 

« ■♦■ « 

Without Christ 

""For without me ye can do nothing" (John 15: 5) 

Without Christ we would have been without hope. 
In him alone is immortality revealed. Men have groped 
for a door into the dark beyond, but have not found 
the light. The longings of the soul and the instinct of 
Jife have kept alive some hope, but there is nothing 
definite. There is little more than the recoil from 
death; all beyond the visible horizon is shadowy and 
unreal. Labor is in vain, for death cuts off from its 
benefits. The building of years is never completed. 
Sooner or later life, with all its joy and all its hope, 
comes to an end. The world has its tradition of a 
golden age, glorious but lost. Apart from the new life 
of Christ, it has none in the future. The tradition of 
the promise of a future life remains, but there is no 
elevating, cheering, stimulating hope except as it comes 
from the revelation of God in Christ. 

The blessing of Christ to us is like the rain that falls 
upon all, like the sunshine that illumines the path of 
even those who do not recognize his presence in the 
world. There are phases of civilization which are part 
of the common good which Christ has wrought in the 
world. There are men of noble character who render 
good service to the world who do not bow before Jesus 
as their Lord, but this higher good is due to the dif- 
fused knowledge of Christ, who has so entered into the 

THE GOSPKL MESSENGER-January 25, 1919 


thought and life of the civilized world that none are 
entirely beyond his influence. Separate him entirely 
from our life here, and who can depict the condition 
that would follow? The world would be full of sin 
and misery. 

We see this in individual lives. We see it on a lar- 
ger scale in communities and nations or races. Left to 
himself, without the intervention of Christ's redemp- 
tion, age after age, the evil would have gone down to 
depths immeasurable. 

So we listen again to the words of our Blessed Sav- 
ior: "Without me ye can do nothing." Have you 
ever stopped to think what the world would be without 
Christ? How much are you doing to spread the 
knowledge of Christ to earth's remotest bounds? 

Muscatine, Iowa. 

lives, has been a real helpmeet. Together they have cast 
a .strong, helpful influence over the lives of many. The 
isolated, and those who felt the pinch of poverty, found 
warm, sympathetic friends in Brother, and Sister Leather- 

Bro. Leatherman's sphere of influence was largely with 
his own and neighboring congregations. Respected by 
church and community alike, he passed away at the ad- 
vanced age of seventy-seven years, three months and twen- 
ty-five days. J. Howard Eidcmiller. 

New Carlisle, Ohio, Jan. 8. 


• Write what thoi 

unto the churches " 

We met in regular business meeting Jan. 8. All officers 
for the ensuing year were elected. Bro. Harlow Brown 
was chosen as superintendent of the Sunday-school. Bro. 
M. S. Frantz was reelected as elder. Arrangements are 
under way for a spring revival meeting, under the leader- 
ship of Bro. A. G. Crosswhite, of Rocky Ford, Colo. As 
the pastor contemplates moving to California, he handed 
in his resignation, to become effective July 1, 1919. The 
same was read and accepted. A committee was appointed 
to take the proper steps to secure some one to take up the 
pastorate, vacated by the resignation of the writer. Any 
pastor who is available, or is contemplating a change of 
location, and would like to accept the pastorate of a church 
of 140 members, located in the residential district of a city 
of 75,000, might do well by writing to Bro. H. T. Brown, 
1554 N. Grove Street, Wichita, Kans., or to ft-o. J. B. 
Royer, 811 N. Main Street, Wichita. Kansas. The church 
desires to secure some one to take pastoral charge not 
later than July 1. 1919. 

Outside of influenza interference, all avenues of church 
work are in good working order, and the opportunity ts 
great for some one to work for the Lord here. During 
the last two years the writer has taken into the church, by 
letter and baptism, some over fifty new members. Thirty- 
live of these were received by baptism. It is to be hoped 
that some available minister who reads these lines, and is 
qualified for city work, will correspond with the above- 
named members of the committee. M. S. Frantz. 
1532 Pennsylvania Avenue, Wichita, Kansas. 


Eld. David Leatherman was born in Hampshire County, 
Va., Aug. 4, 1841. At the age of fourteen years he came 
to Clark County, Ohio, where he resided until his death. 

In 1870 he was married to Mary Smith. To this union 
were born two daughters,— Mrs. George Croft and Mrs. 
Varner Stockstill, who reside near New Carlisle. 

In 1878 he and his wife were baptized at McKee's Mill; 
an historic place of baptism, near New Carlisle. In 1882 
he was called to the ministry in the Donnels Creek church. 
He Was ordained to the full ministry in 1890. He served 
the Donnels Creek church as presiding elder for a period 
of eight years, resigning because of a defect in his hear- 
ing. When a separate congregation was organized, by the 
members living near New Carlisle, he was, by unanimous 
consent, chosen as presiding elder, serving one year. 

As presiding elder he was possessed of good executive- 
ability. He was able to grasp clearly the facts of any situ- 
ation, and was a strong contender for the old ways. 

His manner of preaching was largely extemporaneous. 
He believed in the "instant in season and out of season" 
method of preaching. He enjoyed seeing the "boys" in 
the ministry called on unexpectedly to preach. 

On many occasions he called for a text from his audi- 
ence, and quite often he then preached his best sermons. 

He possessed a keen, ready wit, which was manifested 
in conversation, and often in his public utterances. 

His labors were largely of the pioneer type. For six 
years, in his early ministry, he drove to Summerford, in 
Madison County, a distance of thirty-five miles, going on 
Saturday, preaching and returning on Sunday. He also 
drove to Greene County, a distance of twenty miles, and 
held services among the isolated members. 

He believed in a free Gospel. During these years of 
service for the Master, he was engaged in farming, but the 
pressing duties of the farm did not keep him from answer- 
ing the many calls that came for his ministry in the sick- 
room and on funeral occasions. During his ministry he 
preached nearly 300 funerals and officiated at about 100 
weddings. He continued his farm and ministerial labors 
until a very brief time before his death. Leaving the 
farm, he moved to New Carlisle, where he died Nov. 29, 

In his ministerial duties, Sister Leatherman, who still 


Norman Alvin Conover, son of Gilbert and Ida Conover, 
born near Dayton, Ohio, died Dec. 15, 1918, aged 27 years, 
2 months and 18 days. In 
1909 he married Artie M. 
Sollenberger, of Salem, Ohio. 
To this union were born 
three children. He leaves a 
wife, son, father, mother, 
three sisters and one brother. 
The body was sent from 
Kansas City, Mo., to Day- 
ton, Ohio, and laid to rest in 
the Lower Miami cemetery. 
His early education began 
in the country school. From 
there he went to the high 
Bro. N. A. Conover school in Trotwood, gradu- 

ating at the age of sixteen. 
After this he spent one term, preparatory to teaching, 
which occupation he followed for the next five years. At 
an early age he showed extraordinary ability as a student. 
His love for books and knowledge was a marked charac- 
teristic and a never-failing source of joy to him. 

At the age of seventeen, during a series of lectures given 
by Bro. D. L. Miller, at Trotwood, he became interested 
and accepted Christ. Soon after his marriage, when but 
twenty years of age, he was called to the ministry. Realiz- 
ing that there was plenty of ministerial help in their home 
congregation, and seeing the need at many other places, 
he answered the call of the Mission Board of Southern 
Ohio, taking charge of the mission at Circlcville, Ohio. 
Here Bro. Conover and wife successfully labored lor two 
years, during which time fifty accessions were made to the 
church, with a marked growth in Sunday-school and other 
church activities. ' 

Feeling the need of more preparation, he decided to go 
to Bethany Bible School, which he entered in June, 1916, 
remaining one year, when a call came from the Mission 
Board of the Middle District of Missouri, to take charge 
of the work in Kansas City. At the time of his death he 
had charge of the work at that place, and in spite of the 
many disadvantages, the work was prospering and grow- 
ing. He had planned to return to Bethany Bible School 
next year, to complete his college work. During his en- 
tire pastorate, here in Kansas City, he had been taking 
school work at the Trolle School. 

During the epidemic of influenza in this city, while go- 
ing into homes of many stricken with the disease, he him- 
self was infected. A short time before the end, he called 
those about his bedside to kneel, and prayed for those 
with whom he had labored, that they might be steadfast 
and true to their calling. His loyalty to the church, and 
concern for the welfare of those round about him, were 
characteristic. He had an open, frank disposition, genial 
and considerate, which not only made him many friends, 
but also was the means of making him a very useful serv- 
ant for his Master. He was anointed according to the 
Scriptures. He left us. as he was wont to greet us in 
life,— with a kindly greeting and a happy smile. 
Kansas City, Mo. J- A - Wyatt. 
. ♦ ■ 1 


" South Bend, population sixty-eight thousand, the lar- 
gest city in Northern Indiana and capital of St. Joseph 
County, is situated on the St. Joseph River, one of the 
most picturesque inland streams in the world, six miles 
south of the Indiana-Michigan line. It is regarded as one 
of the cleanest, best-paved and healthiest cities in Amer- 
ica." So states the South Bend Chamber of Commerce. 

In South Bend we have two churches. "The First" is 
located in the southeastern part of the city, on Indiana 
Avenue and Miami Street. The brethren and sisters there 
constitute a good-sized congregation. Their elder and 
pastor is Bro. T. Ezra George, 

The " Second Church " is in the northwestern part of 
the city, on the corner of Cushing and Van Buren Streets. 
The " Studebakers,"— back of the large corporation here, 
—were much in sympathy with our people and assisted 
materially in the building of the combined churchhouse 
and parsonage in 1903. The church was organized and had 
its initial shepherding under the joint leadership of Elders 
S F. Sanger and George D. Zollers. 

Bro. Sanger remained here until 1910; then moved to 
California. Brother Zollers is well remembered over our 
Brotherhood because of his extensive preaching and his 
engaging book of large output, entitled: "Thrilling Inci- 

dents and Poetical Musings on Sea and Land." Strange 
it is that, after passing safely through the many dangers, 
incident to his three-year whaling tour and his service in 
the Union Army, he should meet his death as he did, — 
from a fall amidst the quiet of his home, in 1911. His 
companion. Sister Sarah Zollers, still resides in the bounds 
of this church and is one of the aged faithful ones. A 
daughter is the wife of Eld. J. W. Grater, who was given 
charge of the congregation in 1912. He moved to Nap- 
panee, but very recently entered upon the pastorate of the 
Decatur church, II!. 

Bro. R. O. Roose was pastor here for several years, and 
as late as last summer. He now resides at Naperville, 
III., ministering to the church there, besides pursuing 
courses of study in Bethany Bible School, Chicago. 

Sept. 15 the writer entered upon the work here. For 
over a week, in the period when the " flu " ban was put on 
our services, he was out of the city. He returned Nov. 7, 
accompanied by wife and baby-daughter, and this place has 
since been accounted as home. 

The membership here is not large, — scarcely more than 

fifty. However, we are very glad for the number of others, 

— non-members and non-resident members, — who attend 

our public services, There are a few young members and 

(Continued on Page 58) 


SuERcfltlons for the Weekly Devotional Mectlnp Or 
Prayerful, Private Meditation. 

The New Life in Christ 

Romans 13: 14 
For Week Beginning February 2, 1919 

1. Introductory. — We enter upon the new life in Christ: 

(1) By sustaining such close and loving relations to him 
that unconsciously we reproduce his traits of character. 

(2) By meditating upon his life, as revealed in his Word. 

(3) By imitating his Example in going about doing good. 

2. What Does the New Life Mean for Us? — There must 
be the cultivation of personal likeness to Christ and per- 
sonal fellowship with Christ in this mighty enterprise. 
We must covenant with him that we will live fully conse- 
crated to his service, being absolutely sure that he is "the 
Bright and Morning Star," " the Chiefest among ten 
thousand, and the One altogether lovely." We must fully 
enter into his purposes for the world, until we are like him 
in all holy fellowship and in all rich reward. Then we will 
pray for the world until its redemption rests on our hearts 
as it rests upon his. This we will continue to do " until 
all shall know him, from the least to the greatest." 

3. Imitating the Divine Pattern. — All true believers are 
steadily endeavoring to enter into complete accord with 
the Divine Nature. They are growing up into their Living 
Head. " from whom all the body, fitly framed and knit 
together, through that which every joint supplieth, maketh 
increase in love." They speak the truth in love, and they 
love the truth. They find a message from God in each of 
the providential events, however small, of every day, and 
have so valid a sense of the actual personal presence of 
the Savior, as to be willing to give the keeping of their 
souls in Ins care, obtaining power for the days, and peace 
for the nights. Their spiritual life takes on ever larger 
and larger proportions, as their union with its Source 
grows closer. 

4. Paul's Fervent Conviction.— The great apostle fully 
understood the secret of a blessed and effective life. He 
bad the gracious consolation: "Christ loved me and he 
gave himself for me." He indulged in no exaggeration 
when he said: " For to me to live is Christ." It was this 
secret which he was always striving to communicate to 
others. When he asked Christians to give of their sub- 
stance to the work of the Lord, he reminded them of the 
Gracious Friend who, although rich, had made himself 
poor, that they, through his poverty, might become rich. 
When he exhorted them to forgive one another, he turned 
their eyes to the Blessed Father who. for Christ's sake, 
had forgiven them. It was his unshakable conviction that 
it is worth while to endure hardship and to suffer tribula- 
tion, for "if we be dead with him, we shall also live with 
him; if we suffer, we shall also reign with him." 

5. " Put Ye on the Lord Jesus Christ." — Not simply the 
righteousness of our Savior, not simply the beauty of his 
holiness, nor the graces of his character, are we to put 
on as a garment. The Lord HIMSELF is our vesture. We 
are so to enter into him by communion, that men shall see 
him when they behold us, as they see our garments when 
they look upon our bodies. 

6. Suggestive References.— Christ is willing to do more 
than we ask or think (Eph. 3: 14-21). Following Christ's 
example (Rom. 15: 2, 3). Manifesting the life of Jesus 
(2 Cor. 4:10). " Put on Christ " (Gal. 3: 37). The Perfect 
Pattern (Eph. 4: 13, 15, 24). " Walk in love " (Eph. 5: 2). 
The Mind of Christ (Philpp. 2: 5-8). "The new man" 
(Col. 3: 10, 11. 13). "Looking unto Jesus" (Heb. 12: 1-4). 
"Be ye holy" (1 Peter 1: 15). "Sons of God" (1 John 
3: 1. 2. 3, 16>. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1919 


Sunday-school Lesson, Israel Crossing the Red Sea. — 

EX. 14: 1 to 15: 21. 
Christian Workers' Meeting, The Bible in the World 

Crisis.— 1 Peter 1: 24, 25. 


Seven confessed Christ in the Bartlcsvillc Mission, Okla. 

Two were recently baptized in the church at Outlook, 

Four made the good choice at McPherson, Kans., re- 

One was baptized in the West Johnstown church. Pa., 
Jan. 5. 

One recently confessed Christ in the church at Colorado 
Springs, Colo. 

Two have been baptized in the Gennantown church, Pa., 
since the last report. 

One has been baptized in the First Church, York, Pa., 
since the last report. 

Five have confessed Christ in the church at Independ- 
ence, Kans., since the previous report. 

Eight accepted Christ at Daleville, Va., — Bro. Galen B. 
Royer, of Huntingdon, Pa., evangelist. 

Six confessed Christ at Woodville, Cal.,— Bro. P. E. 
Robertson, of Lindsay, same State, evangelist 

Four were baptized and one reclaimed in the Everett 
church. Pa., not as yet reported in these columns. 

Six stood for Christ in the Hade meetinghouse, Falling 
Spring congregation. Pa., — Bro. Rufus P. Bucher, of Quar- 
ryville, same State, evangelist. 

Bro. Ira H. Frantz, late of Sidney. Ohio, should now be 
addressed at Summerfield, Kans. 

The correspondents of Dr. J. S. Dorscy, of Baltimore, 
Md., arc requested to note that he has located at 411 Fifth 
Street, Miami, Fla., for the winter months. 

Bro. A. J. Culler, of McPherson, Kans., has been chosen 
by the Sunday School Board of his State as delegate to the 
World's Sunday School Convention at Tokyo, Japan. 

A cablegram, just received at the Mission Rooms, an- 
nounces that Bro. J. B. Emmert and family left Bombay, 
India, early in the morning of Jan. 20, making their home- 
ward voyage by way of the Pacific Route. 

Bro. Fred A. Flora, 234 N. Washington Avenue, Moscow, 
Idaho, has been chosen as Writing Clerk, pro tern., of 
Idaho and Western Montana, to fill the unexpired term of 
Bro. S. S. Neher, who has moved out of the State. All 
matter for District Meeting should be in the hands of Bro. 
Flora at least thirty days before the convening of the Dis- 
trict Meeting. 

Bro. R. W. Quakenbush informs us that he has moved 
from Fredonia. Kans., to R. D. 1, Olpe, same State, where 
he should be addressed hereafter. As this removal leaves 
the Fredonia church without ministerial help, any of our 
ministers, contemplating a change, will find an open and 
needy field at that point. Further information may be had 
by applying to Bro. W. H. Sell, Olpe, Kans. 

Among recent visitors at the "Messenger" rooms was 
Bro. Geo. K. Miller, of Cando, N. Dak., who, accompanied 
by his wife, is spending a few weeks with friends in North- 
ern Illinois. . Bro. Miller does not seem to mind shining 
partly by reflected light in addition to his own, so we men- 
tion the fact that he is the youngest brother of the more 
widely-known D. L. Miller, our Senior Editor. 

The Sunday-school Editor left Elgin last Sunday after- 
noon for Toronto, Canada, to attend a meeting of the Sun- 
day-school Council of Evangelical Denominations, in which 
body he represents the Sunday-school interests of the 
Church of the Brethren. Bro. Miller's itinerary also includes 
New York and Washington. In New York he is to confer 
with the American Committee for Relief in the Near East, 
formerly called the American Committee for Armenian 
and Syrian Relief, concerning the matters of which he 
speaks elsewhere on this page, and in Washington he 
hopes to meet Bro. J. M. Henry, Secretary of the Central 
Service Committee, who is also assisting in the develop- 
ment of the Relief and Reconstruction plans. On his re- 
turn journey he plans to spend the coming Sunday in a 
Union Sunday-school Meeting at South Bend, Ind. 

Bro. J. H. B. Williams returned from the twenty-sixth 
annual session of the Foreign Missions Conference of 
North America, held last week at New Haven, Conn., full 
of renewed energy and enthusiasm for his work. Fifty- 
six different mission boards or organizations were repre- 
sented, The general subject of the conference. was the re- 
lation of the missionary enterprise to the new world con- 
ditions. We have good grounds for the hope that Bro. 
Winger, Vice-Chairman of our Mission Board, who also 
attended the Conference, will give the "Messenger" read- 
ers the benefit of some of his impressions. 

We extend our congratulations to Bro. Andrew Hutchi- 
son, of La Verne, Cal,, in view of his having passed, on 
Jan. 15, the eighty-third anniversary of his birth. Though 
it has become difficult for him to use the pen, Bro. Hutchi- 
son writes to extend a few words of greeting to the read- 
ers of the " Messenger." His ministerial career has indeed 
been a remarkable one since he began it, more than fifty- 
nine years ago, especially so since during all that time, and 
even from a date several years beyond its beginning, he 
has not had a day entirely free from physical pain. At 
one time during this period Bro. Hutchison preached for 
440 days without missing a day. 


Bro. R. N. Leatherman, of Cincinnati, Ohio, to begin in 
April in the Anderson church, Ind. 

Bro. C. B. Smith, of Morrill, Kans., to begin in May in 
the Lamed country church, same State. 

Bro. J. Edwin Jarboe, of Chicago, III., to begin early in 
February in the West Wichita church, Kans. 

Bro. Nathan Martin, "^f Rheems, Pa,, to begin Feb. 15 in 
the Richland ho,use, Tulpebocken congregation, same State., 

Forward Movement Bulletin 

The Periodical Goal set for the year 1919 is as 

5,000 new " Gospel Messenger " subscriptions. 

5,000 new " Missionary Visitor " subscriptions. 

7,500 new " Our Young People" subscriptions. 

In order that each congregation may easily de- 
termine its share in this part of the Forward 
Movement program, the following general rule 
may be used: 

Secure two new " Gospel Messenger " subscrip- 
tions, two new " Missionary Visitor " subscrip- 
tions and three new "Our Young People" sub- 
scriptions for each group of forty 'members or 
fraction thereof. Of course, these subscriptions 
must be over and above what is necessary to 
make up for losses due to the death of subscribers 
or other causes. 

Will your congregation do its share toward 
reaching the Periodical Goal set for 1919? 

Elgin, Illinois 

Churches of Northwestern Ohio will please note Bro. J. 
L. Guthrie's announcement among the Notes. 

Bro. J. G. Stinebaugh, President of the Mission Board of 
Middle Indiana, makes an announcement among the Notes, 
to which the special attention of the churches of his Dis- 
trict is directed. 


The Bethel church, Colo., is greatly in need of a pastor. 
Sister Elnora B. Switzer, Arriba, Colo., will furnish par- 
ticulars regarding this opportunity for real usefulness. 

The members at McPherson, Kans., have decided upon 
the location for a new house of worship, and the building 
committee has been instructed to purchase the site decided 

The dedication of the new house of worship, now being 
erected by the Franklin County church, is to take place 
June 15, — Bro. A. P. Blough delivering the address for the 

Any minister, desiring a location for either city or coun- 
try work which would require a part of his time only and 
for which he would receive partial support, is invited to 
correspond with Dr. S. B. Miller, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

The Peters Creek church, Va,, raised a total of $1,290 
for Relief Work. This is a day of great needs, and we re- 
joice that many of our congregations are measuring their 
giving by the stupendous requirements of the situation. 

The members of the Waddams Grove church, 111., have 
caught the vision of greater possibilities. As the first step 
towards an aggressive movement, they propose to remodel 
and modernize the old church at Louisa, adapting it to the 
most approved Sunday-school requirements. A pastor is 
also to be secured for the more adequate evangelization of 
the home field. 

McPherson College desires to secure several copies of 
the College Catalog for each of the following years: 1888- 
'89, '89-'90, '90-'91, '91-'92, '92-'93, '93-'94, '96-'97, '97-'98, 
'99-'00, 1902-U3, 'lO-'ll, , 11-'12 J '12-'13, '13-'14. If any of our 
readers can mail catalogs for any of the years named above 
to the McPherson College Library, McPherson, Kans., the 
favor will Le appreciated. 

Sister Emma Miller, R. D. 2, Decatur, Ind., requests us 
to make the following correction: " In the ' List of Church- 
es, with Pastors and Elders" in Charge,' as given in the 
1919 Yearbook, Pleasant Dale church, Middle Indiana, is 
listed with Bro. D. M. Byerly as pastor, and Bro. Frank 
Fisher as elder. It should read: 'J. L. Kline, foreman; 
Frank Fisher, elder.' We have no pastor." 

Two city pastors are needed, right now, by the Mission 
Board of Middle Indiana, and two more will be required 
in the near future. Applicants for t*hese vacancies are 
kindly requested to address Bro. J. G. Stinebaugh, Presi- 
dent of Mission Board, Camden, Ind. 

A Good Answer. — The examining board of a leading de- 
nomination at Springfield, Mass., was called upon, recently, 
tc pass upon the qualifications of a lady candidate for the 
ministry. After a number of the usual questions had been 
asked and answered satisfactorily, the interrogator pro- 
pounded the ancient, much-debated question: " What is the 
relation of faith to works?" The candidate quickly replied: 
"Answering your question in a way that all can readily 
grasp, I would say: 'Fifty-fifty.'" Her answer impresses 
the Bystander as being concise and in perfect harmony 
with Holy Writ. 

Of a minister, who recently was called to his reward, it 
is said that he believed in the " instant in season and out 
of season " method of preaching, and greatly enjoyed see- 
ing the younger ministers unexpectedly called upon to 
preach. Doubtless he recognized that the development of 
initiative, and a readiness to preach acceptably on short 
notice, has decided advantages, and therefore he felt like 
encouraging any effort along that line. As for himself, he 
frequently called for a textTrom his audience, and quite 
often he is said to have preached his best sermons on those 
occasions. Possibly his training along a wide range of 
subjects enabled him to respond to any request that might 
be proffered, — a procedure" not always expedient for the 
average minister. 

' What the Mirror Reveals. — While, usually, the mirror 
is thought to cater to human vanity, it may, as a writer 
suggests, be made to serve a really useful purpose also. 
A lady, possessed of an uncontrollable temper, was told 
by a friend: " If you would only take a look at yourself 
in a mirror, when you have one of your fits of anger, the 
mortification experienced, because of your hideous appear- 
ance, would help you to control your temper." The s,ug- 
gestion0was pondered, and when the next aggravation 
caused angry feelings to arise, a glance at the mirror 
brought her to a realization of her changed exterior. It 
greatly annoyed her that she gave way so frequently to 
paroxysms of anger, and right then and there she resolved 
to remain perfectly calm hereafter, no matter how great 
the aggravation might be. Possibly none of us can afford 
to disregard what the mirror tells us. It may tell us some 
unpleasant things sometimes, when we are in an angry 
mood. Our mean thoughts and ungoverned passions may 
have spoiled an otherwise fair vjsage. We read of a 
mother who makes use of the mirror method whenever 
.her children give way to their tempers. Just one look at 
the reflection .is usually sufficient to bring the crossest 
child into a more amiable frame of mind. Let it not be 
forgotten, however, that the real work of grace must, after 
all, be wrought in the heart, the fountainhead of our 
thoughts and emotions. The inner man needs to look 
often into the mirror of Holy Writ, seeing himself therein 
as God sees him. Unreservedly placing himself in charge 
of the Divine Keeper, and resting wholly upon the Father's 
promises, there will be little occasion for angry passions 
and unkind words. 


Yes, our Sunday-schools and churches are responding 
most liberally to this great need. They feel the need and 
are doing their part towards the suffering. 

Our people respond more generally in gifts for relief 
than they do in gifts for reconstruction. There is a reason 
for this. All papers and magazines are full of appeals for 
money for relief. Immediate needs call louder than needs 
only a little more remote. But get ready for the great 
call that is coming to you for money with which to relieve 
and rebuild. You will be interested in knowing what your 
Relief and Reconstruction Committee has under way. 

Your committee has been hampered because the men 
composing it have been bound down with other work. 
But the way is now open to secure the help of some who 
will be able to give their time to this matter, and these 
are selecting a number of able assistants, so that all will 
come into immediate touch with the needs and the work. 

All funds received are reported monthly in the " Mission- 
ary Visitor." But remember that the " Visitor " reports 
are published about three months after the date of your 

So far it has cost you but little to handle these funds. 
Both the Mission Board and the Sunday School Board are 
represented on the committee, and these boards have kind- 
ly allowed their representatives te> do your work on the 
time of the boards. Further, these representatives have 
volunteered much work, so that the expense has been low. 

Support, as you should, your home church and home 
missions, contribute liberally to the appeals of the General 
Mission Board, but do not forget that you owe a debt to 
the starving and homeless. Prepare to meet your obliga- 
tion in a way that will satisfy your own conscience and 
your God. When you have done that, funds will not be 
lacking, and thousands will be rescued. J. E. Miller. 

Elgin, 111. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1919 



Red Cross Helping Russian School Children 
Pennies, nickels and dimes, contributed by American 
school children, may not be regarded by some as a very 
large factor in relieving dire want, and yet these humble 
gifts have been providing midday nourishment for more 
than 2,200 school children of Archangel, Russia. A great 
majority of the Russian children are in an anaemic condi- 
tion,— many of them refugees from the, interior of the 
country, where food of alt kinds has been practically un- 
obtainable during the last year, because of scarcity or the 
prohibitive price. Many of the school-teachers are also 
refugees, and the Red Cross is making provisions for their 
relief. Truly, our gifts to this worthy society are " bread 
cast upon the waters." 

" Conscientious Objectors " Released 

Jan, 11, according to reliable reports, 1,500 "Conscien- 
tious Objectors " were dismissed from further service un- 
der the military arm of the Government. The above num- 
ber comprises men whose claims for exemption from com- 
batant service resulted in their being assigned to other 
duties. Whether the dismissal includes those who, for 
various reasons, were assigned to the Disciplinary Barracks 
at Fort Leavenworth, Kans., we are unable to say. The 
sentences of these vary from ten to thirty years, and at 
best will entail untold hardship. Recent regulations of 
the War Department will,, hawever, greatly mitigate the 
rigor of the treatment meted out to these unfortunate 
ones, and it is to be hoped that in course of time many may 

be pardoned. 

Eighty Millions for Changing Books 
War's demands are multiform, and by and by it will levy 
a toll on every household that has children in school. As 
soon as the Peace Conference has ended its sessions, all 
geographies and histories used in the schools will have to 
be revised. This means two new books for each of twenty 
and one-half million school children, or forty-one million 
new books in all. Each of these books will cost parents 
at least a dollar each, if not more. In some of the cities 
and States school-books are provided at public expense, 
but even there each tax-payer must help to foot the bill. 
Then all the old books, which originally cost about as 
much as those mentioned above, must be junked. This 
makes the total bill about eighty million dollars, and all 

due to the war. 

Distressing Conditions in Russia 
While, unfortunately, little of the actual conditions in 
Russia is permitted to reach the outside world, enough is 
known to cause considerable uneasiness to other nations. 
Bolshevism ,is a real danger wherever its pernicious in- 
fluences happen to strike. Its demoralizing tendency is 
clearly shown in a recent ruling of the town council of 
Petrograd, according to which " all unmarried women be- 
tween the ages of eighteen and forty-five " shall be pro- 
vided with husbands selected by the council. Children are 
not to remain with their parents, but are to be taken to 
some institution, to be reared and educated by the state. 
Just imagine what such a destruction of real family life 
will mean to a country whose moral conceptions are none 

too good, at bestl 

A Change for the Better 
Recent reports indicate that the great Krupp factory at 
Essen, Germany, where the giant guns have been manu- 
factured, is to be turned to industrial uses, and will hence- 
forth produce farm implements, or something of that sort. 
Concerning such a plan, many highly commendatory things 
might be said. While it would, undoubtedly, be a good 
thing for Germany, it would be equally good for all other 
nations also. Laying aside all other theories for war 
elimination— the one infallible way to prevent war is to 
stop making implements of war. As Dr. Frank Crane so 
pointedly observes: "It is a psychologic certainty that a 
nation which goes on, for a long time, manufacturing 
things wherewith to shoot,, will, by and by, go crazy and 
make use of them." 

stop the sale of liquors' forever. Undoubtedly the war 
gave the prohibition movement in this country overwhelm- 
ing impetus, and "dry" leaders found little difficulty in 
getting through Congress the resolution, submitting the 
Constitutional Amendment, as well as several temporary 


War Cripples Parade 
Citizens of Berlin, Germany, were given an opportunity, 
recently, to view a most harrowing demonstration. Tens 
of thousands of war cripples, — men maimed for life, — 
marched in ranks of four at a pace adapted to cripples un- 
able to walk without crutches. Many were without one 
leg, many had. lost both. These men were followed by 
cripples without arms. Then came the blind, and men 
with faces injured so terribly that one woman fainted as 
she looked at them. Tears filled the eyes of the onlookers. 
The dismal procession took hours to pass the Ministry of 
War building. And as this was but a small part of the 
large aggregate of the crippled, the effect wrought upon 
the onlookers was most distressing. The tragedies of war 
are beyond human conception. 

centers as a vital factor of national welfare, discussed the 
very subject above referred to. All agreed that if a sub- 
stitute for the saloon is to be created, those in charge must 
first appreciate what social feature is really worth while in 
the saloon. A social gathering place for men must have 
an atmosphere of good-fellowship and exalted optimism, 
encouraging the development of the best, — a place truly 
worth while. Here is a task for the Christian forces of 
our land, — a supreme opportunity! 

Prohibition Wins the Day 
Jan. 16 will long be remembered as the memorable date 
on which national prohibition was practically assured by 
the ratification of the Constitutional Amendment by thirty- 
eight States. Still other States are anxiously awaiting the 
opportunity to make a like declaration. While prohibition 
leaders are glorying in their great victory, they realize that 
the United States will not be bone-dry unless, in some 
way, the law is rigidly enforced. Past experience has 
shown that public sentiment must insist upon faithful ad- 
herence to any prohibitory enactment, if it is to be made 
a success. The United States honored itself by being the 
first great nation to enact a permanent prohibitory meas- 
ure. With the outbreak of the war, Russia stopped the 
sale of intoxicants by imperial order, though the restric- 
tions were not fully observed/and, after the Czar's ab- 
dication, they. were soon wholly disregarded. France 
adopted a stringent regulatory policy, and other countries 
did likewise, but none of them took legislative action to 

" Bone-Dry " Law Is Upheld 
Statutes of some of the " dry " States seemingly per- 
mitted persons, bibulously inclined, to secure limited 
amounts of intoxicants for their own use, either by bring- 
ing them into the State personally, or importing them oth- 
erwise. The decision of a lower court in West Virginia, 
some weeks ago, exonerated a citizen of that State for 
carrying a quart of whisky for his personal use into his 
home town, because the local law permitted it. Then the 
Supreme Court was called upon to decide whether the 
" Reed Bone-Dry Amendment," as enacted by Congress, 
applied to the case in question. A decision was handed 
down which definitely settles this matter. The Reed 
Amendment holds, and must be lived up to, no matter 
what the statute of a State may allow. 

Sacrifice of a Moravian Mother 
White much has been said of the readiness of mothers 
to give up their sons for the service of their eountry, no 
finer story of sacrifice, joyfully made, can be told than that 
of a Moravian mother who had given a son to missions. 
When told, one day, of his death, she said: "Since my 
son Thomas has gone to heaven through the missionary 
life, I hope God wilt call my son John to the service." 
John was called, became a missionary and also died. When 
the mother heard the sad message, she exclaimed: " I 
wish the Lord would call my last son, William." Her 
prayer was answered. William went and also fell on the 
field. But the mother's holy courage and devotion to her 
Lord could not be daunted, for she exclaimed: "Would 
that I had a thousand sons to give to God." 

An Evangelistic Campaign for India 
As a successful manager of interdenominational cam- 
paigns in Oriental lands, Sherwood Eddy probably ranks 
among the best. This year he proposes to enter upon 
evangelistic activities in India, taking up that work under 
wholly interdenominational auspices. His aim is not to 
hold large meetings, on the plan of the extensive union 
revival efforts of this country. His purpose is rather to 
get in touch with small groups of non-Christian men and 
women who tiave been under missionary influences, but 
not yet brought to a definite decision. Then, too, Mr. 
Eddy expects to spend much time with the students at the 
various educational institutions, hoping to win many of 
them for the Kingdom, thus making them a leavening in- 
fluence to gain others. 

Helpfulness in the Home Field 
We notice that the Friends, despite their great activity 
in Reconstruction Work in France, are not neglectful of 
opportunities here at home. In Anderson, Ind., they have 
undertaken the establishment of a children's boarding 
home and day nursery,— the latter for mothers who must 
work. At the boarding home fathers may board their 
motherless children, so they need not be dependent upon 
the care of county officials. When county and city officials 
consulted with Friends on providing for this urgent emer- 
gency, the society at once regarded it as an opportunity not 
to be passed by unimproved. Steps were taken to put the 
work on a permanent footing,— the plan being to make it 
eventually self-supporting. Here is a phase of "welfare 
work" readily adaptable to almost any community, and 
one that our people may well consider. The more fully 
we enter into the life of the people whom we meet from 
day to day, the more readily can we be of real service to 
them, And that will give the right sort of ring to our 
Christian profession. 

A Substitute Needed 
Right now, while the final disappearance of the saloon 
has been practically assured by the recent victory of the 
prohibition forces, it is none too early to took at a problem 
that will have to be faced. When, in obedience to the de- 
cision of the majority, the saloon doors will close at the 
time designated, what provision will be made to furnish 
a social place of assembly for the former saloon patrons? 
It is a well understood fact that the strongest attraction 
of the saloon, for many of its patrons, has always been the 
social feature,— especially so in the larger cities. Welt 
warmed and lighted, the better grade of saloons provided 
a cdnvenient center of intercourse. Saloon defenders have 
urged that, in a very real sense, the saloon is " the poor 
man's club," and that the closing of these places will de- 
>bar those men from any opportunity of social commin- 
gling. Christian workers along social lines, who have had 
experience with community centers, feet quite sure that 
they can furnish a very acceptable substitute for the sa- 
loon, affording every facility for agreeable and uplifting 
associations. Advocates of that movement see in the pass- 
ing of the saloons a supreme opportunity for expansion of 
the Community Center Movement, and it can not be denied 
that their" point is well taken. At a recent conference in 
New York City, leading workers, interested in community 

Selfishness Must Go 
M. Clenienccau, the French Premier, in an address before 
the French Chambers, recently declared that whatever else 
came out of the Peace Conference, " France's interests 
would have to be made safe at alt hazards." Though 'the 
utterance was made thoughtlessly, perhaps, it was wholly 
unworthy of the usually level-headed official, and we need 
not wonder that dissenting exclamations were made all 
over the chamber, some even saying: "The war has com- 
menced again." We may rest assured, that whatever 
means, eventually adopted at the Peace Conference, may 
settle future wars, selfishness can never do it. The safety 
of France, Great Britain or any nation will never be in- 
sured by a purely selfish measure, but rather by a willing- 
ness to become factors in the program of general world 
welfare, by contributing to the success and permanency of 
the League of Nations. 

Uncalled for Display 

Were a prophet of old suddenly to appear among the 
devotees of fashion's display and extravagance, he would 
doubtless find much occasion for severe criticism, and 
even vehement denunciation. Recent press reports tell us 
that leading Boston women are greatly incensed over the 
expenditure of $75,000 for a fur coat by Mrs. W. E. Corey, 
wife of the " steel king." Rightfully they denounce it as 
extravagant, and in particularly bad taste at this time, 
when the mothers of war-devastated Europe are crying for 
the wherewithal to feed and clothe their children. A lead- 
ing advocate of greater simplicity in feminine apparel 
frankly insists: " No American woman should flaunt a $75,- 
000 sable coat in the faces of French women who have 
sacrificed so much in the war." Another lady rightfully 
maintains: "American womerr are spending far more on 
dress than they ought to." Perhaps the light of a clearer 
vision is dawning. If God gives us the possibilities and 
the power to get wealth, to acquire influence, to be forces 
in the world, what is the true conception of life but Divine 
Ownership and human administration? " Of thine own 
we render thee." All that we have should be at the Lord's 


Joyfully Enduring Affliction 

Mrs Helen Barrett Montgomery, who recently visited 
the mission fields of the Far East, describes some decided- 
ly interesting incidents and scenes of church life in Korea. 
While, to most of us, actual persecution and suffering is 
merely a descriptive term, rather than an actual experi- 
ence the earnest Christians of Korea have not been with- 
out their testing times by fire and sword. Several years 
ago a huge conspiracy was alleged to have been started 
by native Christians, and ever since, the Japanese authori- 
ties have laid a heavy hand upon the supposed offenders. 
Missionaries, even, were accused. Koreans were hurried 
off to prison, and when they would not confess to charges 
of which they were wholly innocent, they were tortured 
to extort an admission of some sort. One man was tor- 
tured for seventy days, to make him confess, but in spite 
of agonizing pain he would not admit the charges, nor 
would he deny his Lord. In full enjoyment of the com- 
fortable Christianity here at home, and our inclination to 
murmur and complain at every semblance of hardship, all 
of us might surely get a new note of actual rejoicing m 
affliction from the remarkable experience of a Korean 
student: Maliciously accused of plotting against the of- 
ficials pf the land, he was put in jail as a suspect. Placed 
in a cell by himself, his chief sorrow was that he was 
barred from contact with the other prisoners, to whom he 
might have talked about Christ. Banishment to a near by 
island followed, but finally he was released. With a shin- 
ing face he said: "Just think. I longed for a chance to 
speak of Christ, and mourned because I could not do it in 
jail. Then God sent me to an-unevangelized island, where 
there was plenty of work, and the Government paid my 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1919 



We kaow thy herald, Winter cold, 
We hear his footsteps quick and bold, 
He runneth over field and wold , 

To tell us of thy coming. 
We sec the dead leaves on the trees, 
The little bird far south now flees. 
The grass is fading on the leas; 

For thy approach all's ready. 

To Fall we bid a fond farewell. 
And of her wondrous beauty tell, 
Then hear through forest, wood and dell 
Departing footsteps hurrying. 
Harrisburg, Pa. 

The Minister's Wife 


Her Relation to the Congregation, Her Home and Her 

Husband's Work 

(ThlB pnpor wns road by Sister Wagner at the Ministerial 

Meeting of th« Middle District of Missouri, and Is by special 

request given to our renders. — Ed.) 

Among no other class of people have the wives so 
much to do with the success or failure of their hus- 
bands, in their life-work, as among the ministers. 
Many of them, by their tempers, their tongues, their 
bad manners, and their want of tact as well as of piety, 
have destroyed the usefulness of their husbands. In 
some instances they have even caused them to give up 1 
the ministry. 

We are glad, however, that a larger number have 
been real " help-meets," indeed, to their husbands in 
their work. They have made the rough places smooth, 
and inspired their husbands with faith, hope and cour- 
age. They have won the love of the members by their 
kindness, helpfulness and self-sacrifice. They have 
set a good example by their dress and conduct. 

The church needs the minister's wife, for her ac- 
tivities are a vital factor of the church. True, it may 
not be noticed by the public, but it is of value, never- 
theless. . The highest influence is not always exerted 
by the one that can stand in public and give a talk. 
During this meeting, perhaps, many a minister's wife 
is at home, charged with the cares of the family, and 
praying for the success of this meeting. 

As a matter of course, the minister's wife should 
attend all the services and lead in prayer, but there 
are many other avenues of service. Her secret prayers 
and her kind handshakes are of great value. Her hand 
laid upon the shoulder of one who is discouraged, 
often means much. By her tact the young people may 
be interested and kept at work. The minister's wife, 
therefore, besides carrying the larger burdens of the 
home and family, may be of untold use to God and 
the church. • 

Every minister's wife should try to be a blessing to 
the church. If she is not, -there is something radically 
wrong. By her untiring faith and prayer she can 
have a large place in helping her husband. She may 
help him to do his part in bringing the world to the feet 
of Jesus. 

Her prayers should ascend while her husband is 
preparing his sermon, and also while he is in the pul- 
pit. This contributes much toward the success of his 

It is wholly appropriate for the minister's wife to 
appear neat and clean, but this does not mean a dis- 
play of unnecessary finery. Too many wives of today 
are spending their time making things that only add 
to needless display, while many things are remaining 
undone for the Master's cause. The wife can be a 
great help in the proper appearance of the minister, 
in the pulpit and otherwise. 

No one but the minister's wife can see so well the 
things the minister should not do, when standing be- 
fore his audience. No one is so greatly concerned 
about his creditable appearance. 

A minister, on one occasion, was telling what a 
task his wife had in getting him to quit some of his 
unbecoming habits in the pulpit. She was always 

afraid that he might do something that is improper. 
Of course this thing can be carried too far and yet a 
gentle hint may not be out of place when some in- 
appropriate things are unconsciously done in the pulpit. 

The home is a divine institution. God's aim was to 
have it kept pure and clean. All ministers' homes 
should be dedicated to God and given over to the ad- 
vancement of his Kingdom. Much of the responsibil- 
ity of the home will naturally devolve upon the wife,, 
for the husband is busy with his daily work, besides 
attending to the ministry of the Word. You should 
find in that home love, sympathy, welcome, good 
nature and freedom, — a place where God loves to 
dwell. A husband going out from a neat, quiet home, 
where these are found, certainly can do better work 
in the pulpit. 

I am glad that it does not take money to make this 
kind of a home, and that God is ready, at all times, to 
help erect such homes. Today, owing to conditions 
in our country, women have become discontented with 
their God-given sphere. They are belittling the duties 
of home, wife and mother, and crying out for larger 
and more prominent places. They are impatient with 
their high calling, — the greatest in all the world. 

I wonder if there is not a reason for this. Many 
of our girls think that when they finish high school, 
they must enter into the business circle of life, — work 
in some office or bank. Titus 2 : 3, 4, 5 tells us that the 
older women should train the young women to be kind, 
sober-minded, chaste and workers at home. 

In order that their daughter may meet with success, 
the mother often does all the work at Jiome. The 
daughter has no time to cook, to bake and to sew. 
Then, when she enters a home of her own, there are 
so many things to learn all -at once that the tasks 
seem a burden to her. Little ones come. The moth- 
er's health may not be good, and she becomes dis- 
couraged with her place in the world. How could a 
wife like this be a help to her husband and his work? 

Good daughters make good wives and good mothers. 
It is a mother's influence, above all else, that shapes 
life and moulds character. Nothing can be compared 
with a mother's influence. The wife and mother con- 
tributes to the church's and world's need when she is 
sewing seams in tiny garments, besides giving the little 
ones the touch of love. 

Woman has been given a fine and sensitive tempera- 
ment, wjth sympathies easily touched, and this has 
fitted her beautifully for the home. 

God honored motherhood in choosing a fine, pure, 
chaste, virgin to be the mother of Jesus. This should 
be an honor to every mother. 

One of the saddest blights that can darken a home 
is the deliberate exclusion of little children from its 
realms. Would this fact make any difference to the 
minister's home, his congregation and the world with 
which he comes in contact? It certainly would, for a 
minister's wife that does not love the little babe, can 
not love the children with whom she will come in 
contact, while helping her husband. If she does not 
love children, how can she have real love and sympathy 
for the members of her husband's congregation? The 
world is expecting much of the minister's wife, and has 
a right to. 

If all churches over the land had more wives and 
mothers like Mary and Hannah of old, there would be 
more sons ready for the ministry, more daughters that 
would be real ministers' wives, more ministers going 
out with a greater earnestness, having prayers back 
of their message, and thus God's Kingdom would be 

Adrian, Mo. 


AKRON, OHIO.— Sisters' Aid Society met during the year 
eighteen times, with an average attendance of twelve; total at- 
tendance. 189. Articles made: 100 prnyer-coverings, bonnets. 
59 garments, 11' comforts and quilts; also curtains for Sunday- 
school rooms. We gave over 100 pieces of new and second-hand 
clothing^to needy families; $50 to the Mary Quintet Memorial 
Hospital In India; $5 to the Armenian and Syrian Relief, as- 
our Christmas offering. Our officers for the year 1919 are as fol- 
lows: President, Edna Myers; Vice-President. Blla Schrock; 
Superintendent. Sister Lovina Hane; Assistant Superintendent, 
Iva Brubaker; Secretary-Treasurer, the writer; Assistant Secre- 
tary-Treasurer. Sister Ollie Dague. — Mrs. Ethel - Hauensteln, 
Akron, Ohio, Jan. 4. 

BBEUEV, OHIO.— The following In it report of our Aid So- 

ciety for the year 1918: We held eleven meetings with on aver- 
age attendance of seven. Our work consisted of making bonnets 
and aprons and sewing rug-rags and quilt-patches. Home work 
was also done. We sold 165 bonnets, 4 comforts. 5 rugs and 22 
aprons, receiving $76.13; dues and donations, $14.14; balance from 
last year. $48.72; total, $138.97. We gave to our home church. 
$39; to Mary Quinter Hospital, $15; Conference collection, $10; 
to Bethany Bible School, $5; for material, $30.34; balance on 
hand, $39.63. Officers elected are: President, Sister Maria Stoner; 
Vice-President, Sister Lilly Adcock; the writer, Secretary-Treas- 
urer. — Anna Stoner, Bremen, Ohio, Jan. 11. 

CHICKIES, PA.— Following is the report of the Chickles 
Sisters' Aid Society, from Jan. 1, 1918, to Jan. 1. 1919: During 
1918 we held 19 meetings, — 10 regular and 9 special; average at- 
tendance, 10. Onr work during the year consisted mostly of 
quilting, making aprons, bonnets, boys' blouses and suits, and 
dust-caps. Donations during the year: 1 comfort, valued at 
$5; 1 apron and a small gift, 75 cents. We filled a Christmas 
box, valued at $36, and sent It to Douglas Park Mission, Chi- 
cago. Contributed toward the support of an orphan in India, 
$20; India Boarding School, $25; Elizabethtown College room. 
$10; Red Cross, $10; Belgian Relief, $10. Made and sold 6 
clothes-pin bags, 1 button bag, 2 dresses, 105 bonnets, 106 aprons, 
3 handkerchiefs, 5 quilts, 3 comforts, 14 dust-caps, 4 boys' 
blouses, 3 boys' stiltB. Dues and collections received, $41.61; from 
3917, $47.58; total, $206.31; total paid out, $166.15; balance, $40.16. 
New officers are President, Sister Emma Zng: Vice-President, 
Sister Kate K. Zug; Secretary, the writer; Treasurer, Alice 
Hoi linger .—Fannie Zug Shearer, Chickles, Pa„ Jan. 4. 

EEL RIVER, IND.— -The following Is a report of our Aid So- 
ciety for 1918: We had twelve regular and three special meetings, 
with nn average attendance of seventeen. Donations: 23 yards 
of material, 21 dozen of buttons, 30 6pooIs of thread, 14 bolts 
of braid. 2 bolts of tape. 6 handkerchiefs, 3 rolls of comfort 
bats and 2 bonnets. We made 80 garments, 40 sun-bonnets, 
knotted 2 comforts, quilted 1 quilt, joined 1 quilt-top and 1 
comfort-top. Cash on hand, Jan. 1, 1918, $27.68; offerings, $25.47; 
solicitation, $6.25; sold garments and sun-bonnets, $18.20; total, 
$77.60. Expenditures: Conference offering, $5; District Secre- 
tary, 25 cents; a minister's wife, $6,25; for material, $42.56; totnl, 
$54.06; balance, $23.54. We sent the following articles to the 
Mexico Home: 56 garments, 2 comforts, 6 handkerchiefs. The 
following officers were elected: Sister Mary Metzger, President: 
Sister Mary Tjlrey, Vice-President; Sister Sarah Tridle, Super- 
intendent; Sister Susan Metzger, Assistant; Sister Alice Fultz, 
Secretary-Treasurer; Sister Grace Fultz, Assistant.— Laura Mill- 
er, North Manchester, Ind., Jan. 10. 

FOSTORIA, OHIO.— Report of Fostoria Aid Society: Number 
of meetings held, 33; number of members enrolled. 11; average 
attendance, 6; number of garments made. 16; pillow- tops, 3; 
quilted 13 quilts; sold 3 quilts and four comforts; cut quilt- 
blocks one day, for which we received $1; sewed 25 pounds of 
carpet-rags; paid $10 to former pastor; amount in treasury, 
$29.31. The following officers were elected: SLstec Nancy Wit- 
more, President; Sister Fannie Ingle, Secretary-Treasurer. — Mrs. 
Ella Sellers, Fostoria, Ohio, Jan. 8. 

GOSHEN, IND.— The Aid Society of the West Goshen church 
met Dec. 18 to reorganize. Officers were elected as follows: 
President, Sister Sarah Cripe; Vice-President, Ida Treesh; 
Treasurer. Lorettn Gallespie; Superintendents, Sisters Lovina 
Bigler and Nannie Prlscr. Roll call, 31; visitors, 30. From Dec, 
39, 1917, to Dec. 18, 1938. we held 33 meetings, total number 
present, 452 ; average attendance. 13 ; total collection. $23.05 ; 
average. 69 cents. Various articles were made And sold, but 
our work consisted mostly of quilting, making bonnets, cover- 
ings, comforters, etc., besides the work done by the day. Dona- 
tions for the needy, for home missions, in money, labor and 
clothing, $72.09. To Hastings Street Mission we gave three 
packages, valued at $31.81 and money, $17.15; to Sister Winnies 
Cripe, of China, in money and labor. $4.69. Money donated to \ 
Aid, $22.86; material. $24.15*: money on hnnd ficst of year, 
71.67: money received for articles sold, $101.29; collections. 
$23.05; total, $196.01. Expenditures: Support of an orphan in 
China, ?22; Mary Quinter Memorial Hospital, $10; Armenian and 
Syrian Relief, $10; material, $93.28; total, $135.28; balance, $60.73; 
material on hand, $53.63. — Mrs. Emma McManus. Goshen, Ind.. 
Jan. 8. 

GOSHEN, IND.— Sisters' Aid Society of the Goshen City church 
held 39 sessions, with nn average attendance of 34. Work con- 
sisted of quilting, ranking and knotting comforters, mnking cov- 
erings and sewing for the Belgians and Red Cross. We quilted 
20 quilts, made 71 pieces of clothing for Belglnn bnbies and 36 
aprons for the Red Cross, which sold for $25. Also made 62 
handkerchiefs, 38 tray-cloths, 32 napkins. Money received for 
work done, $263.16. Money paid out in donations, $16S.18; bal- 
ance on hand, $95.06. Sick visits reported, 160.— Dora Stiver, 
Goshen, Ind., Jan. 10. 

KOKOMO, IND. — Officers for the following year are: Presi- 
dent, Sister Jeffers ; Vice-President, Sister Welst ; Superintend- 
ent, Sister Fleming; Assistant, Sister Brubaker; Secretary, Sis- 
ter Rogers; Assistant, Sister Lucy Kissinger; Treasurer, Sister 
Hlntt; Devotional Committee, Sister Sampsel and Sister Werklng; 
Flower Committee, Sisters Rogers and Davis. Our work has 
been, chiefly, making rugs for sate. Expenditures from Jan, 
4, 1938, to Jnn. 2, 1919, $47.34: balance in treasury. $33.44. We 
sent to the Mexico Home: 2 comforts, 12 towels and wash- 
cloths; $5 to Red Cross; $5 to Southern District Missions. We 
now have enrolled twenty-two members, with an average at- 
tendance of eight. — Sister Rebecca N. Kissinger, Kokomo, Ind.. 
Jan. 6. 

NORTH MANCHESTER, IND.— Report of the Mission Sewing 
Circle for the year 1918: Members enrolled, 40; number of meet- 
ings held, 20; average attendance, 16; visitors, 14. A Christmas 
box was packed with 1 comfort, 60 new garments and 2 pair 
shoes, and sent to the Marjon Mission. Donations were made 
to Sister Lillian Grlsso, $5; Marlon Mission, $5; Armenian Relief, 
$25; Mary Quinter Memorial, $25; College Mission Band, $25; 
Ministerial College Fund, $25: Manchester College Endowment, 
(Continued on Page 62) 


(Continued from Page 55) 

a number of aged ones. Some of the latter are physically 

unable to attend our meetings. Several are octogenarians. 

Our deacons are four, — Brethren George A. Senseman. 
Frank Bottorff, Wesfey W. Zimmerman and John W. 
Austin. At a recent council, in selecting church officers 
for the present year, Bro. H. L. Chambers was chosen 
president of the Christian Workers' Society; Bro. Wesley 
W. Zimmerman, superintendent of Sunday-school. As 
presiding elder we have Bro. T. Ezra George. The pas- 
tor deems it both a pleasure and a blessing to be associated 
in the Work of the city with Bro. George. 

The Ministerial Association of the city meets each Mon- 
day. A scora of pastors are present on an average, and 
the sessions are often quite helpful, as items of common 
interest are considered. We are grateful for the fact that 
in our daily newspapers we are offered space on Satur- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1919 


days for the publication of our church announcements. 
Thus our services are impressed upon the reading public. 
Recently, after being in the reading room of the Y. M. 
C. A., and after examining various magazines and religious 
papers in the Public Library,' the question came with 
special force: "■ Why is there not in evidence, at each place, 
our 'Gospel Messenger'?" The pastor of the Second 
Church could think of no one more responsible than him- 
self for the " Messenger's " absence, so he got immediately 
busy upon arrival home. As a consequence, there is each 
week, now, a " Messenger " at each of the places referred 
to. These -extra copies are read by,— who knows how 
many? The places referred to are frequented by a multi- 
tude of persons in a week's time. Beyond our compre- 
hension is the great good that may be done by our faith- 
ful " Gospel Messenger." 

An excellent Christmas program was rendered by our 
Sunday-school on the evening of Dec. 22. The little folks 
did extra well, and the adults also acquitted themselves 
creditably. An offering of $10 was lifted for our Relief 
and Reconstruction Committee. 

The writer became acquainted recently with Rev. Frank 
B. Solin, M. A., formerly a Jew, who has been a Christian 
now for twenty-six years. He now superintends the 
Christian Mission to Israel, in Chicago. He delivered a 
message, unique and uplifting, at our evening service, Dec. 

Jan. 5, when, by reason of their broken furnace, the 
members of the First Church could not assemble in their 
own house, a number of them came over to our church and 
gave us an agreeable surprise. The Spirit of the Lord 
was surely present as we worshiped together. 

In conjunction njith the pastorate of the Second Church 
is the work of the Berrien church, Michigan. The latter 
is financed by the Mission Board of Northern Indiana. 
The pastor regrets that he has been able to give but little 
service to that field. A number of times he attempted to 
minister there, but was singularly hindered. It is a hard 
point to work from here, as every one acquainted with the 
situation will readily agree. It ,can only be reached by 
automobile, and at least forty-five miles must be traversed 
to complete the round trip. 

An outline of the day's work, when the pastor last min- 
istered to both churches on the same Sunday, may pos- 
sibly be of interest. At South Bend, our Sunday-school 
convened at 9:30 A. M., where the writer taught a class 
of young people. Afterwards he delivered the morning 
message. Dinner was hastily eaten, and then, accompan- 
ied by his wife and babe, the auto trip was made through 
Niles and Buchanan to the Berrien church. There another 
service was conducted. Upon return to South Bend it 
was nearly time for the Christian Workers' Meeting. He 
was leader that night, and, in addition, led singing in the 
absence of all three choristers. Then came the evening 
sermon from the pulpit. You need not wonder that there 
was a sweet night's repose. Ralph G. Rarick. 

South Bend, Ind., Jan. 6. 

as well as small grains and grasses, — this State being the 
natural home of the red clover. 

The town of Nymore is a part of Bemidji, a hustling 
little city of 8,000, located near a number of fine lakes. 
Thus excellent facilities are afforded for fishing as well as 
for securing game, which abounds in the timber close by. 

A small group of members is already located near this 
place. We welcome more, as there is room for all. The 
land company at Bemidji has very kindly offered to hold 
all their land in that community for our members, if they 
wish to locate close together. They are anxious to secure 
settlers who are good, honest, industrious people. We 
hope to have a prosperous church in the near future, and 
will be only too glad to answer any inquiry that may be 
made. Address either Abner Stone, R. D. 3, Bemidji, 
Minn., or the writer. Wilbur Brower. 

Nymore, Minn., Box 45. 

health conditions, we are glad to report the freedom from 
influenza in this locality. 

All are invited to attend the sessions of this Institute. 
Over three hundred attended last year, and we hope for a 
still larger attendance this year. Programs will be sent to 
alt applying for them. F. F. Holsopple. 


The Sisters' Aid Society is one of the working branches 
of the church. The more we work in the Society, the lar- 
ger the branch becomes. What are you doing to help 
make the branch grow? In the past year most Aid So- 
cieties were doing Red Cross work, which was well and 
good. When the call came for help to relieve the suffer- 
ing, the women from the churches answered the call and 
did their part. Some sewed, while others knit. In every 
call for the good of mankind the church has been ready 
to lend her assistance. By united help, the world war 
came to an end. Can we not unite in the work of, the 
church and cause a greater work in the saving of souls? 
Can we, as Aid Societies, make this year of 1919 the best 
yet in our work? Organize your District and cooperate 
as one, have one aim, and let that aim be " winning souls 
for him who died that we might live." In union there is 

It is sometimes said: " Their Aid Society." Can we not 
say: "Our Aid Society," and really feel we belong to it? 
May we be willing to follow where he leadsl 

There are many sad and destitute homes by reason of 
the war and influenza. Can you not go as an Aid Society 
worker, and take with you sunshine and comfort to these 
homes? The test of a Christian is serving. What greater 
joy can one have than helping othersl Calls have come 
to our notice from the Far West, for help in needy fami- 
lies, and should there be those worthy homes in need, you 
can make it known in this way. Let our motto for the 
year 1919 be: "Willing Workers." 

Mrs. M. C. Swigart, President. 

6611 Germantown Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa. 



An all-day meeting of the Board of Trustees of Blue 
Ridge College and the Board of District Trustees of 
Eastern Maryland was held Jan. 4. Much business was 

Great interest in the development of the college was 
shown and a fine enthusiasm for larger things was freely 
expressed. Plans for enlarging the scope of the Bible 
• Department and the training of church workers, were 
formulated, and adopted. A program for the renovation 
and construction of buildings, which are much needed, 
was outlined and authorized. Steps were taken to increase 
the number of members on the Board of Trustees, and to 
* extend their distribution. 

A resolution was passed, endorsing the Forward Move- 
ment of the church as outlined by the various Boards, and 

pledging their cooperation. 

The Treasurer's report showed 

that splendid progress is^being made with the Endowment 
Fund. F - R Holsopple. 


Beautiful northern Minnesota, with its lakes and streams 
and trees, with its ever-increasing number of homeseekers 
and homemakers, is, as yet, a comparatively new field of 
labor for the Church of the Brethren. There is fine op- 
portunity here for missionary enterprise. Many commu- 
nities, both here and elsewhere, have long been, and are 
now without any religious influence whatever. In some 
places union Sunday-schools are held, but these often have 
no minister to conduct preaching services. The people 
are as a rule, open-minded, and anxiously welcome any 
influence that will better conditions for themselves and 
their children. 

Much of this country is quite new, but is rapidly being 
developed. Schools are being opened, roads built and 
other improvements added. This country possesses much 
of value to the homeseeker. Its wonderfully-invigorating 
climate and productive soil, coupled with its natural beauty 
make it an ideal place for a home. It is especially adapted 
to stock-raising and is rapidly coming to the front as a 
dairy State. Vegetables and small fruits grow abundantly. 

Goshen City church has been progressing well in her 
work and the outlook is very encouraging. Bro. David 
Metzler has been elected presiding elder for 1919. Dec. 
29 Bro. Metzler conducted a very impressive service, in 
which the officers and teachers of the church and Sunday- 
school were charged, and set apart for their responsible 
work. At a recent service our pastor preached a splendid 
sermon, in response to which about forty pledged them- 
selves to become tithers for at least one year. It seems 
to mark the beginning of new life in our church work, and 
we are hoping that this spirit of consecration will grow 
until it includes the whole church membership. Dec. 22 a 
Christmas program was enjoyed by a full house of ap- 
preciative listeners. At this service an offering of $167.01 
was taken for Armenian and Syrian Relief. 

Our church attendance is increasing, especially at the 
evening services. We rejoice that six new members have 
been received into the church by baptism, and one has been 
reclaimed within the past few weeks. We were not able 
to hold a series of meetings because of the influenza 

At our first quarterly council, Jan. 2, our pastor pre- 
sented a " Forward Movement " program for our church. 
It is in line with the recommendations of the Conference 
Boards The church accepted the program as offered, and 
begins a new year hopefully. We are planning some im- 
provements on the church, in order to take better care of 
our primary work in the Sunday-school. The volunteer 
system of giving supports our work financially After a 
budget for the year was made out, the Board of Finance 
conducted an every-member canvass. The amount of 
money pledged for the year will cover the budget. Our 
pastor, Bro. F. A. Myers, has been reelected for another 
year Altogether the work of the Goshen City church is 
very encouraging, and we expect to "press on toward the 
goal unto the prize of the high calling of God m Christ 
° „ Beulah Manahan. 


Goshen, Ind. . — »-♦-• 


The annual Bible and Missionary Institute will be held 
at Blue Ridge College Jan. 26 to Feb. 2. The instructors 
are Bro D. I. Lichty, Prof. Win. Kinsey, and Eld. J. M. 
Henry, of Washington, D. C. Rev. O. R. Palmer, of the 
Philadelphia Bible School, will deliver four lectures on 
" Fundamental Bible Doctrines." 

Although this announcement was belated because of 

It is not an uncommon thing in the South to see a man 
riding a mule. Of course there are those who are too 
proud and would be ashamed to be seen riding a mule. 

Dear reader, has God called you and asked you to do 
something for him? Have you thought you would be 
willing to work in your own country, in the South? If 
you have, the door is open. We have Americans, negroes, 
Mexicans and Italians who would listen to one who would 
not be too proud to get out of his car and ride a mule. 

Remember how the Master rode into Jerusalem. Get 
the thought? Then decide to come and help to hold up 
the hands of some who have spent not a few years of 
their lives, trying to plant the truth in the South, who 
have seen the church -here torn, wounded and bleeding, as 
ir were, almost to death. I know there are those who have 
the ability and arc financially able. 
Will you come? C. C. Sheaffer. 

Manvel, Tex. . » . 

After a period of eleven weeks' vacation on account of 
influenza, wc are again enjoying public worship. There 
is new interest and zeal on the part of many, since being 
deprived of this privilege for so long. 

Jan. 10 we held our quarterly council. A full corps of 
officers was elected for church, Sunday-school and Chris- 
tian Workers' Meeting. Wc decided to organize a Junior 
Christian Workers' Meeting to be held Sunday afternoons. 
We are greatly encouraged because of additional workers 
but somewhat discouraged because the prospects are not 
very bright for our new church building, which is so much 

Dear brethren and sisters of Northeastern Ohio, let us 
not grow weary in well doing. We have begun a good 
work. Let us not cease until it is completed. Our hope, 
in the New Philadelphia church, as well as in all other 
churches, is in having the Gospel taught to our boys and 
girls. And here is where our work is greatly hindered in 
not having a building adapted to this work. 

We have some earnest brethren and sisters here who 
are making great sacrifices. We have some who have 
moved here to help build up the Lord's Kingdom. Are wo 
going to let the work be crippled because we have failed 
to do our duty? Then, too, we should like to have a 
churchhouse somewhat like our homes, so that we and 
our children, our neighbors and their children, will find 
it comfortable and pleasant. Then we can truly say, 
" How amiable are thy tabernacles, O Lord of hostsl " 
New Philadelphia, Ohio. Mrs. Jennie M. Shriver. 



We trust today will be one of the "mile-stones" in 
church work in the South. Today we met to organize for 
active work in the city. Sunday-school was organized with 
the writer as superintendent. Other departments 
church work will be organized as sbon as we can secure 
a proper room. At present we must meet at 209 N. Con- 
ception Street, about four squares north of the heart of 
»the city— Bienville Square. We meet for Sunday-school 
and cordially invite all members and friends to be with us. 
Any one knowing of members in or near the city, please 
notify them or the writer. The city is having trouble to 
house the people coming here, so a room for services is 
difficult to find, but we trust that the Holy Spirit will 
guide us to the best way. 

One great hindrancce is that we must work every day 
to meet the excessive expenses of city life, so can not 
give the church work proper care. Personally, we be- 
lieve the salaried ministry to be the cause of the failure 
of our popular churches, yet when we see some church 
work needing to be done, while we are obliged to earn 
our family support, we feel there must be some middle 
ground for success. May we be led to see this wayl 

We now have nineteen members known to be m and 
near the city and are finding more. There may be others. 
Help us to find them. Members passing through the city 
will always find a welcome. Wm. E. White. 

209 N. Conception Street, Mobile. Ala. 

Plans for the Bible Term at Hebron Seminary have thus 
far not been interrupted by the influenza. The second 
siege of the epidemic did not strike this section so hard, 
and soon began to wane when it did come. For this we 
feel thankful. At present, therefore, conditions are such 
that we feel justified in going ahead according to arrange- 
ments previously made. 

We therefore announce that our Bible Term will be 
held during the week of Tan. 27 to Feb. 2. unless health 
conditions should prevent it. Bro. A. C. Wieand. Presi- 
dent of Bethany Bible School, will be the principal in- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 25, 1919 

stnictor. Wc also have the promise of Bro. Paul H. 
Bowman, President-elect of Bridgewater College, for at 
least several lectures. Among other speakers that will be 
with us for special addresses are Bro. W. H. Sanger, of 
Fairfax, Va., and Rev. W. B. Stoddard, of Washington, D. 
C. There will be regular Bible classes and special lec- 
tures, and sermons throughout the Institute, 

We feel that we have been fortunate in procuring these 
men, and wc give a cordial welcome to all who can avail 
themselves of the privilege, to attend the Institute and 
hear them. 

Come, spend the week with us, and be prospered in the 
Lord. Franklin J. Byer. 

Nokcsville, Va. 


Since our District Mission Board has refused to accept 
my resignation, and has unanimously requested that I re- 
main at Muscatine, I desire to say a few words concerning 
the work here: 

At the close of the old year, and at the beginning of the 
new, I feel it my duty to thank the Mission Board, the 
churches and the individuals who have contributed to the 
work here. 

Considered from all points of view, the conditions are 
much better than at any time since I began work here. 
The spiritual condition of the members is splendid. 

God has been gracious to us during the Spanish influenza 
epidemic. There has not been much serious sickness, and 
not a single death. 

Conscious of the great responsibility, with three years 
and six months' experience, an intimate knowledge of the 
members and the details of the work, we enter upon an- 
other year's activities, hoping that the hand of the Lord 
will be with us as in the past, and that great good may be 
accomplished in his name. 

We can not do it without God's blessings and guidance, 
and the sympathy and cooperation of our members. With 
these, victory is sure, and the work will be a delight. Will 
each one who reads these lines say: "By the grace of 
God I will help you to make it so "? I want to say, for 
the benefit of members who may be in school at Daven- 
port, Iowa: You can attend services with us at Muscatine 
very conveniently, by leaving Davenport at 8:30 A. M., 
over the Davenport & Muscatine Intcrurban. Arriving 
in Muscatine at 9: 50, transfer at the Interurban station to 
a West Hill Street car; get off at Landis' store. The first 
door west is the church. Leander Smith, Pastor. 

1147 Lucas Street, Phone 1888, Jan. 13. 

Bn'r'v« r n t ™Li th f t *!"" ,01 7 l!(1 we " a " deacons gain to them- 
JrK VhrS ? s'andng. and great boldness in the faith which 
IB In Chrlat Josub (1 Tim. 3- 13. Am. Rev.). 

By reaaon of the influenza epidemic there ha« been much 
suffering everywhere. Many Bad hearts are mourning the death 
or loved ones. There are mysteries which can not be under- 
stood in this world. We can not see why nod ahonid take 
away the bends and leadera in church and Sunday-school, and 
yet, by faith, we can realize that all Is well with thoae that 
lore the Lord. 

DoubtleaB the experience of the Brumbaugh church, at Bock 
i,aae A. nag., hns been more severe than that of many other 
Churches Among those that were laid to rest were two broth- 

i j .L . i Cl " ls - P ' "eardorrf— both being dcaconB who car- 
ried their share, and aometlmes more, of the work of the 
church. Before their sickness, they were ever ready to lend 
JL'l', 2" , assistance to the sorrowing and suffering, and 

spent much time In driving from place to place, to see where 
help was needed. 

Choa Franklin Deardorff waa born in Wabash County Ind 
and died Oct 81, 1018, aged thirty-one year,, ten month, and 
twenty-three days. In his youth he gave Ills heart to Jesus 

" r !tll '/"Vf ™'. '"1° "* church "' hl » cholc «- H e was mar- 
ried to Sister Elsie Jane Robertson In the fall of IMS He was 

nuence't'^rtMB^o't"""" ""' " "'" 8 '""^'" """»et her in- 
nuence that this work was organized and developed 

lirl ,1. »°nder that her pupils loved her. for her whohi 

Ufe w„. wrapped up In this great work „, teaching the chll- 

lo,v^ T i'"'"' SglV ' ne , D '' 5, ah0 ""traded influenza, which was fol 

E».rr^ 1 rv„rei,^nyrme 1 ° 5 * 
dS n .v,he iXCffis C A kssh-smt x 

VaTley ' C chu?et" r "" '° "" " "» «"■«•«> a.^easant 

Wm r T„vI e r d r e '", el i' !e f,' i J en ' """"sted that the hymn, "God' 
will Toko Core of Ton," be snug at the grave We will .11 
miss her, but may her life he auch an Inspirator, l m t "the" 

roW, ", ifTlfe"'^ 'whlT™ """""* '""""' ""**" ™£ 

character "" " essentl8 ' '« '"» Christian 

Bridgewater, Va. M '"° r C ' MllIer - 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

J. £. Deardorff 

C. F. Deardorff 


Oct. I, 1890, the home of David J. and Catherine Young 
Rose was brightened by the arrival of the fifth born —a 
boy whom they named Calvin. That the advent of this 
boy was a blessing to humanity is not to be doubted 
Those who knew him unhesitatingly testify to the happi- 
ness he radiated. 

At the age of sixteen he responded to the Master's call 
and was baptized in his home church,— Rummel, Pa.,— by 
Bro. J. J. Shaffer. Having accepted Christ, Calvin pur- 
posed to be of the greatest possible use in the Lord's With this purpose in heart, he entered college 
believing that the Lord needed workers who not only 
were consecrated but well equipped intellectually He 
spent s,x years in Elizabethtown College and one at Juni- 
ata, where he received his Bachelor of Arts degree While 
a student at Elizabethtown. he served three years as libra- 
nan. At Juniata College he was called to the ministry 
He then was twenty-six years of age. After graduation 
he became pastor of the Klahr congregation of Middle 
Pennsylvania. He served at this place from July 1 1917 
to May 1, 1918. In addition to his pastoral labors' here' 
he taught school for one year. Leaving the Klahr pastor- 
ate, he became pastor of the Middle Creek congregation, 
Western Pennsylvania. Here he served till his death 
which occurred Dec. 4, 1918, the cause of which was in- 
nuenza and pneumonia. 

Calvin was the possessor of a sunny disposition. A 
smile on his face and a song on his lips were often in 

m" C Had h r C H i ', dren f ° Und a '"""' f0r he '««• 
them Had he lived longer, it is likely he would have 

gone to the foreign field, for this was his desire. Though 

his life was short, it, nevertheless, was one of service. He 

accomplished more good than many a man whose life has 

been longer. He was a dutiful son/ a loving brother a 

genuine friend and a faithful servant of Christ Jesus His 

he ??"■ °."u ', hat br ° Ught h ° n ° r '° his f «"«y. P'-se to 
the Christ he loved, and credit to the church of which he 
was a member. He has gone to a better world, but the 

ZZ°J« aWdeS Sti "'- Iike thc fra * ra "« °< * sweet- 

scented nower. 

Because of the epidemic at the time of his death, a 
bunal service was all that was given. Dec. 29 a memorial 
service was held in the Rummel church. Two addresses 
were given, one by Bro. B. F. Waltz and one by the 

Z used h' T USC " ^ Br0 ' Wa " Z ~ J ° h " M: I an 
mat used by the writer was 2 Tim I- 10 

Windber. Pa. u n u • 

ti. B. neisey. 

until »u * .."""""S < " Boe 0ct 3 ' 1M5 ' and served faithfully 
evident or, ', He , °' S ° SerVC ° " a Sunday-school superln 

fne t°i ,7 ■,"'""»«»' ye»r», »nd worked especially hard dnr- 
.chnn? J ., I. m °" " S "' hlS llfe ' ,0 hav6 '" e slandard of his 
school meet the requirements of a » Front Line " school 

He was taken sick Oct. 21 with Influenza, which soon developed 
into pneumonia. His suffering was Intense, and for nianv hours 
e„ e .lv" S „ "" c r C '.°" S - K ™ uppermost In bis mind wnTn'p,™ 
ently, n desire for international peace He Beamed to h„ 

?hom OS ,„ 10 ", "', r"V° » mt '» th » ""ions Pleadinfwlth 
them to sign It, and to bring about peace. While thus eon 
cerned about peace, he received his call and wn ? borne to the 
heavenly home where all is pence. 

His was a happy homo. Although there were but ten years 
of their married life, the home he established was a Chrlsttan 
5 Z£°" \°''f °" 4 Pe " Ce Killed.. The same Christian spirit 
vh/h characterized his home life was carried over into every 

!L H K! sS^s M^^„,r^ 

si" year's ago "^ I " CMdM the father nearly 

™f,„g\!s"r„ nd bome S^ASL'SJ^iffi !*~ 

"He', 6 ?rr ,y „?'" Sed "* '"t--eaved P m thef ad" hf,d C re°u nSe ' 
He united with the church In the summer of 190? and ha. 

h V e r ch„™cl, f "„e"w'„, h °' a ," , H 8 ( ,irn ; '° "" ««?«<i 
tne church. He was called to the office of deacon Oct "8 1MB 
and crediably discharged the duties of that office His to,r 
I'uuZi T '" I'!"', " e " r,y thirty-live miles with ™,dM 
L, I n./ """ '" anointing » sister living near St' 

pWaih'^o„:S"„„.r„?„g\\r'^Bo ho HiB°w„;rr^^n : 

r„ch e f„ e r"f.e r g„.d B „'?rhrc C hu r r eh" C ^ " ""' ™* ^ 

£%££% s^'bu! i 'w^ s-yrj-a sas 

m, m,^° ! "'"/" " mr,rked ShaeacterlsUe of hs entire life' 
HI, mind seemed to be continually occupied with the things of 
fo„el, , W "'i''. """"Z " ls neatest suffering he sang most 

rnnmV'w^ d "»--"-----^g e r=rt 
£eu S femKVeS'^a' 0^ BJftS. ^ wS 

rfeSrh-s s^E-s.-gLSS ^,— tii 

lU"bT , m2 ,B "" "" k " 8 ""•' tta commualty ^W^ll 

b T^Z T l S^ k - - "- »™-»-* -SS* The,r 

; Maude Deardorff. 


5LT jTtSS v h , e ,h"lhe cLrcn "" '"' ° M " ™«"' ^S 


(Continued from Page 53) 
suitable place for every' department of church nctivitv Tl,„ 
members feel that, In order to have the ann , I hSease 'in 0, r 
Sunday-school, as outlined in the Yearbook, we need to best r 
ourselves. Real zing that the work is greater and far her reach 
hfnl m . n d,r'H r be ""' e ' ° ncr thoughtful consideration and splr- 
e !, , , ; "'Vc""" t" assist the home ministry by se- 

e^° 6 u "J'" " " p " stor t0 MOPernt. In evnnge izing this 

of the church.-Ezra Lntz, Wnddams Grove, III, Ja°! 1 t J*'" s ' 0r! 

AnderBon.-Never, In the history of the< Anderson church has 
there been manifested such a spirit of giving. Wit a mem 
eh nreh" 2 "T' '? °"' y ' ""' ™»™t'<>- at lundTv cbool ami 

ng forward to April, when Bro. B. N. I.eatherman will he 
here ,„ „ series of meetings. We feel that the h„™t m uow 

Jefferso n IZ7 A°'T "' T" "' °" r services !-,,evi wise, M27 
jenerson street. Anderson, Ind., Jan. 12. 

Bethel Center church, of_tbc Hartford Cltv ecrreeation has 
resumed services after a period of two weeks, Thfie ?he n 
terlor of our church was being painted. Jan. 5 we lifted an 
offermg of S24 for Armenian and Syrian Relief. We also pledged 
to pay ?10 for the support of Bro. Adam Ebcy, In he forefgn 

?ifj '"' ' h '" J ™'„ T1, W »re working earnestly for the good of 
on \m, " t?"' Cl "' re "' l0 brl °S I" the unsaved. May we 

°eeo™i * i h t lr "•<""">■ t"»t more good for the Master may be 

H"?trd S CUy. , "In , d h , e J^n a^ ,3 i . ,,S, ***"»«7** ™ ™'"- 
Blue Rlver.-The work at tins place has been much hindered 
during the past three months because of the influenza epidemic 
SnrZ'.r te ' H ? n !*p "-at we lout no members. At the pres- 
en time the work Is being resumed with renewed interest. We 
held ear council nieetl,|g Dec. 28. Officers were elected for the 
year, with Bro. Omar Zumbrun, superintendent of the Snnday- 
MeeThV ?' ?o" Cl, ai""an, president of the Christian Workers' 
H.iw e 'r ' i •"." °J"'"Z "' '""■" "as given fo, Armenian 

ltelief.— Laura Fnek, Churubusco, Ind.. Jan. 13. 

Four Mile church met in council Jan. 4, with Eld J W 

Rnrick presiding. Eld. L. L. Teeter was also with us. Bro" 

Karick asked to be relieved, after Bervlng us faithfully for live 

years. We chose Bro. t. L. Teeter as elder for the coming 

t 5 e e „"d r e„ t „, ,„ S ' H i rt W " S " E '»t»» Sunday-school superia 
tendent AH other officers for both church and Sunday-school 
were chosen. Our work, during the last few months, has not 

nfo™' a c„T e , W ,°"," i J""' "" account of the inuucnza.-Ednn 
Broiver, Kltchel, Ind., ,Tnn. 11. 

Ma n ch es t«---Dec. 22 n ChristmiLB progrnm was rendered. An 
offering of J110 wns lifted for Armenian and Syrian Relief The 
church services of Sunday evening, Jan. 5, were in charge of 
the Volunteer Mission Band of Manchester College. Interest- 
ing and appealing talks wore given on the needs, calls and op- 
portunities of foreign mission vork.-Ivah M. Grossnickle, Nortn 
Manchester, Ind., Jan. 9. 

MWiMlmnm-We expect to begin out revival meeting soon 
—probably about Jan. 26. We expect Bro. D. H. McFadden to 
nssist us. Bro. Leo H. Miller and wife have located here and 
taken charge of pastoral work. We recently took an offering 
of Sinn f„ r Armenian and Syrian Relief. Our Sun Any -school 
superintendents for 1019 are Brethren Bert ipplegate "and Ira 
Shoemaker; Christian Workers' presidents, Brethren Mark Reneh 
and J. A. Miller; Aid Society President, Slate* Leo Miller — 
Alice E. Miller, Gaston, Ind., Jan. 15. 

Notice.— Not being able to hold the District Meeting of Middle 
Indiana, on account of the health conditions, the Mission Board 
has not had the privilege of presenting its needs or the con- 
ditions of the mission churches. The board met in confer- 
ence Jan. and decided to request the churches to increase 
their support to the mission work forty cents per member. We 
also decided to continue the work of our District Missionary * 
Secretary. Eld. Irvln Fisher, in visiting the churches and giving 
missionary information and developing sentiment. Churches de- 
siring his services are urged to write him, arranging dates We 
are also In need of two city pastors now. and two more in the 
near future.— J. G. Stinebnugh, President Mission Board, Cam- 
den, Ind., Jan. 10. 

Tern church met in council Jan. 8. Our pastor Bro S T 
Fisher, presided. Bro. J. G. Stlnebaugh was present. Officers 
for the church and Sunday-school were elected, with Bro. Chas 
Butler, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Cassie Erb church 
clerk. We expect to start a Mission Study Class in the near 
future.— Mabel Neff, Peru, Ind., Jan. -14. 

SalamonJe.— Our services have been somewhat broken up 
since Oct. 1. on account of the Influenza epidemic They were 
Tesumed Dec. 29. with good attendance. Jan. 5 Bro. Moy 
Gwong, of North Manchester College, gave two interesting ad- 
■irr-sses. Eld. J. W. Norris has moved from the Salamonie 
church to North Manchester. The Sunday-school has been re- 
organized for the year, with Bro. Hampton Zook as superintend- 
ent. Since the church has been remodeled, we have ample room 
for all our Sunday-school classes. The rededication and home- 
coming services had to be canceled; also a series of meetings 
An offering of more than $85, for Armenian and Syrian Relief 
was taken Jan. 5 by the Sunday-school.— Hampton Zook, Hunt- 
ington, Ind., Jan. 7. 

Wawaka.— Services have again" been resumed, after being dls- ' 
«ontIou«d for several w««ka on account of infln»nEA, for tbe 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1919 


second time. We had services oil Thanksgiving Day. Brother 
ami Sister Wm. Hess, of GOBhen, were with ub. Bro. Hess 
preached a very good sermon and Sister Hess led the song service. 
While the attendance was not large, on account of stormy 
weather, yet we had a very line meetings A collection of $21 
was taken for mission work. The members also prepared a 
Christmas box, which was sent to the Chicago misBlon, to be 
distributed among the poor. Jan. 1 the Sunday-school raised 
501 for Armenian nnd Syrian Belief. We held our regular coun- 
cil Jan. 11. Kid. Hess was with us. Officers for the coming 
year were chosen, with Bro. Lawrence Conrad, Sunday -school 
superintendent; Bro. Hess, elder. — Halite Miller, Wawaka, Ind., 
Jan. 13. 


Dm Moines city church met In business session Jan. 8. Bro. 
P. S. Brunk was chosen elder. The ministerial committee has 
not yet secured a pastor to succeed Bro. Robinson, who leaves 
In March. At our last council we elected the various church and 
Sunday-school officers for 1919. Bro. P. S. Brunk was ordained 
to full ministry, and Bro. Clyde Smithson was Installed to the 
office of deacon. — Eva Lena Smith, Des Moines, Iowa, Jan. 10. 

Frnnklln County church was permitted to open the church 
for regulnr services again Dec. 29, when Bro. Buckingham 
preached a Christmas sermon. Everybody seemed glad to get 
out again. Jan. 5, 1919, our pastor preached a stirring sermon 
on " New Year's Resolutions." pur offering for Armenian and 
Syrian Relief amounted to $115.03. At our regular quarterly 
council, held Jan. 11, Bro. Buckingham was chosen elder for 
another year. We decided to dedicate our remodeled church- 
house on June 15. Bro. A. P. Blough, of Waterloo, will conduct 
the dedication service. Following this Bro. Buntain, of Greene, 
will conduct a Bible Term continuing one week, and a two weeks' 
series of meetings. We expect to close these meetings with a 
love feast, — Harvey'w. Allen, Dumont, Iowa, Jan. 10. 

Prairie City.— The second quarantine has been lifted, and we 
are again worshiping In our church. MoBt of our members had 
a siege of the influenza, but we lost none by death. Jan. 4 we 
met in, an all-day council. Eld. John fioblnson, of Des Moines, 
and Eld. Joshua Schechter, of Brooklyn, were with us. One 
letter of membership was grnnted. Sundoy-sehool officers were 
elected, with Bro. J. B. Bowie, superintendent. Bro, Carl El- 
rod was elected deacon, nnd with his wife duly Installed. Bro. 
Schechter remained over Sunday and gave us two splendid ser- 
mons. We took an offering In the Sunday-school, last Sunday, 
for Armenian and Syrian Relief, and expect to take another in 
our church services next Sunday.— Nellie L. Bowie, Prairie City, 
Iowa, Jan. 11. 


Burr Oak church met in council Jan. 9, with Bro. G. 0. 
Stutsman presiding. Officer's for 1919 were elected. The vote to 
retain Bro. Stutsman, as pastor and elder, was unanimous. 
Bro. H. L. Garber was chosen Sunday-school superintendent; 
Bro. Milford Porter, president of the Christian Workers' Meet- 
ing; the writer, " Messenger " agent and correspondent. The 
spirit of the Lord was manifest throughout the meeting. — Carrie 
E. Wagoner, Burr Oak, Kana., Jan. 10. 

Independence church Is again enjoying regular services, which 
are greatly appreciated. Jan. 12 Bro. W. O. Beckner, of McPher- 
son, delivered an able sermon. He is visiting the churches in, 
the' interest of the college. In the afternoon we met in counclK 
with Eld. W. H. Miller presiding. Bro. Miller was reelected 
elder for this *year. Not being permitted to hold our series of 
meetings last fall, we decided to have Bro. Miller hold a Berles 
of meetings as soon as It can be arranged. The church made 
a call for Bro. E. P. Caslow to hold our meetings this coming 
fall. The writer was reelected church clerk and correspondent; 
Sister Lizzie Corn was chosen "Messenger" agent; Bro. Wm. 
Dyer, Sundny-school superintendent; fcister Clara Cline, presi- 
dent of Christian Workers' Meeting; Bro. Chns. Cllne, church 
trustee for three years. Since our last report, five have con- 
fessed Christ.— Pelia Carson, Independence. Kans., Jan. 13. 

Lamed country church met in council Jan. 11. Bro. M. Keller 
was reelected elder for the coming year; Elmer Martin, "Messen- 
ger" agent; Luther Hylton, Sunday-school superintendent; New- 
ton Martin, president of Christian Workers' Meeting. At present 
the condition of the school is about normal, for which we are 
thankful. We hope to accomplish much during this year. We 
decided to have a series of meetings in May, conducted by Bro. 
C. B. Smith, of Morrill, Kans— Anna Hylton, Lamed, Kana., 
Jan. 13. 

Maple Grove church met in council Jan. 4, with Eld. A. J. 
Wertenberger in chnrge. We elected officers for the coming year 
with Sister Katie Bishop, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. 
Arthur Jackson, president of the Christian Workers' Society; 
the writer, correspondent. We have secured Brother and Sister 
Austin to hold a series of meetings for us, to commence about 
the middle of July. — Anna Cheesmnn, Norton, Knns., Jan. 8. 

McPherson (First Church of the Brethren).— Several dates have 
been set for our series of meetings, but in each case have 
been interfered with by health conditions of the community. 
Our pastor, during the last three Sundays, has been preaching a 
series of evangelistic sermons, as well as doing mach personal 
work. As a result of his efforts, three have been baptized into 
Hie Kingdom. At a men's meeting In the chapel, last Sunday 
afternoon, one young man accepted Christ. Our church met In 
quarterly council on Monday afternoon, Jan. 13. Three letters 
were received and three granted. The date for our spring love 
feast was set for April 6. Dr. D. W. Kurtz was elected dele- 
gate to the Annual Conference at Winona Lake. A location for 
, our hew church was definitely decided upon and the bnlldlng 
committee authorized to purchase the land. Prof. J. J. Toder and 
Dr D W. Kurtz recently attended the State Sunday-school 
Board Meeting, at Topeka, at which rime Dr. Kurtz delivered 
an address at the Shawnee County Sunday-school Convention on 
the "Ideals of the Sunday-school." Immediately following the 
above address, he filled an appointment for Henry J. Allen. 
Governor-elect of Kansas, at the meeting of the Kansas State 
Board of Agriculture. The subject of his address was: "Edu- 
cation in Reconstruction." Our pastor, Dr. A. J. Culler, has 
recently been appointed by the Kansas State Sunday School 
Board to represent our State at the World Sunday School Con- 
vention at Tokvo, Japan, In 1920. Our church and Sunday-school 
attendance has been very good, and the services are especially ap- 
preciated since we are again permitted to meet following our 
second influenza quarantine.— Mrs. R. E. Mohler, McPherson, 
Kans., Jan. 12. 

Mont Ida. church met in council Jan. 11. Bro. L. Watkins 
was chosen elder for the coming year; Sister Stella Watkins, 
correspondent; the writer, clerk; Sister Nina Sherfy. Sunday- 
school superintendent. The revival meetings we had planned 
for had to be canceled on account of the second closing of pub- 
lic gatherings. Our work Is suffering for want of young min- 
isters Will not some one come to help us? We would greatly 
appreciate other members, too, locating among us.— Anna Sherfy, 
Mont Ida. Kans.. Jan. 16. 

North Solomon church met In' council Jan. 4. Eld. I. S. Lerew 
presiding. Officers for the coming year were elected, with Bro 
Geo Merkey, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Alice Small, 
.president of Christian Workers' Meeting; the writer, chorch 
correspondent. An offering of $32,72 was taken by the Snnday- 
school for Armenian and Syrian Relief. Four letters of mem- 
bership were granted. For almost three months we were not 
permitted to have church services on account of influenza The 
ban was lifted Dec. 28.— Mrs. John Moyer, Portis, Kans., Jan. 5. 

Victor church met In council Jan. 4, with Bro. Daggett In 
chnrge. Officers were elected for the coming year aa follows: 

Bro. Christian Ikenberry, superintendent of Sunday-school; 
Cecil Elliott, Christian Workers' president; J. M. Bradshaw, 
"Messenger " agent. On account of the influenza our Bible 
Normal nnd love feast had to be given up, and we now plan to 
have a series of meetings and love feast In the spring.— the date 
to be given later. After being deprived of meetings for weeks, 
we feel we can more fully appreciate the great blessing that 
comes from assembling together. Few of our members had In- 
lluenza and no deaths resulted, for which we nre thankful.— 
Mrs. A. E. Thompson, Waldo. Kans.. Jan. 12. 


Baltimore,— Fulton Avenue church met in council Jan.»5, with 
Kid. W. E. Roop In charge. Prof. H. J. Beachley, of Harms- 
burg. Pa., preached In the morning, and Bro. W. E. Roop tn 
(lie evening. On Thanksgiving Day our pastor. Bro. A. L. B. 
Martin, preached. An offering of $20.00 waB lifted for Re- 
construction work. Dec. 27 the Sundny-school rendered a splen- 
did Christmas program, using the "White Glfta for the King" 
service. It was one of the best ever given here. The gifts 
amounted to $S1, of which nmount $74 wns sent to the Arme- 
nian Relief Fund. Dec. 31 wo met for "watch night" eervlce. 
Brethren I. A, aicKenney, B. D. Angle and our pastor were the 
speakers for the evening, nnd wo hod a very interesting meet- 
ing.— D. C. Angle, Baltimore, Md., Jnn. 9. 

Denton church expressed Its Christmas spirit Dec. 29 by lift- 
ing nu offering of $00 to provide for the ndoptlon of an orphan 
In the Bible Lands for one year. Jan. 5 Bro. J. W. Krablll 
bad charge of the consecration service for the Sunday-BChool 
teachers and officers. Our pnstor. Bro. Levi K. Zloglcr, of Lan- 
caster, Pa., will be with us March 1. We are anxiously look- 
ing forwnrd to his coming, to assist In the work at this place. 
—Mrs. C, A. Pentz, Denton, Md., Jan, 8. 

West Point— Nov. 24 the Sunday-school rendered a special 
missionary program, at which meeting several members of 
l he District Mission Board ' were present, giving short talks. 
At this meeting we lifted an offering of $13.10, which wns handed 
over to the Mission Band,— thfH having been organized as a 
result of the special Missionary Meeting. The duty of the Mis- 
sionary Band is to invite, In any wny possible, non-church 
members to attend our services. Dec. 20 the Sundny-Bchool ren-* 
dered a Christmas Program, consisting of recitations and songs. 
At this time the entire congregation was remembered with a 
small treat by the Sunday-school. We met In council on Sun- 
day, Jan. 12, with Eld. S. E. Englnr in charge. Eld. Wm, F* 
Roop was also present. At this meeting Brethren Chas. Wnttcr 
and J. H. Lnu were elected as delegates to the District Meet- 
ing, with Bro. Franklin Zentu and Sister Margaret E. Armncost 
as alternates. Bro. J. H. Lau was elected to the ministry, after 
which he was duly installed Into office by Eld. Wm. E, Roop. 
The Lord's work nt this place is now moving along nicely. — 
Esther N. Eaton, Owings Mills, Md., Jnn. 14. 


Morrill church met in council Jan. 4. Four letters were re- 
ceived. Sunday-school officers were elected for another year, 
with Bro. Wm. Solt, superintendent ; the writer " Messenger " 
agent. At our services on Thnaksglvlng Day an offering of $11 
was taken for World-wide Missions, nnd on Christmas Day an 
offering of $21 was taken for Armenian sufferers,— Mrs. Efflo 
Johnson, Ramey, Minn., Jan. 15. • 


Pence Valley church met In council Jnn. 4. Eld. P. L, Flko 
presided. Bro. H. J, Musters was reelected Sunday-school su- 
perintendent, and the writer, president of Christian Workers' 
Society. We organized a Home Department, with Sister Zella 
FIke, superintendent. At our recent Christmas service an of- 
fering of $12 waB given for Armenian and Syrian Relief. Bro. 
J. W. Deetor, of McPherson College, came here Jan. 1, and gave 
us four instructive lectures on Sunday-school work. He also 
preached two practical sermons. An offering of $2.75 was given 
for Sunday-school work. The Bible Institute of Southwestern 
Missouri and Northwestern Arkansas la being held here now, 
Bro. Deeter Is the Instructor.— Tlllie Deldlker, Peace Valley, Mo., 
Jan. 8. 

Shoal Creok church met in council Jan. 11. Owing to the in- 
fluenza epidemic, our council had been deferred from Dec, 14. 
Bro. J. H. Argnbrlght was reelected elder for the year; and the 
writer, church correspondent and "Messenger" agent; Bro. W. 
R. Argnbrlght, Sunday-school superintendent. — Virgie Argn- 
hright, Fnirvlew, Mo., Jan. 12. 


Beatrice church met In council Jan. 5. Bro. W. W. Blough wis 
reelected elder. Our services since Oct. 1 have been greatly hin- 
dered by Spanish Influenza. We were unable to hold our fall 
love feast. Jon. 5 the Sunday-school and Christian Workers took 
an offering of $32.30 for Armenian and Syrian Relief. The 
ladles have thus far completed twenty-nine sweaters, forty-six 
pair of socks, one helmet, one trench-cap and one pair of 
wristlets. This was done through the efforts of the Aid So- 
ciety nnd Kensington. We nre planning for a series of meetings 
this spring or early summer.— Pearl Relff, Beatrice, Nebr* 
Jan. 14. 

Endera church met in council Jan. 11. Bro. F. E. Miller was 
chosen as elder and pastor for another year. Bro. Claud Sharpe 
was reelected Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Faye Bailey, 
Christian Workers' president; the writer, correspondent and 
"Messenger" agent. Our series of ( meetings which was to have 
been held this month, has' been postponed indefinitely, on ac- 
count of the bad condition of the roads. Seven letters were 
granted.— Or ill a C. Ogle, Enders, Nebr., Jan. 14. 


Miami church met In council Jan. 4, with Eld. Wm. Mohler 
In charge. An Institute, in charge of Bro. Virgil Finnell, and 
a series of meetings, with Bro. Manly Deeter as evangelist, 
were to be held laBt year, but had to be postponed on account 
of the epidemic of Influenza. It was decided that we ask Bro. 
Deeter to begin his meetings April 6 and that Bro. Flnnell's 
services be spoken for early in September of this year. Bro. 
Mohler, who has efficiently served the church for the past seven 
years, stated that he would prefer not to serve as elder agsln. 
The choice fell upon Bro. Jacob Funk, of Wiley, Colo. Bro. 
R. W. Bollnger was again chosen clerk; Bro, C. C. Lapp, trustee, 
to eerve three years; Sister Gibson, "Messenger" agent; the 
writer, church correspondent. The enforced vacation in church 
work has not seemed to cause loss of interest. The Sunday- 
school, with Bro. R. W. Bolinger reelected as superintendent, Is 
as lively as ever. Bro. Olln Mlddleksuf was reelected president 
of Christian Workers' Meeting. Interest 1b unusually good. 
The Ladies' Aid will make up a number of garments for the 
Red Cross during January.— Mrs. M. N. Mikesell, Miami, N. 
Mex., Jan. 11. 


Egelond.— Many changes have token place since onr last re- 
port. On account of the epidemic, which took three of our 
number, during the months of October and November, our 
church was closed. The churches and school reopened, but the 
influenza broke out again, and among the number taken was 
our newly-elected Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. Arthur 
Kahl. During the time that the epidemic had abated, we held 
our quarterly meeting and elected Sunday-school and church of- 
ficers, and •also held our communion which waB one of the 
best. Bro. J. C. Forney, of the Ellison church, officiated. Onr 
church, during the past summer and fall, raised nearly $800 for 
church Improvement and relief work. — Pearl Cromble, Egeland. 
N. Dak.. Jan. 17. 


newe^?n a fn (DI » k 7 ) c ,? n « re « atIon 1b beginning the year with re- 
2 Interest In all church work. The ■ attendance Is good, 

causes tI ** J™ 1 "." ° f Pe ° Ple ,H fr0m ,nflnenza and «her 
causes. The aeries of sermons by our pastor. Eld. W. L. Des- 
'7' °" Addition," was very helpful, as was also the one 
1 * N n ew Era."- One brother was restored to fellowship 
J£ TM B °? r .^ C0l K CtI i1 f0r Armenl " a«d Syrian Relief was 
$73. This, with the Thanksgiving offering of $47, previously 

OhTo Jan™!! 68 * t0tBl ° f H*-"*"" Zimmerman, Ashland, 

wKrS" We / ec r tl7 organized W Mission Study Class, 
niS.^S i ' ? Ha ! eftChCr ' Jan - ° oup pa8tor P^ched on the 
needs of the Armenians and Syrians. At the close he held up 
the picture of an Armenian orphan hoy, and aBked for pledges 
for the support of such children. The sum of $90 was pledged 
Jnn. 12 an offering was lifted, which totaled $115. This will 
support twenty-three children for one month.-Lula R. Tinkle. 
Belief onto Inc. Ohio, Jan. 13. *«■*«, 

Cm.Une.-For several weeks we had no servIce B on account of 
Influenza. Doc. 20 we again met and Bro. Job. Longanecker 
gave us a good sermon, which was listened to with much in- 
terest. Jnn. 5 Bro. C. C. Petry gave a splendid talk. We elected 
as our Sunday-school superintendents Brethren Vernon Bright 
and Willis Wnndlc. We took an offering of $150 for Armenian 
jUn Syrian Rellof.-Mrs. D. H. Funderburg, New Madison, Ohio, 

Covington. -The " Heart-to-Henrt " Class of this Sunday- 
school recently contributed $25 to our Sanday-achool treasury 
The primary department Is also well worth notice. Slater 
Nettle Bartholomew, the primary teacher In onr town school 
Is doing nil she enn to make this the strongest department of 
our school. She is assisted by an able corps of teachers capable 
of sacrifice and who love children. Our Christmns exercises were 
held on a Sunday evening. We have built up a reputation for 
these special progrnma, and the house was wonderfully Im- 
pressed by this service. There were- probably 1.400 people in 
attendance. At our annunl conncll meeting officers were elected 
for the year. Bro. Geo. W. Flory presided. The questions de- 
liberated upon were unanimously decided. 'A meeting of tbls 
kind Is very enjoynble.— Elizabeth D. Roeenberger. Coving- 
ton, Ohio, Jan. 11, 

Lima church met In council Jan. 12, with Bro. C. S. Lehman 
presiding. Eld. G. A. Snider was present. Officers were elected 
for the year, with Bro. Swnlm, church clerk; Bro. M. E. Roberts 
trustee; Bro. Ed Snider, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro*. 
Edw. Snider, president of Christian Workers' Society. Five let- 
tors were received. We expect Bro. Mohon, of Indiana, to SBslst 
in n scries of meetings sometime during the coming spring- 
Mary E. Roberts, Limn, Ohio, Jan. 15. 

Marlon church started the new year with a goodly attendance 
considering the great amount of sickness among the people 
here. Great Interest Is being shown in trying to increase the 
attendance. We had no Christmas progrnm, on account of the 
Influeiizn. One of our members has been taken by the disease. 
The church met in council Nov. 23 nnd elected officers for the 
first half of the present year, with Bro. George Deardorff super- 
intendent. Jnn. 12 an offering of $0 wob taken for the war 
sufferers. Wo feel very appreciative of our minister and his 
family, for their untiring work In building up the church.— 
Rachel Bowmnn, Morion, Ohio, Jnn, 15. 

Notice to Churches of Northwestern Ohio.— If you have not 
yet compiled with the request of the Mission Board (see Min- 
utes of District Meeting, page 17, Article Two, with Answer), 
which notice was sent out soon after District Meeting, we kind- 
ly nsk, If possible, that appropriations be sent In at once to the 
Treasurer. S. H. Voro, R. D. 2, Lima, Ohio.— J. L. Guthrie, Sec- 
retary, Upper Sandusky, Ohio, Jan. 10. 

Painter Creek church met In council Jan. 11, with Eld. Wm. 
Royer presiding. We only had services five Sundays during 
October, November and December. Our love feaBt was omitted. 
Officers for the coming year were elected aa follows: Sunday- 
school superintendent, Roy Honeyman; Christian Workers' presi- 
dent, Levi Minnlch; Aid Society president, Martha Mlnnlch. 
Two letters were grnnted. An offering for the war sufferers 
wns taken Jnn. 12. Bro. J. W. Norrls preached both morn- 
ing nnd evening; also Monday nnd Tuesday evenings. — Martha 
Mlnnlch, Greenville, Ohio, Jan. 16. 

Poplar Orovo chnrch mot In council Jan. 11, with Eld. B. F. 
Sharp presiding. Eleven letters were granted. The following 
officers were elected: Edwin Baker, Sunday-school superintend- 
ent; Maggie Hnlladay, Christian Workers' president; Meda 
Bowman, "Messenger" ngent. Onr elder, Bro. B. F. Sharp, 
tendered his resignation. We have elected Bro. Noah Erbaugb as 
elder for the coming year. — Meda Erbaugb, Greenville, Ohio, Jan. 

Stonellck.— Dec. 21 Elders A. Coy and R. C. Davidson met 
with the members in quarterly council. Bro. Coy, who has been 
our elder for more than a score of years, tendered his resigna- 
tion. These brethren assisted In the Sunday-school and gave 
helpful sermons at the morning service.— Anna Lesh, Goshen, 
Ohio, Jnn. 15. 


Burtle*v!lle Mission.— Our series of meetings closed Dee. 29. 
Seven confessed ChrlBt. Jan. 2 we reorganized onr Sunday- 
school, The first Sunday Bro. Hardy was here there were only 
Ave In Sunday-school, and now there are forty-six enrolled. 
Tuesday evening we have Bible Study; Thursday evening we 
meet and study our Sunday-school lesson and Saturday even- 
ing we have singing. Sundny-school Is at 10:30 o'clock. We 
have preaching morning and evening, and the Interest Is In- 
creasing. We had a short program on Christmas, consisting of 
Bongs and recitations. Owing to the epidemic, we did not have 
our love feast. — Sophia M. Hymer, BartlesvlHe, Okla., Jan. 15. 


Bethany.— During the Christmas season oqr pnstor gave stere- 
opticon views of what the Red Cross 1b ddJng In France, and 
also delivered interesting talks on the subject. We had our 
Christmas Festival on Saturday evening after Christmas. A 
sacred cantata,—" While Shepherds Watched,"— was given by the 
choir. Later the children, accompanied by their parents, en- 
joyed a good time In the basement of the chnrch. Refreshments 
were served, and candy and oranges were given the children. We 
had a Watch Meeting In our church this year. Our pastor, 
Bro. C. G. Hesse, has given a series of sermons on the character 
of Ruth and her great love for NaomL— Margaret B. Rogers, 
Philadelphia, Pa„ Jan. 14. 

Brother* Valley congregation met In conncll at the Pike 
church Jan. 1, with Bro. D. K. Clapper In charge. Reports of 
lost year were heard and officers for the new year elected. Bro. 
Clapper serves as elder this year. Bro. M. S. Relman and 
wife, deacon, and son, Ralph, minister, and daughter, Ruth 
were granted letters as they are moving to Johnstown. Dec 
22 the Sunday-school reorganized with Brethren C. E. Relman 
and J. L. Knepper as superintendents. The congregation has 
decided to support a missionary In India for seven years at 
least— B, B. Dickey. Berlin, Pa., Jan. 9. 

Everett church met in council Jan. 5, It being the first gather- 
ing since October, owing to the quarantine occasioned by the 
Influenza. A goodly number were present. Our elder, Bro. J. 
S. Hershberger, presided. A report from the various committees 
Indicates that those to whom special work had been entrusted, 
were Interested In the work assigned. Although we had but 
three public meetings during the past three months, on ao 
(Continued on Page 64) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1919 

Sisters' Aid Societies 

(Continued from Page 68) 
$15; Lognnsport church, $10; Sinter Ebcy, quilt and $25; Mex- 
ico Orphans' Home, sheets; W. C. T. U., for field kllcben, $o; 
India worker, $60. Amount carried over from 1017, $77.27; do- 
nations, dues and work during 1018, $238.72; amount donated, 
$237.70; expenses, $7.74; balance, $70.50. Officers are as follows: 
President Sinter V. IF. Scbwahu; Vice-President, Slater U. R. 
Young- Superintendent, Sister L. D. Ikcuberry; Assistant, Slater 
Emma Early; Secretary, Sister C. F. Krauing; Treasurer, Slater 
L. O. Ohraart.— Siater C. F. Krauing, North Mancheater, Ind., 
Jan. 10. 

NEW WINDSOR, MD.— Report of Aid Society from Jan. 1, 
1018, to Jan. 1, 1010: We held 11 meetings, with an average 
attendance of 10. We quilted 3 quilts, knotted 1 comfort, and 
repaired covers for Blue Rldgo College and one for Maryland 
Old Folks' Horn*; Joined 1 quilt, made 28 children'a dresses, 2 
sklrtB 4 petticoats, 2 undergarments and 108 quilt squares; for 
the Belgian Relief made 5 rompers, 28 pinafores, 6 dresses and 
2 undergarmente. Donations to society, squares for 2 quilts, 1 
cloth ault, 2 Bklrta, 3 dresses for children and 6 undergarments, 
37 yards of goods and one-half dozen Bpools of cotton. Offering 
for the year, $122.32; balance from 1017, $6.76. Expended for 
material, $4.10; Annual Meeting offering. $5; .Red Cross Work, 
$10 Mary Quluter Fund, $5; County Home, $2; Armenian Re- 
lief $43.15; furnishing room in Old Folks' Home, $35. Former 
officers were retained: Sister Mollle J. Selby, President; the 
writer, Secretary -Treasurer.— Annie R. Stoner, New Windsor, Md., 
Jan. 10. 

Aid Sock-ties of this District is as follows: Oct. 10 we met In the 
Laton church. Detailed reports were given by delegates from 
each society. There are twelve societies, and they reported an 
average attendance of 82, and $313.26 raised during 1017. Nearly 
all the societies reported doing Red Cross work and sewing — 
some devoting nearly nil their time to the Red Croaa. Other 
societies reported donating garments and articles to the Red 
Cross War Shop. Many nrtlcles were mode and sold,— aprons 
of all kinds, dUHt caps, prayer coverings, quilts and comforters, 
Some societies sewed and donated garments to the poor, Other 
causes helped were Foreign and Home Missions, Old People's 
Home and La Verne College. Our new officers for the District 
are: SlHter Bessie Jenkinson, President, Laton; Sister George 
Dorman, Vice-President, Umpire; Slater Mary Brower, Secretary- 
TrenBurer, Reedley.— Mary Brower, Reedlsy, Cal., Jau. 3. 

POPLAR OBOVB, OHIO.— During 1018 we held twenty-one 
meetings, with nn average attendance of seven. Total offerings, 
$18.54; nvernge, 88 cents; birthday offerings, $4.03; articles sold, 
$14.08; work done, $14.08; cosh donations, $6,50; lunch Berved at 
four public sales, $03.34; total, $151.47. At the beginning of the 
year we had $l!0,fl9 in the treasury. We also had on hand con- 
siderable material. We made 83 Bun-bonnets, quilted 2 comforts, 
pieced several comfort-tops and sewed one day for a Bister. 
We made the folio whig articles for the Red Cross: 21 hospital 
shirts, 68 abdominal bandages; 12 ambulance pillows and 24 
undergarments. Pnld out for material, $11.71; other expensee, 
03' cents; $10 to the Cincinnati church fund; $45 to two needy 
families; $20 to help a sister in school, preparing for the mlBslon 
Held; $46.80 to the Red CroBB; $12.50 to our evangelist's wife; 
25 cents for a plant; 2 comforters and 12 garments sent to the 
Hastings Street Mission, Chicago. Total expenditures, $146.05; 
balnnee, $25.21. Officers for 1010 are: Sister Maggie Haladay, 
President; Sister SuBie Blocher, Vice-President; Sister Nettle 
Huffman, Superintendent; the writer, Secretary-Treasurer. — Mrs. 
Forest L. Williams, Greenville, Ohio, Jan. 10. 

9ELMA, VA.— We had ten regular business meetings. We had 
four afternoon meetings, at which we worked, besides making 
garments nt home to sell. With the help of friends we gave 
$62 to the Red CroBB, besides a membership fee of $14. We have 
$13.28 left In the treasury, and about $10 worth of material on 
hand. Officers for the ensuing year are: President, Sister D. L. 
Carter; Vice-President, Sister E. Smith; Treasurer, SiBter W. 
U. Jones; Secretary, Sister A. C, Turner. Considering condi- 
tions, we have Biicceeded better than during any year past. It 
is duo to united perseverance.— Mrs. A. C. Turner, Selma, Va., 
Jan. 8. 

SOUTH WHITLEY, IND.— The Sisters' Aid Society of the 
South Whitley church held twenty meetings with an average 
attendance of eight. Amount in treasury, Jan. 1, 1918, $11.89; 
offerings during year, $13.27; birthday offerings, $2.74; articles 
sold, $34.00; one sale dinner, $26; total, $76.61. Paid out for 
material. $68.83; balance. $33.03. Officers elected for year 1010: 
President, Sister Carrie Neff ; Vice-President, Sister Minerva 
Kiteb ; Secretary-Treasurer, Sister Hattie McConnell ; Superin- 
tendent, Sister Reuben Bonebrake. — Mrs. Hattie McConnell, Sooth 
Whitley, Ind., Jan. 0. 

SUGAR RIDGE, MICH. — During the year our Aid Society held 
eighteen nll-dny meetings, with an average attendance of twelve. 
We apent moBt of the time quilting. We received for work 
done and from collections, $56.43. A number of old garments 
were donated, which we made over and sent to poor families. 
We also sent out several boxes of provisions, altogether valued 
ot $44.65. Donations In cash for various charity purposes, $37.02, 
total, $82.57. Caeh on hand, $17.51, making a grand total for 
the year of $100.03. Officers for ensuing year are: President, 
Sister Mary E. Teeter; Vice-President, SiBter Lorena Williams; 
Secretary- Treasurer, SiBter Ella Williams. — Gertrude Lair, Cus- 
ter, Mich,, Jan. 6. 

SYRACUSE, IND.— Following is the report of the Tippecanoe 
Aid Society: During the year 1018 we held sixteen half-day 
meetings, to work for the Aid. We donated three whole days' 
work for the needy, and worked four half-days for compen- 
sation. We made 114 garments, besides 20 other useful articles, 
including bedding. We sold 65 garments and 42 other articles. 
We gave to the needy 141 garments and furnlBhed lunchea and 
flowers for the sick. We also gave $0 to the Douglas Park 
Mission, furnished a room at North Manchester College, which 
cost $40, and are supporting nn orphan boy In France, which 
cost $36.60. There has been nn average attendance of thirteen. 
We have $28.46 on hand, besides a few articles not sold. The 
following officers were elected for 1010: President. Anna Crlpe; 
Vice-President, Ada Mock; Secretary-Treasurer, Zermah Wright; 
Superintendents, Alice Shock and Eva Hamman. — Zermah Wright, 
Syracuse, Ind., Jan. 10. 

UNIONTOWN. PA.— The following 1b our Aid Society report 
from Jan. 1, 1018, to Jan. 1, 1010: We had 105 meetings; met 
four times a month; attendance per week, five. Money In treas- 
ury. Jan. 1, 1018. $26.80. Paid out $10 for Armenian and Syrian 
Relief; $7 to Poor Fund: $10 to Missions. Balance on hand, 
$40.16. Officers for 1019: Amanda Johnson, President; Elisabeth 
Thomas, Vice-President; Mary Fearer, Secretary; Lnclnda Coll- 
ier, Treasurer. We hope to do better work the coming year. — 
Elizabeth Thomas. Uniontown. Pa., Jan, 6. 

V1NCENNES, IND.— Following Is the report of ths Allison 
Prairie Aid Society for 1018: Number of all-day meetings held, 
2 ; half-day meetings, 13 ; largest attendance, 18: smallest, fl ; 
avcroge, 13. Balance from last year, $11.52; dueB received, $27.77; 
birthday offerings, $5.30; Sunday egg money. $54.01; 2 quilts, 
$0.50; sun-bonnets, $3.25; 1 apron, 50 cents; bread sold. $1.20; 
total, $113.06. Paid on "Messenger" subscriptions for 1018, $5; 
for 1919, $4.60: materia), $5,91; aisle carpet. $18; coalhouse, $15: 
pastor's salary. $50; Qulnter Memorial Hospital, $2.06; Dis- 
trict Aid Society Secretary, 28 cents ; laundry, $1.80 ; total. 
$102.25; balance on hand, Jan. 1. 10.80. New officers were elected 

as follows: President, Sister Elva Miller; Vice-President, Sister 
Edna Garber.— Flossie E. Golf, Vincennes, Ind., Jan. 7. 

WASHINGTON, D. c— The following in a report of the Sisters' 
Aid Society of The Washington City church for the year end- 
ing Dec. 31, i't.. Receipts: Cash on hand, Jan. 1, 1018, $16.57; 
fees, $2.40; goods sold, $18.26; vanilla sold, $41.15; donations. 
$20: knotting and quilting quilts, $7.25; total, $110.63. Ex- 
penditures: Purchase of vanilla, $22; drayage, yearly report and 
car fare, $3.16; bed' linen and provisions for the poor. $5.61; 
purchase of materials, $7.13; parsonage fund, $26; India Or- 
phanage, $25; Reconstruction Work, $5; miscellaneous aid, $9; 
total, $101.00; balance on hand, $8.73. Two packages of clothing 
were received from the Slaters' Aid Society, Elizabethtown, Pn., 
and the following cash donations: Pipe Creek, Md. t Slaters' Aid 
Society, $10; Young People's Class, $5; Sister Vertle Neff, $5. 
For three monthB we did Red Cross work: We knitted 4 sweaters 
and 3 pair of socks; made 21 " flu " masks; 8 pajama suits: 2 
night-shirts; quilted and knotted 6 quilts; made 16 aprons and 
gave out 189 pieces of clothing. Officers for 1019 are: Slater 
Irene Riley, President; Sister Anna Miller, Vice-President; the 
writer. Secretary-Treasurer.— Maude V. Holllnger. Washington, 
D. C, Jan. 8. 



notices should be accompanied by 



Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication 
of n marriage notice may be applied to a three monthB' " Gospel 
Messenger" subscription for the newly-married couple. Request 
should be made when the notice Is sent, and full address given. 

Conne-r-Hlnegardner. — By the undersigned, at the brlde'a home, 
Dec. 28, 1018, Bro. J. J. Conner and Sister Lucy Hlnegardner, 
both of Manassas. Va.— J. A. Hlnegardner, Midland, Va. 

Danner-Gruber. — By the undersigned, nt his residence, Astoria, 
111., Jan. 1, 1019, Mr, Melvin A. Danner and Sister Viola B. Gru- 
ber, Doth of Astoria, 111.— S, S. Blough, Astoria, III." 

HoIe-MiUer.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
grandparents, Brother and SiBter Moses Miller, of near Gettys- 
burg. Ohio, Jau. 1, 1019, Mr. Merlin W. Hole and Sister Ruth 
M. Miller, both of Darke County, Ohio.— Hugh Miller, Gettys- 
burg, Ohio. 

MoKelvy- Whetstone.— By the undersigned, at bis home, Dec. 
22. 1018, Mr. George W. McKelvy, of Manette, Wash., and Sister 
Hazel L. Whetstone, of Port Orchard, Wash.— Ernest J. CHne, 
Seattle, Wash. 

Pennlngton-Gltt.— By Rev. G. B. Brown, at the home of the 
bride's parents, Dec. 25, 1018, W. D. Pennington and Ruth I. 
Gltt, both of Cabool, Mo.— Mrs. C. W. Gitt, Cabool, Mo. 

Weeka-Dean. — By Bro. W. R. Guthrie, at his home, Nov. 9, 
1918, Mr. George Russel Weeks, of Beaverdam, Ohio, and SiBter 
Mary Clyde Dean, of La Fayette, Ohio.— Bessie L. Guthrie, La 
Fayette, Ohio. 

ZeUer- Miller.— By the undersigned, at the home of the brlde'a 
parents, Brother and Sister Moses Miller, of near Gettyaburg, 
Ohio, Jan. 1, 1919, Mr. John H. Zeller and Slater Amanda Miller, 
both of Darke County, Ohio.— Hugh Miller, Gettysburg, Ohio. 


'Blessed are the dead which die In the Lord" 

Alters, Ollle M., daughter of Brother and Sister Wm. Akere, 
died Sept. 5, 1918, aged 18 years, 9 months and 17 days. She 
united with the Church of the Brethren In 1913. She la Burvived 
by father, mother, six brothers and three alters. Services by 
Elders R. F. Akers and S. P. Reed. Interment in the Alley ceme- 
tery.— Mettle Akers, Indian Valley, Va. 

Beck, Serena, nee Stutzman, born In Fulton County, Ohio, died 
near Pettisvllle, same county, Dec. 21, 1918, "aged 36 years, ,4 
months and 20 days. She married Aaron Beck Feb. 15, 1906. 
To this union were born one son and five daughterB. She 
united with the Church of the Brethren In February. 1917, and 
remained ever faithful. Her death was due to pneumonia, — 
the result of influenza. At the time of her death she left all 
six of her children in bed, — two of them dangerously ill. She 
leaves a deeply-bereaved husband, six children, her aged parents, 
lire sisters and four brothers. One brother and two sisters pre- 
ceded her in death. Services Dec. 23 at the house by the writer. 
Text, Rev. 21: 9-27.— A. L. Sellers, Bryan, Ohio. 

Bockman, Bruno Karl, son of Emil and Lena Bockman, born 
In Dresden, Saxony, Germany, died In Denver, Colo., Dec. 5, 1818, 
of pneumonia following Influenza, aged 35 years and 5 days. .He 
leaves wife, one son, mother, four Bisters and six brothers. Serv- 
ices in the Fairview cemetery. — H. F. Crist, Colorado Springs, 

Bookwalter, SiBter Mary, daughter .of Joseph and Elizabeth 
Studebaker, died Jon, 6, 1919, aged 59 years, 4 months and 22 
days. In 1885 she married Sylvan Bookwalter. To them were 
born two sonB and one daughter. She, with her husband, united 
with the Church of the Brethren in 1896 and was an active work- 
er in the Prices Creek congregation. She leavea husband, three 
children, three grandchildren and three sisters. Services at 
Castlne by Brethren Daniel Garver and Joseph Longanecber. 
Text, Pan. 90: 6. Burial In Castlne cemetery. — May Grossnlckle, 
New Madison, Ohio. 

Brlndle, Levi, died Dec. 30, 1918, aged 90 years, 4 months and 
28 days. He was n son of Peter and Margaret Brindle. He mar- 
ried Sarah Flrestine, to which union one child was born. He 
leaveB his wife, one brother and one sister. Bro. Brlndle was 
a member of the Church of the Brethren for many years and 
hold his membership in the Lower Cumberland congregation. 
Services at the Baker house by Bro. Jacob A. Miller, assisted by 
Kid. Wm. Murphy. Interment In the Baker cemetery. — J. W. 
Galley, Mechanlcsburg, Pn. 

Brubaker, Bro. John K . son of Isaac and Sarah Brubaber, 
died Dec. 22, 1918, of influenza and pneumonia, aged 35 years, 10 
months and 6 days. He leaves his wife, one son and two 
daughters. Services at the home near MyerBtown by our home 
ministers. Interment in the Heidelberg cemetery. — H. F. King, 
Lebanon, Pa. 

Cushmnn, Sister Aramlntn, born near Shady Grove, Pa., died 
Dec. 28. 1918, ot her late home in Waynesboro, Pa., of pneu- 
monia, following Influenza, aged 31 years. She was a daughter 
of Bro. Jacob Fox, and the wife of Bro. Joseph Cashman. She 
was a faithful member of the church. She is survived by her 
husband, one son, father, five brothers and three sisters. Serv- 
ices at the late home by Elders C. R. Oelllg and H. M. Stover. 
Interment Ib Green Hill cemetery. — Jessie Demuth, Waynesboro, 

Crlpe, Elmlra, daughter of John and Margaret Ganger, died 
Dec. 27, 1918, at Waterford, Ind., aged 59 years, 10 months and 
19 doyB. She married Daniel Stouder, To this union were born 
four children. Her husband and two of the children preceded 
her. Later she married Ellas Crlpe, who died some time ago. She 
is survived by her father, two children, two brothers and three 
sisters. She was a member of the Church of the Brethren for 
thirty-five years. Services In the West Goshen church by 
Elders Wra. HesB and C. B. Swlhart.— Myrtle E. Ulrlch, Goshen, 

Dean, James Wesley, son of Louis and Elizabeth Dean, born 
in Hocking County, Ohio, died Jan. 4, 1919, aged 65 years, 9 
months and 20 days. He married Melissa Atkinson In 1874. To 
this union was born one son. His wife died in 1893 and he later 
married Theresa E. Weaver. To them were born six children. 
He leaves his wife, seven children, four grandchildren and four 
sisters. Services nt the residence by Bro. David Byerly. — Ada 
Miller, Lima, Ohio. 

Earnest, Mrs. Elizabeth, daughter of William and Nancy Miller, 
died Dec. 13, 1918, aged 34 years, 6 months and 28 days. She was 
a member of the MetbodiBt church for about five years. She 
Is survived by her husband, two sons, three daughters, mother, 
one brother, two stepbrothers and one stepsister. Services at 
the residence by Eld. Wm. Hess.— Myrtle B. Ulrlch, Goshen, Ind. 

Ebersole, Sister Anna Luella, nee Miller, born at Pittsburgh, 
Pa., died at Waterloo, Iowa, Dec. 4, 1918, aged 49 years, 1 month 
and 26 days. When a young child, she and her father cams to 
Waterloo, Iowa. The mother had died at Pittsburgh, Pa. In 
1901 she went to Sunnyslde, Wash., where, June 18, 1902, she mar- 
ried Bro. David A. Ebersole, of Hancock County, Ohio. She Is 
survived by her husband and one son. Services at the South 
Waterloo church by the writer, assisted by Eld. W. H. Llchty. 
Interment in the Orange cemetery. — A. P. Blough, Waterloo, Iowa. 

Ferris, Bro. .Ralph, died at his home Dec. 19, 1918, 'Of influenza. 
He leaves wife, son, father, mother, four brothers and one sis- 
ter, Mrs. Pollock, who la a missionary In China. Services at the 
home by Eld. M. J. Mlshler and the writer.— W. H. Yoder, Con- 
way, Kans. 

I ike, Adam, born in Germany, died Jan. 3, 1919, aged 87 years, 
9 inonthg and 10 days. After the death of his father, he and 
his mother, two brothers and one sister came to America and 
settled in Crawford County, Ohio. In 1869 he married Chris- 
tina Grosslnger, who died some years later. In 1890 he married 
Elizabeth Graves, who Burvives. He united with the Church of 
the Brethren several months ago. Services at the Lick Creek 
church by the writer, assisted by Bro. Clyde St. John. Burial 
at Bryan. Ohio— Clyde I. Miller, Bryan, Ohio. 

Fisher, Charles Vernon, died of influenza Jan. 9, 1919, aged 30 
years, 8 months and 3 days. He married Ada M. McFarland in 
1909. One son was born to them. He leaves wife, son, father, 
mother and one brother. He gave his heart to his Lord dur- 
ing his illness. Interment nt Scrub Ridge. Services by the 
writer.— Van B. Wright, Peebles, Ohio. 

Frederick, Bro. Lester, son of Brother and Sister John K. 
Frederick, died in the Woodbury church, Bedford County, Pa,, 
of SpnniBh influenza, Dec. 13, 1918, aged 14 years, 5 montha 
and 15 days. He leaves father, mother and two brothers. Serv- 
ices at the home by the undersigned. Text, Psa, 23. Interment 
In the Holslnger cemetery. — J. C. Stayer, Woodbury, Pa. 

Furry. Jesse Clair, son of Brother and Sister Lester Furry, 
died of Spanish Influenza Jan. 1, 1919, aged 6 months and 9 days. 
Services at the home by the undersigned. Interment in the Rep- 
logle cemetery. — J. C. Stayer, Woodbury, Pa. 

Gohn, Lovina, daughter of John and Barbara Grady, born In 
Somerset County, Pa., died at their home in MJddlebury, Ind., 
Jan. 10, 1919. She married Geo. Gohn in 1874. To this nnlon 
were born six sons who, with the husband, survive. When a 
girl, she united with the Lutheran church. Services at the home 
by the undersigned. — J. H. Fike, Mlddlebury, Ind. 

Good, Sister Elizabeth, born near Ringgold, Md., died Dec, 19, 
1918, In Waynesboro, Pa., aged 48 years. She was>the daughter 
of Brother and Sister Columbus Barkdoll. In 1896 she married 
Bro. Anson W. Qood. She was a loyal member of the church. 
Surviving are her husband, one son, one daughter, three brothers 
and four sisters. Services at the house by Elders C. R. Oelllg 
aud H. M. Stover. Interment In Greenhill cemetery. — Jessie De- 
muth, Waynesboro, Pa. ' 

Helta, Bro. S., son of John and Frances Heitz, born in Mil- 
heim, Baden, Germany, died at his home, near Milmlne, 111., 
Jan. 2, 1910, aged 73 years, 3 months and 9 days, after an Ill- 
ness of two years. In 1854, he, with his father, mother and sIb- 
ter, emigrated to America. In 1867 he married Amandn Bower. 
To them were born two sons who Burvive, together with his wife, 
thirteen grandchildren and one slater. In 1883 he. united with the 
Church of the Brethren, was later elected to the ministry and in 
1898 orduined as elder. He Berved the church faithfully In all 
these capacities. — Everett Heltz, MUmine, III. 

Holllnger, Bro. Snmuel, born near Upton, Pa., died In the 
bounds of the Falling Spring congregation at Shady Grove, Pa., 
Dec. 30, 1918, aged 77 years, 1 month and 3 days. Bro. Holllnger 
united with tbe Church of the Brethren early in life. He is 
survived by three sons and three daughters. His wife preceded 
him about fourteen years ago. Services in the Shady Grove 
church by Brethren Welty G. Smith and Wm. Holllnger. In- 
terment In the Upton cemetery. — II. N. M. Gearhart, Green- 
castle, Pa. 

Jay, Sister Amelia, nee Zlgler, born at Boonsboro, Md., died at 
the home of her daughter, Mrs. Alice House, near Winterset, 
Iowa, Jan. 1, 1919, aged 83 yearB, 7 months and 16 days. She 
married James Joy in 1849. Her husband was a veteran of the 
Civil War and died in 1897. Sister Joy had been a member of 
the Church of the Brethren since 1852. She was tbe mother of 
nine children. Services at Winterset by the writer. Text, Psa. 
116: 15. Burial in the Winterset cemetery. — Jas. Q. Goughnour, 
Ankeny, Iowa. 

King, Ruby Geraldlne, born in South English, Iowa, died 
at her home near Kinross, Iowa, Dec. 25, 1918, aged 14 years, 
11 months and 25 days. She was the oldest daughter of W. F. 
and Sally King. She leaves father, mother, one brother and three 
sisters. She united with the Church of the Brethren in 1917. 
Brief services at the Brethren's cemetery by Bro. D. P. Miller. 
—A. W. Miller, South English, Iowa. 

Koch, Sister Salome, wife of Bro. David Koch, died at her 
home, near Cooperaburg, of pneumonia, following influenza, Oct. 
18, 1918. aged 33 years, 4 months and 18 days. She was the 
only daughter of Sister Lovina King. She united with the 
Church of the Brethren at the age of thirteen, and was ever 
faithful. She leavea her husband, five children and her mother. 
Burial In the Brethren cemetery at Springfield, Pa. — Joseph Y. 
Heckler, Hatfield, Pa. 

May, Sister Hattie, born March 31, 1881, died Dec. 30, 1918, 
of influenza and double pneumonia. She was united In marriage 
to Bro. Sanford May who, with two sons and one little daughter, 
survives her. She waa a faithful sister. Because of an ear 
affliction and poor health in general, she was hindered from 
doing as her heart really desired, and she often spoke of this 
handicap. The occasion of her death was more than usually ead. 
owing to the fact that her husband wob somewhere in France. 
So far word has not reached him of her death. Services by the 
writer. Text, Heb. 4: 9.— M. R, Weaver, Omaha, Nebr. 

McCub, Mrs. Sarah Frances, daughter of Mr. aud Mrs. Chas. 
Hart, born In Gaston, Ind., died at her home in Muncle, Ind., of 
Influenza, Dec. 7, 1918, aged 28 years, 1 month and 8 days. She 
married Archie McCab in 1910. To this union one Bon was born. 
She waa a member of the High Street Methodist church and to 
its work was much devoted. She leaves husband, son, father, 
mother and brother. Services by the writer In the Beech Grove 
chapel. Interment In Beech Grove cemetery. — Geo. L. Stude- 
baker, Muncle, Ind. 

McClelland, Mrs. Jennie, born In Muncle, Ind., died at her home 
in Muncle, Dec. 30, 1918, aged 40 years, 1 month and 13 days. 
She married Lawrence W. McClelland In 1893. To them were 
born five sons and six daughters, who, with their father, sur- 
vive. She united with the Church of tbe Brethren In 1906. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1919 


Service, by the writer nt the home. Interment In Beech Grove 
cemetery —Geo. L. Studebakcr, Muocle, Ind. 

Metealfe, Sister Catherine, died at the Brethren's Home near 
Ilnnud.ile. Pa.. Dec. 27. 1018, aged 81 years. She wa. •«•«"»> 
member of the church tor many years Service, from the _homc 
„t her son. in Waynesboro. Pa., by Rev. Prank Bale, or th. 
Reformed Mennonlte church. Interment In Prices cemetery- 
Jessie Ilemuth, Waynesboro. Pa. 

MlUcr. Sister Mary, daughter of Abraham and Lydla Miller, 
born in Rockingham County, Va„ died at the Brethren's Home 
In Greenville, Ohio, Dec. 15, 1018. aged 71 year.. 5 month, and 
»G davs She was n consistent member of the Church of the 
Brethren for nearly forty years. Several months ago she wa. 
stricken with paralysis from whloh she never recovered. One 
uro ther with .»,.* lived, died In August of IMS. One .lster 
survive! Services in the home by Bro. Abrnm Brumbaugh Itt- 
rerment i„ the Harris Creek ccmetery.-Lydla C. Wolf, Bradford. 
Ohio. , „, . 

Miller. Wilbur A., youngest son of Elder Abednego and Sister 
Elisabeth (Sniderl Miller, died of pneumonia, following Influ- 
enza Nov. 27. 1018, aged 23 years, 4 month, and 27 days, He 
See wife father, one brother and two sister.. Services at hi. 
Xr'a home by Eld. S. Z. Smith, of Sidney, Ohio Interment In 
the Iluber cometery.-Mrs. S. P. Berkebllc. Bellefontnino. Ohio. 
Morris Mary nee Elgnrd, of Land Brook, N. J., died Dec. 18. 
loX a -e'd 1 ears. She leaves her husband, little daughter and 
parents Services by Bro. H. T. Horne. Interment In Cherry- 
vllle cemetery.— Mrs. Hannnh D. Hottmnn, Dunellen. N. J. 

Mueller. Everett Henry, .on of Carl W. and Katie Mueller, 
born in Muscatine, Iowa, May 20, 1007. died Jan 12, .1019. fol- 
lowing a brief attack of bronchial pneumonia. His father and 
one "lster preceded him. Besides his mother and .ten .father .he 
i. survived bv one brother. Everett wa. an unusually bright 
boy regular n bis attendance at Sunday-school Service, by 
Rev HE Eiserer, of the Cedar Street Congregational Church 
^German, and Eld. Leander Smith, of the Church of the 
Brethren in English. Burial in Greenwood cemetery.-Msry 
Smith 1147 Lucas Street, Muscatine, Iowa. 

FLrs ss zssm nara vs si 
as ^unts'witi^srchSch^r^re^f z 

of sixteen and lived ever faithful. Her devotion to her fan, ly 
and ,„ 1 er God will ever remain as a reminder of loving service 
„ , nil who knew her. Services by the writer from the home, 
Mermen? in T?„,o,, cemetery. Bnkersheld, Cnl.-Andrew Bllck- 
enstalT, McFarland, Cal. 
• Pheonls, William, .on of Brother and Sister J»»P» ""«"°£ 

H /fnMU one XS, ^ ' tlTc Sr.'" S£ 

„ tne ."moch He' lea™, oV.on, «ve .later, and four brothers. 
Service, by Bro. H. T. Horne. Interment in Ko.emont cemetery. 
—Mrs. Hannah D. Huffman, Dunellen, N. J. 

Reed, Phylena Ocia, daughter of Mr and Mr.. Millard Reed. 
£° ,U sM 3£ & £« tl^hr'erTC^ 

er. A N HJlton and S. P. Reed. Interment In Duncan ceme- 
tery —Mettle Akers, Indian Valley, Va. 

' slst e P Emily Frnncle. wife of Jacob J. Ryman, died 

Tan ? 1910 aged 08 years, 11 months and 11 days. Her 
l fed nearly forty year, ago. leaving her to ear. for three .mall 


LSoswere heM nt the home and grave only, by the writer. 
— W. C. Hoover, TImberville, Va. 
D -Tl^8^turCd b 5nl.-gcdl^^hs^ 


L sHW^Sarauel Henry, son of David and Eli,, .SUM (dc- 

Si eTbTSs :it h e tyssj! ^ssr^r-M 

a tl e 'home oy Eld J W.' Root, assisted by Bro. C C. Hylt.n 
Burial in Ro.sville cemetery.-Elln Hatcher, Ros.ville, Ind. 

wn«n At wife of Wm. B. Stayer, died at her home 

cemetery.-Lena M. Hoover, Roaring Spring. Pa. 

straight, Bro. Jas. A., died Dec. 10. 1018. aged &9 year. MHjd o 
days His wife preceded him some years ago. He is •»«»«» 

v three sisters. Services In the home by Brethren D. T. Del- 
wller ami H S. Knlp. Interment in the cemetery at Wood- 
burv.-Margaret Replogle. New Enterprise. Pa. 

Surlier Sister Dinah, daughter of James and Susan Summer. 

srSfes: £K-*2frS% zsr£2£& 

lie nmrch of the Brethren In 1902. She leaves four .ons. one 

■ m" nt in Beech Grove cemetery.-Geo. I, Studeb.ker, Muncle 

'"swlhort, Linda, born In Stark County Ohio, died J« a. 6, 1019 

Text I*"- 64: 6. Interment In near by cemetery.-L. Pater- 
bnucli, Argos, Ind. 
p W Ter'l I B %8 E 'aSt , °yt r.J 1 m d J«h. M . S nd h Td. yV R Herd 

b B ;"Rcv" G E. K B'o , w";,o , I . T .f B « r he''Lu..:e"r d .n S ch„rch y Interment 
^„ the Lutheran cemetery.-J. H. Keller, Shrewsbury, Pa 

W.imer, Bro. Ethan, son of Brother and Sister Joshua W.lm.r. 

D °FI sraa stmiws vj=s p -j«-.s« 

-V V°Sf l^'L^rStirS Jp"sher B m.n H .'„d °g^ 
— Qeo. L. Studebaker, Muncle, Ind. 

Banners and Mottoes for the Sunday-School 

Our prices are so low that we cannot guarantee them for any longer than our 
present stock lasts 

,■ ■ *- 

Inspiring Wall 



Heavy Felt Banners 

These illustrations show the text, but not the 
coloring of these beautiful new hangers. They 
are hand painted on bright blue felt of fine qual- 
ity, with illuminated initials and borders. They 
can be seen across a large room, and make a 
splendid ornament for the schoolroom. They are 
furnished with tape hangers and may be used as 
banners as well as wall mottoes. Size 18x27 
inches. Price, One Dollar each, postpaid. 

'<( MOTTO t 




Booster Banners for the Sunday- 

A desirable, if not -essential 
feature of the Sundny-school 
mission Is punctuality. Wo arc 
presenting two bnnuerB for yo»r 
contiaoratlon tbiit emphasis 
tills thought. They are printed 
on good quality felt with metal 
binding and cord at the top. 

No. 882. The On-Timors. 81c* 
11x27^4 inches. Each, 78c. 

No. 2*6. Our Aim. Size Ux 
inches. Eneb, 


It iB well to keep before the 

Inil of every member of the 

bool. teacher mnl scholar, the 

of the Sunday-school. 

No. 2*0, I nm Burly— I un tut*. Size 11x13% incheB. 
Printed on both sides of a felt banner. See illustra- 
tions below. Each, SOo. 


For the Home Department 

No. MO 

,«e banners are moils of good quality felt and 
KntvSvo Cm". Border In three color.. The.e -mot- 
fneheB. Each. 35c. 

No. 40. Early and Lato Card. Same lettering &B 
above, printed in two colors on- a pure white card. 
Size 11x11 Inches. Each, 15c. 

No. 289. An attendance boost- 
er. Keeps before the mindB of 
the pupils the personal side of 
Sunday-school attendance boost- 
ing. Each, 8Se. 

Pennants Made to Order 

jUNNER Clas 


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Faithful attendance by classes can 
: best be secured by the awarding ot « 
these banners to the class having the 
highest percentage of ^tendance 
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wool felt of first quality Finished 
with wooden rod with gilt endsand 
gilt cord for hanging. Size 1W*2" 
inches. Each * l ' uu 

Cradle Roll Banner 

YOU CAN BOOST the Sunday- 
school through the Cradle Roll. One 
of these banners hung up in your 
school will attract attention to the 
Cradle Roll Department. Painted on 
light blue wool felt of fine quality. 
Finished with rod and gilt cord for 
hanging. Each, S 1 - 00 


HOUSE , . 

i'lt^'K-'-, ^* 


.ii effective mean, 
of stimulating enthu- 
siasm In your Sunday- 
1B»— school Is by awnrdlne pennant. -These 

neniinnt! ore mode o[ n Rood grade of telt nrlth the 

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Gist of the Lesson .-■■■• -25c 

R A. Torrey's. complete vest 
pocket lesson Commentary. 
Coon's Commentary, Cloth 

25c. Mor 35c 

Arnold's Practical Commentary, 

Thornton's Pocket Lesson Com- 
mentary ; " c 

Peloubees Select Notes :* L35 

This is the oldest of the Commentaries and justly 
wo X the place it enjoys It is up-to-date, com- 
pact, suggestive, now in its 45th year. 

Th lCb"?s'Tca°£r's Guide' iV perhaps" the' mcf 
scholarly and thoroughly adaptab e Commentary. 
The lesson material is presented with special refer- 
ence to the needs of each department of the school. 


Elgin, Illinois 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1919 


Official Oman of the Church of the Brethren 
A religious weekly published by Brethren Publishing House 
16 to 24 South Stnti? Street. Elgin. HI. 
per annum, in advance. (Canada subBCi 

D 1- MILLER, Editor EDWARD FRANTZ. Office Editor 

L, A. l'LATE, Assistant Editor 

Special Contributors: H. B. Brumbaugh, Huntingdon, Pa. ; J. 

H. Moore, Scoring. Fin.: II. C. Early. Penn Lalnl. Vn.; A C. 

Wleand Chicago, III.; D. W. Kurtz, MePherson. Knna.; H. A- 

Brandt. Elgin. III. 

Business Mnnarer, R. E. Arnold 

Entered at the Postofflee at Elgin. III., as Second-class Matter. 
Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage pr.-vidc-d for la 
section 1103. Ait of October 3. 3017, authorized August 20. 101R 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 01) 
count of Influenza, the financial secretary was able to make a 
very satisfactory report. During most of the quarantine period, 
the pastor, Bro. Irs C. Holsopple, distributed the Sunday-achool 
literature to the various homes, as he stopped to inquire after 
the welfare of the sick. A report of tbc Sunday-school and 
church officers, elected for the year 1010, was announced by the 
elder. Bro. William Steele Ib our Sunday-school superintendent. 
We ore arranging for an evangelistic meeting to begin April 20. 
to be followed by a love feast May J. During the past year four 
were received Into the church by baptism, five by letter, and 
one reclaimed. Four letters were granted. Three members died. 
The Ladles' Aid Society gave a very grntlfylng report through 
their President, Sister Lashley. IndlcntlonB are for a good 
year, both for missionary endeavor and evangelistic effort In 
1010. We hope lo make this a "Forward Movement" year in 
the Everett church.— Ira C. Holsopple, Everett, Pa., Jan. 9. 

Falling sprlnc-— We held our love feast at the Hade meeting- 
house Nov. 28, and a very spiritual meeting was enjoyed by those 
present. Eld. Oelllg, of Waynesboro, Po„ officiated. Our series 
of meetings at the Hade meetinghouse, conducted by Bro. RufUB 
P. Bucber, of Quarryvllle, Pa., began Dec. 14 and closed Dec. 
31. Bro. Iluchcr preached twenty-one sermons In all. The at- 
tendance nnd interest were good throughout the meetings. Six 
stood for CbrUt. The Sunday-scbool at Shady Grove re- 
organized Dec. 20, with Bro. Ernest King as superintendent The 
school has stnrted the new year, determined to do more than 
In the past year. Bro. Barry T. Fox, one of our ministers who 
hod been teaching school at Zulllnger, Pn., has resigned, and 
moved with his family to Enston, Md.— H. N. M. Qearhort, Oreen- 
caetle, Pa., Jan. 7. 

Ocrnumi church held its Sunday-school Christmas eervlce 

Dec. 20, when the children gave a splendid program. An off- 
ering was lifted for Reconstruction work. Quite a lot of home 
mission work was done at Christians time by the Sundny-Bchool. 
The Women's Bible Claes sent forty-two boxes to the soldier 
boys. Another class of girls gave a donation to the old folks 
of the County Home; also made up ten boxes for the soldiers. 
A class of children donated toyB to the Qermnntown Hospital. 
Others gave baskets to poor families In the neighborhood. Thus 
the spirit of helping others was carried out. We held services 
on ThonkBglvlng Day, when an offering was taken for Home - 
Mission work. The Junior Endeavor class entertained twenty- 
three children, mostly orphans, on Thanksgiving Day. They 
were brought to the church for services, and given dinner and 
supper. A program wbb rendered by the ehildren In the 
afternoon, for the benefit of their little guests. Two have been 
baptized since our last report.— Mrs. M. C. Swlgart, Philadelphia, 
Pa., Jan. 0. 

Huntingdon church installed officers for 1010 at the morning 
service, Jan. 5, Evangelistic services began Jan. with Bro. 
Harvey Iteplogle, evangelist, and Bro. Cassady assisting, Bro. 
Cassndy has had n struggle to get us into this work, but a real 
blessing comes to those who continue to work. The work will 
move faster when we catch the vision of the enrly apostles. Be- 
gin at once to bring others to Christ I We need not wish to be 
foreign missionaries when we do not see work right around ns 
here. We Bhould not let these opportunities pass, for great 
blessings come tuto our own lives in this Bervlce.— Eleanor J. 
Brumbaugh, Huntingdon, Pa., Jan. 8. 

LIUU church met In council Jan. 8, with Eld. I. W. Taylor 
presiding. Two letters were granted. Officers were elected for 
the coming year as follows: Elder, Bro. J. W. G. Hershey ; 
Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. H. R. Glbbel; trustee, Bro. 
Noah Trimmer; Christian Workers' president, Bro. H. R. Glb- 
bel. We held services on Thanksgiving Day, at which time 
we also held our love feaet. Brethren Hiram Glbbel, Nathan 
Fahnestock, Llnneus Longenecker and Geo. N. Falkensteln were 
with us,— the latter officiating. An excellent program was ren- 
dered on ChrlBtmaB evening. Owing to the illness of Bro. 
Samuel Myers, our series of meetingB had to be canceled. How- 
ever, we hope to have a series of meetings or a Bible Institute 
later on. Many calls have come to the church In behalf of mis- 
sions and war relief work, and our members have responded 
nobly.— Florence B. Glbbel, Lltitz, Pa.. Jan. 10. 

Lost Creek congregation met In council Jan. 1 at the Good 
Will church, with Bro. John E. Rowland presiding. Sunday- 
school officers were reelected for 1010. Sister Minnie Baehor 
was reelected for tbree years as "Messenger" agent, and the 
writer, correspondent for the same length of time. Bro. Geo. 
Strawser was elected elder for another year. Bro. John E. 
Rowland was chosen pastor for another year. Owing to the 
epidemic we did not have a Christmas program. Several of 
our brethren have been mastered, out of Bervlce. and are again 
with us, for which we are very thankful. — Isaac Bashor, McAl- 
iBtervllle, Pa„ Jan. 13. 

Montgomery church met In council Jan. 3. with Eld. Oran 
Fyock presiding. Three months ago we decided to adopt the 
envelope system of giving, and think it will be n great help 
In our financial work. Dec. 20 was the day appointed to re- 
organize our Sunday-school, but as the attendance has been 
small, on account of sickness and other reasons, we decided to 
retain our old officers until April 1. Jan. 5 our Sunday-school 
offering for Armenian and Syrian Relief amounted to $32.14. — 
Bessie Fyock, Wllgue, Pa., Jan. 8. 

Shamokln church met In council Dec. 14. with Eld. Adam M. 
Holllnger presiding. Two letters were received. We decided to 
begin a revival meeting Feb. 0, to continue two weeks, with onr 
pastor In charge. Our church was closed for one month daring 
the epidemic, but la now open again, and our services have taken 
on new life. The attendance Is good and we hope for a suc- 
cessful year. — Mrs. Clara Holllnger, Shamokln, Pa., Jan. 13. 

Sprlnrfleld congregation met In council Jan. 4, at the Quaker- 
town houae, with Eld. Hottel presiding. We rejoiced when a 
father came to renew his covenant with the church. The mother 
being of the Progressive faith, was received Into full fellowship. 
One letter was granted. Dec. 24 and 29 ChrlBtmas programs 
were rendered at the Quakertown and Springfield houses, re- 
spectively. Officers for the Quakertown Sondoy-Bchool and Chris- 
tian Workers* Meeting were elected: Superintendents, Brethren 
Alfred George and Clarence Holsopple; president of Christian 
Workers. Bro. F. O. Seese. Dec. 29 we lifted en offering of $12.73 
for Armenian and Syrian Relief. We keenly feel the loss of Ave 
of our workers, who recently moved from onr midst. Two have 
been removed by death.— Luclna Hershberger. Quakertown, Pa. 
Jan. 9. 

Tnlpenocksn congregation met In coancil Dec. 10, at the 13 

Heidelberg house. At this time the reports of the treasurer, 
together with those of the auditors, Missionary Committee, 
Temperance Committee, Sisters' Aid Society, and trustees of the 
different houseg were given. During the year twelve were 
received by baptism,, three were restored, three disowned and 
nine died. Fourteen letters were granted and twelve were re- 
ceived. We have now arranged to hold a series of meetings In 
the Richland house, to commence Feb. 10, with Bro. Nathan 
Martin, evangelist. — H. F. King, Lebanon, Pa., Jan. 9. 

Vlewmont Sunday-school reorganized for 1019 with Bro. Geo. 
L. Peterson, superintendent. The Sunday-school this year did 
not give a treat to the children, as heretofore, but, Instead, on 
Christmas asked for donations to the Christian Home of Johns- 
town, and received Jam, jelly, fruit, canned fruit and vegetables, 
besides some clothing and money. As Influenza has had Its effect 
on the vicinity of Johnstown, mnny orphan children are In this 
Home, and we hope that our glftB will bring cheer and comfort 
to them. Oar BChool also gave $75 to Armenian and Syrian Re- 
lief. Bro. W. H. Rummel, our regular correspondent, is re- 
covering slowly from a serious illness. — Mrs. Chas. H. Stutxman, 
Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 11. 

West Johnstown congregation met In council, Jan. 1, Eld. 
N. W. Berkley presiding. This is the council at which reports 
ore given and the organization effected for the year. Much 
business was disposed of with splendid unanimity. Our finances 
are In excellent shape. We paid $800 on our parsonage, after 
all other obligations had been met. The pastor's salary re- 
ceived a substantial Increase. Church officers were elected for 
the year. Two petitions were sent to District Meeting. Dele- 
gates to District Meeting are Elders N. W. Berkley, B. M. Det- 
wiler, A. U. Berkley and J. E. Blongh. The first Sunday of the 
new year a young brother was baptized. The attendance at 
our services is gradually gaining again. There stltl Ib con- 
siderable Influenza In our city. — Jerome E. Blough, 1309 Franklin 
Street, Johnstown, Pa., Jon. 9. 

Wlndber church, after being without services for ten weeks, 
has been reopened. The Sunday-school has been organised 
for the coming year, with Bro. Irn Ream, superintendent. Jan. 
5 an offering of $60.36 was taken fOr Armenian and Syrian Re- 
lief. The Friendship Adult Bible Clnss also gave $50. During 
the past year about fifty members had a record of perfect at- 
tendance. During the absence of our pastor, Bro. H. S. Rep- 
logle, who Ib holding a revival at Huntingdon, Bro. Albert Berk- 
ley, o*a*Johnstown, Is preaching for us. A few of our members 
had influenza, but are recovering and all are glad to attend 
services again. — Mrs. Harvey Knnvel, Wlndber, Pa., Jan. 13. 


Beaver Creek. — Brother and Sister W. H. Swadley recently 
came here, and their visit was much appreciated. They or- 
ganized a home department, with the writer as superintendent. 
Jan. 12 we reorganized our Sunday-school, with Bro. J. Henry 
Peterson as superintendent. Our Sundny-Bchool for 1918 w&a the 
best on record and we wish to make it stltl better for 1919. We 
decided to have a Sunday-school lecture twice each month by our 
Sunday-school students. — Julia E. Peterson, Fountain City, Tenn., 
Jan. 13. 


Antiocli. — Dec. 29 a program wns rendered by our Sunday- 
school, which was enjoyed by all present. Bro. J. Allen Flora, 
of Roanoke, Va., and Bro. J. B. PeterB, of Wirtz, Vs., gave us 
some very Interesting and helpful talks. We were very glad to 
have these brethren present. An offering of $202 was taken for 
Armenian and Syrian Relief. — Beula Bowman Peters, Rocky 
Mount, Va,, Jan. S. 

Red Oak Grove church met in council Jon. 11, with Eld. J. V. 
Keith presiding. Sister Lena Bowman was reappointed "Mes- 
senger" agent; Sister Clara Vest and the writer, correspondents; 
Sister Ella Bowman, clerk ; Bro. Wm. Tearout, Sunday-school 

superintendent, Jan. 12 Bro. J. F. Keith preached a good ser- 
mon on " Christian Integrity." A collection of $72 was taken 
for the war sufferers. The number received by baptism has 
not been so large this year, but we rejoice that a few have been 
made willing. Now that the war is over, and our young brethren 
will soon return, we can take up the work again with zeal. We 
hope It may be the banner year for our church, and that many 
will be added to the fold.— Sarah Ella Bowman, Floyd, Va., 
Jan. 13. 

Topeco church met in council Jan. 4, with Eld. A. N. Hylton 
presiding. It had been some time since we were permitted to 
meet In council, on account of the influenza. AH the officers, 
except correspondent, were reelected. The writer was chosen as 
"Messenger" correspondent. The church decided to pay Bro, 
D. B. Garber for his work at Camp Lee, Va. Dec. 1 we lifted 
an offering of $23.95 for General Mission Work. Our Sunday- 
school raised $17.45 for the support of Sister Rebecca Wnmpler, 
and $10.15 for War Relief last year. We have retained all Sun- 
day-school officers for this year. — Almeda Alderman, Floyd, Va., 
Jan. 7. ' 


Ontlook. — Jan. our hearts were made glad when two of our 
Sunday-school children confessed Christ. Not having a bap- 
tistry In our church, and no other place being convenient. Im- 
mediately after Sunday-school four auto loads went to Sunny- 
side, arriving In time for the services, after which baptism was 
administered. — Mrs. C. A. Wagner, Outlook, Wash., Jan. B. 

Seattle church met in council Dec. 30, with Bro. Robert Hlner 
presiding. Owing to the effort to procure a pastor and elder, 
to take full charge of the church, we elected Bro. Robert Hlner 
elder for only six months. Bro. V. C. Wllhelm was elected su- 
perintendent of Sunday-achool and Bro. C. H. Maust president of 
Christian Workers' Meeting. Two letters were granted. Ow- 
ing to the epidemic, our church has been somewhat handi- 
capped ob the ban was on for six weeks. Only one member, bo 
far, has been taken by death. — Mrs. Cora Welmer, Seattle, Wash., 
Jan. 5. 

Tacoma church met in council Dec. 22, at the Thrift school- 
houBe, with Bro. Gregory presiding. We elected officers for 
the coming year ob follows: Bro. E. S. Gregory, elder; Sister 
Jennie Garman, clerk and "Messenger" correspondent; Bro. 
Elmer Carpenter, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Lewis 
Thomas, Christian Workers' president. Our Sunday-school at 
this place has been hindered on account of the epidemic, and 
quite a number have been sick. — Mrs. E. S. Gregory, Graham, 
Wash., Jan. 12. 


Eglon. — Jan. 12 a few brethren and sisters met at Bro. David 
A. King's, to bold services for his aged mother. Sister Mary 
King, who is not able to attend church and Sunday-school. The 
services were conducted by Bro. Jonas Fike. Our aged sister 
enjoyed the meeting very much and we decided to have a 
meeting- with her the second Sunday of each month. We had 
Sunday-school at the Maple .Spring church in the afternoon, with 
a large attendance. In the evening we met for Christian WorkerB' 
Meeting. This was a busy and well-spent day for many. — 
Goldle Judy, Eglon, W. Va., Jan. 13. 

Salem church met in council Jan. 1, with Eld. Jeremiah Thomas 
presiding. Officers for 1910 were elected: Bro. James M. Thomas, 
clerk; Eld. Jeremiah Thomas, "Messenger" agent; the writer, 
correspondent. Bro. Noah Thomas was reelected Sunday-achool 
superintendent. Letters of membership were granted to Brother 
and Sister W. H. Thomas and daughter, who have located at 
Roanoke, Va. We decided to hold our series of meetings In 
July or August. On account of influenza our churches have 
been closed since the second Sunday in October. Services are 
to begin again as usual. — Ida D. Wilson, Brandonvllle, W. Va., 
Jan. 8. 

The Forward Movement Calls for 
$795,000.00 in 1919 


C. W. Societies for Missions and Benevolences $ 5,000.00 

Sunday-schools for Missions ' . 40,000.00 

The Church for District Missions 200,000.00 

The Church for Foreign Missions 250,000.00 

The Church for College Endowments 300,000.00 

Grand Total $795,000.00 . 

This splendid sum can best be raised by some system of regular systematic giving. For example, 
20c per week per member would amount in one year to over $1,000,000.00. For an economical and business- 
like plan for raising this money we recommend The Sower Duplex Envelope System. 

THE SUPPLIES USED consist of a carton of 52 en- 
velopes for each member giving a pledge, pledge cards, stock 
envelopes and a Sower Financial Record. 

Prices for either Sower Duplex or Sower Single Pocket 

237 ' DEC23I917 ; 0EC23I9I7 237 

roa srnevoldicis 

C&nrUjot IttBirttcrn ; 

White envelopes, per set, complete, 11 cents 

Manila envelopes, per set, complete , 10 cents 

Transportation extra from S. W. Ohio 

The Weekly Duplex Offering Pledge Card No. 1 or the 
Weekly Offering Pledge Card No. 2 (for the Single Envelope 
System) comes at the same price. Per hundred, 60c Duplex Offering Envelope 

Stock Envelopes, either Duplex or Single Pocket, and in white paper only, can be obtained for pew 
use. The Duplex Stock Envelopes have the same printing as those that come in sets, but are unnumbered 
and undated. Single Pocket Stock Envelopes are furnished in three kinds: No. A, Current Expenses; No. 
B, Benevolences; No. C, Pastor's Support. Price of either Duplex or Single Pocket Envelopes, $2.50 per 
1,000, prepaid. 

The Sower Financial Record is made in three sizes. The Record is adapted to the Duplex System. 
It contains the individual member's accounts, Separate Current Expense and Benevolence Space. Pro- 
vides for recording in detail receipts and disbursements. No. 1 for 200 names, $2.25 postpaid; No, 2 for 
300 names, $3.00 postpaid; No. 3 for 500 names $4.00 postpaid. 

Send for Samples and Literature on the Sower Envelope System 



P. S. Ten cents will bring you the new 1919 Yearbook which tells all about the Forward Movement 

The Gospel Messenger 

"This gospel of the Kingdom shall he 
preached in the whole world."— Mutt. 24: I*. - 


Vol. 68 

Elgin, 111., February 1, 1919 

No. 5 

In This Number 


Let Not Your Heart Be Troubled 

The Oppression of Israel Up to Date • 

The Dry Victory and the Forward Movement 

If We Only Could Remember ................ 

The Use of Scripture in Overcoming Temptation (A. L. W.I. 

Education and Reconstruction (D. W- K.) 

Excursions in Bookland (H. A. B.) 

The Quiet Hour 

Among the Churches. 

Around the World 

Contributors' Forum,— 

Victory Through Faith (Poem). By Mrs. J. L. Thomas 

Marks of the King's Subjects. By Ezra Flory. ■■ 

The Lost Sheep. By Jacob Funk, .. ... ....... ■ ---... 

Under Southern Skies.-Part II. By J. H. B. Wdliamt, 
Our Departed Friends and Ourselves. By Ohn F. Shaw, 

Open-window Christians. By Galen B. Royer, ••-■■■-■■■ 

Nearsighted and Farsighted Christians. By D. W. Shock, .. 

The Round Table,— 

Peace (Poem). By Julia Graydon, 

An Open Shame. By Roy P. Hylton, ■ 

Do You Know Your Bible? By Zuma Heestatul 

The Fruits of Rationalism. By Olive A. Smith. •••-■■■ 

« Better Be on the Safe Side." By Elizabeth H. Brubakcr, . 

Home and Family, — 

Old Age (Poem). By James A. Sell 

The New Buffet. By Elizabeth D. Rosenberger, 

Home Reminiscences. By Mary V. Harshbarger 

God's Mirror. By Daisy M. Moore 

know that many men are obliged lo toil on constantly 
without a regular day of rest, to say nothing of a day 
for worship? 

You had heard about these tilings, 1 ' Well, did it ever 
bother you any? Did you ever ask how such things 
can" be? Did they ever give you an uncomfortable 
twinge in the region of your own conscience? Just 
a lurking suspicion that there might be something 
you ought to do about it? ' 



Let Not Your Heart Be Troubled 

When you are in the mood to appreciate something a 
• little extra fine, look up the tenth verse of the fifteenth 
Chapter of Deuteronomy. It tells of two obligations, 
one toward your needy brother and one toward your- 
self. The second one will probably interest you the 
most, but that's all right. The fine thing about it is 
that you can discharge this obligation without feeling 
the least bit selfish. Nor will it react unfavorably on 
the first. 

Better go back to verse seven to begin. Then you 
will get the full force of it. Then you will see how 
very obvious that " surely " is in the first injunction : 
" Thou shalt surely give him." Of course you will 
give him, especially since it is only a loan anyway. 
Yes, you will do that even if " the seventh year, the 
year of release, is at hand," and the debt is likely to 
be outlawed. You could not refuse to help in so plain 
a case of need. 

But look now at the second duty, the one that con- 
cerns yourself alone, the one your needy brother knows 
nothing of, the one that makes this passage " a little 
extra fine," the one that reads like this : " And thy 
heart shall not be grieved when thou givest unto him." 
That is fine, isn't it? There's the drive for the starv- 
ing children and mothers in war-stricken lands. And 
there's the drive which the Church Boards are putting 
on for the spiritually starving of the whole wide world. 
You are going to give freely for both of these. We 
knew that all along. But the best part of it is,— the 
best for you,— that your heart need not be grieved 
about it when you do it. 

The Dry Victory and the Forward Movement 

The sudden triumph of the campaign for the dry 
amendment was a surprise to most of us. Only^those 
who had kept closely in touch, with movements through- 
out the nation were prepared for the' rapid succession 
of ratifications by the various State Legislatures. In 
its general unexpectedness it was something like the 
ending of the Great War. And it was something like 
it, too, in moral significance, not only because of what 
is immediately involved, but also for the encourage- 
ment it gives to all friends of social progress. 

Great evils can be overthrown.- The like has been 
accomplished in the past. The like will be accom- 
plished in the future. It is a great victory for right- 
eousness,— great in itself and greater still in the prom- 
ise which it gives of other victories. 

The liquor forces are making a great bluster about 
what they will do with that billion dollar fighting fund. 
They will storm ^around for a while and then resign 
themselves to the inevitable. This country has at last 
made up its mind on this question. 

To any faint-hearted person who thinks the adoption 
of the prohibition amendment does not signify very 
much because it can never be made a working reality, 
we should like to commend an article by Prof. Irving 
Fisher of Yale University in the Independent for Jan- 
uary 4 on the subject, " Can Prohibition Drive Out 
Drink? " Get it and read it. If you have an open 
mind y.ou will be convinced. It leaves nothing more 
to be said on that point. 

The Oppression of Israel Up to Date 

Pharaoh's oppression of Israel was an awful, cruel 
thing. And now that you have studied it again, what 
good has it done you? Did it make you think, and 
think seriously, of the many kinds of oppression in 
our own day from which deliverance is needed? 

Do you know what multitudes must live in unsani- 
tary tenements, in mere hovels of filth and darkness? 
Do you know how children labor long hours in fac- 
tories and fields, their physical and mental capacities 
permanently dwarfed? Do you know how women and 
girls are driven into lives of sin, partly because they 
are compelled to work for insufficient wages? Do you 

lint all this is introductory. What we started out 
to say is this : This world is sick with sin. Evil still- 
abounds on every hand. The only cure for it is the 
Gospel Of Jesus Christ. It surely looks as if anything 
1 i k t- the complete evangelization of the world must be 
a long way off. But who knows what the coming years 
may bring ? The war ended more quickly than we 
expected. The overthrow of alcoholism in America is 
coming sooner than we had thought. Persistent ham- 
mering at the enemy's ramparts does bring results. In 
spite of all that bombs and guns have done, these last 
few years, faith working by love is still the most pow- 
erful thing in the world. Let's keep it up. Let's go at 
it with new vigor and new purpose. Substantial vic- 
tories are ahead. And some of them are not far away. 
" Have faith in God." Trust him ! And work for 
him! ^^^^_^^^^^ 

If We Only Could Remember 

That, is, the things we ought to remember, and for- 
gel the rest. Then we would know how to deal with 
others less favored than ourselves. Then we would 
know how to practice our religion. Listen: "And 
thou shall remember that thou wast a bondman in the 
land of Egypt and Jehovah thy^God redeemed thee." 

\\ son of Israel could remember that and then 
neglect to furnish bis released bondservant liberally 
oul of his flock and' out of his threshing-floor and out 
of bis wine-press, as the law commanded? Why. thai 
was what the passover was for, to help him to remem- 
ber bis own former bondage and deliverance. And 
thus to help him live accordingly, in relation to his 
fellows, as any one would feel compelled to live, if he 
could keep fresh in his own mind the mercies he had 
himself received. 

Jesus once asked his disciples to do a certain thing 
" in remembrance " of him. In fact, most of our re- 
ligious ceremonies are designed to prod our memories. 

< lb, if we only could remember! We would never 
go far wrong. Nor get discouraged. Nor heedless 
nf the body-and-soul-hunger of the world. 

The Use of Scripture in Overcoming Temptation 

In our temptations we are often advised to take 
refuge in the Word, as did our Master, by saying : " It 
is written." The implication seems to be that there is 
something of magic or miraculous power in the quoting 
of Scripture, and that, at the sound of it, Satan will 
take to his heels, and run away. 

Our Lord, of course, did use Scripture in answering 
each of the special temptations, but with what purpose 
and intent? Did he, indeed, quote the Scriptures to 
Satan, or did he thus quote them, to. reassure himself 
in the' perplexing problems with which he had to deal, 
as to what the will of the Lord was? Certainly, the 
latter is the real meaning of his quoting of Scripture. 
In meeting the temptation, to casf himself down from 
the pinnacle of the temple, and by some stupendous 
miracle, proclaiming himself to be the Son of God and 
the coming Messiah, he answered his own thoughts, 
suggested by Satan, by saying: "It is not right to 
make trial thus of the Lord our God." When asked 
to compromise with sin and worldliness, in order to ac- 
complish his task, and win men to himself, he said: 
" It is written. Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, 
and him only shalt thou serve." Thus he reassured 
himself that he had absolutely no right to make any 
compromise with Satan, or to serve him in the least 
degree but that he must be faithful and true to the 

Living God, and that God would lead him on to victory 
and triumph in this matter. So, also, when he was 
tempted to turn the stones into bread, because he was 
so hungry. He threw himself again, by meditation on 
the Word, back upon the providential care of his 
Heavenly Father, waiting for his guidance and his di- 
rection, and well he might, for as we see by the sequel, 
" angels came and ministered to him." We see, then, 
that Jesus quoted the Scripture to reassure himself as 
to just exactly where the will of the Lord lay in the 
matter, in the decision of the problem which was be- 
fore him, and his solving of the perplexity. 

Once seeing where the will of the Lord lay, there 
was no question at all as to where his own will would 
take its stand. There was but one thing for. him to 
do, and that was resolutely to do exactly what he knew 
to be his Father's will. 

This is the message for us, in the hour of tempta- 
tion. When we are in perplexity, not knowing just ex- 
actly which course to pursue, it is for us to stand still 
to meditate on the revealed will of God, to pray for 
the guidance of the Holy Spirit, to find the " way of 
escape "iwhich the Lord himself has provided. He 
must untangle the skein for us. Our Father himself 
must point out the way, wherein his child should walk. 
And in the Word of God there is counsel for every 



kind of problem and every condition of life. If we 
meditate thereon day and night, we shall kqfw how to 
meet the issues which confront us from day to day. 
If our minds were as fully saturated with the Word of 
God, as was that of our Lord, we should be better able 
to meet the difficulties of life and its perplexities. 

Once knowing what the will of the Lord is, we must 
boldly there take our stand, and move from it not one 
jot or tittle. Our will must be irrevocably made up to 
take our stand on the will of God, when once it is 
known and clear. I once knew a good man, who told 
me that he had a vision,— a veritable miracle,— happen 
to him, and he believed God was leading him to com- 
■mit adultery- If he had been willing to listen to the 
counsel of the Word of God, and had meditated upon 
its truths, he would have clearly perceived the state- 
ment there: " Thou shalt not commit adultery." Hav- 
ing reassured himself, in the hour of need, of the un- 
alterable will of God concerning the matter, he would 
have escaped the delusion under which he was laboring, 
and would have been saved from a heinous sin and the 
bitterest of sorrow. A - c - w - 

Education and Reconstruction 

Theri; is much said about reconstruction. The 
word is used, for the most part, in a very vague and 
general sense. Sometimes it refers entirely to the re- 
building of the houses of France and Belgium, and the 
restoration of factories and railroads and industries. 
The soil has been churned over and over by shot and 
shell and trench, and it will be an almost superhuman 
task to restore it to its prcbellum fertility and arability. 

Then, again, reconstruction is spoken of in a political 
sense. The world must be made over, in some real 
sense, so as to insure the blessings of peace, tranquillity 
and prosperity to all nations, both great and small. The out educating the 

said about the need, but what is the specific program 
so we can help intelligently and effectively? 

Again, reconstruction is necessary in the United 
Slates, unless we are blinded with egotism, so that we 
think there is no room for improvement. America also 
has aristocrats and Bolsheviki,— those who exploit the 
masses for their own selfish ends, and anarchists, 'who 
denounce all authority in government or religion. We, 
too, need reconstruction, in political, social, economic, , 
religious and educational fields. 

What is the place of education in World Recon- 
struction? Tell me what kind of a world you want, 
and I can -tell you the problem of education. Educa- 
tion, in its broadest sense, is the influence of all the 
social institutions, the family, church, school, business, 
society and the State, upon the individual. Biological- 
ly, man is what he has been for thousands of years, 
except, perhaps, degenerated through luxury and vice. 
But man inherits from the race the same instincts he 
always did. The late Prof. James, the. noted psycholo- 
gist, pointed out at a peace banquet, some years ago, 
that the present generation, and future generations, 
will inherit the same instincts for war that have dom- 
inated former generations. The only hope, in this 
world, for peace, is the right kind of education that 
will enthrone reason in place of the instincts. Do we 
want a world of -peace and harmony? Then we mus.t 
educate the world accordingly. If reason is to guide 
our way in truth, then we must so educate. Men must 
be taught to know the truth, to love the truth and to 
do the right, else they will follow instinct, — the instinct 
of the animal. Our children inherit noire of our piety ; 
they must be taught piety. The present generation is 
biologically not a whit better than our remote ances- 
tors, — all the ideals of civilization and religion depend 
upon education. There can be no reconstruction with- 
orld into the ideals of life that 

Peace Conference should make a peace that is not a 
provocation for another war. And there should be 
such a League of Nations as will make all the safe- 
guards against future wars that are politically possible. 
Law has its place, and a very important place, therefore 
we must make good and just laws, nationally and inter- 
nationally. We have found out that the liquor problem, 
for example, needs the strong arm of the law, as well 
as sentiment, — economic, moral and religious, — for its 
solution. So there is a reconstruction politically. 
Governments, laws and treaties must be on the basis 
of democracy, else no guarantee for future peace can 
even be hoped for. 

Then, again, reconstruction often refers to the social, 
moral and religious condition of Europe. When we 
remember that England, France and Germany each 
lost at least 50,000 (and, perhaps, more nearly 100,- 
000) teachers, professors and preachers, we see a great 
need for leadership in the spiritual and cultural l*fe'of 
these peoples. The need for spiritual comfort, ideal- 
ism, a sustaining faith, after the sodden experiences of 
war, can not be measured. Can these rtations recuper- 
ate spiritually without our aid? Will they welcome 
our aid? What shall we do when we get there? To 
look upon these nations as mission fields, in the same 
sense as India and China, would certainly be resented 
by them, and would, perhaps, be presumptuous on our 
part. All seem to agree as to the great need for teach- 
ers, and especially for a spiritual and religious revival. 
But how approach this problem? As far as I can see 
now, the only way in which our kindly offers could be 
accepted without embarrassment, in a religious recon- 
struction, is through the Y. M. C. A. and Y. W. C. A., 
which have already won the love and respect of Eu- 
rope. Of course, theoretically, each denomination can 
say: " All who do not belong to us are not of Christ, 
and are therefore a mission field." But we are not 
facing a theory, but a condition. For each denomi- 
nation to rush to Europe to propagate its creed, is out 
of the question. But can we not, therefore, do some- 
thing for the reconstruction of religious faith in Eu- 
rope? And our teachers, — would thousands of them he 
acceptable to these nations, even if we sent them to 
Europe? No doubt it would make for world-democ- 
racy and internationalism if we sent 100,000 teachers 
of America into the schools of Europe. There is much 

make for social harmony. This business of education 
rests upon the home, the school and the church. Busi- 
ness and society must be reconstructed along the lines 
of Christian ethics, else wars will continue. " Man 
is the only animal that constantly preys upon its own 
kind." Man will forever continue to do this unless 
each generation is educated to the ideals of human 
brotherhood, as taught by Jesus Christ. Things will 
not go of themselves, — except down hill. " Eternal 
vigilance is the price of good government." Eternal 
efforts in uplifting humanity are the price of a better 
world. To reconstruct the world, so as to create a fit 
democracy, demands no less than an educational propa- 
ganda, — in all the educational forces of civilization, — 
that converts men to the things we want, — true democ- 
racy, the Kingdom of God, righteousness, justice, love 
and brotherhood. These ideals must be taught if they 
are to become real in the life of humanity. The one , 
thing about reconstruction that is clear is this: we 
must make clear to ourselves what kind of a world we 
ought to have ; what are the elements necessary to get 
such a world ; then train sufficient leaders who will de- 
yote their lives to this cause and educate our world so 
that humanity will live by reason and love instead of by 
instinct. Without this, laws are helpless or useless. 
With this, laws and governments will be created to 
execute these ideals. It ought to be clear to all men 
that nothing less than the program of Jesus, — the 
Kingdom of God, — will meet the needs of the world, 
and that reconstruction will be no more than a tempo- 
rary makeshift, or momentary relief, unless human in- 
stitutions are based upon the eternal principles of 
Christ. The church must take religion seriously, and 
spare no sacrifice to ground everything upon trie Rock, 
Christ Jesus. _____^^_ d. w. k. 

Excursions in Bookland 

" The Call of a World Task," Murray, 60 cents 
" The New Archeological Discoveries," Cobern, $3.00 

In certain obvious ways the two books listed above are 
as unlike as some married couples. Take, for example, the 
matters of size and general appearance. "The Call of a 
World Task" is a little red book with a purpose that is 
clear from its first sentence. " The New Archeological 
Discoveries" is a sedate volume of some 698 pages,- — at 
least this is, what it appears to be to the casual observer. 
Vet a glance into this large book will begin to disclose 

something quite different from that which the superficial 
observer would have expected to find. The large book 
is. in reality, a jolly big volume that has time to venture 
here and there, and at times even regales the reader with 
pages of interesting pictures. These are a few of the rea- 
sons why it might at first appear that, in placing these 
two volumes side by side, the Bookman has tried to outdo 
Cupid in the arrangement of incongruous couples. 

But with all of their outward dissimilarity the little red 
book and the big blue book have something in common. 
They have a real affinity. They are alike in their emphasis 
on the relation between religion and life, even though 
their methods differ. "The Call of a World Task" is 
concerned with the immediate and pressing problems of 
today; the large book is concerned with picturing life as 
it was lived in New Testament times. The full title of the 
second book will make its aim somewhat more clear. It 
is as follows: "The New Archeological Discoveries and 
Their Bearing Upon the New Testament and upon the 
Life and Times of the Primitive Church." From this it 
will appear that both books are concerned with the rela- 
tion of religion and life, but that the first aims to visualize 
piesent needs for us. while the second aims at a concrete 
reconstruction of the past, — particularly as it touches New 
Testament life and times. 

The interest in the relation of religion and life is noth- 
ing new, even though for us the Great War has made it 
weH'nigh universal. While we are all wondering just how 
the church should relate herself to the needs of the day, 
we have only to remember that thoughtful people have 
ever been more or less disturbed over this question. Long 
before the Great War, novelists had invaded this field of 
interest and returned with such books as " The Calling of 
Dan Matthews." But world conditions in our days have 
emphasized, as never before, the deep-seated relation be- 
tween religion and life. It is not simply that Christianity 
should fit us for the life that is to come, — it must fit us 
for the life that now is. The world must be Christianized 
if it is to become a decent place in which to live. 

The church is face to face with a world task. The fact 
is not new, but as information it is new to many people. 
For this reason "The Call of a World Task "• is a book 
that should be read by every earnest believer who wishes 
to take the measure of the church's responsibility in these 
crisal times. "The Call of a World Task" was written to 
interpret the present world situation in terms of mission- 
ary responsibility. It is only fair to say that it was written 
especially for the students in American colleges who arc 
interested in the practical side of Matt. 28: 19, 20. And 
yet. is there a minister or a layman anywhere who is not 
interested in this great missionary task and how it should 
be accomplished? "The Call of a World Task" concerns 
not alone the college students, who are looking forward 
to laying their lives upon the altar of service, — it con- 
cerns every one who loves the Christ, who came to seek 
and to save the lost. 

The story of how this little red book was written, is not 
without interest, since it illustrates the way in which, in 
these days, men are able to catch and visualize the needs 
of the whole world. At the Northfield student conference, 
held early in 1918, it was felt that the students should have 
a study book, interpreting the present world need in terms 
of world opportunity. The Educational Secretary of the 
Student Volunteer Movement was delegated to produce the 
desired book in one month. The Secretary threw himself 
into the task with such energy that the task set was finished 
within the time limit. Last summer, at student confer- 
ences, the book was studied with great success. Last fall 
the book was made the first on the list for the Mission 
Study Courses in Brethren colleges. But now, with the 
sudden coming of the problems of peace, "The Call of a 
World Task " is a book that should be in the hands of all 
our thoughtful people. It is a book that fits right in with 
the Forward Movement idea for the Church of the Breth- 
ren. " The Call of a World Task " is not only a book for 
study groups and classes, but any one who -cares to read 
will find that the book is interesting as well. 

The Bookman's excitement over the dramatic way in 
which "The Call of a World Task" fits in with the For- 
ward Movement idea must not blind us to the merit of the 
large book with the pictures that we started out by con- 
trasting with the little red book. The whole story of the 
significance of new archeological discoveries can not be 
told here. It is enough for students to say that "The 
New Archeological Discoveries" deals in an interesting 
and popular way with such subjects as the new light 
which the discovery of Egyptian papyri has thrown upon 
the languages in which the New Testament was originally 
written. Thus it happens that, to the discomfiture of many 
critics, these papyri show that the New Testament was 
written in the Koine, or language of the people, and not in 
classic Greek. This clears up many troublesome questions 
of grammar and text. But this is only one of the ways in 
which the book helps to clear up, for the average reader, 
the bearing of the new archeological discoveries upon the 
New Testament and upon the life and times of the primi- 
tive church, "The New Archeological Discoveries" dem- 
onstrates anew the truth of the New Testament and its 
eternal value to the men and women who hear the call of 
a world task. H. A. B. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 1, 1919 



Victory Through Faith 

'■ He that shall inherit all thing. " (Rev. 21 : 7). 
Do temptations overtake you, is your burden hard to bear? 

Is the road you travel rough and steep to climb? 
Just fix your eyes on Jesus,— he is love without compare. 
Beneficent, compassionate, sublime! 
Glory, glory, hallelujah! 

Glory, glory, praise his name forcvcrmorc. 
We shall see him, we shall know him, 

When redeemed we stand on Canaan's happy shore. 
In times of tribulation, in sorrow and distress, 

When trials seem to overwhelm the soul. 
Hold fast your faith in Jesus, he will your crosses bless. 

And bring you safely to your heavenly goal. 
When the storms of life are rising and the awful billows 

roar, ■ ... 

When the soul is tempest-tossed and fiercely tried, 
Then lift your eyes to heaven, to that happy golden shore, 
And in Jesus' love be fully satisfied. 
Phoenixville, Pa. 

Marks of the King's Subjects 


When Paul said: " Henceforth let no man trouble 
me; for I bear branded on my body the marks of Je- 
sus," he did not refer to the keeping of the ordinances 
of the New Testament, although we have heard this 
scripture so used. Nor did he refer to circumcision, 
for he had almost in the same breath said : "For neither 
is circumcision anything, nor uncircumcision, but a 
new creature" (Gal. 6: 15). ' What did he mean? 
The theme of the epistle to the Galatians is that of 
" the Gospel and the Law." It is vindicatory, doctrinal 
and hortatory. With Paul, salvation through faith in 
Jesus Christ alone is sufficient, without thtj Judaizing 
imposition of legal ceremonialism. But Paul declares 
that he bears on his body the marks of Jesus. " Brand- 
ing in the flesh the marks of one's devotedness to a 
divinity, is to this day a widely-observed custom in the 
East " says Trumbull. Abraham was circumcised and 
his followers, as a seal in the flesh of a blood covenant 
with God. 

Burton tells us that it was the habit in Mecca to cut 
three parallel gashes down the fleshy cheek of every 
male child; and of the claim that these gashes were 
signs that the scarred one was the servant of Allah's 
house. There are various modes of receiving marks 
in the flesh to show devotedness. So, too, circumcision 
had its significance among the Jews. 

The mark of our King's subjects is, therefore, not 
primarily a dogma but one of an inner life which is 
the practical emphasis of the Christian life. This is 
what is emphasized by Jesus and made clear on every 
page of the Gospels. No greater calamity ever came 
to Christianity than when the Council of Nicaja estab- 
lished the church strength largely upon the basis of 
form and dogma. The effect was so far-reaching that 
its full significance was not comprehended until more 
recent times. The test of doctrine is important, but 
the test of righteousness has been too often ignored. 

Church membership should depend upon the beauty 
of holiness of life and practical service to humanity. 
The lack of this emphasis called out the resentment of 
such men as Voltaire, of the Thirty Years' War, and 
of the Reformation. Who will dare to say that the 
present world conflict does not find its foundation in 
the same tendency? 

The test of Christianity is that of " peace on earth 
and good will to men." Tertullian says : " Early 
Christianity answered its opposers by an appeal to the 
lives of believers. A temptation that abstained from 
others' goods; a chastity that they polluted not even 
with a look ; a compassion to help the needy ; a truth 
that gave confidence; a liberty for which they died." 

When Peter besought believers to adorn themselves 
modestly, he admonished them to abstain from the 
cheap worldly adornment, but to " let it be the hidden 
man of the heart, in the incorruptible clothing of a 

meek and quiet spirit which is in the sight of God of 
great price." 

Paul admonished Christian servants so to live as to 
" adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in all tilings." 
Again, like Peter, he admonished women to dress not 
in costly clothing, but " in good works." 

The writer to the Hebrews says: "Follow after 
peace with all men, and the sanctification, without 
which no man shall see the Lord." 

Jesus declared that " unless our righteousness shall 
exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, 
we shall in no wise enter into the kingdom of heaven." 
Again he said: " Except ye turn and become as little 
children, ye shall in no wise enter into the kingdom of 
heaven." He told Nicodemus that " except one be born 
anew, he can not see the kingdom of God." It is the 
" pure in heart that see God." 

Paul declared that " if any one have not the Spirit 
of Christ he is none of his." 

John wrote: " By this shall all men know that ye are 
my disciples, if ye have love one to another." Again 
he wrote: " Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear 
much fruit; and so shall ye be my disciples." In his 
first epistle he sets in contrast the child of God and the 
child of Satan. , 

The marks of the King's subjects distinguish one 
in this life, for, 

" Our deeds travel with us from afar 
And what we have been makes us what we are." 

" As we have borne the image of the earthy, we 
shall also bear the image of the heavenly," for " As is 
the earthy, such are also they that are earthy : and as 
is the heavenly such are also they that are heavenly." 

Chicago, III. , , , , 

paid, too, for when the hogs went to market, lo, mine 
letl all the rest in weight. 

1 am not implying, by this little incident, that people 
should be treated as hogs, but 1 do mean that the weak 
and the erring should be treated with extra kindness, 
and given special care by pastors and shepherds. It 

David Gregg tells the beautiful story of a Scotch 
Highlander, who planted a tree beside a little brook, 
where there was no kindly soil. Of course it wilted 
and drooped. But suddenly, to the surprise of every 
one, it took a new start in life and bore much fruit. 
An examination revealed the secret. With a marvelous 
vegetable instinct, it sent out a shoot which ran out 
along and over a narrow sheep ridge, and rooted itself 
in the rich loam on the other side of the brook. From 
this rich loam it drew its life. Even so it is the busi- 
ness of the shepherd to see that all the sheep draw 
their life from Jesus Christ, who is not willing that 
any should perish. 

Wiley, Colo. , , 

The Lost Sheep 


A wonderful and responsible work is that of the 
shepherd. Not only is he to feed the lambs, lead the 
flock to pastures green, guard a,gainst the enemies, but 
he is to gather in the lost sheep, and this last part is 
one that, I think, has been very much neglected in times 
past. We have been working on the theory that once 
lost meant lost forever, and so but little effort was put 
forth to save the one gone astray. 

In the parable of the lost sheep, the stress seems to 
be placed on the fact that the shepherd seemed to be 
very much concerned about the sheep that was lost.— 
in fact, so great was his concern that he was willing 
to leave the remainder of the flock, to go and seek that 
one. Not only so, but he was willing to risk his very 
life for that one. There is no criticism either, when it 
is found, but great rejoicing. 

What a contrast to the work of the shepherd, not 
having a proper sense of his duty ! I think, sometimes, 
that if more anxiety were manifested over the one who 
has gone astray, not nearly so much care would need 
to be exercised for the ones who are safe in the fold. 
It is the erring one. above all others, that needs your 
help, your prayers, your tender care. This is squarely 
against human nature, but good shepherds do a lot of 
things that are not according to the rule of human na- 

Man's inhumanity to man and his pride before God, 
are the age-long manifestations of wickedness. We are 
still very apt to manifest some of the brute nature, 
. when a man goes down, by helping to overwhelm him 
with sharp and undeserved criticism. Some folks have 
been driven out of the fold by this manner of conduct. 
Oh that there might be a more tender regard for the 
welfare of the lost! They are the Father's children, 
even though they are on the wrong track. Given a 
good pasture, in the right kind of environment, and 
treated with some extra manifestation of kindness, 
they will make good. . 

When I was a boy, my father had a lot of hogs. One 
of them was a runt, and seemed hardly worth the feed- 
ing—so thought my father, when he gave it to me. It 
was the first property 1 ever owned, ami that p'g 
looked like a fortune to me. I made a pen as near to 
the house as my mother would permit, and fed it as if 
it were the most valuable animal in the country. It 

Under Southern Skies 


Secretary-Treasurer of General Mission Board 

Part II.— Some Problems and Suggestions 

In our last article we spoke something of the trip 

which we so much enjoyed among the hospitable 

Southern brethren and sisters. There is another phase 

of the subject, about which we desire to speak, out of 

justice to these dear folks, living off so far from the 

main body of the church. We would help them 'all we 

could, and encourage them, as the pioneers of a large 

body of the Church of the Brethren in the Southland, 

— the church to be. 

The Southern field is not without its problems and 
hindrances. We merely desire to mention a few of 
them. We do it not from a desire to show the dark 
side of the work, but, in some manner, to assist. We 
feel sure that in doing this we do no one an injustice, 
and it is but fair that we make known something of the 
real conditions there: 

Other denominations quite largely occupy the field, 
though there are large unchurched masses that need the 

Our people who have settled in the South have not 
always gone with an idea of permanency. Many went 
South lo seek their fortune and, of course, these always 
had a price on their property, upon the receipt of 
which, they often passed on. As is often the case, some 
overreached themselves,— a matter that can not be 
charged against the country. 

There are great distances between the bodies of 
members. This is a deterrent in many respects, but 
the fellowship enjoyed by such members, when once 
they get together, is sweet indeed. - 

Secret orders very generally prevail throughout the 
South— if anything to a greater degree than in the 
North. Many told us that these all but sap the life 
from religious profession. We understand something 
of this by our own observations in almost every quarter 
of the country. 

The isolated position of our churches in the South 
has not given them an opportunity to become acquaint- 
ed with our general church life. The likelihood is that 
the North has not been as diligent in going to the South, 
or in sending workers to assist the members in that 
section as it should. Our good people down there feel 
that the- have not been remembered by visits, by re- 
inforcements, that their appeals have not been heeded 
in many ways, as have those of the churches in other 
parts of the country. We .believe that they are right 
in this statement. Our members have traveled along 
lines of latitude, rather than of longitude. 

Then there is that ever present question of color. 
Our cause has been hurt, in some cases, by Northern 
folks going South with altruistic motives and Northern 
ideas on ways of helping the colored man. Their ef- 
forts, so far, have not succeeded, and have not helped 
the cause. It occurs to us that the thing to do, on mov- 
ing South, is to go without having one's preconceived 
opinions ton firmly fixed on this question, and to study 
the question well before acting or speaking on the sub- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 1, 1919 


ject. We do not, in any way, cast any reflections on 
anybody when we say this. We simply speak of the 
condition of things as it is. The people of the North 
are not qualified to judge in such matters, until they 
have been in actual touch with the Southern problem. 

Such an array of hindrances would seem almost in- 
surmountable, were it not for the fact that we have 
about as many in the North, and that, nevertheless, our 
work seems to progress here. Along with these, we 
should not overlook many most beautiful characteris- 
tics of Southern folks, — hospitality, honesty, simplicity, 
sociability, open-heartedness, — characteristics that 
would seem to make the hearts of the people fertile 
soil for our principles. We should learn the lesson of 
adapting our methods to the Southern mind, — just as 
it is being learned in India, China, and anywhere else 
where missionaries go. 

We venture to add just a few suggestions, which we 
commend to the thought of our people who are inter- 
ested in the Southern field. From interviews, held 
with brethren individually and in District Meetings, 
where open discussions were held, we gather that the 
needs of our brethren in the South center around four 
distinct heads : 

1. A Strengthened Leadership. 

2. Larger Financial Contributions. 

3. Development of Their Potential Resources. 

4. A Closer Cohesion of Their Membership. 

7. // Strengthened Leadership. — All with whom we 
talked felt that the General Mission Board could assist 
by sending representatives 
to them oftener, and by en- 
deavoring to help them lo- 
cate active ministers in 
their territory It would 
likewise be a great boon to 
these people if a good 
evangelist or two could be 
found, who would be will- 
ing to spend his winters 
among these churches. 
These evangelists should be 
active, successful in their 

Pleasant Grove Church, Near 

past work, with a keen 

sense of the spirit and 

value of adaptation, — brethren with a vision, who 

would go South to help, not merely to spend the winter. 

But some strong ministers are needed as residents, and 

the evangelists would teach and inspire. 

2. Larger Financial Contributions. — (a) The South 
is a great mission field in itself. Surely, because of this 
fact it deserves that its calls be heard by sympathetic 
ears, (b) Some of our wealthier churches in the 
North, ambitious to do church extension work, might 
appoint some one of their best ministers to labor in the 
South for a season, the congregation bearing his ex- 
penses while there. The writer will be glad to know 
of any who may desire to do this very thing, (c ) Some 
special fund, or some special percentage of money, con- 
tributed for World-wide Work, should be designated 
for work in the homeland. The budget system of 
church finance could, with profit, be employed both in 
the North and in the South. 

j. Development of Potential Resources. — We hope 
that this can be done somewhat through the medium 
of our Forward Movement, during the next few years, 
and through visits of our returned missionaries to these 
churches. The people in the South are not pessimistic 
about their work ; they are optimists. They see the 
harvest, but they need laborers to help reap it, 

4. A Closer Cohesion of Their Membership. — In 
some manner there should be a program of education 
set on foot that would encourage our people, when 
they go to a new country, to go where there are mem- 
bers. Frontier Districts could, with profit, have " Lo- 
cating Committees," made up of brethren who are not 
in the real estate business. Such Committees would 
refuse commissions from the sales of land. Their 
purpose would not be to make people restless, neither 
would it be their aim to keep up a program of agitation 
to encourage people to move, but simply to direct in- 
quiring brethren towards localities where there are or- 
ganized churches. In the Southland almost any kind 
of soil can be found, and there are churches in most 

of the communities. But our people should have edu- 
cation along the line of their responsibility to the 
church, and they should have many opportunities of 
learning, through our church papers and elsewhere, 
that the great Brotherhood greatly desires them to take 
care in moving, lest they isolate themselves from the 
church, thereby infinitely damaging their own spiritual 
lives, and rendering themselves of negligible value to 
the church. 

In these remarks I have said nothing startling or 
unusual. I found nothing to warrant such. I found 
a splendid people, needing help and anxious for assist- 
ance. There is no sentiment or reason for the General 
Mission Board to work independently of the District 
Boards, in the territory I visited, but every reason why 
it should work heart and soul with them. The potential 
forces of large additions to our church forces are 
there. Supply leaders to' supplement the efforts of 
those resident there, awaken the forces in the South- 
land, train them, afford them a vision, and they will do 
good work. I think money, wisely and judiciously in- 
vested in that territory, will yield splendid returns. 

It is but natural that we should say something about 
the opportunities of the great Southland as a place of 
residence for our people, as the trend of emigration 
will inevitably be southward. We need not waste our 
space to tell you that the Southern brethren will heartily 
welcome any one in their midst who comes with a 

Hufsmith, Texas, Where the Late District Meeting of Texas and 
Louisiana Was Held 

rightful purpose. The South 'is one vast extension 
dining-room table, with open doors, open hearts and a 
blazing fireplace, if an expression, somewhat befitting 
their hospitality, is desired. 

The writer is not in the land business. He does not 
own a foot of soil in the South, nor is he the relative 
of any land agent. He is not a very enthusiastic ad- 
vocate of " church extension by immigration." Too 
often this has proved to be " church devastation by 
emigration," to which fact scores of weakened, depleted 
or abandoned churches in older territories will testify. 
We believe more in the doctrine of adaptation and 
evangelization. On the other hand, our Church of 
the Brethren would have remained in Germany, if no- 
body had ever moved. Therefore, since folks will 
move, and rightly so, sometimes, we venture to make 
a few suggestions to those who feel that their local 
churches can spare their services and who, therefore, 
are justified in leaving their present homes. The only 
word of caution we would offer is, that those who pro- 
pose to leave places where they are sadly needed, would 
better stay there, if it is at all possible. Candidly, you 
know, brethren, that we may tramp, tramp, tramp 
about this old world, thinking that the fields across the 1 
hills are greenest, until we develop a sort of religio- 
vagabond spirit. Such, at least, is a possibility. 

What we started out/ to sayis, that the South needs 
workers. The South presents opportunities second to 
none in the country. The South presents splendid pos- 
sibilities for the Church of the Brethren. There is not 
a church down there that will not welcome good work- 
ers. Every church pressed and stressed this point. 
And they have a right to feel that six or eight preach- 
ers, — oftentimes rusting out and in each other's way, 
in a church with only one preaching point, — are too 
many. They have a right to question such a dubious 
obedience to Christ's commands, especially when the 

Southland is a part of the " Judea " of Acts 1 : 8. 

^In my other article I mentioned a number of church- 

es that are especially lacking in workers. They will 
welcome additional members. Should you think of 
going South, plan to go where the members live. Do 
not listen to all land agents, but if you must listen to 
one, give heed to him whom our members recommend, 
and who lives close to them. Do not neglect your soul, 
nor the souls of your precious children, by allowing 
some " land wizard " to isolate you from the church. 

Would you grow melons, raise cattle, thresh the in- 
evitable " goober " (peanut), or raise cotton, inquire of 
almost any church in Texas. However, we believe 
that dairying is a principal industry at ManveL The 
cotton at Taft or Portland seems to be very luxuriant. 
Here a place might easily be found for the right preach- 
er. Would you grow rice, or raise stock, think of 
Roanoke in Louisiana. The sugar cane at Fruitdale, 
and the " truck " raised there, make the people who 
engage in them a good living. The turpentine from Ala- 
bama's pines produces a neat sum for those who tap 
the trees. The citrus fruit industry of Florida is in 
its infancy, largely, in the places where^ our brethren 
dwell, though thousands of cars of the fruit are an- 
nually shipped from the State. The fruit grown is 
juicy and fine and no irrigation is required. These 
short statements are made simply that you may know 
something of the crops and industries. 

We simply wish to recapitulate what we have al- 
ready stated : 

1. Go, look, before you settle there. 

2. Make thorough inquiry of reliable brethren. 

3. Do not isolate yourself from the church, — the 
sun shines brightly everywhere. 

4. Go South to live, and give and lend a hand. 
Southern souls are precious, and many are dying for 

a vision of their own needs and for the sense of sins 

Elgin, III. ^_^^^___ 

Our Departed Friends and Ourselves 


The conviction of an existence after death is much 
older than the Christian era. And yet, in the light 
of the New Testament Scriptures, and of the intelli- 
gence of the present generation, the number of those 
is legion who are finding it difficult to approach physical 
death with that triumphant faith that can say : " O 
death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy 
victory? " I refer